Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1965 > June 1965 Decisions > G.R. Nos. L-16078-79 June 30, 1965 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. Nos. L-16078-79. June 30, 1965.]

THE DIRECTOR OF LANDS, Petitioner, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS and the MISAMIS LUMBER CO., INC., Respondents.

Solicitor General, for Petitioners.

Teodorico Durias and Capistrano & Capistrano, for Respondents.


SYLLABUS


1. APPEAL; DISMISSAL THEREOF AS A RESULT OF APPELLANT’S ADMISSION THAT HIS APPEAL IS INEXTRICABLY LINKED WITH ANOTHER APPEAL ALREADY DECIDED. — The admission of the Director of Lands that his appeal and that of Esteban Villanueva are inextricably linked and that the principal issues raised in both cases are the same, which admission is confirmed by the appellees, is a ground for dismissing his appeal, it appearing that the Supreme Court had already decided the appeal of Esteban Villanueva wherein the findings and conclusions of law by the Court of Appeals were affirmed in toto and said decision had already become final and executory.


D E C I S I O N


PAREDES, J.:


On September 9, 1959, the Court of Appeals rendered judgment in cases CA-G.R. Nos. 15472-R & 15473-R, entitled "Director of Lands, Petitioner-Appellee, v. Candelario Aba, Et Al., Oppositors, Esteban Villanueva, Claimant-Appellant," and "Esteban Villanueva, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Sinforoso Tagaytay, Et Al., Misamis Lumber Co., Inc., Et Al., Defendants-Appellant," respectively, the pertinent portions of which read:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"The issue in this case is whether the land in question is a public land subject to Esteban Villanueva’s sales application which has already been approved and awarded, or is the private property of the Misamis Lumber Company and the other defendants. The Director of Lands maintains that the entire lot 5308 is a public land, and that the area covered by Villanueva’s sales application is a portion thereof.

x       x       x


"It is our view that the possessory information title (registered on March 31, 1894) of Simeon Ledesma ripened into a title of ownership on April 1, 1914, that is, after twenty years of continuous possession, from the date of entry by him and from the moment of his death by his children there being no evidence that the said possession had in the meantime been legally interrupted. . . .

". . . When the company took actual possession of the land it did so in the exercise of its right of ownership previously acquired by symbolic tradition (. . .) In other words, the company’s actual possession of the land was possession as an element of ownership, and not possession for purposes of tradition or as a basis for acquiring ownership.

x       x       x


"The right of ownership of the Misamis Lumber Company over the land cannot be defeated by the subsequent declaration of the Bureau of Lands that the land was public land, or by a subsequent declaration, if there were one, of the Bureau of Forestry that the land was timber land.

x       x       x


"And even if there were no registered possessory information title over the land, the company’s continuous possession in the concept of owner, tacked to that of its predecessors-in-interest, having begun as far back as 1887, is sufficient to confer upon it effective title of ownership which is registrable under the land registration laws.

x       x       x


"With respect to the area of 30 hectares, subject of the suit to recover possession in civil case 859, claimed by Esteban Villanueva to have been purchased by him under a miscellaneous sales application from the Bureau of Lands, we have examined all the pertinent documentary evidence, and we agree, on the basis thereof, with the Director of Lands, that it is part of lot 5308. However, it is the same area that the Misamis Lumber Company cleared of trees and cultivated through tenants soon after it purchased two-thirds of the land in 1925, and is part of the land acquired by the Neri brothers. In view of this, Villanueva’s action in civil case 859 to recover possession of 30 hectares of land from the Misamis Lumber Company must necessarily fall, for it is obvious that the Bureau of Lands could not validly sell land which was not part of the public domain, land which already belonged to a private person, in this case, the Misamis Lumber Company (. . .).

"WHEREFORE, the judgment a quo is reversed, and another judgment is hereby entered:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"(1) In CA-G.R. No 15472-R (Cad. Case No 17, G.L.R.O Record No. 1640), adjudicating in favor of the Misamis Lumber Company, Inc., the southern portion of Lot 5308 containing an area of 371 hectares, more or less, which is south of Capucao river down to Lubolan creek, as shown in the sketch attached to the answer of the company; ordering the Director of Lands to segregate the said portion from Lot No. 5308, to be known as Lot No. 5308-A; and ordering the registration of this segregated portion in the name of the Misamis Lumber Company, Inc., subject, however, to the claim of Elpidio Balodo, Ireneo Campos, Simeon Sabrino, Heirs of Moises Gacasan, and Ramon Daomillas, which the company has recognized. The record is remanded to the lower court for implementation of our judgment and for compliance by the Director of Lands with our order.

"(2) In CA-G.R. No. 15473-R (Civil Case No. 859), dismissing the complaint of Esteban Villanueva and absolving the defendant-appellant Misamis Lumber Company.

"No special pronouncement as to costs in both cases."cralaw virtua1aw library

The Director of Lands and Esteban Villanueva appealed the above judgment to this Court, which were docketed as cases G.R. Nos. L-16076-77 (Villanueva’s appeal), and L-16978-79 (Director’s appeal).

In the appeal of the Director of Lands, which is subject of this discussion, the following were contained in his "Statement of the Case and of the Facts," to wit:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"This appeal by certiorari is inextricably linked with a similar appeal by certiorari docketed as G.R. Nos. L-16076-77, wherein one Esteban Villanueva, awarded of a sales patent by herein petitioner-appellant Director of Lands over the area involved herein is a petitioner-appellant. . . . A proper resolution therefore of this appeal will necessary hinge on the resolution by this Honorable Tribunal of Villanueva’s appeal aforementioned. For the sake of expediency, we are therefore, constrained, with the leave of this Honorable Court, to adopt as our own the statement of facts and of the case appearing on pages 2 to 15 of appellant Villanueva’s brief and adopt by reference all of said petitioner-appellant’s arguments contained in his aforesaid brief as additional arguments in this brief.

". . . Precisely, the principal questions raised in our assignment of errors herein are like those in appellant Villanueva’s brief in G.R. Nos. L-16076 — and so respectfully submit as erroneous conclusions drawn by the respondent Court of Appeals from the evidence, both documentary and testimonial that were submitted for its consideration in CA-G.R. Nos. 15472-R and 15473-R, culminating in this appeal by certiorari."cralaw virtua1aw library

Furthermore, the counter-statement of facts in respondents-appellees’ brief, states:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"This appeal by the Director of Lands involves the same questions of law, if any, alleged to be involved in the appeal of Esteban Villanueva in G.R. Nos. L-16076-77. Hence, to avoid repetition, the counter-statement of facts in respondents-appellees’ brief (pp. 1-5) in said G.R. Nos. L-16076-77 is herein incorporated by reference."cralaw virtua1aw library

The Director of Lands having expressly admitted that his appeal and that of Esteban Villanueva are inextricably linked and that the principal issues raised in both cases are the same, to which appellees agree, We are constrained to Dismiss the instant appeal. This is so, because on November 28, 1964, We decided the appeal of Esteban Villanueva in cases G.R. Nos. L-16076-77, wherein We Affirmed in toto the findings of facts and conclusions of law contained in the decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. Nos. 15472-R and 15473-R (Villanueva cases), which, may be said in passing, has already become final and executory.

CONFORMABLY WITH THE FOREGOING, THEREFORE, the instant appeal should be, as it is hereby dismissed. No costs.

Bengzon, C.J., Bautista Angelo, Concepcion, Reyes, J.B.L., Dizon, Regala, Makalintal, Bengzon, J.P., and Zaldivar, JJ., concur.

Barrera, J., is on leave.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com





June-1965 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-17647 June 16, 1965 - HERMINIA GODUCO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-19201 June 16, 1965 - REV. FR. CASIMIRO LLADOC v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17214 June 21, 1965 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CIRIACO ALIPIS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-19836 June 21, 1965 - GO A. LENG v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-16999 June 22, 1965 - IN RE: CHENG KIAT GIAM v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19111 June 22, 1965 - IN RE: CHIU BOK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20379 June 22, 1965 - IN RE: JOSE BERMAS, SR., ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-20489 June 22, 1965 - BOMBAY DEPT. STORE v. COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS

  • G.R. No. L-20716 June 22, 1965 - AGUSTIN DE AUSTRIA, ET AL v. HON. AGAPITO CONCHU

  • G.R. Nos. L-20847-9 June 22, 1965 - SERREE INVESTMENT CO. v. COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS

  • G.R. No. L-17189 June 22, 1965 - ANDRES CASTILLO v. JUAN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-17644 June 22, 1965 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LAMBERTO Y. GUEVARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17650 June 22, 1965 - KAPISANAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA MANILA RAILROAD CO. v. HON. JESUS DE VEYRA, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-17913 June 22, 1965 - MANILA RAILROAD CO. v. HON. JOSE M. MOYA, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-18569 June 22, 1965 - PLACIDO ANTONIO, ET AL. v. PETRONILO JACINTO

  • G.R. No. L-20288 June 22, 1965 - JOSE CASARIA, ET AL v. RICARDO ROSALES, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-22236 June 22, 1965 - GSIS v. GAUDENCIO CLORIBEL, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-17323 June 23, 1965 - CLAUDIO GABUTAS v. GUIDO D. CASTELLANES

  • G.R. No. L-19432 June 23, 1965 - COTABATO TIMBERLAND CO. INC. v. PLARIDEL LUMBER CO., INC.

  • G.R. No. L-19913 June 23, 1965 - IN RE: YU TI v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19914 June 23, 1965 - IN RE: TAN SANG v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19915 June 23, 1965 - IN RE: TANG KONG KIAT v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19916 June 23, 1965 - IN RE: ALEXANDER LIM UY v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20021 June 23, 1965 - IN RE: SERGIO TAN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20136 June 23, 1965 - IN RE: JOSE A. SANTOS Y DIAZ v. ANATOLIO BUENCONSEJO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-20431 June 23, 1965 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EUGENIO LIBED, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-20675 June 23, 1965 - BATANGAS TRANSPORTATION CO. v. TEODORO VELANDO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-20843 June 23, 1965 - EDWARD J. NELL CO. v. RICARDO CUBACUB, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-20987 June 23, 1965 - PHIL. LAND-AIR SEA LABOR UNION, ET AL. v. CEBU PORTLAND CEMENT CO., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-21470 June 23, 1965 - CONSUELO VDA. DE PRIETO v. PACIENCIA REYES, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-21856 June 23, 1965 - BENJAMIN BELISARIO v. MARCELO RAMIREZ

  • G.R. No. L-16636 June 24, 1965 - MLA. SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. BATH CONSTRUCTlON & CO., ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-19670 June 24, 1965 - PEDRO D. PAMINTUAN v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. L-16641 June 24, 1965 - FE RECIDO, ET AL v. ALFONSO T. REFASO, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-19897 June 24, 1965 - JOAQUIN TAN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. Nos. L-20824 & L-22218 June 24, 1965 - BERNARDINO GUERRERO & ASSOCIATES v. FRANCISCO TAN

  • G.R. No. L-19898 June 28, 1965 - IN RE: SEE YEK TEK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20830 June 28, 1965 - HILARIO GANANCIAL, ET AL v. LEONARDO ATILLO

  • G.R. No. L-12351 June 29, 1965 - COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS v. FELIX M. ICAMEN

  • G.R. No. L-18659 June 29, 1965 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTIPAS SAGARIO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-19851 June 29, 1965 - YU BAN CHUAN v. FIELDMEN’S INSURANCE CO., INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. L-20787-8 June 29, 1965 - J. ANTONIO ARANETA v. ANTONIO PEREZ

  • G.R. No. L-21071 June 29, 1965 - MANILA RAILROAD CO. v. DANIEL PEREZ, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-24406 June 29, 1965 - MANILA ELECTRIC CO. v. ENRIQUE MEDINA, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-15938 June 30, 1965 - CARMELINO DADAY, ET AL v. PASTOR L. DE GUZMAN, ET AL

  • G.R. Nos. L-16078-79 June 30, 1965 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-16236 June 30, 1965 - IRINEO S. BALTAZAR v. LINGAYEN GULF ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC., ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-16767 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: TAN NGA KOK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-16829 June 30, 1965 - OLEGARIO BRITO, ET AL v. COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION

  • G.R. No. L-17287 June 30, 1965 - JAIME HERNANDEZ, ET AL v. EPIFANIO T. VILLEGAS, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-17885 June 30, 1965 - GABRIEL P. PRIETO v. MEDEN ARROYO, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-18682 June 30, 1965 - NICOLAS DE LOS SANTOS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-19157 June 30, 1965 - INDIAN COMMERCIAL CO. v. CENTRAL BANK OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19281 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: PEDRO SATILLON, ET AL v. PERFECTA MIRANDA, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-19348 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: SEE HO KIAT v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19380 June 30, 1965 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GASPAR ASILUM, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-19636 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: ANTONIO SY v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-19780 June 30, 1965 - BENGUET CONSOLIDATED, INC. v. CECILIO MONTEMAYOR, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-19844 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: FRANK YU TIU v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20145 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: ONG SO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20208 June 30, 1965 - IN RE: ANTONIO UY v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-20462 June 30, 1965 - CALTEX (PHILIPPINES) INC. v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. L-20499 June 30, 1965 - BALANGA POWER PLANT CO. v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. L-20503 June 30, 1965 - PHIL. ASSO. OF GOV. RETIREES, INC. v. GSIS, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-23004 June 30, 1965 - MAKATI STOCK EXCHANGE, INC. v. SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION, ET AL

  • G.R. No. L-23244 June 30, 1965 - CHAMBER OF AGRI. & NATURAL RESOURCES OF THE PHILS., ET AL v. CENTRAL BANK OF THE PHILS.

  • G.R. No. L-24671 June 30, 1965 - FELICULO ISRAEL v. NUMERIANO G. ESTENZO, ET AL