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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
December-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-2502 December 1, 1949 - PROVINCIAL FISCAL OF ILOCOS NORTE v. CEFERINO DE LOS SANTOS, ET AL

    085 Phil 77

  • G.R. No. L-2836 December 6, 1949 - ENGRACIA G. DE PONCE v. ALICIA VASQUEZ SAGARIO, ET AL

    085 Phil 79

  • G.R. No. L-2466 December 7, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO TUAZON

    085 Phil 85

  • G.R. No. L-2580 December 7, 1949 - PABLO RICOHERMOSO v. JUAN P. ENRIQUEZ, ET AL

    085 Phil 88

  • G.R. No. L-2593 December 7, 1949 - FELIX AZOTES v. MANUEL BLANCO, ET AL

    085 Phil 90

  • G.R. No. L-2652 December 7, 1949 - JULIA LORENZO, ET AL v. MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF NAIC, ET AL

    085 Phil 92

  • G.R. No. L-2758 December 7, 1949 - CLARO J. GIL, ET AL v. F. IMPERIAL REYES, ET AL

    085 Phil 97

  • G.R. No. L-3452 December 7, 1949 - NACIONALISTA PARTY v. FELIX ANGELO BAUTISTA

    085 Phil 101

  • G.R. No. L-3474 December 7, 1949 - NACIONALISTA PARTY v. VICENTE DE VERA

    085 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. L-2354 December 13, 1949 - ALFONSO ARANETA v. MARTA CUI VDA. DE SANSON

    085 Phil 142

  • G.R. No. L-2672 December 13, 1949 - UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS v. BUENAVENTURA OCAMPO, ET AL

    085 Phil 144

  • G.R. No. L-3521 December 13, 1949 - NACIONALISTA PARTY ET AL. v. COMELEC

    085 Phil 149

  • G.R. No. L-2722 December 15, 1949 - NICOLAS LIZARES & CO. v. BIENVENIDO TAN

    085 Phil 159

  • G.R. No. L-2802 December 23, 1949 - ROSA PASCUAL, ET AL v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN, ET AL

    085 Phil 164

  • G.R. No. L-2936 December 23, 1949 - TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL CO. v. VICTORY EMPLOYEES, ET AL

    085 Phil 166

  • G.R. No. L-867 December 29, 1949 - ANTONIO DEL ROSARIO ET AL. v. CARLOS SANDICO ET AL.

    085 Phil 170

  • G.R. No. L-1349 December 29, 1949 - H. D. KNEEDLER v. SIMON PATERNO

    085 Phil 183

  • G.R. No. L-1773 December 29, 1949 - ALEJANDRO ANDRES, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    085 Phil 192

  • G.R. No. L-1811 December 29, 1949 - GREGORIO BALVERAN, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS

    085 Phil 199

  • G.R. No. L-1877 December 29, 1949 - H. P. HOSKYNS v. NAT’L. CITY BANK OF NEW YORK

    085 Phil 201

  • G.R. No. L-1965 December 29, 1949 - EDUARDO OSORIO v. MARINA OSORIO

    085 Phil 209

  • G.R. No. L-2020 December 29, 1949 - LA ORDEN DE PADRES BENEDICTINOS DE FILIPINAS v. PHIL. TRUST CO.

    085 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. L-2360 December 29, 1949 - GAVINO ALDAMIZ v. JUDGE OF THE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF MINDORO, ET AL

    085 Phil 228

  • G.R. No. L-2404 December 29, 1949 - FABIAN B. S. ABELLERA v. FELICIANO GARCIA

    085 Phil 237

  • G.R. No. L-2634 December 29, 1949 - PACIFIC IMPORTING & EXPORTING CO. v. CATALINO TINIO, ET AL

    085 Phil 239

  • G.R. No. L-2570 December 29, 1949 - BACHRACH MOTOR CO. v. RURAL TRANSIT EMPLOYEES’ ASSO.

    085 Phil 242

  • G.R. No. L-2678 December 29, 1949 - ANTONIO C. ARAGON v. MARCOS JORGE

    085 Phil 246

  • G.R. No. L-2717 December 29, 1949 - IRINEO FACUNDO v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN ET AL.

    085 Phil 249

  • G.R. No. L-2752 December 29, 1949 - URBANO OLAVARIO ET AL. v. JUAN T. VILLANUEVA

    085 Phil 254

  • G.R. No. L-2842 December 29, 1949 - JOSE T. VALMONTE, ET AL v. MARIANO NABLE, ET AL

    085 Phil 256

  • G.R. No. L-2850 December 29, 1949 - ONG KIM PAN, ET AL v. FRANCISCO GERONIMO, ET AL

    085 Phil 261

  • G.R. No. L-2942 December 29, 1949 - SILVESTRA COQUIA, ET AL v. RODOLFO BALTAZAR, ET AL

    085 Phil 265

  • G.R. No. L-3039 December 29, 1949 - VICTORIO REYNOSO, ET AL v. VICENTE SANTIAGO, ET AL

    085 Phil 268

  • G.R. No. L-3261 December 29, 1949 - HECTOR G. PALILEO v. FRED RUIZ CASTRO, ET AL

    085 Phil 272

  • G.R. No. L-2529 December 31, 1949 - J. A. SISON v. BOARD OF ACCOUNTANCY, EZT AL

    085 Phil 276

  • G.R. No. L-2720 December 31, 1949 - HEMANDAS UDHARAM v. RAFAEL DINGLASAN

    085 Phil 284

  • G.R. No. L-2893 December 31, 1949 - AGRIPINO JIMINEZ, ET AL v. EUSEBIO F. RAMOS

    085 Phil 286

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-2404   December 29, 1949 - FABIAN B. S. ABELLERA v. FELICIANO GARCIA<br /><br />085 Phil 237

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-2404. December 29, 1949.]

    FABIAN B. S. ABELLERA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. FELICIANO GARCIA, Defendant-Appellee.

    The appellant in his own behalf.

    Benito D. Diaz for Appellee.

    SYLLABUS


    1. RECONSTITUTION; LOST JUDICIAL RECORDS; WHEN RECONSTITUTION MAY BE EFFECTED, FILING OF NEW ACTION IMPROPER. — Unless it is definitely demonstrated that the lost judicial records may not be sufficiently reconstituted to permit adjudication of a party’s litigation therein, the institution of a new proceeding should not be counternanced.


    D E C I S I O N


    BENGZON, J.:


    In the Court of First Instance of La Union, Fabian B. S. Abellera sued Feliciano Garcia in 1918 to recover a parcel of land situated in the town of Aringay, same province, (civil case No. 936). As the lot was included in the cadastral survey and both parties had claimed it in the cadastral proceedings, the civil case was dismissed and the parties were directed to litigate in the cadastral court. The conflict about the lot (numbered 4973) was subsequently heard by Hon. Meynardo Farol, Judge, who, in due time awarded it to Feliciano Garcia in cadastral case No. 5.

    Abellera appealed to the Court of Appeals. However, due to the loss of the stenographic notes, the case was returned in 1943 by the appellate court for new trial under the provisions of section 64 of Act 3110. Nothing seems to have been done, until January, 1946, when Fabian B. S. Abellera began in the La Union Court of First Instance another action (the present proceedings) against the same opponent, asserting ownership over the land, damages due to defendant’s occupation thereof, and asking for restitution of possession plus damages.

    The defendant Feliciano Garcia moved for dismissal, partly upon the ground that there was another action pending between the same parties, expressly referring to the case returned by order of the Court of Appeals. After hearing the motion, Judge Alejandro Panlilio granted the motion and dismissed the case, saying:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "There is no question that the appeal had been taken by plaintiff herein from the decision adjudicating lot No. 4973, the contested land, rendered in cadastral case No. 5 of Aringay, La Union, and there seems to be no question, either, that the only reasons that moved the Court of Appeals, motu proprio, to order the return of the case to this Court for a new trial, was the fact that the stenographer who had taken the notes of the hearing of the case could not be located. And such being the case, it is clear that the sole purpose of the Court of Appeals in returning the case was to give an opportunity to plaintiff to reconstruct the evidence, originally introduced at the hearing, in accordance with section 64 of Act No. 3110, and not to allow or give him a free hand to start a new action. In other words, the Court of Appeals ordered a new trial specifically in cadastral case No. 5 of Aringay, La Union, as regards lot No. 4973, and then, for the sole and specific purpose of reconstructing the evidence introduced at the original hearing, and did not, otherwise, authorize plaintiff to institute a new action. Courts will never encourage multiplicity of suits."cralaw virtua1aw library

    When his motion to reconsider was denied, Abellera perfected an appeal to the Court of Appeals, which in turn endorsed the expediente to us, as no question of fact is involved.

    It is obvious that the order of dismissal was correctly entered. The cadastral proceedings were pending, and Abellera may not be permitted to start another litigation. He asserts that the expedientes in La Union had all been destroyed and seems to hold the impression that the cadastral proceedings may not be reconstructed. But his impression does not seem to be correct, as may be seen from an endorsement of the Chief of the General Land Registration Office:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    ". . . all the plans, decisions, orders and all other records of Aringay cadastre (cad. case No. 5, G.L.R.O. cad. record No. 248) were lost during the last war. However, said Aringay cadastre cadastral case No. 5 can be reconstituted if this Office can be furnished again with the plans, technical descriptions of all the cadastral lots, decisions, orders and all the data needed for said reconstitution.

    "In this connection, it is necessary to ascertain first from the Bureau of Lands whether the plans and technical descriptions were among the records salvaged in that Office, and to request the reproduction of said plans."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The appellant has not shown that the Bureau of Lands is unable to furnish the required data and there is no reason now before us to presume that the cadastral proceedings could not be reconstructed.

    And unless it is definitely demonstrated that the cadastral expediente may not be sufficiently reconstituted to permit adjudication of appellant’s litigation therein, this new proceeding should not be countenanced.

    Wherefore, the appealed order of dismissal will be affirmed, with costs without prejudice to further proceedings in the cadastral case. So ordered.

    Moran, C.J., Ozaeta, Paras, Pablo, Padilla, Tuason, Montemayor, Reyes and Torres, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-2404   December 29, 1949 - FABIAN B. S. ABELLERA v. FELICIANO GARCIA<br /><br />085 Phil 237


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