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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
December-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-2502 December 1, 1949 - PROVINCIAL FISCAL OF ILOCOS NORTE v. CEFERINO DE LOS SANTOS, ET AL

    085 Phil 77

  • G.R. No. L-2836 December 6, 1949 - ENGRACIA G. DE PONCE v. ALICIA VASQUEZ SAGARIO, ET AL

    085 Phil 79

  • G.R. No. L-2466 December 7, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO TUAZON

    085 Phil 85

  • G.R. No. L-2580 December 7, 1949 - PABLO RICOHERMOSO v. JUAN P. ENRIQUEZ, ET AL

    085 Phil 88

  • G.R. No. L-2593 December 7, 1949 - FELIX AZOTES v. MANUEL BLANCO, ET AL

    085 Phil 90

  • G.R. No. L-2652 December 7, 1949 - JULIA LORENZO, ET AL v. MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF NAIC, ET AL

    085 Phil 92

  • G.R. No. L-2758 December 7, 1949 - CLARO J. GIL, ET AL v. F. IMPERIAL REYES, ET AL

    085 Phil 97

  • G.R. No. L-3452 December 7, 1949 - NACIONALISTA PARTY v. FELIX ANGELO BAUTISTA

    085 Phil 101

  • G.R. No. L-3474 December 7, 1949 - NACIONALISTA PARTY v. VICENTE DE VERA

    085 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. L-2354 December 13, 1949 - ALFONSO ARANETA v. MARTA CUI VDA. DE SANSON

    085 Phil 142

  • G.R. No. L-2672 December 13, 1949 - UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS v. BUENAVENTURA OCAMPO, ET AL

    085 Phil 144

  • G.R. No. L-3521 December 13, 1949 - NACIONALISTA PARTY ET AL. v. COMELEC

    085 Phil 149

  • G.R. No. L-2722 December 15, 1949 - NICOLAS LIZARES & CO. v. BIENVENIDO TAN

    085 Phil 159

  • G.R. No. L-2802 December 23, 1949 - ROSA PASCUAL, ET AL v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN, ET AL

    085 Phil 164

  • G.R. No. L-2936 December 23, 1949 - TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL CO. v. VICTORY EMPLOYEES, ET AL

    085 Phil 166

  • G.R. No. L-867 December 29, 1949 - ANTONIO DEL ROSARIO ET AL. v. CARLOS SANDICO ET AL.

    085 Phil 170

  • G.R. No. L-1349 December 29, 1949 - H. D. KNEEDLER v. SIMON PATERNO

    085 Phil 183

  • G.R. No. L-1773 December 29, 1949 - ALEJANDRO ANDRES, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    085 Phil 192

  • G.R. No. L-1811 December 29, 1949 - GREGORIO BALVERAN, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS

    085 Phil 199

  • G.R. No. L-1877 December 29, 1949 - H. P. HOSKYNS v. NAT’L. CITY BANK OF NEW YORK

    085 Phil 201

  • G.R. No. L-1965 December 29, 1949 - EDUARDO OSORIO v. MARINA OSORIO

    085 Phil 209

  • G.R. No. L-2020 December 29, 1949 - LA ORDEN DE PADRES BENEDICTINOS DE FILIPINAS v. PHIL. TRUST CO.

    085 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. L-2360 December 29, 1949 - GAVINO ALDAMIZ v. JUDGE OF THE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF MINDORO, ET AL

    085 Phil 228

  • G.R. No. L-2404 December 29, 1949 - FABIAN B. S. ABELLERA v. FELICIANO GARCIA

    085 Phil 237

  • G.R. No. L-2634 December 29, 1949 - PACIFIC IMPORTING & EXPORTING CO. v. CATALINO TINIO, ET AL

    085 Phil 239

  • G.R. No. L-2570 December 29, 1949 - BACHRACH MOTOR CO. v. RURAL TRANSIT EMPLOYEES’ ASSO.

    085 Phil 242

  • G.R. No. L-2678 December 29, 1949 - ANTONIO C. ARAGON v. MARCOS JORGE

    085 Phil 246

  • G.R. No. L-2717 December 29, 1949 - IRINEO FACUNDO v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN ET AL.

    085 Phil 249

  • G.R. No. L-2752 December 29, 1949 - URBANO OLAVARIO ET AL. v. JUAN T. VILLANUEVA

    085 Phil 254

  • G.R. No. L-2842 December 29, 1949 - JOSE T. VALMONTE, ET AL v. MARIANO NABLE, ET AL

    085 Phil 256

  • G.R. No. L-2850 December 29, 1949 - ONG KIM PAN, ET AL v. FRANCISCO GERONIMO, ET AL

    085 Phil 261

  • G.R. No. L-2942 December 29, 1949 - SILVESTRA COQUIA, ET AL v. RODOLFO BALTAZAR, ET AL

    085 Phil 265

  • G.R. No. L-3039 December 29, 1949 - VICTORIO REYNOSO, ET AL v. VICENTE SANTIAGO, ET AL

    085 Phil 268

  • G.R. No. L-3261 December 29, 1949 - HECTOR G. PALILEO v. FRED RUIZ CASTRO, ET AL

    085 Phil 272

  • G.R. No. L-2529 December 31, 1949 - J. A. SISON v. BOARD OF ACCOUNTANCY, EZT AL

    085 Phil 276

  • G.R. No. L-2720 December 31, 1949 - HEMANDAS UDHARAM v. RAFAEL DINGLASAN

    085 Phil 284

  • G.R. No. L-2893 December 31, 1949 - AGRIPINO JIMINEZ, ET AL v. EUSEBIO F. RAMOS

    085 Phil 286

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-2936   December 23, 1949 - TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL CO. v. VICTORY EMPLOYEES, ET AL<br /><br />085 Phil 166

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-2936. December 23, 1949.]

    TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL COMPANY, Petitioner, v. VICTORY EMPLOYEES AND LABORERS’ ASSOCIATION and ARSENIO C. ROLDAN, MODESTO CASTILLO, JOSE S. BAUTISTA, and JUAN L. LANTING, Judges of Court of Industrial Relations, Respondents.

    S. D. Carpio for Petitioner.

    Juan R. Maralit and Paciano C. Villavieja for respondent Judges.

    Baltazar M. Villanueva for respondent Victory Employees’ and Laborers’ Association.

    SYLLABUS


    1. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS; POWER TO REDUCE EXCESSIVE PUNISHMENT OF EMPLOYEES WITH CONDITIONS; CASE AT BAR. — Under the circumstances of this case, the Court of Industrial Relations did not of a discharged employee subject to certain conditions and limitations.


    D E C I S I O N


    REYES, J.:


    On July 15, 1948, Guillermo Bautista was discharged from his position as checker in the Tide Water Associated Oil Co., and there being then pending in the Court of Industrial Relations a dispute between that company and its employees, the latter filed in the same proceedings a petition for his reinstatement, alleging that his dismissal was unjustified. The company opposed the petition, but the Industrial Court, after hearing, granted the same, and by final resolution ordered the company —

    "to reinstate Guillermo Bautista to his former position as soon as possible, without entitling him to any back or arrears in pay, with the warning that the repetition of a similar act on the part of Bautista will be dealt with more severely."cralaw virtua1aw library

    In protest against this order, the company has brought the case here for review on the question of law raised in its petition, alleging that the order is contrary to law and constitutes a grave abuse of discretion.

    The material facts as found by the Industrial Court are as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Guillermo Bautista, in whose behalf the petition was filed, was a checker of the respondent company for a period of eighteen years, more or less, and under the immediate supervision of Mr. McKenney and Evaristo Domingo. Aside from being a checker, Bautista was, at times, acting also as dispatcher of the respondent company. On July 14, 1948, Mr. Villareal, from the central office of the company, called Bautista by telephone instructing him to deliver 750 gallons of gasoline to one Concepcion, and, another 750 gallons to Aquilino Fernandez. Deliveries of gasoline to customers under the regulations and instructions of the respondent company, were made in accordance with the ’first come, first served’ rule. On July 14, 1948, Concepcion’s order was made ahead of Fernandez’ and pursuant, therefore, to the said rule, the delivery of gasoline must first be made to Concepcion and then to Fernandez. However, instead of making delivery first to Concepcion, Fernandez was given preference to receive the gasoline ahead of Concepcion. According to the record, the arrangement was made by Bautista with the knowledge of Evaristo Domingo, his superior, although it was denied by Domingo. Domingo’s denial, however, could not merit belief in view of the adverse testimony of Bautista which was strongly corroborated by the testimony of Fernandez, who was proved to hold no grudge against Domingo.

    "There could be no doubt that the switching of the two orders for the delivery of gasoline intended for Concepcion and Fernandez was made by Bautista, and such act was undoubtedly repugnant to the regulations of the respondent company. But the record also shows that the regulation of the company with respect to making deliveries and giving preference to those who come first were at times relaxed upon instruction of the management. So, it could not be said that invariably the aforementioned regulations of the company were strictly in all occasions observed. Undoubtedly, Guillermo Bautista committed a misdeed when he made the switching of the two orders of gasoline, and for which he should suffer some kind of punishment. It should be noted, however, that Bautista, who is already fifty years old, had spent the best years of his life in the employ of the respondent and must have learned the routinary technique of the job he was holding. To dismiss him outright from the job in which he has become proficient by reason of his long experience would not only be severe and harsh under the circumstances but uncharitable and most unkind to the man whose life and labor were availed of by the respondent company during his best years. He was separated since July 15, 1948, a period long enough to make him realize the consequences of the wrong he had committed. Inasmuch as there was nothing shown, that prior to the commission of the offense, Bautista had been guilty of any other malfeasance or misfeasance in office, he is entitled to some degree of sympathy by reason of his long service in the company as well as by reason of the fact that his superior, Evaristo Domingo, who had knowledge of the act imputed upon him, had not, in any manner, shown his disapproval of the same. Exceptions to the rigid rules of the respondent company were made before by Bautista when told by the superintendent. With his separation from office since his dismissal on July 15, 1948, up to the present time, Bautista must have already undergone punishment sufficient and commensurate with the error he had done. The power of the Court of Industrial Relations to correct excessive punishment has been recognized by our Supreme Court in several decisions. In the present case, this Court declares the punishment excessive. However, a repetition of similar offense or the commission or omission of another will, of course, be dealt with strictly."cralaw virtua1aw library

    It would appear from the above findings of fact that the only fault attributed to Bautista was that, contrary to the company’s policy of "first come first served," he had delivered gasoline to one customer ahead of another who had asked for it first. The lower court did not consider the fault serious, but the company would characterize it as a breach of trust justifying dismissal under article 300 of the Code of Commerce.

    The power of the Industrial Court, in the settlement of labor cases, to reduce excessive punishments meted out to erring employees is not to be disputed, the same having been already recognized by this Supreme Court. The only question for us now to determine is whether the reduction of Bautista’s penalty in the present case constitutes a grave abuse of discretion.

    The company contends, in effect, that under article 300 of the Code of Commerce it had the right to discharge an employee for a breach of trust and that it was deprived of this right and, therefore, of the equal protection of the laws when the lower court refused to sanction Bautista’s dismissal on that score. It appears, however, that, while the lower court declared that Bautista had done an act repugnant to company rules, yet it did not find him guilty of a breach of trust. Indeed, a ruling that Bautista was guilty of such a breach would have scant validity under the circumstances of the case, the lower court having found it to be a fact that what Bautista did was known to and apparently acquiesced in by his immediate superior, that the rule as to precedence in gasoline deliveries was not always adhered to by the management, and that exceptions to the same had been made before by Bautista upon instructions from the superintendent. In the circumstances, we believe the lower court was justified in characterizing the fault committed by Bautista as a mere violation of regulations not amounting to a breach of trust. And considering his long years of service in the company, his otherwise clean record, and the fact that what he did had apparently the tacit approval of his immediate superior, we cannot say that the lower court has gravely abused its discretion in ordering his reinstatement subject to the terms specified in its final resolution.

    The order appealed from is therefore affirmed with costs against the petitioner.

    Moran, C.J., Ozaeta, Paras, Pablo, Bengzon, Padilla, Tuason, Montemayor and Torres, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-2936   December 23, 1949 - TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL CO. v. VICTORY EMPLOYEES, ET AL<br /><br />085 Phil 166


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