Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1955 > July 1955 Decisions > G.R. No. L-6582 July 29, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO RODRIGUEZ

097 Phil 349:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

FIRST DIVISION

[G.R. No. L-6582. July 29, 1955.]

THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff , CIRILA CABALSE, Complainant-Appellant, v. ANTONIO RODRIGUEZ, Defendant-Appellee.

Dominador N. Dizon and Ruben D. Hilario for Appellant.

Vicente Quintillan for Appellee.


SYLLABUS


1. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE; JURISDICTION OF TRIAL COURT TO AVOID INDEMNITY TO OFFENDED PARTY. — Before the expiration of the 15-day period provided for appeal, the trial court can order the defendant to indemnify the offended party notwithstanding that the judgment has become final because the defendant had commenced the service of the sentence.


D E C I S I O N


PADILLA, J.:


Antonio Rodriguez was charged with the crime of abduction with consent. On 24 March 1952, having entered a plea of guilty, he was sentenced by the Court of First Instance of Davao to suffer 6 months and 1 day of prision correccional, the accessories of the law, and to pay the costs. On the same day the sentence was read he commenced to serve it.

On 27 March, Cirila Cabalse, the offended party, moved that, as provided for in Article 345 of the Revised Penal Code, the defendant be ordered to indemnify her in the sum of P3,000. On 5 April, the Court ordered the defendant to pay her an indemnity of P1,000 and, in case of non-payment thereof, to suffer subsidiary imprisonment not to exceed one-third of the principal penalty. On 5 May, upon motion of the offended party, the Court issued a writ of execution and on 12 May the sheriff levied upon the house of the defendant. On 9 August, on motion for reconsideration filed by the defendant, the Court set aside the order of 5 April which directed the defendant to indemnify the offended party, as well as the writ of execution issued pursuant thereto, on the ground that the defendant having commenced on 24 March the service of the sentence imposed upon him, the judgment became final on that date and the Court lost jurisdiction to enter the order of 5 April granting indemnity to the offended party. Having failed to have the last order reconsidered, the offended party has appealed.

In people v. Ursua, 60 Phil., 252, where the defendant was found guilty of homicide through reckless imprudence and the trial court, upon motion of the private prosecution, refused to enter judgment with respect to the civil liability of the defendant for the reason that the appeal taken by him divested the trial court of jurisdiction to pass upon the question of indemnity to the heirs of the deceased, we held:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

The trial court’s resolution that, because the cause had been appealed by the accused, it had lost its jurisdiction to pass upon the motion for reconsideration filed by the private prosecution nine days after the date of the judgment, is unfounded.

The right of the injured persons in an offense to take part in its prosecution and to appeal for purposes of the civil liability of the accused (section 107, General Orders No. 58), necessarily implies that such right is protected in the same manner as the right of the accused to his defense. If the accused has the right within fifteen days to appeal from the judgment of conviction, the offended party should have the right within the same period to appeal from so much of the judgment as is prejudicial to him, and his appeal should not be made dependent on that of the accused. If upon appeal by the accused the court altogether losses its jurisdiction over the cause, the offended party would be deprived of his right to appeal, although fifteen days have not yet elapsed from the date of the judgment, if the accused files his appeal before the expiration of said period. Therefore, if the court, independently of the appeal of the accused, has jurisdiction, within fifteen days from the date of the judgment, to allow the appeal of the offended party, it also has jurisdiction to pass upon the motion for reconsideration filed by the private prosecution in connection with the civil liability of the accused. (Pp. 254-255.)

and remanded the case to the lower court for determination of the civil liability.

As the trial court did not lose jurisdiction over the civil phase of the case even if the defendant had commenced the service of his sentence, no error was committed by it in ordering him to indemnify the offended party in the amount of P1,000 before the expiration of the 15-day period provided for appeal.

The order of 9 August 1952 setting aside that of 5 April 1952 is reversed and the last mentioned order awarding indemnity to the offended party is revived, without costs.

Bengzon, Acting C.J., Montemayor, Reyes, A., Jugo, Bautista Angelo, Labrador, Concepcion and Reyes, J.B.L., JJ., concur.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com





July-1955 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-6420 July 18, 1955 - INS. CO. OF NORTH AMERICA v. PHIL. PORTS TERMINALS, INC.

    097 Phil 288

  • G.R. No. L-8062 July 18, 1955 - JOSE QUINTOS v. HON. ARSENIO H. LACSON, ET AL.

    097 Phil 290

  • G.R. No. L-7349 July 19, 1955 - ATOK-BIG WEDGE MUTUAL BENEFIT ASSN. v. ATOK-BIG WEDGE MINING CO., INC.

    097 Phil 294

  • G.R. No. L-6846 July 20, 1955 - GREGORIO ARANETA EMPLOYEES UNION, ET AL. v. ARSENIO C. ROLDAN, ET AL.

    097 Phil 304

  • G.R. No. L-7425 July 21, 1955 - DAVID M. ALMEDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, ET AL.

    097 Phil 306

  • G.R. No. L-6648 July 25, 1955 - VICTORIAS PLANTERS ASSN., INC., ET AL. v. VICTORIAS MILLING CO., INC.

    097 Phil 318

  • G.R. No. L-7483 July 25, 1955 - PEDRO CUETO v. BLANCA COLLANTES, ET AL.

    097 Phil 325

  • G.R. No. L-7635 July 25, 1955 - TASIANA ONGSINGCO v. HON. BIENVENIDO A. TAN, ET AL.

    097 Phil 330

  • G.R. No. L-8129 July 25, 1955 - VALERIANO NICOLAS, ET AL. v. HON. MODESTO CASTILLO, ET AL.

    097 Phil 336

  • G.R. No. L-6641 July 28, 1955 - FRANCISCO QUIZON v. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE OF PAMPANGA, ET AL.

    097 Phil 342

  • G.R. No. L-6582 July 29, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO RODRIGUEZ

    097 Phil 349

  • G.R. No. L-5974 July 30, 1955 - MARIA ELIZABETH KIENE, ET AL. v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    097 Phil 352

  • G.R. No. L-6749 July 30, 1955 - JEAN L. ARNAULT v. EUSTAQUIO BALAGTAS

    097 Phil 358

  • G.R. No. L-7077 July 30, 1955 - ANTONIO DEL ROSARIO, ET AL. v. CARLOS SANDICO, ET AL.

    097 Phil 372

  • G.R. No. L-7905 July 30, 1955 - SAN MIGUEL BREWERY, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR UNION AND SAMBELA

    097 Phil 378

  • G.R. No. L-7915 July 30, 1955 - IN RE: ALFREDO M. VELAYO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILS.

    097 Phil 387

  • G.R. No. L-9043 July 30, 1955 - DIRECTOR OF PRISONS, ET AL. v. HON. JOSE TEODORO, ET AL.

    097 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. L-9050 July 30, 1955 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUAN L. BOCAR, ET AL.

    097 Phil 398