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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
September-2000 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 117690 September 1, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO DANO

  • G.R. No. 128567 September 1, 2000 - HUERTA ALBA RESORT INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1582 September 4, 2000 - COB C. DE LA CRUZ v. RODOLFO M. SERRANO

  • G.R. No. 134763 September 4, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILFREDO RIGLOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137785 September 4, 2000 - NAPOCOR v. VINE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139282 September 4, 2000 - ROMEO DIEGO v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 90828 September 5, 2000 - MELVIN COLINARES, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 124077 September 5, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ADORACION SEVILLA ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129239 September 5, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PAUL LAPIZ

  • G.R. Nos. 131848-50 September 5, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO VILLARAZA

  • G.R. No. 139853 September 5, 2000 - FERDINAND THOMAS M. SOLLER v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1307 September 6, 2000 - MANUEL BUNYI, ET AL. v. FELIX A. CARAOS

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1309 September 6, 2000 - FREDESMINDA DAYAWON v. MAXIMINO A. BADILLA

  • A.M. No. O.C.A.-00-01 September 6, 2000 - JULIETA B. NAVARRO v. RONALDO O. NAVARRO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129220 September 6, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BERNIE JAMON FAUSTINO

  • G.R. No. 131506 September 6, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODEL DIZON

  • G.R. No. 133625 September 6, 2000 - REMEDIOS F. EDRIAL ET AL. v. PEDRO QUILAT-QUILAT, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1314 September 7, 2000 - CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS v. RODOLFO D. OBNAMIA JR.

  • G.R. No. 121802 September 7, 2000 - GIL MACALINO, JR. v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126036 September 7, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PASCUAL BALINAD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128158 September 7, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARMANDO JUAREZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137431 September 7, 2000 - EDGARDO SANTOS v. LAND BANK OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 143385 September 7, 2000 - LEARNING CHILD, ET AL. v. ANNIE LAZARO, ET AL.

  • A.M. Nos. P-93-990 & A.M. No. P-94-1042 September 8, 2000 - TERESITO D. FRANCISCO v. FERNANDO CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 125167 September 8, 2000 - PRODUCERS BANK OF THE PHIL, ET AL. v. BANK OF THE PHIL. ISLANDS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137714 September 8, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS.. v. ROBERTO BANIGUID

  • A. M. No. P-99-1309 September 11, 2000 - FRANCISCO B. IBAY v. VIRGINIA G. LIM

  • G.R. No. 137857 September 11, 2000 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANCHO MAGDATO

  • G.R. No. 115054-66 September 12, 2000 - PEOPLE-OF THE PHILIPPINES v. VICENTE MENIL

  • G.R. No. 138201 September 12, 2000 - FRANCISCO BAYOCA, ET AL. v. GAUDIOSO NOGALES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123111 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY DAGAMI

  • G.R. No. 127444 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TIRSO D. C. VELASCO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126402 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LITO ROSALES

  • G.R. No. 126781 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CALIXTO ZINAMPAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133918 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TIBOY ALBACIN

  • G.R. No. 133981 September 13, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HILARION BERGONIO, JR.

  • A.M. No. 00-1281-MTJ. September 14, 2000 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. SALVADOR B. MENDOZA

  • G.R. Nos. 104637-38 & 109797 September 14, 2000 - SAN MIGUEL CORPORATION, ET AL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126368 September 14, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOHNNY CALABROSO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129208 September 14, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDGARDO ALORO

  • G.R. No. 131680 September 14, 2000 - SUBIC BAY METROPOLITAN AUTHORITY, ET AL. v. UNIVERSAL INTERNATIONAL GROUP OF TAIWAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140269-70 September 14, 2000 - PHIL. CARPET EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION ET AL. v. PHIL. CARPET MANUFACTURING CORP.

  • G.R. Nos. 143351 & 144129 September 14, 2000 - MA. AMELITA C. VILLAROSA v. HRET, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109269 September 15, 2000 - BAYER PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134266 September 15, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELENCIO BALI-BALITA

  • G.R. Nos. 135288-93 September 15, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESUS GIANAN

  • G.R. No. 130038 September 18, 2000 - ROSA LIM v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 132603 September 18, 2000 - ELPIDIO M. SALVA, ET AL. v. ROBERTO L. MAKALINTAL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134651 September 18, 2000 - VIRGILIO JIMENEZ, ET AL. v. PATRICIA, INC.

  • G.R. No. 134730 September 18, 2000 - FELIPE GARCIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 133373-77 September 18, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FAUSTINO CAMPOS

  • G.R. NO. 140268 September 18, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE LLANES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141471 September 18, 2000 - COLEGIO DE SAN JUAN DE LETRAN v. ASSOC. OF EMPLOYEES AND FACULTY OF LETRAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141787 September 18, 2000 - MANUEL H. AFIADO, ET AL. v. COMELEC

  • G.R. No. 142038 September 18, 2000 - ROLANDO E. COLUMBRES v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 136149-51 September 19, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WALPAN LADJAALAM

  • G.R. No. 137659 September 19, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMADEO TRELLES

  • G.R. No. 114348 September 20, 2000 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131927 September 20, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DAVID BANAWOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135516 September 20, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. NEIL DUMAGUING

  • G.R. No. 132547 September 20, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO ULEP

  • G.R. No. 117417 September 21, 2000 - MILAGROS A. CORTES v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120747 September 21, 2000 - VICENTE GOMEZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128990 September 21, 2000 - INVESTORS FINANCE CORP. v. AUTOWORLD SALES CORP.

  • G.R. No. 136396 September 21, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO ZASPA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136453 September 21, 2000 - PETRITA Y. BONILLA v. COURT OF APPEALS, , ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137571 September 21, 2000 - TUNG CHIN HUI v. RUFUS B. RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-00-1424 & MTJ-00-1316 September 25, 2000 - REYNALDO B. BELLOSILLO v. DANTE DE LA CRUZ RIVERA

  • G.R. No. 129055 September 25, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDGAR BACALSO

  • G.R. No. 129296 September 25, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHlL. v. ABE VALDEZ

  • G.R. No. 132078 September 25, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARTEMIO BERZUELA

  • G.R. No. 133465 September 25, 2000 - AMELITA DOLFO v. REGISTER OF DEEDS FOR THE PROVINCE OF CAVITE, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-93-986 September 26, 2000 - EDUARDO C. DE VERA v. WILLIAM LAYAGUE

  • G.R. No. 122110 September 26, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERIGEL OLIVA

  • G.R. No. 135630 September 26, 2000 - INTRAMUROS TENNIS CLUB v. PHIL. TOURISM AUTHORITY (PTA)

  • G.R. Nos. 136012-16 September 26, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ULDARICO HONRA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 138887 September 26, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JURRIE DUBRIA

  • G.R. No. 142392 September 26, 2000 - DOMINGA A. SALMONE v. EMPLOYEES’ COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1319 September 27, 2000 - ROLANDO A. SULLA v. RODOLFO C. RAMOS

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1447 September 27, 2000 - LEONARDO DARACAN, ET AL. v. ELI G.C. NATIVIDAD

  • G.R. No. 109760 September 27, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. PABLO F. EMOY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122498 September 27, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. ELMEDIO CAJARA

  • G.R. No. 133946 September 27, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. OSCAR NOGAR

  • G.R. Nos. 97138-39 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EFREN TEMANEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132311 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MINA LIBRERO

  • G.R. No. 132725 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARMANDO QUILATAN

  • G.R. No. 136843 September 28, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO ABUNGAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138054 September 28, 2000 - ROSENDO C. CARTICIANO, ET AL. v. MARIO NUVAL

  • G.R. No. 138503 September 28, 2000 - ROBERTO FERNANDEZ v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 00-3-01-CTA September 29, 2000 - RE: JUDGE ERNESTO D. ACOSTA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1589 September 29, 2000 - JEANET N. MANIO v. JOSE ENER S. FERNANDO

  • G.R. No. 106401 September 29, 2000 - FLORENTINO ZARAGOZA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123299 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SANTIAGO CARUGAL, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 124671-75 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LINDA SAGAYDO

  • G.R. No. 126048 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. RODEL SAMONTE

  • G.R. No. 126254 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RONALDO PONCE

  • G.R. No. 129507 September 29, 2000 - CHAN SUI BI, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130785 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. RONALD VITAL

  • G.R. No. 131492 September 29, 2000 - ROGER POSADAS, ET AL. v. OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131813 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABENDAN

  • G.R. No. 133443 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DOMINADOR DE LA ROSA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134100 September 29, 2000 - PURITA ALIPIO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135382 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LOURDES GAMBOA

  • G.R. No. 135457 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE PATRIARCA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135548 September 29, 2000 - FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST COMPANY v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135981 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIVIC GENOSA

  • G.R. Nos. 137379-81 September 29, 2000 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILS. v. ARTURO GARCIA

  • G.R. No. 139910 September 29, 2000 - PHILIPPINE COCONUT AUTHORITY v. CORONA INTERNATIONAL

  • G.R. No. 141060 September 29, 2000 - PILIPINAS BANK v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141959 September 29, 2000 - JUANITA NARZOLES, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  •  





     
     

    A.M. No. MTJ-00-1314   September 7, 2000 - CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS v. RODOLFO D. OBNAMIA JR.

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [A.M. No. MTJ-00-1314. September 7, 2000.]

    ATTY. CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS, Complainant, v. JUDGE RODOLFO D. OBNAMIA, JR., Respondent.

    D E C I S I O N


    MENDOZA, J.:


    This is a complaint against respondent Judge Rodolfo D. Obnamia, Jr., Acting Presiding Judge of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Lucban-Sampaloc, Quezon Province, for gross ignorance of the law, partiality, incompetence, and knowingly rendering an unjust judgment.

    Complainant, Atty. Clodualdo C. De Jesus, is the counsel of spouses Hilario and Felicitas Baldovino, the defendants in an ejectment case filed by Daniel Pineda and spouses Ziegfredo and Estrella P. Cabungcal in the MCTC of Lucban-Sampaloc, Quezon Province, then presided over by Judge Domingo M. Nantes.cralaw : red

    It appears that on April 14, 1969, plaintiff Daniel Pineda and his wife Asuncion Veloro had leased to the defendants two parcels of land on which the latter constructed a movie house that extended to the adjacent property owned by them (the defendants). The lease was for 25 years with option to renew for another 25 years, provided that the defendants notify the lessors of their intention to renew the lease sixty (60) days prior to its expiration. Claiming that the failure of the defendants to notify them of their intention to renew the lease caused its expiration, the plaintiffs filed an ejectment suit against them.

    On December 5, 1994, Judge Nantes rendered a decision, the dispositive portion of which reads:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    IN VIEW OF ALL THE FOREGOING FACTS, the spouses Hilario Baldovino and Felicitas Flacia are hereby ordered to vacate the 246 square meters of land, being occupied by a portion of the cinema house which is owned and operated by the aforementioned spouses, which is presently owned by the plaintiffs, within three (3) months from the date of this decision.

    Considering that the land in question is a commercial lot and is located at the center of the poblacion of the Municipality of Lucban, Province of Quezon, adjacent to the block occupied by the municipal building, and considering further the prevailing price of real estate in the said locality and the concomitant rentals of lots and houses therein, the [defendant] spouses Hilario Baldovino and Felicitas Flacia are hereby ordered to pay the plaintiffs the amount of Four Thousand (P4,000.00) Pesos, as reasonable rental per month for the 246 square meters being occupied by the [defendants] beginning on the 146 of April 1994 up to the time that the said lot had been vacated and physically placed under the possession and control of the herein plaintiffs.

    It had also been established that the [defendant] spouses had introduced improvements and/or repair on the cinema house without the knowledge or consent of the plaintiffs while this case is pending before this court; the [defendant] spouses are considered builders in bad faith as far as such improvements and/or repairs are concerned.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The [defendant] spouses are likewise ordered to pay the herein plaintiffs the amount of Ten Thousand (P10,000.00) Pesos as attorney’s fees and other litigation expenses.

    On plaintiffs’ motion, Judge Nantes ordered the execution of his decision on the ground that it had become final and executory. Accordingly, a writ was issued on March 3, 1995, and the defendants were given notice to vacate the subject premises within ten days.

    Defendants filed a petition for certiorari in the RTC, Branch 60, Lucena City questioning the order of execution, but their petition was dismissed. They then filed a petition for certiorari in the Court of Appeals.

    On motion of the plaintiffs, Judge Nantes issued on June 15, 1995 an alias writ of execution, as a result of which, film equipment and supplies belonging to the defendants were levied upon by the sheriff and sold at public auction. The sheriff also closed down the defendants’ movie house.

    On February 29, 1996, the Court of Appeals rendered its decision, affirming the decision of Judge Nantes, with the modifications that the order to vacate had been limited to the 220 square meters of land belonging to the plaintiffs and the defendants’ movie house had been allowed to reopen. The appellate court explained that the theater had a floor area of 500 square meters in a 600 square meter lot and only 220 square meters belonged to [the plaintiffs]." A motion for reconsideration was denied on February 10, 1997.

    In the meantime, on November 29, 1995, the plaintiffs asked the MCTC for a writ of demolition. They alleged that despite repeated demands, a portion of defendants’ movie house still stood on the subject premises, and that as a result of damage sustained in a recent typhoon, the structure was in danger of collapsing and causing injuries to the public.

    On December 22, 1995, Judge Nantes denied the motion on the ground that demolition was not provided for in his decision of December 5, 1994. On January 15, 1996, the plaintiffs filed a motion for reconsideration which the defendants opposed. Then, on April 1, 1997, the defendants filed a supplemental opposition, citing the resolution dated February 10, 1997 of the Court of Appeals denying the plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration which prayed that the Court of Appeals include in its decision a directive to demolish the defendants’ movie house.

    Pending their motion for reconsideration of the denial of their motion for a writ of demolition, the plaintiffs filed in the MCTC a motion for an alias writ of execution to evict the defendants. Plaintiffs asked the court to hear their motion on August 6, 1997

    This was the situation faced by respondent Judge Rodolfo D. Obnamia, Jr. who took over the MCTC on July 14, 1997, after Judge Nantes retired from the service. Judge Obnamia, Jr. heard the plaintiffs’ motion for execution on August 6, 1997, the day set for the hearing. It appears, however, that complainant, as counsel for the defendants, received a copy of the motion only on said date. Consequently, the defendants were not represented at the hearing. On the following day, August 7, 1997, respondent judge issued an order considering the plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution submitted for resolution. At the same time, he set the hearing on the plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of the order denying their motion for a writ of demolition on September 25, 1997.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    On August 14, 1997, respondent judge granted the plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution. The defendants moved for reconsideration of said order.

    On September 25, 1997, respondent judge granted the plaintiffs’ motion for a period of fifteen (15) days from today within which to file [their] supplemental pleadings respecting the motion for reconsideration for issuance of an alias writ of execution and supplemental pleadings on the motion for reconsideration of [Judge Nantes’] denial of the motion for issuance of a writ of demolition."cralaw virtua1aw library

    On October 23, 1997, respondent judge granted the plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of the denial of their motion for a writ of demolition and directed the sheriff "to demolish the structure standing on the two hundred forty-six (246) square meter lot owned by the plaintiffs within one (1) month from receipt of this resolution, otherwise, a writ of demolition shall issue. . ." In the same resolution, he also denied the defendants’ motion for reconsideration of his order granting the plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution.

    Defendants then filed a notice of appeal from respondent judge’s resolution of October 23, 1997. However, the notice was denied by respondent judge in his order of November 13, 1997. Later, in his order of November 28, 1997, he denied defendants’ motion for reconsideration on the ground that the October 23, 1997 resolution granting a writ of demolition was not appealable.

    As a result of respondent judge’s refusal to give due course to the defendants’ notice of appeal, complainant filed a petition for certiorari and mandamus, docketed as SCA 97-180 in the RTC, Branch 60, Lucena City. In addition, he filed the present administrative case, alleging that respondent judge’s resolution of October 23, 1997 (granting a writ of demolition) amended the December 22, 1995 order of Judge Nantes which denied plaintiffs’ motion for a writ of demolition and contravened the final decision of the Court of Appeals limiting the ejectment to 220 square meters of the land in question. He argues that respondent judge acted with gross ignorance of the law and incompetence and knowingly rendered an unjust judgment. Complainant also charges respondent judge with partiality for the plaintiffs, citing as instances (1) respondent judge’s order of September 25, 1997 granting the plaintiffs 15 days to supplement their motion for reconsideration of the denial of their motion for a writ of demolition which had been filed by plaintiffs nearly two years earlier; (2) his order dated November 13, 1997 denying due course to defendants’ notice of appeal; and (3) his hearing of plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution on August 6, 1997 in disregard of the three-day notice rule. Complainant prays that respondent judge be meted the corresponding penalty.

    In his comment, dated May 12, 1998, respondent judge alleges that he heard the plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution on August 6, 1997 without observing the three-day notice rule because the motion was merely an offshoot of the decision dated December 5, 1994, which had already become final and executory.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    He claims that it was during the August 6, 1997 hearing on the plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution that the plaintiffs’ counsel brought to his attention (as the new judge in the case) their long pending motion for reconsideration of the denial of their motion for a writ of demolition. Consequently, he set the same for hearing on September 25, 1997.

    Respondent judge says he was unaware of the decision dated February 29, 1996 and the resolution dated February 10, 1997 of the Court of Appeals since these were not attached to the records of MCTC when he prepared the questioned resolution dated October 23, 1997, which granted the plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of the order of his predecessor, Judge Nantes, denying both their motion for a writ of demolition and the defendants’ motion for reconsideration of the issuance of an alias writ of execution.

    He explains that he denied complainant’s notice of appeal because the resolution of October 23, 1997 was not the proper subject of an appeal.

    Respondent judge points out that the present administrative case is the first in his long and dedicated service in the Government and was merely the work "of a disgruntled/defeated lawyer who would not accept the fact that the decision/resolution rendered in Civil Case No. 203 was against his client and that the same should be enforced to give substance and meaning to the relief granted by the Court."cralaw virtua1aw library

    In his reply dated June 29, 1998, complainant asserts that respondent judge could not have been unaware of the resolution dated February 10, 1997 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 37588, which affirmed its decision ordering the ejectment of the defendants from 220 square meters of the land. Complainant contends that the defendants cited the aforesaid resolution of the Court of Appeals in their supplemental opposition to the plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of the denial of their motion for a writ of demolition. Hence, respondent judge could not have been ignorant of said resolution.

    In its memorandum dated June 8, 2000, the Office of the Court Administrator recommends that the instant case be re-docketed as a regular administrative matter and that respondent judge "be fined 623,000.00 for his failure to observe the three-day notice requirement before motions may be heard; (2) that he be warned that a repetition of the same would be dealt with more drastically in the future; and (3) that this case be dismissed with regard to the other charges."cralaw virtua1aw library

    We shall discuss the various allegations of complainant.

    1. Re: Respondent Judge’s Order Dated September 25, 1997 Granting Plaintiffs an Additional Fifteen (15) Days to Supplement their Motion for Reconsideration of Judge Nantes’ Denial of their Motion for Issuance of a Writ of Demolitionchanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    This order is cited as proof of respondent judge’s alleged bias for the plaintiffs, considering that the latter’s motion for reconsideration to be supplemented bad been filed way back on January 15, 1996.

    The allegation has no merit. As previously stated, respondent judge took over as acting presiding judge of the MCTC, Lucban-Sampaloc, Quezon Province only on July 14, 1997, nearly two years after the plaintiffs had filed their motion for reconsideration of the denial by Judge Nantes of their motion for a writ of demolition. is apparent that to better acquaint himself with the incidents pending before him, respondent judge, in his order of September 5, 1997, directed both parties — not just the plaintiffs — to file their intended/additional/supplemental pleading relative [to defendants’ motion for reconsideration to the issuance of an alias writ of execution and to plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of the denial of their motion for a writ of demolition]."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The defendants did not find it necessary to file supplemental pleadings. Instead, through complainant, they filed a manifestation submitting the incidents for resolution without further oral arguments. Thus, complainant cannot claim that respondent judge was partial to the plaintiffs. In contrast, counsel for plaintiffs asked for and was granted an extension in the assailed order of September 25, 1997 to file supplemental pleadings. Complainant neither opposed the plaintiffs’ motion for extension nor asked for reconsideration of respondent judge’s granting the extension despite being aware of the same.

    2. Re: Respondent Judge’s Hearing of the Plaintiffs’ Motion for an Alias Writ of Execution on August 6, 1997 Without Three Days Prior Notice to Defendants.

    There is no dispute that respondent judge heard the plaintiffs’ motion for an alias writ of execution on August 6, 1997, i.e., on the same day that the defendants received a copy of the motion.

    The defendants’ counsel, herein complainant, claims that the failure of respondent judge to give him at least three days prior notice constitutes a violation of Rule 15, 54 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure, which provides:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Hearing of motion. — Except for motions which the court may act Upon without prejudicing the rights of the adverse party, every written motion shall be set for hearing by the applicant.

    Every written motion required to be heard and the notice of the hearing thereof shall be served in such a manner as to ensure its receipt by the other party at least three (3) days before the date of hearing, unless the court for good cause sets the hearing on shorter notice.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    This contention has merit.

    The MCTC decision, dated December 5, 1994, had already become final and executory. Indeed, the Court of Appeals made this finding in its decision, dated February 29, 1996, when it held that the MCTC "committed no grave abuse of discretion in issuing a writ of execution in its order of February 20, 1995 because of [defendants’] failure to prove that they filed a notice of appeal."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Generally, no notice or even prior hearing of such motion for execution is required before a writ of execution is issued when a decision has become final. 1 However, there are circumstances in the present case which make a hearing and the requisite three-day notice of the same to the adverse party necessary. 2

    As already noted, the Court of Appeals has modified the decision of the MCTC by limiting the directive to vacate to 220 square meters. Despite this, respondent judge ordered execution of the original decision of Judge Nantes by directing the ejectment of the defendants from 246 square meters of the subject land. He claimed that he did so because the decision and the resolution of the Court of Appeals were not in the records of the ejectment case. However, the appellate court’s decision and its resolution denying reconsideration of the same were brought to his attention by complainant in the supplemental opposition he filed to the plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of Judge Nantes’ order denying the plaintiffs’ motion for a writ of demolition. The execution of the decision therefore is a contentious matter. It was thus necessary for respondent judge to ensure compliance with the three-day notice rule for the hearing wherein he could then confirm the existence of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals. Respondent judge’s failure to do so constitutes censurable conduct. 3

    3. Re: Respondent Judge’s Order of November 13, 1997 (Denying Due Course to Defendants’ Notice of Appeal from the Order of October 23, 1997)chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    It appears that respondent judge’s refusal to give due course to defendants’ notice of appeal is pending review in a petition for certiorari, docketed as SCA 97-180 in the RTC, Branch 60, Lucena City. Thus, it would be premature for the Court to rule now on the propriety of respondent judge’s order denying due course to defendants’ notice of appeal.

    WHEREFORE, respondent Judge Rodolfo D. Obnamia, Jr., Acting Presiding Judge of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Lucban-Sampaloc, Quezon, is hereby ordered to pay a FINE in the amount of THREE THOUSAND PESOS (P3,000.00) with a WARNING that a repetition of the same or similar acts will be dealt with more severely.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    SO ORDERED.

    Bellosillo, Quisumbing, Buena and De Leon, Jr., JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. E.g., Pamintuan v. Muñoz, 22 SCRA 1109 (1968).

    2. See Luzon Surety Co., Inc. v. Beson, 31 SCRA 313 (1970).

    3. Ardosa v. Gal-lang, 284 SCRA 58 (1998); Depamaylo v. Brotarlo, 265 SCRA 151 (1996).

    A.M. No. MTJ-00-1314   September 7, 2000 - CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS v. RODOLFO D. OBNAMIA JR.


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