ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™  
Main Index Law Library Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Jurisprudence
 

 
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 









 

 
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-2010 Jurisprudence                 

  • [G.R. No. 186419 : April 23, 2010] THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. DARLENE QUIGOD Y MIRANDA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 188105 : April 23, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. MONICO DE CHAVEZ Y PERLAS, JUANITO MIƑON Y RODRIGUEZ, AND ASUNCION MERCADO Y MARCIANO, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186382 : April 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. DOMINGO PANITERCE, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 183788 : April 05, 2010] KRIZIA KATRINA TY-DE ZUZUARREGUI, PETITIONER, VS. THE HON. JOSELITO C. VILLAROSA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF BRANCH 66 OF THE RTC OF MAKATI CITY, AND FANNIE TORRES-TY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 151215 : April 05, 2010] PCI LEASING AND FINANCE, INC., PETITIONER, VS. ANTONIO C. MILAN, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE OF "A. MILAN TRADING," AND LAURA M. MILAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 161368 : April 05, 2010] MEDISERV, INC., PETITIONER, VS. COURT OF APPEALS (SPECIAL FORMER 13TH DIVISION) AND LANDHEIGHTS DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 176634 : April 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ROMEO MIRANDA Y MICHAEL, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 177740 : April 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ROMULO GARCIA Y MACEDA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 178063 [Formerly G.R. No. 149894] : April 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. TIRSO SACE Y MONTOYA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 182114 : April 05, 2010] GENESIS TRANSPORT SERVICE, INC. AND RELY L. JALBUNA, PETITIONERS, VS. UNYON NG MALAYANG MANGGAGAWA NG GENESIS TRANSPORT (UMMGT), AND JUAN TAROY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183383 : April 05, 2010] ANABEL BENJAMIN AND RENATO CONSOLACION, PETITIONERS, VS. AMELLAR CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-06-2025 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 06-2472-RTJ) : April 05, 2010] CECILIA GADRINAB SENARLO, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE MAXIMO G.W. PADERANGA, RTC, BRANCH 38, CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 157449 : April 06, 2010] NEMESIO GOCO, LYDIA G. FABIAN, NATALIA BROTONEL, FLORA GAYOSO, BLEMIE SORIANO, ELPIDIA NAVALES, SERGIO ROMASANTA, CATALINA NAMIS AND NANCY PAMATIGA, REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEYS-IN-FACT, LYDIA G. FABIAN, ELPIDIA NAVALES AND NATALIA BROTONEL, PETITIONERS, VS. HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ATTY. HICOBLINO CATLY, LOURDES CATLY AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS, CALAPAN CITY, ORIENTAL MINDORO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 175040 : April 06, 2010] FRANCIS RAY TALAM, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, 4TH DIVISION, CEBU CITY, THE SOFTWARE FACTORY, INC. AND/OR TERESA GRAPILON, OFFICE MANAGER, AND WOLFGANG HERMLE, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 185849 : April 07, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JONJIE ESOY Y HUNGOY, ROLANDO CIANO Y SOLEDAD AND ROGER BOLALACAO Y DADIVAS, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • G.R. No. 187005 : April 07, 2010] FERDINAND A. PANGILINAN, PETITIONER, VS. WELLMADE MANUFACTURING CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183628 : April 07, 2010] DANIEL T. SO, PETITIONER, VS. FOOD FEST LAND, INC. RESPONDENT [G.R. NO. 183670] FOOD FEST LAND, INC., PETITIONER, VS. DANIEL T. SO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179781 : April 07, 2010] SPOUSES BASILIO AND NORMA HILAGA, PETITIONERS, VS. RURAL BANK OF ISULAN (COTABATO, INC., AS REPRESENTED BY ITS MANAGER), RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 177878 : April 07, 2010] SPO1 LEONITO ACUZAR, PETITIONER, VS. APRONIANO JOROLAN AND HON. EDUARDO A. APRESA, PEOPLE'S LAW ENFORCEMENT BOARD (PLEB) CHAIRMAN, NEW CORELLA, DAVAO DEL NORTE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 161838 : April 07, 2010] REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY DANTE QUINDOZA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS ZONE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE BATAAN ECONOMIC ZONE, PETITIONER, VS. COALBRINE INTERNATIONAL PHILIPPINES, INC. AND SHEILA F. NERI, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167766 : April 07, 2010] ENGR. CARLITO PENTECOSTES, JR., PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 187958, 187961 : and 187962, April 07, 2010] MAYOR ABRAHAM N. TOLENTINO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, JOCELYN RICARDO, ARNEL TARUC, MARLENE CATAN, MARIA THERESA MENDOZA COSTA, FIDELA ROFOLS CASTILLO, DOMINADOR BASSI, ROBERTO MALABANAN HERNANDEZ, NERISSA MANZANO, LEONIDEZ MAGLABE HERNANDEZ, TAGUMPAY REYES, AND ELINO FAJARDO RESPONDENTS. [G.R. Nos. 187966, 187967, and 187968] VICE-MAYOR CELSO P. DE CASTRO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND ARNEL TARUC, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. Nos. 189431 & 191120 : April 07, 2010] MAYOR QUINTIN B. SALUDAGA, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND ARTEMIO BALAG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 189793 : April 07, 2010] SENATOR BENIGNO SIMEON C. AQUINO III AND MAYOR JESSE ROBREDO, PETITIONERS, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRMAN JOSE A.R. MELO AND ITS COMMISSIONERS, RENE V. SARMIENTO, NICODEMO T. FERRER, LUCENITO N. TAGLE, ARMANDO VELASCO, ELIAS R. YUSOPH AND GREGORIO LARRAZABAL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. MTJ-04-1558 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 04-1594-MTJ) : April 07, 2010] RE: ANONYMOUS LETTER-COMPLAINT AGAINST HON. MARILOU RUNES- TAMANG, PRESIDING JUDGE, METC PATEROS, METRO MANILA AND PRESIDING JUDGE, METC SAN JUAN, METRO MANILA,

  • [A.M. No. P-07-2338 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 06-2440-P) : April 07, 2010] JONATHAN* A. REBONG, COMPLAINANT, VS. ELIZABETH R. TENGCO, CLERK OF COURT, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, STA. CRUZ, LAGUNA, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-07-2409 : April 07, 2010] RUFINA CHUA, COMPLAINANT, VS. ELEANOR A. SORIO, CLERK OF COURT, METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 57, SAN JUAN CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-09-2196 [Formerly A.M. No. 00-1052-RTJ] : April 07, 2010] MARIA PANCHO, DAVID GAYOTIN, LORETO GRAN AND MARINA GRAN, COMPLAINANTS, VS. JUDGE JOSE Y. AGUIRRE, JR., REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 56, HIMAMAYLAN, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 186450 : April 08, 2010] NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES BOARD (NWRB), PETITIONER, VS. A. L. ANG NETWORK, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 170289 : April 08, 2010] ROSIE QUIDET, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 190582 : April 08, 2010] ANG LADLAD LGBT PARTY REPRESENTED HEREIN BY ITS CHAIR, DANTON REMOTO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 184179 : April 12, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JULIAN PAJES Y OPONDA AND MIGUEL PAGHUNASAN Y URBANO, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180542 : April 12, 2010] HUBERT NUƑEZ, PETITIONER, VS. SLTEAS PHOENIX SOLUTIONS, INC., THROUGH ITS REPRESENTATIVE, CESAR SYLIANTENG RESPONDENT,

  • [G.R. No. 183572 : April 13, 2010] YOLANDA M. MERCADO, CHARITO S. DE LEON, DIANA R. LACHICA, MARGARITO M. ALBA, JR., AND FELIX A. TONOG, PETITIONERS, VS. AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE-PARAƑAQUE CITY, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 152016 : April 13, 2010] NARCISO TUMIBAY,* RUPERTO TUMIBAY, ELENA TUMIBAY, EDUARDO TUMIBAY, CORAZON TUMIBAY, MANUELA SEVERINO VDA. DE PERIDA AND GREGORIA DELA CRUZ, PETITIONERS, VS. SPS. YOLANDA T. SORO AND HONORIO SORO, SPS. JULITA T. STA. ANA AND FELICISIMO STA. ANA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 165155 : April 13, 2010] REGIONAL AGRARIAN REFORM ADJUDICATION BOARD, OFFICE OF THE REGIONAL ADJUDICATOR, SAN FERNANDO, PAMPANGA, CECILIA MANIEGO, JOSE BAUTISTA, ELIZA PACHECO, JUANITO FAJARDO, MARIO PACHECO, MARIANO MANANGHAYA AS HEIR OF ANTONIO MANANGHAYA, MARCIANO NATIVIDAD, ROBERTO BERNARDO IN HIS PERSONAL CAPACITY AND AS HEIR OF PEDRO BERNARDO, EDILBERTO NATIVIDAD, AS HEIR OF ISMAEL NATIVIDAD, JEFFREY DIAZ AS HEIR OF JOVITA R. DIAZ, RODOLFO DIMAAPI, ALBERTO ENRIQUEZ, BENIGNO CABINGAO, MARIO GALVEZ, DELFIN SACDALAN, AS HEIR OF AVELINO SANTOS, PETITIONERS,[1] VS. COURT OF APPEALS, VERONICA R. GONZALES, DEOGRACIAS REYES, LEONARDO REYES, ISABELITA BALATBAT, MANUELA REYES, WILHELMINA ALMERO, ARTURO REYES, EPIFANIO REYES, GLORIA REYES, MARIO REYES, TERESITA BALATBAT, LYDIA BALATBAT, FERNANDO BALATBAT, VICENTE BALATBAT, GILBERTO REYES, RENE REYES, EMILIA DUNGO, BRENDA CANCIO, VICTOR REYES, AND EDGARDO REYES, REPRESENTED BY VERONICA R. GONZALES, FOR HERSELF AND AS ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 177114 : April 13, 2010] MANOLO A. PEƑAFLOR, PETITIONER, VS. OUTDOOR CLOTHING MANUFACTURING CORPORATION, NATHANIEL T. SYFU, PRESIDENT, MEDYLENE M. DEMOGENA, FINANCE MANAGER, AND PAUL LEE, CHAIRMAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187605 : April 13, 2010] TECHNOL EIGHT PHILIPPINES CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND DENNIS AMULAR, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187605 : April 13, 2010] TECHNOL EIGHT PHILIPPINES CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND DENNIS AMULAR, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-08-2158 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 04-2018-RTJ) : April 13, 2010] ALFREDO FAVOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE CESAR O. UNTALAN, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 149, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 186540 : April 14, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. EMELDO "PAMENTOLAN" OBINA, AMADO RAMIREZ, AND CARLITO "MASOC" BALAGBIS, ACCUSED; EMELDO "PAMENTOLAN" OBINA AND AMADO RAMIREZ, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183879 : April 14, 2010] ROSITA SY, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 187483 : April 14, 2010] ARNEL BALARBAR Y BIASORA, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 152234 : April 15, 2010] DIVERSIFIED SECURITY, INC., PETITIONER, VS. ALICIA V. BAUTISTA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 152364 : April 15, 2010] ALEJANDRA S. LAZARO, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND, ISAURO M. LAZARO; LEONCIO D. SANTOS; ADOLFO SANTOS; NENITA S. LACAR; ANGELINA S. SAGLES, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND, ALBERTO SANTOS, JR.; REGINA SANTOS AND FABIAN SANTOS, PETITIONERS, VS. MODESTA AGUSTIN, FILEMON AGUSTIN, VENANCIA AGUSTIN, MARCELINA AGUSTIN, PAUL A. DALALO, NOEL A. DALALO, GREGORIO AGUSTIN AND BIENVENIDO AGUSTIN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168796 : April 15, 2010] SILVINO A. LIGERALDE, PETITIONER, VS. MAY ASCENSION A. PATALINGHUG AND THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173365 : April 15, 2010] JULIO FLORES (DECEASED), SUBSTITUTED BY HIS HEIRS; BENITO FLORES (DECEASED), SUBSTITUTED BY HIS HEIRS; DOLORES FLORES AND VIRGINIA FLORES-DALERE, REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, JIMENA TOMAS, PETITIONERS, VS. MARCIANO BAGAOISAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 184971 : April 19, 2010] LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. MONET'S EXPORT AND MANUFACTURING CORP., VICENTE V. TAGLE, SR. AND MA. CONSUELO G. TAGLE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 165133 : April 19, 2010] SPOUSES JOSELINA ALCANTARA AND ANTONIO ALCANTARA, AND SPOUSES JOSEFINO RUBI AND ANNIE DISTOR-RUBI, PETITIONERS, VS. BRIGIDA L. NIDO, AS ATTORNEY-IN-FACT OF REVELEN N. SRIVASTAVA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 166829 : April 19, 2010] TFS, INCORPORATED, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 170207 : April 19, 2010] VICENTE CAWIS (SUBSTITUTED BY HIS SON, EMILIO CAWIS), PEDRO BACLANGEN, FELIZA DOMILIES, IVAN MANDI-IT A.K.A. IVAN MANDI-IT LUPADIT, DOMINGO CAWIS AND GERARD LIBATIQUE, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. ANTONIO CERILLES, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE DENR SECRETARY, HON. MANUEL GEROCHI, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE DIRECTOR, LANDS, MANAGEMENT BUREAU, AND MA. EDELIZA PERALTA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 170241 : April 19, 2010] PHILIPPINE SAVINGS BANK, PETITIONER, VS. SPOUSES DIONISIO GERONIMO AND CARIDAD GERONIMO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 170483 : April 19, 2010] MANUEL C. BUNGCAYAO, SR., REPRESENTED IN THIS CASE BY HIS ATTORNEY-IN-FACT ROMEL R. BUNGCAYAO, PETITIONER, VS. FORT ILOCANDIA PROPERTY HOLDINGS, AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 170912 : April 19, 2010] ROBERT DINO, PETITIONER, VS. MARIA LUISA JUDAL-LOOT, JOINED BY HER HUSBAND VICENTE LOOT, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 172896 : April 19, 2010] ROƑO SEGURITAN Y JARA, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 175532 : April 19, 2010] ROMEO BASAY, JULIAN LITERAL AND JULIAN ABUEVA, PETITIONERS, VS. HACIENDA CONSOLACION , AND/OR BRUNO BOUFFARD III, JOSE RAMON BOUFFARD, MALOT BOUFFARD, SPOUSES CARMEN AND STEVE BUMANLAG, BERNIE BOUFFARD, ANALYN BOUFFARD, AND DONA BOUFFARD, AS OWNERS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 179935 : April 19, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ROGELIO ASIS Y LACSON, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 149121 : April 20, 2010] NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, PETITIONER, VS. AUGUSTO BASA, JR., LUZ BASA AND EDUARDO S. BASA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 166620 : April 20, 2010] ATTY. SYLVIA BANDA, CONSORICIA O. PENSON, RADITO V. PADRIGANO, JEAN R. DE MESA, LEAH P. DELA CRUZ, ANDY V. MACASAQUIT, SENEN B. CORDOBA, ALBERT BRILLANTES, GLORIA BISDA, JOVITA V. CONCEPCION, TERESITA G. CARVAJAL, ROSANNA T. MALIWANAG, RICHARD ODERON, CECILIA ESTERNON, BENEDICTO CABRAL, MA. VICTORIA E. LAROCO, CESAR ANDRA, FELICISIMO GALACIO, ELSA R. CALMA, FILOMENA A. GALANG, JEAN PAUL MELEGRITO, CLARO G. SANTIAGO, JR., EDUARDO FRIAS, REYNALDO O. ANDAL, NEPHTALIE IMPERIO, RUEL BALAGTAS, VICTOR R. ORTIZ, FRANCISCO P. REYES, JR., ELISEO M. BALAGOT, JR., JOSE C. MONSALVE, JR., ARTURO ADSUARA, F.C. LADRERO, JR., NELSON PADUA, MARCELA C. SAYAO, ANGELITO MALAKAS, GLORIA RAMENTO, JULIANA SUPLEO, MANUEL MENDRIQUE, E. TAYLAN, CARMELA BOBIS, DANILO VARGAS, ROY-LEO C. PABLO, ALLAN VILLANUEVA, VICENTE R. VELASCO, JR., IMELDA ERENO, FLORIZA M. CATIIS, RANIEL R. BASCO, E. JALIJALI, MARIO C. CARAAN, DOLORES M. AVIADO, MICHAEL P. LAPLANA, GUILLERMO G. SORIANO, ALICE E. SOJO, ARTHUR G. NARNE, LETICIA SORIANO, FEDERICO RAMOS, JR., PETERSON CAAMPUED, RODELIO L. GOMEZ, ANTONIO D. GARCIA, JR., ANTONIO GALO, A. SANCHEZ, SOL E. TAMAYO, JOSEPHINE A.M. COCJIN, DAMIAN QUINTO, JR., EDLYN MARIANO, M.A. MALANUM, ALFREDO S. ESTRELLA, AND JESUS MEL SAYO, PETITIONERS, VS. EDUARDO R. ERMITA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINE INFORMATION AGENCY AND THE NATIONAL TREASURER, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169974 : April 20, 2010] SUPERIOR COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. KUNNAN ENTERPRISES LTD. AND SPORTS CONCEPT & DISTRIBUTOR, INC., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 174160 : April 20, 2010] HACIENDA BIGAA, INC., PETITIONER, VS. EPIFANIO V. CHAVEZ (DECEASED), SUBSTITUTED BY SANTIAGO V. CHAVEZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179470 : April 20, 2010] NISSAN NORTH EDSA OPERATING UNDER THE NAME MOTOR CARRIAGE, INC., PETITIONER, VS. UNITED PHILIPPINE SCOUT VETERANS DETECTIVE AND PROTECTIVE AGENCY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 182835 : April 20, 2010] RUSTAN ANG Y PASCUA, PETITIONER, THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS AND IRISH SAGUD, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187742 : April 20, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. CRIZALDO PACHECO Y VILLANUEVA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 188471 : April 20, 2010] FRANCISCO ALONSO, SUBSTITUTED BY MERCEDES V. ALONSO, TOMAS V. ALONSO AND ASUNCION V. ALONSO, PETITIONERS, VS. CEBU COUNTRY CLUB, INC., RESPONDENT, REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR GENERAL, PUBLIC RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 191002 : April 20, 2010] ARTURO M. DE CASTRO, PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC) AND PRESIDENT GLORIA MACAPAGAL - ARROYO, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. No. 191032] JAIME N. SORIANO, PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC), RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 191057] PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION ASSOCIATION (PHILCONSA), PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC), RESPONDENT. [A.M. No. 10-2-5-SC] IN RE APPLICABILITY OF SECTION 15, ARTICLE VII OF THE CONSTITUTION TO APPOINTMENTS TO THE JUDICIARY, ESTELITO P. MENDOZA, PETITIONER, [G.R. No. 191149] JOHN G. PERALTA, PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC). RESPONDENT. PETER IRVING CORVERA; CHRISTIAN ROBERT S. LIM; ALFONSO V. TAN, JR.; NATIONAL UNION OF PEOPLE'S LAWYERS; MARLOU B. UBANO; INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES-DAVAO DEL SUR CHAPTER, REPRESENTED BY ITS IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT, ATTY. ISRAELITO P. TORREON, AND THE LATTER IN HIS OWN PERSONAL CAPACITY AS A MEMBER OF THE PHILIPPINE BAR; MITCHELL JOHN L. BOISER; BAGONG ALYANSANG BAYAN (BAYAN) CHAIRMAN DR. CAROLINA P. ARAULLO; BAYAN SECRETARY GENERAL RENATO M. REYES, JR.; CONFEDERATION FOR UNITY, RECOGNITION AND ADVANCE-MENT OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES (COURAGE) CHAIRMAN FERDINAND GAITE; KALIPUNAN NG DAMAYANG MAHIHIRAP (KADAMAY) SECRETARY GENERAL GLORIA ARELLANO; ALYANSA NG NAGKAKAISANG KABATAAN NG SAMBAYANAN PARA SA KAUNLARAN (ANAKBAYAN) CHAIRMAN KEN LEONARD RAMOS; TAYO ANG PAG-ASA CONVENOR ALVIN PETERS; LEAGUE OF FILIPINO STUDENTS (LFS) CHAIRMAN JAMES MARK TERRY LACUANAN RIDON; NATIONAL UNION OF STUDENTS OF THE PHILIPPINES (NUSP) CHAIRMAN EINSTEIN RECEDES; COLLEGE EDITORS GUILD OF THE PHILIPPINES (CEGP) CHAIRMAN VIJAE ALQUISOLA; AND STUDENT CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES (SCMP) CHAIRMAN MA. CRISTINA ANGELA GUEVARRA; WALDEN F. BELLO AND LORETTA ANN P. ROSALES; WOMEN TRIAL LAWYERS ORGANIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY YOLANDA QUISUMBING-JAVELLANA; BELLEZA ALOJADO DEMAISIP; TERESITA GANDIONCO-OLEDAN; MA. VERENA KASILAG-VILLANUEVA; MARILYN STA. ROMANA; LEONILA DE JESUS; AND GUINEVERE DE LEON; AQUILINO Q. PIMENTEL, JR.; INTERVENORS. [G.R. No. 191342] ATTY. AMADOR Z. TOLENTINO, JR., (IBP GOVERNOR-SOUTHERN LUZON), AND ATTY. ROLAND B. INTING (IBP GOVERNOR-EASTERN VISAYAS), PETITIONERS, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC), RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 191420] PHILIPPINE BAR ASSOCIATION, INC., PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL AND HER EXCELLENCY GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.C. No. 8382 : April 21, 2010] ALFREDO B. ROA, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. JUAN R. MORENO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178902 : April 21, 2010] MANUEL O. FUENTES AND LETICIA L. FUENTES, PETITIONERS, VS. CONRADO G. ROCA, ANNABELLE R. JOSON, ROSE MARIE R. CRISTOBAL AND PILAR MALCAMPO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G. R. No. L-2875 and L-3114 to L-3203 : April 22, 2010] MANILA YELLOWCAB ET AL., PETITIONER VS. THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION ET AL., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187154 : April 23, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. EDWIN DALIPE Y PEREZ, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 184760 : April 23, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES , PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. PATERNO LORENZO Y CASAS, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 184542 : April 23, 2010] ALMA B. RUSSEL, PETITIONER, VS. TEOFISTA EBASAN AND AGAPITO AUSTRIA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184537 : April 23, 2010] QUINTIN B. SALUDAGA AND SPO2 FIEL E. GENIO, PETITIONERS, VS. THE HONORABLE SANDIGANBAYAN, 4TH DIVISION AND THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. OCA IPI No. 07-2630-RTJ : April 23, 2010] FRANCISCO P. OCAMPO, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE EVELYN S. ARCAYA-CHUA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 144, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENT. [A.M. NO. RTJ-07-2049] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE EVELYN S. ARCAYA-CHUA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 144, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENT. [A.M. NO. RTJ-08-2141 (FORMERLY A.M. NO. 07-5-263- RTC/ RE: INITIAL REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED AT THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 144, MAKATI CITY)] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE EVELYN S. ARCAYA-CHUA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 144, MAKATI CITY, AND COURT STENOGRAPHER VICTORIA C. JAMORA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 144, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENTS. [A.M. NO. RTJ-07-2093] SYLVIA SANTOS, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE EVELYN S. ARCAYA-CHUA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 144, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 133347 : April 23, 2010] ABS-CBN BROADCASTING CORPORATION, EUGENIO LOPEZ, JR., AUGUSTO ALMEDA-LOPEZ, AND OSCAR M. LOPEZ, PETITIONERS, VS. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ROBERTO S. BENEDICTO, EXEQUIEL B. GARCIA, MIGUEL V. GONZALES, AND SALVADOR (BUDDY) TAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 158189 : April 23, 2010] ROBERTO B. KALALO, PETITIONER, VS. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ERNESTO M. DE CHAVEZ AND MARCELO L. AGUSTIN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 158562 : April 23, 2010] RAMON R. YAP, PETITIONER, VS.COMMISION ON AUDIT, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 160270 : April 23, 2010] SUBIC BAY METROPOLITAN AUTHORITY, PETITIONER, VS. MERLINO E. RODRIGUEZ AND WIRA INTERNATIONAL TRADING CORP., BOTH REPRESENTED HEREIN BY HILDA M. BACANI, AS THEIR AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 162017 : April 23, 2010] CALTEX (PHILIPPINES), INC., WILLIAM P. TIFFANY, E.C. CAVESTANY, AND E.M. CRUZ, PETITIONERS, VS. HERMIE G. AGAD AND CALTEX UNITED SUPERVISORS' ASSOCIATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 163554 : April 23, 2010] DANNIE M. PANTOJA, PETITIONER, VS. SCA HYGIENE PRODUCTS CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 165300 : April 23, 2010] ATTY. PEDRO M. FERRER, PETITIONER, VS. SPOUSES ALFREDO DIAZ AND IMELDA DIAZ, AND REINA COMANDANTE AND SPOUSES BIENVENIDO PANGAN AND ELIZABETH PANGAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167237 : April 23, 2010] ASSOCIATED ANGLO-AMERICAN TOBACCO CORPORATION AND FLORANTE DY, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. CRISPIN C. LARON, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, REGION 1, BRANCH 44, DAGUPAN CITY, SHERIFF VIRGILIO F. VILLAR, OFFICE OF THE EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF OF PASAY CITY, REGISTER OF DEEDS OF LINGAYEN, PANGASINAN AND SPOUSES PAUL PELAEZ, JR. AND ROCELI MAMISAY PELAEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.C. No. 8159 (formerly CBD 05-1452) : April 23, 2010] REYNARIA BARCENAS, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. ANORLITO A. ALVERO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172036 : April 23, 2010] SPOUSES FAUSTINO AND JOSEFINA GARCIA, SPOUSES MELITON GALVEZ AND HELEN GALVEZ, AND CONSTANCIA ARCAIRA REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEY-IN-FACT JULIANA O. MOTAS, PETITIONERS, VS. COURT OF APPEALS, EMERLITA DE LA CRUZ, AND DIOGENES G. BARTOLOME, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 171434 : April 23, 2010] NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. ALAN A. OLANDESCA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 173905 : April 23, 2010] ANTHONY L. NG, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 189093 : April 23, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. CHRISTOPHER BRINGAS Y GARCIA, BRYAN BRINGAS Y GARCIA, JOHN ROBERT NAVARRO Y CRUZ, ERICKSON PAJARILLO Y BASER (DECEASED), AND EDEN SY CHUNG, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180917 : April 23, 2010] ATTY. VICENTE E. SALUMBIDES, JR., AND GLENDA ARAƑA, PETITIONERS, VS. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN , RICARDO AGON, RAMON VILLASANTA, ELMER DIZON, SALVADOR ADUL, AND AGNES FABIAN, RESPONDENTS,

  • [G.R. No. 182341 : April 23, 2010] TRINIDAD GO, JOINED BY HER HUSBAND, GONZALO GO, SR., PETITIONERS, VS. VICENTE VELEZ CHAVES,* RESPONDENT, ALICE CHAVES, RESPONDENT-INTERVENOR, MEGA-INTEGRATED AGRO LIVESTOCK FARMS, INC., RESPONDENT-INTERVENOR,

  • [G.R. No. 183337 : April 23, 2010] CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, PETITIONER, VS. GREGORIO MAGNAYE, JR., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188104 : April 23, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. BENANCIO MORTERA Y BELARMINO, APPELLANT.

  • [A.M. No. P-05-1935 (Formerly A.M. No. 04-10-599-RTC) : April 23, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. FERMIN M. OFILAS AND MS. ARANZAZU V. BALTAZAR, CLERK OF COURT AND CLERK IV, RESPECTIVELY, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, SAN MATEO, RIZAL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-07-2322 : April 23, 2010] DALMACIO Z. TOMBOC, COMPLAINANT, VS. SHERIFFS LIBORIO M. VELASCO, JR., MEDAR T. PADAO, AND STEPHEN R. BENGUA, ALL OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, DIPOLOG CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-09-2190 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-2909-RTJ) : April 23, 2010] HADJA SOHURAH DIPATUAN, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE MAMINDIARA P. MANGOTARA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 191124 : April 27, 2010] LUIS A. ASISTIO, PETITIONER, VS. HON. THELMA CANLAS TRINIDAD-PE AGUIRRE, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, CALOOCAN CITY, BRANCH 129; HON. ARTHUR O. MALABAGUIO, PRESIDING JUDGE, METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT, CALOOCAN CITY, BRANCH 52; ENRICO R. ECHIVERRI, BOARD OF ELECTION INSPECTORS OF PRECINCT 1811A, BARANGAY 15, CALOOCAN CITY; AND THE CITY ELECTION OFFICER, CALOOCAN CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 162230 : April 28, 2010] ISABELITA C. VINUYA, VICTORIA C. DELA PEƑA, HERMINIHILDA MANIMBO, LEONOR H. SUMAWANG, CANDELARIA L. SOLIMAN, MARIA L. QUILANTANG, MARIA L. MAGISA, NATALIA M. ALONZO, LOURDES M. NAVARO, FRANCISCA M. ATENCIO, ERLINDA MANALASTAS, TARCILA M. SAMPANG, ESTER M. PALACIO, MAXIMA R. DELA CRUZ, BELEN A. SAGUM, FELICIDAD TURLA, FLORENCIA M. DELA PEƑA, EUGENIA M. LALU, JULIANA G. MAGAT, CECILIA SANGUYO, ANA ALONZO, RUFINA P. MALLARI, ROSARIO M. ALARCON, RUFINA C. GULAPA, ZOILA B. MANALUS, CORAZON C. CALMA, MARTA A. GULAPA, TEODORA M. HERNANDEZ, FERMIN B. DELA PEƑA, MARIA DELA PAZ B. CULALA, ESPERANZA MANAPOL, JUANITA M. BRIONES, VERGINIA M. GUEVARRA, MAXIMA ANGULO, EMILIA SANGIL, TEOFILA R. PUNZALAN, JANUARIA G. GARCIA, PERLA B. BALINGIT, BELEN A. CULALA, PILAR Q. GALANG, ROSARIO C. BUCO, GAUDENCIA C. DELA PEƑA, RUFINA Q. CATACUTAN, FRANCIA A. BUCO, PASTORA C. GUEVARRA, VICTORIA M. DELA CRUZ, PETRONILA O. DELA CRUZ, ZENAIDA P. DELA CRUZ, CORAZON M. SUBA, EMERINCIANA A. VINUYA, LYDIA A. SANCHEZ, ROSALINA M. BUCO, PATRICIA A. BERNARDO, LUCILA H. PAYAWAL, MAGDALENA LIWAG, ESTER C. BALINGIT, JOVITA A. DAVID, EMILIA C. MANGILIT, VERGINIA M. BANGIT, GUILLERMA S. BALINGIT, TERECITA PANGILINAN, MAMERTA C. PUNO, CRISENCIANA C. GULAPA, SEFERINA S. TURLA, MAXIMA B. TURLA, LEONICIA G. GUEVARRA, ROSALINA M. CULALA, CATALINA Y. MANIO, MAMERTA T. SAGUM, CARIDAD L. TURLA, ET AL. IN THEIR CAPACITY AND AS MEMBERS OF THE "MALAYA LOLAS ORGANIZATION", PETITIONERS, VS. THE HONORABLE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ALBERTO G. ROMULO, THE HONORABLE SECRETARY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS DELIA DOMINGO- ALBERT, THE HONORABLE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE MERCEDITAS N. GUTIERREZ, AND THE HONORABLE SOLICITOR GENERAL ALFREDO L. BENIPAYO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 190529 : April 29, 2010] PHILIPPINE GUARDIANS BROTHERHOOD, INC. (PGBI), REPRESENTED BY ITS SECRETARY-GENERAL GEORGE "FGBF GEORGE" DULDULAO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 166461 : April 30, 2010] HEIRS OF LORENZO AND CARMEN VIDAD AND AGVID CONSTRUCTION CO., INC., PETITIONERS, VS. LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169725 : April 30, 2010] RICARDO V. CASTILLO, PETITIONER, VS. UNIWIDE WAREHOUSE CLUB, INC. AND/OR JIMMY GOW, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 170697 : April 30, 2010] HON. PRIMO C. MIRO, DEPUTY OMBUDSMAN FOR THE VISAYAS, PETITIONER, VS. CARPIO, J., CHAIRPERSON, BRION, DEL CASTILLO, ABAD, AND PEREZ, JJ. REYNALDO M. DOSONO, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-06-2224 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 06-2367-P] : April 30, 2010] ATTY. ALBERTO II BORBON REYES, COMPLAINANT, VS. CLERK OF COURT V RICHARD C. JAMORA, DEPUTY SHERIFF IV LUCITO ALEJO, AND CLERK III EULOGIO T. MONDIDO, ALL OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 56, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  •  





     
     

    [G.R. No. 186382 : April 05, 2010]   PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. DOMINGO PANITERCE, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

     
    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 186382 : April 05, 2010]

    PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. DOMINGO PANITERCE, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

    R E S O L U T I O N


    LEONARDO-DE CASTRO, J.:

    Before Us is an appeal filed by Domingo Paniterce y Martinez (Paniterce) assailing the Decision [1] dated August 22, 2008 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 01001, entitled People of the Philippines v. Domingo Paniterce," which affirmed with modification the Decision dated March 2, 2005 of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) of Iriga City, Branch 37, in Criminal Case Nos. 6076, 6077, 6078, 6079, 6080 and 6081.[2] The RTC found Paniterce guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crimes of Rape and Acts of Lasciviousness.

    In four Informations, all dated February 11, 2002, 4th Assistant Provincial Prosecutor Hedy S. Aganan charged Paniterce with four counts of rape of his daughter AAA. Except for the dates[3] of the commission of the rapes, the four Informations identically read:

    Criminal Case Nos. 6076, 6077, 6078 and 6079

    That sometime in the year 1997 in x x x Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, with grave abuse of confidence being the father of the offended party with lewd designs by means of force and intimidation, did then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously succeed in having carnal knowledge with his daughter AAA, a 10 year-old minor, against her will and without her consent, to her damage and prejudice in such amount as may be awarded by the Honorable Court.[4]

    In two Amended Informations, both dated December 3, 2002, Assistant Provincial Prosecutor Daniel M. Salvadora charged Paniterce with two counts of rape of his other daughter BBB. Aside from the dates[5] of the commission of the rapes, the Informations similarly state:

    Criminal Case Nos. 6080 and 6081

    That on or about 6:00 o'clock in the morning of August 26, 2000 x x x Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, with grave abuse of confidence being the father of the offended party with lewd designs by means of force and intimidation, did then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously committed RAPE upon his 12- year old daughter BBB by then and there, caressing and inserting his finger inside her vagina against her will and without her consent, to her damage and prejudice in such amount as may be awarded by the Honorable Court.[6]

    When arraigned, Paniterce pleaded not guilty to all the charges.

    After trial on the merits, the RTC rendered a Decision on March 2, 2005, with the following dispositive portion:

    WHEREFORE, in view of all the foregoing, the prosecution having proved the guilt of accused Domingo Paniterce of the crimes of Rape as charged in the aforementioned Informations, he is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalties of imprisonment, to wit:

    In Criminal Case No. 6076, he is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalty of imprisonment ranging from FOUR (4) MONTHS and ONE (1) DAY of arresto mayor as minimum to FOUR (4) YEARS, TWO (2) MONTHS AND ONE (1) DAY of prision correccional as maximum for Acts of Lasciviousness under Article 336 of the Revised Penal Code as the alleged molestation took place in April 1997 and RA 8353 took effect only on October 22, 1997;

    In Criminal Cases Nos. 6077, 6078, 6080 and 6081, he is hereby sentenced to suffer in each every case the penalty of imprisonment ranging from FOUR (4) YEARS, TWO (2) MONTHS and ONE (1) DAY of prision correccional as minimum to EIGHT (8) YEARS and ONE (1) DAY of prision mayor as maximum and to pay AAA and BBB Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) each as moral damages and Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) as exemplary damages;

    In Criminal Case No. 6079, he is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalty of DEATH and to pay AAA the amount of Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) as moral damages and Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) as exemplary damages.[7]

    On June 4, 2005, Paniterce was committed to the Bureau of Corrections in Muntinlupa City.

    Paniterce filed an appeal with the Court of Appeals, which was docketed as CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 01001. The appellate court rendered a Decision on August 22, 2008 affirming the RTC judgment with modifications, to wit:

    WHEREFORE, the Decision of the trial court convicting DOMINGO PANITERCE is hereby AFFIRMED with the following modifications:

    1. For Acts of Lasciviousness, in Criminal Cases Nos. 6077, 6078, 6080 and 6081, appellant is hereby sentenced to suffer in each [and] every case an indeterminate prison term of six (6) months of arresto mayor, as minimum, to six (6) years of prision correccional, as maximum and to pay AAA and BBB Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) each as moral damages and Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) as exemplary damages; and

    2. For Rape, in Criminal Case No. 6079, appellant is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalty of Reclusion Perpetua and to pay AAA the amount of Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) as moral damages and Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) as exemplary damages.

    The decision of the trial court finding appellant guilty for Acts of Lasciviousness in Criminal Case No. 6076 is AFFIRMED without any modification.[8]

    On 16 September 2008, Paniterce, through counsel, filed a Notice of Appeal with the Court of Appeals conveying his intention to appeal to us the aforementioned Decision dated August 22, 2008 of the appellate court. The Court of Appeals gave due course to Paniterce's Notice of Appeal on September 23, 2008,[9] and directed its Judicial Records Division to elevate to us the original records in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 01001.

    On 15 April 2009, we required[10] the parties to file their supplemental briefs, and the Director of the Bureau of Corrections to confirm the commitment of Paniterce at the Bureau of Corrections and submit his report thereon within 10 days from notice.

    Paniterce filed his Supplemental Brief[11] on June 16, 2009, while the Office of the Solicitor General filed a Manifestation[12] on June 18, 2009 stating that it would no longer file a supplemental brief considering that Paniterce did not raise any new issue in his appeal. On July 22, 2009, we submitted G.R. No. 186382 for resolution.

    However, in a letter dated October 12, 2009, Julio A. Arciaga, the Assistant Director for Prisons and Security of the Bureau of Corrections, informed us that Paniterce had died on August 22, 2009 at the New Bilibid Prison Hospital. Paniterce's Death Certificate was attached to said letter.

    Given Paniterce's death, we are now faced with the question of the effect of such death on the present appeal.

    Paniterce's death on August 22, 2009, during the pendency of his appeal, extinguished not only his criminal liabilities for the rape and acts of lasciviousness committed against his daughters, but also his civil liabilities solely arising from or based on said crimes.

    According to Article 89(1) of the Revised Penal Code, criminal liability is totally extinguished:

    1. By the death of the convict, as to the personal penalties; and as to pecuniary penalties, liability therefor is extinguished only when the death of the offender occurs before final judgment.
    Applying the foregoing provision, we laid down the following guidelines in People v. Bayotas [13]:

    1. Death of the accused pending appeal of his conviction extinguishes his criminal liability as well as the civil liability based solely thereon. As opined by Justice Regalado, in this regard, "the death of the accused prior to final judgment terminates his criminal liability and only the civil liability directly arising from and based solely on the offense committed, i.e., civil liability ex delicto in senso strictiore."

    2. Corollarily, the claim for civil liability survives notwithstanding the death of (the) accused, if the same may also be predicated on a source of obligation other than delict. Article 1157 of the Civil Code enumerates these other sources of obligation from which the civil liability may arise as a result of the same act or omission:

      a) Law

      b) Contracts

      c) Quasi-contracts

      x x x x

      e) Quasi-delicts

    3. Where the civil liability survives, as explained in Number 2 above, an action for recovery therefor may be pursued but only by way of filing a separate civil action and subject to Section 1, Rule 111 of the 1985 Rules on Criminal Procedure as amended. This separate civil action may be enforced either against the executor/administrator or the estate of the accused, depending on the source of obligation upon which the same is based as explained above.

    4. Finally, the private offended party need not fear a forfeiture of his right to file this separate civil action by prescription, in cases where during the prosecution of the criminal action and prior to its extinction, the private-offended party instituted together therewith the civil action. In such case, the statute of limitations on the civil liability is deemed interrupted during the pendency of the criminal case, conformably with the provisions of Article 1155 of the Civil Code that should thereby avoid any apprehension on a possible privation of right by prescription.[14]

    Clearly, it is unnecessary for the Court to rule on Paniterce's appeal. Whether or not he was guilty of the crimes charged has become irrelevant since, following Article 89(1) of the Revised Penal Code and our disquisition in Bayotas, even assuming Paniterce had incurred criminal liabilities, they were totally extinguished by his death. Moreover, because Paniterce's appeal was still pending and no final judgment of conviction had been rendered against him when he died, his civil liabilities arising from the crimes, being civil liabilities ex delicto, were likewise extinguished by his death.

    Consequently, the appealed Decision dated August 22, 2008 of the Court of Appeals - finding Paniterce guilty of rape and acts of lasciviousness, sentencing him to imprisonment, and ordering him to indemnify his victims - had become ineffectual.

    WHEREFORE, in view of the death of accused-appellant Domingo Paniterce y Martinez, the Decision dated August 22, 2008 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 01001 is SET ASIDE and Criminal Case Nos. 6076, 6077, 6078, 6079, 6080, and 6081 before the Regional Trial Court of Iriga City are DISMISSED. Costs de oficio.

    SO ORDERED.

    Puno, C.J., (Chairperson), Carpio Morales, Bersamin, and Villarama, Jr., JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:


    [1] Penned by Associate Justice Romeo F. Barza with Associate Justices Mariano C. del Castillo and Arcangelita M. Romilla-Lontok, concurring. Rollo, pp. 2-22.

    [2] CA rollo, pp. 92-102.

    [3] In Criminal Case No. 6076, sometime in the year 1997; in Criminal Case No. 6077, on or about April 1999; in Criminal Case No. 6078, May 2, 1999; and in Criminal Case No. 6079, sometime in the year 2000. (CA rollo, pp. 27-30.)

    [4] CA rollo, p. 27.

    [5] In Criminal Case No. 6080, August 26, 2000; and in Criminal Case No. 6081, August 27, 2000. (CA rollo, pp. 31-32.)
    [6] CA rollo, p. 31.

    [7] Id. at 102.

    [8] Rollo, pp. 20-21.

    [9] Id. at 26.

    [10] Id. at 32-33.

    [11] Id. at 35-38.

    [12] Id. at 41-42.

    [13] G.R. No. 102007, September 2, 1994, 236 SCRA 239.

    [14] Id. at 255-256.

    [G.R. No. 186382 : April 05, 2010]   PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. DOMINGO PANITERCE, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.




    Back to Home | Back to Main

     

    QUICK SEARCH

    cralaw

               

    cralaw



     
      Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
    ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
     
    RED