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December-1990 Jurisprudence                 

  • [G.R. No. 32945 : December 3, 1990.] MARIANO T. NASSER, Petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS, HON. MALCOLM SARMIENTO, in his capacity as Presiding Judge, Court of First Instance of Pampanga, Branch I, AURORA RIVERA CANLAS, PATERNO R. CANLAS, and TOMAS CENTILLAS, Respondents. [G.R. No. 32946. December 3, 1990.] MARIANO T. NASSER, Petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS, PATERNO R. CANLAS, AURORA RIVERA-CANLAS, TOMAS CENTILLAS and THE CHIEF OF POLICE OF SAN ISIDRO, DAVAO ORIENTAL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 39430 : December 3, 1990.] FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, DELFIN SANGCAP, DOMINGO SANGCAP, PEDRO CUNANAN, FAUSTO DE LA PENA and HONORATA DE LA PENA, Petitioners, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. JUDGE LORENZO R. MOSQUEDA, HON. JUDGE VIRGILIO CANIVEL, TEODORO RIVERA, PABLO RIVERA, RENATO RIVERA and BONIFACIO RIVERA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 55466 : December 3, 1990.] MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC., Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and WILLIAM H. QUASHA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 78778 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 814 LEONIDA CORONADO, FELIX BUENO, MELANIA RETIZOS, BERNARDINO BUENASEDA and JOVITA MONTEFALCON, Petitioners, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS and JUANA BUENO ALBOVIAS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 79560 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 823 ANDRES E. DITAN, Petitioner, vs. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ASIAWORLD RECRUITMENT, INC., AND/OR INTRACO SALES CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80904 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 830 BALTAZAR, PEDRO, URSULA, and DOMINGO, all surnamed PANTIG, Petitioners, vs. VENANCIO BALTAZAR, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 82115 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 836 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ROMEO ORTIZ y BALLARES, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 84884 : December 3, 1990.] EULALIO M. RUIZ and ILUMINADA RUIZ, Petitioners, vs. HON. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, THE CITY SHERIFF OF MANILA AND/OR HIS DEPUTIES, ZENAIDA SANGALANG and ADOLFO CRUZ, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 87264 : December 3, 1990.] MARIANO DINGLASAN and FELICIDAD DINGLASAN, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, Presiding Judge of Branch 159, Regional Trial Court, Pasig, Metro Manila, National Capital Judicial Region, The GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM, and CONCEPCION T. TINIO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 89545 : December 3, 1990.] SPOUSES ROLANDO DOLORFINO and MONINA FULE, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS, SEVERO ALCOS and EFIGENIA DE LUNA-ALCOS, Respondents.

  • [UDK No. 9864 : December 3, 1990.] RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB, Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS, PRESIDING JUDGE of the [CAR] RTC, Branch 4, Iligan City, and SPOUSES DOMINGO and EUGENIA MARTIL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 58668 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 1 SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ERNESTO VILLANUEVA, FELIXBERTO VILLANUEVA, and LOURDES VILLANUEVA, Petitioners, vs. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES and TEODORO MEDINA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 71929 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 9 ALITALIA, Petitioner, vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT and FELIPA E. PABLO, Respondents.

  • 192 SCRA 21 CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA, Petitioner, vs. THE INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, JESUS BERNAS and REMEDIOS Q. BERNAS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80505 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 28 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MARIO TANDOY y LIM, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 80791 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 34 PEOPLE'S FINANCING CORP. and ENRIQUE V. ARCENAS, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS (Sixteenth Division), GAUDIOSO MANLIGUEZ and PURIFICACION MANLIGUEZ, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 86586 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 42 NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION, Petitioner, vs. HONORABLE TEODORO P. REGINO, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 84, QUEZON CITY and CONSTRUCTION SERVICES OF AUSTRALIA-PHILIPPINES INC., Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 86889 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 51 LUZ FARMS, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 88177 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 84 DOLORES A. PAREDES, Petitioner, vs. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION AND REMEDIOS A. AMOR, Respondents. [G.R. No. 89530 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 84 DOLORES A. PAREDES, Petitioner, vs. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD AND REMEDIOS A. AMOR, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 93054 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 100 Cordillera Regional Assembly Member ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, (Banaue), Ifugao Provincial Board Member CORAZON MONTINIG, (Mayoyao), Former Vice-Mayor MARTIN UDAN (Banaue), Municipal Councilors MARTIN GANO, (Lagawe), and TEODORO HEWE, (Hingyon), Barangay Councilman PEDRO W. DULAG (Lamut); Aguinaldo residents SANDY B. CHANGIWAN, and DONATO TIMAGO; Lamut resident REY ANTONIO; Kiangan residents ORLANDO PUGUON, and REYNAND DULDULAO; Lagawe residents TOMAS KIMAYONG, GREGORIO DANGO, GEORGE B. BAYWONG, and VICENTE LUNAG; Hingyon residents PABLO M. DULNUAN and CONSTANCIO GANO; Mayoyao residents PEDRO M. BAOANG, LEONARDO IGADNA, and MAXIMO IGADNA; and Banaue residents PUMA-A CULHI, LATAYON BUTTIG, MIGUEL PUMELBAN, ANDRES ORDILLO, FEDERICO MARIANO, SANDY BINOMNGA, GABRIEL LIMMANG, ROMEO TONGALI, RUBEN BAHATAN, MHOMDY GABRIEL, and NADRES GHAMANG, Petitioners, vs. THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS; The Honorable FRANKLIN M. DRILON, Secretary of Justice; Hon. CATALINO MACARAIG, Executive Secretary; The Cabinet Officer for Regional Development; Hon. GUILLERMO CARAGUE, Secretary of Budget and Management; and Hon. ROSALINA S. CAJUCOM, OIC, National Treasurer, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 30616 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 110 EUFRACIO D. ROJAS, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G.R. No. 36827 : December 10, 1990.] THE DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, THE DIRECTOR OF LANDS and THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners, vs. HON. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, HERMOGENES CONCEPCION, JR., and EMILIO A. GANCAYCO, ET AL., Respondents. [G.R. No. 56622 : December 10, 1990.] THE DIRECTOR OF LANDS and THE DIRECTOR OF FOREST DEVELOPMENT, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS (Ninth Division), GREGORIO A. LEGASPI and VALENTINA CERVANIA, Respondents. [G.R. No. 70076 : December 10, 1990.] REYNALDA ESPEJO, BENITA GARLITOS and ENRIQUETA OXCIANO, Petitioners, vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, HON. ANTONIO M. BELEN, as Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Lingayen, Pangasinan Branch XXXVIII and ASTERIO SAURA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 44749 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 141 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MELVIN GIRON y SANTOS, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 50661 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 151 RUBEN DELFIN, BENITO DOLOSA, CORNELIO AGUILAR, ANASTACIO GORDOLA, CESAR PANALIGAN, LUIS VIESCA, VICENTE GUADAMOR, JUAN CAGATIN, SIMEON CHICA, REYNALDO CINCO, WILFREDO IPAS, SIMEON TAGAYONA, FLORENCIO SINAMBAN, FERMINIO DIEGO, POLICARPIO DILE, EDDIE DE CASTRO, AQUILINO CABILITASAN, CRISOGONO CANTERO, GUALBERTO REBUSTER, RODOLFO GATCHALIAN, ANGELITO DOMINGO, FERNANDO JOVER, RAFAEL SALCEDO, SIMON DIANA, BENJAMIN GONZALES, JR., BENIGNO ROJA, DEMETRIO SIMEON, JOSE TELAN, HILARIO VILLANUEVA, NICK FRANCISCO, PACIFICO DALIPE, EUPEMIO DALITE, ARTEMIO DE CASTRO, ISABELO RASTICA, ANECITO RASTICA, LAMBERTO NIETO, ESMERALDO TATEL, PASCUAL BATOCTOY, ESMENIO PATRICIO, ARMANDO DE GUZMAN, JESUS MALLARI, JOSE MALLARI, SULPICIO MALLARI, GENEROSO COS, AGAPITO ESPINOSA, VIRGILIO SEVAÑES, RICARDO MANZAN, OSCAR BENSOL, PABLO DIAGSAY, EMILIO DIAGSAY, PAULINO COMETA, MATERO COREA, BENJAMIN LACANARIA, GAUDY TIU, JOVENCIO AGUILAR, ROMULO POSADA, RICARDO POSIC, ALFONSO SALGADO, RICARDO TAGANAP, ARMANDO RAMIREZ, FELIPE RAMIRES, EDELBERTO BERNARDO, PONCIANO MONTILLA, JUAN MONTILLA, IGNACIO PANCHITO, JEORGE SERRAN, VICTOR IGNIS, LUCAS IGAT, BARTOLOME MAGDAEL, AUGUSTO ROSALINAS, RAFAEL SOCITO, JORGE CO, LUCINO WAGAN, CELSO BARADA, WINSTON DIENZO, PAULINO SANCHEZ, ELESEO SANCHES, CONRADO SANCHES, GENEROSO ANTONIO, AGUSTIN LOPEZ, RUDY SOCITO, SEGUNDO SOCITO, JOAQUIN PARAS, DOMINADOR BUTAHON, GERMOGENES GINGCO, HONORIO DETOITO, ELIGIO MENDOZA, RUBEN QUITORIANO, LEON DELA CRUZ, PACITO SALES, ANTONIO CEMANES, IRENEO LUBUGIN, FORTUNATO MATO, ROMEO MERIC, ALBERTO GALLO, MELCHOR SALGADO, SIMEON QUIJANO, ANTONIO CARAAN, CARLITO GUZMAN, ALBERTO SALMON, FELIMON TAN, FERNANDO FAUSTINO, CONRADO DAVID, REYNALDO NOLASCO, ANTONIO NIETO, JAIME CAMACHO, ALBERTO PANGLAO, ROSAURO GANAC, ALFREDO ARCABIO, PEDRO MANASALA, VICENTE BELARMINO, ROMULO SIOCO, SEVERINO ATIENZA, JR., RUFO ABALOS, JESUS POSADA, ALBINO BACARRO, ERNESTO DAJAY, WILFREDO VILLALON, CELESTINO BACARRO, MANUEL TOLENTINO, ERNESTO ANTONIO, OSCAR ABUNDIO, ZOSIMO IJARES, RUBEN ARISTORENAS, GAUDENCIO CASTILLO, DOMINGO DELA TORRE, DANILO RONCADA, RAFEL PUPA, ALFONSO SAPINORO, LUISITO JACRIQUE, MARCELINO BESA, ANSELMO DATELES, ALBERTO PALCULAN, BIENVENIDO FUENSALIDA AND JOSE ORZAL, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. AMADO G. INCIONG in his capacity as Deputy Minister of Labor; NLRC Commissioners DIEGO ATIENZA, CLETO VILLATUYA and GERONIMO QUADRA; ATLANTIC CONTAINER CORPORATION; INLAND INDUSTRIES, INC., LAZARO ARRIOLA, BIENVENIDO KATALBAS, AURORA JEREZA, GOSHI DE YULO AND PAZ YULO AND ROBERTO JACINTO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 55361 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 163 SPOUSES TEOFILO ERCILLO and TERESITA ERCILLO, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and SPOUSES LUTGARDA CIFRA and BENJAMIN CIFRA, SR., represented by their son and attorney-in-fact, BENJAMIN CIFRA, JR., and HON. JOSE P. CASTRO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 55613 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 169 ERNESTO DICHOSO, Petitioner, vs. The HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS and TEODOLFO RAMOS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 56620 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 177 FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., BUENAVENTURA TAN and VIRGINIA DUMLAO-TAN, Petitioners, vs. HON. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, in his capacity as Presiding Judge of the Court of First Instance of Manila, Branch II, ASSOCIATED CITIZENS BANK and OSCAR V. ATAYDE, in his capacity as the Deputy Sheriff of the CFI-Manila, Branch II, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 69863-65 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 183 LINO BROCKA, BENJAMIN CERVANTES, COSME GARCIA, RODOLFO SANTOS, VALENTINO SALIPSIP, RICARDO VEGA, ERIC MARIANO, JOSE EMMANUEL OYALES, RONNIE MATTA, ALFREDO VIAJE, RUBEN EUGENIO, REYNALDO ORTIZ, ORLANDO ORTIZ, NOEL REYES, EDUARDO IMPERIAL, NESTOR SARMIENTO, FRANCO PALISOC, VIRGILIO DE GUZMAN, ALBERTO REYES, JESSIE PINILI, ROMULO AUGUIS, DOMINADOR RESURRECION III, RONNIE LAYGO, ROSAURO ROQUE, CLARENCE SORIANO, OCTAVO DEPAWA, CARLITO LA TORRE, SEVERNO ILANO, JR., DOMINGO CAJIPE, ALAN ALEGRE, RAMON MARTINEZ, MA. GILDA HERNANDEZ, EDNA P. VILLANUEVA, DOLLY S. CANU, MELQUIADES C. ATIENZA, ELIGIO P. VERA CRUZ, ROGER C. BAGAN, ABUNDIO M. CALISTE, Petitioners, vs. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, MAJ. GENERAL FIDEL V. RAMOS, BRIG. GENERAL PEDRO BALBANERO, COL. ABAD, COL. DAWIS, SERGIO APOSTOL, P/LT, RODOLFO M. GARCIA and JUDGE RICARDO TENSUAN, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 74762 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 191 COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION, Petitioner, vs. COMMISSIONERS, SECOND DIVISION, NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, and PEDRO UMLAS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 78163 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 199 ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO, Petitioner, vs. The Honorable DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY and HI-CEMENT CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 79962 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 209 LUCIO R. CRUZ, Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS AND CONRADO Q. SALONGA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80397 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 224 S & A GAISANO INCORPORATED, CANUTO CUPIN, represented by his son Salvador P. Cupin as Attorney-in-Fact; VICENTE CUPIN; EVARISTO CUPIN, represented by his wife Marites R. Cupin as Attorney-in-Fact; RAMON CUPIN; FE CUPIN and BUENAVENTURA CUPIN, both represented by their brother Ramon Cupin as Attorney-in-Fact, Petitioners, vs. HON. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, Executive and Presiding Judge of Regional Trial Court of Butuan City and Agusan del Norte; Branch V, Region X; VICTOR CHAN; ATTY. ARTURO RICAFORTE, in his capacity as Register of Deeds of Butuan City; CITY ENGINEER VICTORIOSO GO, in his capacity as National Building Official of Butuan City, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 82215 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 232 ANTIPAZ PRESCO y PARAS, ANTONIO AMORES y PARAS, and ANSELMA PARAS, Petitioners, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. MARIANO UMALI, Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Cavite, Branch 25, Trece Martires City, HON. EDWINA P. MENDOZA, Judge of the Municipal Trial Court of General Trias, Cavite, MODESTO PARAS, and SIMPLICIO SANCHEZ, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 82374 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 242 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ERNESTO AVILA y MENDOZA AND JOHN DOE, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 82495 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 246 ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION, Petitioner, vs. HON. SECRETARY SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ (Public Respondent) and ALFREDO CHING (Private Respondent), Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 84132-33 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 257 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY AND NEW AGRIX, INC., Petitioners, vs. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, THE EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF and GODOFREDO QUILING, in his capacity as Deputy Sheriff of Calamba, Laguna, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 85531 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 266 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AMANDO TASARRA and ABELARDO TASARRA, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 89988 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 274 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. LYDIA RAMA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 91041 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 277 JOSE A. SADDUL, JR., Petitioner, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS and THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. P-86-32 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 288 ALFREDO LLANES, complainant, vs. GAUDIOSO BORJA, DEPUTY SHERIFF, RTC, BRANCH 19, NAGA CITY, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 31688 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 296 DIRECTOR OF LANDS, DIRECTOR OF FORESTRY and REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners, vs. HON. JUAN P. AQUINO, as Judge of the Court of First Instance of Abra, Second Judicial District and ABRA INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 68514 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 305 TRADERS ROYAL BANK, Petitioner, vs. HON. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT and HON. GREGORIO S. CENDAÑA, in his capacity as DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL MEDIA PRODUCTION CENTER (NMPC), Respondents

  • [G.R. No. 71589 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 315 CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC., Petitioner, vs. OFFICE OF THE MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, represented by Deputy Minister VICENTE LEOGARDO, JR. and ANGEL CHAVES, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 76303 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 320 DIRECTOR OF LANDS, Petitioner, vs. SPOUSES FRANCISCO K. REDOR and ANGELITA CASTRO, and HON. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR., Presiding Judge of the Regional Trial Court, Branch XXVII, Sta. Cruz, Laguna, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 78623 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 326 DR. OFELIA P. TRISTE, Petitioner, vs. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, namely: Hon. Lourdes R. Quisumbing, Secretary of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports and Chairman of the Board and/or Dr. Minda C. Sutaria as the authorized representative; Dr. Purificacion M. Flores, President of the Leyte State College and Vice-Chairman of the Board; Director Venancio Baclagon, National Economic and Development Authority, Regional Office No. VIII and Member of the Board; HON. SEDFREY A. ORDOÑEZ, Secretary of Justice and Chairman of the Review Committee under Executive Order No. 17; and DR. CRES V. CHAN-GONZAGA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 83530 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 342 CRISTITO AUSTRIA y RODIS, Petitioner-Appellant, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES and THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, Respondents-Appellees.

  • [G.R. No. 93867 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 358 SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR., Petitioner, vs. HAYDEE B. YORAC, in her capacity as ACTING CHAIRPERSON of the COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, Respondent.

  • [G.R. Nos. 95203-05 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 363 SENATOR ERNESTO MACEDA, Petitioner, vs. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD (ERB); MARCELO N. FERNANDO, ALEJANDRO B. AFURONG; REX V. TANTIONGCO; and OSCAR E. ALA, in their collective official capacities as Chairman and Members of the Board (ERB), respectively; CATALINO MACARAIG, in his quadruple official capacities as Executive Secretary, Chairman of Philippine National Oil Company; Office of the Energy Affairs, and with MANUEL ESTRELLA, in their respective official capacities as Chairman and President of the Petron Corporation; PILIPINAS SHELL PETROLEUM CORPORATION; with CESAR BUENAVENTURA and REY GAMBOA as chairman and President, respectively; CALTEX PHILIPPINES with FRANCIS ABLAN, President and Chief Executive Officer; and the Presidents of Philippine Petroleum Dealer's Association, Caltex Dealer's Co., Petron Dealer's Asso., Shell Dealer's Asso. of the Phil., Liquefied Petroleum Gas Institute of the Phils., any and all concerned gasoline and petrol dealers or stations; and such other persons, officials, and parties, acting for and on their behalf; or in representation of and/or under their authority, Respondents. [G.R. Nos. 95119-21 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 363 OLIVER O. LOZANO, Petitioner, vs. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD (ERB), PILIPINAS SHELL PETROLEUM CORPORATION, CALTEX (PHIL.), INC., and PETRON CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 95263 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 374 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. JUVENAL KYAMKO, Accused-Appellant.

  • [A.C. No. 2756 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 381 PRUDENTIAL BANK, Petitioner, vs. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 44167 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 388 JULITA FRANCISCO and her husband, HERMENEGILDO TANKENKO, and RESTITUTO FRANCISCO and his wife, FELISA ABEJO, Petitioners, vs. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, Judge of the Court of First Instance of Bulacan; FRANCISCA FRANCISCO, MAXIMA FRANCISCO and FRANCISCO FRANCISCO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 88710-13 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 396 UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES (UFE), MANUEL L. SARMIENTO, BENJAMIN M. ALTAREJOS, RODOLFO D. PAGLINAWAN, CARMELITA G. NUQUI, CORAZON Y SAZON, RODRIGO P. LUCAS, RUDOLPH C. ARMAS, EDUARDO A. ABELLA, ANGEL A. CANETE, JUANITO T. CAPILI, ADOLFO S. CASTILLO, JR., PONCIANO A. CARINGAL, ERIBERTO S. LEONARDO, ADELAIDA B. MIRA, EUGENIA C. NUÑEZ, PAZ B. SAN JOSE, VENUSITO S. SOLIS, EMMANUEL S. VILLENA, ALFONSO R. RICAFRENTE, MELANIO C. LANTIN, AMADOR M. MONTOJO, RODOLFO M. MUNSOD, RENATO P. DIAZ, RODRIGO M. URGELLES, CARLOS B. SAN JOSE, EUSTAQUIO E. BUNYI, NELSON P. CENTENO, SOTERO A. GACUTAN, GUILLERMO G. DE BORJA, DIONISIO H. NIPALES, EUGENIO S. SAN PEDRO, MANUEL DELA FUENTE, CARLO MEDINA, CESAR B. PONCE, JORGE B. CASTRO, JR., RICARDO AREVALO, REY M. BEO, FELIX ESGUERRA, REYNALDO ALMENANZA, MELITON C. ROXAS (as represented by his surviving spouse, MA. CORAZON ROXAS), ROMEO A. ARANDELA, ISIDRO A. NATIVIDAD, EMILIANO M. SAYAO, CELSO J. CENIDO, PAUL C. MEJARES, SILVERIO C. PAMPANG, DIONISIO S. CANLOBO, GILBERT C. NOBLE, RODOLFO D. CALONG-CALONG, SR., PEPITO Q. QUITLONG, DIONISIO C. COMPLETO, ANTONIO T. AVELINO, ANGELITO PAYABYAB, ISAIAS A. RIEZA, DEODITO M. BELARMINO, QUEZON G. MATEO, CARLITO PRE, CIPRIANO P. LUPEBA, EFREN P. DINSAY, WILDON C. BARROS, SUSAN A. BERRO, MANUEL A. LAVIN, ROY U. BACONGUIS, JEROME T. FIEL, ANASTACIO G. CABALLERO, JR., ROGELIO E. RAIZ, JOSE T. ISIDTO, ANGELITO M. ANICIETE, RAUL ROBERTO C. NANQUIL, LIZA T. VILLANUEVA, CESAR S. CRUZ, REYNALDO L. CALIGUIA, ERNESTO M. SOLOMON, OSCAR G. AGUINALDO, DIEGO P. OLIVA, JAIME D. NILLAS, ELPIDIO A. HERMOCILLA, DANTE L. ESCOSURA, FEDERICO P. CONTEMPRATO, LAURO C. MAKILING, RENATO O. MINDANAO, RAFAEL C. TURA AND QUINTIN J. PEDRIDO, JR., Petitioners, vs. NESTLÉ PHILIPPINES, INC., NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, HON. EDUARDO G. MAGNO, HON. ZOSIMO T. VASALLO and HON. EVANGELINE S. LUBATON, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 91025 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 414 UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION and NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 95478 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 430 EDUARDO ACOP, ROGER ALMENDAREZ, BIENVENIDO AMBRAY, BENITO ARELLANO, WILLIAM ARMENDARES, HERMINIO ARREZA, TEODORO ARREZA, PEREGRINO BANGUIS, MOISES BARENG, HIPOLITO BONGGOT, RAMON BUCALON, MELITO BUENAVIDES, FELIX CAGONG, LORENZO CALIWATAN, ANGEL CALUMBA, HENRY CARIAGA, GEORGE CASANO, REYNALDO CAPUTOLAN, FELOMENO CHATO, JULIETO CONGSIGNA, REYMUNDO CUADRA, EUFRONIO CUBERO, BIENVENIDO CURAYAG, RUDICASTRO CURAYAG, JOVENCIO DARAY, DAVID DE LEON, NELSON ECHIN, ROLANDO ESCATRON, BERTINO ESPINOLA, CRESENCIO FRANCIS, MATEO FRIAS, RODOLFO FUENTES, BENEDICTO GALLOGO, HERMANO GALOPE, JORGE GALVE, ERNESTO GONABO, VIRGILIO GRUMO, JEMELITO GUBAL, RICARDO GUILLEN, GENEROSO HERNANDEZ, JR., NELSON JABAY, EMILIO JACINTO, EMELIANO JALA, JR., IGNACIO JURALBAR, ALFREDO LOMOLJO, CELESTINO LOMOLJO, EDUARDO LOPEZ, LUCIO LOPIO, SAMUEL LOREDO, NORBERTO LORIA, MARCOS LOSIS, MARIO LUENGAS, NICOLAS MAGHINAY, ROGELIO MATILDO, FLORANTE MIRANDA, ANACLETO MONTON, NARCISO MONTON, ERNESTO OROZCO, CHARLITO ORQUITA, MERLCHOR PANTO, CASIMIRO PEREGRINO, EDUARDO PLAZA, NELSON PLAZA, PAQUITO PLAZA, PEDRO PLAZA, FREDIOMIO QUIÑONES, PEPE RAMIREZ, JOEL REMEDIO, EDUARDO REVELLEZA, GERALDO ROSIL, JR., TEMESTOCLES RUBENAL, REMEGIO SABUSIDO, ROGER SOTES, BELTRANO SULLANO, JAIME SULLANO, ERNIE TACUGDOY, WENIFREDO TOCMO, SR., PAQUITO TRUGILLO, ANIOLITO URBIZTONDO, ROMARICO URIARTE DARIO ORQUIZA, BERTINO VALLEJO, FRANCISCO VEGA, CRESENCIO YPARRAGUIRRE, RUDY YPARUAGUIRRI and EDUARDO SACRAGON, SR., Petitioners, vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, (Fifth Division), SURIGAO DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (SUDECOR) and RET. GEN. REYNALDO G. DILAN, Vice President for Field Operations & Administration, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 434 EFREN JAVIER and PEDRO JAVIER, Complainants, vs. JUDGE SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR., Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 46198 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 445 DOMINGO REYES, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE JUDGE SERAFIN

  • [G.R. No. 53556 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 454 LILIA AGUIRRE, GENATO AGUIRRE and BENITO AGRAVA, Petitioners, vs. THE HONORABLE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, BRANCH III, EDUARDO TAMPIL and LETICIA A. TAMPIL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 72019 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 459 WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES, Petitioner, vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT AND J.R. LITHOPLATES, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 81835 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 469 ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ, Petitioner, vs. THE HON. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, in his capacity as presiding judge of Regional Trial Court of Cavite, Branch XVI, Cavite City, Municipality of Rosario, Cavite, former Mayor Calixto D. Enriquez of Rosario, Cavite, and Valeriano Espiritu of Mabolo, Bacoor, Cavite, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 82002 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 478 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN y DE DIOS, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. Nos. 86492-94 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 483 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 88114 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 492 PENTAGON SECURITY and INVESTIGATION AGENCY, Petitioner, vs. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL., and NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, SECOND DIVISION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 89618 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 496 HON. RAUL S. MANGLAPUS, in his capacity as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Petitioner, vs. HON. ANDRES E. MATIAS, Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Manila (Branch 45) and GAVINO P. ABAYA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 92029-30 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 507 NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR., Petitioner, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, Former Fifth Division, HON. REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, National Capital Judicial Region, Br. 48, Manila, and ENRIQUE KP. TAN, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 93394 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 514 FNCB FINANCE, Petitioner, vs. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 43659 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 521 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, vs. HON. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON and FEDERICO DE GUZMAN, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 48535-36 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 533 KOH TIECK HENG, Petitioner, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES and COURT OF APPEALS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 49454 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 548 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellant, vs. SALVADOR MONTEIRO, Appellee.

  • [G.R. No. 49588 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 554 DIONG BI CHU, alias PATRICK CHANG, CHANG KA HEE and LU LIONG CORPORATION, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. GREGORIO G. PINEDA, as Presiding Judge, Court of First Instance of Rizal, Branch XXI; JAIME NAVOA and MILAGROS DE LEOS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 63753-54 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 561 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ARTURO DEVARAS, ARTEMIO TULANG (at large), and RUFINO CAMINONG (at large), accused. GREGORIO BERINGUEL and ARTURO DEVARAS, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 76519 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 575 TIMOTEO POJAS, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT JUDGE, CITY OF TAGBILARAN, IRENEA POJAS, CESARIA LAGROSA and CORNELIA BETINOL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 78551-52 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 579 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO y VILLANUEVA and ANTONIO MARCEDONIO y VILLANUEVA, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 78854 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 588 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ alias "Jun Plementero", Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 79526 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 598 NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS (NAFTU), Petitioner, vs. MAINIT LUMBER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY WORKERS UNION-UNITED LUMBER AND GENERAL WORKERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. (MALDECOWU-ULGWP), Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80276 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 604 HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION, Petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF TAX APPEALS and THE HON. DEPUTY MINISTER OF FINANCE, ALFREDO PIO DE RODA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 83257-58 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 612 OSIAS ACADEMY and MONICA R. DE CASTRO, Petitioners, vs. THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, CONCHITA MERCADO, NECITAS GACIS, EVELYN B. GARAIS, ESTRELLA GATON, EVA L. CAYETANO, TERESA G. BILAZON, SUSAN G. FUELLAS, ELVIRA D. GACIS, LOURDES CORREA, JULIETA A. MANALO, NILA G. GABELO and TEODORO GUANIZO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 83696 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 621 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. DANTE BARTULAY Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 84918 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 635 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 87807 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 644 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ISAGANI DESLATE and ROMY FRANCISCO alias "Romeo Francisco", Accused, ISAGANI DESLATE, Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 89407 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 649 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ISABELO SANCHEZ y PANDILI, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. Nos. 89682-83 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 655 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. BENJAMIN HERICO, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 91513 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 663 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. GERONIMO GOLES, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 43491 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 674 ATTY. TEODORO V. CABILAN & ALEJANDRO A. PARALISAN, Petitioners, vs. HON. JUDGE JOSE R. RAMOLETE & PROVINCIAL/CITY JAIL WARDEN of Cebu City, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 46210 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 680 RICARDO VILLAFLOR, Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,** Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 61527 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 691 VICENTE GERARDO, VALENTINA GERARDO, CORNELIO GERARDO, BENJAMIN GERARDO, ANGEL GERARDO, & CONSTANTE GERARDO, Petitioners, vs. HON. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, Presiding Judge, Branch VI, Court of First Instance of Ilocos Norte, TERESA ANTONIO BELZA, VISITACION ANTONIO ADINA, ILUMINADA PASCUA ANTONIO, FELICIDAD BATACAN MATA, POLICARPO BATACAN, BASILIO BATACAN, ISABEL BANGLOY, IRINEO BANGLOY, EDUARDO BANGLOY, DIONICIO BANGLOY, DOMINGA BANGLOY, and ERMINIO BANGLOY, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 70556 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 698 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MARIO ABLAO, ISAGANI SACOP, LEOPOLDO DE GUZMAN, PEDRO LADIANA, ZENON SAMONTE, ALFREDO DEL MUNDO, BRUNO ABLAO, ISIDORO GALEMA, DANILO MERCADO, RUSTICO LIWANAG, FRANCISCO BALDEMECA, HECTOR SAMONTE and DAVID ABLAO, accused, MARIO ABLAO, ISAGANI SACOP, LEOPOLDO DE GUZMAN, PEDRO LADIANA, ZENON SAMONTE, and ALFREDO DEL MUNDO, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 77668 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 709 SPOUSES EUFRACIO ROJAS AND CONCEPCION ROJAS, Petitioners, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, AND SPOUSES FELIX E. MEDALLA AND DIONISIA PACATAN MEDALLA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 81039 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 725 INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners, vs. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC. and GENE V. TAMESIS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 85157 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 735 FRANCISCO JOSE, ANTONIO, ERLINDA, JOVITA, ARACELI, DOLORES, VIRGINIA, MARTA, LEDINIA, and ANITA, all surnamed RAMON JAO, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and LAUREANA C. VDA. DE BAIRAN, as administratrix of the Estate of Pablo Bairan, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 88336 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 743 REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE SANDIGANBAYAN (FIRST DIVISION), Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 92625 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 768 JOSE ORDA and IMELDA LOZADA, Petitioners, vs. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS and GIL GALANG Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 32945 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO T. NASSER v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 39430 December 3, 1990 - FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55466 December 3, 1990 - MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78778 December 3, 1990 - LEONIDA CORONADO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79560 December 3, 1990 - ANDRES E. DITAN v. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80904 December 3, 1990 - BALTAZAR PANTIG, ET AL. v. VENANCIO BALTAZAR

  • G.R. No. 82115 December 3, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. ORTIZ

  • G.R. No. 84884 December 3, 1990 - EULALIO M. RUIZ, ET AL. v. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 87264 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO DINGLASAN, ET AL. v. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89545 December 3, 1990 - ROLANDO DOLORFINO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • UDK No. 9864 December 3, 1990 - RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 58668 December 4, 1990 - SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71929 December 4, 1990 - ALITALIA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74577 December 4, 1990 - CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80505 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO L. TANDOY

  • G.R. No. 80791 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE’S FINANCING CORP., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86586 December 4, 1990 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. TEODORO P. REGINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86889 December 4, 1990 - LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF THE DEPT. OF AGRARIAN REFORM

  • G.R. No. 88177 December 4, 1990 - DOLORES A. PAREDES v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93054 December 4, 1990 - ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 30616 December 10, 1990 - EUFRACIO D. ROJAS v. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA

  • G.R. No. 36827 December 10, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, ET AL. v. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 44749 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELVIN S. GIRON

  • G.R. No. 50661 December 10, 1990 - RUBEN DELFIN, ET AL. v. AMADO G. INCIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55361 December 10, 1990 - TEOFILO ERCILLO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55613 December 10, 1990 - ERNESTO DICHOSO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56620 December 10, 1990 - FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 69863-65 December 10, 1990 - LINO BROCKA, ET AL. v. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74762 December 10, 1990 - COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONERS, NLRC, SECOND DIVISION

  • G.R. No. 78163 December 10, 1990 - ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO v. DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79962 December 10, 1990 - LUCIO R. CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80397 December 10, 1990 - S & A GAISANO INC., ET AL. v. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82215 December 10, 1990 - ANTIPAZ P. PRESCO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82374 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO M. AVILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82495 December 10, 1990 - ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION v. SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 84132-33 December 10, 1990 - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85531 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMANDO TASARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89988 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYDIA RAMA

  • G.R. No. 91041 December 10, 1990 - JOSE A. SADDUL, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-86-32 December 10, 1990 - ALFREDO LLANES v. GAUDIOSO BORJA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 31688 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. JUAN P. AQUINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 68514 December 17, 1990 - TRADERS ROYAL BANK v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71589 December 17, 1990 - CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC. v. MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76303 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. FRANCISCO K. REDOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78623 December 17, 1990 - OFELIA P. TRISTE v. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83530 December 18, 1990 - CRISTITO R. AUSTRIA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93867 December 18, 1990 - SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR. v. HAYDEE B. YORAC

  • G.R. Nos. 95203-05 December 18, 1990 - ERNESTO MACEDA v. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95263 December 18, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUVENAL KYAMKO

  • A.C. No. 2756 December 18, 1990 - PRUDENTIAL BANK v. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA

  • G.R. No. 44167 December 19, 1990 - JULITA FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 88710-13 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91025 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95478 December 19, 1990 - EDUARDO ACOP, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 December 19, 1990 - EFREN JAVIER, ET AL. v. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR.

  • G.R. No. 46198 December 20, 1990 - DOMINGO REYES v. SERAFIN E. CAMILON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53556 December 20, 1990 - LILIA AGUIRRE, ET AL. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 72019 December 20, 1990 - WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81835 December 20, 1990 - ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ v. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82002 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 86492-94 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE

  • G.R. No. 88114 December 20, 1990 - PENTAGON SECURITY, ET AL. v. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89618 December 20, 1990 - RAUL S. MANGLAPUS v. ANDRES E. MATIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 92029-30 December 20, 1990 - NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93394 December 20, 1990 - FNCB FINANCE v. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO

  • G.R. No. 43659 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 48535-36 December 21, 1990 - KOH TIECK HENG v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 49454 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MONTEIRO

  • G.R. No. 49588 December 21, 1990 - DIONG BI CHU, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 63753-54 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76519 December 21, 1990 - TIMOTEO POJAS v. MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 78551-52 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO

  • G.R. No. 78854 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ

  • G.R. No. 79526 December 21, 1990 - NATIONAL ASSO. OF FREE TRADE UNIONS v. MAINIT LUMBER DEVT. COMPANY WORKERS

  • G.R. No. 80276 December 21, 1990 - HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83257-58 December 21, 1990 - OSIAS ACADEMY, ET AL. v. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83696 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE BARTULAY

  • G.R. No. 84918 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA

  • G.R. No. 87807 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI DESLATE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89407 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO P. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 89682-83 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN HERICO

  • G.R. No. 91513 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERONIMO GOLES

  • G.R. No. 43491 December 26, 1990 - TEODORO V. CABILAN, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 46210 December 26, 1990 - RICARDO VILLAFLOR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 61527 December 26, 1990 - VICENTE GERARDO, ET AL. v. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 70556 December 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 77668 December 26, 1990 - EUFRACIO ROJAS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81039 December 26, 1990 - INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85157 December 26, 1990 - FRANCISCO JOSE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88336 December 26, 1990 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 92625 December 26, 1990 - JOSE ORDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 32945 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO T. NASSER v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 39430 December 3, 1990 - FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55466 December 3, 1990 - MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78778 December 3, 1990 - LEONIDA CORONADO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79560 December 3, 1990 - ANDRES E. DITAN v. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80904 December 3, 1990 - BALTAZAR PANTIG, ET AL. v. VENANCIO BALTAZAR

  • G.R. No. 82115 December 3, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. ORTIZ

  • G.R. No. 84884 December 3, 1990 - EULALIO M. RUIZ, ET AL. v. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 87264 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO DINGLASAN, ET AL. v. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89545 December 3, 1990 - ROLANDO DOLORFINO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • UDK No. 9864 December 3, 1990 - RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 58668 December 4, 1990 - SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71929 December 4, 1990 - ALITALIA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74577 December 4, 1990 - CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80505 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO L. TANDOY

  • G.R. No. 80791 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE’S FINANCING CORP., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86586 December 4, 1990 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. TEODORO P. REGINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86889 December 4, 1990 - LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF THE DEPT. OF AGRARIAN REFORM

  • G.R. No. 88177 December 4, 1990 - DOLORES A. PAREDES v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93054 December 4, 1990 - ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 30616 December 10, 1990 - EUFRACIO D. ROJAS v. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA

  • G.R. No. 36827 December 10, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, ET AL. v. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 44749 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELVIN S. GIRON

  • G.R. No. 50661 December 10, 1990 - RUBEN DELFIN, ET AL. v. AMADO G. INCIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55361 December 10, 1990 - TEOFILO ERCILLO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55613 December 10, 1990 - ERNESTO DICHOSO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56620 December 10, 1990 - FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 69863-65 December 10, 1990 - LINO BROCKA, ET AL. v. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74762 December 10, 1990 - COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONERS, NLRC, SECOND DIVISION

  • G.R. No. 78163 December 10, 1990 - ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO v. DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79962 December 10, 1990 - LUCIO R. CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80397 December 10, 1990 - S & A GAISANO INC., ET AL. v. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82215 December 10, 1990 - ANTIPAZ P. PRESCO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82374 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO M. AVILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82495 December 10, 1990 - ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION v. SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 84132-33 December 10, 1990 - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85531 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMANDO TASARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89988 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYDIA RAMA

  • G.R. No. 91041 December 10, 1990 - JOSE A. SADDUL, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-86-32 December 10, 1990 - ALFREDO LLANES v. GAUDIOSO BORJA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 31688 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. JUAN P. AQUINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 68514 December 17, 1990 - TRADERS ROYAL BANK v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71589 December 17, 1990 - CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC. v. MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76303 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. FRANCISCO K. REDOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78623 December 17, 1990 - OFELIA P. TRISTE v. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83530 December 18, 1990 - CRISTITO R. AUSTRIA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93867 December 18, 1990 - SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR. v. HAYDEE B. YORAC

  • G.R. Nos. 95203-05 December 18, 1990 - ERNESTO MACEDA v. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95263 December 18, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUVENAL KYAMKO

  • A.C. No. 2756 December 18, 1990 - PRUDENTIAL BANK v. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA

  • G.R. No. 44167 December 19, 1990 - JULITA FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 88710-13 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91025 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95478 December 19, 1990 - EDUARDO ACOP, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 December 19, 1990 - EFREN JAVIER, ET AL. v. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR.

  • G.R. No. 46198 December 20, 1990 - DOMINGO REYES v. SERAFIN E. CAMILON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53556 December 20, 1990 - LILIA AGUIRRE, ET AL. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 72019 December 20, 1990 - WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81835 December 20, 1990 - ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ v. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82002 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 86492-94 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE

  • G.R. No. 88114 December 20, 1990 - PENTAGON SECURITY, ET AL. v. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89618 December 20, 1990 - RAUL S. MANGLAPUS v. ANDRES E. MATIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 92029-30 December 20, 1990 - NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93394 December 20, 1990 - FNCB FINANCE v. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO

  • G.R. No. 43659 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 48535-36 December 21, 1990 - KOH TIECK HENG v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 49454 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MONTEIRO

  • G.R. No. 49588 December 21, 1990 - DIONG BI CHU, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 63753-54 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76519 December 21, 1990 - TIMOTEO POJAS v. MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 78551-52 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO

  • G.R. No. 78854 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ

  • G.R. No. 79526 December 21, 1990 - NATIONAL ASSO. OF FREE TRADE UNIONS v. MAINIT LUMBER DEVT. COMPANY WORKERS

  • G.R. No. 80276 December 21, 1990 - HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83257-58 December 21, 1990 - OSIAS ACADEMY, ET AL. v. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83696 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE BARTULAY

  • G.R. No. 84918 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA

  • G.R. No. 87807 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI DESLATE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89407 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO P. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 89682-83 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN HERICO

  • G.R. No. 91513 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERONIMO GOLES

  • G.R. No. 43491 December 26, 1990 - TEODORO V. CABILAN, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 46210 December 26, 1990 - RICARDO VILLAFLOR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 61527 December 26, 1990 - VICENTE GERARDO, ET AL. v. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 70556 December 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 77668 December 26, 1990 - EUFRACIO ROJAS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81039 December 26, 1990 - INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85157 December 26, 1990 - FRANCISCO JOSE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88336 December 26, 1990 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 92625 December 26, 1990 - JOSE ORDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 32945 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO T. NASSER v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 39430 December 3, 1990 - FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55466 December 3, 1990 - MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78778 December 3, 1990 - LEONIDA CORONADO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79560 December 3, 1990 - ANDRES E. DITAN v. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80904 December 3, 1990 - BALTAZAR PANTIG, ET AL. v. VENANCIO BALTAZAR

  • G.R. No. 82115 December 3, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. ORTIZ

  • G.R. No. 84884 December 3, 1990 - EULALIO M. RUIZ, ET AL. v. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 87264 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO DINGLASAN, ET AL. v. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89545 December 3, 1990 - ROLANDO DOLORFINO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • UDK No. 9864 December 3, 1990 - RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 58668 December 4, 1990 - SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71929 December 4, 1990 - ALITALIA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74577 December 4, 1990 - CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80505 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO L. TANDOY

  • G.R. No. 80791 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE’S FINANCING CORP., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86586 December 4, 1990 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. TEODORO P. REGINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86889 December 4, 1990 - LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF THE DEPT. OF AGRARIAN REFORM

  • G.R. No. 88177 December 4, 1990 - DOLORES A. PAREDES v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93054 December 4, 1990 - ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 30616 December 10, 1990 - EUFRACIO D. ROJAS v. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA

  • G.R. No. 36827 December 10, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, ET AL. v. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 44749 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELVIN S. GIRON

  • G.R. No. 50661 December 10, 1990 - RUBEN DELFIN, ET AL. v. AMADO G. INCIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55361 December 10, 1990 - TEOFILO ERCILLO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55613 December 10, 1990 - ERNESTO DICHOSO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56620 December 10, 1990 - FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 69863-65 December 10, 1990 - LINO BROCKA, ET AL. v. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74762 December 10, 1990 - COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONERS, NLRC, SECOND DIVISION

  • G.R. No. 78163 December 10, 1990 - ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO v. DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79962 December 10, 1990 - LUCIO R. CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80397 December 10, 1990 - S & A GAISANO INC., ET AL. v. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82215 December 10, 1990 - ANTIPAZ P. PRESCO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82374 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO M. AVILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82495 December 10, 1990 - ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION v. SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 84132-33 December 10, 1990 - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85531 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMANDO TASARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89988 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYDIA RAMA

  • G.R. No. 91041 December 10, 1990 - JOSE A. SADDUL, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-86-32 December 10, 1990 - ALFREDO LLANES v. GAUDIOSO BORJA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 31688 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. JUAN P. AQUINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 68514 December 17, 1990 - TRADERS ROYAL BANK v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71589 December 17, 1990 - CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC. v. MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76303 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. FRANCISCO K. REDOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78623 December 17, 1990 - OFELIA P. TRISTE v. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83530 December 18, 1990 - CRISTITO R. AUSTRIA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93867 December 18, 1990 - SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR. v. HAYDEE B. YORAC

  • G.R. Nos. 95203-05 December 18, 1990 - ERNESTO MACEDA v. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95263 December 18, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUVENAL KYAMKO

  • A.C. No. 2756 December 18, 1990 - PRUDENTIAL BANK v. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA

  • G.R. No. 44167 December 19, 1990 - JULITA FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 88710-13 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91025 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95478 December 19, 1990 - EDUARDO ACOP, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 December 19, 1990 - EFREN JAVIER, ET AL. v. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR.

  • G.R. No. 46198 December 20, 1990 - DOMINGO REYES v. SERAFIN E. CAMILON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53556 December 20, 1990 - LILIA AGUIRRE, ET AL. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 72019 December 20, 1990 - WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81835 December 20, 1990 - ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ v. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82002 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 86492-94 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE

  • G.R. No. 88114 December 20, 1990 - PENTAGON SECURITY, ET AL. v. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89618 December 20, 1990 - RAUL S. MANGLAPUS v. ANDRES E. MATIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 92029-30 December 20, 1990 - NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93394 December 20, 1990 - FNCB FINANCE v. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO

  • G.R. No. 43659 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 48535-36 December 21, 1990 - KOH TIECK HENG v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 49454 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MONTEIRO

  • G.R. No. 49588 December 21, 1990 - DIONG BI CHU, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 63753-54 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76519 December 21, 1990 - TIMOTEO POJAS v. MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 78551-52 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO

  • G.R. No. 78854 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ

  • G.R. No. 79526 December 21, 1990 - NATIONAL ASSO. OF FREE TRADE UNIONS v. MAINIT LUMBER DEVT. COMPANY WORKERS

  • G.R. No. 80276 December 21, 1990 - HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83257-58 December 21, 1990 - OSIAS ACADEMY, ET AL. v. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83696 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE BARTULAY

  • G.R. No. 84918 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA

  • G.R. No. 87807 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI DESLATE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89407 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO P. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 89682-83 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN HERICO

  • G.R. No. 91513 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERONIMO GOLES

  • G.R. No. 43491 December 26, 1990 - TEODORO V. CABILAN, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 46210 December 26, 1990 - RICARDO VILLAFLOR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 61527 December 26, 1990 - VICENTE GERARDO, ET AL. v. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 70556 December 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 77668 December 26, 1990 - EUFRACIO ROJAS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81039 December 26, 1990 - INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85157 December 26, 1990 - FRANCISCO JOSE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88336 December 26, 1990 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 92625 December 26, 1990 - JOSE ORDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  •  





     
     

    [G.R. No. 55466 :  December 3, 1990.] MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC., Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and WILLIAM H. QUASHA, Respondents.

     

    SECOND DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 55466 :  December 3, 1990.]

    191 SCRA 805-813

    MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC., Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and WILLIAM H. QUASHA, Respondents.

     

    D E C I S I O N

     

    PARAS, J.:

    This is a petition for review on certiorari of the resolution of the Court of Appeals dated August 5, 1980 * in CA G.R. No. 42461-R entitled "Republic of the Philippines vs.  Leon Bessire, et al.", affirming with modification the lower court's judgment dated April 30, 1968 ** with respect to the payment of 12% interest per annum and denying petitioner's motion for reconsideration dated October 6, 1980.

    The facts as found by the Court of Appeals are as follows:

    Sometime after 1951, the Republic of the Philippines, thru its Bureau of Internal Revenue, assessed the Bessire Housing Corporation (BESCO) in the amount of P16,840.04 representing percentage taxes for the year 1951. Apparently pressed for payment, the manager thereof (Leon Bessire) executed in his personal capacity on October 30, 1956, with Mutual Security Insurance Corporation an "Ordinary Bond for Payment of Taxes", known as MUSIC S-575-A, wherein the parties undertook to jointly and severally pay the Republic the aforementioned assessment in twelve (12) equal installments as scheduled therein. On the same day that the bond was posted Leon Bessire, Manila Surety and Corazon Santos Escobar in her personal capacity and as attorney-in-fact of Eduardo Escobar signed an indemnity agreement binding themselves solidarily to indemnify Mutual Security for any damages or losses it may sustain as a result of its having consented to become a surety in favor of the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR). On December 28, 1956, Leon Bessire paid the first installment of P1,403.34 due on November 30, 1956 and another installment on a later date. He failed to pay the succeeding installments thus prompting the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to send a letter of February 20, 1958 that unless Mr. Bessire paid P14,035.36 plus the accrued delinquency penalties within 15 days, the bond would be forfeited. A letter of demand was also sent on the same date to Mutual Security. (Rollo, p. 32-33; Petition, Annex A, pp. 2-3)

    On May 19, 1958, Atty. William H. Quasha as substitute for Corazon Santos Escobar signed an Indemnity Agreement whereby he undertook to jointly and severally with Leon Bessire and BESCO, indemnify Manila Surety for any damage or loss it may suffer in consequence of its having consented to continue being counter surety upon the indemnity agreement MUSIC S-575-A (Rollo, p. 67; Comment, p. 2). On July 18, 1958 the Acting Commissioner of Internal Revenue acknowledged the payment by Leon Bessire of P300.00 and demanded the full payment of the balance of P13,733.36 on or before July 31, 1958. A letter of demand was also sent to Mutual Security (Rollo, pp. 33-34; Petition, Annex A, pp. 3-4).

    On July 31, 1958, Leon Bessire sent a check for P1,403.34 and asked for further time to pay the outstanding balance in view of his financial difficulties. On September 26, 1958, the Acting Commissioner of Internal Revenue wrote Leon Bessire to pay the P12,330.02 in full on or before October 15, 1958 and Mutual Security to do the same or steps for the forfeiture of the bond would be taken (Rollo, p. 34; Petition, Annex A, p. 4).

    Leon Bessire made further payments: P400.00 on November 13, 1958; P500.00 on February 13, 1959; P500.00 on May 12, 1959; and P500.00 on October 28, 1959. On April 7, 1960, a letter of demand was again sent to Leon Bessire giving him until April 30, 1960 to pay the balance of P10,430.02 and a letter of substantially the same tenor to Mutual Security. On June 12, 1961, Leon Bessire died. (Rollo, pp. 34-35; Petition, Annex A, pp. 4-5).: nad

    On February 9, 1962, the Republic of the Philippines upon the request of the BIR filed a complaint against Leon Bessire and Mutual Security Insurance Corporation (Mutual), to have the surety bond guaranteeing the payment of percentage taxes forfeited and for the said defendants jointly and severally to pay P10,032.02 plus interest at the legal rate and costs (Rollo, p. 31).: rd

    On March 7, 1962, Mutual filed its answer with cross claim against Leon Bessire. On July 5, 1963 it filed a third party complaint against petitioner, Manila Surety and Fidelity Co., Inc. (Manila Surety). On July 26, 1963, Manila Surety filed a fourth-party complaint against herein private respondent, William H. Quasha (Rollo, p. 32; Petition, Annex A, p. 2).

    After trial on the merits, the lower court, through then Judge Luis B. Reyes, rendered its decision on April 20, 1968, the dispositive portion of which reads:

    "Wherefore, judgment is rendered as follows:

    "1. Declaring Surety Bond MUSIC S-575-A, issued by defendant Mutual Security Insurance Corporation, forfeited and ordering said defendant to pay plaintiff the sum of P10,030.02 plus the legal rate of interest from February 9, 1962, the date of the filing of the suit, until said amount is fully paid, and to pay the costs of this suit.

    "2. Ordering third party defendant Manila Surety Fidelity Co. Inc., to pay third party plaintiff Mutual Security Insurance Corporation whatever amount the latter as defendant, is adjudged to pay plaintiff, plus interest at 12% per annum from the date of payment which interest shall be accumulated and added to the principal quarterly and shall earn interest at the same rate, and attorneys' fees equivalent to 10% of the total amount due under the surety bond, and

    "3. Ordering fourth party defendant to pay and/or indemnify fourth party plaintiff Manila Surety & Fidelity Co., Inc. the amount of the judgment which it is ordered to pay in favor of third party plaintiff Mutual Security Insurance Corporation, with interest thereon at the rate of 12% per annum from July 3, 1963, until fully paid, and the sum equivalent to 10% of the total amount claimed, as and for attorneys' fees.

    "The counterclaim of fourth party defendant is dismissed.

    "SO ORDERED." (Rollo, p. 68)

    Mutual, Manila Surety and Quasha all filed their respective appeals to the respondent Court of Appeals which rendered judgment on March 21, 1980 affirming the judgment of the lower court (Petitioner's brief, p. 4). On April 17, 1980, William H. Quasha, private respondent herein, filed a Motion for Reconsideration of the aforementioned judgment alleging as the sole ground therefore that the respondent Court of Appeals erred in affirming without modifying a portion of the decision which ordered fourth party defendant appellant William H. Quasha to pay and or indemnify fourth party plaintiff appellant Manila Surety the amount of judgment it is ordered to pay third party plaintiff appellant Mutual, with interest thereon at the rate of 12% per annum from July 3, 1963 until fully paid (Petitioner's brief, p. 4).

    Thereafter or on August 5, 1980, respondent Court of Appeals rendered its questioned Resolution the dispositive portion of which reads:

    "Wherefore, our March 21, 1980 decision is hereby modified as follows: number 3, paragraph 1 of the dispositive portion of the decision appealed from should read:

    "3. Ordering fourth party defendant to pay and or indemnify fourth party plaintiff Manila Surety & Fidelity Co. Inc., the amount of judgment which it is ordered to pay in favor of third party plaintiff Mutual Security Insurance Corporation and the sum equivalent to 10% of the total amount claimed, as and for attorneys' fees.

    "The portion which provides for an interest on the amount of judgment at the rate of 12% per annum from July 3, 1963 until fully paid is deleted.

    "SO ORDERED." (Rollo, pp. 51-52 Petition, Annex B, pp. 3-4)

    On August 25, 1980, herein petitioner Manila Surety filed its Motion for Reconsideration of the aforequoted Resolution, which motion was summarily denied by respondent Court of Appeals in its Resolution dated October 6, 1980 (Rollo, p. 54; Petition, Annex c, p. 1). Hence this petition.

    The sole issue to be resolved in this petition is whether or not respondent Quasha's liability to pay the 12% interest in case of default under the Indemnity Agreement arises only after the decision of respondent Court of Appeals becomes final and executory.

    The respondent Court of Appeals in its resolution held:

    ". . . the amount of liability of both the movant and Manila Surety upon the surety bond is determined only after the decision of the case becomes final and executory. Hence, before the decision becomes final and executory and the extent of the liability of Manila Surety is not yet determined, Manila Surety as co-surety cannot demand the 12% per cent interest per annum from the movant as co-surety because during this intervening period, there is no liability yet of the movant to pay, hence, there is no interest yet to be reckoned. . . ." (Rollo, p. 51, Petition; Annex B, p.3).

    The petition is impressed with merit.

    The Indemnity Agreement, whereby private respondent Quasha bound himself jointly and severally with Leon Bessire and the BESCO in favor of petitioner, provides:

    "2. INDEMNITY: To indemnify the COMPANY for any damage, loss, costs, charges, or expenses of whatever kind and nature, including counsel for attorney's fees, which the COMPANY may, at any time, sustain or incur as a consequence of having become surety upon the above-mentioned bond; . . ." (Record on Appeal, p. 77)

    In the case of Associated Insurance & Surety Co. Inc. vs.  Wellington Chua, et al., 7 SCRA 52 [1963] where a similar provision appears, this Court held:

    ". . . The agreement herein sued upon is not only one of indemnity against loss but of indemnity against liability. While the first does not render the indemnitor liable until the person to be indemnified makes payment or sustains loss, the second becomes operative as soon as the liability of the person indemnified arises, irrespective of whether or not he has suffered actual loss." (Emphasis ours)

    The next question here is when did the liability of Manila Surety in favor of Mutual arise so as to give rise to the corresponding liability on the part of Quasha vis-a-vis Manila Surety. The Indemnity Agreement whereby Manila Surety undertook to indemnify Mutual provides:

    "3. ACCRUAL OF ACTION — Where the obligation involves a liquidated amount, for the payment of which the COMPANY has become legally liable under the terms of the obligation and its suretyship undertaking or by the demand of the obligee or otherwise . . . the undersigned jointly and severally undertake to pay to the COMPANY on the latter's demand the full amount, necessary to discharge the COMPANY's aforesaid liability; . . ." (Record on Appeal, p. 44) (Emphasis ours)

    Clearly, the liability of Manila Surety arose on July 5, 1963, the date on which the third party complaint was filed against it by Mutual, which was the date of judicial demand, and from that point on, it had already incurred liability, thereby giving rise to the concommitant liability of Quasha under his indemnity agreement with Manila Surety. Said indemnity agreement provides:

    "3. MATURITY OF THE OBLIGATION UNDER THIS BOND: Said indemnity shall be paid to the COMPANY as soon as it has become liable for the payment of any amount, under the above-mentioned bond, whether or not it shall have paid such sum or sums of money, or any part thereof" (Rollo, p. 56; Petition, Annex D, pp. 77-78). (Emphasis ours)

    Interpreting a similar provision in an indemnity agreement, this Court held:

    ". . . In the indemnity agreement executed by appellant in favor of appellee, there appears the following clause: 'Said indemnity shall be paid to the COMPANY as soon as it has become liable for the payment of any amount under the abovementioned bond, whether or not it shall have paid such sums or sums of money or any part thereof.' It is there said that the liability of appellee as bondsman would attach as soon as it has become liable for the payment of any amount regardless of whether said amount shall have been paid or not. This is the situation that actually obtains here. The NARIC, or its legal successor, the Prisco, has actually filed an action in court demanding payment of the obligation from appellee under the bond it has posted on behalf of both Felicisima Policarpio and Herminia Cruz, which action is more than enough to entitle the appellee to enforce the indemnity agreement executed by appellant. This constitutes the cause of action of appellee in the present case." (Manila Surety & Fidelity Co. Inc. v. Teodulo Cruz, L-10414, April 18, 1958, 103 Phil. 367) (Emphasis ours)

    In addition thereto, the indemnity agreement also provides:

    "4. INTEREST IN CASE OF DEFAULT: And in case of non payment of the said sum or sums of money, an interest of twelve (12%) per cent per annum, which interest, while not paid, shall be liquidated and accumulated monthly to the capital owed by the undersigned, drawing the same interest as the said capital." (Rollo, p. 56; Petition, Annex D, p. 78)

    Since respondent Quasha's liability arose on July 5, 1963 the date the third party complaint was filed and the same not having been paid, his liability to pay the 12% per cent interest per annum, in case of default as stated in the aforementioned indemnity agreement also arose.

    In the cases of Tagawa vs.  Aldanese, 43 Phil. 852, 859 [1922]; Plaridel Surety Insurance Co. vs.  P.L. Galang Machinery Co., 100 Phil. 679 [1957], it was held:

    "If a surety upon demand fails to pay, he can be held liable for interest, even if in thus paying, the liability becomes more than that in the principle obligation. The increased liabilities is not because of the contract but because of the default and the necessity of judicial collection."

    It is a basic and fundamental rule in the interpretation of contract that if the terms thereof are clear and leave no doubt as to the intention of the contracting parties, the literal meaning shall control. In order to judge the intention of the parties, their contemporaneous and subsequent acts shall be principally considered. (Mercantile Insurance Co., Inc. vs.  Felipe Ysmael, Jr. & Co. Inc., 169 SCRA 66 [1989]; Sy vs.  Court of Appeals, 131 SCRA 116 [1984]; GSIS vs.  Court of Appeals, et al., 145 SCRA 311 [1986]).

    The above-quoted specific provisions of the Indemnity Agreement clearly show that respondent is liable under said provisions. Hence, the stipulation agreed upon by the parties is valid and enforceable (Paramount Surety & Insurance Co., Inc. v. Pastor D. Ago, 171 SCRA 481 [1989]) and obligations arising from contracts have the force of law (Paramount Surety & Insurance Co., Inc. vs.  Pastor D. Ago, 171 SCRA 481 [1989]; Villonco Realty Co., Inc. vs.  Bormacheco, 65 SCRA 352 [1975]; Lazo vs.  Republic Surety Insurance Co., Inc., 31 SCRA 329 [1970]; Perez Rubio vs.  CA, 141 SCRA 488 [1986]).

    Elucidating further on the obligations of the parties in agreements of this nature, this Court ruled: "The indemnity agreement was not executed for the benefit of the creditors; it was rather for the benefit of the surety and if the latter thought it necessary in its own interest to impose this stipulation, and the indemnitors voluntarily agreed to the same, the court should respect the agreement of the parties and require them to abide by their contract." (Mercantile Insurance Co., Inc. vs.  Felipe Ysmael, 169 SCRA 66 [1989]; Security Bank vs.  Globe Assurance, 107 Phil. 733 [1960]).: nad

    PREMISES CONSIDERED, (1) the instant petition is hereby GRANTED; (2) the appealed resolution of the respondent Court of Appeals is hereby SET ASIDE; (3) the original decision of respondent Court of Appeals dated March 21, 1980 is hereby REINSTATED, with MODIFICATION that the liability of respondent Quasha to pay the 12% interest in case of default be reckoned from July 5, 1963, the date the third party complaint was filed.

    SO ORDERED.

    Melencio-Herrera, Padilla, Sarmiento and Regalado, JJ., concur.

     

    Endnotes

    *    Penned by Justice Hugo E. Gutierrez, Jr. and concurred in by Justices Pedro D. Cenzon and Mariano Zosa.

    ** Penned by Judge Luis B. Reyes.

    [G.R. No. 55466 :  December 3, 1990.] MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC., Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and WILLIAM H. QUASHA, Respondents.




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