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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
November-1958 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-9073 November 17, 1958 - TRADERS INSURANCE & SURETY COMPANY v. DY ENG GIOK

    104 Phil 806

  • G.R. No. L-11273 November 21, 1958 - ACOJE MINES EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. ACOJE LABOR UNION, ET AL.

    104 Phil 814

  • G.R. No. L-11527 November 25, 1958 - COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. SUYOC CONSOLIDATED MINING COMPANY, ET AL.

    104 Phil 819

  • G.R. No. L-9055 November 28, 1958 - NATIONAL SHIPYARDS AND STEEL CORPORATION v. DEOGRACIAS ALMIN

    104 Phil 835

  • G.R. No. L-9595 November 28, 1958 - PEDRO PASCUA v. MARIANO COPUYOC

    104 Phil 837

  • G.R. No. L-10869 November 28, 1958 - IN RE: ANDREW BALCK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    104 Phil 848

  • G.R. No. L-11010 November 28, 1958 - BASILIO L. GUISADIO v. SECRETARY OF PUBLIC WORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS, ET AL.

    104 Phil 849

  • G.R. No. L-11019 November 28, 1958 - QUE PO LAY v. CENTRAL BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL.

    104 Phil 853

  • G.R. No. L-11321 November 28, 1958 - RIO GRANDE RUBBER ESTATE COMPANY, INC. v. BOARD OF LIQUIDATORS, ET AL.

    104 Phil 863

  • G.R. No. L-11511 November 28, 1958 - TAN SIN v. DEPORTATION BOARD

    104 Phil 868

  • G.R. No. L-11787 November 28, 1958 - SHERIFF OF THE CITY OF MANILA v. ANGEL JOSE REALTY CORP., INC., ET AL.

    104 Phil 874

  • G.R. No. L-10195 November 29, 1958 - BELMAN COMPAÑIA INCORPORADA v. CENTRAL BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES

    104 Phil 877

  • G.R. No. L-10679 November 29, 1958 - ABELARDO PAGES v. BASILAN LUMBER COMPANY

    104 Phil 882

  • G.R. No. L-10761 November 29, 1958 - IN RE: CELESTINO CO Y QUING REYES v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    104 Phil 889

  • G.R. No. L-11282 November 29, 1958 - MANUEL I. GONZALES v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    104 Phil 899

  • G.R. No. 11951 November 29, 1958 - CENON BUENCAMINO v. PASTOR P. REYES

    104 Phil 906

  • G.R. No. L-12335 November 29, 1958 - CANUTO PAGDANGANAN v. COURT OF AGRARIAN RELATIONS, ET AL.

    104 Phil 910

  • G.R. Nos. L-13393-95 November 29, 1958 - SALANI UNA v. FELISA C. NOCHE, ET AL.

    104 Phil 914

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    G.R. No. L-10869   November 28, 1958 - IN RE: ANDREW BALCK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. <br /><br />104 Phil 848

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-10869. November 28, 1958.]

    In re: Petition to correct mistake in the Record of the Civil Registrar of Manila, relative to the citizenship of MARIAN KATHLEEN BLACK; ANDREW BLACK, ET AL., Petitioners-Appellants, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Oppositor-Appellee.

    Vicente M. Noche for Appellants.

    Solicitor General Ambrosio Padilla and Assistant Solicitor General Florencio Villamor for Appellee.


    SYLLABUS


    1. CIVIL REGISTRY; CLERICAL ERRORS. — Clerical error is "one that is visible to the eyes or obvious to the understanding (Maxwell v. Hammand, 55 Phil. 519). It is "an error made by a clerk or a transcriber; a mistake in copying or writing" (In re: Stewart, 48 N.Y.S. 957, 966, 24 App. Div. 201, quoted in Words and Phrases, Vol. 7, p. 472).

    2. ID.; ID.; CITIZENSHIP. — When the desired correction involve the matter of citizenship, neither alleged to have been due to the error of the employee or clerk in the Office of the Civil Registrar in copying or transcribing nor visible to the eye or obvious to the understanding, the same should be threshed out in an appropriate action and not in proceedings to correct mistakes under Art. 412 of the Civil Code.


    D E C I S I O N


    PARAS, J.:


    The petitioners filed in the Court of First Instance of Manila a petition to correct the birth certificate of their daughter, Marian Kathleen Black, who was born on April 15, 1955 in the City of Manila, by changing the latter’s citizenship appearing therein from "Canadian" to "American." The Solicitor General filed a motion to dismiss, alleging that the correction sought in the petition will substantially affect the child’s citizenship which is still controversial and therefore cannot be allowed under Article 412 of the new Civil Code which is applicable only to clerical mistakes. As the court granted the motion to dismiss, the petitioners have appealed.

    Clerical error is "one that is visible to the eyes or obvious to the understanding" (Maxwell v. Hammond, 55 Phil. 519). It is "an error made by a clerk or a transcriber; a mistake in copying or writing" (In re: Stewart, 48" N.Y.S. 957, 966, 24 App. Div. 201, quoted in Words and Phrases, Vol. 7, p. 472).

    In this case the act of writing the word "Canadian" in the birth certificates is not alleged to have been due to the error of the employee or clerk in the Office of the Civil Registrar of Manila who made the entry. Neither is the error visible to the eyes or obvious to the understanding. Upon the other hand, the desired correction involves the controversial matter of citizenship which should be threshed out in an appropriate action, and certainly not in proceedings to correct mistakes under Article 412 of the Civil Code.

    The order appealed from is therefore affirmed with costs against the appellants. So ordered.

    Bengzon, Padilla, Montemayor, Bautista Angelo, Labrador, Concepcion, Reyes, J.B.L. and Endencia, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-10869   November 28, 1958 - IN RE: ANDREW BALCK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. <br /><br />104 Phil 848


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