[G.R. No. 10935. February 1, 1916. ]
THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CASIMIRO E. VELASQUEZ, Defendant-Appellant.
Silvestre Apacible for Appellant.
Attorney-General Avanceña for Appellee.
1. MALVERSATION OF PUBLIC FUNDS: ARTICLES 119-121, PENAL CODE. — Act No. 1740, entitled "An Act providing for the punishment of public officers and employees who fail or refuse to account for public funds or property or who make personal use of such funds or property, etc." does not repeal articles 119, 120 and 121 of the Penal Code and said articles are still in force and applicable to all crimes committed under said Act.
D E C I S I O N
MORELAND, J. :
This is a motion for a modification of the decision of this court wherein the accused and appellant, after having been convicted of the crime of misappropriation of public funds, was sentenced by this court in addition to the penalty imposed by the trial court, to indemnify the province to which the money misappropriated belongs in the sum of P597, the amount misappropriated by the accused. The prayer of the moving party is that portion of the judgment requiring the return to the Province of Rizal of the sum P597 be stricken from our judgment. The ground on which that motion is based is that under Act No. 1740, the Act under which the accused was convicted, and sentenced, does not authorize what is termed in the Penal Code an indemnity by way of the restitution to the municipality injured of the sum of which it has been illegally deprived.
Act No. 1740, entitled "An Act providing for the punishment of public officers and employees who fail or refuse to account for public funds or property or who make personal use of such funds or property, etc." expressly repeals articles 390, 391, and 392 of the Penal Code "in so far as the same may be in conflict with this Act." No other provisions of the Penal Code are repealed; and those expressly mentioned are repealed only in so far as they may be in conflict with the Act. The general principles embodied in articles 119, 120, and 121 of the Penal Code are not disturbed by Act No. 1740, and are still in force and applicable to all crimes committed under the Act. Whether the payment to the province of P597 under the decision of this court be called a restitution or an indemnity, the result is the same. The articles just referred to require the accused to repair the damage caused the province and to make good the loss which it has sustained by reason of his illegal acts. This question has not been directly presented to this court heretofore in such a way as to require a direct decision thereon; but precisely the same kind of case has already been under consideration by this court in which the court affirmed a judgment holding that the accused must indemnify the province. In the case of the United States v. Meneses (14 Phil. Rep., 357), the accused misappropriated P2,713,68 belonging to the Province of Albay, and was sentenced by the trial court to eight years’ imprisonment, to the payment of a fine of P1,000, and to indemnify the province in the sum of P2,713. The accused appealed from the judgment of conviction and the sentence imposed thereunder alleging particularly that the punishment was excessive. The Supreme Court in dealing with that question said:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph
"We think this was a sound exercise of the discretion conferred upon the trial court in imposing the penalty prescribed in Act No. 1740, and we find no error in the proceedings prejudicial to the rights of the accused. The sentence imposed by the trial court should be and is hereby affirmed."cralaw virtua1aw library
The motion is denied. So ordered.
Arellano, C.J., Torres, Johnson, Carson, Trent, and Araullo, JJ., concur.
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