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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
May-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 45383 May 2, 1939 - MARIA V. SERAPIO v. MARIANO SERAPIO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 701

  • G.R. No. 45502 May 2, 1939 - SAPOLIN CO., INC. v. CORNELIO BALMACEDA

    067 Phil 705

  • G.R. No. 45915 May 2, 1939 - ESCOLASTICO BUENAVENTURA v. GERINO Z. LAYLAY

    067 Phil 717

  • G.R. No. 45486 May 3, 1939 - TIBURCIO SUMERA v. EUGENIO VALENCIA

    067 Phil 721

  • G.R. No. 45322 May 4, 1939 - WALTER BULL v. REDO L. YATCO

    067 Phil 728

  • G.R. No. 45524 May 4, 1939 - MUNICIPALITY OF VICTORIAS v. VICTORIAS MILLING CO., INC.

    067 Phil 733

  • G.R. No. 45969 May 4, 1939 - TAN TIAH v. Yu JOSE

    067 Phil 739

  • G.R. No. 45122 May 5, 1939 - VISAYAN SURETY & INSURANCE CORPORATION v. FRUCTUOSA TABARES

    067 Phil 743

  • G.R. No. 45496 May 5, 1939 - ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF MANILA v. EL MONTE DE PIEDAD Y CAJA DE AHORROS DE MANILA

    068 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. 45662 May 5, 1939 - JUAN GOROSTIAGA v. MANUELA SARTE

    068 Phil 4

  • G.R. No. 45889 May 5, 1939 - CRISPINO ENRIQUEZ v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 8

  • G.R. No. 45987 May 5, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CAYAT

    068 Phil 12

  • G.R. No. 46405 May 6, 1939 - RAYMUNDO TRANS. CO., INC. v. PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

    068 Phil 22

  • G.R. No. 45667 May 9, 1939 - HARRY IVES SHOEMAKER v. TONDEÑA

    068 Phil 24

  • G.R. No. 45696 May 9, 1939 - GIL BUENDIA v. VICENTE SOTTO

    068 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. 45865 May 10, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TI YEK JUAT

    068 Phil 37

  • G.R. No. 45993 May 11, 1939 - GERONIMO SANTIAGO v. FABIAN R. MILLAR

    068 Phil 39

  • G.R. No. 45318 May 12, 1939 - JACINTO MESINA v. PETRA DELINO

    068 Phil 43

  • G.R. No. 45427 May 12, 1939 - PHIL. NATIONAL BANK v. PHIL. TRUST CO.

    068 Phil 48

  • G.R. No. 45433 May 12, 1939 - ROSARIO GONZALEZ CASTRO VIUDA DE AZAOLA v. GASTON O’FARRELL

    068 Phil 74

  • G.R. No. 45648 May 12, 1939 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. ANICETO ABA

    068 Phil 85

  • G.R. Nos. 46119-46121 May 12, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IGNACIO BELTRAN

    068 Phil 90

  • G.R. No. 46584 May 13, 1939 - MARIANO MARCOS v. ROMAN A. CRUZ

    068 Phil 96

  • G.R. No. 45616 May 16, 1939 - FELICIANO SANCHEZ v. FRANCISCO ZULUETA

    068 Phil 110

  • G.R. No. 45543 May 17, 1939 - SURIGAO MINE EXPLORATION CO. v. C. HARRIS

    068 Phil 113

  • G.R. No. 46432 May 17, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TEODORICO MARTIN

    068 Phil 122

  • G.R. No. 45924 May 18, 1939 - CELESTINO RODRIGUEZ v. EUGENIO YAP

    068 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. 45160 May 23, 1939 - JOSE GREY v. SERAFIN FABIE

    068 Phil 128

  • G.R. Nos. 45705-45707 May 23, 1939 - TEODORA DOMINGO v. MARGARITA DAVID

    068 Phil 134

  • G.R. No. 45842 May 23, 1939 - MARCARET STEWART MITCHELL MCMASTER v. HENRY REISSMANN & CO.

    068 Phil 142

  • G.R. No. 46177 May 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELCHOR TAGASA

    068 Phil 147

  • G.R. No. 46437 May 23, 1939 - EUFEMIO P. TESORO v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    068 Phil 154

  • G.R. No. 45213 May 24, 1939 - H. P. L. JOLLYE v. EMETERIO BARCELON

    068 Phil 164

  • G.R. No. 45486 May 24, 1939 - ASIATIC PETROLEUM CO. v. JOSEFA VALENCIA VIUDA DE MOLINA

    068 Phil 172

  • G.R. No. 45218 May 26, 1939 - CONSUELO CEMBRANO v. CARMEN PARDO DE TAVERA DE GONZALEZ

    068 Phil 175

  • G.R. No. 45446 May 25, 1939 - C. N. HODGES v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 178

  • G.R. No. 45530 May 25, 1939 - CHINA INSURANCE v. Y. CHONG

    068 Phil 189

  • G.R. No. 45615 May 25, 1939 - TEOFILO SINCO v. SILVESTRA TEVES

    068 Phil 200

  • G.R. No. 46000 May 25, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE M. BAES

    068 Phil 203

  • G.R. No. 46024 May 25, 1939 - SOTERA ARAVEJO v. ALFONSO DORONILA

    068 Phil 210

  • G.R. No. 46078 May 25, 1939 - GREGORIA REYNOSO v. JOSE E. TOLENTINO

    068 Phil 213

  • G.R. No. 45189 May 26, 1939 - PHIL. SUGAR ESTATE DEV’T. CO., INC. v. JUAN POSADAS

    068 Phil 216

  • G.R. No. 45264 May 26, 1939 - JOSEFA CASTELLTORT v. BALBINA PASION

    068 Phil 224

  • G.R. No. 45736 May 26, 1939 - CONCEPCION LOPEZ v. ADELA LOPEZ

    068 Phil 227

  • G.R. No. 46100 May 26, 1939 - ALFREDO HIDALGO RIZAL v. JOSEFA RIZAL MERCADO

    068 Phil 231

  • G.R. No. 43585 May 27, 1939 - RIZALINA DE LA ROSA v. MAXIMIANA EDRALIN

    068 Phil 234

  • G.R. No. 45307 May 27, 1939 - COMPAÑIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    068 Phil 238

  • G.R. No. 45324 May 27, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO ABADINAS

    068 Phil 254

  • G.R. No. 45374 May 27, 1939 - MANUEL RODRIGUES v. DANIEL TIRONA

    068 Phil 264

  • G.R. No. 45608 May 27, 1939 - JESUS AZCONA v. PACIFIC COMMERCIAL CO.

    068 Phil 269

  • G.R. No. 46248 May 27, 1939 - TIMOTEO TAROMA v. ROMAN A. CRUZ

    068 Phil 281

  • G.R. No. 45350 May 29, 1939 - BACHBACH MOTOR CO. v. ESTEBAN ICARAÑGAL

    068 Phil 287

  • G.R. No. 45121 May 31, 1939 - DEMETRIO GAMBOA v. SERAFIN GAMBOA

    068 Phil 304

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 45318   May 12, 1939 - JACINTO MESINA v. PETRA DELINO<br /><br />068 Phil 43

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 45318. May 12, 1939.]

    JACINTO MESINA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. PETRA DELINO, administratrix of the intestate of Angel Evangelista, Defendant-Appellee.

    C. V. Laput for Appellant.

    Jose D. Villena for Appellee.

    SYLLABUS


    1. DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION; CLAIMS AGAINST THE ESTATE OF A DECEASED; FORECLOSURE OF MORTGAGE. — Section 708 of the Code of Civil Procedure provides that a creditor holding a claim against the deceased, secured by mortgage or other collateral security has three remedies open to him: he may abandon the mortgage or security and file his claim with the committee appointed by the court in the testate or intestate proceedings; he may foreclose his mortgage or realize upon his security, by ordinary action in court, making the executor or administrator a party defendant, in which case, if there is a judgment for a deficiency, after the sale of the mortgaged premises, he may prove the same before the committee on claims; or he may rely upon his mortgage or other security alone, and foreclose the same at any time within the period of the statute of limitations, and in that event he shall not be admitted as a creditor, and shall receive no share in the distribution of the other assets of the estate.

    2. ID.; ID.; ID.; SALE OF REAL PROPERTY IN CUSTODIA LEGIS." — Pursuant to section 708, the plaintiff elected to foreclose his mortgage and it is logical that on the public sale of the mortgage property for failure of the defendant to pay the debt of the deceased within ninety days granted to her, the sale be effected under the provisions of section 257 of the said Code of Civil Procedure to the effect that the sale should be made in the manner and under the regulations that govern sales of real estate under execution. It matters not that the property was in custodia legis on the date of the sale, because the law allows in these cases that the officer of the court make the sale in the same manner that other properties are sold in satisfaction of a writ of execution issued in an ordinary case.


    D E C I S I O N


    IMPERIAL, J.:


    This appeal was taken by the plaintiff from the order of the Court of First Instance of Rizal of May 29, 1936, which sustained the motion for reconsideration filed by the defendant and set aside the order of April 18, 1936 approving the sale made by the sheriff of the parcel of land which is the subject matter of the foreclosure suit.

    On September 5, 1935, the plaintiff filed his amended complaint wherein it is alleged that the deceased Angel Evangelista, of whose properties the defendant is the judicial administratrix, executed in his favor on January 14, 1932, a deed of mortgage of the parcel of land described in transfer certificate of title No. 10657 of the registry of deeds of the Province of Rizal, to secure the sum of P500 which the said deceased owed and bound himself to pay to him in monthly installments of P50; that the deceased had paid on account of the indebtedness only the sum of P138.60, leaving a balance of P361.40 which, together with the stipulated penalty of P100, made a total of P461.40 which the defendant, as administratrix, had refused to pay notwithstanding the maturity of the obligation and the demand for its payment; with the prayer that judgment be rendered for the paid balance, and in case of failure to pay the same within the period fixed by law, that the mortgaged property be sold. After trial, the court on September 19, 1935 rendered a decision ordering the defendant, as administratrix of the intestate of the deceased, to pay the plaintiff within ninety days the sum of P209, and in default thereof, to sell the mortgaged property at public auction in accordance with law. The decision became final and the defendant did not make payment within the period fixed, whereupon, at the instance of the plaintiff, the judgment as executed and the sheriff sold the mortgaged property at public auction to the plaintiff, as the highest bidder, on April 4, 1936, for the sum of P240, aside from the expenses of publication and sheriff’s fees. This price is the same amount for which the real property was assessed. On April 6, 1936, the plaintiff moved for the approval of the sheriff’s sale and copy of the motion was served upon the attorney for the defendant together with the notice of the trial. On the 18th of the same month the court issued an order approving the sale on the ground that it was made in accordance with law and that there was no objection to its approval. On May 4, 1936 the defendant, represented by another counsel, filed a motion for reconsideration of the order approving the sale on the ground that it was illegal because the sheriff could not sell the mortgaged property which was in custodia legis. The plaintiff opposed this motion, but the court by another order of May 29th of the same year, granted the motion for reconsideration and set aside the order approving the sale on the ground that the mortgaged property was in custodia legis, wherefore, it could not be sold by the officer of the court in settlement of the amount of the judgment obtained by the plaintiff The latter appealed from this last older.

    The plaintiff-appellant attributes three errors to the appealed order, which can be resolved by a determination of whether a mortgaged real property, which is under judicial administration because of the death of its owner who is the mortgagor, may be sold at public auction by the sheriff in satisfaction of the judgment rendered in the foreclosure suit, notwithstanding the fact that the said property is thus in custodia legis.

    The court and the appellee were of the opinion that the legal question raised should be answered in the negative, and in the appealed order it is maintained that the mortgaged property, being in custodia legis, could not be sold at public auction to make good the amount of the judgment obtained by the plaintiff; and the appellee cites in support of this theory the ruling in Piliin v. Jocson and Agoncillo (41 Phil., 26).

    We hold that this conclusion of the court is not countenanced by section 708 of the Code of Civil Procedure and that the ruling in Piliin v. Jocson and Agoncillo, supra, has been erroneously invoked and applied. Said section provides that a creditor holding a claim against the deceased, secured by mortgage or other collateral security, has three remedies open to him: he may abandon the mortgage or security and file his claim with the committee appointed by the court in the testate or intestate proceedings; he may foreclose his mortgage or realize upon his security. by ordinary action in court, making the executor or administrator a party defendant, in which case, if there is a judgment for a deficiency, after the sale of the mortgaged premises, he may prove the same before the committee on claims; or he may rely upon his mortgage or other security alone, and foreclose the same at any time, within the period of the statute of limitations, and in that event he shall not be admitted as a creditor, and shall receive no share in the distribution of the other assets of the estate. Pursuant to section 708, the plaintiff elected to foreclose his mortgage and it is logical that on the public sale of the mortgaged property for failure of the defendant to pay the debt of the deceased within ninety days granted to her, the sale be effected under the provisions of section 257 of the said Code of Civil Procedure to the effect that the sale should be made in the manner and under the regulations that govern sales of real estate under execution. It matters not that the property sold was in custodia legis on the date of the sale, because the law allows in these cases that the officer of the court make the sale in the same manner that other properties are sold in satisfaction of a writ of execution issued in an ordinary case. The ruling in Piliin;vs. Jocson and Agoncillo, supra, cannot be applied to this case becomes it had to do with an ordinary sale made by the sheriff in execution of a judgment rendered in an ordinary case

    We find no merit in defendant’s insistence, based upon equity, that the order approving the sale be reversed. She contends that the land had a market value of P2,000 and that it is not fair for the sheriff to sell the same in payment of plaintiff’s credit which then amounted to P51 only. It is not true that the property was sold for this relatively insignificant amount; it was sold and adjudicated to the plaintiff for the sum of P240 which was the value of the property and its improvements according to the tax declaration made by the deceased himself. Moreover, the plaintiff defrayed the expenses of publication and the sheriff’s fees, and, finally, the price offered by him was the highest and most advantageous for the administration inasmuch as no better offer was made. If the defendant believed, as she alleges, that the property was worth more, she could have attended the public sale and offered a better price, or she could have redeemed the property by paying to the plaintiff the amount of the judgment. She neither did all this nor even objected to the approval of the sale when the court heard the motion filed by the plaintiff for this purpose.

    In view of the foregoing, the appealed order is reserved and the other confirming and approving the sheriff’s sale in put in full force, without special pronouncement as to the cost in this instance. So ordered.

    Avanceña, C.J., Villa-Real, Diaz, Laurel, Conception, and Moran, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 45318   May 12, 1939 - JACINTO MESINA v. PETRA DELINO<br /><br />068 Phil 43


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