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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
September-2001 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 137538 September 3, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN v. HON. FRANCISCO B. IBAY

  • A.M. No. MTJ-00-1249 September 4, 2001 - PHIL. GERIATRICS FOUNDATION, ET AL. v. LYDIA QUERUBIN LAYOSA

  • A.M. No. P-00-1373 September 4, 2001 - ELIZABETH A. TIONGCO v. ROGELIO S. MOLINA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-01-1501 September 4, 2001 - JOSEPHINE D. SARMIENTO v. ALBERT S. SALAMAT

  • A.M. No. P-01-1502 September 4, 2001 - CRESENCIO N. BONGALOS v. JOSE R. MONUNGOLH and VICTORIA D. JAMITO

  • A.M. No. P-99-1357 September 4, 2001 - SHERWIN M. BALOLOY v. JOSE B. FLORES

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1651 September 4, 2001 - PROSECUTOR LEO C. TABAO v. JUDGE FRISCO T. LILAGAN

  • G.R. No. 125359 September 4, 2001 - ROBERTO S. BENEDICTO and HECTOR T. RIVERA v. THE COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 126859 September 4, 2001 - YOUSEF AL-GHOUL, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127181 September 4, 2001 - LAND BANK OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132709 September 4, 2001 - CAMILO L. SABIO, ET AL. v. INTERNATIONAL CORPORATE BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134490 September 4, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOEL BRAGAT

  • G.R. Nos. 135356-58 September 4, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELECIO SAGARINO

  • G.R. No. 138923 September 4, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANITA AYOLA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1344 September 5, 2001 - LYDIO ARCILLA, ET AL. v. LUCIO PALAYPAYON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128145 September 5, 2001 - J.C. LOPEZ & ASSOCIATES v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133886 September 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. OSCAR PARBA

  • G.R. No. 134101 September 5, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELINO O. LLANITA

  • G.R. No. 136054 September 5, 2001 - SEVERINA SAN MIGUEL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132714 September 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RENATO LALINGJAMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 139064-66 September 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO ARCE

  • G.R. No. 140529 September 6, 2001 - JOSE P. LOPEZ v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141400 September 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EVANGELINE GANENAS

  • Admin. Case. No. 4863 September 7, 2001 - URBAN BANK v. ATTY. MAGDALENO M. PEÑA

  • G.R. No. 114858-59 September 7, 2001 - COLUMBUS PHILIPPINES BUS CORPORATION v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 126352 September 7, 2001 - GSIS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127261 September 7, 2001 - VISAYAN SURETY & INSURANCE CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129644 September 7, 2001 - CHINA BANKING CORP. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131805 September 7, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO HERMOSA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132064 September 7, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI BAYENG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132320 September 7, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CONRADO OJERIO

  • G.R. Nos. 135402-03 September 7, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IAN GONZAGA

  • G.R. No. 136779 September 7, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARNEL ASUNCION

  • G.R. No. 142065 September 7, 2001 - LENIDO LUMANOG v. HON. JAIME N. SALAZAR

  • G.R. No. 142875 September 7, 2001 - EDGAR AGUSTILO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144877 September 7, 2001 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHIL. v. VERONICA AGUIRRE, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-01-1506 September 10, 2001 - GEORGE S. BICBIC v. DHALIA E. BORROMEO

  • G.R. Nos. 104769 & 135016 September 10, 2001 - AFP MUTUAL BENEFIT ASSO. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 118943 September 10, 2001 - MARIO HORNALES v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130362 September 10, 2001 - INT’L FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES (PHIL.) v. MERLIN J. ARGOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138485 September 10, 2001 - DR. v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. 141970 September 10, 2001 - METROPOLITAN BANK v. FLORO T. ALEJO

  • G.R. No. 145588 September 10, 2001 - ESPERIDION LOPEZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140398 September 11, 2001 - FRANCISCO DELA MERCED, ET AL. v. GSIS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 121877 September 12, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. ERLINDA GONZALES

  • G.R. Nos. 138431-36 September 12, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DIOSCORA M. ARABIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140903 September 12, 2001 - HENRY SY v. COMMISSION ON SETTLEMENT OF LAND PROBLEMS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 00-1-4-03-SC September 13, 2001 - RE: REQUEST FOR LIVE RADIO-TV COVERAGE OF THE TRIAL IN THE SANDIGANBAYAN OF THE PLUNDER CASES AGAINST FORMER PRESIDENT JOSEPH E. ESTRADA v. JOSEPH E. ESTRADA and INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • A.M. No. 00-4-188-RTC September 13, 2001 - REQUEST OF MR. OSCAR T. LLAMAS FOR RE-ASSIGNMENT OSCAR T. LLAMAS v. EMMANUEL LACANDOLA AND ET. AL.

  • G.R. No. 120009 September 13, 2001 - DOLE PHILIPPINES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 122095 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. DOMINGO DAWISAN

  • G.R. No. 127913 September 13, 2001 - RCBC v. METRO CONTAINER CORP.

  • G.R. No. 132354 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DEOMEDES IGLESIA

  • G.R. Nos. 136840-42 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO NAVARETTE

  • G.R. No. 137250-51 September 13, 2001 - PABLO MARGAREJO v. HON. ADELARDO ESCOSES

  • G.R. No. 138972-73 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EUGENIO B. MARQUEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140512 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PETER PELERAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142043 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NELSON BITUON

  • G.R. No. 142430 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RONNIE QUINICIO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142444 September 13, 2001 - OFELIA D. ARTUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142649 September 13, 2001 - ANTONIO C. SAN LUIS v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 143702 September 13, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ZALDY MENDOZA

  • G.R. No. 129212 September 14, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MARIO LACUESTA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1575 September 17, 2001 - ISAGANI RIZON v. JUDGE OSCAR E. ZERNA

  • A.M. No. RTJ 99-1498 September 17, 2001 - VICENTE P. LIM v. JUDGE JACINTA B. TAMBAGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 111584 September 17, 2001 - PRODUCERS BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES v. COURT OF APPEALS and SPOUSES SALVADOR Y. CHUA and EMILIA U. CHUA

  • G.R. No. 135644 September 17, 2001 - GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM v. SPOUSES GONZALO and MATILDE LABUNG-DEANG

  • G.R. No. 135912 September 17, 2001 - ODIN SECURITY AGENCY v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138219 September 17, 2001 - GERARDO V. TAMBAOAN, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 138943-44 September 17, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HENRY ALMAZAN

  • G.R. No. 141209 September 17, 2001 - ANTONIA HUFANA, ET AL. v. WILLIAM ONG GENATO

  • A. C. No. 5043 September 19, 2001 - ABEDIN L. OSOP v. ATTY. V. EMMANUEL C. FONTANILLA

  • G.R. No. 135936 September 19, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. GUALBERTO MIRADOR alias "GOLING"

  • G.R. No. 144400 September 19, 2001 - DOMINGO O. IGNACIO v. COCA-COLA BOTTLERS PHILS.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1369 September 20, 2001 - GUILLERMA D. CABAÑERO v. JUDGE ANTONIO K. CAÑON

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1371 September 20, 2001 - ATTY. NESCITO C. HILARIO v. JUDGE ROMEO A. QUILANTANG

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1472 September 20, 2001 - SPOUSES HERMINIO, ET Al. v. HON. DEMETRIO D. CALIMAG

  • A.M. No. P-01-1483 September 20, 2001 - EDNA FE F. AQUINO v. ISABELO LAVADIA

  • G.R. No. 116938 September 20, 2001 - LEONILA GARCIA-RUEDA v. REMEDIOS A. AMOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127405 September 20, 2001 - MARJORIE TOCAO and WILLIAM T. BELO v. COURT OF APPEALS and NENITA A. ANAY

  • G.R. No. 130399 September 20, 2001 - PUBLIC UTILITIES DEPARTMENT v. HON. TEOFISTO T. GUINGONA

  • G.R. Nos. 135068-72 September 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAXIMO RAMOS

  • G.R. No. 137674 September 20, 2001 - WILLIAM GO KIM HUY v. SANTIAGO GO KIM HUY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139410 September 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SILVERIO AGUERO

  • G.R. No. 140898 September 20, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOSE ISHIKAWA AMBA

  • A.M. No. P-99-1289 September 21, 2001 - JUDGE NAPOLEON S. DIAMANTE v. ANTHONY A. ALAMBRA

  • G.R. Nos. 119609-10 September 21, 2001 - PCGG v. HONORABLE SANDIGANBAYAN (Third Division), ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128876 September 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MANOLITO FELIZAR y CAPULI

  • G.R. No. 132384 September 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MARLON GADIA

  • G.R. No. 134596 September 21, 2001 - RAYMUND ARDONIO v. THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 142889 September 21, 2001 - EXECUTIVE LABOR ARBITER RICARDO N. OLAIREZ v. OMBUDSMAN ANIANO A. DESIERTO

  • G.R. No. 145416 September 21, 2001 - GOLDEN HORIZON REALTY CORPORATION v. SY CHUAN

  • A.M. No. 99-6-79-MTC September 24, 2001 - REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT

  • A.M. No. P-01-1512 September 24, 2001 - TERESITA H. ZIPAGAN v. JOVENCIO N. TATTAO

  • G.R. Nos. 132442-44 September 24, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. BERNARDINO ARANZADO

  • G.R. Nos. 135524-25 September 24, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MANOLITO AGUSTIN

  • G.R. No. 141897 September 24, 2001 - METRO CONSTRUCTION v. CHATHAM PROPERTIES

  • G.R. No. 144404 September 24, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. LEODEGARIO BASCUGUIN Y AGQUIZ

  • G.R. Nos. 127759-60 September 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PO3 NOEL FELICIANO

  • G.R. Nos. 134527-28 September 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SERAPIO REY alias APIONG

  • G.R. Nos. 136867-68 September 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RODRIGO GALVEZ y JEREZ

  • G.R. No. 137612 September 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. FRANCISCO ANTINERO BERIARMENTE

  • A.C. No. 4497 September 26, 2001 - MR. and MRS. VENUSTIANO G. SABURNIDO v. ATTY. FLORANTE E. MADROÑO

  • A.C. No. 4990 September 26, 2001 - ELENA ZARATE-BUSTAMANTE and LEONORA SAVET CATABIAN v. ATTY. FLORENTINO G. LIBATIQUE

  • G.R. No. 122824 September 26, 2001 - AURORA F. IGNACIO v. VALERIANO BASILIO,

  • G.R. No. 123058 September 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALFREDO NAPUD, JR.

  • G.R. No. 129107 September 26, 2001 - ALFONSO L. IRINGAN v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS , ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 129530-31 September 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. WILFREDO OLARTE

  • G.R. Nos. 138308-10 September 26, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PABLO SANTOS

  • G.R. No. 142564 September 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. HILGEM NERIO y GIGANTO

  • G.R. Nos. 143108-09 September 26, 2001 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES. v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • Adm. Case. No. 5505 September 27, 2001 - SEVERINO RAMOS v. ATTY. ELLIS JACOBA and ATTY. OLIVIA VELASCO JACOBA

  • G.R. No. 131864-65 September 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SHERJOHN ARONDAIN and JOSE PRECIOSO

  • G.R. Nos. 134963-64 September 27, 2001 - ALFREDO LONG and FELIX ALMERIA v. LYDIA BASA

  • G.R. No. 137676 September 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ATTY. ROBERTO DIONISIO

  • G.R. No. 144035 September 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE M. BASQUEZ

  • A.M. No. P-00-1391 September 28, 2001 - LIBRADA D. TORRES v. NELSON C. CABESUELA

  • G.R. No. 122425 September 28, 2001 - FLORDELIZA H. CABUHAT v. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 124535 September 28, 2001 - THE RURAL BANK OF LIPA CITY, ET AL. v. HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 125154 September 28, 2001 - DIGNA VERGEL v. COURT OF APPEALS and DOROTEA-TAMISIN GONZALES

  • G.R. No. 125442 September 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. FERNANDO ARELLANO y ROBLES

  • G.R. No. 127232 September 28, 2001 - GOLDENROD v. HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS and PATHFINDER HOLDINGS (PHILIPPINES)

  • G.R. No. 127241 September 28, 2001 - LA CONSOLACION COLLEGE, ET AL. v. NLRC , ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134128 September 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. GERARDO DE LAS ERAS y ZAFRA

  • G.R. No. 134928 September 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. FILOMENO BARNUEVO. ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 140789-92 September 28, 2001 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALIPIO CARBONELL and DIONISIO CARBONELL

  • G.R. No. 145371 September 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. BEN AQUINO and ROMEO AQUINO

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    G.R. No. 116938   September 20, 2001 - LEONILA GARCIA-RUEDA v. REMEDIOS A. AMOR, ET AL.

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 116938. September 20, 2001.]

    LEONILA GARCIA-RUEDA, Petitioner, v. REMEDIOS A. AMOR, * RAUL R. ARNAU, ABELARDO L. APORTADERA, JR., FRANCISCO A. VILLA, ** all of the Office of the Ombudsman, and LEONCIA R. DIMAGIBA, Assistant City Prosecutor, Manila, Respondents.

    D E C I S I O N


    PARDO, J.:


    The Case


    The case is a petition for certiorari 1 to annul and set aside the resolution of the Ombudsman dismissing the complaint for violation of R. A. No. 3019, Sec. 3 [e], against respondent assistant city prosecutor Leoncia R. Dimagiba, for lack of evidence showing that complainant suffered undue injury through manifest partiality and evident bad faith of the respondent public officials. 2

    The Facts


    On 19 November 1991, petitioner’s husband, Engr. Florencio V. Rueda, Jr., 32 years old, underwent an operation at the Santo Tomas University Hospital, Sampaloc, Manila for the removal of a stone blocking his ureter. Dr. Domingo Antonio, Jr., urological surgeon, performed the operation with Dr. Erlinda Balatbat-Reyes as anaesthesiologist. The surgery started at 8:30 a. m. and it was over at 9:50 a. m. The patient was given spinal/regional anaesthesia (Pontocaine) and inhalational or gaseous anaesthesia (Forane or Isuflorane). 3

    A few minutes after the surgery, while the patient was wheeled to the recovery room, he manifested facial twitches, muscle rigidity, and tonic and clonic seizures. His body temperature rose to 42 degrees Centigrade and blood pressure was 210 (systolic mm Hg) over 110 (diastolic mm Hg) per clinical records. 4

    Doctors Antonio and Balatbat-Reyes immediately administered appropriate emergency treatment for epileptic seizures in consultation with specialists on neurology, cardiology and anaesthesia. However, the general condition of the patient deteriorated, and he later developed asystole at 3:15 p. m. The doctors initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedure. Nevertheless, it was unsuccessful, and at 3:45 p. m., the patient died. 5

    Dr. Domingo Antonio, Jr. signed the death certificate indicating the immediate cause of death as status epilepticus, antecedent cause unknown. Other significant condition contributing to death-ureterolithotomy (lower third, right) under spinal anaesthesia. 6

    In the evening of the same day, relatives of the victim requested the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) to conduct an autopsy on his cadaver. According to the NBI Medico-Legal findings, the victim died of malignant hyperthermia, secondary to anesthesia clinical 7 and recommended the filing of criminal charges against Dr. Domingo Antonio, Jr. and Dr. Erlinda Balatbat-Reyes, for reckless imprudence resulting in homicide. 8

    On 7 July 1993, Assistant City Prosecutor Dimagiba to whom the case was reassigned (after several other prosecutors inhibited themselves) conducted another preliminary investigation 9

    On 24 August, 1993, respondent assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba recommended the dismissal of the complaint against Dr. Reyes and the filing of an information for reckless imprudence resulting in homicide against Dr. Domingo Antonio, Jr. 10

    On 25 August 1993, respondent assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba filed with the Regional Trial Court, Manila, an information against Dr. Domingo Antonio, Jr. for reckless imprudence resulting in homicide. 11

    On 23 November 1993, petitioner filed with the Office of the Ombudsman a complaint against assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba for violation of R. A. No. 3019, Sec. 3 [e3, and for grave misconduct. 12

    On 1 March 1994, Graft Investigation Officer II (GIO) Remedios A. Amor submitted to the Ombudsman a draft resolution recommending dismissal of the charges against assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba for lack of evidence. 13

    On 4 March 1994, respondent Raul R. Arnau, head, evaluation and preliminary investigation bureau, Office of the Ombudsman, recommended approval of the resolution. 14 On 8 March 1994, respondent Abelardo L. Aportadera, Jr. assistant Ombudsman (EIO), reviewed the resolution, and on 9 March 1994, respondent Francisco A. Villa, Overall Deputy Ombudsman approved the resolution. 15

    On 7 April, 1994, petitioner filed with the Office of the Ombudsman a motion for reconsideration, 16 however, on 29 July 1994, respondent officials of the Office of the Ombudsman denied the motion. 17

    Hence, this petition. 18

    The Issue


    The issue raised is whether respondent officials of the office of the Ombudsman gravely abused their discretion in finding that there was no evidence sufficient to warrant the prosecution of respondent assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba for violation of R. A. No. 3019, Sec. 3 [e]. 19

    The Court’s Ruling


    Petitioner posits that in dismissing the case for reckless imprudence resulting in homicide against Dr. Erlinda Balatbat-Reyes despite overwhelming evidence pointing to the criminal liability of the latter, assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba violated the Anti-Graft Act, R A. No. 3019, Section 3 [e].

    In his comment, 20 the Solicitor General submitted the view that "the Office of the Ombudsman is not the proper forum for the review of what might be reversible errors in the appreciation of the evidence in cases before quasi judicial or judicial bodies." 21chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    We agree with the Solicitor General that the Ombudsman may not pass upon errors of the prosecutor’s office intrinsic to the resolution itself of the case as that function pertains to the power of review of the Secretary of Justice. 22

    In fact, in this case, the petitioner appealed the resolution of assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba to the Secretary of Justice. On 27 September 1994, the Secretary of Justice dismissed the petition for review. 23 On 23 January 1995, the Secretary of Justice denied petitioner’s motion for reconsideration. 24

    On March 10, 1995, petitioner filed with the Supreme Court a petition for certiorari 25 questioning the ruling of the Secretary of Justice, which we referred to the Court of Appeals. 26 On 13 June 1996, the Court of Appeals promulgated a decision setting aside the resolution of the Secretary of Justice and directing the City Prosecutor of Manila to give due course to the information against respondent Dr. Reyes. 27

    The essential elements of violation of R.A. No. 3019, Sec. 3 [e] are as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "(1) The accused is a public officer or a private person charged in conspiracy with the former;

    "(2) The said public officer commits the prohibited acts during the performance of his or her official duties or in relation to his or her public positions

    "(3) That he or she causes undue injury to any party, whether the government or a private party;

    "(4) Such undue injury is caused by giving unwarranted benefits, advantage or preference to such parties; and

    "(5) That the public officer has acted with manifest partiality, evident bad faith or gross inexcusable negligence. 28

    In dismissing petitioner’s charges against Dr. Erlinda Balatbat-Reyes, respondent prosecutor Dimagiba did not cause any undue injury to petitioner. Respondent prosecutor as a quasi judicial official exercises discretion to determine whether probable cause exists sufficient to sustain the charge against Dr. Reyes. 29 In the performance of the duties of her office as prosecutor, respondent assistant city prosecutor Dimagiba may err. 30 Such error may not necessarily cause undue injury to any party. To constitute this element of the offense, the act of respondent must cause specific quantified injury to any party by giving unwarranted benefits, advantage or preference to such party with the public officer acting with manifest partiality, evident bad faith or gross inexcusable negligence. 31

    In the absence of evidence showing that the act of respondent assistant city prosecutor in dismissing the charge against Dr. Reyes was done in evident bad faith or gross inexcusable negligence, causing undue injury to petitioner, the charge of violation of R. A. No. 3019, Sec. 3[e], would not prosper. 32

    The Fallo

    WHEREFORE, the Court hereby DISMISSES the petition for lack of merit.

    No costs.

    Davide, Jr., C.J., Kapunan, and Ynares-Santiago, JJ., concur.

    Puno, J., on official Leave

    Endnotes:



    * Transferred to the Philippine National Oil Company, Rollo p. 646.

    ** Now retired.

    1. Under Rule 65, Revised Rules of Court (1964 Revision).

    2. Respondents are: Raul R Arnau, Abelardo L. Aportadera, Jr.,

    Francisco A. Villa, all of the Office of the Ombudsman and

    Leoncia R. Dimagiba, assistant city prosecutor of Manila.

    3. Petition, Rollo, pp. [email protected]

    4. Ibid., at p. 11.

    5. Rollo, pp. 180-181.

    6. Certificate of Death, Rollo, p. 138.

    7 Autopsy Report No. N-91-303S, Rollo, p. 139.

    8. Rollo, pp. 15-16.

    9. Rollo, pp. 11-13, 223.

    10. Rollo, p. 16.

    11. Docketed as Criminal Case No. 93-126981. Rollo, p. 23. On 17 September 1996, the trial court dismissed the case, on joint motion of the parties because they have reached amicable settlement with respect to the civil aspect.

    12. Docketed as OMB-0-93-3252. Rollo, p. 24.

    13. Petition, Annex "A", Resolution, Rollo, pp. 42-46.

    14. Ibid., at p. 45.

    15. Petition, Annex "A", Rollo, pp. 4246, 8t p. 4S.

    16. Petition, Annex "B-l" Motion for Reconsideration, Rollo, pp. 4942.

    17. Petition, Annex "B", Order, Rollo, pp. 4748.

    18. Petition filed on 27 September 1994. On 26 February 1997, we gave due course to the petition (Rollo, p. 954).

    19. Comment, Rollo, pp. 880-896.

    20. Rollo, pp- 880-896

    21. Rollo, pp. 880-896, at p. 886.

    22. Jalandoni v. Drilon, 327 SCRA 107, 118 [2000]. Department Order No. 70, dated July 3, 2000.

    23. Rollo, pp. 796-798

    24. Rollo, p. 799.

    25. G. R. No. 118981.

    26. Per Resolution dated June 21, 1995, Docketed as CA-G.R. SP No. 37752

    27. Decision of the Court of Appeals, Rollo, pp. 924-053.

    28. Garcia v. Office of the Ombudsman, 325 SCRA 667, 669-670 [2000], citing Pecho v.Sandiganbayan, 238 SCRA 116,128 [1994]; Llorente Jr. v. Sandiganbayan, 350 Phil. 820, 837 [1998]; Ingco v. Sandiganbayan, 338 Phil. 1061, 1072 [1997]

    29. Estrella v. Orendain, 37 SCRA 640 [1971]; Castillo v. Villaluz, 171 SCRA 39, 42 [1989]; Pono v. National Labor Relations Commission, 341 Phil. 615, 620 [1997], citing Ogburn v. Court of Appeals, 212 SCRA 483 [1992]; People v. Devaras, 228 SCRA 482 [1993]; Cruz, Jr. v. People, 233 SCRA 439 [1994].

    30. To err is human.

    31. Avila v. Santiganbayan, 307 SCRA 236 [1999].

    32. Venus v. Desierto, 358 Phil. 675, 699 [1998].

    G.R. No. 116938   September 20, 2001 - LEONILA GARCIA-RUEDA v. REMEDIOS A. AMOR, ET AL.


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