ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™  
Main Index Law Library Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Jurisprudence
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 









 

 
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
January-2011 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 181298 : January 10, 2011 BELLE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 176339 : January 10, 2011 DO-ALL METALS INDUSTRIES, INC., SPS. DOMINGO LIM and LELY KUNG LIM, Petitioners, v. SECURITY BANK CORP., TITOLAIDO E. PAYONGAYONG, EVYLENE C. SISON, PHIL. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY AGENCY CORP. and GIL SILOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 188792 : January 10, 2011 SPOUSES GEORGE R. TAN and SUSAN L. TAN, Petitioners, v. BANCO DE ORO UNIBANK, INC., Respondent. G.R. Nos. 190677-78 : January 10, 2011 GEORGE R. TAN and SUSAN L. TAN, Petitioners, v. BANCO DE ORO UNIVERSAL BANK, Respondent. G.R. Nos. 190699-700 : January 10, 2011 BANCO DE ORO UNIBANK, INC., Petitioner, v. GEORGE R. TAN and SUSAN L. TAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190889 : January 10, 2011 ELENITA C. FAJARDO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 180452 : January 10, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ng Yik Bun, Kwok Wai Cheng, Chang Chaun Shi, Chua Shilou Hwan, Kan Shun Min, and RaymOnd S. Tan, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 171379 : January 10, 2011 JOSE MARQUES and MAXILITE TECHNOLOGIES, INC., Petitioners, v. FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, FAR EAST BANK INSURANCE BROKERS, INC., and MAKATI INSURANCE COMPANY, Respondents. G.R. No. 171419 : January 10, 2011 FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST COMPANY and MAKATI INSURANCE COMPANY, Petitioners, v. JOSE MARQUES and MAXILITE TECHNOLOGIES, INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 181930 : January 10, 2011 MILAGROS SALTING, Petitioner, v. JOHN VELEZ and CLARISSA R. VELEZ, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-09-2188 (Formerly A.M. OCA-IPI No. 08-2995-RTJ) : January 10, 2011 PROSECUTOR HILARIO RONSON H. TILAN, Complainant, v. JUDGE ESTER PISCOSO-FLOR, RTC, BRANCH 34, BANAUE, IFUGAO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 184954 : January 10, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. JAY LORENA y LABAG, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 190122 : January 10, 2011 SPOUSES ISAGANI and DIOSDADA CASTRO, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES REGINO SE and VIOLETA DELA CRUZ, SPOUSES EDUARDO and CHARITO PEREZ and MARCELINO TOLENTINO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 188314 : January 10, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. KHADDAFY JANJALANI, GAMAL B. BAHARAN a.k.a. Tapay, ANGELO TRINIDAD a.k.a. Abu Khalil, GAPPAL BANNAH ASALI a.k.a. Maidan or Negro, JAINAL SALI a.k.a. Abu Solaiman, ROHMAT ABDURROHIM a.k.a. Jackie or Zaky, and other JOHN and JANE DOES, Accused, GAMAL B. BAHARAN a.k.a. Tapay, ANGELO TRINIDAD a.k.a. Abu Khalil, and ROHMAT ABDURROHIM a.k.a. Abu Jackie or Zaky, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 178895 : January 10, 2011 REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, represented by the DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, through the HON. SECRETARY NASSER C. PANGANDAMAN, Petitioner, v. SALVADOR N. LOPEZ AGRI-BUSINESS CORP., represented by SALVADOR N. LOPEZ, JR., President and General Manager, Respondent. G.R. No. 179071 : January 10, 2011 SALVADOR N. LOPEZ AGRI-BUSINESS CORP., represented by SALVADOR N. LOPEZ, JR., President and General Manager, Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, through the Honorable Secretary, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 179446 : January 10, 2011 LOADMASTERS CUSTOMS SERVICES, INC., Petitioner, v. GLODEL BROKERAGE CORPORATION AND R&B INSURANCE CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 182547 : January 10, 2011 CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. ARMI S. ABEL, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 168646 : January 12, 2011 LUZON DEVELOPMENT BANK, Petitioner, v. ANGELES CATHERINE ENRIQUEZ, Respondent. G.R. No. 168666 : January 12, 2011 DELTA DEVELOPMENT and MANAGEMENT SERVICES, INC., Petitioner, v. ANGELES CATHERINE ENRIQUEZ and LUZON DEVELOPMENT BANK, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 167291 : January 12, 2011 PRINCE TRANSPORT, INC. and MR. RENATO CLAROS, Petitioners, v. DIOSDADO GARCIA, LUISITO GARCIA, RODANTE ROMERO, REX BARTOLOME, FELICIANO GASCO, JR., DANILO ROJO, EDGAR SANFUEGO, AMADO GALANTO, EUTIQUIO LUGTU, JOEL GRAMATICA, MIEL CERVANTES, TERESITA CABANES, ROE DELA CRUZ, RICHELO BALIDOY, VILMA PORRAS, MIGUELITO SALCEDO, CRISTINA GARCIA, MARIO NAZARENO, DINDO TORRES, ESMAEL RAMBOYONG, ROBETO* MANO, ROGELIO BAGAWISAN, ARIEL SNACHEZ, ESTAQULO VILLAREAL, NELSON MONTERO, GLORIA ORANTE, HARRY TOCA, PABLITO MACASAET and RONALD GARCITA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 172508 : January 12, 2011 HEIRS OF SANTIAGO C. DIVINAGRACIA, Petitioner, v. HON. J. CEDRICK O. RUIZ, Presiding Judge, Branch 39, Regional Trial Court, Iloilo City; GERRY D. SUMACULUB, as Clerk of Court of the Regional Trial Court; BOMBO RADYO HOLDINGS, INC., and ROGELIO M. FLORETE, SR., Respondents

  • G.R. No. 178296 : January 12, 2011 THE HERITAGE HOTEL MANILA, acting through its owner, GRAND PLAZA HOTEL CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. NATIONAL UNION OF WORKERS IN THE HOTEL, RESTAURANT AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES-HERITAGE HOTEL MANILA SUPERVISORS CHAPTER (NUWHRAIN-HHMSC), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 179419 : January 12, 2011 DURBAN APARTMENTS CORPORATION, doing business under the name and style of City Garden Hotel, Petitioner, v. PIONEER INSURANCE AND SURETY CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. NO. 189806 : January 12, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FRANCISCO MANLANGIT y TRESBALLES, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 191721 : January 12, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ROGELIO DOLORIDO y ESTRADA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 175330 : January 12, 2010 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RODOLFO CAPITLE and ARTURO NAGARES, Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 175891 : January 12, 2011 REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. RESINS, INCORPORATED, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 176019 : January 12, 2011 BPI FAMILY SAVINGS BANK, INC., Petitioner, v. GOLDEN POWER DIESEL SALES CENTER, INC. and RENATO C. TAN, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-09-2696 [Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 08-2956-P] : January 12, 2011 FREDDY H. REYES, Complainant, v. VIVIAN L. PABILANE, COURT INTERPRETER, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, TAGKAWAYAN, QUEZON, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 190640 : January 12, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. LUIS PAJARIN y DELA CRUZ and EFREN PALLAYA y TUVIERA, Appellants.

  • A.M. No. P-06-2179 (Formerly A.M. No. 06-5-169-MCTC) : January 12, 2011 OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. MERLINDA T. CUACHON, Clerk of Court, and FE P. ALEJANO, Court Stenographer, both of the MCTC, Ilog-Candoni, Negros Occidental, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 8620 : January 12, 2011 JESSIE R. DE LEON, Complainant, v. ATTY. EDUARDO G. CASTELO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 190521 : January 12, 2011 LETICIA TAN, MYRNA MEDINA, MARILOU SPOONER, ROSALINDA TAN, and MARY JANE TAN, MARY LYN TAN, CELEDONIO TAN, JR., MARY JOY TAN, and MARK ALLAN TAN, represented herein by their mother, LETICIA TAN, Petitioners, v. OMC CARRIERS, INC. and BONIFACIO ARAMBALA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 148076 : January 12, 2011 ANTONIO M. CARANDANG, Petitioner, v. HONORABLE ANIANO A. DESIERTO, OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Respondent. G.R. No. 153161 : January 12, 2011 ANTONIO M. CARANDANG, Petitioner, v. SANDIGANBAYAN (FIFTH DIVISION), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 172378: January 17, 2011 SILICON PHILIPPINES, INC., (Formerly INTEL PHILIPPINES MANUFACTURING, INC.), Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185163 : January 17, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CARLO MAGNO AURE y ARNALDO and MELCHOR AUSTRIACO y AGUILA, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 176389 : January 18, 2011 ANTONIO LEJANO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent. G.R. No. 176864 : January 18, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. HUBERT JEFFREY P. WEBB, ANTONIO LEJANO, MICHAEL A. GATCHALIAN, HOSPICIO FERNANDEZ, MIGUEL RODRIGUEZ, PETER ESTRADA and GERARDO BIONG, Appellants.

  • CONCURRING OPINION : SERENO, J. : G.R. No. 176389 : January 18, 2011 ANTONIO LEJANO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent. G.R. No. 176864 : January 18, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. HUBERT JEFFREY P. WEBB, ANTONIO LEJANO, MICHAEL A. GATCHALIAN, HOSPICIO FERNANDEZ, MIGUEL RODRIGUEZ, PETER ESTRADA and GERARDO BIONG, Appellants.

  • A.M. No. P-10-2788 : January 18, 2011 OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. CLAUDIO M. LOPEZ, Process Server, Municipal Trial Court, Sudipen, La Union, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-09-2198*: January 18, 2011 OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. FORMER JUDGE LEONARDO L. LEONIDA, OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT BRANCH 27, STA. CRUZ, LAGUNA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 180388 : January 18, 2011 GREGORIO R. VIGILAR, SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS (DPWH), DPWH UNDERSECRETARIES TEODORO E. ENCARNACION AND EDMUNDO E. ENCARNACION AND EDMUNDO V. MIR, DPWH ASSISTANT SECRETARY JOEL L. ALTEA, DPWH REGIONAL DIRECTOR VICENTE B. LOPEZ, DPWH DISTRICT ENGINEER ANGELITO M. TWAÑO, FELIX A. DESIERTO OF THE TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP VALIDATION AND AUDITING TEAM, AND LEONARDO ALVARO, ROMEO N. SUPAN, VICTORINO C. SANTOS OF THE DPWH PAMPANGA 2ND ENGINEERING DISTRICT, Petitioners, v. ARNULFO D. AQUINO , Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 182591 : January 18, 2011 MODESTO AGYAO, JR., Petitioner, v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 165423: January 19, 2011 NILO PADRE, Petitioner, v. FRUCTOSA BADILLO, FEDILA BADILLO, PRESENTACION CABALLES, EDWINA VICARIO (d) represented by MARY JOY VICARIO-ORBETA and NELSON BADILLO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 168757: January 19, 2011 RENATO REAL, Petitioner, v. SANGU PHILIPPINES, INC. and/ or KIICHI ABE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 172577 : January 19, 2011 SOLEDAD DALTON, Petitioner, v. FGR REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, FELIX NG, NENITA NG, and FLORA R. DAYRIT or FLORA REGNER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173085 : January 19, 2011 PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, Petitioner, v. BASES CONVERSION DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES , ARMANDO SIMBILLO, CHRISTIAN MARCELO, ROLANDO DAVID, RICARDO BUCUD, PABLO SANTOS, AGRIFINA ENRIQUEZ, CONRADO ESPELETA, CATGERUBE CASTRO, CARLITO MERCADO and ALFREDO SUAREZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 178044 : January 19, 2011 ALAIN M. DIÑO, Petitioner, v. MA. CARIDAD L. DIÑO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 177937 : January 19, 2011 ROBINSONS GALLERIA/ROBINSONS SUPERMARKET CORPORATION and/or JESS MANUEL, Petitioners, v. IRENE R. RANCHEZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 187725 : January 19, 2011 BENJAMIN JESALVA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 187917 : January 19, 2011 METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES EDMUNDO MIRANDA and JULIE MIRANDA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 176264 : January 10, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. TERESITA "TESSIE" LAOGO, APPELLANT.

  • A.M. OCA IPI No. 08-127-CA-J : January 11, 2011 RE: LETTER-COMPLAINT OF ATTY. ARIEL SAMSON C. CAYETUNA, ET AL., ALL EMPLOYEES OF ASSOCIATE JUSTICE MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS AGAINST ASSOCIATE JUSTICE MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS, CA - MINDANAO STATION

  • G.R. No. 176264 : January 10, 2011 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. TERESITA "TESSIE" LAOGO, APPELLANT.

  • A.M. OCA IPI No. 08-127-CA-J : January 11, 2011 RE: LETTER-COMPLAINT OF ATTY. ARIEL SAMSON C. CAYETUNA, ET AL., ALL EMPLOYEES OF ASSOCIATE JUSTICE MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS AGAINST ASSOCIATE JUSTICE MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS, CA - MINDANAO STATION

  • A.M. No. 08-4-253-RTC : January 12, 2011 IN RE: REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 45, URDANETA CITY, PANGASINAN, AND REPORT ON THE INCIDENT AT BRANCH 49, SAME COURT.

  • G.R. No. 178741 : January 17, 2011 ROSALINO L. MARABLE, PETITIONER, VS. MYRNA F. MARABLE, RESPONDENT.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-10-2255 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 10-3335-RTJ) : January 17, 2011 SPOUSES DEMOCRITO AND OLIVIA LAGO, COMPLAINANTS, UDGE GODOFREDO B. ABUL, JR., REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 43, GINGOOG CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • G. R. No. 177790 : January 17, 2011 REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. CARLOS R. VEGA, MARCOS R. VEGA, ROGELIO R. VEGA, LUBIN R. VEGA, HEIRS OF GLORIA R. VEGA, NAMELY: FRACISCO L. YAP, MA. WINONA Y. RODRIGUEZ, MA. WENDELYN V. YAP AND FRANCISCO V. YAP, JR., RESPONDENTS, ROMEA G. BUHAY-OCAMPO, FRANCISCO G. BUHAY, ARCELI G. BUHAY-RODRIGUEZ, ORLANDO G. BUHAY, SOLEDAD G. BUHAY-VASQUEZ, LOIDA G. BUHAY-SENADOSA, FLORENDO G. BUHAY, OSCAR G. BUHAY, ERLYN BUHAY-GINORGA, EVELYN BUHAY-GRANETA, AND EMILIE BUHAY-DALLAS, RESPONDENTS-INTERVENORS.

  • G.R. No. 191459 : January 17, 2011 BERNADETH LONDONIO AND JOAN CORCORO, PETITIONERS, VS. BIO RESEARCH, INC. AND WILSON Y. ANG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-09-2173 (Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 09-3084-RTJ) : January 18, 2011] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. JUDGE BENJAMIN P. ESTRADA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 9, MALAYBALAY CITY, BUKIDNON, AND JUDGE JOSEFINA GENTILES-BACAL, RTC, BRANCH 10, MALAYBALAY CITY, BUKIDNON, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. P-03-1730 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 02-1469-P) : January 18, 2011] JUDGE PHILBERT I. ITURRALDE, MARTIN GUMARANG, VIC JUMALON, LEONARDO LUCAS, WILFREDO DEUS, CORAZON AZARRAGA AND ALICE BUENAFE, Complainants, v. OIC BRANCH CLERK OF COURT BABE SJ. RAMIREZ, CLERK VIOLETA P. FLORDELIZA AND SHERIFF IV CARLOS A. SALVADOR, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-07-2062* : January 18, 2011] IMELDA R. MARCOS, Complainant, v. JUDGE FERNANDO VIL PAMINTUAN, Respondent.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-09-2198* : January 18, 2011] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. FORMER JUDGE LEONARDO L. LEONIDA, OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT BRANCH 27, STA. CRUZ, LAGUNA, Respondent

  • [A.M. No. P-11-2887 (Formerly A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTCRe: Report on the Financial Audit Conducted on the Books of Accounts of the Municipal Trial Court, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija) : January 18, 2011] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES,CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN, NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent [A.M. NO. P-10-2880 (FORMERLY OCA IPI NO. 08-2782-P) : January 18, 2011] JUDGE ANALIE C. ALDEA-AROCENA, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES, CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent.

  • [A.M. No. 07-6-14-CA : January 18, 2011] RE: ANONYMOUS LETTER RELATIVE TO THE ALLEGED CORRUPTION IN THE COURT OF APPEALS, CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY

  • [A.M. No. P-10-2799 : January 18, 2011] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. VICTORIO A. DION, FORMER CLERK OF COURT, MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT, SAN FABIAN-SAN JACINTO, PANGASINAN, Respondents

  • [G. R. No. 175352 : January 18, 2011] DANTE V. LIBAN, REYNALDO M. BERNARDO AND SALVADOR M. VIARI, Petitioners, v. RICHARD J. GORDON, Respondent. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS, Intervenor

  • [G. R. No. 175352 : January 18, 2011] : CONCURRING OPINION - ABAD, J.: DANTE V. LIBAN, REYNALDO M. BERNARDO AND SALVADOR M. VIARI, Petitioners, v. RICHARD J. GORDON, Respondent. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS, Intervenor.

  • [G. R. No. 175352 : January 18, 2011] : DISSENTING OPINION - CARPIO, J.: DANTE V. LIBAN, REYNALDO M. BERNARDO AND SALVADOR M. VIARI, Petitioners, v. RICHARD J. GORDON, Respondent. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS, Intervenor.

  • [G.R. No. 179617 : January 19, 2011] COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. ASIAN TRANSMISSION CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 187917 : January 19, 2011] METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES EDMUNDO MIRANDA AND JULIE MIRANDA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 187725 : January 19, 2011] BENJAMIN JESALVA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 173085 : January 19, 2011] PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, Petitioner, v. BASES CONVERSION DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, ARMANDO SIMBILLO, CHRISTIAN MARCELO, ROLANDO DAVID, RICARDO BUCUD, PABLO SANTOS, AGRIFINA ENRIQUEZ, CONRADO ESPELETA, CATGERUBE CASTRO, CARLITO MERCADO AND ALFREDO SUAREZ, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. MTJ-09-1734 [FORMERLY OCA I.P.I. NO. 07-1933-MTJ] : January 19, 2011] FLORENDA V. TOBIAS, Complainant, v. JUDGE MANUEL Q. LIMSIACO, JR., PRESIDING JUDGE, MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT, VALLADOLID-SAN ENRIQUE-PULUPANDAN, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 165423 : January 19, 2011] NILO PADRE, Petitioner, v. FRUCTOSA BADILLO, FEDILA BADILLO, PRESENTACION CABALLES, EDWINA VICARIO (D) REPRESENTED BY MARY JOY VICARIO-ORBETA AND NELSON BADILLO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 154462 : January 19, 2011] SPOUSES RUBEN AND MYRNA LEYNES, Petitioners, v. FORMER TENTH DIVISION OF THE COURT OF APPEALS, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 21, BANSALAN, DAVAO DEL SUR, MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 1, BANSALAN, DAVAO DEL SUR, AND SPOUSES GUALBERTO & RENE CABAHUG-SUPERALES, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-11-2267 (Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 03-1788-RTJ) : January 19, 2011] MANSUETA T. RUBIN, Complainant, v. JUDGE JOSE Y. AGUIRRE, JR., REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 55, HIMAMAYLAN, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 185715 : January 19, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ERLINDA CAPUNO Y TISON, Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 177570 : January 19, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. NELIDA DEQUINA Y DIMAPANAN, JOSELITO JUNDOC Y JAPITANA & NORA JINGABO Y CRUZ, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 183843 : January 19, 2011] GOLDEN ARCHES DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. ST. FRANCIS SQUARE HOLDINGS, INC., Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 180909 : January 19, 2011] EXXONMOBIL PETROLEUM AND CHEMICAL HOLDINGS, INC. - PHILIPPINE BRANCH, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 178039 : January 19, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ERNESTO UYBOCO Y RAMOS, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 184063 : January 24, 2011] CYNTHIA E. YAMBAO, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND PATRICIO E. YAMBAO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 176438 : January 24, 2011] PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (PDIC), Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE COUNTRYSIDE RURAL BANK, INC., RURAL BANK OF CARMEN (CEBU), INC., BANK OF EAST ASIA (MINGLANILLA, CEBU) INC., AND PILIPINO RURAL BANK (CEBU), INC., Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 160923 : January 24, 2011] MOISES TINIO, JR. AND FRANCIS TINIO, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Respondent. [G.R. NO. 161093 : January 24, 2011] NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MOISES TINIO, JR. AND FRANCIS TINIO, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 169942 : January 24, 2011] BARANGAY DASMARIÑAS THRU BARANGAY CAPTAIN MA. ENCARNACION R. LEGASPI, Petitioner, v.CREATIVE PLAY CORNER SCHOOL, DR. AMADO J. PIAMONTE, REGINA PIAMONTE TAMBUNTING, CELINE CONCEPCION LEBRON AND CECILE CUNA COLINA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 172804 : January 24, 2011] GONZALO VILLANUEVA, REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES FROILAN AND LEONILA BRANOCO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 192280 : January 25, 2011] SERGIO G. AMORA, JR., PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND ARNIELO S. OLANDRIA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-07-2364 : January 25, 2011] REPORT ON THE FINANCIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED ON THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT OF SONIA L. DY AND ATTY. GRACIANO D. CUANICO, JR., REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, CATARMAN, NORTHERN SAMAR. A.M. NO. P-11-2902 (FORMERLY OCA I.P.I. NO. 08-2790-P) VIRGILIO O. GALLANO, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. GRACIANO D. CUANICO, JR., CLERK OF COURT, AND SONIA L. DY, SOCIAL WELFARE OFFICER II, BOTH FROM THE OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT,CATARMAN, NORTHERN SAMAR, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167622 : January 25, 2011] GREGORIO V. TONGKO, PETITIONER, VS. THE MANUFACTURERS LIFE INSURANCE CO. (PHILS.), INC. AND RENATO A. VERGEL DE DIOS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-90-488 : January 25, 2011] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR COMPLAINANT, VS. JOSE M. RAMANO, DEPUTY SHERIFF, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 140, MAKATI CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 191198 : January 26, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. NENE QUIAMANLON Y MALOG, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 187320 : January 26, 2011] ATLANTA INDUSTRIES, INC. AND/OR ROBERT CHAN, PETITIONERS, VS. APRILITO R. SEBOLINO, KHIM V. COSTALES, ALVIN V. ALMOITE, AND JOSEPH S. SAGUN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186528 : January 26, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. HEMIANO DE JESUS AND RODELO MORALES, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184202 : January 26, 2011] AQUINAS SCHOOL, PETITIONER, VS. CARPIO, J., CHAIRPERSON, NACHURA, PERALTA, ABAD, AND MENDOZA, JJ. SPS. JOSE INTON AND MA. VICTORIA S. INTON, ON THEIR BEHALF AND ON BEHALF OF THEIR MINOR CHILD, JOSE LUIS S. INTON, AND SR. MARGARITA YAMYAMIN, OP, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181833 : January 26, 2011] INTERNATIONAL FREEPORT TRADERS, INC., PETITIONER, VS. DANZAS INTERCONTINENTAL, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 181146 : January 26, 2011] THE UNIVERSITY OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION AND MO. MARIA ASSUMPTA DAVID, RVM, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND TEODORA AXALAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 192237 : January 26, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JACQUILINE PAMBID Y CORTEZ, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 179428 : January 26, 2011] PRIMO E. CAONG, JR., ALEXANDER J. TRESQUIO, AND LORIANO D. DALUYON, PETITIONERS, VS. AVELINO REGUALOS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 159471 : January 26, 2011] ATLAS CONSOLIDATED MINING AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 167459 : January 26, 2011] JOSE REYNALDO B. OCHOSA, PETITIONER, VS. BONA J. ALANO AND REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-09-2627 : January 26, 2011] REINA EDENLYNE GARCIA, COMPLAINANT, VS. ROBERT V. ALEJO, SHERIFF IV, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 142, MAKATI CITY RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-10-2817 [Formerly OCA I.P.I. No.09-3089-P] : January 26, 2011] CORAZON TENORIO, REPRESENTED BY IMELDA TENORIO-ORTIZ, COMPLAINANT, VS. ALYN C. PERLAS, SHERIFF III,RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185166 : January 26, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. MARK LESTER DELA ROSA Y SUELLO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 177685 : January 26, 2011] HEIRS OF RAMON C. GAITE, CYNTHIA GOROSTIZA GAITE AND RHOGEN BUILDERS, PETITIONERS, VS. THE PLAZA, INC. AND FGU INSURANCE CORPORATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 176819 : January 26, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. ROBERT P. BALAO, JOSEPHINE C. ANGSICO, VIRGILIO V. DACALOS, AND SANDIGANBAYAN, FIRST DIVISION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 174725 : January 26, 2011] ALEXANDER B. GATUS, Petitioner, v. SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 172224 : January 26, 2011] OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS AND DINAH C. BARRIGA, Respondents.

  • IN RE: IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION TO APPROVE THE WILL OF RUPERTA PALAGANAS WITH PRAYER FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF SPECIAL ADMINISTRATOR, MANUEL MIGUEL PALAGANAS AND BENJAMIN GREGORIO PALAGANAS, Petitioners, v. ERNESTO PALAGANAS, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 184091 : January 31, 2011] EDWARD GARRICK VILLENA AND PERCIVAL DOROJA, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, NOMAR B. DEGERON, CHRISTIAN DANDAN, AND ELIZABETH BORCELIS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 182301 : January 31, 2011] JAIME ALFEREZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND PINGPING CO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 188847 : January 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. RUFINO VICENTE, JR. Y CRUZ, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 175404 : January 31, 2011] CARGILL PHILIPPINES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. SAN FERNANDO REGALA TRADING, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 187912-14 : January 31, 2011] JOEY P. MARQUEZ, PETITIONER, VS. THE SANDIGANBAYAN 5TH DIVISION AND THE OFFICE OF THE SPECIAL PROSECUTOR, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 176287 : January 31, 2011] HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SERVICES, INC. - MEDICAL CENTER MANILA, PETITIONER, VS. HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SERVICES, INC. - MEDICAL CENTER MANILA EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION-AFW AND EDNA R. DE CASTRO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-11-2270 [FORMERLY A.M. NO. OCA IPI NO. 10-3380-RTJ] : January 31, 2011] ELADIO D. PERFECTO, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE ALMA CONSUELO DESALES-ESIDERA, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 20, CATARMAN, NORTHERN SAMAR, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185685 : January 31, 2011] OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, PETITIONER, VS. NIETO A. RACHO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 191889 : January 31, 2011] SPS. IRENEO T. FERNANDO (SUBSTITUTED BY THEIR HEIRS, RONALDO M. FERNANDO, CONCORDIA FERNANDO-JAYME, ESMERALDA M. FERNANDO, ANTONETTE M. FERNANDO-REGONDOLA, FERDINAND M. FERNANDO, AND JEAN MARIE FERNANDO-CANSANAY), AND MONSERRAT MAGSALIN FERNANDO, PETITIONERS, VS. MARCELINO T. FERNANDO, RESPONDENT. MATIAS I. FERNANDO AND PANFILO M. FERNANDO,[1] IN THEIR CAPACITY AS ADMINISTRATORS [OF THE ESTATE] OF THE LATE JULIANA T. FERNANDO, RESPONDENTS-INTERVENORS.

  • [G.R. No. 175473 : January 31, 2011] HILARIO P. SORIANO, PETITIONER, VS. HON. MARIA THERESA V. MENDOZA-ARCEGA, AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF BRANCH 17, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, MALOLOS, BULACAN; AND THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181039 : January 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. SEVILLANO DELOS REYES Y LANTICAN, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 185535 : January 31, 2011] MANILA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY, PETITIONER, VS. REYNALDO (REYMUNDO[1]) AVILA, CALIXTO AGUIRRE, AND SPS. ROLANDO AND ANGELITA QUILANG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180013 : January 31, 2011] DEL MONTE PHILIPPINES INC. EMPLOYEES AGRARIAN REFORM BENEFICIARIES COOPERATIVE (DEARBC), PETITIONER, VS. JESUS SANGUNAY AND SONNY LABUNOS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 179961 : January 31, 2011] KEPCO PHILIPPINES CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 192898 : January 31, 2011] SPOUSES ALEXANDER TRINIDAD AND CECILIA TRINIDAD, PETITIONERS, VS. VICTOR ANG, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 168501 : January 31, 2011] ISLRIZ TRADING/ VICTOR HUGO LU, PETITIONER, VS. EFREN CAPADA, LAURO LICUP, NORBERTO NIGOS, RONNIE ABEL, GODOFREDO MAGNAYE, ARNEL SIBERRE, EDMUNDO CAPADA, NOMERLITO MAGNAYE AND ALBERTO DELA VEGA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186120 : January 31, 2011] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. EVANGELINE SOBANGEE Y EDAÑO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 190889 : January 10, 2011] ELENITA C. FAJARDO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-09-2189 (Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 08-2837-RTJ) : January 18, 2011] VICTORIANO SY,COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE OSCAR E. DINOPOL, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 24, KORONADAL CITY, RESPONDENT. D E C I S I O N

  •  





     
     

    [A.M. No. P-11-2887 (Formerly A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTCRe: Report on the Financial Audit Conducted on the Books of Accounts of the Municipal Trial Court, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija) : January 18, 2011]   OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES,CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN, NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent  [A.M. NO. P-10-2880 (FORMERLY OCA IPI NO. 08-2782-P) : January 18, 2011]  JUDGE ANALIE C. ALDEA-AROCENA, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES, CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent.

     
    EN BANC

    [A.M. No. P-11-2887 (Formerly A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTCRe: Report on the Financial Audit Conducted on the Books of Accounts of the Municipal Trial Court, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija) : January 18, 2011]

    OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES,CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN, NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent

    [A.M. NO. P-10-2880 (FORMERLY OCA IPI NO. 08-2782-P) : January 18, 2011]

    JUDGE ANALIE C. ALDEA-AROCENA,
    Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES, CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent.

    D E C I S I O N

    PER CURIAM:

     

    For resolution are the present administrative matters which were consolidated pursuant to the Court's Resolution of March 9, 2009.[1]

    The Antecedents

    A.M. No. P-10-2880 arose from the 1st Indorsement, dated February 19, 2008, with accompanying documents[2] of Judge Analie C. Aldea-Arocena [Municipal Trial Court (MTC), Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija] to Executive Judge Cicero D. Jurado of the Regional Trial Court [(RTC), Branch 38, San Jose City] , informing him of the alleged failure of Ms. Marissa U. Angeles (Clerk of Court of the MTC, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija) to remit/deposit cash and bail bonds and other collections of the court.  A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTC, on the other hand, pertains to the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) Audit Team's Report[3] on the financial examination conducted on the books of accounts of the MTC in Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija, for the period March 1, 1992 to February 28, 2008.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    On November 26, 2008, the Court resolved to:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    1. TREAT the 1st Indorsement dated February 19, 2008 of Judge Arocena as an administrative complaint for Grave Misconduct against Clerk of Court Angeles;
    2. TREAT Clerk of Court Angeles' letter to Judge Arocena dated January 14, 2008 as her comment to the complaint against her;
    3. REFER the complaint to Executive Judge Jurado, Jr. for investigation, report and recommendation within sixty (60) days from notice; and
    4. SUSPEND Clerk of Court Angeles from office effective immediately upon receipt hereof, until further orders from this Court.[4]

    Further, the Court required the  Court Management Office (CMO) of the OCA to submit the corresponding audit report.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    In the meantime, Judge Cynthia Martinez Florendo was appointed acting presiding judge of the RTC, Branch 38,  San Jose City, and as Executive Judge of the RTC, San Jose City, replacing Judge Jurado who transferred to the RTC, Manila on January 16, 2008.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    On March 12, 2009, pursuant to the Court's Resolution of November 26, 2008, the case records of A.M. No. P-06-2276 (formerly OCA IPI No. 03-16-03), entitled "Beatriz F. Villar v. Marissa U. Angeles," were transmitted[5] to Judge Florendo, prompting her to request that she be given the authority to investigate A.M. No. P-10-2880 in her capacity as Executive Judge.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Upon the OCA's recommendation, the Court, in its Resolution dated November 16, 2009,[6] granted Judge Florendo's request for authority to investigate A.M. No. P-10-2880.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    In the resolution[7] consolidating the two cases, the Court directed Angeles to (1) restitute the balance of the Judiciary Development Fund (JDF) shortage of P398.20, and submit to the OCA the machine-validated copy of the deposit slip as proof; and (2) submit valid documents that withdrawn cash bonds and undeposited cash bond collections amounting to P64,200.00 and P64,000.00, respectively, were deposited in the Court's Fiduciary Fund (FF) savings account, or were refunded to the concerned bondsmen/litigants; otherwise, to restitute these amounts.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    The Court also directed Ms. Ligaya G. Linsangan, court interpreter and former OIC clerk of court of the same court, to (1) restitute P3,000.00, representing withdrawals of cash bonds, by depositing the amount to the Court's FF savings account, and submit to the OCA a machine-validated deposit slip as proof; (2) submit to the OCA machine-validated copies of deposit slips of undeposited cash bond collections amounting to P40,000.00, otherwise, to restitute the amount; and (3) submit to the OCA valid documents (court order, acknowledgement receipt or official receipt) supporting the withdrawals made on the Court's FF savings account, amounting to P15,695.98.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    The Court likewise directed Mrs. Nirvana P. Rubi, OIC court interpreter, to submit to the OCA valid documents supporting the withdrawals made on the FF savings account amounting to P11,000.00.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Finally, the Court directed Judge Arocena to ensure strict compliance with the Court's issuances, particularly on the handling of judiciary funds, to avoid repetition of the same accountability problem that involved Angeles and Linsangan.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Judge Florendo's Evaluation and Recommendation

    In  an  "Evaluation  and Recommendation" dated November 27, 2009,[8] Judge Florendo recommended Angeles' dismissal for dishonesty and grave misconduct. The recommendation was based on the facts outlined below.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    On November 20, 2007, Marissa Uraga, the common-law wife of Ramon Tuazon, the accused in Criminal Case No. 2752, executed an affidavit stating that she deposited with Angeles P12,000.00 representing her husband's bail bond, only to find out later that the receipt Angeles issued was only for P6,000.00.[9] Further, a Ms. Vivian Tuazon also executed an affidavit stating that she gave P500.00 to Angeles on October 28, 2006, as additional payment for the bail bond of his brother in the same case, but Angeles did not issue a receipt for the amount.[10]

    By memorandum dated January 8, 2008, Judge Arocena asked Angeles to comment on the allegations contained in the two affidavits.[11] In another memorandum dated February 5, 2008, Judge Arocena directed Angeles to remit to the MTC a total of P13,000.00 representing (1) the bail bond in Criminal Case No. 7664 (People of the Philippines v. Freddie Joaquin and Dario Joaquin) under O.R. No. 12575739 for P10,000.00, and (2) the bail bond deposit in Criminal Case No. 2670 (People of the Philippines v. Romeo Borja, et al.) under O.R. No. 12575748 for P3,000.00, to be deposited in the Land Bank of the Philippines, Cabanatuan City.[12]   In a third memorandum dated February 5, 2008, Judge Arocena directed Angeles to remit to the Court the P8,000 she received from one Jose Presto as partial settlement in Civil Case No. 235.[13]

    On January 15, 2008, Angeles submitted her letter/comment[14] denying receipt of P12,000.00 from Uraga. She claimed that what she received was only the reduced bail bond of P6,000.00. She admitted receipt of P500.00 from Vivian Tuazon but explained that the amount represented the bail bond fee. She also admitted receipt of P8,000.00 from the defendant in Civil Case No. 235 but claimed that it was given for safekeeping until the settlement amount could be raised. She disclosed that in 2002, Court Interpreter Ligaya Linsangan replaced her as accountable officer; since then, she had never handled any money matters for the court.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Judge Florendo commenced investigation of the administrative matter on September 9, 2009. The matter was submitted for resolution on November 20, 2009. On the same day, Angeles tendered her resignation.[15]

    Judge Florendo's Findings

    Judge Florendo's findings were clearly laid out and its pertinent portions are reproduced below.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    In her Position Paper dated October 29, 2009, respondent attached as Annex "C"  the Sinumpaang Salaysay of Marissa Uraga and Vivian Tuazon dated March 12, 2008 wherein they swore that:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    2.
    Na pinirmahan naming (sic) ang nasabing affidavits (referring to the Affidavit they signed on November 20, 2007) nang hindi nauunawaan ang mga nilalaman xxx
     
     
    3.
    Na aming nauunawaan na ang ibinigay naming P6,000.00 (at hindi P12,000.00 katulad ng nasaad sa affidavit) xxx
     
     
    5.
    Na amin nang pinapawalang bias (sic) ang mga nakasaad sa aming naunang Affidavit sapagkat hindi namin nauunawaan ang mga nakasaad dito xxx
     
     
    6.
    Na aming pinatutunayan na walang anumang naging pagkukulang o pagkakamali si Gng. Marissa Angeles xxx.

    To strengthen her defense, respondent thru counsel presented Marissa Uraga as witness. During the examination however, testimony of said witness proved to be more of evidence for the complainant rather than for the respondent. Part of her testimony enunciates:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Q.
    Miss Marissa, why did you sign this Sinumpaang Salaysay dated March 12, 2008?
     
     
    A.
    I signed the document because she returned the amount of Php6,000.00 which is the reduced bail for my husband xxx
     
     
    Q.
    And what is the Php6,000.00 you are referring to as an (sic) amount returned to you by Miss Marissa Angeles?
     
     
    A.
    It was intended for my husband's bailbond which was originally in the amount of Php12,000.00. We gave her Php12,000.00 wherein it was reduced into (sic) Php6,000.00 and the amount of Php6,000.00 was returned to me.
     
     
    Q.
    When did you give this Php12,000.00?
     
     
    A.
    (witness is trying to recall the date and said October 2007)
     
     
    Q.
    And when was this Php6,000.00 returned to you?
     
     
    A.
    March 12, 2008, ma'am. (page 8 of TSN dated November 16, 2009)

    Vivian Tuazon was also presented by the respondent as witness.  She stated the following during her examination:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Q.
    No. 5; Na amin nang pinapawalang bisa ang mga nakasaad sa aming naunang Affidavit sapagkat hindi namin nauunawaan ang mga nakasaad dito xxx
     
     
    A.
    No sir, but we are withdrawing the said affidavit because the amount of Php6,000.00 has been returned to us xxx
     
     
    Q.
    What is your reason why you signed this Sinumpaang Salaysay (referring to the Salaysay dated March 12, 2008).
     
     
    A.
    My reason is since the document was that (sic) they paid us the amount of Php6,000.00 and therefore there was nothing to argue about. (page[s] 16-17 of TSN dated November 16, 2009)

    Said testimonies only proved that it was in fact Php12,000.00 which was handed to the respondent as reflected in the first affidavit and the testimonies during direct examination, and not the reduced amount of Php6,000.00. It also proved that Marissa Uraga did not seek to reduce the bail fixed at Php12,000.00, otherwise, she could just have tendered the amount of Php6,000.00. Said testimony likewise show (sic) that respondent returned the Php6,000.00-excess only on March 12, 2008 or almost five (5) months after having received the same from the bondsman and on the same date the Sinumpaang Salaysay refuting the first Affidavit was executed.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Respondent took the witness stand on November 20, 2009 and with the intention of rebutting having received the amount of Php12,000.00, presented as proof the order of the late Judge Joselito R. Dela Cruz dated October 27, 2006 wherein it was stated that the accused in Criminal Case No. 2752, posted his cash bond in the amount of Php6,000.00 (Exh. "2").chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Review of said order however clearly shows that the original amount written was twelve thousand pesos but the word twelve and the number 12 [were] erased and [were] replaced by six and 6, respectively, without any initial.  Said erasures heightened doubt on the mind of the Court. Even giving the respondent the benefit of the doubt that she did not cause the erasures in said Order, still, she was not able to explain why she did not call the attention of Marissa Uraga when the latter tendered the amount of Php12,000.00 when she (respondent) could just have received the amount of Php6,000.00 plus Php500.00 as bailbond fee or better yet, upon receipt of Php12,000.00, she could just handed back the amount of Php5,500.00 to Marissa Uraga.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    In the instant case, respondent returned the money only on March 12, 2008, five (5) months after the deposit of Php12,000.00 was made. For her receipt of money in excess of the deposit required and for failure to return said excess immediately to the bondsman, there is clear violation of her duty as Clerk of Court, as collection officer, and as an employee of the government. Said violations constitute grave misconduct and make her unworthy of trust. "As public servant and as an officer of the court, the Clerk of Court must exhibit at all times the highest sense of honesty and integrity." (A.M. No. P-94-1031, July 1, 2003) Clearly, respondent fell short of the honesty required of her by the position she holds. Under Section 52 [,]  Rule IV of the Administrative Rules of Procedure, dishonesty is a grave offense which has a corresponding penalty of dismissal for first offense.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Dishonesty which is defined by the Civil Service Commission (CSC) as "any act of which shows lack of integrity or a disposition to defraud, cheat, deceive or betray. It consists of an intent to violate the truth, in a matter of fact relevant to one's office or connected with the performance of his duties xxx" (A.M. No. P-05-1985, Civil Service Commission vs. Santos, Ernie P. Perocho, Jr.)[.]

    In the instant case, the failure of the respondent to call the attention of Marissa Uraga regarding the excess of the amount paid is an indication of predisposition to defraud her. "The Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees enunciates the State's policy of promoting high standard of ethics and utmost responsibility in the public service and no other office in the government service exacts a greater demand for moral righteousness and uprightness from an employee than in the judiciary" (Bellosillo vs. Rivera, 435 Phil. 1)[.]

    As to the failure to issue the corresponding
    official receipt upon payment

    Vivian Tuazon in her affidavit dated November 20, 2007 stated that the respondent did not issue receipt upon her payment of the additional Php500.00.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Likewise during Marissa Uraga's testimony[,]  she stated the foregoing:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    "Q.
    When you said Php12,000.00, were you not issued a receipt to the amount of Php12,000.00?
     
     
    A.
    She told me there was no receipt available then." (page 9, TSN dated November 16, 2009)

    Both evidence proved that respondent failed to issue official receipts for said transactions.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Likewise, respondent admitted having received Php8,000.00 from Jose Presto, one of the defendants in Civil Case No. 235 representing settlement to BSKI alleging in her letter dated January 14, 2008 that "I (respondent) received said amount for safekeeping only. It is our customary practice with then late Judge Joselito R. Dela Cruz to receive money for settlement if the defendant has insufficient amount for the settlement of his obligation." Despite having received another Memorandum on February 5, 2008 requiring her to remit said money to the Court, respondent was able to remit the same only on March 10, 2008. (Annex "D" of the Motion to Admit Addendum to Respondent's Position Paper)

    There was no showing that respondent issued receipt for said deposit.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Clerks of Court, being accountable officers, are mandated to requisition  receipts from  proper  agencies, such  as the Property Division of the Office of the Court Administrator, since "issuance of temporary  receipts  is prohibited." (2.1.2.3b.3 of the 2002 Revised Manual for Clerks of Court) Thus, issuance of temporary receipts, more so  none issuance at all as in this case, is a clear violation of said prohibition as it would create doubt on the validity of said exactions and would have an effect on the trustworthiness of the employee as well as the Court itself.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    As to the failure to immediately remit to the
    Fiduciary Savings Account with the LBP the cash bonds
    deposited by the accused in Criminal Cases 2664 and 2670

    On January 15, 2008, respondent acknowledged receipt of "the amount xxx P10,000 PESOS, bail bond deposit in Criminal Case No. 2664 xxx under date of April 25, 2005 xxx and the amount of xxx P3,000 PESOS xxx bail bond deposit in Criminal Case No. 2670 xxx." (Rollo, page 29)

    And on her letter addressed to Judge Arocena, after having received Memorandum No. 2 requiring her to remit said bail bond to LBP, respondent even asked for an extension to remit said accountabilities until February 29, 2008. (Rollo, page 34)

    Said  acknowledgement  and  letter proved  respondent's  failure to deposit to LBP the said bonds immediately[,]  in clear violation of circulars.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    SC Circular Nos. 13-92 and 5-93 provide the guidelines for the proper administration of court funds. It is mandated therein that all fiduciary collections "shall be deposited immediately  by the Clerk of Court concerned, upon receipt thereof, with an authorized government depository bank." In page 392 of The 2002 Revised Manual for Clerks of Court, i.e. 2.1.2.2.c.1, it was mandated that "(a)ll collections from bail bonds, rental deposits and other fiduciary collections shall be deposited immediately by the Clerk of Court concerned, upon receipt thereof, with an authorized government depository bank, the Land Bank of the Philippines."

    In the instant case, respondent Angeles violated the foregoing guidelines issued by the Court. Clearly, there was gross neglect of duty. The records show that respondent received several bail bond deposits but failed to remit the same to the LBP. Undoubtedly, respondent committed a serious infraction in her failure to deposit on time the court's collection. Her subsequent turnover of said cash deposits will not exonerate her from liability.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    "Clerks of Court are presumed to know their duty to immediately deposit with the authorized government depositories the various funds they receive, for they are not supposed to keep funds in their personal possession. Even undue delay in the remittances of the amounts that they collect at the very least constitutes misfeasance." (A.M. No. P-05-2065, April 2, 2009)

    Her failure to deposit said amount is prejudicial to the Court since it was not able to earn interest income during the time the same was in respondent's possession. Likewise, failure to immediately remit the same after having been mandated to do so, creates on the mind of the Court the possibility that said money was appropriated by the respondent for her personal use.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    "Such conduct raises grave doubts regarding the trustworthiness and integrity of the employee. The failure to remit the funds in due time constitutes gross dishonesty and gross misconduct. It diminishes the faith of the people in the Judiciary. Dishonesty, being in the nature of a grave offense, carries the extreme penalty of dismissal from the service even if committed for the first time." (Ibid)

    As to failure to remit to the proper authorities
    monies received for safekeeping immediately upon suspension

    For the sake of argument, supposing it is valid for her to safe keep monies for settlement without corresponding receipt, perusal of the records would show, despite respondent's allegation in her position paper that said money remained intact, that respondent was able to remit only said amount to the OIC Clerk of Court on March 10, 2008, or more than a month after having received Judge Arocena's mandate for her to remit the same.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    This belated remittance likewise creates doubt as to the integrity and trustworthiness of the respondent.[16]

    The Court's Ruling

    We find Judge Florendo's recommendation to be well-founded.  As the judge  aptly  put it,  Angeles failed to dispute or disprove the charges against her.  We, thus, find Angeles liable for (1) failure to immediately account for the excess in the cash bond she received; (2) failure to issue appropriate  receipts;  (3) failure to safekeep monies received; and, (4) failure to remit/deposit cash bonds in the government depository (Land Bank of the Philippines) upon receipt. Angeles' infractions constituted dishonesty and grave misconduct for which she deserves to be dismissed from the service.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    Angeles' resignation, as Judge Florendo noted, is of no consequence, as there is no showing in the records that the Court accepted her resignation. Even as Judge Florendo believed that Angeles should be dismissed from the service, she, nonetheless, recommended that Angeles be allowed to enjoy her accrued benefits in recognition of her 25 years of service in the government.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    We  now  consider A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTC where the Court directed[17] Angeles to (1) restitute the balance of the JDF amounting to P398.20, and submit to the CMO-OCA  a  copy  of the machine-validated deposit slip as proof of the restitution; and (2) submit valid documents showing that withdrawn cash bonds amounting to P64,200.00 and undeposited cash bonds of P64,000.00 were deposited in the Court's FF or were refunded to the concerned bondsmen/litigants, otherwise, to restitute said amounts.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    On May 15, 2009, Angeles submitted to the OCA her memorandum of compliance with the Court's directives.[18] It was accompanied by several annexes purporting to show in detail her compliance, but the OCA does not appear to have validated the compliance. In this light, we find that compliance with the Court's directives of March 9, 2009 needs to be validated; otherwise, the proceeds of her separation benefits shall be applied to her accountabilities.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    WHEREFORE, premises considered, Ms. Marissa U. Angeles, Clerk of Court II, MTC, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija, is declared LIABLE for dishonesty and grave misconduct, and is DISMISSED from the service with forfeiture of all benefits except accrued leave credits, if any, and with prejudice to her re-employment in any branch or service of the government, including government-owned and controlled corporations.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    The Court Management Office of the Office of the Court Administrator is DIRECTED to validate and confirm Angeles' compliance with the Court's directives of March 9, 2009; otherwise, part or the whole of what Angeles shall receive as accrued benefits should answer for her accountabilities, if any.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    SO ORDERED.

    Corona, C.J., Carpio, Carpio Morales, Velasco, Jr., Nachura, Leonardo De Castro, Brion, Peralta, Bersamin, Del Castillo, Abad, Villarama, Jr., Mendoza, and Sereno, JJ., concur.
    Perez, J. no part. Acted on the matter as Court Administrator.



    Endnotes:


    [1] Rollo (A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTC), p. 52.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [2] Rollo (A.M. No. P-10-2880), pp. 167-170.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [3] Rollo (A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTC), pp. 4-10.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [4] Rollo (A.M. No. P-10-2880), p. 1.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [5] Id. at 118.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [6] Id. at 85.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [7] Supra note 1.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [8] Rollo (A.M. No. P-10-2280), pp. 274-281.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [9] Id. at 176.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [10] Id. at 177.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [11] Id. at 168.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [12] Id. at 169.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [13] Id. at 170.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [14] Id. at 171.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [15] Supra note 8, at 7, par. 3.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [16] A.M. No. P-10-2880, pp. 276.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [17] Supra note 1.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

    [18] Rollo (A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTC), pp. 56-71.

    [A.M. No. P-11-2887 (Formerly A.M. No. 09-2-32-MTCRe: Report on the Financial Audit Conducted on the Books of Accounts of the Municipal Trial Court, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija) : January 18, 2011]   OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES,CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN, NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent  [A.M. NO. P-10-2880 (FORMERLY OCA IPI NO. 08-2782-P) : January 18, 2011]  JUDGE ANALIE C. ALDEA-AROCENA, Complainant, v. MARISSA U. ANGELES, CLERK OF COURT II, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, PANTABANGAN NUEVA ECIJA, Respondent.


    Back to Home | Back to Main

     

    QUICK SEARCH

    cralaw

       

    cralaw



     
      Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
    ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
     
    RED