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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
August-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-1261 August 2, 1949 - CATALINA OSMEÑA DE VALENCIA, ET AL. v. EMILIA RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

    084 Phil 222

  • G.R. No. L-3059 August 2, 1949 - VICENTE G. CRUZ, ET AL. v. PLACIDO RAMOS, ET AL.

    084 Phil 226

  • G.R. No. L-1494 August 3, 1949 - ALLISON J. GIBBS v. EULOGIO RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

    084 Phil 230

  • G.R. No. L-1514 August 5, 1949 - BONIFACIO VILLAREAL v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    084 Phil 264

  • G.R. No. L-1826 August 5, 1949 - JOSE L. GOMEZ, ET AL. v. MIGUELA TABIA

    084 Phil 269

  • G.R. No. L-48346 August 9, 1949 - DESTILERIA C. AYALA, INC. v. LIGA NACIONAL OBRERA DE FILIPINAS, ET AL

    084 Phil 280

  • G.R. No. L-1438 August 11, 1949 - SOCORRO C. VDA. DE ARANETA v. REHABILITATION FINANCE CORP.

    084 Phil 282

  • G.R. No. L-1935 August 11, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELADIO BALOTOL

    084 Phil 289

  • G.R. No. L-2062 August 11, 1949 - JESUS B. LOPEZ v. RAFAEL DINGLASAN, ET AL.

    084 Phil 292

  • G.R. No. L-1367 August 16, 1949 - PIO PORTEA v. JACINTO PABELLON, ET AL.

    084 Phil 298

  • G.R. No. L-1892 August 16, 1949 - JACINTO NOTOR v. RAMON MARTINEZ, ET AL.

    084 Phil 300

  • G.R. No. L-1956 August 16, 1949 - LETICIA H. CALDERA, ET AL. v. EUSEBIO BALCUEBA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 304

  • G.R. No. L-3025 August 16, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ILDEFONSO DE CASTRO, JR.

    084 Phil 306

  • G.R. No. L-1648 August 17, 1949 - PEDRO SYQUIA, ET AL. v. NATIVIDAD ALMEDA LOPEZ

    084 Phil 312

  • G.R. No. L-1029 August 23, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REYNALDO L. RAMOS

    084 Phil 326

  • G.R. No. L-2016 August 23, 1949 - RICHARD THOMAS FITZSIMMONS v. ATLANTIC, GULF & PACIFIC CO. OF MLA.

    084 Phil 330

  • G.R. No. L-2035 August 23, 1949 - ANGELITA V. VILLANUEVA, ET AL. v. DIRECTOR OF POSTS

    084 Phil 350

  • G.R. No. L-1761 August 24, 1949 - IN RE: JOSE LEELIN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    084 Phil 352

  • G.R. No. L-1544 August 25, 1949 - F. V. LARRAGA, ET AL. v. EULOGIA B. BAÑEZ, ET AL.

    084 Phil 354

  • G.R. No. L-2766 August 25, 1949 - PABLO P. ROBATON v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    084 Phil 357

  • G.R. No. L-2828 August 25, 1949 - JOAQUIN GOZUN, ET AL. v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL, ET AL.

    084 Phil 359

  • G.R. No. L-1760 August 26, 1949 - MARIA MOLATO, ET AL. v. CELEDONIA ARCOS, ET AL.

    084 Phil 361

  • G.R. No. L-2372 August 26, 1949 - INT’L. HARVESTER CO. OF THE PHIL. v. CRISANTO ARAGON, ET AL.

    084 Phil 363

  • G.R. No. L-2044 August 26, 1949 - J. ANTONIO ARANETA v. RAFAEL DINGLASAN, ET AL.

    084 Phil 368

  • G.R. No. L-1617 August 29, 1949 - PANFILO B. MORALES, ET AL. v. OSCAR VENTANILLA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 459

  • G.R. Nos. L-1625 & L-1626 August 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LORENZO PINEDA

    084 Phil 465

  • G.R. No. L-1563 August 30, 1949 - IN RE: JOSE GO v. ANTI-CHINESE LEAGUE OF THE PHIL.

    084 Phil 468

  • G.R. No. L-1542 August 30, 1949 - JOSE CRISTOBAL v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    084 Phil 473

  • G.R. No. L-1485 August 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PABLO DESLATE

    084 Phil 479

  • G.R. No. L-1442 August 30, 1949 - MIGUEL R. MATEO v. PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

    084 Phil 482

  • G.R. No. L-2166 August 30, 1949 - ESTRELLA LEDESMA v. EDUARDO ENRIQUEZ

    084 Phil 483

  • G.R. No. L-2452 August 30, 1949 - LORENZO LLAMOSO v. VICENTE FERRER, ET AL.

    084 Phil 489

  • G.R. No. L-2894 August 30, 1949 - BUCRA CORP. v. HIGINO B. MACADAEG. ET AL.

    084 Phil 493

  • G.R. No. L-3063 August 30, 1949 - MACARIO QUINTERO, ET AL. v. FELIX MARTINEZ, ET AL.

    084 Phil 496

  • G.R. No. L-3226 August 30, 1949 - DOMINADOR S. PONGOS v. HIDALGO ENTERPRISES, INC., ET AL.

    084 Phil 499

  • G.R. No. L-1358 August 31, 1949 - MARIETA J. ROTEA, ET AL. v. LEVY HERMANOS, INC., ET AL.

    084 Phil 502

  • G.R. No. L-1827 August 31, 1949 - ALFREDO CATOLICO v. IRINEO RANJO, ET AL.

    084 Phil 505

  • G.R. No. L-2262 August 31, 1949 - FLORENTINA ZAFRA VDA. DE VALENZUELA v. BERNABE DE AQUINO, ET AL.

    084 Phil 507

  • G.R. No. L-2345 August 31, 1949 - SEGUNDO AGUSTIN, ET AL. v. MANUEL DE LA FUENTE

    084 Phil 515

  • G.R. No. L-2480 August 31, 1949 - FLORENTINA ZAFRA VDA. DE VALENZUELA v. IRENE ZAFRA DE AGUILAR

    084 Phil 518

  • G.R. No. L-2754 August 31, 1949 - FIDEL ABRIOL v. VICENTE HOMERES

    084 Phil 525

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-1358   August 31, 1949 - MARIETA J. ROTEA, ET AL. v. LEVY HERMANOS, INC., ET AL. <br /><br />084 Phil 502

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-1358. August 31, 1949.]

    MARIETA J. ROTEA and SANTIAGO ROTEA, Petitioners-Appellants, v. LEVY HERMANOS, INC., ET AL., Claimants-Appellees.

    Ezpeleta & Ezpeleta for Appellants.

    Feliciano Jover Ledesma for appellee Levy Hermanos, Inc.

    Ramirez & Ortigas for appellee Oceanic Commercial, Inc. (Levy & Blum, Inc.)

    SYLLABUS


    1. INSOLVENCY; APPEAL; WHEN AN APPEAL TAKEN IN INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS MAY NOT BE ENTERTAINED. — When the appeal taken in an insolvency proceedings is not based on any of those cases specifically mentioned in section 82 of the Insolvency Law, it may not be entertained.


    D E C I S I O N


    BENGZON, J.:


    On August 6, 1943, Marieta J. Rotea and her husband Santiago Rotea applied for voluntary insolvency in the Court of First Instance of Manila.

    On October 27, 1943, the court by an order subsequently amended, granted the petition, ordered the sheriff of Manila to take possession of and safely keep, until the appointment of an assignee, all the goods, papers, books of account, and all real and personal property of the debtors, except such as may be exempt from execution. It set December 11, 1943 as the day for the meeting of the creditors of the insolvent for the election of an assignee.

    On the above designated day no creditors attended the meeting and no assignee was elected.

    Upon motion of some creditors the court designated the Bank of the Philippine Islands as the assignee; but this institution declined the appointment for reasons which need not be mentioned. And so far as the record shows no assignee has up to this time qualified.

    In the meantime certain creditors either filed their claims or joined the proceedings, namely, the Finance and Investment Corporation, the Ipekdjian Brothers, Inc., the Agricultural and Industrial Bank, the Levy Hermanos, Inc., and the Levy & Blum, Inc.

    About the end of the year 1944, the insolvents, allegedly by "dint of hard work and through the help of relatives," acquired funds sufficient to cover their full indebtedness and made tender of payment. The first three creditors received the money. The last two refused payment. Wherefore the debtors purchased two manager’s checks of the Philippine National Bank payable to the said two creditors in the amount of their credits and deposited such checks with the clerk of the Court of First Instance of Manila. That was on January 2, 1945. At the same time the debtors petitioned the court to order the said two creditors to collect and receive from the clerk their respective manager’s checks in satisfaction of their claims. As the motion was not acted upon until January 22, 1945, the debtors with the permission of the court withdrew the checks from the clerk, cashed them and deposited the proceeds with the sheriff on the theory that he was acting in the place of the assignee who had not yet been selected.

    Thereafter liberation came.

    On October 31, 1946, the insolvent debtors submitted a petition for the arrest and final dismissal of the insolvency proceedings, because "with the full payment of three creditors mentioned in the schedule" and the payment to the sheriff of the claims of those who rejected the amounts tendered, all the credits against the petitioners had become fully paid, and there was no longer any necessity for the continuation of the insolvency proceedings, Levy Hermanos, Inc. and Levy & Blum, Inc. opposed the petition, which was consequently denied by Judge Emilio Peña on December 27, 1946.

    The petitioners appealed.

    This appeal may not be entertained. In the first place, the petition for dismissal of the proceedings was filed under section 81 of the Insolvency Law which clearly says that "if no creditor files written objections" the court may grant the application.

    In the second place, the statute specifically mentions the cases in which appeal may be taken (Sec. 82), namely:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1. From an order granting or refusing an adjudication of insolvency and, in the latter case, from the order fixing the amount of costs, expenses, damages, and attorney’s fees allowed the debtor.

    "2. From an order made at the hearing of any account of an, assignee, allowing or rejecting a creditor’s claim in whole or in part, when the amount in dispute exceeds three hundred pesos.

    "3. From an order allowing or denying a claim for property not belonging to the insolvent, presented under section forty-eight of this Act.

    "4. From an order settling an account of an assignee.

    "5. From an order against or in favor of setting apart homestead or other property claimed as exempt from execution.

    "6. From an order granting or refusing a discharge to the debtor."cralaw virtua1aw library

    This appeal does not fall within any of the above classes. It may not be contended that it is an appeal from an order refusing a discharge; because the petition was specifically made under section 81 of the Insolvency Law, and because upon a petition for discharge (secs. 64-69 of the insolvency) other issues might be involved.

    With the dismissal of this appeal, the insolvency proceedings will proceed in accordance with law. So ordered.

    Moran, C.J., Ozaeta, Paras, Feria, Padilla, Tuason, Montemayor, Reyes and Torres, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-1358   August 31, 1949 - MARIETA J. ROTEA, ET AL. v. LEVY HERMANOS, INC., ET AL. <br /><br />084 Phil 502


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