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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
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August-1995 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 93117 August 1, 1995 - LOPEZ SUGAR CORPORATION v. SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-92-836 August 2, 1995 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. JESUS V. MATAS

  • OCA I.P.I. No. 95-12-P August 3, 1995 - MARILES I. VILLANUEVA v. RODOLFO B. POLLENTES

  • G.R. No. 88326 August 3, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLIAM A. FULINARA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 102422 August 3, 1995 - ANTONIO CATATISTA, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113290-91 August 3, 1995 - PEDRO O. PALMERIA, SR. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113521-31 August 3, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANOLITO D. ESPINOZA

  • G.R. No. 93628 August 4, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDITHA S. DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. No. 97535 August 4, 1995 - MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY v. LA CAMPANA FOOD PRODUCTS, INC.

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-93-983 August 7, 1995 - GUILLERMA DE LOS SANTOS-REYES v. JUDGE CAMILO O. MONTESA

  • G.R. No. 106784 August 7, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLITO SALODAGA, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter Nos. P-93-800 & P-93-800-A August 9, 1995 - RTC MAKATI MOVEMENT AGAINST GRAFT AND CORRUPTION v. INOCENCIO E. DUMLAO

  • G.R. No. 115132-34 August 9, 1995 - IMELDA R. MARCOS v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-92-880 August 11, 1995 - CENTRUM AGRI-BUSINESS REALTY CORPORATION v. BETHEL KATALBAS-MOSCARDON

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-94-1243 August 11, 1995 - ANTONIO P. CHIN v. TITO G. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76801 August 11, 1995 - LOPEZ REALTY, INC., ET AL. v. FLORENTINA FONTECHA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 94979 August 11, 1995 - ALFONSO GABALDON CO. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 97484 August 11, 1995 - SANTIAGO B. SERRANO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 111289 August 11, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICTOR TORRES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113793 August 11, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUAN M. GANZAGAN, JR.

  • Adm. Matter No. P-93-931 August 14, 1995 - VICENTE G. RUDAS v. LEONILA R. ACEDO

  • G.R. No. 99840 August 14, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO M. FEDERICO

  • G.R. No. 107994 August 14, 1995 - PHIL. AGRICULTURAL COMM’L. AND IND’L. WORKERS UNION v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 108084 August 14, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TIMOTEO SABAL

  • G.R. No. 109696 August 14, 1995 - THELMA P. OLEA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113219 August 14, 1995 - ANICETO G. MATEO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113652 August 14, 1995 - VICTORIANO A. CORMERO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113782-84 August 14, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO C. ALIVIADO

  • G.R. No. 114051 August 14, 1995 - DAVID INES, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114692 August 14, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ABNER MALUNES

  • G.R. No. 115022 August 14, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILFREDO D. REYES

  • G.R. No. 117014 August 14, 1995 - HONORIO SANTIAGO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 118118 August 14, 1995 - ALFREDO GUIEB v. LUIS M. FONTANILLA

  • G.R. No. 119617 August 14, 1995 - B. STA RITA AND CO., INC., ET. AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91852 August 15, 1995 - TALISAY-SILAY MILLING CO., INC., ET AL. v. ASOCIACION DE AGRICULTORES DE TALISAY-SILAY, INC.

  • G.R. No. 100686 August 15, 1995 - PEPSI COLA DISTRIBUTORS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 111359 August 15, 1995 - CALTEX REGULAR EMPLOYEES v. CALTEX (PHILIPPINES), INC.

  • G.R. No. 110034 August 16, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AVELINO GAZMEN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113995 August 16, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GAMALIEL T. PAYAWAL

  • G.R. No. 93728 August 21, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MICHAEL HERRERA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 107534 August 21, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RAUL I. CABINTOY

  • G.R. No. 111091 August 21, 1995 - CLARO J. PRECLARO v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 117246 August 21, 1995 - BENIGNO MANUEL, ET AL. v. NICODEMO T. FERRER

  • G.R. No. 119891 August 21, 1995 - BEN STA. RITA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. P-94-1108 August 23, 1995 - MARIANETTE VILLAREAL v. ROLANDO T. RARAMA, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-87-104 August 23, 1995 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. JOSE M. ESTACION, JR.

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-94-1270 August 23, 1995 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. RENATO A. FUENTES

  • Adm. Matter No. 95-3-89-RTC August 23, 1995 - IN RE: REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE RTC BRANCH 16

  • G.R. No. 79968 August 23, 1995 - PETER RODRIGUEZ v. PROJECT 6 MARKET SERVICE COOPERATIVE, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88278 August 23, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DONALD BALLAGAN

  • G.R. No. 101690 August 23, 1995 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 105455 August 23, 1995 - EXCELSA INDUSTRIES, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110401 August 23, 1995 - EDGARDO GUEVARA, ET AL. v. HERMINIO I. BENITO

  • G.R. Nos. 113513-14 August 23, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY CONTE

  • G.R. Nos. 114061 & 113842 August 23, 1995 - KOREAN AIRLINES CO., LTD. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 114841-42 August 23, 1995 - ATLANTIC GULF AND PACIFIC COMPANY OF MANILA, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114920 August 23, 1995 - PHILIPPINE COMMERCIAL INTERNATIONAL BANK v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 115987 August 23, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FLORENTINO REOVEROS

  • G.R. No. 116132-33 August 23, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AURELIO U. DELOVINO

  • G.R. No. 121234 August 23, 1995 - HUBERT J. P. WEBB v. RAUL E. DE LEON

  • Adm. Matter No. P-92-768 August 28, 1995 - CASIANO WENCESLAO v. RESTITUTO MADRAZO

  • G.R. No. 104664 August 28, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELYBOY O. SO

  • G.R. No. 111386 August 28, 1995 - METAL FORMING CORPORATION v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

  • G.R. No. 115407 August 28, 1995 - MIGUEL P. PANDERANGA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 118531 August 28, 1995 - JULIANA D. DEL ROSARIO v. JOB MADAYAG

  • G.R. No. 107762 August 29, 1995 - ALBERTO S. ACENAS II v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113161 August 29, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LOMA O. GOCE

  • G.R. No. 96125 August 31, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMBROSIO RONQUILLO

  • G.R. No. 111017 August 31, 1995 - BLISS DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 101690   August 23, 1995 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 101690. August 23, 1995.]

    REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS and SPOUSES FERNANDO DAYAO AND REMEDIOS NICODEMUS, Respondents.


    SYLLABUS


    1. CIVIL LAW; LAND TITLES AND DEEDS; RECONSTITUTION OF TITLE UNDER R.A. NO. 26; AN ACTION IN REM. — Reconstitution of title under Republic Act (R. A.) No. 26 ("An Act Providing A Special Procedure For The Reconstitution of Torrens Certificates of Title Lost Or Destroyed") is an action in rem, which means it is one directed not only against particular persons, but against the thing itself. Its object is to bar indifferently all who might be minded to make any objection against the right sought to be enforced, hence the judgment therein is binding theoretically upon the whole world.

    2. ID.; ID.; SECTION 13 THEREOF; PROVIDES THE JURISDICTIONAL REQUIREMENTS; CASE AT BAR. — The jurisdictional requirements of publication posting and service of notice are provided in Section 13 of R. A. No. 26, as follows: "Sec. 13. The court shall cause a notice of the petition, filed under the preceding section, to be published, at the expense of the petitioner, twice in successive issues of the Official Gazette, and to be posted on the main entrance of the municipality or city in which the land is situated, at the provincial building and of the municipal building at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing. The court shall likewise cause a copy of the notice to be sent by registered mail or otherwise, at the expense of the petitioner to every person named therein whose address is known at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing. . . . The petitioner shall at the hearing, submit proof of the publication, posting and service of the notice as directed by the court." They seek to provide constructive notice to the whole world of the in rem reconstitution proceedings, Their purpose is to apprise all interested parties of the existence of such action and to give them ample time to intervene in the proceedings. They bring in the whole world as a party to the case and vest the court with jurisdiction to hear and decide it. Anent the publication requirement, R. A. No. 26 obligates the petitioner to prove to the trial court two things, namely that: (1) its Order giving due course to the petition for reconstitution and setting it for hearing was published twice, in two consecutive issues of the Official Gazette; and (2) such publication was made at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing. In the case at bench, private respondents were able to show both elements through the certification of the Director of the National Printing Office, a government official who enjoys the undisputed presumption of regularity in the performance of the functions of his off ice. We note that, on the other hand, mere submission of the subject Official Gazette issues would have evidenced only the first element.

    3. ID.; ID.; ID.; ID.; PROOF OF PUBLICATION; CERTIFICATION OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL PRINTING OFFICE SUFFICIENT. — Petitioner’s reliance on the Best Evidence Rule is erroneous. What must be proved under Section 13, R. A. No. 26 is not the content of the Order published in the Official Gazette, but the fact of two-time publication in successive issues thereof at least thirty days before the hearing date. This court has consistently accepted the probative value of certifications of the Director of the National Printing Office in reconstitution cases. We have, on two separate occasions, adjudicated cases with factual backgrounds similar to the one at bench. In Register of Deeds of Malabon v. RTC, Malabon, MM, Br. 179 and Republic v. Court of Appeals, the parties seeking reconstitution did not submit copies of the Official Gazette in evidence, but merely relied on certifications comparable to the one at bench. In both cases, the granting of reconstitution by the trial court was reversed. But the reversals were not made on the basis of the failure to present the Official Gazette issues. They were, instead, both grounded on the fact — as clearly evidenced by the National Printing Office Director’s certification — that the publications were made less than thirty days prior to the date of the hearing. There is no reason for us to deviate from our earlier rulings and now require the submission of Official Gazette issues to satisfy the jurisdictional requirement in reconstitution cases.

    4. ID.; ID.; ID.; LAND REGISTRATION COMMISSION CIRCULAR NO. 35 SERIES OF 1983; REQUIREMENTS THEREOF; NOT A CONDITION SINE QUA NON BEFORE PETITION FOR RECONSTITUTION COULD BE GRANTED; CASE AT BAR. — It is true that L.R.C. Circular No. 35, Series of 1983 mandates the Land Registration Commission Administrator and the Register of Deeds concerned to submit their reports and recommendations regarding the petition for reconstitution to the court. But, it attaches no concomitant obligation on the petitioner to show compliance by said officials. It would, thus, be illogical in the case at bench to require such showing by private respondents before their petition may be acted upon. More so, in light of the provisions of Section 15 of R. A. No 26, thus: "Sec. 15. If the court, after hearing, finds that the documents presented, as supported by parole evidence or otherwise, are sufficient and proper to warrant the reconstitution of the lost or destroyed certificate of title, and that the petitioner is the registered owner of the property or has an interest therein, that the said certificate of title was in force at the time it was lost or destroyed and that the description, area and boundaries of the property are substantially the same as those contained in the lost or destroyed certificate of title, an order of reconstitution shall be issued. The clerk of court shall forward to the register of deeds a certified copy of said order and all the documents which, pursuant to said order, are to be used as the basis of the reconstitution. If the court finds that there is no sufficient evidence or basis to justify the reconstitution, the petition shall be dismissed, but such dismissal shall not preclude the right of the party or parties entitled thereto to file an application for confirmation of his or their title under the provisions of the Land Registration Act."


    D E C I S I O N


    PUNO, J.:


    Petitioner seeks the reversal of the Decision of the Court of Appeals, 1 dated February 28, 1991, affirming the Order of the Regional Trial Court of Bulacan, Branch 16, dated October 9, 1989, granting the reconstitution of Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT) No. T-804198. 2

    The facts are undisputed.

    On March 7, 1987, fire gutted the office of the Register of Deeds of Bulacan. On March 16, 1989, private respondents filed with the Regional Trial Court of Bulacan a Petition for Reconstitution of TCT No. T-304198, on the ground that its original was among the documents destroyed in the conflagration. The trial court set it for initial hearing through an Order which reads, as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "WHEREFORE, finding the petition to be sufficient in form and substance, let the hearing of the petition be set on September 18, 1989 at 8:30 o’clock in the morning.

    "Let a copy of this order be published twice in two (2) successive issues of the Official Gazette at the expense of the (private respondent), and that copies thereof be posted by the Deputy Sheriff of this Branch at the main entrance of the Provincial Capitol Building at Malolos and on the Municipal Hall of Malolos, Bulacan where the parcel of land covered by the subject title is situated for a period of thirty (30) days prior to the date of hearing.

    "Finally, let copies of this order be also sent by registered mail to the Office of the Solicitor General, the National Land Titles and Deeds Registration Administration, the Bureau of Lands, the Provincial Fiscal, the Register of Deeds, and the boundary owners, in order that they may appear and show cause why the petition should not be granted."cralaw virtua1aw library

    During the hearing, private respondents submitted in evidence, among others, the following "Certification of Publication" issued by the Director of the National Printing Office:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Order relative to LRC No. F-504-84 In Re: Petition for Judicial Reconstitution of the Burned/Destroyed Original Copy of Transfer Certificate of Title No. T-304198, SPS. FERNANDO DAYAO and REMEDIOS NICODEMUS, . . . was published in the Official Gazette, to wit:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    VOLUME NUMBER PAGES DATE OF ISSUE

    85 24 June 12, 1989

    25 June 19, 1989

    "June 19, 1989 issue was released for publication on June 28, 1989."cralaw virtua1aw library

    They did not submit nor offer in evidence actual copies of the June 12, 1989 and June 19, 1989 issues of the Official Gazette.

    On October 9, 1989, the trial court issued an Order granting private respondents’ petition for reconstitution. The Order was affirmed by the Court of Appeals on February 28, 1991. It held:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "x       x       x

    "According to the Republic, the certification of publication issued by the National Printing Office is not sufficient proof of publication, the best evidence being the presentation of the copies of the Official Gazette where the notice was included.

    "We are not convinced. The certification clearly states that the notice was published in the June 12, 1989 and June 19, 1989 issues of the Official Gazette, the second notice being released for publication on June 28, 1989. Be it stressed that the official acts of public officers enjoy the presumption of regularity and this has not been overcome in this case.

    "Besides, the Official Gazette is an official publication of the government and consequently, We can take judicial notice of its contents in accordance with Section 2, Rule 128 of the Rules of Court, as recently amended. Indeed, Our examination readily reveals that the first notice of hearing in this case appeared on page 3908 of Volume 85, No. 24 issue while the second notice appeared on page 4028 of Volume 85, No. 24 issue of the Official Gazette.

    "As the last issue was released for publication on June 28, 1989, as stated in the certification of the National Printing Office, or three months prior to the hearing of September 13, 1989,. the requirement of Republic Act No. 26 and Circular No. 35, which provide that the notice be published ‘at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing,’ was complied with.

    "WHEREFORE, the order appealed from is AFFIRMED, without pronouncement as to costs.

    "SO ORDERED.

    The motion for reconsideration from the above Decision was denied in a Resolution, dated August 29, 1991.

    Petitioner now puts forth a single reason for warranting review, viz., that "in affirming the Order of the Trial Court granting the petition for reconstitution in LRC No. P-504-89, public respondent Court of Appeals grievously disregarded: (a) the inadequate evidence submitted by private respondents; and the (b) explicit provisions of L.R.C. Circular No. 35, Series of 1983." 3

    We affirm the Decision.

    Petitioner argues that "the trial court did not acquire jurisdiction over the petition for reconstitution of TCT No. T-304198 4 because private respondents failed to prove actual publication of the trial court’s Order setting the petition for initial hearing. Petitioner posits the view that "a mere certification of publication is utterly inadequate to comply with the jurisdictional requirement of publication . . .; (t)he best evidence to prove (the fact of publication) is the presentation of the actual copies of the Official Gazette . . .; duly marked and offered as evidence in Court." 5

    We are not persuaded.

    Reconstitution of title under Republic Act (R. A.) No. 26 ("An Act Providing A Special Procedure For The Reconstitution of Torrens Certificates of Title Lost Or Destroyed") is an action in rem, which means it is one directed not only against particular persons, but against the thing itself. 6 Its object is to bar indifferently all who might be minded to make any objection against the right sought to be enforced, hence the judgment therein is binding theoretically upon the whole world. 7 The jurisdictional requirements of publication posting and service of notice are provided in Section 13 of R. A. No. 26, as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "SECTION 13. The court shall cause a notice of the petition, filed under the preceding section, to be published, at the expense of the petitioner, twice in successive issues of the Official Gazette, and to be posted on the main entrance of the municipality or city in which the land is situated, at the provincial building and of the municipal building at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing. The court shall likewise cause a copy of the notice to be sent by registered mail or otherwise, at the expense of the petitioner to every person named therein whose address is known at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing. . . . The petitioner shall at the hearing, submit proof of the publication, posting and service of the notice as directed by the court."cralaw virtua1aw library

    They seek to provide constructive notice to the whole world of the in rem reconstitution proceedings, Their purpose is to apprise all interested parties of the existence of such action and to give them ample time to intervene in the proceedings. 8 They bring in the whole world as a party to the case and vest the court with jurisdiction to hear and decide it. 9

    Anent the publication requirement, R. A. No. 26 obligates the petitioner to prove to the trial court two things, namely that: (1) its Order giving due course to the petition for reconstitution and setting it for hearing was published twice, in two consecutive issues of the Official Gazette; and (2) such publication was made at least thirty days prior to the date of hearing. In the case at bench, private respondents were able to show both elements through the certification of the Director of the National Printing Office, a government official who enjoys the undisputed presumption of regularity in the performance of the functions of his off ice. We note that, on the other hand, mere submission of the subject Official Gazette issues would have evidenced only the first element.

    Petitioner’s reliance on the Best Evidence Rule is erroneous. What must be proved under Section 13, R. A. No. 26 is not the content of the Order published in the Official Gazette, but the fact of two-time publication in successive issues thereof at least thirty days before the hearing date.

    This court has consistently accepted the probative value of certifications of the Director of the National Printing Office in reconstitution cases. We have, on two separate occasions, adjudicated cases with factual backgrounds similar to the one at bench. In Register of Deeds of Malabon v. RTC, Malabon, MM, Br. 170 10 and Republic v. Court of Appeals, 11 the parties seeking reconstitution did not submit copies of the Official Gazette in evidence, but merely relied on certifications comparable to the one at bench. In both cases, the granting of reconstitution by the trial court was reversed. But the reversals were not made on the basis of the failure to present the Official Gazette issues. They were, instead, both grounded on the fact — as clearly evidenced by the National Printing Office Director’s certification — that the publications were made less than thirty days prior to the date of the hearing. There is no reason for us to deviate from our earlier rulings and now require the submission of Official Gazette issues to satisfy the jurisdictional requirement in reconstitution cases.

    Petitioner next argues that "private respondents failed to comply with Land Registration Commission (L.R.C.) Circular No. 35. Series of 1983," 12 particularly Section 13 thereof which reads as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "13. The Court, after considering the report of the Land Registration Commission and comments and findings of the Register of Deeds concerned. as well as the documentary and parole evidence presented by the petitioner, may take such action on the petition as it may deem proper."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Petitioner believes that "the report of the Administrator of the NALTDRA (now LRCA) and the comments and findings of the Register of Deeds are conditions sine qua non before a petition for reconstitution could be granted so as to forestall, if not eliminate, anomalous or irregular reconstitution of lost or destroyed certificates of title." 13 Thus, it argues, private respondents’ failure to show compliance with these requirements is fatal to their petition for reconstitution.

    We disagree.

    It is true that L.R.C. Circular No. 35, Series of 1983 mandates the Land Registration Commission Administrator and the Register of Deeds concerned to submit their reports and recommendations regarding the petition for reconstitution to the court. 14 But, it attaches no concomitant obligation on the petitioner to show compliance by said officials. It would, thus, be illogical in the case at bench to require such showing by private respondents before their petition may be acted upon. More so, in light of the provisions of Section 15 of R. A. No 26, thus:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "SECTION 15. If the court, after hearing, finds that the documents presented, as supported by parole evidence or otherwise, are sufficient and proper to warrant the reconstitution of the lost or destroyed certificate of title, and that the petitioner is the registered owner of the property or has an interest therein, that the said certificate of title was in force at the time it was lost or destroyed and that the description, area and boundaries of the property are substantially the same as those contained in the lost or destroyed certificate of title, an order of reconstitution shall be issued. The clerk of court shall forward to the register of deeds a certified copy of said order and all the documents which, pursuant to said order, are to be used as the basis of the reconstitution. If the court finds that there is no sufficient evidence or basis to justify the reconstitution, the petition shall be dismissed, but such dismissal shall not preclude the right of the party or parties entitled thereto to file an application for confirmation of his or their title under the provisions of the Land Registration Act." (Emphasis supplied)

    IN VIEW WHEREOF, the petition is DENIED for lack of merit. The Court of Appeals’ Decision, dated February 28, 1991, as well as its Resolution, dated August 29, 1991, are AFFIRMED IN TOTO. No costs.

    SO ORDERED.

    Regalado, Mendoza and Francisco, JJ., concur.

    Narvasa, C.J., is on leave.

    Endnotes:



    1. Through its Sixteenth Division, composed of Associate Justices Ricardo L. Pronove, Jr., (ponente and chairman), Nicolas P. Lapeña, Jr., and Fermin A. Martin, Jr.

    2. Also impugned is the August 29, 1991 Order of the Court of Appeals’ Sixteenth Division, denying petitioner’s Motion for Reconsideration from the impugne Decision.

    3. Petition for Review, p. 9; Rollo, p. 14.

    4. Ibid.

    5. Id., at pp. 11-12; Rollo, pp. 16-17.

    6. Black’s Law Dictionary, 14th Edition, pp. 900.

    7. F. D. REGALADO, 1 Remedial Law Compendium, p. 16 (1988).

    8. See Republic v. Court of Appeals, 218 SCRA 773 (1993).

    9. See Register of Deeds of Malabon v. RTC of Malabon, MM, Br. 170, 181 SCRA 778 (1990).

    10. Op. cit.

    11. Op. cit.

    12. Petition of Review, p. 19; Rollo, p. 24.

    13. Ibid., at p. 20; Rollo, p. 25.

    14. See Sections 7 and 13, L.R.C. Circular No. 35, Series of 1983, dated June 13, 1983.

    G.R. No. 101690   August 23, 1995 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS


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