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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
September-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 46562 September 13, 1939 - BARDWIL BROS. v. PHIL. LABOR UNION

    068 Phil 436

  • G.R. No. 46673 September 13, 1939 - ANDRES P. GOSECO v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    068 Phil 444

  • G.R. No. 45596 September 18, 1939 - MARCOS LIPANA v. DOMlNGO LAO Y OTROS

    068 Phil 451

  • G.R. No. 46412 September 18, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANOJI

    068 Phil 471

  • G.R. No. 46497 September 18, 1939 - ANTONIO S. SANAGUSTIN v. CONRADO BARRIOS

    068 Phil 475

  • G.R. No. 46170 September 20, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERMIN PUNTO

    068 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 46780 September 20, 1939 - FISCAL OF CAMARINES NORTE v. JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF CAMARINES NORTE

    068 Phil 483

  • G.R. No. 46108 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DATU GALANTU MEDTED

    068 Phil 485

  • G.R. No. 46109 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NICOLAS CARPIO

    068 Phil 490

  • G.R. No. 46197 September 22, 1939 - KINKWA MERIYASU CO. v. COLLECTOR OF CUSTOMS

    068 Phil 501

  • G.R. No. 46302 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TORIBIO C. COSTES

    068 Phil 503

  • G.R. No. 46578 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANICETO MARQUEZ

    068 Phil 506

  • G.R. No. 46580 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO DE GUZMAN

    068 Phil 508

  • G.R. No. 46602 September 22, 1939 - YAP TAK WING & CO. v. MUNICIPAL BOARD

    068 Phil 511

  • G.R. No. 46686 September 22, 1939 - TRANQUILINO RUBIS v. PHILIPPINE CHARITY SWEEPSTAKES

    068 Phil 515

  • G.R. No. 46715 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EMILIO DE JESUS

    068 Phil 517

  • G.R. No. 46068 September 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EUSTAQUIO CAROZ

    068 Phil 521

  • G.R. No. 46650 September 23, 1939 - MARIO BENGZON v. AUDITOR GENERAL

    068 Phil 527

  • G.R. No. 46652 September 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CASIMIRO CONCEPCION

    068 Phil 530

  • G.R. Nos. 46802-46812 September 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RESURRECCION B. PEÑAS

    068 Phil 533

  • G.R. No. 46739 September 23, 1939 - PAMPANGA BUS CO., INC. v. PAMBUSCO EMPLOYEES UNION

    068 Phil 541

  • G.R. No. 46668 September 26, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. PAMPANGA SUGAR MILLS

    068 Phil 547

  • G.R. No. 46729 September 25, 1939 - KAPISANAN NG MGA MANGAGAWA SA PANTRANCO v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    068 Phil 552

  • Adm. Case No. 879 September 27, 1939 - PEDRO DE GUZMAN v. TOMAS B. TADEO

    068 Phil 554

  • G.R. No. 46080 September 27, 1939 - GUILLERMO A. CU UNJIENG v. HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORP.

    068 Phil 559

  • G.R. No. 46094 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERNANDO C. QUEBRAL

    068 Phil 564

  • G.R. No. 46237 September 27, 1939 - ROSALIO MARQUEZ v. BERNARDO CASTILLO

    068 Phil 568

  • G.R. No. 46350 September 27, 1939 - TAN CHAY v. GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 572

  • G.R. No. 46470 September 27, 1939 - JUAN CASTILLO v. DIRECTOR OF LANDS

    068 Phil 577

  • G.R. No. 46539 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VALENTIN DOQUEÑA

    068 Phil 580

  • G.R. Nos. 46553-46555 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEON FABILLAR

    068 Phil 584

  • G.R. No. 46615 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO AQUINO

    068 Phil 588

  • G.R. No. 46727 September 27, 1939 - PAMBUSCO EMPLOYEES’ UNION v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    068 Phil 591

  • G.R. No. 46168 September 29, 1939 - INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER CO. OF THE PHIL. v. DELFIN MAHINAY

    068 Phil 597

  • G.R. No. 46336 September 29, 1939 - REVEREND ULRIC ARCAND v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 601

  • G.R. No. 46458 September 29, 1939 - ERLANGER & GALINGER v. HERMENEGILDO G. ALAGAR

    068 Phil 610

  • G.R. No. 46725 September 29, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAXIMINO AQUINO

    068 Phil 615

  • G.R. No. 46023 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESUS FLORENDO

    068 Phil 619

  • G.R. No. 46252 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEONOR DE MOLL

    068 Phil 626

  • G.R. No. 46298 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DATU AMBIS

    068 Phil 635

  • G.R. No. 46390 September 30, 1939 - CASIMIRO TIANGCO v. PROCESO FRANCISCO

    068 Phil 639

  • G.R. No. 46396 September 30, 1939 - ALEJANDRO DE GUZMAN v. VISAYAN RAPID TRANSIT CO.

    068 Phil 643

  • G.R. No. 46451 September 30, 1939 - PAZ CHUA v. SECRETARY OF LABOR

    068 Phil 649

  • G.R. No. 46484 September 30, 1939 - SANTIAGO SAMBRANO v. RED LINE TRANSPORTATION CO., INC.

    068 Phil 652

  • G.R. No. 46724 September 30, 1939 - CRESCENCIO REYNES v. ROSALINA BARRERA

    068 Phil 656

  • G.R. No. 46728 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDUARDO MONTENEGRO

    068 Phil 659

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 46170   September 20, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERMIN PUNTO<br /><br />068 Phil 481

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 46170. September 20, 1939.]

    THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FERMIN PUNTO, Defendant-Appellant.

    Estanislao B. Alinea for Appellant.

    Solicitor-General Ozaeta and Acting Assistant Attorney Garcia Bautista for Appellee.

    SYLLABUS


    CRIMINAL AND PROCEDURE; CONSTITUTIONALITY OF ARTICLE 195 OF THE REVISED PENAL CODE, AS AMENDED BY COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 236; CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT. — The appellant challenges the constitutionality of Commonwealth Act No. 235, amendatory to article 195 of the Revised Penal Code on the ground that the penalty is cruel and unusual (par. 18, Sec. 1, art. III). The challenge is trivial. The punishment provided, far from being cruel and unusual, is motivated by a wholesome purpose, namely, to effectuate early repression of on evil that, in the opinion of the Legislature, undermines the social, moral, and economic growth of the nation, and is best calculated to answer the ends of precaution necessary to deter others from the commission of like offenses, . . ." (Jackson v. U. S. [C. C. A., Alaska, 1900], 102 Fed., 473, 488.)


    D E C I S I O N


    LAUREL, J.:


    The accused was prosecuted in the Court of First Instance of Laguna for a violation of article 195 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended by Commonwealth Act No. 235, upon the following information:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Que en o hacia el 12 de octubre de 1937, en el barrio de Sto. Angel del municipio de San Pablo, Provincia de Laguna, Commonwealth de Filipinas, y dentro de la jurisdiccion de este Juzgado, el acusado arriba nombrado, voluntaria, ilegal y criminalmente, a sabiendas y sin motivo legitimo, tenia en su poder y bajo su posesion y control efectos relacionados con el juego de azar denominado jueteng, consistentes en varios papelitos de jueteng, un lapiz y la suma de P0.91 en efectivo, los cuales efectos fueron encontrados por los agentes de la autoridad en poder de dicho acusado quien, antes de la referida fecha, ya habia sido convicto y condenado de igual infraccion por el Juzgado de Paz de dicho municipio de San Pablo, el 3 de agosto de 1932."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The accused pleaded guilty and was sentenced by the lower court to an indeterminate penalty of from four months of arresto mayor to two years, eleven months and eleven days of prision correccional, with the accessories of the law, and to pay the costs. The amount of P0.91 and the jueteng paraphernalia found in the possession of the defendant were declared forfeited to the Government.

    The appellant challenges the constitutionality of Commonwealth Act No. 236, amendatory to article 195 of the Revised Penal Code on the ground that the penalty is cruel and unusual (par. 18, sec. 1, art. III). The challenge is trivial. The punishment provided, far from being cruel and unusual, is motivated by a wholesome purpose, namely, to effectuate early repression of an evil that, in the opinion of the Legislature, undermines the social, moral, and economic growth of the nation, and is." . . best calculated to answer the ends of precaution necessary to deter others from the commission of like offenses, . . .’’ (Jackson v. U. S. [C. C. A., Alaska, 1900], 102 Fed., 473, 488).

    The penalty for the violation charged is prision correccional in its medium degree. There being present the aggravating circumstance of recidivism, which is offset by the mitigating circumstance of plea of guilty, the prescribed penalty should be imposed in its medium period, that is, from two years, eleven months, and eleven days to three years, six months, and twenty days of prision correccional. The maximum penalty imposed by the court is, therefore, within the prescribed range.

    Pursuant to the Indeterminate Sentence Law, as amended, the appellant may be sentenced to a minimum penalty of prision correccional in its minimum degree (People v. Haloot, 37 Off. Gaz., 2901; People v. Bernardino, 36 Off. Gaz., 1531; People v. Co Pao, 58 Phil., .545; and others) which, under the circumstances of the case, should also be imposed in its medium period, or from one year, one month, and eleven days to one year, eight months, and twenty days. Hence, the minimum penalty imposed by the trial court is below the proper range and should, therefore, be increased to one year, one month and eleven days of prision correccional.

    As thus modified, the sentence is affirmed in all respects, with costs against the appellant. So ordered.

    Avanceña, C.J., Villa-Real, Imperial, Diaz, Concepcion, and Moran, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 46170   September 20, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERMIN PUNTO<br /><br />068 Phil 481


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