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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
October-2001 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 137841 October 1, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO CHUA

  • G.R. No. 117512 October 2, 2001 - REBECCA ALA-MARTIN v. HON. JUSTO M. SULTAN

  • G.R. No. 120098 October 2, 2001 - RUBY L. TSAI v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS EVER TEXTILE MILLS

  • G.R. No. 124037 October 2, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. REYNALDO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. No. 126592 October 2, 2001 - ROMEO G. DAVID v. JUDGE TIRSO D.C. VELASCO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129900 October 2, 2001 - JANE CARAS y SOLITARIO v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS and PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 133000 October 2, 2001 - PATRICIA NATCHER petitioner v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS AND THE HEIRS OF GRACIANO DEL ROSARIO-LETICIA DEL ROSARIO

  • G.R. No. 133895 October 2, 2001 - ZENAIDA M. SANTOS v. CALIXTO SANTOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 135522-23 October 2, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMORSOLO G. TORRES

  • G.R. No. 137777 October 2, 2001 - THE PRESIDENTIAL AD-HOC FACT FINDING COMMITTEE, ET AL. v. THE HON. OMBUDSMAN ANIANO DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138322 October 2, 2001 - GRACE J. GARCIA v. REDERICK A. RECIO

  • G.R. No. 138929 October 2, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FLORENTINO DEL MUNDO

  • G.R. No. 139050 October 2, 2001 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES v. THE COURT OF TAX APPEALS and AGFHA

  • G.R. No. 142877 October 2, 2001 - JINKIE CHRISTIE A. DE JESUS and JACQUELINE A. DE JESUS v. THE ESTATE OF DECEDENT JUAN GAMBOA DIZON

  • G.R. No. 125081 October 3, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. REMEDIOS PASCUA

  • G.R. No. 128195 October 3, 2001 - ELIZABETH LEE and PACITA YULEE v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. Nos. 128514 & 143856-61 October 3, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. NILO LEONES

  • G.R. Nos. 142602-05 October 3, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. BONIFACIO ARIOLA

  • A.M. No. 01-6-192-MCTC October 5, 2001 - Request To Designate Another Judge To Try And Decide Criminal Case No. 3713

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1610 October 5, 2001 - ATTY. EDGAR H. TALINGDAN v. JUDGE HENEDINO P. EDUARTE

  • G.R. No. 124498 October 5, 2001 - EDDIE B. SABANDAL v. HON. FELIPE S. TONGCO Presiding Judge

  • G.R. No. 127441 October 5, 2001 - DOROTEO TOBES @ DOTING v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 130499 October 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PAMFILO QUIMSON @ "NOEL QUIMSON

  • G.R. No. 130962 October 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOSE REAPOR y SAN JUAN

  • G.R. No. 131040 October 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MICHAEL FRAMIO SABAGALA

  • G.R. No. 132044 October 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ANTONIO @ Tony EVANGELISTA Y BINAY

  • G.R. No. 132718 October 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOSE CASTILLON III and JOHN DOE

  • G.R. Nos. 135452-53 October 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IRENEO M. ALCOREZA

  • G.R. No. 139760 October 5, 2001 - FELIZARDO S. OBANDO v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 144189 October 5, 2001 - R & M GENERAL MERCHANDISE v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 121948 October 8, 2001 - PERPETUAL HELP CREDIT COOPERATIVE v. BENEDICTO FABURADA

  • G.R. No. 123075 October 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO L. NUELAN

  • G.R. No. 129926 October 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NOLE M. ZATE

  • G.R. No. 137599 October 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. GILBERT BAULITE and LIBERATO BAULITE

  • G.R. No. 138941 October 8, 2001 - AMERICAN HOME ASSURANCE COMPANY v. TANTUCO ENTERPRISES

  • G.R. No. 141297 October 8, 2001 - DOMINGO R. MANALO v. COURT OF APPEALS (Special Twelfth Division) and PAIC SAVINGS AND MORTGAGE BANK

  • A.M. No. 01-9-246-MCTC October 9, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. JUDGE ALIPIO M. ARAGON

  • G.R. No. 138886 October 9, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SP01 WILFREDO LEAÑO SP01 FERDINAND MARZAN SPO1 RUBEN B. AGUSTIN SP02 RODEL T. MADERAL * SP02 ALEXANDER S. MICU and SP04 EMILIO M. RAMIREZ

  • G.R. No. 141182 October 9, 2001 - HEIRS OF PEDRO CUETO Represented by ASUNCION CUETO v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS (SPECIAL FORMER FIRST DIVISION) and CONSOLACION COMPUESTO

  • A.M. No. 99-12-03-SC October 10, 2001 - RE: INITIAL REPORTS ON THE GRENADE INCIDENT THAT OCCURRED AT ABOUT 6:40 A.M. ON DECEMBER 6, 1999

  • G.R. No. 129313 October 10, 2001 - SPOUSES MA. CRISTINA D. TIRONA and OSCAR TIRONA v. HON. FLORO P. ALEJO as Presiding Judge

  • G.R. Nos. 135679 & 137375 October 10, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. GODOFREDO RUIZ

  • G.R. No. 136258 October 10, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CARLOS FELICIANO

  • A.M. No. 2001-9-SC October 11, 2001 - DOROTEO IGOY v. GILBERT SORIANO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1485 October 11, 2001 - TEOFILO C. SANTOS v. JUDGE FELICIANO V. BUENAVENTURA

  • G.R. No. 80796 & 132885 October 11, 2001 - PROVINCE OF CAMARINES NORTE v. PROVINCE OF QUEZON

  • G.R. No. 118387 October 11, 2001 - MARCELO LEE v. COURT OF APPEALS and HON. LORENZO B. VENERACION and HON. JAIME T. HAMOY

  • G.R. Nos. 123913-14 October 11,2001

    PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PABLO CALLOS

  • G.R. No. 130415 October 11, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALVIN YRAT y BUGAHOD and RAUL JIMENA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130562 October 11, 2001 - Brigida Conculada v. Hon. Court Of Appeals

  • G.R. No. 112526 October 12, 2001 - STA. ROSA REALTY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 122710 October 12, 2001 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK v. COURT OF APPEALS and REMINGTON INDUSTRIAL SALES CORPORATION

  • G.R. Nos. 134769-71 October 12, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROBERTO BATION

  • G.R. No. 137843 October 12, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDUARDO S. AÑONUEVO

  • G.R. No. 139904 October 12, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CONRADO MERCADO

  • G.R. No. 136470 October 16, 2001 - VENANCIO R. NAVA v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT

  • G.R. No. 140794 October 16, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RICARDO T. AGLIDAY

  • A.M. No. P-00-7-323-RTJ October 17, 2001 - RE: RELEASE BY JUDGE MANUEL T. MURO, RTC, BRANCH 54 MANILA, OF AN ACCUSED IN A NON-BAILABLE OFFENSE

  • A.M. No. P-00-1419 October 17, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. MAGDALENA G. MAGNO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-97-1390 & AM RTJ-98-1411 October 17, 2001 - ATTY. CESAR B. MERIS v. JUDGE CARLOS C. OFILADA

  • G.R. No. 123137 October 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PO2 ALBERT ABRIOL

  • G.R. No. 124513 October 17, 2001 - ROBERTO ERQUIAGA v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 127540 October 17, 2001 - EUGENIO DOMINGO v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 127830 October 17, 2001 - MANOLET LAVIDES v. ERNESTO B. PRE

  • G.R. No. 129069 October 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JULIO R. RECTO

  • G.R. No. 129236 October 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RAYMUNDO G. DIZON

  • G.R. No. 129389 October 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. TEODORICO UBALDO

  • G.R. Nos. 132673-75 October 17, 200

    PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DOMINADOR C. GOMEZ

  • G.R. No. 136291 October 17, 2001 - LETICIA M. MAGSINO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 136869 October 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. DENNIS MAZO

  • G.R. No. 141673 October 17, 2001 - MANUEL L. QUEZON UNIVERSITY/AUGUSTO B. SUNICO v. NLRC (Third Division), ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142726 October 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. APOLONIO ACOSTA

  • G.R. No. 143190 October 17, 2001 - ANTONIO P. BELICENA v. SECRETARY OF FINANCE

  • G.R. No. 143990 October 17, 2001 - MARIA L. ANIDO v. FILOMENO NEGADO and THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. Nos. 121039-45 October 18, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MAYOR ANTONIO L. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. No. 132869 October 18, 2001 - GREGORIO DE VERA v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 143486 October 18, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MARIO DUMAGAY TUADA

  • G.R. No. 144735 October 18, 2001 - YU BUN GUAN v. ELVIRA ONG

  • G.R. No. 116285 October 19, 2001 - ANTONIO TAN v. COURT OF APPEALS and the .C.C.P

  • G.R. Nos. 121201-02 October 19, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES plaintiff-appellee v. GIO CONCORCIO @ JUN

  • G.R. No. 129995 October 19, 2001 - THE PROVINCE OF BATAAN v. HON. PEDRO VILLAFUERTE

  • G.R. No. 130730 October 19, 2001 - HERNANDO GENER v. GREGORIO DE LEON and ZENAIDA FAUSTINO

  • G.R. No. 133002 October 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. INTOY GALLO @ PALALAM

  • G.R. No. 137904 October 19, 2001 - PURIFICACION M. VDA. DE URBANO v. GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (GSIS)

  • A.M. No. 99-12-497-RTC October 23, 2001 - REQUEST OF JUDGE FRANCISCO L. CALINGIN

  • G.R. No. 121267 October 23, 2001 - SMITH KLINE & FRENCH LABORATORIES v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 124036 October 23, 2001 - FIDELINO GARCIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 124295 October 23, 2001 - JUDGE RENATO A. FUENTES v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN-MINDANAO

  • G.R. No. 125193 October 23, 2001 - MANUEL BARTOCILLO v. COURT OF APPEALS and the PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 130846 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROGELIO PAMILAR y REVOLIO

  • G.R. No. 131841 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RUBEN VILLARMOSA

  • G.R. No. 132373 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. TIRSO ARCAY @ "TISOY" and TEODORO CLEMEN @ "BOY

  • G.R. No. 134740 October 23, 2001 - IRENE V. CRUZ v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT

  • G.R. No. 135481 October 23, 2001 - LIGAYA S. SANTOS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136105 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ANTONIO PAREDES y SAUQUILLO

  • G.R. No. 136337 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. NELSON CABUNTOG

  • G.R. No. 139114 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROMAN LACAP Y CAILLES

  • G.R. No. 139274 October 23, 2001 - QUEZON PROVINCE v. HON. ABELIO M. MARTE

  • G.R. No. 139329 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ERLINDO MAKILANG

  • G.R. Nos. 140934-35 October 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. CONDE RAPISORA y ESTRADA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1634 October 25, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. SILVERIO Q. CASTILLO

  • G.R. No. 102367 October 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ABUNDIO ALBARIDO and BENEDICTO IGDOY

  • G.R. No. 126359 October 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. CARLITO OLIVA

  • G.R. No. 127465 October 25, 2001 - SPOUSES NICETAS DELOS SANTOS v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 133102 October 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. DINDO AMOGIS y CRINCIA

  • G.R. Nos. 134449-50 October 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PEDRO HERNANDEZ y PALMA

  • G.R. No. 135813 October 25, 2001 - FERNANDO SANTOS v. Spouses ARSENIO and NIEVES REYES

  • G.R. No. 135822 October 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PIO DACARA y NACIONAL

  • G.R. Nos. 137494-95 October 25, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SOTERO REYES alias "TURING"

  • G.R. Nos. 142741-43 October 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROMEO MANAYAN

  • A.M. No. P-01-1474 October 26, 2001 - ANTONIO C. REYES v. JOSEFINA F. DELIM

  • G.R. No. 120548 October 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOSELITO ESCARDA

  • G.R. Nos. 121492 & 124325 October 26, 2001 - BAN HUA UY FLORES v. JOHNNY K.H. UY

  • G.R. No. 132169 October 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SANICO NUEVO @ "SANY

  • G.R. No. 133741-42 October 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. LINO VILLARUEL

  • G.R. No. 134802 October 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RENATO Z. DIZON

  • G.R. No. 135920 October 26, 2001 - ENCARNACION ET AL. v. SEVERINA REALTY CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 140719 October 26, 2001 - NICOLAS UY DE BARON v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 140912 October 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RODRIGO DIAZ Y SEVILLETA

  • G.R. No. 141540 October 26, 2001 - EDUARDO TAN v. FLORITA MUECO and ROLANDO MUECO

  • G.R. No. 143231 October 26, 2001 - ALBERTO LIM v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 144237 October 26, 2001 - WINSTON C. RACOMA v. MA. ANTONIA B. F. BOMA

  • G.R. Nos. 146319 & 146342 October 26, 2001 - BENJAMIN E. CAWALING v. THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

  • G.R. No. 146593 October 26, 2001 - UNITED COCONUT PLANTERS BANK v. ROBERTO V. ONGPIN

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 136291   October 17, 2001 - LETICIA M. MAGSINO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 136291. October 17, 2001.]

    LETICIA M. MAGSINO, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, CECILIA ELDUCAL, PEDRO ELDUCAL and LEOCADIA BINOYA, Respondents.

    D E C I S I O N


    PARDO, J.:


    The Case


    The case is an appeal via certiorari from the decision of the Court of Appeals 1 ordering the reversion of the entire area of the subject lands to the mass of public domain, and deleting the award of damages against Cecilia Elducal in favor of petitioner.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The Facts


    On March 14, 1972, the Director of Lands granted to Pedro Elducal Free Patent No. 516388 over a parcel of land consisting of 11.3586 hectares, situated in barrio Panabingan, municipality of San Antonio, Nueva Ecija, in virtue of which the Register of Deeds of Nueva Ecija issued Original Certificate of Title No. P-5971 in his name. 2

    On March 22, 1972, the Director of Lands issued Free Patent Nos. 516563 and 516564 to Leocadia Binoya and Cecilia Elducal, respectively, over parcels of land consisting of 13,3864 and 20,2539 hectares, located at barrio Panabingan, San Antonio, Nueva Ecija, in virtue of which the Register of Deeds of Nueva Ecija issued Original Certificate of Title Nos. P-5976 and P-5977 in their names, respectively. 3

    On May 5 and 9, 1972, petitioner Leticia Magno Magsino filed with the Bureau of Lands protests against the issuance of the said free patents praying for cancellation of the patents and certificates of title issued in favor of Cecilia Elducal, Pedro Elducal and Leocadia Binoya. 4

    By decision dated July 3, 1973, the Director of Lands 5 found that the patents of Cecilia Elducal, Pedro Elducal and Leocadia Binoya were issued through fraud, misrepresentation and false narration of facts.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    On October 18, 1978, the Solicitor General filed with the Court of First Instance of Nueva Ecija a complaint 6 for annulment of title and reversion of land to the State, reiterating therein the finding of facts of the Director of Lands 7 and praying among other things, to wit:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "(1) Declaring null and void ab initio Free Patent No. 516386 and Original Certificate of Title No. P-5971 of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija both in the name of Pedro Elducal;

    "(2) Declaring Free Patent No. 516563 and Original Certificate of Title No. 5976 of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija of Leocadia Binoya null and void;

    "(3) Declaring Free Patent No. 516564 and Original Certificate of Title No. P-5977 of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija in the name of Cecilia Elducal Vda. de Magno null and void ab initio;chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "(4) Declaring Transfer Certificate of Title No. NT-151073 and Transfer Certificate of Title No. NT-151074 both of the same registry of Cecilia Elducal Vda. de Magno, including whatever liens or encumbrances or annotations thereof, also null and void ab initio;

    "(5) Ordering the defendant Cecilia Elducal Vda. de Magno to surrender to the defendant Register of Deeds owner’s duplicates of Original Certificate of Title No. P-5977, Transfer Certificate of Title No. NT-151073 and Transfer Certificate of Title No. NT-151074 and the latter to cancel the same; and

    "(6) Ordering the reversion of the entire area covered by the aforesaid patents and titles to the mass of the public domain under the administration and disposition of the Director of Lands." 8

    During the pendency of the case, on November 3, 1981, Leticia M. Magsino, with leave of court, filed a complaint in intervention, claiming to be in prior possession of the parcels of land involved through her brother lawyer and overseer, Atty. Jose R. Magno. 9

    After due trial, on January 17, 1986, the trial court rendered a decision, the dispositive portion of which reads:chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "WHEREFORE, in view of the foregoing, the Court hereby renders judgment in favor of the plaintiff and against the defendants:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1) Declaring null and void free patent No. 516388, free patent No. 516563, free patent No. 516564 in the names of Pedro Elducal, Leocadia Binoya and Cecilia Elducal respectively, as well as OCT No. P-5971, OCT No. P-5976 and OCT No. P-5977 all of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija in the names of Pedro Elducal, Leocadia Binoya and Cecilia Elducal respectively;

    "2) Declaring TCT No. NT-151073 and TCT No. 151074 of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija to be null and void including whatever liens or encumbrances or annotations therein;

    "3) Ordering the Register of Deeds of Nueva Ecija to cancel all the certificates of title mentioned in the preceding two paragraphs;

    "4) Ordering the reversion of the entire area covered by said patents and certificates of title to the mass of the public domain;

    "5) Declaring intervenor Leticia M. Magsino to be the lawful possessor of the parcels of land involved in this case who shall be entitled to be restored in the possession of the premises;

    "6) Enjoining permanently the defendants from disturbing the possession of the intervenor Leticia M. Magsino;

    "7) Ordering defendant Cecilia Elducal to deliver to Leticia M. Magsino 1,500 cavans of palay for every year commencing the year 1969 until possession is restored to Leticia Magsino or its money equivalent as to the time she makes payment;chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "8) Ordering defendant Cecilia Elducal to pay the sum of P30,000.00 as exemplary damages to Leticia M. Magsino;

    "9) Ordering plaintiff, thru the Director of Lands, to act on the Sales Application No. V-18609 of the intervenor Leticia M. Magsino.

    "SO ORDERED." 10

    On March 11, 1986, respondents Cecilia Elducal, Pedro Elducal and Leocadia Binoya interposed an appeal from said decision to the Court of Appeals. 11

    On December 15, 1997, the Court of Appeals promulgated a decision modifying the decision of the trial court, as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "WHEREFORE, the appealed decision is hereby modified as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1. Declaring null and void Free Patent No. 516388, Free Patent No. 516563, Free Patent No. 516564 in the names of Pedro Elducal, Leocadia Binoya and Cecilia Elducal, respectively, as well as OCT No. P-5971, OCT No. 5976 and OCT No. P-5977 all of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija in the names of Pedro Elducal, Leocadia Binoya and Cecilia Elducal, respectively;

    "2. Declaring TCT No. NT-0151073 and TCT No. 151074 of the Registry of Deeds of Nueva Ecija to be null and void including whatever liens or incumbrances or annotations therein;

    "3. Ordering the Register of Deeds of Nueva Ecija to cancel all the certificates of title mentioned in the preceding two paragraphs;

    "4. Ordering the reversion of the entire area covered by said patents and certificates of title to the mass of the public domain;

    "5. Ordering plaintiffs, thru the Director of Lands, to act on all the claims affecting the subject property including those parties in B. L. Conflict No. 142(N) and 264(N).

    "SO ORDERED." 12

    Hence, this petition. 13

    The Issues


    (1) Whether the Court of Appeals gravely erred in holding that petitioner was not the lawful possessor of the property subject of her sales application; and (2) whether Cecilia Elducal was liable for damages arising from her refusal to deliver petitioner’s share in the fruits of the land. 14

    The Court’s Findings

    We deny the petition. The issues raised are factual. In an appeal via certiorari, we may not review the findings of fact the Court of Appeals. 15 When supported by substantial evidence, the findings of fact of the Court of Appeals are conclusive and binding on the parties and are not reviewable by the Court, 16 unless the case falls under any of the exceptions to the rule. 17

    Petitioner failed to show that the case falls within the exceptions. 18 The Supreme Court is not a trier of facts. 19 It is not our function to review, examine and evaluate or weigh the probative value of the evidence presented. 20 As heretofore observed, questions of fact cannot be raised in an appeal via certiorari before the Supreme Court and are not proper for its consideration. 21

    Nonetheless, petitioner Leticia M. Magsino was an applicant for sales patent whose application had not been acted upon by the Bureau of Lands from the time it was filed in 1953. Consequently, she could not claim to be holding the land under a bona fide claim of acquisition of ownership, much less be declared the lawful possessor of the property entitled to the produce thereof.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    Petitioner’s application for sales patent is an acknowledgment that she did not own the land; that the same is public land under the administration of the Bureau of Lands, to which the application was submitted. 22

    The Elducals were in possession of the parcels of land in good faith 23 from the issuance of the certificates of title, tilling the same. Hence, they are entitled to the fruits of their labor.

    The Fallo

    WHEREFORE, we DENY the petition and AFFIRM the decision 24 of the Court of Appeals in toto.

    No costs.

    SO ORDERED.

    Davide, Jr., C.J., Puno, and Ynares-Santiago, JJ., concur.

    Kapunan, J., on official leave.

    Endnotes:



    1. In CA-G.R. CV No. 20451, promulgated on December 15,1997, Rollo, pp. 46-56. Adefuin-de la Cruz, J., ponente, and Agcaoili and Barrios, JJ., concurring.

    2. Exh. "K", Documentary Exhibits for the Plaintiffs, CV-1272, pp. 17-19.

    3. Exh. "N" and "Q", ibid., pp. 26-28; 34-36.

    4. Exhs. "X" and "Y", ibid., pp. 51-54.

    5. In B.L. Conflict No. 292 (N) entitled "Leticia Magno v. Cecilia Elducal, Et. Al.

    6. Docketed as Civil Case No. 6899, entitled "Republic of the Philippines v. Pedro Elducal, Leocadia Binoya, Cecilia Elducal and the Register of Deeds of the Province of Nueva Ecija.

    7. Supra, Note 5.

    8. Complaint, Original Record, pp. 8-9.

    9. Original Record, pp. 115-128.

    10. Decision, Original Record, pp. 227-232.

    11. Notice of Appeal, Original Record, p. 237. Docketed as CA-G. R. CV No. 20451.

    12. Petition, Annex "B", Rollo, pp. 46-56.

    13. Filed on January 4, 1999. Petition, Rollo, pp. 8-38. On November 17, 1999, we gave due course to the petition (Rollo, pp. 106-107).

    14. Memorandum, Rollo, 110-120, at p. 116.

    15. Heirs of Simeon Borlado v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 114118, promulgated on August 28, 2001; Cristobal v. Court of Appeals, 353 Phil. 320 [1998]; Sarmiento v. Court of Appeals, 353 Phil. 834 [1998]; Concepcion v. Court of Appeals, 324 SCRA 85 [2000], citing Congregation of the Virgin Mary v. Court of Appeals, 353 Phil. 591 [1998] and Sarmiento v. Court of Appeals, supra; Arriola v. Mahilum, 337 SCRA 464, 469-470 [2000]; Bolanos v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 122950, November 20, 2000.

    16. Atillo v. Court of Appeals, 334 Phil. 546 [1997].

    17. Cebu Shipyard and Engineering Works, Inc. v. William Lines, Inc., 366 Phil. 439, 452 [1999].

    18. Rivera v. Court of Appeals, 348 Phil. 734, 743 [1998].

    19. Trade Unions of the Philippines v. Laguesma, 236 SCRA 586 [1994].

    20. Trade Unions of the Philippines v. Laguesma, supra, Note 19; Cheesman v. Intermediate Appellate Court, 193 SCRA 93 [1991]; Ramos v. Pepsi Cola Bottling Co., 125 Phil. 701 [1967]; Pilar Dev. Corp. v. Intermediate Appellate Court, 146 SCRA 215 [1986]; Aroyo v. Beaterio del Santissimo Rosario de Molo, 132 Phil. 9 [1968]; Bernardo v. Court of Appeals, 216 SCRA 224 [1992].

    21. Hi-Precision Steel Center, Inc. v. Lim Kim Steel Builders, Inc., 228 SCRA 397 [1993]; Navarro v. Commission on Elections, 228 SCRA 596 [1993].

    22. Palawan Agricultural and Industrial Co., Inc. v. Director of Lands, 44 SCRA 15, 20 [1972].

    23. TSN, February 12, 1981.

    24. In CA-G. R. CV No. 20451.

    G.R. No. 136291   October 17, 2001 - LETICIA M. MAGSINO v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


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