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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
June-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • C.A. No. 793 June 9, 1949 - MARCOS ROQUE, ET AL. v. LEONCIA SONGCO, ET AL.

    084 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. L-1408 June 11, 1949 - MARIA BAUTISTA v. JOSE B. L. REYES, ET AL.

    084 Phil 3

  • G.R. No. L-1086 June 13, 1949 - BELLA BERNARDINO, ET AL.vs. EL ARZOBISPO CATOLICO DE MANILA

    084 Phil 8

  • G.R. No. L-1081 June 14, 1949 - MARIA DE LA CRUZ v. PEDRO BUENAVENTURA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 12

  • G.R. No. L-670 June 16, 1949 - SEGUNDA SANTIAGO, ET AL. v. PABLO VALENZUELA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 14

  • G.R. No. L-1522 June 16, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. MARCIANO O. MERIALES

    084 Phil 18

  • G.R. No. L-1568 June 16, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VALENTIN ERAÑA ET AL.

    084 Phil 21

  • G.R. No. L-2261 June 16, 1949 - PAMPANGA BUS CO. v. EMPLOYEES ASS’N OF THE PAMPANGA BUS CO.

    084 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. L-2428 June 20, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROQUE MARIQUlNA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 39

  • G.R. No. L-1855 June 22, 1949 - FELIPE C. ALVIAR, ET AL. v. SANTOS B. PAMPOLINA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 45

  • G.R. No. L-923 June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE DIZON

    084 Phil 48

  • G.R. No. L-1305 June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BERNABE GALO

    084 Phil 52

  • G.R. No. L-1513 June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AKAI, ET AL.

    084 Phil 54

  • G.R. No. L-2063 June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CEFERINO BARTIQUIN

    084 Phil 59

  • G.R. No. L-2137 June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAMILLANO GRIAR

    084 Phil 64

  • G.R. No. L-2949 June 24, 1949 - ROBERT L. WEADOCK, ET AL., v. MACARIO OFILADA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 68

  • G.R. No. L-565 June 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROQUE BADILI

    084 Phil 71

  • G.R. No. L-1080 June 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE JAVIER ALMODOVAR

    084 Phil 76

  • G.R. No. L-1373 June 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EUFRONIO VISAGAR

    084 Phil 84

  • G.R. Nos. L-1604, L-1712 & L-1713 June 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SERVILLANO FALTADO, ET AL.

    084 Phil 89

  • G.R. Nos. L-1820-21 June 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PAULO SANTOS, ET AL.

    084 Phil 97

  • G.R. No. L-2012 June 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SOFRONIO GAJO, ET AL.

    084 Phil 107

  • G.R. No. L-547 June 28, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE DE CASTRO

    084 Phil 118

  • G.R. No. L-1006 June 28, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FILEMON ESCLETO

    084 Phil 121

  • G.R. No. L-1716 June 28, 1949 - MATERIAL DISTRIBUTORS (PHIL.) , ET AL. v. FELIPE NATIVIDAD, ET AL.

    084 Phil 127

  • G.R. No. L-2427 June 28, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANATALIO SALIENTE, ET AL.

    084 Phil 136

  • C.A. No. 8037 June 28, 1949 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. MAXIMIANO P. MARTIN, ET AL.

    084 Phil 140

  • G.R. No. L-1794 June 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VENERANDO VIERNES, ET AL.

    084 Phil 144

  • G.R. No. L-1797 June 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RAFAEL MENDOZA, ET AL.

    084 Phil 148

  • G.R. No. L-2443 June 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE L. DEMETRIO, ET AL.

    084 Phil 153

  • G.R. No. L-2852 June 30, 1949 - VICTOR A. BOROVSKY v. COMM. OF IMMIGRATION, ET AL.

    084 Phil 161

  • G.R. No. L-48494 June 30, 1949 - BANQUE GENERALE BELGE, ET AL. v. WALTER BULL & CO., INC., ET AL.

    084 Phil 164

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-1305   June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BERNABE GALO<br /><br />084 Phil 52

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-1305. June 24, 1949.]

    THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. BERNABE GALO, Defendant-Appellant.

    Rafael Ortigas for Appellant.

    Assistant Solicitor General Ruperto Kapunan, Jr., and Solicitor Esmeraldo Umali for Appellee.

    SYLLABUS


    1. CRIMINAL LAW; TREASON; MEMBERSHIP IN THE POLICE FORCE DURING OCCUPATION; ACTIVE PARTICIPATION WITH THE ENEMIES IN THE APPREHENSION OF GUERRILLAS AND INFLICTION OF ILLTREATMENTS. — Appellant’s membership in the police force of Manaoag does not in itself constitute treason; but his having accompanied the Japanese soldiers to the places of abode of guerrilla leaders and the several illtreatments which he personally inflicted upon them because of their refusal to disclose their connection with the guerrilla forces, constitute treason.


    D E C I S I O N


    MORAN, C.J. :


    Bernabe Galo has been convicted of treason by the Third Division of the People’s Court and sentenced to reclusion perpetua with the accessories of the law, to a fine of P10,000, and to pay the costs. From this judgment he appealed to this Court.

    The facts proven by at least two witnesses are as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    On May 23, 1943, the herein appellant, together with Japanese and constabulary soldiers, went to the respective houses of Jose Quevedo, Juan Baldos, and Teofilo Duran, in the barrio of Cariñgayan, municipality of Manaoag, Province of Pangasinan, and brought them down for investigation as to their guerrilla activities. Upon their refusal to disclose their connection with the resistance movement, he maltreated them in the following manner: Jose Quevedo was hit with fist blows and later was made to lie down on his back and water from a jar was poured on his face, mouth and nose by appellant until the jar was emptied. Juan Baldos suffered a similar torture and Teofilo Duran received a blow on his jaw, all from appellant’s hands. These facts were testified to by Jose Quevedo, Juan Baldos, and Geronimo Quevedo. Appellant admitted his presence at the time these punishments were inflicted but denied any participation therein.

    On July 2, 1944, accompanied by two members of the police force of Manaoag, Pangasinan, and by eight Japanese soldiers, appellant went to the house of Antonio Repoldo, a guerrilla officer, in the barrio of San Juan, municipality of San Manuel, Province of Pangasinan. He slapped the face of Antonio Repoldo thrice, tied his hands behind his back, brought him downstairs to a guava grove nearby, and forced him to dip his face in a basin of water. Then he asked Repoldo whether he was a member of the guerrillas, pointing his pistol at him, and upon his refusal to admit his guilt, Repoldo was hanged by his hands which were tied behind his back, to a sampaloc tree and he was whipped by appellant. As he insisted upon his refusal, he was again beaten by appellant in a place near a Japanese garrison. A week later he was released. There are three witnesses who testified to these facts, namely, Antonio Repoldo, Maria Quiniones and Dominador Soriano. Appellant admitted his presence at the arrest and torture of Repoldo, but denied any participation therein.

    On February 23, 1944, Tomas Velasquez, a guerrilla leader in Manaoag, Pangasinan, was arrested by the chief of police accompanied by appellant and was taken to the municipal jail of Manaoag. He was taken later, with others, by Japanese soldiers to Dagupan, Pangasinan, where he was maltreated. Tomas Velasquez and Vicente Velasquez testified to these facts.

    Appellant’s membership in the police force of Manaoag does not in itself constitute treason; but his having accompanied the Japanese soldiers to the places of abode of guerrilla leaders and the several illtreatments which he personally inflicted upon them because of their refusal to disclose their connection with the guerrilla forces, constitute treason.

    Appellant’s allegation that he was forced by Japanese soldiers to accompany them, cannot be accepted considering the acts of violence which he himself personally performed and which conclusively show his alliance with the Japanese forces.

    For all the foregoing, the judgment is affirmed with costs against Appellant.

    Ozaeta, Paras, Feria, Perfecto, Bengzon, Tuason, Montemayor and Reyes, JJ., concur.

    Separate Opinions


    MORAN, C.J. :chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Mr. Justice Pablo voted for affirmance.

    G.R. No. L-1305   June 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BERNABE GALO<br /><br />084 Phil 52


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