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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
February-1995 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 90628 February 1, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. JOSE A. RAYRAY

  • G.R. No. 97949 February 1, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. ARMANDO P. GIRENG

  • G.R. No. 99375 February 1, 1995 : GLICERIO MANGOMA vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 105776 February 1, 1995 : ROMEO G. JALOSJOS vs. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

  • G.R. No. 105992 February 1, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. ROLANDO CABRERA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 106161 February 1, 1995 : ILOCOS SUR ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC., ET AL. vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110088 February 1, 1995 : MERLE A. ALONZO vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110116 February 1, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. NICK A. NICOLAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 111187 February 1, 1995 : R. TRANSPORT CORPORATION vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-94-1183 February 6, 1995 : CONCERNED CITIZENS vs. ARMIE E. ELMA

  • G.R. No. 97969 February 6, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. GUILLERMO PANGANIBAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 100133 February 6, 1995 : EDGARDO C. MORALES, ET AL. vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 104891 February 6, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. RONNIE MALLARI, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113591 February 6, 1995 : AGUIDO LACSON, JR., ET AL. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114427 February 6, 1995 : ARMANDO GEAGONIA vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 99346 February 7, 1995 : CASA FILIPINA REALTY CORPORATION vs. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109832 February 7, 1995 : FERNANDO FAROLAN vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 116206 February 7, 1995 : JOSE M. BULAONG vs. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 112573 February 9, 1995 : NORTHWEST ORIENT AIRLINES, INC. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113547 February 9, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. ANITA L. BAUTISTA

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-92-6-251 : February 13, 1995 : EMERITO M. AGCAOILI vs. JOSE O. RAMOS

  • Adm. Matter No. 94-12-111-MeTC February 13, 1995 : AUDIT REPORTS OF ATTY. GENER C. ENDONA

  • Adm. Matter No. P-92-684 February 13, 1995 : OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR vs. MAMINTING A. MALLI

  • Adm. Matter No. P-94-1068 February 13, 1995 : VICTOR ELIPE vs. HONESTO FABRE

  • G.R. No. 100635 February 13, 1995 : SPS. RAMON AND ERLINDA TARNATE vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 100665 February 13, 1995 : ZANOTTE SHOES, ET AL. vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 104994 February 13, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. WILFREDO MORALES

  • G.R. No. 105834 February 13, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. JEAN B. BALINGAN

  • G.R. No. 110836 February 13, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. NICASIO V. CASIL

  • G.R. No. 110854 February 13, 1995 : PIER 8 ARRASTRE & STEVEDORING SERVICES, INC. vs. MA. NIEVES ROLDAN-CONFESOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 112027 February 13, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. PABLO B. BALSACAO

  • G.R. No. L-112513 February 14, 1995 : EDGAR R. DEL CASTILLO vs. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-93-858 February 15, 1995

    OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR vs. PEDRO ANTONIO

  • G.R. No. L-41968 February 15, 1995 : DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. vs. DELIA P. MEDINA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-45835 February 15, 1995 : ALFREDO BITALAC vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 75257-58 February 15, 1995 : POTENCIANA CALAHAT, ET AL. vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 98277 February 15, 1995 : COCOFED, ET AL. vs. CRESENCIANO B. TRAJANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 106783 February 15, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. MODESTO R. DE ROXAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110068 February 15, 1995 : PHILIPPINE DUPLICATORS, INC. vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114145 February 15, 1995 : LEE ENG HONG, ET AL. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. 93-7-696-0 February 21, 1995

    IN RE JOAQUIN T. BORROMEO

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-93-741 February 21, 1995 : TEOTIMO GIL vs. EUFRONIO SON

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-94-985 February 21, 1995 : APOLINARIO MUÑEZ vs. CIRIACO ARIÑO

  • G.R. No. 94374 February 21, 1995 : PLDT COMPANY vs. NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 107590 February 21, 1995 : PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MAYNILA vs. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 109032 February 21, 1995 : DENNIS DEL ROSARIO vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109662 February 21, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. RIZALDY GUAMOS

  • G.R. No. 112099 February 21, 1995 : ACHILLES C. BERCES, SR. vs. TEOFISTO T. GUINGONA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 112285 February 21, 1995 : LOIDA ACAB, ET AL. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113890 February 22, 1995 : SPS. GIL AND ELMA DEL ROSARIO vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114032 February 22, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. IGNACIO CAMAHALAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 117078 February 22, 1995 : ALFREDO G. LAMEN, ET AL. vs. DIR., BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-94-922 February 23, 1995 : MIGUEL A. ARVISU vs. AUGUSTO O. SUMILANG

  • G.R. No. 82631 February 23, 1995 : SOUTHEAST ASIAN FISHERIES DEV'T. CENTER vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85667 February 23, 1995 : ILUMINADO ILUMIN vs. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 92432 February 23, 1995 : ALDORA LARKINS vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 94986 February 23, 1995 : HATIMA C. YASIN vs. SHARI'A DISTRICT COURT

  • G.R. No. 101683 February 23, 1995 : LBC AIR CARGO, INC., ET AL. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 103975 February 23, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. RICHARD ZERVOULAKOS

  • G.R. No. 105710 February 23, 1995 : JAG & HAGGAR JEANS AND SPORTSWEAR CORP. vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 106108 February 23, 1995 : CABALAN PASTULAN NEGRITO LABOR ASSO., ET AL. vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 107303 February 23, 1995 : EMMANUEL C. OÑATE, ET AL. vs. ZEUS C. ABROGAR

  • G.R. No. 108164 February 23, 1995 : FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST CO. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 109095-109107 February 23, 1995 : ELPEDIO LASCO, ET AL. vs. UNITED NATIONS REVOLVING FUND FOR NATURAL RESOURCES EXPLORATION

  • G.R. No. 112243 February 23, 1995 : SECRETARY OF HEALTH, ET AL. vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 113779-80 February 23, 1995 : ALVIN TUASON vs. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 101794 February 24, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. ELISEO MORIN

  • G.R. Nos. 110991-92 February 24, 1995 : PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. vs. MELCHOR DELA IGLESIA

  • G.R. No. 90628 February 1, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE A. RAYRAY

  • G.R. No. 97949 February 1, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARMANDO P. GIRENG

  • G.R. No. 99375 February 1, 1995 - GLICERIO MANGOMA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 105776 February 1, 1995 - ROMEO G. JALOSJOS v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

  • G.R. No. 105992 February 1, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO CABRERA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 106161 February 1, 1995 - ILOCOS SUR ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC., ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110088 February 1, 1995 - MERLE A. ALONZO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110116 February 1, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NICK A. NICOLAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 111187 February 1, 1995 - R. TRANSPORT CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. RTJ-94-1183 February 6, 1995 - CONCERNED CITIZENS v. ARMIE E. ELMA

  • G.R. No. 97969 February 6, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GUILLERMO PANGANIBAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 100133 February 6, 1995 - EDGARDO C. MORALES, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 104891 February 6, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RONNIE MALLARI, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113591 February 6, 1995 - AGUIDO LACSON, JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114427 February 6, 1995 - ARMANDO GEAGONIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 99346 February 7, 1995 - CASA FILIPINA REALTY CORPORATION v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109832 February 7, 1995 - FERNANDO FAROLAN v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 116206 February 7, 1995 - JOSE M. BULAONG v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 112573 February 9, 1995 - NORTHWEST ORIENT AIRLINES, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113547 February 9, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANITA L. BAUTISTA

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-92-6-251 February 13, 1995 - EMERITO M. AGCAOILI v. JOSE O. RAMOS

  • Adm. Matter No. 94-12-111-MeTC February 13, 1995 - AUDIT REPORTS OF ATTY. GENER C. ENDONA

  • Adm. Matter No. P-92-684 February 13, 1995 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. MAMINTING A. MALLI

  • Adm. Matter No. P-94-1068 February 13, 1995 - VICTOR ELIPE v. HONESTO FABRE

  • G.R. No. 100635 February 13, 1995 - SPS. RAMON AND ERLINDA TARNATE v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 100665 February 13, 1995 - ZANOTTE SHOES, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 104994 February 13, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILFREDO MORALES

  • G.R. No. 105834 February 13, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JEAN B. BALINGAN

  • G.R. No. 110836 February 13, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NICASIO V. CASIL

  • G.R. No. 110854 February 13, 1995 - PIER 8 ARRASTRE & STEVEDORING SERVICES, INC. v. MA. NIEVES ROLDAN-CONFESOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 112027 February 13, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PABLO B. BALSACAO

  • G.R. No. L-112513 February 14, 1995 - EDGAR R. DEL CASTILLO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-93-858 February 15, 1995 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. PEDRO ANTONIO

  • G.R. No. L-41968 February 15, 1995 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. DELIA P. MEDINA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-45835 February 15, 1995 - ALFREDO BITALAC v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 75257-58 February 15, 1995 - POTENCIANA CALAHAT, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 98277 February 15, 1995 - COCOFED, ET AL. v. CRESENCIANO B. TRAJANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 106783 February 15, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MODESTO R. DE ROXAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110068 February 15, 1995 - PHILIPPINE DUPLICATORS, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114145 February 15, 1995 - LEE ENG HONG, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. 93-7-696-0 February 21, 1995 - IN RE JOAQUIN T. BORROMEO

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-93-741 February 21, 1995 - TEOTIMO GIL v. EUFRONIO SON

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-94-985 February 21, 1995 - APOLINARIO MUÑEZ v. CIRIACO ARIÑO

  • G.R. No. 94374 February 21, 1995 - PLDT COMPANY v. NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 107590 February 21, 1995 - PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MAYNILA v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 109032 February 21, 1995 - DENNIS DEL ROSARIO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109662 February 21, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RIZALDY GUAMOS

  • G.R. No. 112099 February 21, 1995 - ACHILLES C. BERCES, SR. v. TEOFISTO T. GUINGONA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 112285 February 21, 1995 - LOIDA ACAB, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113890 February 22, 1995 - SPS. GIL AND ELMA DEL ROSARIO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114032 February 22, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IGNACIO CAMAHALAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 117078 February 22, 1995 - ALFREDO G. LAMEN, ET AL. v. DIR., BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS

  • Adm. Matter No. MTJ-94-922 February 23, 1995 - MIGUEL A. ARVISU v. AUGUSTO O. SUMILANG

  • G.R. No. 82631 February 23, 1995 - SOUTHEAST ASIAN FISHERIES DEV’T. CENTER v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85667 February 23, 1995 - ILUMINADO ILUMIN v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 92432 February 23, 1995 - ALDORA LARKINS v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 94986 February 23, 1995 - HATIMA C. YASIN v. SHARI’A DISTRICT COURT

  • G.R. No. 101683 February 23, 1995 - LBC AIR CARGO, INC., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 103975 February 23, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RICHARD ZERVOULAKOS

  • G.R. No. 105710 February 23, 1995 - JAG & HAGGAR JEANS AND SPORTSWEAR CORP. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 106108 February 23, 1995 - CABALAN PASTULAN NEGRITO LABOR ASSO., ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 107303 February 23, 1995 - EMMANUEL C. OÑATE, ET AL. v. ZEUS C. ABROGAR

  • G.R. No. 108164 February 23, 1995 - FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST CO. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 109095-109107 February 23, 1995 - ELPEDIO LASCO, ET AL. v. UNITED NATIONS REVOLVING FUND FOR NATURAL RESOURCES EXPLORATION

  • G.R. No. 112243 February 23, 1995 - SECRETARY OF HEALTH, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 113779-80 February 23, 1995 - ALVIN TUASON v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 101794 February 24, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELISEO MORIN

  • G.R. Nos. 110991-92 February 24, 1995 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELCHOR DELA IGLESIA

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 111187   February 1, 1995 - R. TRANSPORT CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 111187. February 1, 1995.]

    R. TRANSPORT CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, Former 15th Division, Manila, HON. SALVADOR S. ABAD SANTOS, as Presiding Judge, Regional Trial Court of Makati, Metro Manila, Branch 65 and FLOSERIDA L. CASTAÑEDA, Respondents.


    SYLLABUS


    1. REMEDIAL LAW; EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION; REGULAR PERFORMANCE OF OFFICIAL DUTIES; UNREBUTTED IN CASE AT BAR. — The affidavit filed by the president of petitioner — where she stated that the Operations Manager was not Cesar Pasquin but a certain Roger F. Lemi — deserves scant weight for being self-serving. As correctly held by the appellate court, the allegations in the affidavit cannot overcome the presumption stated in Section 3(m), Rule 131 of the Revised Rules of Court that official duty (that of the service of summons by the process server) had been regularly performed. Thus, credence is to be given to the process server’s Officer’s Return of December 6, 1991, where it is stated that a copy of the summons was received at Sucat, Paranague by a Cesar Pasquin, who identified himself as petitioner’s Operations Manager.

    2. ID.; CIVIL PROCEDURE; SERVICE OF SUMMONS; CERTIFICATE THEREOF BY PROPER OFFICER; PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS SET OUT THEREIN. — The certificate of service by the proper officer is prima facie evidence of the facts set out therein. Where such certificate shows that service of summons in an action against a corporation was made by serving a copy thereof on a person therein named and described as the managing agent of the company, it is prima facie evidence of the fact that the person on whom the summons was served was in fact the managing agent of the company. To overcome the presumption arising from the certificate, the evidence must be clear and convincing. Petitioner has failed to overcome such presumption.

    3. ID.; ID.; ID.; HOW EFFECTED UPON PRIVATE DOMESTIC CORPORATION OR PARTNERSHIP; RULE. — As a general rule, service of summons must be made on the persons named in Section 13, Rule 14 of the Revised Rules of Court which provides: "Service upon private domestic corporation or partnership. - If the defendant is a corporation organized under the laws of the Philippines or a partnership duly registered, service may be made on the president, manager, secretary, cashier, agent or any of its directors." Thus service on persons other than those mentioned in said Rule has been held as improper.

    4. ID.; ID.; ID.; ID.; ID.; LIBERALIZED; RATIONALE; CASE AT BAR. — Through the years, the rule on service of summons has been liberalized. Such liberalization is to give life to the rationale behind Section 13 of Rule 14, stated in Villa Rey Transit, Inc. v. Far East Motor Corporation, 81 SCRA 298 [1978]) thus: "The rationale of all rules for service of process on corporations is that service must be made on a representative so integrated with the corporation sued as to make it a priori supposable that he will realize his responsibilities and know what he should do with any legal papers served on him." Thus service of summons on persons other than those enumerated in Section 13 of Rule 14 have been held proper on the theory that those persons served were holding positions or responsibility and could appreciate the importance of the papers handed them, and could be expected to deliver the papers to the proper officer. These persons ranged from ordinary clerks, private secretaries of corporate executives, retained counsel, officials who had charge or control of the operations of the corporation, like the Assistant General Manager, and the corporation’s Chief of Finance and Administrative Officer. These individuals were considered "agents" within the contemplation of Section 13 of Rule 14. Thus, we hold that service of summons on petitioner’s Operations Manager was valid. He is an officer who may be relied upon to appreciate the importance of the papers served on him. The purpose of Section 13 of Rule 14 was served. The fact that service was made at petitioner’s bus terminal at the address stated in the summons and not at its office in Makati does not render the service of summons invalid. In Villa Rey Transit, Inc., supra, we held valid the service of summons made on the corporation’s Assistant General Manager for Operations holding office at the "substation" in Sampaloc, Manila.


    D E C I S I O N


    QUIASON, J.:


    This is a petition for review on certiorari under Rule 45 of the Revised Rules of Court of the decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 27647 and its resolution dated July 21, 1993 denying petitioner’s motion for reconsideration.

    I


    On November 22, 1991, private respondent filed a complaint for damages arising from breach of contract of carriage against petitioner with the Regional Trial Court, Branch 65, Makati, Metro Manila (docketed as Civil Case No. 91-3242).

    Summons addressed to "R. Transport Corporation, Sucat Road, Parañaque" was prepared (Rollo, p. 31).

    The process server of the trial court submitted his Officer’s Return on December 6, 1991 stating:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "This is to certify that on the 4th day of December 1991, copy of the summons together with complaint and all its annexes attached thereto issued by this Honorable Court in the above-entitled case has been duly served upon the defendant R. Transport, Inc., of Sucat Road, Parañaque and receipt was acknowledge (sic) by Mr. Cesar Pasquin who identified himself as the operation (sic) manager of said company as evidence of (sic) his signature that appears at the lower right portion of the original copy of the summons.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    "Wherefore, the original copy of this summons is respectfully returned to the Honorable Court of origin for its record and information, DULY SERVED" (Rollo, p. 60).

    In an Order dated January 28, 1991, the trial court, upon ex parte motion of private respondent, declared petitioner in default and appointed a commissioner to receive evidence ex parte on February 18, 1992 (Rollo, p. 32).

    On February 14, 1992, petitioner filed a Motion to Dismiss and to Stop Ex Parte Reception of Evidence (Rollo, p. 33). It asserted that it was not properly served with summons and consequently, the trial court did not acquire jurisdiction over its person. It argued that none of the officers enumerated in Section 13, Rule 14 of the Revised Rules of Court (namely, the corporation’s president, manager, secretary, cashier, agent or any of its directors) received any summons in Civil Case No. 91-3242.

    In an Order dated February 18, 1992, the trial court denied petitioner’s motion and allowed private respondent to adduce its evidence ex parte on March 17, 1992 (Rollo, p. 36).

    On March 4, 1992, petitioner filed a motion for reconsideration giving as an additional ground therefor that summons was served at Sucat, Parañaque, where its bus terminal was located, and not at its principal office at No. 4474 Singian Street, Makati, Metro Manila, where its president, general manager, secretary, agent and directors hold office. Petitioner asked, inter alia, that the trial court direct "the Clerk of Court to issue another summons together with a copy of the complaint and serve such summons to the President, General Manager, Cashier, or any of its Directors, with offices at Rizal Towers, 4474 Singian St., Makati, Metro Manila, who are authorized by law to receive these summons on behalf of the defendant corporation" (Rollo, p. 39).

    In an Order dated March 17, 1992, the trial court denied petitioner’s motion for reconsideration for lack of merit (Rollo, p. 44).

    Hence, petitioner filed a petition for certiorari with the Court of Appeals to nullify the above three orders of the trial court.

    The Court of Appeals dismissed the petition ruling that the trial court did not commit any grave abuse of discretion in declaring the petitioner in default and in denying petitioner’s motion for reconsideration.

    Petitioner moved for reconsideration of the appellate court’s decision, submitting the affidavit of its President to the effect that its Operations Manager was a certain Roger F. Lemi and not Cesar Pasquin.

    In its Resolution dated July 21, 1993, the appellate court denied the motion.

    Hence, this petition.

    II


    The affidavit filed by the president of petitioner — where she stated that the Operations Manager was not Cesar Pasquin but a certain Roger F. Lemi — deserves scant weight for being self-serving. As correctly held by the appellate court, the allegations in the affidavit cannot overcome the presumption stated in Section 3(m), Rule 131 of the Revised Rules of Court that official duty (that of the service of summons by the process server) had been regularly performed. Thus, credence is to be given to the process server’s Officer’s Return of December 6, 1991, where it is stated that a copy of the summons was received at Sucat, Parañaque by a Cesar Pasquin, who identified himself as petitioner’s Operations Manager.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Furthermore, the certificate of service by the proper officer is prima facie evidence of the facts set out therein. Where such certificate shows that service of summons in an action against a corporation was made by serving a copy thereof on a person therein named and described as the managing agent of the company, it is prima facie evidence of the fact that the person on whom the summons was served was in fact the managing agent of the company. To overcome the presumption arising from the certificate, the evidence must be clear and convincing (Vargas and Co. v. Chan Hang Chiu, 29 Phil. 446 [1915]). Petitioner has failed to overcome such presumption.

    We now come to the issue of whether there was valid service of summons. Petitioner contends that the summons was not served on the proper officer of the corporation holding office at Singian Street, Makati, Metro Manila, but on the Operations Manager at petitioner’s bus terminal in Sucat, Parañaque.

    As a general rule, service of summons must be made on the persons named in Section 13, Rule 14 of the Revised Rules of Court which provides:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Service upon private domestic corporation or partnership. — If the defendant is a corporation organized under the laws of the Philippines or a partnership duly registered, service may be made on the president, manager, secretary, cashier, agent or any of its directors."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Thus, service on persons other than those mentioned in said Rule has been held as improper (ATM Trucking, Inc. v. Buencamino, 124 SCRA 434 [1983]; Delta Motors Sales Corporation v. Mangosing, 70 SCRA 598 [1976]).

    Through the years, the rule on service of summons has been liberalized. Such liberalization is to give life to the rationale behind Section 13 of Rule 14, stated in Villa Rey Transit, Inc. v. Far East Motor Corporation, 81 SCRA 298 (1978) thus:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "The rationale of all rules for service of process on corporations is that service must be made on a representative so integrated with the corporation sued as to make it a priori supposable that he will realize his responsibilities and know what he should do with any legal papers served on him." chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Thus service of summons on persons other than those enumerated in Section 13 of Rule 14 have been held proper on the theory that those persons served were holding positions of responsibility and could appreciate the importance of the papers handed them, and could be expected to deliver the papers to the proper officer (Rebollido v. Court of Appeals, 170 SCRA 800 [1989]). These persons ranged from ordinary clerks (Golden Country Farms, Inc. v. Sanvar Development Corporation, 214 SCRA 295 [1992]; G & G Trading v. Court of Appeals, 158 SCRA 466 [1988]), private secretaries of corporate executives (Summit Trading and Development Corporation v. Avendano, 135 SCRA 397 [1985]), retained counsel (Republic v. Ker & Company, Ltd., 18 SCRA 207 [1966]), officials who had charge or control of the operations of the corporation, like the Assistant General Manager (Villa Rey Transit, Inc. v. Far East Motor Corporation, supra), and the corporation’s Chief of Finance and Administrative Officer (Far Corporation v. Francisco, 146 SCRA 197 [1986]). These individuals were considered "agents" within the contemplation of Section 13 of Rule 14 (Filoil Marketing Corporation v. Marine Development Corporation of the Philippines, 117 SCRA 86 [1982]; Summit Trading and Development Corporation v. Francisco, supra).

    Thus, we hold that service of summons on petitioner’s Operations Manager was valid. He is an officer who may be relied upon to appreciate the importance of the papers served on him. The purpose of Section 13 of Rule 14 was served. The fact that service was made at petitioner’s bus terminal at the address stated in the summons and not at its office in Makati does not render the service of summons invalid. In Villa Rey Transit, Inc., supra, we held valid the service of summons made on the corporation’s Assistant General Manager for Operations holding office at the "sub-station" in Sampaloc, Manila.

    As held in Gesulgon v. National Labor Relations Commission, 219 SCRA 561 (1993), where service of summons was effected on the corporation’s Assistant Manager:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "It would be contrary to public policy to permit a corporation to free itself from the consequences of service upon it of legal process by pleading the supposed failure of one of its officers to carry out the duties incumbent upon such officer" (at pp. 569-570).

    Petitioner is engaged in the transportation business, operating over 100 buses. Its central bus terminal is located at Sucat, Parañaque, from where it conducts the bulk of its business. It was at that terminal where petitioner’s Operations Manager was found and upon whom service was made. We distinguish the instant case from First Integrated Bonding & Insurance Co., Inc. v. Dizon, 125 SCRA 440 (1983), where we held that a branch manager does not come within the enumeration of Section 13, Rule 14, who are officers whose duties generally pertain to the overall transportation business of the corporation and not merely to a branch or department thereof.

    WHEREFORE, the petition is DENIED.

    SO ORDERED.

    Padilla, Davide, Jr., Bellosillo and Kapunan, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 111187   February 1, 1995 - R. TRANSPORT CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.


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