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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
October-1958 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-10397 October 16, 1958 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO IZON, ET AL.

    104 Phil 690

  • G.R. No. L-12019 October 16, 1958 - FAR EASTERN SURETY & INSURANCE CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    104 Phil 702

  • G.R. No. L-13396 October 22, 1958 - GREGORIO A. VENTURANZA, ET AL. v. ANTONIO CANIZARES, ETC., ET AL.

    104 Phil 711

  • G.R. No. L-10951 October 23, 1958 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. GREGORIO RAMIREZ

    104 Phil 720

  • G.R. No. L-11784 October 24, 1958 - MANILA GAS CORPORATION v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    104 Phil 727

  • G.R. No. L-11469 October 27, 1958 - FRUCTUOSO MOLDES, ET AL. v. MARIA SALUD MULLET

    104 Phil 731

  • G.R. No. L-11884 October 27, 1958 - STANLEY WINCH v. P. J. KIENER CO. LTD.

    104 Phil 735

  • Adm. Case No. 263 October 28, 1958 - IN RE: LEOPOLDO B. DORADO

    104 Phil 743

  • G.R. No. L-8431 October 30, 1958 - MADRIGAL SHIPPING COMPANY v. JESUS G. OGILVIE

    104 Phil 748

  • G.R. No. L-11071 October 30, 1958 - GODOFREDO SIMBRE v. MOISES AGUSTIN

    104 Phil 756

  • G.R. No. L-11177 October 30, 1958 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CIRILO MONROY, ET AL.

    104 Phil 759

  • G.R. No. L-11335 October 30, 1958 - SANTIAGO GANGCAYCO, ET AL. v. EMILIO BENITEZ

    104 Phil 765

  • G.R. No. L-11835 October 30, 1958 - FERNANDO HERMOSA v. ALFONSO ZOBEL Y ROXAS

    104 Phil 769

  • G.R. No. L-8418 October 31, 1958 - JOSE TIAOQUI v. G. A. CU UNJIENG, ET AL.

    104 Phil 775

  • G.R. No. L-10629 October 31, 1958 - BATANGAS TRANSPORTATION CO. v. GRACIANO REYES

    104 Phil 783

  • G.R. No. L-10912 October 31, 1958 - IN RE: ANSELMO LIM HOK ALBANO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    104 Phil 795

  • G.R. No. L-11537 October 31, 1958 - BRIGIDA MARISTELA v. HON. PASTOR P. REYES

    104 Phil 797

  • G.R. No. L-11637 October 31, 1958 - IN RE: WILLIAM ONG v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    104 Phil 801

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    G.R. No. L-10912   October 31, 1958 - IN RE: ANSELMO LIM HOK ALBANO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. <br /><br />104 Phil 795

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-10912. October 31, 1958.]

    In the matter of the petition of ANSELMO LIM HOK ALBANO, etc., to be admitted a citizen of the Philippines. ANSELMO LIM HOK ALBANO, etc., Petitioner-Appellant, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Oppositor-Appellee.

    Cirilo Paredes and Cornelio Antiquera for Appellant.

    Assistant Solicitor General Florencio Villamor and Solicitor Juan T. Alano for Appellee.


    SYLLABUS


    1. NATURALIZATION; QUESTION AFFECTING QUALIFICATIONS OF APPLICANT, WHEN MAY BE INVOKED. — The same court that granted the application for naturalization has jurisdiction to conduct a hearing (before the order becomes final and executory) to determine whether or not the applicant has complied with the requisites provided for in Republic Act No. 530; and any question affecting the purported right or qualifications of the applicant to become a Filipino citizen may be invoked at any stage of the proceedings.

    2. ID.; ID.; ALIASES; WHEN VIOLATIVE OF ANTI-ALIAS LAW. — The Anti-Alias Law is not violated if one uses a name with which he was christened or by which he has been known since childhood. While the applicant was baptized as Anselmo Lim Hok, he has always added "Albano," the surname of his godfather, in connection with his business and social dealings, merely to emphasize his identity. There is no showing that confusion or prejudice ever was or has been caused by the addition of that surname, the effect that Commonwealth Act No. 142 seeks to prevent.


    D E C I S I O N


    PARAS, J.:


    The appellant, Anselmo Lim Hok Albano, alias Lim Hok, alias Lim Hok Anselmo Albano, filed a petition for naturalization which, after due trial, was granted by the Court of First Instance of Ilocos Norte. Upon the expiration of the two-year probational period required in Section 1, Republic Act No. 530, a petition was filed for the appellant’s oath-taking and the issuance of his naturalization certificate. After hearing, the lower court denied the petition and a subsequent motion for reconsideration. Hence, this appeal.

    The appealed order of denial was based on the argument that the appellant has been using aliases in violation of Commonwealth Act No. 142. In the petition for naturalization it was alleged that appellant’s full name is Anselmo Lim Hok Albano, alias Lim Hok alias Lim Hok Anselmo Albano; and it is contended for the appellant that any opposition based on the alleged illegal used by the appellant of aliases should have been interposed during the hearing and before the granting of the petition for naturalization. This contention is tenable because the same court that granted the application for naturalization has jurisdiction to conduct a hearing (before the order becomes final and executory) to determine whether or not the applicant has complied with the requisites provided for in Republic Act No. 530; and any question affecting the purported right or qualifications of the applicant to become a Filipino citizen may be invoked at any stage of the proceedings. (Lim Lian v. Republic of the Philippines, G. R. No. L-3575, December 26, 1950; Yap Chin, alias Jose Go Tanse v. Republic of the Philippines, 93 Phil., 215.)

    The decisive question to be determined is whether appellant’s use of aliases comes within the contemplation of Commonwealth Act No. 142, otherwise known as the Anti-Alias Law. It is noteworthy that this law is not violated if one uses a name with which he was christened or by which he has been known since childhood. It is a matter of record that the name "Lim Hok" is one by which the appellant has been known since childhood and that, although he was baptized as Anselmo Lim Hok, he has always added "Albano", the surname of his godfather, Dionisio Albano, in connection with his business and social dealings, merely to emphasize his identity. There is no showing that confusion or prejudice ever was or has been caused by the addition of that surname, the effect that Commonwealth Act No. 142 seeks to prevent. (Francisco, Comments on the Revised Penal Code, First Ed., Book II, p. 223.) We are not thus prepared to hold that the appellant has violated the Anti-Alias Law.

    Wherefore, the order appealed from is reversed and the lower court ordered to allow the appellant to take his oath of allegiance and thereafter to direct the issuance of the corresponding certificate of Filipino citizenship. So ordered.

    Bengzon, Padilla, Montemayor, Bautista Angelo, Labrador, Concepcion, Reyes, J.B.L. and Endencia, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-10912   October 31, 1958 - IN RE: ANSELMO LIM HOK ALBANO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. <br /><br />104 Phil 795


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