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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
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August-2011 Jurisprudence                 

  • [G.R. No. 146206 : August 01, 2011] SAN MIGUEL FOODS, INCORPORATED, PETITIONER, VS. SAN MIGUEL CORPORATION SUPERVISORS AND EXEMPT UNION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172110 : August 01, 2011] MINDA VILLAMOR, APPELLEE, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLANT. [G.R. NO. 181804] GLICERIO VIOS, JR., APPELLEE, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 171569 : August 01, 2011] UNION BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. ALAIN* JUNIAT, WINWOOD APPAREL, INC., WINGYAN APPAREL, INC., NONWOVEN FABRIC PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-11-2896 [Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 08-2977-P] : August 02, 2011] PROSERPINA V. ANICO, COMPLAINANT, VS. EMERSON B. PILIPIÑA, SHERIFF IV, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, MANILA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188086 : August 03, 2011] FRANCIS BELLO, REPRESENTED HEREIN BY HIS DAUGHTER AND ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, GERALDINE BELLO-ONA, PETITIONER, VS. BONIFACIO SECURITY SERVICES, INC. AND SAMUEL TOMAS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182237 : August 03, 2011] THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. TERENCIO FUNESTO Y LLOSPARDAS, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 169901 : August 03, 2011] PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, PETITIONER, VS. CIRIACO JUMAMOY AND HEIRS OF ANTONIO GO PACE, REPRESENTED BY ROSALIA PACE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 191995 : August 03, 2011] PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, PETITIONER, VS. JUSTINA CALLANGAN, IN HER CAPACITY AS DIRECTOR OF THE CORPORATION FINANCE DEPARTMENT OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION AND/OR THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179344 : August 03, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. EDGARDO FERMIN Y GREGORIO AND JOB MADAYAG, JR., Y BALDERAS, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183018 : August 03, 2011] ADVENT CAPITAL AND FINANCE CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. ROLAND YOUNG, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 177816 : August 03, 2011] NIPPON HOUSING PHIL. INC., AND/OR TADASHI OTA, HOROSHI TAKADA, YUSUHIRO KAWATA, MR. NOBOYUSHI AND JOEL REYES PETITIONERS, VS. MAIAH ANGELA LEYNES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 174507-30 : August 03, 2011] ATTY. EMELITA H. GARAYBLAS AND ATTY. RENATO G. DE LA CRUZ, PETITIONERS, VS. THE HON. GREGORY ONG, HON. JOSE HERNANDEZ AND HON. RODOLFO PONFERRADA, AS CHAIRMAN & MEMBERS, RESPECTIVELY, 4TH DIVISION, SANDIGANBAYAN; AND PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184454 : August 03, 2011] CO GIOK LUN, AS SUBSTITUTED BY HIS LEGAL HEIRS NAMELY: MAGDALENA D. CO, MILAGROS D. CO, BENJAMIN D. CO, ALBERT D. CO, ANGELITA C. TENG, VIRGINIA C. RAMOS, CHARLIE D. CO, AND ELIZABETH C. PAGUIO, PETITIONERS, VS. JOSE CO, AS SUBSTITUTED BY HIS LEGAL HEIRS NAMELY: ROSALINA CO, MARLON CO, JOSEPH CO, FRANK CO, ANTONIO CO, NELSON CO, ROLAND CO, JOHNSON CO, CORAZON CO, ADELA CO, SERGIO CO, PAQUITO CO, JOHN CO, NANCY CO, AND TERESITA CO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 194031 : August 08, 2011] JOBEL ENTERPRISES AND/OR MR. BENEDICT LIM, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (SEVENTH DIVISION, QUEZON CITY) AND ERIC MARTINEZ, SR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 152141 : August 08, 2011] CORNELIO DEL FIERRO, GREGORIO DEL FIERRO, ILDEFONSO DEL FIERRO, ASUNCION DEL FIERRO, CIPRIANO DEL FIERRO, MANUELA DEL FIERRO, AND FRANCISCO DEL FIERRO PETITIONERS, VS. RENE SEGUIRAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169510 : August 08, 2011] ATOK BIG WEDGE COMPANY, INC., PETITIONER, VS. JESUS P. GISON, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 187858 : August 09, 2011] THE CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, PETITIONER, VS. RICHARD G. CRUZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 167398 : August 09, 2011] AUGUSTUS GONZALES AND SPOUSES NESTOR VICTOR AND MA. LOURDES RODRIGUEZ, PETITIONERS, VS. QUIRICO PE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G. R. No. 195953 : August 09, 2011] CERIACO BULILIS, PETITIONER, VS. VICTORINO NUEZ, HON. PRESIDING JUDGE, 6TH MCTC, UBAY, BOHOL, HON. PRESIDING JUDGE, RTC, BRANCH 52, TALIBON, BOHOL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 185352 : August 10, 2011] COASTAL SAFEWAY MARINE SERVICES INC., PETITIONER, VS. ELMER T. ESGUERRA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 193188 : August 10, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JUANITO APATTAD, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 187536 : August 10, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. MICHAEL BOKINGO ALIAS "MICHAEL BOKINGCO" AND REYNANTE COL, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 176008 : August 10, 2011] METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, SUBSTITUTED BY MERIDIAN (SPV-AMCI) CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, RESPONDENT. [G.R. NO. 176131] CHUAYUCO STEEL MANUFACTURING, PETITIONER, VS. INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK (NOW UNION BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES), RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 174926 : August 10, 2011] AMERICAN HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK, PETITIONER, VS. F.F. CRUZ & CO., INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176350 : August 10, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. JHON-JHON ALEJANDRO Y DELA CRUZ @ "NOGNOG," APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 186487 : August 15, 2011] ROSITO BAGUNU, PETITIONER, VS. SPOUSES FRANCISCO AGGABAO & ROSENDA ACERIT, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182178 : August 15, 2011] STEPHEN SY Y TIBAGONG, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 193379 : August 15, 2011] CESAR D. CASTRO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 165476 : August 15, 2011] AGRIPINO V. MOLINA, PETITIONER, VS. PACIFIC PLANS, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 196426 : August 15, 2011] MARTICIO SEMBLANTE AND DUBRICK PILAR, PETITIONERS, VS. COURT OF APPEALS, 19TH DIVISION, NOW SPECIAL FORMER 19TH DIVISION, GALLERA DE MANDAUE / SPOUSES VICENTE AND MARIA LUISA LOOT, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 175073 : August 15, 2011] ESTATE OF MARGARITA D. CABACUNGAN, REPRESENTED BY LUZ LAIGO-ALI, PETITIONER, VS. MARILOU LAIGO, PEDRO ROY LAIGO, STELLA BALAGOT AND SPOUSES MARIO B. CAMPOS AND JULIA S. CAMPOS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R No. 187167 : August 16, 2011] PROF. MERLIN M. MAGALLONA, AKBAYAN PARTY-LIST REP. RISA HONTIVEROS, PROF. HARRY C. ROQUE, JR., AND UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES COLLEGE OF LAW STUDENTS, ALITHEA BARBARA ACAS, VOLTAIRE ALFERES, CZARINA MAY ALTEZ, FRANCIS ALVIN ASILO, SHERYL BALOT, RUBY AMOR BARRACA, JOSE JAVIER BAUTISTA, ROMINA BERNARDO, VALERIE PAGASA BUENAVENTURA, EDAN MARRI CAÑETE, VANN ALLEN DELA CRUZ, RENE DELORINO, PAULYN MAY DUMAN, SHARON ESCOTO, RODRIGO FAJARDO III, GIRLIE FERRER, RAOULLE OSEN FERRER, CARLA REGINA GREPO, ANNA MARIE CECILIA GO, IRISH KAY KALAW, MARY ANN JOY LEE, MARIA LUISA MANALAYSAY, MIGUEL RAFAEL MUSNGI, MICHAEL OCAMPO, JAKLYN HANNA PINEDA, WILLIAM RAGAMAT, MARICAR RAMOS, ENRIK FORT REVILLAS, JAMES MARK TERRY RIDON, JOHANN FRANTZ RIVERA IV, CHRISTIAN RIVERO, DIANNE MARIE ROA, NICHOLAS SANTIZO, MELISSA CHRISTINA SANTOS, CRISTINE MAE TABING, VANESSA ANNE TORNO, MARIA ESTER VANGUARDIA, AND MARCELINO VELOSO III, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. EDUARDO ERMITA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, HON. ALBERTO ROMULO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, HON. ROLANDO ANDAYA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, HON. DIONY VENTURA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS ADMINISTRATOR OF THE NATIONAL MAPPING & RESOURCE INFORMATION AUTHORITY, AND HON. HILARIO DAVIDE, JR., IN HIS CAPACITY AS REPRESENTATIVE OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES TO THE UNITED NATIONS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-06-2014 : August 16, 2011] NILDA VERGINESA-SUAREZ, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE RENATO J. DILAG AND COURT STENOGRAPHER III CONCEPCION A. PASCUA, RESPONDENTS. [A.M. No. RTJ-11-2293 (formerly A.M. No. 06-07-415-RTC)] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE RENATO J. DILAG, ESTER A. ASILO, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 73, OLONGAPO CITY, ZAMBALES, AND ATTY. RONALD D. GAVINO, DEPUTY CLERK OF COURT, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, OLONGAPO CITY RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 174654 : August 17, 2011] FELIXBERTO A. ABELLANA, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND SPOUSES SAAPIA B. ALONTO AND DIAGA ALONTO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 159941 : August 17, 2011] HEIRS OF SPOUSES TEOFILO M. RETERTA AND ELISA RETERTA, NAMELY: EDUARDO M. RETERTA, CONSUELO M. RETERTA, AND AVELINA M. RETERTA, PETITIONERS, VS. SPOUSES LORENZO MORES AND VIRGINIA LOPEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168008 : August 17, 2011] PETRONILO J. BARAYUGA, PETITIONER, VS. ADVENTIST UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, THROUGH ITS BOARD OF TRUSTEES, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRMAN, NESTOR D. DAYSON, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 193629 : August 17, 2011] RCJ BUS LINES, INCORPORATED, PETITIONER, VS. STANDARD INSURANCE COMPANY, INCORPORATED, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 166970 : August 17, 2011] MA. ANA M. TAMONTE AND EDILBERTO A. TAMONTE, PETITIONERS, VS. HONGKONG AND SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION LTD., HONGKONG AND SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION STAFF RETIREMENT PLAN, REPRESENTED BY ATTY. MANUEL G. MONTECILLO, STUART P. MILNE AND ALEJANDRO CUSTODIO; ALEJANDRO CUSTODIO; RTC CLERK OF COURT & EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF AND SHERIFF IN CHARGE CLEMENTE BOLOY AND BENEDICTO G. HEBRON, RESPECTIVELY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188562 : August 17, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. RODEL LANUZA Y BAGAOISAN, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 171634 : August 17, 2011] LEONARDO S. UMALE, SUBSTITUTED BY CLARISSA VICTORIA UMALE,[1] PETITIONER, VS. ATTY. ALFREDO VILLAMOR, JR., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 156358 : August 17, 2011] ANGELINA PAHILA-GARRIDO, PETITIONER, VS. ELIZA M. TORTOGO, LEONILA FLORES, ANANIAS SEDONIO, ADELINO MONET, ANGIE MONET, JUANITO GARCIA, ELEONOR GARCIA, BENITA MOYA, JULIO ALTARES, LEA ALTARES, CLARITA SABIDO, JULIE ANN VILLAMOR, JUANITA TUALA, VICTOR FLORES III, JOHNNY MOYA, HAZEL AVANCEÑA, SONIA EVANGELIO, AND GENNY MONTAÑO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 152239 : August 17, 2011] MAKING ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SPOUSES JOAQUIN TAMANO AND ANGELITA TAMANO, PETITIONERS, VS. JOSE MARFORI AND EMERENCIANA MARFORI, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 153829 : August 17, 2011] ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF SAN FERNANDO, PAMPANGA REPRESENTED HEREIN BY THE INCUMBENT ARCHBISHOP, PETITIONER, VS. EDUARDO SORIANO, JR., EDNA YALUN, EVANGELINA ABLAZA, FELICIDAD Y. URBINA, FELIX SALENGA, REYNALDO I. MALLARI, MARCIANA B. BARCOMA, BIENVENIDO PANGANIBAN, BRIGIDA NAVARRO, EUFRANCIA T. FLORES, VICTORIA B. SUDSOD, EUFRONIO CAPARAS, CRISANTO MANANSALA, LILY MASANGCAY, BENJAMIN GUINTO, JR., MARTHA G. CASTRO AND LINO TOLENTINO, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 160909] BENJAMIN GUINTO, JR.,[1] PETITIONER, VS. ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF SAN FERNANDO, PAMPANGA REPRESENTED HEREIN BY THE INCUMBENT ARCHBISHOP, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 163827 : August 17, 2011] DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. HON. SILVERIO Q. CASTILLO AND CRISTINA TRINIDAD ZARATE ROMERO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167545 : August 17, 2011] ATIKO TRANS, INC. AND CHENG LIE NAVIGATION CO., LTD., PETITIONERS, VS. PRUDENTIAL GUARANTEE AND ASSURANCE, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 190317 : August 22, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. LARRY TORRES, SR., ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 193161 : August 22, 2011] DIOSDADO S. MANUNGAS, PETITIONER, VS. MARGARITA AVILA LORETO AND FLORENCIA AVILA PARREÑO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 163433 : August 22, 2011] SPOUSES NELSON R. VILLANUEVA AND MYRA P. VILLANUEVA, PETITIONERS, VS. THE COURT OF APPEALS, PROVIDENT RURAL BANK OF SANTA CRUZ (LAGUNA), INC., AND THE CLERK OF COURT OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF LAGUNA AS EX-OFFICIO PROVINCIAL SHERIFF, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. Nos. 192147 & 192149 : August 23, 2011] RENALD F. VILANDO, PETITIONER, VS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL, JOCELYN SY LIMKAICHONG AND HON. SPEAKER PROSPERO NOGRALES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. 2011-01-SC : August 23, 2011] RE: LETTER-COMPLAINT OF MR. RECARREDO S. VALENZUELA, CLERK IV, PERSONNEL DIVISION, OAS-OCA AGAINST MR. RICARDO R. GIGANTO, UTILITY WORKER II, PERSONNEL DIVISION, OAS-OCA

  • [G.R. No. 165828 : August 24, 2011] NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. HEIRS OF MACABANGKIT SANGKAY, NAMELY: CEBU, BATOWA-AN, SAYANA, NASSER, MANTA, EDGAR, PUTRI , MONGKOY*, AND AMIR, ALL SURNAMED MACABANGKIT, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173180 : August 24, 2011] ALBERT TISON AND CLAUDIO L. JABON, PETITIONERS, VS. SPS. GREGORIO POMASIN AND CONSORCIA PONCE POMASIN, DIANNE POMASIN PAGUNSAN, CYNTHIA POMASIN, SONIA PEROL, ANTONIO SESISTA, GINA SESISTA, AND REYNALDO SESISTA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 172331 : August 24, 2011] RAMON ARANDA, PETITIONER, VS. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 160322 : August 24, 2011] PILIPINO TELEPHONE CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. RADIOMARINE NETWORK (SMARTNET) PHILIPPINES, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-10-2739 [Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 08-3015-P] : August 24, 2011] WILFRIED ERDENBERGER, COMPLAINANT, VS. JOHN V. AQUINO, CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, OLONGAPO CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188775 : August 24, 2011] CENON R. TEVES, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND DANILO R. BONGALON, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188995 : August 24, 2011] EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE AUTHORITY (NOW PHILIPPINE EXPORT ZONE AUTHORITY), PETITIONER, VS. JOSE PULIDO, VICENTA PANGANIBAN, RURAL BANK OF SALINAS, INC., FRANCISCA M. PRODIGALIDAD, ABELARDO PRODIGALIDAD, CARMEN PRECIOSA TABLANTE, CARMENCITA M. PRODIGALIDAD, MELVIN J. BOUCHER, MARY LOU M. PRODIGALIDAD, SALVADOR MENES, JR., DELILAH M. PRODIGALIDAD, NANNETTE M. PRODIGALIDAD, ANSELMO M. PRODIGALIDAD III, GREGORIO M. PRODIGALIDAD, AND ESTATE OF SALUD JIMENEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 176129 : August 24, 2011] HEIRS OF RODOLFO CRISOSTOMO (EUPROCINIA, ROYCE AND IRISH CRISOSTOMO), PETITIONERS, VS. RUDEX INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 184960 : August 24, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. CLEOFE BAROQUILLO Y VILLANUEVA AND LEONARDO MAHILUM Y CAÑETE, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [A.C. No. 6689 : August 24, 2011] RIZALINA L. GEMINA, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. ISIDRO S. MADAMBA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 168973 : August 24, 2011] CITY OF DUMAGUETE, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY CITY MAYOR, AGUSTIN R. PERDICES, PETITIONER, VS. PHILIPPINE PORTS AUTHORITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183789 : August 24, 2011] POWER SECTOR ASSETS AND LIABILITIES MANAGEMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. POZZOLANIC PHILIPPINES INCORPORATED, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176091 : August 24, 2011] RENE ANTONIO, PETITIONER, VS. GREGORIO MANAHAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 171468 : August 24, 2011] NEW WORLD INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (PHILS.), INC., PETITIONER, VS. NYK-FILJAPAN SHIPPING CORP., LEP PROFIT INTERNATIONAL, INC. (ORD), LEP INTERNATIONAL PHILIPPINES, INC., DMT CORP., ADVATECH INDUSTRIES, INC., MARINA PORT SERVICES, INC., SERBROS CARRIER CORPORATION, AND SEABOARD-EASTERN INSURANCE CO., INC., RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 174241] NEW WORLD INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (PHILS.), INC., PETITIONER, VS. SEABOARD-EASTERN INSURANCE CO., INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185023 : August 24, 2011] CITY OF PASIG, REPRESENTED BY THE CITY TREASURER AND THE CITY ASSESSOR, VS. PETITIONER, REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172660 : August 24, 2011] EUGENIO BASBAS, TEOFILO ARAS, RUFINO ARAS, GERVACIO BASBAS, ISMAEL ARAS, EUGENIO ARAS, SIMFRONIO ARAS, FELICIANO ARAS, ROSITA ARAS, EUGENIO BASBAS, JR. AND SPOUSES PABLITO BASARTE AND MARCELINA BASBAS BASARTE, PETITIONERS, VS. BEATA SAYSON AND ROBERTO SAYSON, JR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 174774 : August 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ROLANDO S. DELOS REYES, ALIAS "BOTONG," AND RAYMUNDO G. REYES, ALIAS "MAC-MAC," ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 175289 : August 31, 2011] CRISOSTOMO VILLARIN AND ANIANO LATAYADA, PETITIONERS, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 170728 : August 31, 2011] D. M. WENCESLAO AND ASSOCIATES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. CITY OF PARAAQUE, PARAAQUE CITY ASSESSOR, PARAAQUE CITY TREASURER AND PARAAQUE CITY COUNCIL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184053 : August 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. VIRGINIA BABY P. MONTANER, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 175074 : August 31, 2011] JESUS TORRES, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 165025 : August 31, 2011] FEDMAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. FEDERICO AGCAOILI, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 155849 : August 31, 2011] LORENZO SHIPPING CORPORATION, OCEANIC CONTAINER LINES, INC., SOLID SHIPPING LINES CORPORATION, SULPICIO LINES, INC., ET AL., PETITIONERS, VS. DISTRIBUTION MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, LORENZO CINCO, AND CORA CURAY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173792 : August 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ROSARIO "ROSE" OCHOA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 181902 : August 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. EDGAR EVANGELIO Y GALLO, JOSEPH EVANGELIO, ATILANO AGATON Y OBICO, AND NOEL MALPAS Y GARCIA, ACCUSED. JOSEPH EVANGELIO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 176077 : August 31, 2011] ABRAHAM MICLAT, JR. Y CERBO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 175991 : August 31, 2011] JOSE R. CATACUTAN, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 186387 : August 31, 2011] THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JUAN MENDOZA Y VICENTE, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 174980 : August 31, 2011] RADITO AURELIO Y REYES, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179978 : August 31, 2011] DCD CONSTRUCTION, INC., PETITIONER, VS. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

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    [G.R. No. 165025 : August 31, 2011]   FEDMAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. FEDERICO AGCAOILI, RESPONDENT.

     
    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 165025 : August 31, 2011]

    FEDMAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. FEDERICO AGCAOILI, RESPONDENT.

    D E C I S I O N


    BERSAMIN, J.:

    The non-payment of the prescribed filing fees at the time of the filing of the complaint or other initiatory pleading fails to vest jurisdiction over the case in the trial court. Yet, where the plaintiff has paid the amount of filing fees assessed by the clerk of court, and the amount paid turns out to be deficient, the trial court still acquires jurisdiction over the case, subject to the payment by the plaintiff of the deficiency assessment.

    Fedman Development Corporation (FDC) appeals the decision promulgated on August 20, 2004, [1] whereby the Court of Appeals (CA) affirmed the judgment rendered on August 28, 1998 by the Regional Trial Court (RTC), Branch 150, Makati City, in favor of the respondent.[2]

    Antecedents

    FDC was the owner and developer of a condominium project known as Fedman Suites Building (FSB) located on Salcedo Street, Legazpi Village, Makati City. On June 18, 1975, Interchem Laboratories Incorporated (Interchem) purchased FSB's Unit 411 under a contract to sell. On March 31, 1977, FDC executed a Master Deed with Declaration of Restrictions,[3] and formed the Fedman Suite Condominium Corporation (FSCC) to manage FSB and hold title over its common areas.[4]

    On October 10, 1980, Interchem, with FDC's consent, transferred all its rights in Unit 411 to respondent Federico Agcaoili (Agcaoili), a practicing attorney who was then also a member of the Provincial Board of Quezon Province.[5] As consideration for the transfer, Agcaoili agreed: (a) to pay Interchem ?150,000.00 upon signing of the deed of transfer; (b) to update the account by paying to FDC the amount of ?15,473.17 through a 90 day-postdated check; and (c) to deliver to FDC the balance of ?137,286.83 in 135 equal monthly installments of ?1,857.24 effective October 1980, inclusive of 12% interest per annum on the diminishing balance. The obligations Agcaoili assumed totaled ?302,760.00.[6]

    In December 1983, the centralized air-conditioning unit of FSB's fourth floor broke down.[7] On January 3, 1984, Agcaoili, being thereby adversely affected, wrote to Eduardo X. Genato (Genato), vice-president and board member of FSCC, demanding the repair of the air-conditioning unit.[8] Not getting any immediate response, Agcaoili sent follow-up letters to  FSCC reiterating the demand, but the letters went unheeded. He then informed FDC and FSCC that he was suspending the payment of his condominium dues and monthly amortizations.[9]

    On August 30, 1984, FDC cancelled the contract to sell involving Unit 411 and cut off the electric supply to the unit. Agcaoili was thus prompted to sue FDC and FSCC in the RTC, Makati City, Branch 144 for injunction and damages.[10] The parties later executed a compromise agreement that the RTC approved through its decision of August 26, 1985. As stipulated in the compromise agreement, Agcaoili paid FDC the sum of ?39,002.04 as amortizations for the period from November 1983 to July 1985; and also paid FSCC an amount of ?17,858.37 for accrued condominium dues, realty taxes, electric bills, and surcharges as of March 1985. As a result, FDC reinstated the contract to sell and allowed Agcaoili to temporarily install two window-type air-conditioners in Unit 411.[11]

    On April 22, 1986, FDC again disconnected the electric supply of  Unit 411.[12] Agcaoili thus moved for the execution of the RTC decision dated August 26, 1985.[13] On July 17, 1986, the RTC issued an order temporarily allowing Agcaoili to obtain his electric supply from the other units in the fourth floor of FSB until the main meter was restored.[14]

    On March 6, 1987, Agcaoili lodged a complaint for damages against FDC and FSCC in the RTC, which was raffled to Branch 150 in Makati City. He alleged that the disconnection of the electric supply of Unit 411 on April 22, 1986 had unjustly deprived him of the use and enjoyment of the unit; that the disconnection had seriously affected his law practice and had caused him sufferings, inconvenience and embarrassment; that FDC and FSCC violated the compromise agreement; that he was entitled to actual damages amounting to ?21,626.60, as well as to moral and exemplary damages, and attorney's fees as might be proven during the trial; that the payment of interest sought by FDC and FSCC under the contract to sell was illegal; and that FDC and FSCC were one and the same corporation. He also prayed that FDC and FSCC be directed to return the excessive amounts collected for real estate taxes.[15]

    In its answer, FDC contended that it had a personality separate from that of FSCC; that it had no obligation or liability in favor of Agcaoili; that FSCC, being the manager of FSB and the title-holder over its common areas, was in charge of maintaining all central and appurtenant equipment and installations for utility services (like air-conditioning unit, elevator, light and others); that Agcaoili failed to comply with the terms of the contract to sell; that despite demands, Agcaoili did not pay the amortizations due from November 1983 to March 1985 and the surcharges, the total amount of which was ?376,539.09; that due to the non-payment, FDC cancelled the contract to sell and forfeited the amount of ?219,063.97 paid by Agcaoili, applying the amount to the payment of liquidated damages, agent's commission, and interest; that it demanded that Agcaoili vacate Unit 411, but its demand was not heeded; that Agcaoili did not pay his monthly amortizations of ?1,883.84 from October 1985 to May 1986, resulting in FSCC being unable to pay the electric bills on time to the Manila Electric Company resulting in the disconnection of the electric supply of FSB; that it allowed Agcaoili to obtain electric supply from other units because Agcaoili promised to settle his accounts but he reneged on his promise; that Agcaoili's total obligation was ?55,106.40; that Agcaoili's complaint for damages was baseless and was intended to cover up his delinquencies; that the interest increase from 12% to 24% per annum was authorized under the contract to sell in view of the adverse economic conditions then prevailing in the country; and that the complaint for damages was barred by the principle of res judicata because the issues raised therein were covered by the RTC decision dated August 26, 1985.

    As compulsory counterclaim, FDC prayed for an award of moral and exemplary damages each amounting to ?1,000,000.00, attorney's fees amounting to ?100,000.00 and costs of suit.[16]

    On its part, FSCC filed an answer, admitting that the electric supply of Unit 411 was disconnected for the second time on April 22, 1986, but averring that the disconnection was justified because of Agcaoili's failure to pay the monthly amortizations and condominium dues despite repeated demands. It averred that it did not repair the air-conditioning unit because of dwindling collections caused by the failure of some unit holders to pay their obligations on time; that the unit holders were notified of the electricity disconnection; and that the electric supply of Unit 411 could not be restored until Agcaoili paid his condominium dues totaling ?14,701.16 as of April 1987. [17]

    By way of counterclaim, FSCC sought moral damages and attorney's fees of ?100,000.00 and ?50,000.00, respectively, and cost of suit.[18]

    On August 28, 1998, the RTC rendered judgment in favor of Agcaoili, holding that his complaint for damages was not barred by res judicata; that he was justified in suspending the payment of his monthly amortizations; that FDC's cancellation of the contract to sell was improper; that FDC and FSCC had no separate personalities; and that Agcaoili was entitled to damages. The RTC disposed thuswise:

    WHEREFORE, judgment is hereby rendered in favor of the plaintiff and as against both defendants, declaring the increased rates sought by defendants to be illegal, and ordering defendant FDC/FSCC to reinstate the contract to sell, as well as to provide/restore the air-conditioning services/electric supply to plaintiff's unit. Both defendants are likewise ordered to pay plaintiff:

    a. The amount of P21,626.60 as actual damages;

    b. P500,000.00 as moral damages;

    c. P50,000.00 as exemplary damages; and

    d. P50,000.00 as and for attorney's fees.

    and to return to plaintiff the excess amount collected from him for real estate taxes.

    SO ORDERED.[19]

    FDC appealed, but the CA affirmed the RTC.[20] Hence, FDC comes to us on further appeal.[21]

    Issues

    FDC claims that there was a failure to pay the correct amount of docket fee herein because the complaint did not specify the amounts of moral damages, exemplary damages, and attorney's fees; that the payment of the prescribed docket fee by Agcaoili was necessary for the RTC to acquire jurisdiction over the case; and that, consequently, the RTC did not acquire jurisdiction over this case.

    FDC also claims that the proceedings in the RTC were void because the jurisdiction over the subject matter of the action pertained to the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB); and that both the RTC and the CA erred in ruling: (a) that Agcaoili had the right to suspend payment of his monthly amortizations; (b) that FDC had no right to cancel the contract to sell; and (c) that FDC and FSCC were one and same corporation, and as such were solidarily liable to Agcaoili for damages.[22]

    Ruling

    The petition has no merit.

    I

    The filing of the complaint or other initiatory pleading and the payment of the prescribed docket fee are the acts that vest a trial court with jurisdiction over the claim.[23]  In an action where the reliefs sought are purely for sums of money and damages, the docket fees are assessed on the basis of the aggregate amount being claimed.[24] Ideally, therefore, the complaint or similar pleading must specify the sums of money to be recovered and the damages being sought in order that the clerk of court may be put in a position to compute the correct amount of docket fees.

    If the amount of docket fees paid is insufficient in relation to the amounts being sought, the clerk of court or his duly authorized deputy has the responsibility of making a deficiency assessment, and the plaintiff will be required to pay the deficiency.[25] The non-specification of the amounts of damages does not immediately divest the trial court of its jurisdiction over the case, provided there is no bad faith or intent to defraud the Government on the part of the plaintiff.[26]

    The prevailing rule is that if the correct amount of docket fees are not paid at the time of filing, the trial court still acquires jurisdiction upon full payment of the fees within a reasonable time as the court may grant, barring prescription.[27] The "prescriptive period" that bars the payment of the docket fees refers to the period in which a specific action must be filed, so that in every case the docket fees must be paid before the lapse of the prescriptive period, as provided in the applicable laws, particularly Chapter 3, Title V, Book III, of the Civil Code, the principal law on prescription of actions.[28]

    In Rivera v. Del Rosario,[29] the Court, resolving the issue of the failure to pay the correct amount of docket fees due to the inadequate assessment by the clerk of court, ruled that jurisdiction over the complaint was still validly acquired upon the full payment of the docket fees assessed by the Clerk of Court. Relying on Sun Insurance Office, Ltd., (SIOL) v. Asuncion,[30] the Court opined that the filing of the complaint or appropriate initiatory pleading and the payment of the prescribed docket fees vested a trial court with jurisdiction over the claim, and although the docket fees paid were insufficient in relation to the amount of the claim, the clerk of court or his duly authorized deputy retained the responsibility of making a deficiency assessment, and the party filing the action could be required to pay the deficiency, without jurisdiction being automatically lost.

    Even where the clerk of court fails to make a deficiency assessment, and the deficiency is not paid as a result, the trial court nonetheless continues to have jurisdiction over the complaint, unless the party liable is guilty of a fraud in that regard, considering that the deficiency will be collected as a fee in lien within the contemplation of Section 2,[31] Rule 141 (as revised by A.M. No. 00-2-01-SC).[32] The reason is that to penalize the party for the omission of the clerk of court is not fair if the party has acted in good faith.

    Herein, the docket fees paid by Agcaoili were insufficient considering that the complaint did not specify the amounts of moral damages, exemplary damages and attorney's fees. Nonetheless, it is not disputed that Agcaoili paid the assessed docket fees. Such payment negated bad faith or intent to defraud the Government.[33] Nonetheless, Agcaoili must remit any docket fee deficiency to the RTC's clerk of court.

    II

    FDC is now barred from asserting that the HLURB, not the RTC, had jurisdiction over the case. As already stated, Agcaoili filed a complaint against FDC in the RTC on February 28, 1985 after FDC disconnected the electric supply of Unit 411. Agcaoili and FDC executed a compromise agreement on August 16, 1985. The RTC approved the compromise agreement through its decision of August 26, 1985. In all that time, FDC never challenged the RTC's jurisdiction nor invoked the HLURB's authority. On the contrary, FDC apparently recognized the RTC's jurisdiction by its voluntary submission of the compromise agreement to the RTC for approval. Also, FDC did not assert the HLURB's jurisdiction in its answer to Agcaoili's second complaint (filed on March 6, 1987). Instead, it even averred in that answer that the decision of August 26, 1985 approving the compromise agreement already barred Agcaoili from filing the second complaint under the doctrine of res judicata. FDC also thereby sought affirmative relief from the RTC through its counterclaim.

    FDC invoked HLURB's authority only on September 10, 1990,[34] or more than five years from the time the prior case was commenced on February 28, 1985, and after the RTC granted Agcaoili's motion to enjoin FDC from cancelling the contract to sell.[35]

    The principle of estoppel, which is based on equity and public policy,[36] dictates that FDC's active participation in both RTC proceedings and its seeking therein affirmative reliefs now precluded it from denying the RTC's jurisdiction. Its acknowledgment of the RTC's jurisdiction and its subsequent denial of such jurisdiction only after an unfavorable judgment were inappropriate and intolerable. The Court abhors the practice of any litigant of submitting a case for decision in the trial court, and then accepting the judgment only if favorable, but attacking the judgment for lack of jurisdiction if it is not.[37]

    III

    In upholding Agcaoili's right to suspend the payment of his monthly amortizations due to the increased interest rates imposed by FDC, and because he found FDC's cancellation of the contract to sell as improper, the CA found and ruled as follows:

    It is the contention of the appellee that he has the right to suspend payments since the increase in interest rate imposed by defendant-appellant FDC is not valid and therefore cannot be given legal effect. Although Section II, paragraph d of the Contract to Sell entered into by the parties states that, "should there be an increase in bank interest rate for loans and/or other financial accommodations, the rate of interest provided for in this contract shall be automatically amended to equal the said increased bank interest rate, the date of said amendment to coincide with the date of said increase in interest rate," the said increase still needs to [be] accompanied by valid proofs and not one of the parties must unilaterally alter what was originally agreed upon. However, FDC failed to substantiate the alleged increase with sufficient proof, thus we quote with approval the findings of the lower court, to wit:

    "In the instant case, defendant FDC failed to show by evidence that it incurred loans and /or other financial accommodations to pay interest for its loans in developing the property. Thus, the increased interest rates said defendant is imposing on plaintiff is not justified, and to allow the same is tantamount to unilaterally altering the terms of the contract which the law proscribes. Article 1308 of the Civil Code provides:

    Art. 1308 - The contract must bind both contracting parties; its validity or compliance cannot be left to the will of one of them."


    For this reason, the court sees no valid reason for defendant FDC to cancel the contract to sell on ground of default or non-payment of monthly amortizations." (RTC rollo, pp. 79-80)

    It was also grave error on the part of the FDC to cancel the contract to sell for non-payment of the monthly amortizations without taking into consideration Republic Act 6552, otherwise known as the Maceda Law. The policy of law, as embodied in its title, is "to provide protection to buyers of real estate on installment payments." As clearly specified in Section 3, the declared public policy espoused by Republic Act No. 6552 is "to protect buyers of real estate on installment payments against onerous and oppressive conditions." Thus, in order for FDC to have validly cancelled the existing contract to sell, it must have first complied with Section 3 (b) of RA 6552. FDC should have refund the appellee the cash surrender value of the payments on the property equivalent to fifty percent of the total payments made. At this point, we, find no error on the part of the lower court when it ruled that:

    "There is nothing in the record to show that the aforementioned requisites for a valid cancellation of a contract where complied with by defendant FDC. Hence, the contract to sell which defendant FDC cancelled as per its letter dated August 17, 1987 remains valid and subsisting. Defendant FDC cannot by its own forfeit the payments already made by the plaintiff which as of the same date amounts to ?263,637.73."(RTC rollo, p. 81)[38]

    We sustain the aforequoted findings and ruling of the CA, which were supported by the records and relevant laws, and were consistent with the findings and ruling of the RTC. Factual findings and rulings of the CA are binding and conclusive upon this Court if they are supported by the records and coincided with those made by the trial court.[39]

    FDC's claim that it was distinct in personality from FSCC is unworthy of consideration due to its being a question of fact that cannot be reviewed under Rule 45.[40]

    Among the obligations of FDC and FSCC to the unit owners or purchasers of FSB's units was the duty to provide a centralized air-conditioning unit, lighting, electricity, and water; and to maintain adequate fire exit, elevators, and cleanliness in each floor of the common areas of FSB.[41] But FDC and FSCC failed to repair the centralized air-conditioning unit of the fourth floor of FSB despite repeated demands from Agcaoili.[42] To alleviate the physical discomfort and adverse effects on his work as a practicing attorney brought about by the breakdown of the air-conditioning unit, he installed two window-type air-conditioners at his own expense.[43] Also, FDC and FSCC failed to provide water supply to the comfort room and to clean the corridors.[44] The fire exit and elevator were also defective.[45] These defects, among other circumstances, rightly compelled Agcaoili to suspend the payment of his monthly amortizations and condominium dues. Instead of addressing his valid complaints, FDC disconnected the electric supply of his Unit 411 and unilaterally increased the interest rate without justification.[46]

    Clearly, FDC was liable for damages. Article 1171 of the Civil Code provides that those who in the performance of their obligations are guilty of fraud, negligence, or delay, and those who in any manner contravene the tenor thereof are liable for damages.

    WHEREFORE, we DENY the petition for review; AFFIRM the decision of the Court of Appeals; and DIRECT the Clerk of Court of the Regional Trial Court, Makati City, Branch 150, or his duly authorized deputy to assess and collect the additional docket fees from the respondent as fees in lien in accordance with Section 2, Rule 141 of the Rules of Court.

    SO ORDERED.

    Corona, C.J., (Chairperson), Leonardo-De Castro, Del Castillo, and Villarama, Jr., JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:


    [1] Rollo, pp. 31-41; penned by Associate Justice Eloy R. Bello, Jr. (retired) and concurred in by Associate Justice Regalado E. Maambong (retired and already deceased) and Associate Justice Lucenito N. Tagle (retired).

    [2] Original records, Volume II, pp. 1116-1128.

    [3] Id., pp. 12-31.

    [4] Id., p. 21.

    [5] Id., pp. 9-11.

    [6]   Id., p. 10.

    [7] Id., pp. 2-3 and 63.

    [8] Id., p. 32.

    [9] Id., pp. 33-45.

    [10] Id., pp. 4-5 and 63-64.

    [11] Id., pp. 46-48.

    [12] Id., pp. 6 and 64.

    [13] Id., pp. 6 and 64.

    [14] Id., p. 51.

    [15] Id., pp. 1-8.

    [16] Id., pp. 63-70.

    [17] Id., pp. 78-80.

    [18] Id., pp. 78-80.

    [19] RTC records, Volume II, pp. 1116-1128.

    [20] Rollo, pp. 31-41.

    [21] Id., pp. 6-29.

    [22] Id., p. 13.

    [23] Sun Insurance Office, Ltd., (SIOL) vs. Asuncion, G.R. Nos. 79937-38, February 13, 1989, 170 SCRA 274, 285.

    [24] Tacay vs. Regional Trial Court of Tagum, Davao Del Norte, G.R. Nos. 88075-77, December 20, 1989, 180 SCRA 433, 443.

    [25] Rivera vs. Del Rosario, G.R. No. 144934, January 15, 2004, 419 SCRA 626, 635.

    [26] Lu vs. Lu Ym, Sr. et al, G.R. No. 153690, February 15, 2011; Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation vs. Alonzo-Legasto, G.R. No. 169108, April 18, 2006, 487 SCRA 339, 350.

    [27] Ballatan v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 125683, March 2, 1999, 304 SCRA 34; citing Tacay v. RTC of Tagum, Davao del Norte, G.R. No. 88075-77, December 20, 1989, 180 SCRA 433, 444; Sun Insurance Office, Ltd. (SIOL) v. Asuncion, G.R. Nos. 79937-38, February 13, 1989, 170 SCRA 274, 285.

    [28] Central Bank of the Philippines v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 88353, May 8, 1992, 208 SCRA 652;  Pantranco North Express, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 105180, July 5, 1993, 224 SCRA 477.

    [29] G.R. No. 144934, January 15, 2004, 419 SCRA 626, 634-635.

    [30] G.R. Nos. 79937-38, February 13, 1989, 170 SCRA 274

    [31] Section 2. Fees in lien. - Where the court in its final judgment awards a claim not alleged, or a relief different from, or more than that claimed in the pleading, the party concerned shall pay the additional fees which shall constitute a lien on the judgment in satisfaction of said lien. The clerk of court shall assess and collect the corresponding fees. (n)

    [32] Resolution Amending Rule 141 (Legal Fees) of the Rules of Court; effective March 1, 2000.

    [33] Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation vs. Alonzo-Legasto, G.R. No. 169108, April 18, 2006, 487 SCRA 339, 350.

    [34] Original records, Volume I, pp. 367-369.

    [35] Id., pp. 308-311.

    [36] P.J. Lhuillier, Inc. v. National Labor Relations Commission, G.R. No. 158758, April 29, 2005, 457 SCRA 784, 793.

    [37] Bank of the Philippine Islands v. ALS Management & Development Corporation, G.R. No. 151821, April 14, 2004, 564, 575.

    [38] Rollo, pp. 37-38.

    [39] W-Red Construction and Development Corp. vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 122648, August 17, 2000, 338 SCRA 341, 345.

    [40] Durano vs. Uy, G.R. No. 136456, October 24, 2000; Mirasol vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 128448, February 1, 2001.

    [41] TSN, September 5, 1994, pp. 6-8.

    [42] Original records, Volume I, pp. 32-45.

    [43] TSN, September 5, 1994, pp. 10 and 21.

    [44] TSN, November 4, 1994, p. 24.

    [45] TSN, February 15, 1995, p. 10.

    [46] Original records, Volume I, pp. 4-6 and 63-70.

    [G.R. No. 165025 : August 31, 2011]   FEDMAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. FEDERICO AGCAOILI, RESPONDENT.


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