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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
November-1941 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 48348 November 1, 1941 - AQUINO DEL ROSARIO v. BENGUET CONSOLIDATED MINING COMPANY, ET AL.

    073 Phil 371

  • G.R. No. 48524 November 1, 1941 - MANILA HOTEL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION v. MANILA HOTEL COMPANY, ET AL.

    073 Phil 374

  • G.R. No. 48662 November 6, 1941 - JESUS B. LAVA v. JOSE LOPEZ VITO, ET AL.

    073 Phil 390

  • G.R. No. 48306 November 7, 1941 - PEDRO L. GALANG v. P. M. ENDENCIA, ET AL.

    073 Phil 399

  • G.R. No. 48415 November 7, 1941 - INTERNATIONAL OIL FACTORY v. NATIONAL LABOR UNION, INC., ET AL.

    073 Phil 401

  • G.R. No. 48458 November 7, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FIDEL FORTUNO

    073 Phil 407

  • G.R. No. 48683 November 8, 1941 - GERONIMO SANTIAGO v. FAR EASTERN BROADCASTING

    073 Phil 408

  • G.R. No. 48183 November 10, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO A. SCHNECKENBURGER, ET AL.

    073 Phil 413

  • G.R. No. 48456 November 12, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. NGO CHAY

    073 Phil 418

  • G.R. No. 47813 November 18, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. SIMEON ANTONIO

    073 Phil 421

  • G.R. No. 48320 November 18, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. JUAN CACHERO

    073 Phil 426

  • G.R. No. 48459 November 18, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. FIDEL FORTUNO

    073 Phil 429

  • G.R. No. 47805 November 19, 1941 - CONCEPCION PIÑON v. CONSUELO ZAFRA, ET AL.

    073 Phil 431

  • G.R. No. 48101 November 22, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE NABORA

    073 Phil 434

  • G.R. No. 48123 November 22, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. ANACLETO VINEDA

    073 Phil 436

  • G.R. No. 48395 November 22, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. ALEJANDRO ENCARNACION

    073 Phil 442

  • G.R. No. 48554 November 22, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. BILAANS S. SUNI

    073 Phil 445

  • G.R. No. 47688 November 24, 1941 - BASILIA CABRERA v. PHILIPPINE EDUCATION CO., INC.

    073 Phil 448

  • G.R. No. 47988 November 24, 1941 - H. S. FENWICK v. JOAQUlN PARDO DE TAVERA

    073 Phil 452

  • G.R. No. 48641 November 24, 1941 - PEDRO GALLEGO v. VICENTE VERRA

    073 Phil 453

  • G.R. No. 47887 November 25, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. CARMEN DE UMALI

    073 Phil 460

  • G.R. No. 48125 November 25, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. FELIX CABADDU

    073 Phil 462

  • G.R. No. 47357 November 26, 1941 - SALVADOR E. IMPERIAL v. CHINA INSURANCE & SURETY COMPANY, INC., ET AL.

    073 Phil 466

  • G.R. No. 47775 November 26, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANASTACIO FIGUEROA

    073 Phil 473

  • G.R. No. 47976 November 26, 1941 - A. P. SEVA Y OTROS v. PABLO S. RIVERA

    073 Phil 477

  • G.R. No. 48215 November 26, 1941 - PARSONS HARDWARE CO. v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, ET AL.

    073 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 48754 November 26, 1941 - EMILIO V. REYES v. APOLONIO R. DIAZ

    073 Phil 484

  • G.R. No. 47804 November 27, 1941 - JUAN CASTILLO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    073 Phil 489

  • G.R. No. 48147 November 27, 1941 - CLARO CASTRO, ET AL. v. ROSENDO REYES

    073 Phil 492

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 48101   November 22, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE NABORA<br /><br />073 Phil 434

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 48101. November 22, 1941.]

    THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. VICENTE NABORA, Defendant-Appellant.

    SYLLABUS


    1. CRIMINAL LAW; HOMICIDE; PROVOCATION AS MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCE, WHEN CONSIDERED. — The provocation, to constitute a mitigating circumstance, must, in the language of the law, be "sufficient", that is, adequate to excite the person to commit the wrong and must accordingly be proportionate to its gravity.


    D E C I S I O N


    MORAN, J.:


    On the night of December 3, 1940, while the accused Vicente Nabora was taking a walk along the new Luneta, the deceased Domingo de Vera met him near the site of the flagpole and pointing his finger at him (accused) asked him what he was doing there and then said: "Don’t you know we are watching for honeymooners here" ? Provoked by the attitude of the deceased, the accused drew out his knife and stabbed the deceased on the abdomen and on the other parts of the body which caused the latter his instant death. An information for homicide was filed against the accused wherein it was alleged that he is a "recidivist, he having been previously convicted three times of physical injuries" and "punished once of robbery, three times of theft, and twice of illegal possession of a deadly weapon, by virtue of final judgments of competent courts." Defendant pleaded guilty to the charge and was allowed to testify on mitigating circumstances in his favor. The trial court then sentenced him to an indeterminate penalty of from 10 years and 1 day of prision mayor to 17 years, 4 months and 1 day of reclusion temporal and to pay the heirs of the deceased an indemnity of P2,000, without subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency. This judgment is now sought to be reviewed in this appeal.

    By defendant’s plea of guilty, he admits the aggravating circumstances of recidivism and reiteracion alleged in the information. In partial offset, he is entitled to one mitigating circumstance — voluntary plea of guilty. His claim to another mitigating circumstance — that of sufficient provocation on the part of the deceased — cannot be sustained. The provocation, to constitute a mitigating circumstance, must, in the language of the law, be "sufficient", that is, adequate to excite the person to commit the wrong and must accordingly be proportionate to its gravity. In the instant case, it can hardly be said that the acts of the deceased in pointing his finger at the defendant and uttering the question aforementioned constitute a sufficient cause for him to draw out his knife and kill the deceased.

    Appellant is accordingly sentenced to an indeterminate penalty of not less than 10 years and 1 day of prision mayor and not more than 18 years of reclusion temporal, and in all other respects, the judgment is affirmed, with costs against Appellant.

    Avanceña, C.J., Abad Santos, Diaz and Horrilleno, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 48101   November 22, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE NABORA<br /><br />073 Phil 434


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