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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
January-2009 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.C. No. 7027 - TANU REDDI v. ATTY. DIOSDADO C. SERBIO, JR.

  • A.C. No. 7024 - OFELIA R. SOMOSOT v. ATTY. GERARDO F. LARA

  • A.C. No. 7860 - AVELINO O. ANGELES, ET AL. v. ATTY. AMADO O. IBANEZ

  • A.C. No. 7861 CBD Case No. 06-1829 - WILHELMINA C. VIRGO v. ATTY. OLIVER V. AMORIN

  • A.M. No. 2007-15-SC - RE: EMPLOYEES INCURRING HABITUAL IN THE 1ST SEM OF 2007: MS. MARIVIC C. AZURIN, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-07-1676 - AUREO G. BAYAGA v. JUDGE TRANQUILINO V. RAMOS

  • A.M. No. MTJ-06-1620 - INITIAL REPORT ON THE FINANCIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED AT THE OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT

  • A.M. No. MTJ-09-1729 - Noryn S. Tan v. Judge Maria Clarita casuga-Tabin etc.

  • A.M. No. P-06-2251 - Cecilia T. Faelnar v. Felicidad Dadivas Palabrica etc.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-08-2126 Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 08-2896-RTJ - Atty. Ernesto A. Tabujara III v. Judge Fatima Gonzales-Asdala

  • G.R. No. 122846 - WHITE LIGHT CORPORATION, ET AL. v. CITY OF MANILA ETC.

  • G.R. No. 127965 - Francisco Salazar v. Reynaldo De Leon etc.

  • G.R. No. 142309 - JUAN DELA RAMA, ET AL. v. OSCAR PAPA AND AMEURFINA PAPA

  • G.R. No. 143573 - ADORACION ROSALES RUFLOE, ET AL. v. LEONARDA BURGOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146428 - HEIRS OF THE DECEASED CARMEN CRUZ-ZAMORA v. MULTIWOOD INTERNATIONAL, INC.

  • G.R. No. 149660 - MARANAW HOTELS AND RESORT CORP. v. CA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150592 - Philippine Airlines, Inc. v. CA, et al.

  • G.R. No. 152923 - NORTHEASTERN COLLEGE TEACHERS AND EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION, represented by LESLIE GUMARANG v. NORTHEASTERN COLLEGE, INC.

  • G.R. No. 153192 - DEALCO FARMS, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155076 - LUIS MARCOS P. LAUREL v. HON. ZEUS C. ABROGAR ETC. ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 158539 - INDUSTRIAL & TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT,INC.and/or RAYMOND JARINA, Petitioners, v. TOMAS TUGADE and CRESENCIO TUGADE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 159284 - HEIRS OF BERNARDO ULEP AND DOLORES ULEP ETC. v. SPOUSES CRSITOBAL DUCAT AND FLORA KIONG

  • G.R. No. 159740 - METROPOLITAN WATERWORKS AND SEWERAGE SYSTEM v. ESM TRADING CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 161237 - PERFECTO MACABABBAD, JR. v. FERNANDO G. MASIRAG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161615 - ARNULFO O. ENDICO v. QUANTUM FOODS DISTRIBUTION CENTER

  • G.R. No. 163178 - HILARIO P. SORIANO v. OMBUDSMAN SIMEON V. MARCELO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163586 - SHARON CASTRO v. HON. MERLIN DELORIA ETC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164024 - LUIS B. MANESE, ET AL. v. SPOUSES DIOSCORO VELASCO AND GLICERIA SULIT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164032 CONTENT="Philippine Jurisprudence - LOLITA A. LOPEZ, JOSECITO M. DE LA VEGA, MANUEL ANTIOQUIA ELMER G. HILAUS, LUCIA B. MONTEMAYOR, CAROLINA ESPIRITU, LEONARDO FORTE, HELEN NATIVIDAD, ROGER C. OBINSA, CARLOS C. ASILO, JR., RICARDO FROND

  • G.R. No. 164804 and G.R. NO. 164784 - VIRGINIA A. SUGUE, ET AL. v. TRIUMPH E. REVILLA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 164856 - JUANITO A. GARCIA, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC.

  • G.R. No. 165547

  • G.R. No. 165571 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, ET AL. v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 165924 : January 19, 2009 - RESTY JUMAQUIO, v. HON. JOSELITO C. VILLAROSA, in his capacity as Presiding Judge of San Jose City Regional Trial Court, Branch 39.

  • G.R. No. 166386 - DOMINGA RUIZ, ET AL. v. CRIRILA DELOS SANTOS

  • G.R. No. 166387 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. ENRON SUBIC POWERCORPORATION

  • G.R. NO. 167426 : January 12, 2009 - CHRIS GARMENTS CORPORATION, v. HON. PATRICIA A. STO. TOMAS and CHRIS GARMENTS WORKERS UNION-PTGWO LOCAL CHAPTER No. 832.

  • G.R. No. 167884 - ENRICO S. EULOGIO v. SPOUSES CLEMENTE AND LUZ APELES

  • G.R. No. 168139 - Ferdinand S. Agustin v. Sps. Mariano and Presentacion Delos Santos

  • G.R. No. 168437 - LAURINIO GOMA and NATALIO UMALE v. THE COURT OF APPEALS, PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, and SANGGUNIAN MEMBER MANUEL G. TORRALBA.

  • G.R. No. 169338 - NEW BIAN COMMERCIAL, INC. ETC. v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 169472 - Francisco Landicho, et al. v. Felix Sia

  • G.R. No. 169565 - THE COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. UNITED INTERNATIONAL PICTURES, AB

  • G.R. No. 169712 - MA. WENELITA S. TIRAZONA v. PHIL. EDS TECHNO-SERVICE, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 169956 - SPOUSES JONEL PADILLA and SARAH PADILLA v. ISAURO A. VELASCO, TEODORA A. VELASCO, DELIA A. VELASCO, VALERIANO A. VELASCO, JR., IDA A. VELASCO, AMELITA C. VELASCO, ERIBERTO C. VELASCO, JR., and CELIA C. VELASCO

  • G.R. No. 169970 - PROTACIO VICENTE, ET AL. v. DELIA SOLEDED AVERA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170008 - DUTCH BOY PHILIPPINES, INC. v. RONALD SENIEL substituted by Ligaya Quimpo and CESARIO SENIEL substituted by Edelmira P. Seniel

  • G.R. No. 170147 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES REPRESENTED BY THE PHILIPPINES ECONOMIC ZONE AUTHORITY v. SPOUSES AGUSTIN AND IMELDA CANCIO

  • G.R. No. 170318 - JOSEPH REMENTIZO v. HEIRS OF PELAGIA VDA. DE MADARIETA

  • G.R. No. 170427 - ROBERTO R. DAVID v. JUDGE CARMELITA S. GUTIERREZ-FRUELDA, ETC. ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170574 - PHILIPPINES BANKING CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. 170609-13 - BERNIE G. MIAQUE v. HON. VIRGILIO M. PATAG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170745 - GERARDA A. DIZON-ABILLA, ET AL. v. SPS. CARLOS AND THERESITA GOBONSENG

  • G.R. No. 170901 - DAVAO ORIENTAL ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC. v. THE PROVINCE OF DAVAO ORIENTAL

  • G.R. No. 170923 - Sulo sa Nayon, Inc. and/or Philippine Village Hotel, Inc. et al. v. Nayong Filipino Foundation

  • G.R. No. 170984 - SECURITY BANK AND TRUST COMPANY v. RIZAL COMMERCIAL

  • G.R. No. 171470 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION v. CENTRAL BOARD OF ASSESSMENT APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 171531 - GUARANTEED HOMES, INC. v. HEIRS OF MARIA P. VALDEZ, ET AL.

  • G. R. No. 172326 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALFREDO PASCUAL Y ILDEFONSO

  • G.R. No. 172670 - RBC Cable Master System and/or Evelyn Cinense v. Marcial Baluyot

  • G.R. No. 173226 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MANUEL O. GALLEGO, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 173227 - SEBASTIAN SIGA-AN v. ALICIA VILLLANUEVA

  • G.R. No. 174290/G.R. No. 176116 - ST. MARY OF THE WOODS SCHOOL, INC., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE REGISTRY OF DEEDS OF MAKATI CITY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 174372 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ELPIDIO ANTONIO

  • G.R. No. 174621 - LA UNION CEMENT WORKERS UNION, ET AL. v. NLRC & BACNOTAN CEMENT CORPORATION (NOW HOLCIM PHILIPPINES INC.)

  • G.R. No. 174975 - LUISA KHO MONTANER, ET AL. v. SHARI'A DISTRICT COURT, ETC. ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 175229 - People of the Philippines v. Grace Calimon, et al.

  • G.R. No. 175769-70 - ABS-CBN BROADCASTING CORPORATION v. PHILIPPINE MULTI-MEDIA SYSTEM, INC., CESAR G. REYES, FRANCIS CHUA (ANG BIAO), MANUEL F. ABELLADA, RAUL B. DE MESA, AND ALOYSIUS M. COLAYCO

  • G.R. No. 175836 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RUBEN CORPUZ Y SIMON

  • G.R. No. 176127 - RODOMEIL J. DOMINGO v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, KATHRYN JOY B. PAGUIO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 176151 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. LOURDES ORTIZ DARISAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 176768 - GOLDEN (ILOILO) DELTA SALES CORPORATION v. PRE-STRESS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, ZE ON SETIAS and JERRY JARDIOLIN

  • G.R. No. 177026 - LUNESA O. LANSANGAN, ET AL. v. AMKOR TECHNOLOGY PHILIS., INC.

  • G.R. No. 177607 - Land Bank fo the Philippines v. Pacita Multi-Purpose Cooperative, Inc. etc.

  • G.R. No. 177960 - JEFFREY RESO DAYAP v. PRETZY-LOU P. SENDIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 178104 - AUTO PROMINENCE CORPORATION, ET AL. v. PROF. DR. MARTIN WINTERKORN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 178242 - HEIRS OF NORBERTO J. QUISUMBING v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 178309 - AKLAN COLLEGE, INC. v. PERPETUO ENERO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 178524 - Panfilo Macasero v. Southern Industrial Gases Philippines and/or Neil LIndsay

  • G.R. No. 178645 - LINA PENALBER v. QUIRINO RAMOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 178799 - FIRST UNITED CONSTRUCTORS CORPORATION v. PORO POINT MANAGEMENT CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 179190 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALBERTO L. MAHINAY

  • G.R. No. 179880 - ROBERTO TOTANES v. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 179892-93 - ATTY. VICTORIANO V. OROCIO v. EDMUND P. ANGULUAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 180088 - MANUEL B. JAPZON v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 180853 - MANICAM M. BACSASAR v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

  • G.R. No. 181037 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SAIDAMEN MACATINGAG Y NAMRI ALIAS "SAI"

  • G.R. No. 181480 - JOSEFINA CADA v. TIME SAVER LAUNDRY/LESLIE PEREZ

  • G.R. No. 181642 - RUFINO S. CAMUTIN, ET AL. v. SPS. NORBERTO POTENTE AND PASCUALA POTENTE

  • G.R. No. 181790 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES v. GREGORIO CAPULONG

  • G.R. No. 182088 - ROBERTO L. DIZON v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 182518 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MUHAMMAD ABDULAH ETC.

  • G.R. No. 182549 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SERGIO LAGARDE

  • G.R. No. 182570 - ROMEO N. VENTURA v. CA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 182750 - RODEL URBANO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 183373 - GILDA C. ULEP v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 183567 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. AVELINO DELA PENA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 183703 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. FERNANDO SAMENIANO

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 169970 - PROTACIO VICENTE, ET AL. v. DELIA SOLEDED AVERA, ET AL.

      G.R. No. 169970 - PROTACIO VICENTE, ET AL. v. DELIA SOLEDED AVERA, ET AL.

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. no. 169970 : January 20, 2009]

    PROTACIO VICENTE AND DOMINGA VICENTE, represented by Rondolf Vicente, Petitioners, v. DELIA SOLEDAD AVERA and RONBERTO VALINO, Sheriff IV, Regional Trial Court, Branch 70, Pasig City, Respondents.

    D E C I S I O N

    PUNO, C.J.:

    This Petition for Review on Certiorari seeks to set aside the Decision1 and Resolution2 of the Court of Appeals (CA), dated June 16, 2005 and October 4, 2005 respectively, in CA-G.R. CV No. 79327, which reversed the Decision3 of the Regional Trial Court (RTC), Branch 208, Mandaluyong City, dated March 30, 2003.

    Jovencio Rebuquiao was the registered owner of the property in dispute, then covered by Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT) No. 34351.4 On October 1, 1987, Rebuquiao executed a Deed of Absolute Sale in favor of petitioners, spouses Protacio Vicente and Dominga Vicente, over the property in dispute.5 Respondent Delia Soledad Avera alleges that on October 9, 1987, Jose Rebuquiao, pursuant to a Special Power of Attorney granted to him by Jovencio Rebuquiao, executed a Deed of Absolute Sale with Assumption of Mortgage in favor of Roberto Domingo, Avera's spouse at the time, and herself.6

    On May 29, 1991, Avera filed a Petition for Declaration of Nullity of Marriage before the RTC, Branch 70, Pasig City, entitled "Delia Soledad Domingo, etc. v. Roberto Domingo" and docketed as JDRC Case No. 1989-J (JDRC case).7 In this case, Avera asserted exclusive ownership over the property in dispute.8 On January 23, 1992, a notice of lis pendens was inscribed on TCT No. 34351, pertaining to the JDRC case pending at the time.9

    Since 1997, petitioners possessed the property in dispute.10 On July 22, 1998, TCT No. 34351 was cancelled, and in lieu thereof, the Registry of Deeds issued petitioners TCT No. 14216 for the property in dispute, on the basis of the deed of sale executed on October 1, 1987.11 The notice of lis pendens was carried over to TCT No. 14216.12

    On November 28, 1994, the RTC, Branch 70, Pasig City, rendered a Decision in the JDRC case, declaring the marriage of Avera and Domingo void and ordering the property acquired during their cohabitation to be put in the custody of Avera, including the property in dispute.13 After the decision in the JDRC case became final and executory, the RTC, Branch 70, Pasig City, issued a Writ of Execution.14 On June 13, 2001, the same trial court issued an Alias Writ of Execution, which reads:

    Movant declared in her motion that the said property is now registered in the name of another person, namely, Protacio Vicente, under TCT No. 14216 of the Register of Deeds of Mandaluyong City. It appearing, however, that the transfer was made notwithstanding the annotation thereon of the notice of lis pendens that the same property is the subject of the instant case, it can still be the subject of a writ of execution to satisfy the judgment in favor of herein petitioner.

    WHEREFORE, let an alias writ of execution be issued over Transfer Certificate of Title No. 34351, now covered by TCT No. 14216 of the Register of Deeds of Mandaluyong City.ςηαñrοblεš νιr υαl lαω lιbrαrÿ

    SO ORDERED.15

    Pursuant to the Alias Writ of Execution, respondent Ronberto Valino, in his capacity as Sheriff IV of the RTC, Branch 70, Pasig City, served a Notice to Vacate dated August 15, 2001, on petitioners.16 On August 17, 2001, petitioners filed an Affidavit of Third Party Claim before the RTC, Branch 70, Pasig City.17

    On August 22, 2001, petitioners filed a Complaint for Injunction with Prayer for a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) before the RTC, Branch 208, Mandaluyong City, to enjoin Sheriff Valino from implementing the alias writ of execution.18 On September 4, 2001, the trial court issued a TRO19 and, on May 29, 2002, a Writ of Preliminary Injunction, enjoining respondents from enforcing the notice to vacate.20 On March 30, 2003, it rendered a decision, the dispositive portion of which reads:

    WHEREFORE, judgment is hereby rendered making the writ of preliminary injunction PERMANENT.

    Defendants' counterclaims are hereby dismissed for lack of merit.

    SO ORDERED.21

    It held that petitioners were entitled to permanent injunction considering the following: (1) it is undisputed that petitioners are the registered owners of the subject property, which certificate of title confers upon them conclusive ownership of the property; and (2) the writ of execution issued in the JDRC case could only be issued against a party to the action, and thus not to the petitioners.22

    On appeal, the CA reversed and set aside the decision of the RTC, Branch 208, Mandaluyong City.23 The CA held that petitioners are bound by the outcome of the JDRC case, because the annotation of the notice of lis pendens (January 23, 1992) was ahead of petitioners' registration of the deed of sale executed on October 1, 1987 (July 22, 1998).24 Petitioners filed a Motion for Reconsideration, which the CA denied.25

    Petitioners raise the following issues before this Court:

    I

    The CA erred in ordering the dismissal of the complaint for injunction despite the fact that the Petitioners are the registered owners of the property and as such cannot be evicted out therefrom unless:

    A. the sale from which they based their acquisition is declared void.

    B. the title issued in their names based on the Deed of Sale is likewise declared void.

    II

    The CA erred in dismissing the complaint because in so doing, it made an implied recognition that a real property titled under the torrens system may be attacked collaterally in contravention of law and established jurisprudence[.]

    III

    The CA erred in concluding that the Petitioners are bound by the lis pendens it being clear that the property was acquired long before the lis pendens was annotated. Petitioners' (sic) became owners of the property on October 1, 1987 and not on July 20, 1998 when their ownership was merely confirmed by the title issued by the Office of the Register of Deeds.

    Petitioners maintain that as the registered owners and actual possessors of the property in dispute, they are entitled to a writ of injunction that will prevent the implementation of the writ of execution corresponding to the JDRC case.

    Respondents assert that petitioners are not entitled to the writ of injunction, because the petitioners are subject to the outcome of the JDRC case and thus the implementation of the writ of execution due to the notice of lis pendens annotated on their TCT. They further allege: (1) that there was no sale by Rebuquiao in favor of petitioners on October 1, 1987; and (2) if there was a sale, the same happened in 1997, the year petitioners registered the deed of sale executed in their favor.26

    The core issue in the case at bar is whether injunction lies in favor of the petitioners to prevent the respondents from interfering in the exercise of their rights over the property in dispute.

    We find merit in the petition.

    Injunction, as a preservative remedy, aims to protect substantive rights and interests.27 To be entitled to a writ of injunction, the complainant must establish the following requisites: (1) there must be a right in esse or the existence of a right to be protected; and (2) the act against which injunction is to be directed is a violation of such right.28 The grant of the writ is conditioned on the existence of the complainant's clear legal right, which means one clearly founded in or granted by law or is "enforceable as a matter of law."29

    As the registered owners and actual possessors of the property in question, petitioners have a clear legal right to the property in dispute. Section 51 of Presidential Decree (P.D.) No. 1529 provides that registration is the operative act that conveys or affects registered land as against third persons.30 Thus, a TCT is the best proof of ownership of land.31 In the case at bar, it is undisputed that petitioners are the registered owners and actual possessors of the subject property. Moreover, as the registered owners, petitioners have the right to the possession of the property, which is one of the attributes of ownership.32

    It was erroneous for respondents to assail the deed of sale executed on October 1, 1987 in favor of petitioners, because this constitutes a collateral attack on petitioners' TCT. Section 48 of P.D. No. 1529 prohibits a collateral attack on a Torrens title.33 This Court has held that a petition which, in effect, questioned the validity of a deed of sale for registered land constitutes a collateral attack on a certificate of title.34 In the case at bar, respondents' allegation, that the deed of sale executed on October 1, 1987 in favor of petitioners does not exist, clearly constitutes a collateral attack on a certificate of title. The allegation of the inexistence of the deed of sale in effect attacks the validity of the TCT issued in the petitioners' names.

    Petitioners' title to the property in dispute is not subject to the outcome of the litigation covered by the notice of lis pendens annotated on January 23, 1992. Section 24, Rule 14 of the 1964 Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a purchaser of the property affected by the notice of lis pendens is deemed to have constructive notice of the pendency of the action only from the time of filing such notice.35 Section 14, Rule 13 of the 1997

    Rules of Civil Procedure reiterates this rule.36 Thus, a notice of lis pendens affects a transferee pendente lite, who by virtue of the notice, is bound by any judgment, which may be rendered for or against the transferor, and his title is subject to the results of the pending litigation.37

    A notice of lis pendens neither affects the merits of a case nor creates a right or a lien.38 It serves to protect the real rights of the registrant while the case involving such rights is pending resolution.39 While the notice of lis pendens remains on a certificate of title, the registrant could rest secure that he would not lose the property or any part of it during the litigation.40 Once a notice of lis pendens has been duly registered, any subsequent transaction affecting the land involved would have to be subject to the outcome of the litigation. For this reason, the Court has pronounced that a "purchaser who buys registered land with full notice of the fact that it is in litigation between the vendor and a third party stands in the shoes of his vendor and his title is subject to the incidents and result of the pending litigation."41

    In the case at bar, the notice of lis pendens does not affect petitioners' title to the property in dispute. A notice of lis pendens concerns litigation between a transferor and a third party, where the transferee who acquires land with a notice of lis pendens annotated on the corresponding certificate of title stands in the shoes of his predecessor and in which case the transferee's title is subject to the results of the pending litigation. The notice of lis pendens does not concern litigation involving Rebuquiao, who transferred his title to the property in dispute to petitioners, and his title. The notice of lis pendens pertains to the JDRC case, an action for nullity of the marriage between Avera and Domingo. Since Rebuquiao's title to the property in dispute is not subject to the results of the JDRC case, petitioners' title to the same property is also not subject to the results of the JDRC case.

    To determine whether the second requisite for granting a writ of injunction exists, that the act against which injunction is to be directed is a violation of the complainant's right, we must examine the implications regarding the implementation of the writ of execution over TCT No. 14216. Pursuant to this writ of execution, Sheriff Valino served petitioners with a notice to vacate.

    If allowed to be carried out, the act against which the injunction is directed, the implementation of the writ of execution, would violate petitioners' rights as the registered owners and actual possessors of the property in dispute. The registered owner has the right to possess and enjoy his property, without any limitations other than those imposed by law.42 The implementation of the writ of execution would unduly deprive petitioners, as the registered owners, of their right to possess the subject property, which is one of the attributes of ownership.43

    We must stress that until petitioners' title is annulled in a proper proceeding, Avera has no enforceable right over the property in dispute. At this point, petitioners' possession of the subject property must be respected. Since Avera failed to prove her indubitable right over the subject property, we rule that petitioners possess a clear and unmistakable right over the property in dispute that requires the issuance of a writ of injunction to prevent any damage to their interests as registered owners.

    IN VIEW WHEREOF, the petition is GRANTED. The Decision and Resolution of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CV No. 79327, dated June 16, 2005 and October 4, 2005 respectively, are REVERSED and SET ASIDE.

    SO ORDERED.


    Endnotes:


    1 Rollo, pp. 41-50.

    2 Id. at 51.

    3 Id. at 64-72.

    4 Id. at 41.

    5 Id. at 64.

    6 Id. at 42, 67.

    7 Id. at 42.

    8 Id.

    9 Id.

    10 Id. at 68.

    11 Id. at 43.

    12 Id.

    13 Records, Vol. 1, pp. 377-385.

    14 Id. at 398.

    15 Id. at 399.

    16 Rollo, pp. 43-44.

    17 Records, Vol. 1, pp. 50-51.

    18 Rollo, p. 15.

    19 Id. at 44.

    20 Records, Vol. 2, p. 553.

    21 Rollo, p. 72.

    22 Id. at 70.

    23 Id. at 50.

    24 Id. at 49.

    25 Id. at 51.

    26 Id. at 110-114.

    27 Idolor v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 141853, February 7, 2001, 351 SCRA 399, 405.

    28 Borbajo v. Hidden View Homeowners, Inc., G.R. No. 152440, January 31, 2005, 450 SCRA 315, 326-327.

    29 Boncodin v. National Power Corporation Employees Consolidated Union, G.R. No. 162716, September 27, 2006, 503 SCRA 611, 623.

    30 This provision provides:

    SECTION 51. Conveyance and other dealings by registered owner. - An owner of registered land may convey, mortgage, lease, charge or otherwise deal with the same in accordance with existing laws. He may use such forms of deeds, mortgages, leases or other voluntary instruments as are sufficient in law. But no deed, mortgage, lease, or other voluntary instrument, except a will purporting to convey or affect registered land shall take effect as a conveyance or bind the land, but shall operate only as a contract between the parties and as evidence of authority to the Register of Deeds to make registration.

    The act of registration shall be the operative act to convey or affect the land insofar as third persons are concerned, and in all cases under this Decree, the registration shall be made in the office of the Register of Deeds for the province or city where the land lies.

    31 Lee Tek Sheng v. Court of Appeals, 354 Phil. 556, 561 (1998).

    32 Miranda v. Besa, G.R. No. 146513, July 30, 2004, 435 SCRA 532, 540.

    33 This provision provides:

    SECTION 48. Certificate not subject to collateral attack. - A certificate of title shall not be subject to collateral attack. It cannot be altered, modified, or cancelled except in a direct proceeding in accordance with law.

    34 Zaragoza v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 106401, September 29, 2000, 341 SCRA 309, 316-317.

    35 This provision provides:

    SECTION 24. Notice of lis pendens. - In an action affecting the title or the right of possession of real property, the plaintiff, at the time of filing the complaint, and the defendant, at the time of filing his answer, when affirmative relief is claimed in such answer, or at any time afterwards, may record in the office of the registrar of deeds of the province in which the property is situated a notice of the pendency of the action, containing the names of the parties and the object of the action or defense, and a description of the property in that province affected thereby. From the time only of filing such notice for record shall a purchaser, or incumbrancer of the property affected thereby, be deemed to have constructive notice of the pendency of the action, and only of its pendency against parties designated by their real names. (Emphasis supplied)cralawlibrary

    The notice of lis pendens hereinabove mentioned may be cancelled only upon order of the court, after proper showing that the notice is for the purpose of molesting the adverse party, or that it is not necessary to protect the rights of the party who caused it to be recorded.

    36 This provision provides:

    SECTION 14. Notice of lis pendens. - In an action affecting the title or the right of possession of real property, the plaintiff and the defendant, when affirmative relief is claimed in his answer, may record in the office of the registry of deeds of the province in which the property is situated a notice of the pendency of the action. Said notice shall contain the names of the parties and the object of the action or defense, and a description of the property in that province affected thereby. Only from the time of filing such notice for record shall a purchaser, or encumbrancer of the property affected thereby, be deemed to have constructive notice of the pendency of the action, and only of its pendency against the parties designated by their real names. (Emphasis supplied)cralawlibrary

    The notice of lis pendens hereinabove mentioned may be cancelled only upon order of the court, after proper showing that the notice is for the purpose of molesting the adverse party, or that it is not necessary to protect the rights of the party who caused it to be recorded.

    37 Yu v. Court of Appeals, 321 Phil. 897, 902-903 (1995).

    38 Romero v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 142406, May 16, 2005, 458 SCRA 483, 495.

    39 Po Lam v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 116220, December 6, 2000, 347 SCRA 86, 96.

    40 Id.

    41 Carrascoso, Jr. v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 123672, December 14, 2005, 477 SCRA 666, 692-693.

    42 Heirs of Rosendo Sevilla Florencio v. Heirs of Teresa Sevilla De Leon, G.R. No. 149570, March 12, 2004, 425 SCRA 447, 460.

    43 Miranda v. Besa, supra note 32.

    G.R. No. 169970 - PROTACIO VICENTE, ET AL. v. DELIA SOLEDED AVERA, ET AL.


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