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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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November-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 44260 November 2, 1938 - MONTE DE PIEDAD Y CAJA DE AHORROS DE MANILA v. MARIA PAZ MARCIANA GUIDOTE, ET AL.

    066 Phil 432

  • G.R. No. 46375 November 2, 1938 - GERONIMO SANTIAGO v. HERMENEGILDO ATIENZA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 436

  • G.R. No. 44372 November 3, 1938 - BENITO GARCIA v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    066 Phil 441

  • G.R. No. 44493 November 3, 1938 - MARIANO ANGELES v. ELENA SAMIA

    066 Phil 444

  • G.R. No. 46270 November 3, 1938 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CARLOS L. DE LA PEÑA

    066 Phil 451

  • G.R. No. 46085 November 4, 1938 - BULACAN BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ

    066 Phil 454

  • G.R. No. 44552 November 7, 1938 - ONG LIONG TIAK v. LUNETA MOTOR COMPANY, ET AL.

    066 Phil 459

  • G.R. No. 44634 November 9, 1938 - BALTAZAR ALUNEN, ET AL. v. TILAN

    066 Phil 463

  • G.R. No. 44778 November 9, 1938 - PROVINCE OF TAYABAS v. SIMEON PEREZ, ET AL.

    066 Phil 467

  • G.R. No. 44802 November 16, 1938 - FRANCISCO SABAS v. FRANCISCO GARMA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 471

  • G.R. No. 44843 November 17, 1938 - CARLOS YOUNG v. FRANCISCO M. BLANCO

    066 Phil 475

  • G.R. No. 44911 November 21, 1938 - ALEJANDRO IBARRA v. SEGUNDO AGUSTIN

    066 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 44257 November 22, 1938 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION, ET AL.

    066 Phil 483

  • G.R. No. 45792 November 22, 1938 - SWAN, CULBERTSON & FRITZ v. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, ET AL.

    066 Phil 525

  • G.R. No. 45046 November 23, 1938 - PEOPLES BANK & TRUST CO. v. MANUEL OLONDRIZ, ET AL.

    066 Phil 537

  • G.R. No. 44518 November 23, 1938 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. YU GUICOC LAM

    066 Phil 542

  • G.R. No. 44837 November 23, 1938 - SOCORRO LEDESMA, ET AL. v. CONCHITA MCLACHLIN, ET AL.

    066 Phil 547

  • G.R. No. 44974 November 23, 1938 - W.S. PRICE v. CEFERINO YBANES, ET AL.

    066 Phil 552

  • G.R. No. 45028 November 25, 1938 - MAXIMO ABARY, ET AL. v. FIDELINO AGAWIN

    066 Phil 558

  • G.R. No. 44671 November 26, 1938 - MACONDRAY & CO., INC. v. ANTONIO E. RUIZ, ET AL.

    066 Phil 562

  • G.R. No. 44774 November 26, 1938 - FIDELITY AND SURETY CO. OF THE PHIL. v. ANGEL A. ANSALDO, ET AL.

    066 Phil 566

  • G.R. No. 44834 November 26, 1938 - LA PREVISORA FILIPINA v. FELIX Z. LEDDA

    066 Phil 573

  • G.R. No. 44947 November 26, 1938 - ANTONIO LABRADOR, ET AL. v. EMILIANO DE LOS SANTOS, ET AL.

    066 Phil 579

  • G.R. No. 45040 November 26, 1938 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK v. JULIO TUGAB

    066 Phil 583

  • G.R. No. 45105 November 26, 1938 - MACONDRAY & CO., INC. v. MACARIO JOSE

    066 Phil 590

  • G.R. No. 44602 November 28, 1938 - MARIA CALMA v. ESPERANZA TAÑEDO, ET AL.

    066 Phil 594

  • G.R. No. 44606 November 28, 1938 - VICENTE STO. DOMINGO BERNARDO v. CATALINO BATACLAN

    066 Phil 598

  • G.R. No. 44683 November 28, 1938 - JOAQUIN NAVARRO v. FERNANDO AGUILA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 604

  • G.R. No. 45070 November 28, 1938 - CHIN GUAN v. COMPAÑIA MARITIMA

    066 Phil 608

  • G.R. No. 45260 November 28, 1938 - BARBARA ECHAVARRIA v. ROMAN SARMIENTO, ET AL.

    066 Phil 611

  • G.R. No. 46267 November 28, 1938 - FRANCISCO ZANDUETA v. SIXTO DE LA COSTA

    066 Phil 615

  • G.R. No. 44931 November 29, 1938 - FELIX BILANG v. ERLANGER & GALINGER, INC.

    066 Phil 627

  • G.R. No. 45169 November 29, 1938 - MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY v. PASAY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY

    066 Phil 630

  • G.R. No. 45344 November 29, 1938 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE P. ANCHETA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 638

  • G.R. No. 46040 November 29, 1938 - PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ

    066 Phil 645

  • G.R. No. 46133 November 29, 1938 - PLACIDO ROSAL v. DIONISIO FORONDA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 650

  • G.R. No. 46174 November 29, 1938 - PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ

    066 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 46262 November 29, 1938 - CINE LIGAYA v. ALEJO LABRADOR, ET AL.

    066 Phil 659

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    G.R. No. 46040   November 29, 1938 - PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ<br /><br />066 Phil 645

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 46040. November 29, 1938.]

    PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC., oppositor-appellant, v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ, applicant-appellee.

    [G.R. No. 46041. November 29, 1938.]

    PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC., oppositor-appellant, v. MARCELO DIAZ, applicant-appellee.

    L. D. Lockwood, for Appellant.

    Juan Nabong, for Appellees.

    SYLLABUS


    1. PUBLIC SERVICES; WAIVER OF RIGHTS GRANTED BY LAW; ILLEGALITY OF AN AGREEMENT STIPULATING THIS WAIVER BY A PUBLIC SERVICE COMPANY. — An agreement, entered into by the operator of a public land transportation service with a rival in the same business, whereby the former binds himself not to apply for the lifting of the restrictions imposed on his certificates of public need and convenience, is illegal and void, because it constitutes a waiver against public interest of right granted by law, and does not bind the Public Service Commission.


    D E C I S I O N


    VILLA-REAL, J.:


    These are two appeals taken by the oppositor, Pampanga Bus Company, Inc., from the decision of the Public Service Commission, rendered in cases Nos. 48802 (G. R. No. 46040) and 48795 (G. R. No. 46041), wherein Fernando Enriquez and Marcelo Diaz are the applicants, respectively, which were jointly heard, the pertinent dispositive part of which reads:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "In view of the foregoing facts, and considering that the public convenience will be subserved, the commission hereby overrules all the oppositions and proceeds to grant, as it hereby grants the lifting of the restrictions as prayed for in these applications. . . ."cralaw virtua1aw library

    In support of its appeal in case No. 48802, the appellant assigns the following errors allegedly committed by the Public Service Commission, to wit:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1. The Public Service Commission erred in ignoring and not giving any consideration, force or effect to the agreement of November 9, 1929, existing between the parties.

    "2. The Public Service Commission erred in failing to hold that the matter involved is res adjudicata, or to give any force and effect to the previous decision of the Public Service Commission affirmed by the Supreme Court on exactly the same question between the same parties, and in failing to grant opposition’s motion to dismiss the case on this ground.

    "3. The Public Service Commission erred in granting the application and lifting the restrictions in applicant’s certificate.

    "4. The Public Service Commission erred in changing the hours of the applicant and putting them immediately before those of the Pampanga Bus Company, Inc., without any notice, hearing, discussion by evidence on this point."cralaw virtua1aw library

    And in case No. 48795, the same appellant assigns this sole error allegedly committed by the said commission, namely:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "The Public Service Commission erred in granting the application and lifting or removing the restrictions in the certificate of applicant."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The principal question to decide in the two appeals is whether the Public Service Commission erred in ignoring and not giving any consideration, force or effect to the agreement dated November 9, 1929, entered into between the parties, of the following tenor:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Come now the undersigned attorneys and to this Honorable Commission respectfully state:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1. That Fernando Enriquez withdraws the three motions presented in the above-entitled case.

    "2. That Fernando Enriquez withdraws the three motions presented in the above-entitled case.

    "3. That the Pampanga Bus Company agrees to withdraw its opposition to the application of Fernando Enriquez for additional hours from Masantol to Manila with the right to pick up passengers in Masantol to Manila with the right to pick up passengers in Macabebe and Apalit.

    "4. That the Pampanga Bus Company agrees to permit Fernando Enriquez to carry passengers between Masantol and Macabebe and Calumpit on his regular trips on Tuesdays only.

    "5. That the Pampanga Bus Company agrees not to establish a direct service between Masantol and Manila or Masantol and Calumpit on Tuesdays.

    "6. That Fernando Enriquez agrees not to acquire any competing line of the Pampanga Bus Company."cralaw virtua1aw library

    In its appeal in G. R. No. 38695, Pampanga Bus Company v. Enriquez (58 Phil., 948), the herein oppositor and appellant raised the same legal question, and in passing thereon, this court said:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "We are of the opinion that such agreement cannot be interpreted as to deprive the Public Service Commission of the power conferred upon it by law to issue certificates of public convenience and to promulgate orders and regulations intended to supervise a public service the better to benefit and serve the public interests. To sustain the contention of the appellant would be to deprive the commission of said power. As we have said in the other case mentioned, the commission based the authority which it granted upon the necessity and convenience of many merchants who needed a fast and direct means of transportation permitting them to carry their goods to the public markets at the first hour in the morning. There is no good reason requiring us to reverse this finding as well as the appealed decision, just because in a former agreement the herein appellee had accepted his certificate of public convenience subject to the restrictions then imposed upon him. Beyond dispute is the power of the Public Service Commission to modify and alter its orders for the purpose of adapting the same to new situations and circumstances as long as the latter are reasonably supported by the evidence presented."cralaw virtua1aw library

    There is another reason not to give any force and legal effect to the said agreement, namely, that the certificates which the Public Service Commission issues to public service land transportation companies in order to carry out their business and styled "public need and convenience", are of the public interest because the purpose of their issuance is to promote the social and economic life of the people by enabling their activities in these fields to be carried out with utmost convenience, economy and promptness possible. It is of course the right of every land transportation operator to whom a certificate of public need and convenience has been issued, to establish his authorized transportation lines for his personal gain and benefit; but this right carries with it the corresponding duty to serve the public adequately and conveniently, by laying before the said commission what is necessary to comply with the said duty, should the means which he is authorized to utilize are no longer sufficient to serve commodiously, adequately and conveniently, the increasing number of passengers, and by applying for the necessary authority to improve his equipment, to extent his lines and to increase the hours of trip to his vehicles. The right which, under the law, the certificate of public need and convenience confers upon an operator of a public service land transportation company is so intimately connected with the public interest that its exercise, according as it is adequate or not, may contribute to the social and economic welfare of the community or cause mischief. As a general rule, the rights granted by law are waivable, unless such waiver is against public interest (art. 4, Civil Code), in which case it cannot be done, and if done, will be void. The waiver made by Fernando Enriquez, in the aforesaid agreement, of his right to ask for the lifting of the restrictions imposed in his right to ask for the lifting of the restrictions imposed in his certificates of public need and convenience is illegal and void because contrary to public interest.

    The Public Service Commission, therefore, did not commit any error of law in not giving force and effect to the aforesaid agreement.

    With respect to the other assignments of error, this court has already repeatedly held that when there is evidence of record reasonably supporting the findings of fact made by the Public Service Commission in its decision, this court will not interfere with and alter the same. (Javellana v. La Paz Ice Plant and Cold Storage Co., 35 Off. Gaz., 1756; Aleosan Transportation Co. v. Public Service Commission, 35 Off. Gaz., 2080; Ampil v. Public Service Commission, 59 Phil., 556; Manila Electric Company v. Balagtas, 58 Phil., 429; Calabia v. Orlanes & Banaag Transportation Co., 55 Phil., 659; San Miguel Brewery v. Lapid, 53 Phil., 539; Philippine Shipowners’ Association v. Public Utility Commission, 51 Phil., 957; Philippine Shipowners’ Association v. Public Utility Commissioner and Board of Appeal, 43 Phil., 328; Gilles v. Halili and Public Service Commission, 38 Off. Gaz., 1988; G. R. No. 45398; Bulacan Bus Company v. Enriquez, G. R. Nos. 46085 and 46086, promulgated on November 4, 1938.)

    In view of the foregoing considerations, we are of the opinion and so hold that an agreement, entered into by the operator of a public land transportation service with a rival in the same business, whereby the former binds himself not to apply for the lifting of the restrictions imposed on his certificates of public need and convenience, is illegal and void, because it constitutes a waiver against public interest of a right granted by law, and does not bind the Public Service Commission.

    Wherefore, finding no error in the appealed decision, the same is affirmed in all respects, with the costs to the appellant. So ordered.

    Avanceña, C.J., Imperial, Diaz, Laurel and Concepcion, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 46040   November 29, 1938 - PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ<br /><br />066 Phil 645


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