This web page contains the full text of
Code of Judicial Conduct
chan robles virtual law library
An honorable competent and independent judiciary exists to administer justice and thus promote the unity of the country, the stability of government, and the well-being of the people.cralaw.chan robles virtual law library
A JUDGE SHOULD UPHOLD
RULE 1.01 - A judge should be the embodiment of competence, integrity and independence.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
RULE 1.02 - A judge should administer justice impartially and without delay.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
RULE 1.03. - A judge should be vigilant against any attempt to subvert the independence of the judiciary and should forthwith resist any pressure from whatever source intended to influence the performance of official functions.
A JUDGE SHOULD AVOID
RULE 2.02 - A judge should not seek publicity for personal vainglory.
A JUDGE SHOULD PERFORM
RULE 3.06 - While a judge may, to promote justice, prevent waste of time or clear up some obscurity, properly intervene in the presentation of evidence during the trial, it should always be borne in mind that undue interference may prevent the proper presentation of the cause or the ascertainment of truth.
RULE 3.07 - A judge should abstain from making public comments on any pending or impending case and should require similar restraint on the part of court personnel.
RULE 3.09 - A judge should organize and supervise the court personnel to ensure the prompt and efficient dispatch of business, and require at all times the observance of high standards of public service and fidelity.
RULE 3.10 - A judge should take or initiate appropriate disciplinary measures against lawyers or court personnel for unprofessional conduct of which the judge may have become aware.
RULE 3.11 - A judge should appoint commissioners, receivers, trustees, guardians, administrators and others strictly on the basis of merit and qualifications, avoiding nepotism and favoritism. Unless otherwise allowed by law, the same criteria should be observed in recommending appointment of court personnel. Where the payment of compensation is allowed, it should be reasonable and commensurate with the fair value of services rendered.
RULE 3.12 - A judge should take no part in a proceeding where the judge's impartiality might reasonably be questioned. These cases include among others, proceedings where:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
(a) the judge has personal knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the proceeding;In every instance, the judge shall indicate the legal reason for inhibition.cralaw.
A JUDGE SHOULD REGULATE
ADVOCATIONAL, CIVIC AND
RULE 5.01 - A judge may engage in the following activities provided that they do not interfere with the performance of judicial duties or detract from the dignity of the court:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
RULE 5.02 - A judge shall refrain from financial and business dealing that tend to reflect adversely on the court's impartiality, interfere with the proper performance of judicial activities or increase involvement with lawyers or persons likely to come before the court. A judge should so manage investments and other financial interests as to minimize the number of cases giving grounds for disqualifications.
RULE 5.03 - Subject to the provisions of the proceeding rule, a judge may hold and manage investments but should not serve as officer, director, manager or advisor, or employee of any business except as director of a family business of the judge.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
RULE 5.06 - A judge should not serve as the executor, administrator, trustee, guardian, or other fiduciary, except for the estate, trusts, or person of a member of the immediate family, and then only if such service will not interfere with the proper performance of judicial duties. "Member of immediate family" shall be limited to the spouse and relatives within the second degree of consanguinity. As a family, a judge shall not:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
(a) serve in proceedings that might come before the court of said judge; or
RULE 5.07 - A judge shall not engage in the private practice of law. Unless prohibited by the Constitution or law, a judge may engage in the practice of any other profession provided that such practice will not conflict or tend to conflict with judicial functions.
RULE 5.08 - A judge shall make full financial disclosure as required by law.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
RULE 5.09 - A judge shall not accept appointment or designation to any agency performing quasi-judicial or administrative functions.cralaw.chan robles virtual law library
RULE 5.10 - A judge is entitled to entertain personal views on political questions. But to avoid suspicion of political partisanship, a judge shall not make political speeches, contribute to party funds, publicly endorse candidates for political office or participate in other partisan political activities.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
COMPLIANCE WITH THE CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT
All judges shall strictly comply with this Code.cralaw.
DATE OF EFFECTIVITY
This Code, promulgated on 5 September 1989, shall take effect on 20 October 1989