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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-1955 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-7065 April 13, 1955 - TEOFILA S. TIBON v. AUDITOR GENERAL

    096 Phil 786

  • G.R. No. L-7784 April 13, 1955 - NICOLAS ADANTE v. CANDIDO DAGPIN

    096 Phil 789

  • G.R. No. L-7904 April 14, 1955 - EDUARDO HILVANO v. FIDEL FERNANDEZ

    096 Phil 791

  • G.R. No. L-7851 April 15, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. HONORABLE JOSE P. VELUZ

    096 Phil 794

  • G.R. No. L-8183 April 15, 1955 - VICTOR DE LA CRUZ v. HONORABLE AMBROSIO T. DOLLETE

    096 Phil 797

  • G.R. No. L-8316 April 15, 1955 - LUZON STEVEDORING CO. v. THE HONORABLE CESAREO DE LEON

    096 Phil 801

  • G.R. No. L-7094 April 16, 1955 - JUANITA MIRANDA v. HON. JUDGE DEMETRIO B. ENCARNACION

    096 Phil 805

  • G.R. No. L-7791 April 19, 1955 - LEE TAY & LEE CHAY v. KAISAHAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA KAHOY SA FILIPINAS

    096 Phil 808

  • G.R. No. L-6871 April 20, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. BANDALI TAGACAOLO

    096 Phil 812

  • G.R. No. L-7301 April 20, 1955 - TIU SAN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. ET AL.

    096 Phil 817

  • G.R. No. L-7318 April 20, 1955 - HELEN GENIO DE CHAVEZ v. A. L. AMMEN TRANSPORTATION CO.

    096 Phil 823

  • G.R. No. L-6508 April 25, 1955 - KOPPEL (PHIL) INC. v. EL TRIBUNAL DE RELACIONES INDUSTRIALES

    096 Phil 830

  • G.R. No. L-7076 April 28, 1955 - ROSARIO and UNTALAN v. CARANDANG ET AL.

    096 Phil 845

  • G.R. No. L-6469 April 29, 1955 - NAVARRA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL and COURT OF APPEALS

    096 Phil 851

  • G.R. No. L-6740 April 29, 1955 - DIMAYUGA v. DIMAYUGA

    096 Phil 859

  • G.R. No. L-6752 April 29, 1955 - NAZARIO TRILLANA v. FAUSTINO MANANSALA

    096 Phil 865

  • G.R. No. L-6972 April 29, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAXIMO SATURNINO

    096 Phil 868

  • G.R. No. L-7054 April 29, 1955 - UY v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    096 Phil 871

  • G.R. No. L-7541 April 29, 1955 - VISAYAN SURETY & INS. CORP. v. LACSON ET AL.

    096 Phil 878

  • G.R. No. L-7550 April 29, 1955 - DONALD A. ROCCO v. MORTON MEADS

    096 Phil 884

  • G.R. No. L-7623 April 29, 1955 - FELICIDAD CASTAÑEDA v. BRUNA PESTAÑO

    096 Phil 890

  • G.R. No. L-7692 April 29, 1955 - PEOPLE’S BANK & TRUST CO., v. HONORABLE RAMON R. SAN JOSE

    096 Phil 895

  • G.R. No. L-8107 April 29, 1955 - VISAYAN SURETY & INS. CORP. v. HON. DE AQUINO ET AL.

    096 Phil 900

  • G.R. No. L-8348 April 29, 1955 - BAGTAS v. EL TRIBUNAL DE APELACION

    096 Phil 905

  • G.R. No. L-6931 April 30, 1955 - STANDARD-VACUUM OIL COMPANY v. M. D. ANTIGUA

    096 Phil 909

  • G.R. No. L-7236 April 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. Po GIOK TO

    096 Phil 913

  • G.R. No. L-7296 April 30, 1955 - PLASLU v. PORTLAND CEMENT CO., ET AL.

    096 Phil 920

  • G.R. No. L-7390 April 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REYES, ET AL.

    096 Phil 927

  • G.R. No. L-7561 April 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAAC, ET AL.

    096 Phil 931

  • G.R. No. L-7680 April 30, 1955 - TAN TONG v. DEPORTATION BOARD

    096 Phil 934

  • G.R. No. L-7830 Abril 30, 1955 - MANZA v. HON. VICENTE SANTIAGO, ET AL.

    096 Phil 938

  • G.R. No. L-8017 April 30, 1955 - MANSAL v. P. P. GOCHECO LUMBER CO.

    096 Phil 941

  • G.R. No. L-8278 April 30, 1955 - SUMAIL v. HON. JUDGE OF THE CFI OF COTABATO, ET AL

    096 Phil 946

  • G.R. No. L-8332 April 30, 1955 - JESUS S. RODRIGUEZ v. FRANCISCO A. ARELLANO

    096 Phil 954

  • G.R. No. L-8909 Abril 30, 1955 - JOSE LAANAN v. EL ALCAIDE PROVINCIAL DE RIZAL

    096 Phil 959

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-6740   April 29, 1955 - DIMAYUGA v. DIMAYUGA<br /><br />096 Phil 859

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-6740. April 29, 1955.]

    LUCIO DIMAYUGA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ANTONIO J. DIMAYUGA, Defendant-Appellant.

    Chaves, Ilustre and Caedo for Appellee.

    S. Megia-Panganiban for Appellant.


    SYLLABUS


    1. PLEADING AND PRACTICE; DISMISSAL OF ACTIONS: WANT OF CAUSE OF ACTION. — When the ground for dismissal is that the complaint states no cause of action, the rule provides that its sufficiency can only be determined by considering the facts alleged in the complaint, and no other.

    2. ID.; ID.; ID.; TEST OF SUFFICIENCY OF FACTS ALLEGED TO CONSTITUTE A CAUSE OF ACTION. — "It has been said that the test of the sufficiency of the facts alleged in a petition, to constitute a cause of action, is whether or not, admitting the facts alleged, the court could render a valid judgment upon the same in accordance with the prayer of the petition. (Paminsan v. Costales, 28 Phil., 487, 489; Blay v. Batangas Transportation Co. 45 Off. Gaz., (Supp. to NO. 9.) 1 . . . If the court finds the allegations to be sufficient but doubts their veracity, it must deny the motion to dismiss and require the defendant to answer and then proceed to try the case on the merit (Piñero v. Enriquez, 84 Phil., 774)." (See Moran, Comments on the Rules of Court, Vol. I, 1952 ed., p. 170)

    3. ID.; ID.; ID.; No EVIDENCE ALLOWED BEFORE TRIAL. — The rule is that when the motion to dismiss is based on the ground that the complaint states no cause of action, no evidence may be allowed and the issue should only be determined in the light of the allegations of the complaint (Asejo v. Leonoso, 44 Off. Gaz., (No. 10) 3807).

    4. ID.; POSTPONEMENTS; PRESENCE OF PARTY MOVING FOR POSTPONEMENT REQUIRED IF THE MOTION IS NOT ACTED FAVORABLY BEFORE DATE OF TRIAL. — The matter relative to the postponement of a trial lies generally within the discretion of the court and such discretion should not be interfered with unless a grave abuse of discretion is shown. It has been held that a party moving for postponement should be in court on the day set for trial if the motion is not acted upon favorably before that day. He has no right to rely on the liberality of the court (Macondray & Co. v. Paradise, G. R. No. 38255, September 5, 1933), or on the generosity of the adverse party (Sunico v. Villapando, 14 Phil., 352). In the instant case, the trial court denied the motion for postponement because appellant or his counsel failed to appear and, as the court said, "he has no right to presume that his motion for postponement could be granted."


    D E C I S I O N


    BAUTISTA ANGELO, J.:


    On March 20, 1952, plaintiff filed an action in the Court of First Instance of Batangas against defendant praying that the latter be ordered to deliver to the former the possession of a parcel of land situated in barrio San Roque, Sto. Tomas, Batangas, and to pay as damages the following items: P300 a month from November 12, 1951, should he fail to deliver the possession of the land; P99 for the galvanized iron sheets taken by defendant; P250 for trees allegedly cut; and P2,000 for moral damages, plus the costs of action.

    On April 8, 1952, defendant filed a motion to dismiss based on the ground that the complaint does not state a cause of action, to which plaintiff filed a written opposition. The motion was denied on April 21, 1952. On May 3, defendant filed a second motion to dismiss practically based on the same ground, and on May 19, the motion was denied. On May 23, defendant filed an answer. Upon plaintiff’s motion, the court admitted the second amended complaint filed by him in its order of July 7. On July 25, defendant filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint based on the same grounds upon which he predicated his two previous motion to dismiss. The court again denied his third motion to dismiss in its order of August 1, 1952.

    The case was set for hearing on August 13, 1952 and on August 9, defendant filed a motion to postpone the hearing on the ground that he, or his counsel, needed time to prepare his "responsive pleading." No action was taken on this motion, and, when the date for hearing came, the court denied the motion and ordered plaintiff to present his evidence. Neither defendant, nor his counsel, appeared. On August 14, 1952, the court rendered judgment as prayed for in the complaint, whereupon the defendant interposed the present appeal.

    In this appeal, appellant pretends that the lower court erred: (1) in not dismissing the complaint for want of cause of action, or for being premature; (2) in not granting his petition for ocular inspection to better appreciate the merits of his petition to dismiss; and (3) in not granting his petition for postponement of the hearing of the case set for August 13, 1952.

    The motion to dismiss filed by appellant is mainly predicated on the ground that the complaint does not state a cause of action for the reason that the period stipulated in the contract of lease on which plaintiff bases his right of possession has not yet expired in view of a condition therein contained. This condition recites that if at the expiration of the contract there should exist on the land some sugar cane to be cut it shall be understood as extended until after the cane had been cut. 1 It is contended that there was still some standing sugar crop upon the expiration of the ten-year period agreed upon in the contract and, hence, the same cannot be deemed to have expired when this action was instituted. This claim is disputed by the appellee who reasons out that the same does not appear in the complaint.

    The ground for dismissal being that the complaint does not state a cause of action, the facts that may be considered to test its sufficiency are only those alleged therein, and no other, and it appearing in the complaint that the contract of lease is for a term of ten years from November 12, 1941 and that said term had expired on November 12, 1951, without being renewed or extended, the appellee contends that his right to possess the land has already accrued.

    The claim of appellee is well taken. When the ground for dismissal is that the complaint states no cause of action, the rule provides that its sufficiency can only be determined by considering the facts alleged in the complaint, and no other. "It has been said that the test of the sufficiency of the facts alleged in a petition, to constitute a cause of action, is whether or not, admitting the facts alleged, the court could render a valid judgment upon the same in accordance with the prayer of the petition. [Paminsan v. Costales, 28 Phil., 487, 489; Blay v. Batangas Transportation Co.,* 45 Off. Gaz., (Supp. to No. 9) 1. ] . . . If the court finds the allegations to be sufficient but doubts their veracity, it must deny the motion to dismiss and require the defendant to answer and then proceed to try the case on the merits (Pinero v. Enriquez, 84 Phil., 774)." (See Moran, Comments on the Rules of Court, Vol. I, 1952 ed., p. 170.) Such is what the trial court did. It tested the sufficiency of the complaint by considering its factual allegations and found them to be sufficient to constitute a cause of action. We find no error in this respect.

    It is true that the appellant has invoked in his motion to dismiss the condition in the contract of lease to the effect that if at the expiration of said contract there would exist on the land sugar crop to be cut it shall be deemed extended until after the same had been cut, and to substantiate his claim he asked the court that an ocular inspection be made of the property so that it may see for itself the truth of such allegation, but such claim cannot be entertained for the reason that such condition does not appear in the complaint. At best, this is a matter which the appellant could establish by proper evidence when the time for trial comes, and not at this stage of the proceeding. The rule is that, when the motion to dismiss is based on the ground above invoked, no evidence may be allowed and the issue should only be determined in the light of the allegations of the complaint [Asejo v. Leonoso,* 44 Off. Gaz. (No. 10) 3807]. The lower court, therefore, did not err in denying the petition for ocular inspection.

    Even if we consider the petition on its merits, we doubt if appellant has acted properly considering that, as he claims, he planted the sugar cane in the month of October, 1951 knowing fully well that the contract of lease was to expire on November 12, 1951. If such were allowed we would be placing in the hands of appellant the termination of the lease. The condition regarding implied extension must have been predicated upon the theory that the crop must be planted in its proper season according to the custom or practice of the place and not at the pleasure of the appellant. The planting invoked by appellant cannot therefore be considered as the one contemplated by the parties.

    Counsel also claims that the appellant is not the proper party to be sent because the lessee is Prospero Dimayuga who is already dead and appellant is merely the special administrator of his estate. Such allegation is not correct for the complaint states that the appellant is the only son and heir of the deceased and he is being sued in that capacity. He has therefore personality to be sued as party defendant in this jurisdiction. (Baun v. Heirs of Baun, 54 Phil., 65).

    The remaining question to be determined refers to the order of the trial court denying the motion of appellant to transfer the hearing of the case upon the ground that he needed more time to present his responsive pleading. It appears that the court set the case for trial on the merits on August 13, 1952, and on August 9, appellant filed his motion for continuance. The court did not act on the motion immediately, but when the date of trial came, neither the appellant nor his counsel appeared. For this reason, the court denied the motion and received the evidence of the appellee. This is now assigned as error on the ground of abuse of discretion.

    The matter relative to the postponement of a trial lies generally within the discretion of the court and such discretion should not be interfered with unless a grave abuse of discretion is shown. 2 It has been held that a party moving for postponement should be in court on the day set for trial if the motion is not acted upon favorably before that day. He has no right to rely on the liberality of the court (Macondray & Co. v. Paradies, G. R. No. 38255, September 5, 1933), or on the generosity of the adverse party (Sunico v. Villapando, 14 Phil., 352). In the instant case, the trial court denied the motion for postponement because appellant or his counsel failed to appear and, as the court said, "he has no right to presume that his motion for postponement could be granted." (Order of August 13, 1952.)

    Wherefore, the decision appealed from is affirmed.

    Pablo, Acting C. J., Bengzon, Padilla, Montemayor, Reyes, A., Labrador, Concepcion, and Reyes, J. B. L., JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. This condition reads: "Tambien es condicion de este contrato la de que si al tiempo de la expiracion de este contrato, o sean a los diez años exactos, todavia existen en el terreno cañas sin cortar, este contrato se entendera prorrogado hasta despues del corte de dichas cañas."cralaw virtua1aw library

    * 80 Phil., 373.

    * 78 Phil., 467.

    2. Lichauco v. Lim, 6 Phil., 271; Go Changjo v. Roldan Sy Changjo, 18 Phil., 405; Lino Luna v. Arcenas, 34 Phil., 80; Rivera v. Ong Che, 37 Phil., 355; Babillo v. Tiongko Et. Al., 43 Phil., 317; Philippine Guaranty Co v. Belando, 53 Phil., 410; Corp. de PP., Agustinos v. Del Rey, 55 Phil., 163; Lirio v. Rovira, 61 Phil., 137.

    G.R. No. L-6740   April 29, 1955 - DIMAYUGA v. DIMAYUGA<br /><br />096 Phil 859


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