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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-2004 Jurisprudence                 

  • Boy v. CA: 125088 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Buntag : 123070 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo, Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Culaba v. CA: 125862 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ramos : 125898 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Quizon v. CA: 127819 : April 27, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • The Insular Life Assurance Co Ltd v. CA: 126850 : April 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Venzon v. Spa Santos : 128308 : April 24, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Nunez v. People : 127962 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ayuman : 133436 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Kimura : 130805 : April 25, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ramos : 135204 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Quimzon : 133541 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Rom : 137585 : April 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ambrosio : 135378 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • [G.R. NO. 140385. April 14, 2004]PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. MARIO MARCELO y DELA CRUZ,appellant.

  • Texon Mnfg v. Millena : 141380 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • Philips Semiconductors (Phils) Inc v. Fadriquela : 141717 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Balag-ey : 141532 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Ayangao : 142356 : April 14, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • Villanueva v. CA: 143286 : April 14, 2004 : J. Carpio : First Division : Decision

  • Oderon Vda de Cardona v. Amansec : 147216 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Resolution

  • Phil Employ Services & Resources Inc v. Paramio : 144786 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Litonjua v. Fernandez : 148116 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Phil Rabbit Bus Line Inc v. People : 147703 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Emco Plywood Corp v. Abelgas : 148532 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Saldaa : 148518 : April 15, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Imperial v. Jaucian : 149004 : April 14, 2004 : J. Pangaban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Ibaez : 148627 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Sps Chan v. RTC of Zamboanga : 149253 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Dacillo : 149368 : April 28, 2004 : J. Corona : En Banc : Decision

  • Teope v. People : 149687 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Sidro v. People : 149685 : April 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Sia v. People : 149695 : April 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • BPI v. ALs Mgmt Dev't Corp : 151821 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Sevilla Trading Co v. Semana : 152456 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Batangas Power Corp v. Batangas City : 152675 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Mondragon Leisure and Resorts Corp v. United Coconut pLanters Bank : 154187 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Reyes : 153119 : April 13, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : En Banc : Decision

  • Agilent Technologies Singapore Ltd v. Integrated Silicon Tech Phils Corp : 154618 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Odilao Jr : 155451 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Vallejo v. CA: 156413 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Capital Credit Dimension Inc. v. Chua : 157213 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Kare v. Comelec : 157526 : April 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Alcantara : 157669 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Aradais v. Comelec : 157863 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Premiere Dev't Bank v. CA: 159352 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Honansan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion

  • Velarde v. Social Justice Society : 159357 : April 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Decision

  • Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Vitug : En Banc : Separate Opinion

  • Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion

  • Idulza v. Comelec : 160130 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Resolution

  • Estrella v. Comelec : 160465 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Repol v. Comelec : 161418 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio : En Banc : Decision

  • Aklat-Asosasyon para sa kaunlaran ng Lipunan at Adhikain para sa Tao, Inc v. Comelec : 162203 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Resolution

  • Ting-Dumali v. Torres : AC 5161 : Arpil 14, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Resolution

  • Sitaca v. Palomares : AC 5285 : April 14, 2004 : J. Vitug : Third Division : Decision

  • Fajardo v. Dela Torre : AC 6295 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Resolution

  • Paredes v. Padua : AM CA-91-3-P : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Resolution

  • Navarro v. Tormis : AM MTJ-00-1337 : April 27, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Alcaraz v. Lindo : AM MTJ-04-1539 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Muyco v. Saratan : AM P-03-1761 : April 2, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Resolution

  • Gonzales v. Familara III : AM P-04-1794 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Mendoza v. Buo-RIvera : AM P-04-1784 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Resolution

  • Reyes Jr v. Cristi : AM P-04-1801 : April 2, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Decena v. Malanyaon : Am RTJ-02-1669 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  •  





     
     

    Gonzales v. Familara III : AM P-04-1794 : April 14, 2004 : J.
Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

      Gonzales v. Familara III : AM P-04-1794 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [A.M. NO. P-04-1794. April 14, 2004]

    EUGENIO C. GONZALES, Et. Al., Petitioners, v. MARIANO S. FAMILARA III, Clerk of Court, Regional Trial Court of Roxas (Branch 43), Oriental Mindoro, Respondent.

    R E S O L U T I O N

    AUSTRIA-MARTINEZ, J.:

    In a letter dated April 23, 2003, Atty. Benjamin Relova, in behalf of Eugenio C. Gonzales, et al., charges Atty. Mariano S. Familara III, Clerk of Court of Branch 43, Regional Trial Court (RTC), Roxas, Oriental Mindoro of gross negligence, grave misconduct and gross dereliction of duty in the performance of his duty as clerk of court.

    Atty. Relova alleges: In Civil Case No. C-351, entitled, Diana Gonzales and Eugenio Gonzales v. Mrs. Vera P. Quiazon, et al., his client, Eugenio C. Gonzales, deposited for consignation before the said RTC, a managers check dated 24 May 1999 in the amount of P300,000.00. Respondent did not deposit the check with a depository bank in violation of the Supreme Court Circular No. 13-92 dated 1 March 1992 which expressly directs that all collections from bailbonds, rental deposits and other fiduciary collections, shall be deposited immediately by the Clerk of Court concerned upon receipt thereof, with an authorized government depository bank. Such inaction on the part of the respondent has not only deprived the National Treasury of interest which the check should have earned had it been deposited, but may have also caused prejudice to their client in terms of interest had the consignation been disapproved.

    In his Comment, respondent explains, as follows: After some brainstorming with Presiding Judge Antonio M. Rosales, he was prevailed upon by the judge not to deposit the check for the time being for the reason that it would come in handy whenever the need arises for the checks presentation, identification, comparison and marking in the course of the proceedings. The check was ultimately marked by the plaintiffs counsel as their Exhibit N during the pre-trial conference, thus showing conformity with the suggestion of the Judge. As said check was marked in evidence, it already formed part of the record of the case and should stay therein until the propriety or impropriety of the consignation has been acted upon by the court. Such petition was bolstered by the ruling of the Court of Appeals in C.A. G.R. S.P. No. 57597, entitled, Eugenio C. Gonzales, et al. v. The Hon. Antonio M. Rosales, et al., to wit:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    As to petitioners claim for interest which the check they had consigned may have earned if deposited with an authorized government depository bank in accordance with Supreme Court Circular No. 13-92 which took effect March 1, 1992 (p. 9, Motion for Reconsideration, p. 202, Rollo), it is premature in the present petition for certiorari to claim any contingent interest which may accrue by reason of the consignment of the check in court for the reason that petitioners main case below is for consignment, the propriety of which is yet to be determined on the merits by the court a quo.

    Consequently, petitioners prayer for the issuance of a temporary restraining order to restrain the lower court from proceeding with the hearing until after we shall have resolved the latter issue is without any valid basis.

    WHEREFORE, petitioners motions are denied for lack of merit.

    He acceded to what his judge would like to do with the check tentatively because that is consistent with the latters prerogative on the manner by which the hearing of a case should be conducted in conjunction with his power of control and supervision over his subordinates. The check became stale because the time to rule on it was wasted away, hampered by the many pleadings filed by plaintiffs counsel, such as several motions for postponement, reconsideration, inhibition, certiorari , etc., as can be borne out by the records itself which presently has become voluminous, comprising now of two volumes, each volume measuring eight inches in thickness. The case is yet in its initial stage.

    Respondent prays for understanding and consideration in view of the absence of gain and ill motive on his part in not doing what complainant said he should have been done.

    In his Reply, complainant contends:Circular Nos. 13-92 and 32-93 mandate that clerks of court should deposit fiduciary funds immediately with authorized government depository banks. There are no ifs or buts in the aforesaid issuances. There are no brainstorming necessary on the part of the Judge and the Clerk of Court because the matter simply involved the immediate deposit of all collections and deposits received. Respondent should have immediately deposited the check so that it could earn interest for the benefit of the employees of the judiciary. It would have been sufficient that the receipt for the deposit be marked in evidence and the check photocopied in order not to delay its deposit but respondent allowed years to pass without depositing the check until it became stale.

    In his Answer to the Reply, respondent quoted the ruling of the Supreme Court in Re: Deposit on the Financial Audit in RTC, General Santos City, to wit:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    Indeed, clerks of court are the chief administrative officers of their respective courts; with regard to COLLECTION OF LEGAL FEES, they perform a delicatefunction as judicial officers. .. 1 cralawred

    He maintains that the cited ruling speaks of collection of legal fees which is distinct and totally different from consignment of checks; that when a petitioner files a petition for consignation of a check, he is required to pay a correspondent legal fee in accordance with the rules and that the payment collected from the petitioner or the payment received in the filing of a similar action is the one contemplated by the aforesaid ruling and not the check which is the subject matter of consignation.

    Respondent further contends that complainants allegation that it is sufficient that the receipt of the deposit could have been marked in evidence and the check photocopied in order not to delay its deposit is a responsibility that could not be reposed on respondent but should have been tackled by Atty. Muyco of the Pao, Gonzales, Relova Law Office and the opposing counsel during the pre-trial conference or the succeeding hearing thereafter; that it is not his duty to take the cudgel of lawyering for the parties; and, that it was the check which was marked and not the receipt signifying the parties conformity to make the check part and parcel of the record.

    Likewise, respondent informs the Court that a similar complaint involving the same issue was lodged against Judge Antonio M. Rosales, the then presiding judge of RTC, Branch 43, Roxas, Oriental Mindoro and that he was surprised at the unexpected turn-around of complainants ire against him when the axe supposedly intended for our judge fell short of the grinding stone, so to speak.

    To verify the allegation of respondent that the failure to deposit the check was upon advise of the judge, the OCA referred the matter to Judge Antonio M. Rosales for comment.

    In his Comment, Judge Rosales states that the present complaint against the respondent was the subject of an earlier complaint filed by the same complainant against him which was docketed as AM-RTJ-02-1711; that in a full length decision promulgated by the Supreme Court, he was absolved of any wrongdoing; that he submits said decision and adopts it as his reaction to the comment submitted by the respondent.

    The OCA recommended that this case be re-docketed as a regular administrative complaint against the respondent and that he be reprimanded for his failure to comply with Circular No. 13-92 with a warning that a repetition of the same omission in the future shall be dealt with more severely.

    We do not agree with the recommendations of OCA.

    Pertinent portion of SC Circular No. 13-92 reads:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    All collections from bailbonds, rental deposits and other fiduciary collections shall be deposited by the Clerk of Court concerned, upon receipt thereof, with an authorized government depository bank. (Emphasis ours)

    Circular No. 32-93 refers to collection of legal fees and submission of monthly report of collections.

    It is clear from the foregoing circulars that the Clerk of Court is mandated to immediately deposit with the depository bank all collections from bailbonds, rental deposits and other fiduciary collections. The subject check is not a fiduciary collection, per se. It is a check sought to be deposited by the plaintiffs as consignation in accordance with law, the propriety of which is yet to be determined.Respondent exercised prudence in conferring with Judge Rosales whether to deposit the check or not and correctly heeded the advise of the latter not to deposit the check immediately for Judge Rosales believed that the decision to deposit said check was interwoven with the exercise of judicial function.2 Moreover, complainants had converted the same into a documentary evidence when they had the check marked as their Exhibit N during the pre-trial stage.

    Considering that just like Judge Rosales in A.M. No. RTJ-02-1711, there is no showing that respondents failure to deposit immediately the subject check was prompted by bad faith, malice, corrupt motive or improper consideration,3 respondent should be exonerated from any administrative liability.

    WHEREFORE, the administrative complaint agent respondent Clerk of Court Atty. Mariano S. Familara lll is DISMISSED.

    SO ORDERED.

    Puno, (Chairman), Quisumbing, Callejo, Sr., and TINGA, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    2 Ex parte Manifestation of Judge Rosales, p. 8; Rollo, p. 61.
    3 Relova v. Rosales, v. 392 SCRA 585, 594 (2002).

    Gonzales v. Familara III : AM P-04-1794 : April 14, 2004 : J.
Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution


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