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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
September-2000 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 117690 September 1, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO DANO

  • G.R. No. 128567 September 1, 2000 - HUERTA ALBA RESORT INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1582 September 4, 2000 - COB C. DE LA CRUZ v. RODOLFO M. SERRANO

  • G.R. No. 134763 September 4, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILFREDO RIGLOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137785 September 4, 2000 - NAPOCOR v. VINE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139282 September 4, 2000 - ROMEO DIEGO v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 90828 September 5, 2000 - MELVIN COLINARES, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 124077 September 5, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ADORACION SEVILLA ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129239 September 5, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PAUL LAPIZ

  • G.R. Nos. 131848-50 September 5, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO VILLARAZA

  • G.R. No. 139853 September 5, 2000 - FERDINAND THOMAS M. SOLLER v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1307 September 6, 2000 - MANUEL BUNYI, ET AL. v. FELIX A. CARAOS

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1309 September 6, 2000 - FREDESMINDA DAYAWON v. MAXIMINO A. BADILLA

  • A.M. No. O.C.A.-00-01 September 6, 2000 - JULIETA B. NAVARRO v. RONALDO O. NAVARRO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129220 September 6, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BERNIE JAMON FAUSTINO

  • G.R. No. 131506 September 6, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODEL DIZON

  • G.R. No. 133625 September 6, 2000 - REMEDIOS F. EDRIAL ET AL. v. PEDRO QUILAT-QUILAT, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1314 September 7, 2000 - CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS v. RODOLFO D. OBNAMIA JR.

  • G.R. No. 121802 September 7, 2000 - GIL MACALINO, JR. v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126036 September 7, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PASCUAL BALINAD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128158 September 7, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARMANDO JUAREZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137431 September 7, 2000 - EDGARDO SANTOS v. LAND BANK OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 143385 September 7, 2000 - LEARNING CHILD, ET AL. v. ANNIE LAZARO, ET AL.

  • A.M. Nos. P-93-990 & A.M. No. P-94-1042 September 8, 2000 - TERESITO D. FRANCISCO v. FERNANDO CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 125167 September 8, 2000 - PRODUCERS BANK OF THE PHIL, ET AL. v. BANK OF THE PHIL. ISLANDS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137714 September 8, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS.. v. ROBERTO BANIGUID

  • A. M. No. P-99-1309 September 11, 2000 - FRANCISCO B. IBAY v. VIRGINIA G. LIM

  • G.R. No. 137857 September 11, 2000 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANCHO MAGDATO

  • G.R. No. 115054-66 September 12, 2000 - PEOPLE-OF THE PHILIPPINES v. VICENTE MENIL

  • G.R. No. 138201 September 12, 2000 - FRANCISCO BAYOCA, ET AL. v. GAUDIOSO NOGALES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123111 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY DAGAMI

  • G.R. No. 127444 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TIRSO D. C. VELASCO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126402 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LITO ROSALES

  • G.R. No. 126781 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CALIXTO ZINAMPAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133918 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TIBOY ALBACIN

  • G.R. No. 133981 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HILARION BERGONIO, JR.

  • A.M. No. 00-1281-MTJ. September 14, 2000 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. SALVADOR B. MENDOZA

  • G.R. Nos. 104637-38 & 109797 September 14, 2000 - SAN MIGUEL CORPORATION, ET AL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126368 September 14, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOHNNY CALABROSO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129208 September 14, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDGARDO ALORO

  • G.R. No. 131680 September 14, 2000 - SUBIC BAY METROPOLITAN AUTHORITY, ET AL. v. UNIVERSAL INTERNATIONAL GROUP OF TAIWAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140269-70 September 14, 2000 - PHIL. CARPET EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION ET AL. v. PHIL. CARPET MANUFACTURING CORP.

  • G.R. Nos. 143351 & 144129 September 14, 2000 - MA. AMELITA C. VILLAROSA v. HRET, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109269 September 15, 2000 - BAYER PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134266 September 15, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELENCIO BALI-BALITA

  • G.R. Nos. 135288-93 September 15, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESUS GIANAN

  • G.R. No. 130038 September 18, 2000 - ROSA LIM v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 132603 September 18, 2000 - ELPIDIO M. SALVA, ET AL. v. ROBERTO L. MAKALINTAL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134651 September 18, 2000 - VIRGILIO JIMENEZ, ET AL. v. PATRICIA, INC.

  • G.R. No. 134730 September 18, 2000 - FELIPE GARCIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 133373-77 September 18, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FAUSTINO CAMPOS

  • G.R. NO. 140268 September 18, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE LLANES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141471 September 18, 2000 - COLEGIO DE SAN JUAN DE LETRAN v. ASSOC. OF EMPLOYEES AND FACULTY OF LETRAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141787 September 18, 2000 - MANUEL H. AFIADO, ET AL. v. COMELEC

  • G.R. No. 142038 September 18, 2000 - ROLANDO E. COLUMBRES v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 136149-51 September 19, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WALPAN LADJAALAM

  • G.R. No. 137659 September 19, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMADEO TRELLES

  • G.R. No. 114348 September 20, 2000 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131927 September 20, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DAVID BANAWOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135516 September 20, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. NEIL DUMAGUING

  • G.R. No. 132547 September 20, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO ULEP

  • G.R. No. 117417 September 21, 2000 - MILAGROS A. CORTES v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120747 September 21, 2000 - VICENTE GOMEZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128990 September 21, 2000 - INVESTORS FINANCE CORP. v. AUTOWORLD SALES CORP.

  • G.R. No. 136396 September 21, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO ZASPA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136453 September 21, 2000 - PETRITA Y. BONILLA v. COURT OF APPEALS, , ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137571 September 21, 2000 - TUNG CHIN HUI v. RUFUS B. RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-00-1424 & MTJ-00-1316 September 25, 2000 - REYNALDO B. BELLOSILLO v. DANTE DE LA CRUZ RIVERA

  • G.R. No. 129055 September 25, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDGAR BACALSO

  • G.R. No. 129296 September 25, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHlL. v. ABE VALDEZ

  • G.R. No. 132078 September 25, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARTEMIO BERZUELA

  • G.R. No. 133465 September 25, 2000 - AMELITA DOLFO v. REGISTER OF DEEDS FOR THE PROVINCE OF CAVITE, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-93-986 September 26, 2000 - EDUARDO C. DE VERA v. WILLIAM LAYAGUE

  • G.R. No. 122110 September 26, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERIGEL OLIVA

  • G.R. No. 135630 September 26, 2000 - INTRAMUROS TENNIS CLUB v. PHIL. TOURISM AUTHORITY (PTA)

  • G.R. Nos. 136012-16 September 26, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ULDARICO HONRA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 138887 September 26, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JURRIE DUBRIA

  • G.R. No. 142392 September 26, 2000 - DOMINGA A. SALMONE v. EMPLOYEES’ COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1319 September 27, 2000 - ROLANDO A. SULLA v. RODOLFO C. RAMOS

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1447 September 27, 2000 - LEONARDO DARACAN, ET AL. v. ELI G.C. NATIVIDAD

  • G.R. No. 109760 September 27, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. PABLO F. EMOY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122498 September 27, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. ELMEDIO CAJARA

  • G.R. No. 133946 September 27, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. OSCAR NOGAR

  • G.R. Nos. 97138-39 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EFREN TEMANEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132311 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MINA LIBRERO

  • G.R. No. 132725 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARMANDO QUILATAN

  • G.R. No. 136843 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO ABUNGAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138054 September 28, 2000 - ROSENDO C. CARTICIANO, ET AL. v. MARIO NUVAL

  • G.R. No. 138503 September 28, 2000 - ROBERTO FERNANDEZ v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 00-3-01-CTA September 29, 2000 - RE: JUDGE ERNESTO D. ACOSTA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1589 September 29, 2000 - JEANET N. MANIO v. JOSE ENER S. FERNANDO

  • G.R. No. 106401 September 29, 2000 - FLORENTINO ZARAGOZA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123299 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SANTIAGO CARUGAL, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 124671-75 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LINDA SAGAYDO

  • G.R. No. 126048 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. RODEL SAMONTE

  • G.R. No. 126254 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RONALDO PONCE

  • G.R. No. 129507 September 29, 2000 - CHAN SUI BI, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130785 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. RONALD VITAL

  • G.R. No. 131492 September 29, 2000 - ROGER POSADAS, ET AL. v. OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131813 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABENDAN

  • G.R. No. 133443 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DOMINADOR DE LA ROSA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134100 September 29, 2000 - PURITA ALIPIO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135382 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LOURDES GAMBOA

  • G.R. No. 135457 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE PATRIARCA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135548 September 29, 2000 - FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST COMPANY v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135981 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIVIC GENOSA

  • G.R. Nos. 137379-81 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. ARTURO GARCIA

  • G.R. No. 139910 September 29, 2000 - PHILIPPINE COCONUT AUTHORITY v. CORONA INTERNATIONAL

  • G.R. No. 141060 September 29, 2000 - PILIPINAS BANK v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141959 September 29, 2000 - JUANITA NARZOLES, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  •  





     
     

    A.M. No. O.C.A.-00-01   September 6, 2000 - JULIETA B. NAVARRO v. RONALDO O. NAVARRO, ET AL.

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [A.M. No. O.C.A.-00-01. September 6, 2000.]

    (Formerly O.C.A. I.P.I. No. 99-02-OCA)

    JULIETA B. NAVARRO, Complainant, v. RONALDO O. NAVARRO and ROBERLYN JOY C. MARIÑAS, Respondents.

    D E C I S I O N


    KAPUNAN, J.:


    On March 15, 1999, Mrs. Julieta B. Navarro filed with the Office of the Deputy Court Administrator Reynaldo Suarez, an affidavit-complaint charging for gross immorality Ronaldo O. Navarro, Legal Researcher, of the Office of Deputy Court Administrator Reynaldo Suarez, and Roberlyn Joy C. Mariñas, also a Legal Researcher in the Legal Office, Office of the Court Administrator. The affidavit-complaint alleges:chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    I, JULIETA B. NAVARRO, of legal age, and a resident of 276 Bunga Mayor, Bustos, Bulacan, under oath, depose and say:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    1. That I am the lawful wife of RONALDO O. NAVARRO, the marriage having been solemnized at Sto. Niño Church, Bustos, Bulacan on June 19, 1988. Attached herewith is a certified true copy of our Marriage Certificate as ANNEX "A."cralaw virtua1aw library

    2. That sometime in the year 1997, I received some information that my husband is keeping a mistress, which information I verified, as a result of which, I personally came to know that he is living with another woman named ROBERYN (sic) JOY C. MARIÑAS, with whom he has a child named MARIA LOURDES M. NAVARRO. A certified true copy of the birth certificate and baptismal certificate is hereto attached as ANNEX "B" and "C" respectively;

    3. That my husband has abandoned and stopped supporting us (me and our child) and as a consequence of which we are now living with my parents,

    4. That my husband and his mistress are now living with each other at 82 Libis Espina, Kaloocan City and are deporting themselves as husband and wife, which fact appears in the birth certificate of their child.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    5. That my husband and his mistress are both employees of the Supreme Court, both holding the position of Legal Researcher III and are assigned with the Office of DCA Suarez and Legal Office, OCA respectively;

    6. That I am executing this affidavit to formally file an administrative complaint against them for GROSS IMMORALITY.

    The case was in due course referred to the Office of the Court Administrator for evaluation report and recommendation. 1 Court Administrator Alfredo L. Benipayo in his memorandum report 2 to the Chief Justice, summarizes the facts of the case as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    On March 15, 1999, a complaint for gross immorality was filed by Mrs. Julieta B. Navarro against Ronaldo O. Navarro, Legal Researcher, Office of DCA Reynaldo Suarez and Roberyn (sic) Joy C. Mariñas, also a Legal Researcher in the legal Office, Office of the Court Administrator. The complaint was received at the Office of DCA Suarez.

    Complainant alleged that she is the lawful wife of respondent Ronaldo O. Navarro, their marriage having been solemnized on June 19, 1988 at Sto. Niño Church, Bustos, Bulacan. According to her, sometime in 1997, she received information that her husband, respondent herein, is keeping a mistress. Complainant allegedly verified the information and personally discovered that respondent Navarro is indeed living with another woman with whom he has a child. The woman is respondent Roberyn (sic) Joy C. Mariñas. Attached to the complaint are certified true copies of the birth and baptismal certificates of the respondents’ child, Maria Lourdes M. Navarro. Complainant further claims that respondent Navarro abandoned and stopped supporting her and their child. As a consequence, she has to live with her parents. It is also alleged that respondents are living together at 82 Libis Espina, Caloocan City and deport themselves as husband and wife.

    In an undated letter addressed to the Chief Justice, complainant inquired about the status of her complaint. In the letter, she claimed that she was an employee of the Supreme Court assigned at MISO but she was made to resign by respondent Navarro so that she can take care of their only child; that respondent Navarro’s motive in asking her to resign is to cover up his alleged affair with respondent Mariñas; and that respondent Navarro no longer provides any financial support to her and their child.

    The Court En Banc, in a resolution dated November 16, 1999, required respondents to comment on the charge of gross immorality within ten (10) days from notice.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    On December 10, 1999, respondent Mariñas requested for a copy of the complaint and supporting documents, which according to her was not attached to the resolution she received. The letter-request was forwarded to the Office of the Court Administrator on December 13, 1999.

    On the other hand, respondent Navarro, submitted his comment on January 21, 2000. In his comment, respondent Navarro implored the Court’s compassion and mercy for the dismissal of the complaint. He admits that complainant is his lawful wife and that he has a child by the name of Maria Lourdes M. Navarro with his co-respondent. Respondent Navarro likewise does not deny the veracity and truthfulness of the child’s birth and baptismal certificates. However, he denied that his co-respondent Mariñas is his mistress and that they are living together and deporting themselves as husband wife.

    Respondent Navarro acknowledged having had an intimate relationship with respondent Marinas while they were schoolmates at the Far Eastern University, Institute of Law. Allegedly, what drove them into that illicit affair were their respective personal problems. He claims that they did not realize the moral and legal repercussions of their relationship until respondent Mariñas got pregnant with his child. It was at that time that they decided to end their relationship but both agreed to jointly support their child. According to respondent Navarro he admits without any reservation and without any feeling of remorse that he had an affair with respondent Mariñas, such an affair being a product of mutual love, trust and respect. He however disputes complainant’s allegation that he and respondent Mariñas live together and deport themselves as husband and wife. Respondent Navarro asserts that his co-respondent together with her sister used to rent a house at No. 82 Libis Espina, Caloocan City since they live separately from their parents. Now, the only reason he and respondent Mariñas see each other is when he delivers a meager financial support to their child who is asthmatic. Respondent Navarro further claims that whenever they are within the premises of the Court, they act as if they are strangers to each other to avoid the impression that they are proud of their relationship.

    Anent the respondents’ married status as reflected in the birth certificate of their child, Maria Lourdes, respondent Navarro explained that they were constrained to supply such information not because of any criminal intent but for the sole purpose of shielding their child from the share and disgrace that the latter might encounter by reason of her illegitimacy.

    Respondent Navarro denies that he had abandoned and has stopped supporting the complainant and their child. He contends that in the first place, he and complainant have no conjugal dwelling because the latter together with their son are staying at her parents’ house in Bustos, Bulacan. According to respondent Navarro, he was driven out of the house by his parents-in-law without any objections from the complainant. He likewise claims that whenever he gives his financial support, he can only visit his son at a neighbor’s house since he is prohibited to enter his parents-in-law’s premises. And in case he is unable to personally deliver his support, he often requested complainant’s distant relative who is an employee of the Supreme Court, assigned at MISO, to do so. Contrary to complainant’s allegation, respondent Navarro avers that he has never forgotten his duties and obligations to his son. But allegedly, he is only capable of providing his son with a measly sum considering that his monthly take home pay amounts to merely P2,120.80. However; in case there are benefits received from the Court, respondent Navarro increases the amount of support given to complainant and their child. Prior to the filing of the instant administrative complaint, he even offered to give his son all the benefits that he will receive from the Court.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    While admitting that he had an affair with respondent Mariñas, respondent Navarro insists that his co-respondent can no longer be regarded as a "mistress" since they had already ended their illicit relationship. He even invoked sympathy and kindness for such women who carry on affairs with married men saying that they are merely human beings who are weak.

    Respondent Navarro disclaims the allegation that he forced complainant to resign. According to him, complainant was merely a contractual employee assigned at MISO and as such, her employment was good only for a limited period of time. Due to the long absence of complainant, her contract was allegedly no longer renewed.

    To mitigate his liability, respondent Navarro cited his almost fourteen years of dedicated and devoted service to the Supreme Court and alleged that during these years he had never been involved in any scandal nor had he even been a subject of an administrative complaint. He further claims that he is effective and responsible in the performance of his duties. Similarly, respondent Navarro entreats the Supreme Court to be lenient in the imposition of penalty in this administrative case considering that he is an ordinary employee upon whom the high standard of integrity and ethical conduct required of a judge should not be applied. Moreover, he avers that his infraction should not be measured against the standards of moral integrity expected of a lawyer. He insists that a very minor distinction should be made on the yardstick of morality between an ordinary employee and that of a judge or a lawyer.

    Respondent Navarro waived the conduct of a formal investigation in this administrative case and agreed that the matter be evaluated on the basis of available documents on hand. He also informed the Court that an action for Declaration of Nullity of his marriage with complainant is presently pending before the Regional Trial Court, San Fernando, Pampanga.

    The Supreme Court En Banc in a resolution dated February 1, 2000 referred the instant administrative case to the Office of the Court Administrator for evaluation, report and recommendation within twenty (20) days from notice.

    The record of the administrative case shows that respondent Mariñas had not filed any comment Thus, the Court Administrator required her to comment. within five (5) days from notice. Respondent Mariñas received the memorandum on February 15, 2000. On February 15, 2000, the Office of the Court Administrator requested for an extension of fifteen (15) days within which to comply with the Court’s resolution. The Court in a resolution dated February 22, 2000 granted the request and gave the Office of the Court Administrator until March 9, 2000 to submit the evaluation. Meanwhile, respondent Mariñas filed an Urgent Ex-Parte Motion (with reiteration of the letter dated December 10, 1999) wherein she prayed to: (a) be furnished with the supporting documents mentioned in the complaint; (b) be given a non-extendible period of ten (10) days from receipt of the subject documents within which to submit her comment; and (c) hold in abeyance the evaluation of the complaint until she has been furnished with the subject documents. The request to be furnished with the following documents attached to the complaint was granted:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    (a) Certificate of Live Birth of Maria Lourdes Mariñas; and

    (b) Certificate of Baptism of Maria Lourdes Mariñas Navarro

    However, the marriage certificate of respondent Navarro and complainant referred to an Annex "A" in the complaint was not included in the attachments submitted. Further, respondent Mariñas was given a non-extendible period of five (5) days from receipt of the documents within which to submit her comment.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    On March 6, 2000, respondent Mariñas submitted her comment wherein she admitted without any feeling of regret that she had a child with respondent Navarro. She similarly acknowledged the veracity and truthfulness of their child’s birth and baptismal certificates but denies that she is the mistress of respondent Navarro. Respondent Mariñas confirmed that she had an intimate relationship with respondent Navarro when they were still schoolmates at the Far Eastern University. According to her, at that time, she was beset with personal problems which clouded her judgment and she only come into her senses when she got pregnant with respondent Navarro’s child. She decided to continue with the pregnancy and face the consequences of her action than to undergo an abortion. It was at this time that she and Navarro severed their illicit relationship but they agreed to jointly support their child. Having terminated their affair, respondent Mariñas’ asserts that she can no longer be regarded as a mistress. She similarly claims that she and her co-respondent never lived in the same house which negates complainant’s allegation that they are living as husband and wife in No. 82 Libis Espina, Caloocan City. Allegedly, respondent Mariñas is living with her youngest sister away from her parents due to the scandal brought about by complainant in making exaggerated stories to discredit her.

    Regarding the birth certificate of their child, Maria Lourdes Mariñas Navarro, respondent Mariñas clarified that it was respondent Navarro who provided the information that they are husband and wife for the purpose of shielding their child from the stigma and shame of being illegitimate.

    Respondent Mariñas spoke of her almost eight years of dedicated and devoted service to the Supreme Court wherein, according to her, she has an unblemished record. Just like her co-respondent, respondent Mariñas agreed to forego any formal investigation of the instant administrative case to avoid further sufferings of her family.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    Accordingly, the Court Administrator recommends the suspension of both respondents for a period of one year. 3

    Based on the memorandum report of the OCA, the case was docketed as a regular administrative matter. The parties were then asked to manifest if they are willing to submit the case for resolution on the basis of the pleadings already filed, 4 to which the complaint 5 and both respondents 6 responded in the affirmative.

    The facts of the case are not in issue as both respondents admit begetting a child out of wedlock; they, however, deny that are still living together. As complainant failed to adduce any proof to support her bare allegation that respondents are still living together purporting to be husband and wife, we see no reason to disbelieve respondents’ claim to the contrary. Hence, what remains to be resolved is the penalty to be imposed on the respondents for having had an illicit relationship in the past.

    Respondent Navarro entreats the Court to be lenient in the imposition of penalty in this administrative case considering that he is an ordinary employee upon whom the high standard of integrity and ethical conduct required of a judge should not be applied. Moreover, he avers that his infraction should not be measured against the standards of moral integrity expected of a lawyer. He insists that a minor distinction should be made on the yardstick of morality between an ordinary employee and that of a judge or a lawyer.

    We disagree.

    Under the Administrative Code of 1987, disgraceful and immoral conduct is a ground for disciplinary action. 7 The disciplinary authority may impose the penalty of removal from the service, demotion in rank, suspension for not more than one year without pay, fine in an amount not exceeding six month’s salary, or reprimand. 8

    In Ecube-Badel v. Badel, 9 this Court suspended a court employee for one (1) year for having illicit relations with another woman not his wife by whom he begot a child. Under Rule XIV, Sec. 23 (o) of the Civil Service Rules and applicable rulings, immorality is considered a grave offense and is punished by suspension for 6 months and 1 day to 1 year for the first offense and, for the second offense, by dismissal.

    In a recent case, Edgar Bucatcat and Gene Jaro, Court Interpreter and Clerk of Court respectively, were dismissed from service for maintaining an illicit relationship. 10

    In Lim-Arce v. Arce, 11 a staff assistant of the trial court was dismissed from service for disgraceful and immoral conduct for having illicit relations with a married man while employed in government. In that case, we stressed that:chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    Time and again we have stressed adherence to the principle that public office is a public’ trust. All government officials and employees must at all times be accountable to the people, serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty and efficiency, act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives. This constitutional mandate should always be in the minds of all public servants to guide them in their actions during their entire tenure in the government service. The good of the service and the degree of morality which every official and employee in the public service must observe, if respect and confidence are to be maintained by the Government in the enforcement of the law, demand that no untoward conduct on his part, affecting morality, integrity and efficiency while holding office should be left without proper and commensurate sanction, all attendant circumstances taken into account.

    The exacting standards of ethics and morality upon court judges and court employees are required to maintain the people’s faith in the courts as dispensers of justice, and whose image is mirrored by their actuations. In the language of Justice Cecilia Muñoz-Palma —

    " [T]he image of the court of justice is necessarily mirrored in the conduct, official or otherwise, of the men and women who work thereat, from the judge to the least and lowest of its personnel — hence, it becomes the imperative sacred duty of each and everyone in the court to maintain its good name and standing as a true temple of justice." 12

    Disgraceful and immoral conduct is a grave offense, punishable by suspension of six (6) months and one day to one (1) year for the first offense and for the second offense by dismissal. 13

    WHEREFORE, private respondents Ronaldo Navarro and Roberyn Joy C. Mariñas are SUSPENDED for a period of one (1) year without pay with a stern warning that subsequent violations of similar nature will be dealt with a more severe penalty.

    SO ORDERED.chanrob1es virtua1 law library

    Davide, Jr., C.J., Puno and Pardo, JJ., concur.

    Ynares-Santiago, J., is on leave.

    Endnotes:



    1. Rollo, p. 50.

    2. Id., at 52-57.

    3. Id., at 57.

    4. Rollo, p. 58.

    5. Id., at 63-65.

    6. Id, at 61-62.

    7. ADMINISTRATIVE CODE OF 1987, Book V, Title I, Subtitle A, Chapter 6, Section 46 (b) (5).

    8. Id., at Section 46 (c).

    9. 272 SCRA 320, 326 (1997).

    10. Marta v. Edgar Bucatcat and Gene Jaro, A.M. No. P-93-985, January 28, 2000.

    11. 205 SCRA 21 (1992).

    12. Sy v. Cruz, 250 SCRA 639, 646 (1995); citing Lim-Arce v. Arce, et al, 205 SCRA 21 (1992).

    13. UNIFORM RULES ON ADMINISTRATIVE CASES IN THE CIVIL SERVICE, Section 52 [A].

    A.M. No. O.C.A.-00-01   September 6, 2000 - JULIETA B. NAVARRO v. RONALDO O. NAVARRO, ET AL.


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