of the Philippines ordains that judicial power shall be vested in one
Court and such lower courts as may be established by law.
1, Art. VIII, 1987 Constitution).
laws [Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980 (Batas Pambansa Bilang 129)
which took effect on January 18, 1983 and other laws] the Philippine
system consists of the following courts:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
Courts and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts
in the Philippines has its own Municipal Trial Court. It is
to as such if it covers only one municipality; otherwise, it is
Municipal Circuit Trial Court if it covers two or more municipalities.
Trial Courts and Municipal Trial Courts in Cities
Courts in the towns and cities in the Metropolitan Manila area, as
from the other political subdivisions in the Philippines, are referred
to as Metropolitan Trial Courts.
Metropolitan Manila, the equivalent of the Municipal Trial Courts are
to as Municipal Trial Courts in Cities.
Courts were established among the thirteen regions in the Philippines
of Regions I to XII and the National Capital Region (NCR). There are as
many Regional Trial Courts in each region as the law mandates.
the Regional Trial Courts in rank are the Shari'a District Courts which
were established in certain specified provinces in Mindanao where the
Code on Personal Laws is being enforced.
the Municipal Circuit Trial Courts are the Shari'a Circuit Courts which
were established in certain municipalities in Mindanao.
Shari'a District Courts and fifty one Shari'a Circuit Courts in
V. Court of
the Court of Tax Appeals, composed of a Presiding Judge and two
Judges, is vested with the exclusive appellate jurisdiction over
from the decisions of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the
of Customs on certain specific issues.
the Sandiganbayan, composed of a Presiding Justice and eight Associate
Justices, has exclusive jurisdiction over violations of the Anti-Graft
and Corrupt Practices Act [Republic Act No. 3019], the Unexplained
Act [Republic Act No. 1379] and other crimes or felonies committed by
officials and employees in relation to their office, including those
in government-owned or controlled corporations.
VII. Court of
The Court of
composed of one Presiding Justice and sixty eight Associate
is vested with jurisdiction over appeals from the decisions of the
Trial Courts and certain quasi-judicial agencies, boards or
Court - Supreme Court
is the highest Court in the Philippines. There is only one
Court composed of one Chief Justice and fourteen Associate Justices. It
is the final arbiter of any and all judicial issues. When so
it may sit en banc or in divisions of three, five or seven