Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > August 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 205004, August 17, 2016 - SPOUSES ERNESTO IBIAS, SR. AND GONIGONDA IBIAS, Petitioners, v. BENITA PEREZ MACABEO, Respondent.:




G.R. No. 205004, August 17, 2016 - SPOUSES ERNESTO IBIAS, SR. AND GONIGONDA IBIAS, Petitioners, v. BENITA PEREZ MACABEO, Respondent.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

G.R. No. 205004, August 17, 2016

SPOUSES ERNESTO IBIAS, SR. AND GONIGONDA IBIAS, Petitioners, v. BENITA PEREZ MACABEO, Respondent.

D E C I S I O N

CARPIO, J.:

The Case

G.R. No. 205004 is a petition for review1 assailing the Decision2 promulgated on 30 May 2012 as well as the Resolution3 promulgated on 11 December 2012 by the Court of Appeals (CA) in CA-G.R. CV No. 88552. The CA affirmed the Decision4 dated 7 March 2006 of Branch 33 of the Regional Trial Court of Manila (RTC) in Civil Case No. 01-102236.

The RTC ruled in favor of respondent Benita Perez Macabeo (Benita) and against petitioners Spouses Ernesto Ibias, Sr. (Ernesto) and Gonigonda Ibias (collectively, Spouses Ibias) and ordered the Register of Deeds of Manila to cancel Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT) No. 245124 under the name of the Spouses Ibias and reinstate TCT No. 24605.

The Facts
The CA recited the facts as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary[Benita] filed a complaint for annulment of title against [Spouses Ibias] on 12 November 2001. She averred, among others, that she is one of the heirs of Albina Natividad Y. Perez and Marcelo Ibias, both deceased and registered owners of the parcel of land covered by [TCT] No. 24605 of the Register of Deeds of Manila. On 13 August 1999, [Ernesto] executed an Affidavit of Loss alleging that the Owner's Duplicate of TCT No. 24605 was missing among his files. In support of his petition for reconstitution, he testified that said owner's duplicate [of] title was lost while in his parents' possession. Such petition was granted and the title was reconstituted, now TCT No. 245124 under the names of [Spouses Ibias]. For this reason, [Benita] filed a perjury case against defendant-appellant Ernesto docketed as Criminal Case No. 348152 pending before the Metropolitan Trial Court (MeTC) of Manila.

[Benita] averred that defendant-appellant Ernesto made it appear that the title was lost or misplaced while in the possession of the registered owners when in truth and in fact, he knew fully well that said title was in the possession of [Benita]. Proof of such knowledge was shown by his letter dated 23 July 1999 where he asked [Benita] for TCT No. 24605, which was in the latter's possession. At the time defendant-appellant Ernesto executed the Affidavit of Loss and filed his petition for reconstitution, he knew that the title was intact and in the possession of [Benita]. The issuance of the reconstituted title in favor of [the Spouses Ibias] thus deprived [Benita] and her other siblings of their right over the subject property.

Defendant-appellant Ernesto countered that he is the registered owner of the land described in TCT No. 245124. He claimed that he and his late brother Rodolfo are the only heirs of Marcelo and Albina Ibias. The subject property was acquired and titled sometime in 1950. He and his late parents have been living in the same house during the lifetime of the latter. After the death of his parents, he diligently exerted efforts to locate TCT No. 24605 but [these] attempts proved futile. He inquired from his half-sister, plaintiff-appellee Benita Macabeo, about the whereabouts of said title. [Benita] claimed that she was in possession of the title but asked defendant-appellant Ernesto for the amount of PI 1,000.00 in exchange for the title and as her share in the property. Defendant-appellant Ernesto paid said amount, but when he asked for the turnover of the title, [Benita] failed to deliver the title nor show the document. Defendant-appellant Ernesto was thus convinced that [Benita] had neither possession nor knowledge of the whereabouts of the title.

Believing in good faith that the title was indeed lost, he executed the Affidavit of Loss dated 13 August 1999. Thereafter, he instituted a petition for issuance of new owner's duplicate certificate of title. [Benita] did not oppose or object to the petition. Eventually, the new TCT No. 245124 was issued in favor of [Spouses Ibias] by the Register of Deeds.5

The RTC's Ruling

The RTC ruled in favor of Benita.

The RTC stated that Ernesto's assertions did not coincide with its findings. When Ernesto filed a petition for reconstitution on 19 August 1999, Ernesto claimed that the owner's duplicate of TCT No. 24605 was lost. However, Ernesto knew that the title was in Benita's possession. Ernesto himself wrote a letter dated 23 July 1999 to Benita to ask for the title. Prior to this, Ernesto borrowed the title from Benita in 1996 for the connection of his water system to NAWASA.

Ernesto also falsely declared in the Deed of Extrajudicial Settlement of Estate with Waiver of Rights that he and his brother Rodolfo Ibias are the only surviving heirs of Albina Natividad. Ernesto and Rodolfo actually have four older half-sisters with their mother Albina: Avelina, Abuendia, Seferiana, and Benita. To the RTC, it is clear that Ernesto was able to procure the new title in his name through fraudulent means.

The dispositive portion of the RTC's decision reads:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
WHEREFORE, judgment is hereby rendered in favor of [Benita] and against the [Spouses Ibias]. The Register of Deeds of Manila is ordered to cause the cancellation of Transfer Certificate of Title No. 245124 under [the] name of [Spouses Ibias] and REINSTATE TCT No. 24605. The [Spouses Ibias are] ordered to pay the costs of the suit. The counter-claim is DISMISSED for lack of merit.

SO ORDERED.6
The Spouses Ibias filed a notice of appeal7 on 19 July 2006. The RTC released an Order8 elevating the complete records of the case on 26 July 2006.

The CA's Ruling

The CA dismissed the Spouses Ibias' appeal and affirmed the decision of the RTC.

The CA affirmed, the RTC's findings of fact. Ernesto knew that TCT No. 24605 was with Benita for safekeeping. Ernesto's 23 July 1999 letter to Benita categorically stated that he asked for TCT No. 24605 and acknowledged that the TCT was in her possession. Ernesto wrote:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
Sa kadahilanang nabanggit sa itaas ako at ang aking kapatid na si RODOLFO IBIAS ay tuwiran hinihingi sa iyo ang titulo ng lupa na may No. 24605 na nasa iyong pag-iingat. x x x9
In her letter to Ernesto dated 16 August 1999, Benita explained that the money for the purchase of the land came from the GSIS death benefit of her sister Abuendia Natividad Perez (Abuendia). It was Abuendia's wish to put the title of the property in their mother's name. The name of Ernesto's father, Marcelo, was in TCT No. 24605 only because he was married to Albina. Marcelo had no capacity to buy the property. The PI 1,000 was for the purpose of including the names of their siblings Rodolfo Ibias and Avelina Perez. The title was in Benita's possession only because Albina entrusted it to her. Benita wrote:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
Para sa kaalam [sic] mo, totoong matagal nang nasa pag-iingat ko ang kopya ng titulo ng ating lupa. Hindi ko iyon tinatanggi. Ito'y nasa akin hindi dahil sa gusto ko itong kamkamin (katulad ng gusto mo ngayong palabasin) kundi dahil sa ito'y inihabilin sa akin ng ating namatay na inang si ALBINA NATIVIDAD y PEREZ at ito'y alam mo, aminin mo man o hindi.10
The Spouses Ibias did not dispute these letters. The correspondence shows that Ernesto knew that Benita had the owner's duplicate of TCT No. 24605 in her possession prior to the filing of the present case. The CA identified the strained relations between the parties as the reason why Ernesto could not compel Benita to turn over the owner's duplicate of TCT No. 24605 to him. The CA concluded that because the Spouses Ibias could not force Benita to give them the title, Ernesto executed an Affidavit of Loss so as to pull one over on Benita. The tenor of the correspondence belies the Spouses Ibias' claim of good faith when the Affidavit of Loss was executed.

Ernesto falsely stated in the Deed of Extrajudicial Settlement of Estate with Waiver of Rights that he and his brother Rodolfo are the only surviving heirs of Albina and Marcelo. However, in his 23 July 1999 letter, as well as in his pleadings, Ernesto asserted that he and Benita have the same mother.

Ernesto also impliedly recognized Benita's right over the property when he claimed to have given her PI 1,000 as her supposed share in the property.

Both Benita's and Ernesto's witnesses testified that Marcelo had no resources to purchase the land. Flordeliza Natividad, Benita's witness, testified that Abuendia was the breadwinner of the family and purchased the land on installment. When Abuendia passed away, her family used her death benefits to make full payment for the land. Pedro Mercado, Ernesto's witness, testified that Marcelo had not been working since 1949. Ernesto did not present any evidence to show that Marcelo had the resources to buy the land.
The CA summarized its findings as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryIn view of the above documentary and testimonial evidence, the court a quo was correct in canceling TCT No. 245124 and reinstating TCT No. 24605. There is preponderance of evidence to prove that [the Spouses Ibias] knew for a fact that TCT No. 24605 was not lost, but in the possession of [Benita]. There is also clear and convincing evidence that [the Spouses Ibias] committed fraud or fraudulent acts in order to obtain the reconstituted title. By omitting material facts and perpetrating untruths in the affidavit of loss, petition for reconstitution, and deed of extrajudicial settlement, [the Spouses Ibias] were issued TCT No. 245124 to the damage and prejudice of [Benita] and the other legal heirs of Albina Natividad.11
The Spouses Ibias filed their Motion for Reconsideration12 on 19 June

2012, while Benita filed her Comment13 on 14 August 2012.

The CA denied the Spouses Ibias' motion in a Resolution14 dated 11 December 2012. The CA stated that the Spouses Ibias merely rehashed the same issues which were already passed upon by the CA in their decision, and there was no cogent reason or novel issue to warrant a modification or reversal of the decision.

The Spouses Ibias filed the present petition for review on 1 February 2013, Benita filed her comment on 2 May 2013. On 17 July 2013, this Court required the Spouses Ibias to file a reply to the comment within 10 days from notice. This period expired on 27 September 2013.15 On 11 June

2014, this Court issued another Resolution denying the Spouses Ibias' petition for failure to comply with our lawful order without any valid cause. On 26 August 2014, the Spouses Ibias filed a motion for reconsideration of our 11 June 2014 Resolution. We granted the Spouses Ibias' motion in a Resolution dated 1 October 2014. The Spouses Ibias filed a manifestation stating that they reiterate the contents and allegations in their petition and adopt the same as their reply.

The Issue

The Spouses Ibias presented this sole assignment of error:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
With all due respect, the Honorable Court of Appeals committed a reversible error when it affirmed the order of the court a quo cancelling the Transfer Certificate of Title No. 24512[4] issued in the name of Spouses Ernesto Ibias Sr. and Gonigonda Ibias as well as the reinstatement of TCT No. 24605, as the assailed decision contravenes the established facts of the case; the evidence presented by the parties; and existing law and jurisprudence on the matter.16
In her Comment,17 Benita contends that the CA did not commit any reversible error in cancelling TCT No. 245124 and reinstating TCT No. 24605.

The Court's Ruling

The petition has no merit. The RTC and CA were correct in cancelling TCT No. 245124 and reinstating TCT No. 24605.
Alonso v. Cebu Country Club, Inc.18 described reconstitution, thus:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryThe reconstitution of a title is simply the re-issuance of a lost duplicate certificate of title in its original form and condition. It does not determine or resolve the ownership of the land covered by the lost or destroyed title. A reconstituted title, like the original certificate of title, by itself does not vest ownership of the land or estate covered thereby.
Ernesto claimed loss of TCT No. 24605, and instituted reconstitution proceedings. Presidential Decree No. 1529 (PD 1529) provides for the procedure in case of loss of an owner's duplicate certificate of title:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
Section 109. Notice and replacement of lost duplicate certificate. -In case of loss or theft of an owner's duplicate certificate of title, due notice under oath shall be sent by the owner or by someone in his behalf to the Register of Deeds of the province or city where the land lies as soon as the loss or theft is discovered. If a duplicate certificate is lost or destroyed, or cannot be produced by a person applying for the entry of a new certificate to him or for the registration of any instrument, a sworn statement of the fact of such loss or destruction may be filed by the registered owner or other person in interest and registered.

Upon the petition of the registered owner or other person in interest, the court may, after-notice and due hearing, direct the issuance of a new duplicate certificate, which shall contain a memorandum of the fact that it is issued in place of the lost duplicate certificate, but shall in all respects be entitled to like faith and credit as the original duplicate, and shall thereafter be regarded as such for all purposes of this decree.
Section 109 applies only if the owner's duplicate certificate is indeed lost or destroyed. If a certificate of title has not been lost, but is in fact in the possession of another person, then the reconstituted title is void and the court that rendered the decision had no jurisdiction.19 Consequently, the decision may be attacked any time.20 Section 7 of Republic Act (RA) No. 6732, which amended Section 19 of RANo. 26,21 provides:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
SEC. 19. If the certificate of title considered lost or destroyed, and subsequently found or recovered, is not in the name of the same person in whose favor the reconstituted certificate of title has been issued, the Register of Deeds or the party concerned should bring the matter to the attention of the proper Regional Trial Court, which, after due notice and hearing, shall order the cancellation of the reconstituted certificate of title and render, with respect to the memoranda of new liens and encumbrances, if any, made in the reconstituted certificate of title, after its reconstitution, such judgment as justice and equity may require: Provided, however, That if the reconstituted certificate of title has been cancelled by virtue of any deed or instrument, whether voluntary or involuntary, or by an order of the court, and a new certificate of title has been issued, the procedure prescribed above, with respect to the memorandum of new liens and encumbrances made on the reconstituted certificate of title, after its reconstitution, shall be followed with respect to the new certificate of title, and to such new liens and encumbrances, if any, as may have been on the latter, after the issuance thereof.
Section 11 of RA No. 6732 further provides that "[a] reconstituted title obtained by means of fraud, deceit or other machination is void ab initio as against the party obtaining the same and all persons having knowledge thereof."

In the present case, the allegedly lost owner's duplicate copy of TCT No. 24605 was in the possession of Benita. The lost TCT was offered in evidence during the trial.22 The Spouses Ibias did not contest the genuineness and authenticity of said TCT. The Spouses Ibias only questioned the submission of a photocopy of the TCT, but the trial court, after hearing the arguments of both parties, admitted the photocopy as part of the evidence presented by Benita. There is no reason to justify the issuance of a reconstituted title in the name of Spouses Ibias; hence, there is no error in the cancellation of the same reconstituted title.

Ernesto claimed that he believed that the original owner's duplicate copy of TCT No. 24605 was lost after he asked Benita for it then she failed to show it to him. Ernesto chose to omit facts and to avail of Section 109 as remedy instead of Section 107. Section 107 of PD 1529 reads:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
Section 107. Surrender of withhold duplicate certificates. - Where it is necessary to issue a new certificate of title pursuant to any involuntary instrument which divests the title of the registered owner against his consent or where a voluntary instrument cannot be registered by reason of the refusal or failure of the holder to surrender the owner's duplicate certificate of title, the party in interest may file a petition in court to compel surrender of the same to the Register of Deeds. The court, after hearing, may order the registered owner or any person withholding the duplicate certificate to surrender the same, and direct the entry of a new certificate or memorandum upon such surrender. If the person withholding the duplicate certificate is not amenable to the process of the court, or if not any reason the outstanding owner's duplicate certificate cannot be delivered, the court may order the annulment of the same as well as the issuance of a new certificate of title in lieu thereof. Such new certificate and all duplicates thereof shall contain a memorandum of the annulment of the outstanding duplicate.
For the reasons stated above, we affirm the rulings of the trial and appellate courts which cancelled TCT No. 245124 and reinstated TCT No. 24605.

WHEREFORE, we DENY the petition. The Decision promulgated on 30 May 2012 and the Resolution promulgated on 11 December 2012 by the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CV No. 88552 are AFFIRMED.

SO ORDERED.chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Del Castillo, Mendoza, and Leonen, JJ., concur.
Brion,* J., On leave.

Endnotes:


* On leave.

1 Under Rule 45 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure.

2Rollo, pp. 37-50. Penned by Associate Justice Mariflor P. Punzalan Castillo, with Associate Justices Franchito N. Diamante and Ramon A. Cruz concurring.

3 Id. at 52-53. Penned by Associate Justice Mariflor P. Punzalan Castillo, with Associate Justices Franchito N. Diamante and Ramon A. Cruz concurring.

4 CA rollo, pp. 19-22. Penned by Presiding Judge Reynaldo G. Ros.

5Rollo, pp. 38-40.

6 CA rollo, p. 22.

7 Id. at 23-24.

8 Id. at 25.

9Rollo, p. 44. Emphasis in the original.

10 Id. at 45.

11 Id. at 49.

12 CA rollo, pp. 104-111.

13 Id. at 113-117.

14Rollo, pp. 52-53.

15 Id. at 67.

16 Id. at 16.

17 Id. at 56-60.

18 426 Phil. 61, 83-84 (2002), citing Strait Times, Inc. v. CA, 356 Phil. 217 (1998).

19Strait Times, Inc. v. CA, 356 Phil. 217, 227-228 (1998), citing Serra Serra v. Court of Appeals, 272-A Phil. 467 (1991). See also Demetriou v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 115595, 14 November 1994, 238 SCRA 158; New DurawoodCo., Inc. v. CA, 324 Phil. 109 (1996).

20Demetriou v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 115595, 14 November 1994, 238 SCRA 158, 162.

21 An Act Providing a Special Procedure for the Reconstitution of Torrens Certificates of Title Lost or Destroyed. Approved on 25 September 1946. RA No. 6732, approved on 17 July 1989, amended RANo. 26.

22 Records, p. 122.



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  • G.R. No. 200299, August 17, 2016 - SPOUSES JUAN CHUY TAN AND MARY TAN (DECEASED) SUBSTITUTED BY THE SURVIVING HEIRS, JOEL TAN AND ERIC TAN, Petitioners, v. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206451, August 17, 2016 - ELPIDIO MAGNO, HEIRS OF ISIDRO M. CABATIC, NAMELY: JOSE CABATIC, RODRIGO CABATIC, AND MELBA CABATIC; AND ODELITO M. BUGAYONG, AS HEIR OF THE LATE AURORA MAGNO, Petitioners, v. LORENZO MAGNO, NICOLAS MAGNO, PETRA MAGNO, MARCIANO MAGNO, ISIDRO MAGNO, TEODISTA MAGNO, ESTRELLA MAGNO, BIENVENIDO M. DE GUZMAN, CONCHITA M. DE GUZMAN, SILARY M. DE GUZMAN, MANUEL M. DE GUZMAN AND MANOLO M. DE GUZMAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196289, August 15, 2016 - Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 217024, August 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RODEL BOLO Y MALDO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 200765, August 08, 2016 - DESIDERIO RANARA, JR., Petitioner, v. ZACARIAS DE LOS ANGELES, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213157, August 10, 2016 - NATIONAL GRID CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. OFELIAM. OLIVA, IN HER OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS THE CITY TREASURER OF CEBU CITY, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 213558 - OFELIA M. OLLVA, IN HER OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS THE CITY TREASURER OF CEBU CITY, Petitioner, v. NATIONAL GRID CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10231, August 10, 2016 - OSCAR M. BAYSAC, Complainant, v. ATTY. ELOISA M. ACERON-PAPA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189081, August 10, 2016 - GLORIA S. DY, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, MANDY COMMODITIES CO., INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, WILLIAM MANDY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203192, August 15, 2016 - IBM PHILIPPINES, INC., Petitioner, v. PRIME SYSTEMS PLUS, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188769, August 03, 2016 - JOSEPH OMAR O. ANDAY A, Petitioner, v. RURAL BANK OF CABADBARAN, INC., DEMOSTHENES P. ORAIZ and RICARDO D. GONZALEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 220715, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RONNIE BOY EDA Y CASANI, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217872, August 24, 2016 - ALLIANCE FOR THE FAMILY FOUNDATION, PHILIPPINES, INC. (ALFI) AND ATTY. MARIA CONCEPCION S. NOCHE, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS PRESIDENT OF ALFI, JOSE S. SANDEJAS, ROSIE B. LUISTRO, ELENITA S.A. SANDEJAS, EMILY R. LAWS, EILEEN Z. ARANETA, SALVACION C. MONTIERO, MARIETTA C. GORREZ, ROLANDO M. BAUTISTA, RUBEN T. UMALI AND MILDRED C. CASTOR, Petitioners, v. HON. JANETTE L. GARIN, SECRETARY-DESIGNATE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, NICOLAS B. LUTERO III, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF HEALTH, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND MARIA LOURDES C. SANTIAGO, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, CENTER FOR DRUG REGULATION AND RESEARCH, Respondents.; G.R. No. 221866 - MARIA CONCEPCION S. NOCHE, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS COUNSEL OF PETITIONERS, JOSE S. SANDEJAS, ROSIE B. LUISTRO, ELENITA S.A. SANDEJAS, EMILY R. LAWS, EILEEN Z. ARANETA, SALVACION C. MONTIERO, MARIETTA C. GORREZ, ROLANDO M. BAUTISTA, RUBEN T. UMALI AND MILDRED C. CASTOR, Petitioners, v. HON. JANETTE L. GARIN, SECRETARY-DESIGNATE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, NICOLAS B. LUTERO III, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF HEALTH, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND MARIA LOURDES C. SANTIAGO, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, CENTER FOR DRUG REGULATION AND RESEARCH, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208758, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOVEN GERON Y YEMA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 214077, August 10, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. DANILO A. PANGASINAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212632, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DEN ANDO Y SADULLAH AND SARAH ANDO Y BERNAL, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 219592, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ARTHUR PARCON Y ESPINOSA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 181268, August 15, 2016 - MILAGROS HERNANDEZ, REPRESENTED BY HER ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, FE HERNANDEZ-ARCEO, Petitioner, v. EDWINA C. OCAMPO, PHILIPPINE SAVINGS BANK, FELICITAS R. MENDOZA, METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, THE SHERIFF, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BINAN, LAGUNA, AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS, CALAMBA CITY, LAGUNA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 177875, August 08, 2016 - ATTY. RODOLFO D. MATEO, Complainant, v. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ALBERTO G. ROMULO, DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ARTHUR P. AUTEA, PRESIDENTIAL ANTI-GRAFT COMMISSION, OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, JOSE J. BELTRAN, EVELYN F. DACUYCUY, C.G. DUMATAY, HIGEVO C. MANGOSING, JOEY C. CASTRO, PACITA F. BARBA, RICARDO OLARTE, BELEN I. JUAREZ, LIZA T. OLIVAR, LUISA C. BOKINGO, SANDRO JESUS T. SALES, EDGARDO T. AGBAY, EDUARDO F. PACIO, MILDRED V. BEADOY, FRANCIS B. HILARIE, MA. NERIZZA L. BERDIN, LUIS S. RONGAVTLLA, ARLENE C. DIAZ, MARY JANE M. LAPIDEZ, MELCHOR P. ABRIL, VILMA A. VERGARA, MA. ISABEL S. NOFUENTE, BEATRIZ N. SORIANO, MA. ANNABELLE S. LUSUNG, JAIME M. NOFUENTE, ERLINDA RIZO, MA. CHAREVA S. GONZALES, LILIAN P. GACUSAN, MA. ANGELICA R. RONGAVILLA, EVELYN V. AYSON, CHARITO M. MENGUITO, ARLEEN E. BATAC, RENATO R. RIZO, EDUARDO D. ADINO, MILAGROS M. VELASCO, BELEN T. TORMON, RENATO P. GOJO CRUZ AND EMMIE L. RUALES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 185369, August 03, 2016 - J. TOBIAS M. JAVIER AND VINCENT H. PICCIO III, Petitioners, v. RHODORA J. CADIAO, ALFONSO V. COMBONG, JR., BENJAMIN E. JUANITAS, CALIXTO G. ZALDIVAR III, DANTE M. BERIONG, FERNANDO C. CORVERA, HECTOR L. FRANGUE AND KENNY S. OLANDRES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 163494, August 03, 2016 - JESUSA T. DELA CRUZ Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220023, August 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. DARIO TUBORO Y RAFAEL, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206227, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. STANLEY BUENAMER Y MANDANE, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 215954, August 01, 2016 - SPOUSES JOVEN SY AND CORAZON QUE SY, Petitioners, v. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189185, August 16, 2016 - WILFREDO MOSQUEDA, MARCELO VILLAGANES, JULIETA LAWAGON, CRISPIN ALCOMENDRAS, CORAZON SABINADA, VIRGINIA CATA-AG, FLORENCIA SABANDON, AND LEDEVINA ADLAWAN, Petitioners, v. PILIPINO BANANA GROWERS & EXPORTERS ASSOCIATION, INC., DAVAO FRUITS CORPORATION, AND LAPANDAY AGRICULTURAL AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondents.; G.R. No. 189305 - CITY GOVERNMENT OF DAVAO, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS, PILIPINO BANANA GROWERS & EXPORTERS ASSOCIATION (PBGEA), DAVAO FRUITS CORPORATION, AND LAPANDAY AGRICULTURAL AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 187850, August 17, 2016 - ANITA U. LORENZANA, Petitioner, v. RODOLFO LELINA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215750, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CARLITO TAYAO Y LAYA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 191527, August 22, 2016 - BALIBAGO FAITH BAPTIST CHURCH, INC. AND PHILIPPINE BAPTIST S.B.C., INC., Petitioners, v. FAITH IN CHRIST JESUS BAPTIST CHURCH, INC. AND REYNALDO GALVAN, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-13-3137, August 23, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. UMAIMA L. SILONGAN, ABIE M. AMILIL, AND SALICK U. PANDA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170060, August 17, 2016 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. CLARGES CORPORATION, REALTY Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 2404, August 17, 2016 - NILO B. DIONGZON, Petitioner, v. ATTY. WILLIAM MIRANO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 7437, August 17, 2016 - AVIDA LAND CORPORATION (FORMERLY LAGUNA PROPERTIES HOLDINGS, INC.), Complainant, v. ATTY. AL C. ARGOSINO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192491, August 17, 2016 - MARY JANE G. DY CHIAO, Petitioner, v. SEBASTIAN BOLIVAR, SHERIFF IV, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 19, IN NAGA CITY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220479, August 17, 2016 - PASDA, INCORPORATED, Petitioner, v. REYNALDO P. DIMAYACYAC, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY THE HEIRS, REPRESENTED BY ATTY. DEMOSTHENES D. C. DIMAYACYAC, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 219569, August 17, 2016 - HSY MARKETING LTD., CO., Petitioner, v. VIRGILIO O. VILLASTIQUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205573, August 17, 2016 - HELEN LORENZO CUNANAN, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS, NINTH DIVISION, TEOFILO Q. INOCENCIO, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM REGIONAL OFFICE NO. III, AND YOLANDA MERCADO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9090, August 31, 2016 - TEODORO B. CRUZ, JR., Complainant, v. ATTYS. JOHN G. REYES, ROQUE BELLO AND CARMENCITA A. ROUS-GONZAGA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 218578, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ENRICO BRIONES BADILLA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 213187, August 24, 2016 - HAIDE BULALACAO-SORIANO, Petitioner, v. ERNESTO PAPINA, REPRESENTED BY ROSEMARY PAPINA-ZABALA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215551, August 17, 2016 - JAKERSON G. GARGALLO, Petitioner, v. DOHLE SEAFRONT CREWING (MANILA), INC., DOHLE MANNING AGENCIES, INC., AND MR. MAYRONILO B. PADIZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213241, August 01, 2016 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Petitioner, v. JUAN F. VILA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220461, August 24, 2016 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. SPOUSES PRIMO C. YBAÑEZ AND NILA S. YBAÑEZ, MARIS Q. REYOS, AND MICHELLE T. HUAT, Accused-Appellants.

  • A.C. No. 9464, August 24, 2016 - INTERADENT ZAHNTECHNIK, PHIL., INC., REPRESENTED BY LUIS MARCO I. AVANCEÑA, Complainant, v. ATTY. REBECCA S. FRANCISCO-SIMBILLO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200157, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOERY DELIOLA Y BARRIDO, A.K.A. "JAKE DELIOLA," Accused-Appellant.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3418 (Formerly A.M. No. P-12-3-46-RTC), August 08, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. ANTONIA P. ESPEJO, STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 20, VIGAN CITY, ILOCOS SUR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 222658, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MARIO GALIA BAGAMANO, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3515 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 15-4401-P), August 10, 2016 - ARNOLD G. TECSON, Complainant, v. ATTY. MARICEL LILLED ASUNCION-ROXAS, CLERK OF COURT VI, BRANCH 23, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, TRECE MARTIRES CITY, CAVITE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212340, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GERRJAN MANAGO Y ACUT, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 214186, August 03, 2016 - RODFHEL BACLAAN, TORREFIEL, MYRA SUACILLO, LORLIE ORENDAY, SHEELA LAO, AND LEODELYN LIBOT, Petitioners, v. BEAUTY LANE PHILS., INC/MS. MA. HENEDINA D. TOBOJKA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 195138, August 24, 2016 - NATIONAL TRANSMISSION CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MISAMIS ORIENTAL I ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3490 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 14-4278-P], August 30, 2016 - JUDGE FE GALLON-GAYANILO, Complainant, v. ERIC C. CALDITO, PROCESS SERVER, BRANCH 35, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, ILOILO CITY, ILOILO,, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11317, August 23, 2016 - ETHELENE W. SAN JUAN, Complainant, v. ATTY. FREDDIE A. VENIDA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215715, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDCEL COLORADA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 220608, August 31, 2016 - MARCELINO T. TAMIN, Petitioner, v. MAGSAYSAY MARITIME CORPORATION AND/OR MASTERBULK PTE. LTD., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 185473, August 17, 2016 - BERNADETTE IDA ANG HIGA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200577, August 17, 2016 - CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, Petitioner, v. CAROLINA P. JUEN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185638, August 10, 2016 - HONORABLE ALVIN P. VERGARA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS CITY MAYOR OF CABANATUAN CITY, AND SANGGUNIANG PANLUNGSOD OF CABANATUAN CITY, Petitioners, v. LOURDES MELENCIO S. GRECIA, REPRESENTED BY RENATO GRECIA, AND SANDRA MELENCIO IN REPRESENTATION OF MA. PAZ SALGADO VDA. DE MELENCIO, CONCHITA MELENCIO, CRISTINA MELENCIO AND LEONARDO MELENCIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190143, August 10, 2016 - SPOUSES LOLITA ORENCIA AND PEDRO D. ORENCIA, Petitioners, v. FELISA CRUZ VDA. DE RANIN, REPRESENTED BY HER ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, MRS. ESTELA C. TANCHOCO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11350 [Formerly CBD Case No. 14-4211], August 09, 2016 - ADEGOKE R. PLUMPTRE, Complainant, v. ATTY. SOCRATES R. RIVERA, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9920 [Formerly A.M. No. MTJ-07-1691], August 30, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. FORMER JUDGE ROSABELLA M. TORMIS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198756, August 16, 2016 - BANCO DE ORO, BANK OF COMMERCE, CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY, PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, AND PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK, Petitioners; RIZAL COMMERCIAL BANKING CORPORATION AND RCBC CAPITAL CORPORATION, Petitioners-Intervenors; CAUCUS OF DEVELOPMENT NGO NETWORKS, Petitioner-Intervenor, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE, SECRETARY OF FINANCE, DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, THE NATIONAL TREASURER, AND BUREAU OF TREASURY, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 7178, August 23, 2016 - VICENTE M. GIMENA, Complainant, v. ATTY. SALVADOR T. SABIO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199239, August 24, 2016 - PERCY MALONESIO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS GENERAL MANAGER OF AIR TRANSPORTATION OFFICE (ATO), Petitioner, v. ARTURO M. JIZMUNDO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 216146, August 24, 2016 - ALFREDO L. CHUA, TOMAS L. CHUA AND MERCEDES P. DIAZ, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 187822-23, August 03, 2016 - EVER ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURING, INC., VICENTE C. GO AND GEORGE C. GO, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS (PBCOM), REPRESENTED BY ITS VICE-PRESIDENT, MR. DOMINGO S. AURE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220399, August 22, 2016 - ENRIQUE Y. SAGUN, Petitioner, v. ANZ GLOBAL SERVICES AND OPERATIONS (MANILA), INC., GAY CRUZADA, AND PAULA ALCARAZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 174379, August 31, 2016 - E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS AND CO. (ASSIGNEE OF INVENTORS CARINI, DUNCIA AND WONG), Petitioner, v. DIRECTOR EMMA C. FRANCISCO (IN HER CAPACITY AS DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE), DIRECTOR EPIFANIO M. EVASCO (IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE DHUECTOR OF THE BUREAU OF PATENTS), AND THERAPHARMA, INC., Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3541 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 12-3915-P], August 30, 2016 - SYLVIA G. CORPUZ, Complainant, v. CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, Respondent.; A.M. No. P-16-3542 [FORMERLY OCA IPI No. 13-4049-P] - PRESIDING JUDGE RUFINO S. FERRARIS, JR., MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES OF DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 7, Complainant, v. CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, Respondent.; A.M. No. P-16-3543 [FORMERLY OCA IPI No. 13-4074-P] - IRINEO F. MARTINEZ, JR., Complainant, v. CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, RESPONDENT.; OCA IPI No. 14-2731-MTJ - CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, Complainant, v. PRESIDING JUDGE RUFINO S. FERRARIS, JR., MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES OF DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 7, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8698, August 31, 2016 - MANUEL B. BERNALDEZ, Complainant, v. ATTY. WILMA DONNA C. ANQUILO-GARCIA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198160, August 31, 2016 - VICTORIA P. CABRAL, Petitioner, v. GREGORIA ADOLFO, GREGORIO LAZARO AND HEIRS OF ELIAS POLICARPIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209385, August 31, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. SALUD ABALOS AND JUSTINA CLARISSA P. MAMARIL, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189289, August 31, 2016 - GLORIA ZOLETA-SAN AGUSTIN, Petitioner, v. ERNESTO SALES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199431, August 31, 2016 - STA. FE REALTY, INC. AND VICTORIA SANDEJAS FABREGAS, Petitioners, v. JESUS M. SISON, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 221848, August 30, 2016 - FIELD INVESTIGATION OFFICE OF THE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Petitioner, v. REY RUECA CASTILLO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 218086, August 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CHARLIE BALISONG, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 197356, August 24, 2016 - EMILIO A. AQUINO, Petitioner, v. CARMELITA TANGKENGKO, MORRIS TANGKENGKO AND RANILLO TANGKENGKO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 183173, August 24, 2016 - THE CHAIRMAN AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, PALAWAN COUNCIL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, AND THE PALAWAN COUNCIL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Petitioners, v. EJERCITO LIM, DOING BUSINESS AS BONANZA AIR SERVICES, AS REPRESENTED BY HIS ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, CAPT. ERNESTO LIM, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199497, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DELIA CAMANNONG, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 211724, August 24, 2016 - IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION FOR CORRECTION OF ENTRY (CHANGE OF FAMILY NAME IN THE BIRTH CERTIFICATE OF FELIPE C. ALMOJUELA AS APPEARING IN THE RECORDS OF THE NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE), FELIPE C. ALMOJUELA, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219071, August 24, 2016 - SPOUSES CHARITO M. REYES AND ROBERTO REYES, AND SPOUSES VILMA M. MARAVILLO AND DOMINGO MARAVILLO, JR., Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF BENJAMIN MALANCE,* NAMELY: ROSALINA M. MALANCE, BERNABE M. MALANCE, BIENVENIDO M. MALANCE, AND DOMINGA** M. MALANCE, REPRESENTED BY BIENVENIDO M. MALANCE, Respondents.