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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
May-2004 Jurisprudence                 

  • People v. Castillo : 118912 : May 28, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Vasquez : 123939 : May 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Varona v. CA: 124148 : May 20, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Bernardo v. CA: 124261 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Ayala Land Inc v. Navarro : 127079 : May 7, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Bello : 124871 : May 13, 2004 : J. Puno : En Banc : Decision

  • Espinosa v. CA: 128686 : May 28, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Sacdalan v. CA: 128967 : MAy 20, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Perez v. Office of the Ombudsman : 131445 : May 27, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Simon : May 27, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Decision

  • BPI Family Savings Bank Inc v. First Metro Investment Corp : 132390 : May 21, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • The Executive Secretary v. CA: 131719 : May 25, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Enrile v. Senate Electoral Tribunal : 132986 : May 19, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Magbanua : 133004 : May 20, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Sps Del Rosario v. Montaa : 134433 : May 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Bagnate : 133685-86 : May 20, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Tee Dee v. CA: 135721 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Dimayacyac v. CA: 136264 : May 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. De Jesus : 134815 : May 27, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Navarro v. Metropolitan Bank & Trust Comapny : 138031 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ortillas : 137666 : May 20, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Alcanzado : 138335 : May 20, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Agudez : 138386-87 : May 20, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Tira : 139615 : May 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : En Banc : Decision

  • Aznar Brothers Realty Company v. Heirs of Augusto : 140417 : May 28, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. De los Reyes : 140680 : May 28, 2004 : Callejo, Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Lui v. Sps Matillano : 141176 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Phil Journalists Inc v. Michael Mosqueda : 141430 : May 7, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • Cruz v. Phil Global Communication Inc : 141868 : May 28, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Pineda : 141644 : May 27, 2004 : J. Carpio : En Banc : Decision

  • Mabunga v. People : 142039 : May 27, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • Pasong Bayabas Farmers Asso'n Inc v. CA: 142359 : MAy 25, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • San Juan De Dios Educ'l Foundation Employees Union v. San Juan De Dios Educ'l Foundation Inc : 143341 : May 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Phil Geothermal Inc v. National Power Corp : 144302 : May 22, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Resolution

  • People v. Jubail : 143718 : May 19, 2004 : J. Carpio : First Division : Decision

  • Zaragoza v. Nobleza : 144560 : May 13, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • Sps Isabelo v. Hon CA: 144576 : May 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • Gonzales v. PAGCOR : 144891 : May 27, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • Siena Realty Corp v. Gal-Lang : 145169 : May 13, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • Barrera v. People : 145233-52 : May 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • Cotabato Timberland Co v. C Alcantara and Sons Inc : 145469 : May 28, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Decision

  • Salalima v. ECC : 146360 : May 20, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Delmindo : 146810 : May 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Decision

  • Phil Communications Satellite Corp v. Globe Telecom Inc : 147324 : May 25, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Lanuza v. Muoz : 147372 : May 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Decision

  • Corporate Inn Hotel v. Lizo : 148279 : May 27, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • R Transport Corp v. Ejandra : 148508 : May 20, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Kim : 148586 : May 25, 2004 : J. Vitug : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Belonio : 148695 : May 27, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Catalina Security Agency v. Gonzalez-Decano : 149039 : MAy 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : En Banc : Decision

  • Rep of the Phil v. Quintero -Hamano : 149498 : May 20, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • PNB v. RBL Enterprises Inc : 149569 : May 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • UCPB v. Magpayo : 149908 : May 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Resolution

  • Okabe v. Gutierrez : 150185 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • G.R. No. 150224 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOEL YATAR

  • SMC Quarry 2 Workers Union v. TItan Megabags Industrial Corp : 150761 : May 19, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Guierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • Sps Tan v. Mandap : 150925 : May 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Decision

  • Salazar v. Callejo Sr : 151068 : May 21, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Resolution

  • Sps Gudoy v. Guadalquiver : 151136 : May 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Decision

  • DBP v. West Negros College Inc : 152359 : May 21, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  • People v. Magdaraog : 151251 : May 19, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Milwaukee Industries Corp v. Pampanga III Electric Cooperative Inc : 152569 : May 31, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • The Province of Batangas v. Romulo : 152774 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Estoya : 153538 : May 19, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Sps Samson v. Rivera : 154355 : May 20, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • CSC v. Joson : 154674 : May 27, 2004 : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Cajucom : 155023 : May 28, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Yu : 155030 : May 18, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Ceballos v. Mercado : 155856 : May 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Piltel v. Tecson : 156966 : May 7, 2004 : J. Vitug : Third Division : Decision

  • San Pedro v. Lee : 156522 : May 28, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Eceta v. Eceta :157037 : May 20, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Bautista v. CA: 157219 : May 28, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Chua v. Victorio : 157568 : May 18, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Bernat v. Sandiganbayan : 158018 : May 20, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Go v. CA: 158922 : 158922 : May 28, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Sim Jr v. CA: 159280 : May 18, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Abante Jr : Lamadrid Bearing & Parts Corp : 159890 : May 28, 2004 : First Division : Decision

  • Estrella v. COMELEC : 160465 : May 27, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Gaviola v. Salcedo : AC 3037 : May 20, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Resolution

  • Zaballero v. Montalvan : AC 4370 : May 25, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Orbe v. Adaza : AC 5252 : May 20, 2004 : J. Vitug : Third Division : Decision

  • Bon v. Ziga : AC 5436 : May 27, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • De Juan v. Baria III : AC 5817 : May 27, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Resolution

  • Ricafort v. Bansil : AC 6298 : May 27, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Re: Mr Datu Ashary M Alauya : AM 02-4-03-SDC : May 27, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : En Banc : Decision

  • Re: Alleged Tampering of the DTR of Sherry B. Cervantes : AM 03-8-463-RTC : May 20, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Bejarasco Jr v. Buenconsejo : AM MTJ-02-1417 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Arnado v. Buban : AM MTJ-04-1543 : May 31, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Obaana Jr v. Ricafort : AM MTJ-04-1545 : May 27, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Quinto v. Vios : AM MTJ-04-1551 : May 21, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Resolution

  • Dy v. Pascua : AM P-04-1798 : May 27, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Aquino Jr v. Miranda : AM P-01-1453 : May 27, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc

  • Apuyan Jr v. Sta Isabel : AM P-01-1497 : May 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Fernandez Jr v. Gatan : AM P-03-1720 : May 28, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Sismaet v. Sabas : AM P-03-1680 : May 27, 2004 : J. Corona : En Banc : Resolution

  • Reliways Inc v. Grantoza : AM P-04-1812 : May 28, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  • Manzon v. Perello : AM RTJ-02-1686 : May 7, 2004 : J. Vitug : Third Division : Resolution

  • Portic v. Villalon-Pornillos : AM RTJ-02-1717 : May 28, 2004 : J. Carpio : First Division : Decision

  • Cruz v. Ubiadas : AM RTJ-03-1768 : May 24, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Resolution

  • Sison v. Caibes Jr : AM RTJ-03-1771 : May 27, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Floresta v. Ubiadas : AM RTJ-03-1774 : May 27, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  •  





     
     

    Reliways Inc v. Grantoza : AM P-04-1812 : May 28, 2004 : J. Tinga :
Second Division : Resolution

      Reliways Inc v. Grantoza : AM P-04-1812 : May 28, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [A.M. NO. P-04-1812 : May 28, 2004]

    RELIWAYS INC. represented by: AURELIO P. VENDIVEL, JR., Complainant, v. LAMBERTO P. GRANTOZA, Process Server, MeTC, Br. 62, Makati City, Respondent.

    R E S O L U T I O N

    TINGA, J.:

    On July 29, 2003, Aurelio P. Vendivel, Jr. (Vendivel) filed on behalf of Reliways, Inc. (Reliways) a Complaint-Affidavit1 dated July 25, 2003 charging the respondent, Lamberto P. Grantoza (Grantoza), with conduct unbecoming a court employee for the latters failure to pay his just debts. Allegedly, on April 27, 2001 and again on May 24, 2001, Grantoza obtained from Reliways two (2) loans with the principal amount of P7,000.00 and P4,500.00, respectively, or a total of P11,500.00, for which Grantoza executed the corresponding Promissory Notes and an Irrevocable Special Power of Attorney in favor of Reliways and Vendivel.

    According to Vendivel, oral and written demands2 have been made upon Grantoza but the latter refused and continues to refuse to pay his debt which, as of May 30, 2003, already totals P19,427.05 inclusive of interest. Moreover, Vendivel avers that Reliways was forced to lend money to Grantoza because Reliways then had a pending criminal case with the Metropolitan Trial Court (MeTC), Branch 62, Makati City, where Grantoza is stationed as a Process Server.3 cralawred

    In his Comment4 dated September 5, 2003, Grantoza admits having borrowed money from Reliways but denies any intention not to pay the same. He claims that he has partially paid his obligation. He also admits having received the demand letter dated June 17, 2003 but contends that Vendivel did not make an oral demand upon him. Further, Grantoza denies knowledge of Reliways pending criminal case with the court where he is stationed. He claims that he has never dealt personally with Vendivel. In fact, it was the Clerk of Court of the MeTC who approached him on behalf of Reliways and offered to extend him a loan.Moreover, his loan application was processed by the personnel of the Office of the Clerk of Court of the MeTC. Grantoza apologizes to Vendivel for giving the impression that he is evading a lawful obligation and assures the latter that he is trying to settle his loan.5 cralawred

    Vendivel filed a Reply-Affidavit6 dated September 26, 2003, denying that Grantoza has made partial payments on his loan.Vendivel rebuts Grantozas denial that an oral demand was made upon him and contends that before he filed criminal cases against Grantoza and other defaulting borrowers, he personally went to their respective offices, reminded them of their obligations and collected payments from them. He also refutes Grantozas allegation that it was the personnel of the MeTC who approached Grantoza and offered to extend him a loan on behalf of Reliways. He claims that he and Grantoza know each other because of Reliways criminal case pending with the MeTC.7 cralawred

    The Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) evaluated the complaint and found it meritorious. Accordingly, the OCA recommended that Grantoza be severely reprimanded for his willful failure to pay his just debts, which amounts to conduct unbecoming a court employee.8 cralawred

    The Revised Administrative Code of 1987, which covers Grantoza being a court employee, provides:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    Sec. 46. Discipline: General Provisions. (a) No officer or employee in the Civil Service shall be suspended or dismissed except for cause as provided by law and after due process.

    (b) The following shall be grounds for disciplinary action:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    xxx

    (22) Willful failure to pay just debts or willful failure to pay taxes due to the government;chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    xxx.9 cralawred

    The term just debts applies to claims the existence and justness of which are admitted by the debtor.10 cralawred

    Grantoza does not deny his indebtedness to Reliways. He even claims that he has made partial payments on his obligation. However, his claim is not supported by any evidence. Thus, while we commiserate with his unfortunate situation, we cannot condone his failure to pay his just debt which stands at P19,427.05 as of May 30, 2003. His administrative liability under the foregoing provision of the Revised Administrative Code is undisputed. The penalty therefore is not directed at his private life but at his actuations unbecoming a public official.11 cralawred

    The Omnibus Rules implementing the provisions on the Civil Service of the Revised Administrative Code of 198712 classifies willful failure to pay just debts as a light offense and prescribes the penalty of reprimand for the first offense. Given that this is Grantozas first offense since his employment in 1979, he should be reprimanded, although not severely as recommended by the OCA, considering his position as a Process Server.

    Finally, Vendivels contention that Reliways was forced to lend money to Grantoza because of its criminal case pending in the court where Grantoza is stationed deserves no sympathy. Between the two of them, Reliways had the upper-hand. What manner of enticement could Grantoza, a mere process server, have dangled to force Reliways to extend him a loan? Other than his bare allegation, Vendivel does not elaborate. We certainly cannot give credence to his unsubstantiated claim.

    WHEREFORE, premises considered, respondent Lamberto P. Grantoza, Process Server, Metropolitan Trial Court, Branch 62, Makati City, is hereby REPRIMANDED for his willful failure to pay his just debts, which amounts to conduct unbecoming a court employee. The commission of the same or similar acts in the future will be dealt with more severely.

    SO ORDERED.

    Quisumbing (Acting Chairman), Austria-Martinez, and Callejo, Sr., JJ., concur.

    Puno, (Chairman), J., on official leave.

    Endnotes:


    1 Rollo, pp. 1-9, with Annexes.

    2 A demand letter dated June 17, 2003 is attached to the Complaint-Affidavit as Annex F.

    3 Supra note 1 at 2.

    4 Id. at 11-12.

    5 Ibid.

    6 Supra, note 1 at 13-14.

    7 Id. at 13.

    8 Id. at 16-17.

    9 Section 46 (b) (22), Chapter 7, Subtitle A (Civil Service Commission), Title I, Book V, Revised Administrative Code of 1987.

    10 Sec. 23. Administrative offenses with its corresponding penalties are classified into grave, less grave, and light, depending on the gravity of its nature and effects of said acts on the government service.

    xxx

    The following are light offenses with their corresponding penalties:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    xxx

    (i) Willful failure to pay just debts <1st Offense, Reprimand; 2nd Offense, Suspension for one (1) to thirty (30) days; 3rd Offense, Dismissal>chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    The term just debts shall apply only to:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    1.claims adjudicated by a court of law, or

    2.claims the existence and justness of which are admitted by the debtor.

    xxx.Sec. 23, Rule XIV of the Omnibus Rules implementing Book V of the Revised Administrative Code.

    11 Martinezv. Muoz, A.M. No. P-94-1006, October 6, 1995, 249 SCRA 14, citing Flores v. Tatad, 96 SCRA 676.

    12 Ibid.

    Reliways Inc v. Grantoza : AM P-04-1812 : May 28, 2004 : J. Tinga :
Second Division : Resolution


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