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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-1955 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-7065 April 13, 1955 - TEOFILA S. TIBON v. AUDITOR GENERAL

    096 Phil 786

  • G.R. No. L-7784 April 13, 1955 - NICOLAS ADANTE v. CANDIDO DAGPIN

    096 Phil 789

  • G.R. No. L-7904 April 14, 1955 - EDUARDO HILVANO v. FIDEL FERNANDEZ

    096 Phil 791

  • G.R. No. L-7851 April 15, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. HONORABLE JOSE P. VELUZ

    096 Phil 794

  • G.R. No. L-8183 April 15, 1955 - VICTOR DE LA CRUZ v. HONORABLE AMBROSIO T. DOLLETE

    096 Phil 797

  • G.R. No. L-8316 April 15, 1955 - LUZON STEVEDORING CO. v. THE HONORABLE CESAREO DE LEON

    096 Phil 801

  • G.R. No. L-7094 April 16, 1955 - JUANITA MIRANDA v. HON. JUDGE DEMETRIO B. ENCARNACION

    096 Phil 805

  • G.R. No. L-7791 April 19, 1955 - LEE TAY & LEE CHAY v. KAISAHAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA KAHOY SA FILIPINAS

    096 Phil 808

  • G.R. No. L-6871 April 20, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. BANDALI TAGACAOLO

    096 Phil 812

  • G.R. No. L-7301 April 20, 1955 - TIU SAN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. ET AL.

    096 Phil 817

  • G.R. No. L-7318 April 20, 1955 - HELEN GENIO DE CHAVEZ v. A. L. AMMEN TRANSPORTATION CO.

    096 Phil 823

  • G.R. No. L-6508 April 25, 1955 - KOPPEL (PHIL) INC. v. EL TRIBUNAL DE RELACIONES INDUSTRIALES

    096 Phil 830

  • G.R. No. L-7076 April 28, 1955 - ROSARIO and UNTALAN v. CARANDANG ET AL.

    096 Phil 845

  • G.R. No. L-6469 April 29, 1955 - NAVARRA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL and COURT OF APPEALS

    096 Phil 851

  • G.R. No. L-6740 April 29, 1955 - DIMAYUGA v. DIMAYUGA

    096 Phil 859

  • G.R. No. L-6752 April 29, 1955 - NAZARIO TRILLANA v. FAUSTINO MANANSALA

    096 Phil 865

  • G.R. No. L-6972 April 29, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAXIMO SATURNINO

    096 Phil 868

  • G.R. No. L-7054 April 29, 1955 - UY v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    096 Phil 871

  • G.R. No. L-7541 April 29, 1955 - VISAYAN SURETY & INS. CORP. v. LACSON ET AL.

    096 Phil 878

  • G.R. No. L-7550 April 29, 1955 - DONALD A. ROCCO v. MORTON MEADS

    096 Phil 884

  • G.R. No. L-7623 April 29, 1955 - FELICIDAD CASTAÑEDA v. BRUNA PESTAÑO

    096 Phil 890

  • G.R. No. L-7692 April 29, 1955 - PEOPLE’S BANK & TRUST CO., v. HONORABLE RAMON R. SAN JOSE

    096 Phil 895

  • G.R. No. L-8107 April 29, 1955 - VISAYAN SURETY & INS. CORP. v. HON. DE AQUINO ET AL.

    096 Phil 900

  • G.R. No. L-8348 April 29, 1955 - BAGTAS v. EL TRIBUNAL DE APELACION

    096 Phil 905

  • G.R. No. L-6931 April 30, 1955 - STANDARD-VACUUM OIL COMPANY v. M. D. ANTIGUA

    096 Phil 909

  • G.R. No. L-7236 April 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. Po GIOK TO

    096 Phil 913

  • G.R. No. L-7296 April 30, 1955 - PLASLU v. PORTLAND CEMENT CO., ET AL.

    096 Phil 920

  • G.R. No. L-7390 April 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REYES, ET AL.

    096 Phil 927

  • G.R. No. L-7561 April 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAAC, ET AL.

    096 Phil 931

  • G.R. No. L-7680 April 30, 1955 - TAN TONG v. DEPORTATION BOARD

    096 Phil 934

  • G.R. No. L-7830 Abril 30, 1955 - MANZA v. HON. VICENTE SANTIAGO, ET AL.

    096 Phil 938

  • G.R. No. L-8017 April 30, 1955 - MANSAL v. P. P. GOCHECO LUMBER CO.

    096 Phil 941

  • G.R. No. L-8278 April 30, 1955 - SUMAIL v. HON. JUDGE OF THE CFI OF COTABATO, ET AL

    096 Phil 946

  • G.R. No. L-8332 April 30, 1955 - JESUS S. RODRIGUEZ v. FRANCISCO A. ARELLANO

    096 Phil 954

  • G.R. No. L-8909 Abril 30, 1955 - JOSE LAANAN v. EL ALCAIDE PROVINCIAL DE RIZAL

    096 Phil 959

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-7784   April 13, 1955 - NICOLAS ADANTE v. CANDIDO DAGPIN<br /><br />096 Phil 789

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-7784. April 13, 1955.]

    NICOLAS ADANTE, Petitioner, v. CANDIDO DAGPIN, Respondent.

    Andres V. Ochotorena for Petitioner.

    Malcolm G. Sarmiento for Respondent.


    SYLLABUS


    1. ADMINISTRATIVE LAW; PUBLIC OFFICERS; ONE WHO HAS NO LEGAL RIGHT OR VALID TITLE TO THE POSITION OF MAYOR CAN NOT CLAIM PROTECTION OF THE LAW. — The doctrine that an appointive mayor is entitled to hold office until his successor is chosen in the next general election, unless earlier removed for cause (Cometa v. Andanar, L-7662, July 21, 1954, and Ocupe v. Martinez, L-7591, August 16, 1954), can not be invoked by one who has no legal right or valid title in himself to the position of Mayor.

    2. QUO WARRANTO; WHAT PETITIONER MUST PROVE. — A private person who claims to have been deprived of a public office in a complaint for quo warranto must prove that he is entitled and has the right to the position which he alleges the respondent usurped or unlawfully holds; and when it does not appear that petitioner has a valid right or title to the public position allegedly usurped or unlawfully held by the respondent, he has no cause of action and his petition must be dismissed (Acosta v. Flor, 5 Phil., 18, 22-23; also Lomuntad v. Cuenco, 41 Off. Gaz., 894).


    D E C I S I O N


    REYES, J.B.L., J.:


    On November 28, 1951, respondent Candido Dagpin was appointed by former President Elpidio Quirino Mayor of the newly created municipality of New Piñan, Zamboanga del Norte. He duly qualified, assumed office, and per formed the functions thereof until July 23, 1953, when President Quirino, without apparent legal reason, removed him from office and appointed petitioner Nicolas Adante in his stead. Wherefore, respondent Dagpin filed a quo warranto proceeding in this Court (G. R. No. L-6995) questioning the legality of Adante’s appointment. During the pendency of the proceedings, President Ramon Magsaysay came into office and appointed respondent Candido Dagpin Municipal Mayor of New Piñan, Zamboanga del Norte, vice petitioner Nicolas Adante. Having thus been returned to his former post, respondent moved in this Court for the dismissal of the quo warranto case filed by him against petitioner Adante upon the ground that the issues therein raised had become academic. Shortly after the dismissal of the case. however, the ousted Mayor Adante in turn filed petition for quo warranto in this Court against respondent Candido Dagpin, President Magsaysay’s appointee.

    While it is true that under the doctrine laid down by this Court in the cases of Cometa v. Andanar, 50 Off. Gaz., (8) 3594, and Ocupe v. Martinez, L-7591, dated August 16, 1954, an appointive mayor is entitled to hold office until his successor is chosen in the next general election, unless earlier removed for cause, this doctrine can not be invoked in support of the present petition, for it clearly appears on record that petitioner himself has no legal right or title to the position of Mayor of New Piñan, Zamboanga del Norte. It appears that petitioner’s appointment in 1953 caused the ouster of respondent Dagpin, the then incumbent, without just cause; hence, his (petitioner’s) own appointment as Mayor was illegal and void. A private person who claims to have been deprived of a public office in a complaint for quo warranto must prove that he is entitled and has the right to the position which he alleges the respondent usurped or unlawfully holds; and when it does not appear that petitioner has a valid right or title to the public position allegedly usurped or unlawfully held by the respondent, he has no cause of action and his petition must be dismissed (Acosta v. Flor, 5 Phil., 18, 22-23; also Lomuntad v. Cuenco, 41 Off. Gaz., 894).

    It appearing that petitioner Nicolas Adante has no valid title in himself to the position of Mayor of New Piñan, Zamboanga del Norte, his petition for quo warranto must be, as it is hereby, dismissed. Costs against petitioner.

    Pablo, Acting C. J., Bengzon, Montemayor, Reyes, A., Bautista Angelo, and Concepcion, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-7784   April 13, 1955 - NICOLAS ADANTE v. CANDIDO DAGPIN<br /><br />096 Phil 789


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