Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > February 2016 Decisions > A.M. No. P-15-3300 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No.12-4011-P), February 10, 2016 - JOSEPHINE E. LAM, Complainant, v. NILA M. GARCIA, JUNIOR PROCESS SERVER, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, SIATON, NEGROS ORIENTAL, Respondent.:




A.M. No. P-15-3300 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No.12-4011-P), February 10, 2016 - JOSEPHINE E. LAM, Complainant, v. NILA M. GARCIA, JUNIOR PROCESS SERVER, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, SIATON, NEGROS ORIENTAL, Respondent.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

FIRST DIVISION

A.M. No. P-15-3300 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No.12-4011-P), February 10, 2016

JOSEPHINE E. LAM, Complainant, v. NILA M. GARCIA, JUNIOR PROCESS SERVER, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, SIATON, NEGROS ORIENTAL, Respondent.

R E S O L U T I O N

LEONARDO-DE CASTRO, J.:

The instant administrative matter arose from an Amended Letter-Complaint1 dated October 12, 2012 of Josephine E. Lam (Lam), Clerk of Court II of the Municipal Trial Court (MTC) of Siaton, Negros Oriental, charging Nila M. Garcia (Garcia), Process Server of the same court, with insubordination and conduct unbecoming a court employee.

Lam alleged in her Letter that on October 2, 2012, at around 2:20 in the afternoon, Garcia was scanning the Office Logbook so that she could copy the entries to her Daily Time Record (DTR), when she said out aloud to Lam, "Pin! Buang Ka! Yawa Ka! Nganong imo kong gibotangan ug absent? Gasunod sunod pa gud. Paghulat ug akoy mabotang! Disabled!" ("Pin, you are stupid/foolish! You devil! Why did you mark me absent for consecutive days? Wait until I would be the one to write! Disabled!") Lam replied, "Ngano mang dili tikaw botangan ug absent diha nga wala man ka nitungha?" ("Why should I not mark you absent when in fact you were not around?") Garcia then continued to hurl abusive words against Lam, loud enough for their co-employees to hear. Lam ended up just entering the Judge's chambers, crying. Garcia had similar outbursts in the past, but Lam let them pass in the hope that Garcia would eventually realize her mistakes.

Attached to Lam's Letter was a Joint Affidavit2 dated October 18, 2012 executed by Merla M. Kitane and Bernadine B. Ragay (Ragay), Interpreter I and Utility Worker I, respectively, of MTC, Siaton, Negros Oriental, essentially recounting the same incident.

In her Comment and Answer,3 Garcia denied Lam's charges against her and insisted that what happened between her and Lam was a mere misunderstanding. According to Garcia, she merely called Lam's attention as Lam maliciously modified Garcia's DTR without notice. Garcia recalled that upon checking her DTR, she noticed that Lam erased some entries in said DTR and superimposed on said entries the word "ABSENT." Garcia explained that she felt insulted and humiliated by what Lam had done, not only because the DTRs were the employees' personal property, but also because it had always been a practice in their office that only the employees themselves are allowed to fill out or make changes to their respective DTRs. Garcia further admitted that upon her discovery of the modifications in her DTR, she confronted and raised her voice at Lam, but denied demeaning or insulting Lam.

On November 7, 2014, the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) submitted its Report with the following recommendations:

RECOMMENDATION: It is respectfully recommended for the consideration of the Honorable Court that:

1. The instant administrative complaint against respondent Nila M. Garcia, Junior Process Server, Municipal Trial Court, Siaton, Negros Oriental, be RE-DOCKETED as a regular administrative matter; and

2. Respondent Garcia be found GUILTY of simple discourtesy and conduct unbecoming a court employee; and

3. Respondent Garcia be REPRIMANDED, with a STERN WARNING that the commission of the same in the future shall be dealt with more severely.4

In compliance with the Resolution5 issued by the Court on February 11, 2015, the parties submitted their respective Manifestations6 stating that that they were already submitting the case for resolution based on the pleadings filed.

The Court adopts the findings and recommendations of the OCA.

Lam charges Garcia with insubordination. "Insubordination" refers to willful or intentional disregard of some lawful and reasonable instructions of the employer.7 The Court, though, does not perceive "insubordination" as the proper charge against Garcia. There is no showing that any of Garcia's superiors instructed her to make specific entries in her DTR, which she willfully or intentionally refused to follow.

From the records, it appears that Garcia, upon discovering that the entries in her DTR were modified by Lam, complained loudly against Lam, using insulting and offensive words. For this, Garcia must be administratively sanctioned for simple discourtesy and conduct unbecoming a court employee.

Time and again, the Court has stressed that the conduct and behavior of employees in the judiciary, particularly those in the first and second level courts, are circumscribed by the rules on proper and ethical standards. The nature and responsibilities of men and women in the judiciary, as defined in different canons of conduct, are neither mere jargons nor idealistic sentiments, but working standards and attainable goals that should be matched with actual deeds. No less than self-restraint and civility are at all times expected from court employees. Their conduct, particularly when they are within court premises, must always be characterized by propriety and decorum. Stated a bit differently, they should avoid any act or behavior that would diminish public trust and confidence in the courts. Court employees are supposed to be well-mannered, civil, and considerate in their actuations, both in their relations with co-workers and the transacting public. Boorishness, foul language and any misbehavior in court premises diminishes its sanctity and dignity.8

Any fighting or misunderstanding between and among court personnel becomes a disgraceful sight reflecting adversely on the good image of the judiciary. Professionalism, respect for the rights of others, good manners, and right conduct are expected of all judicial officers and employees.9

Quarreling with a co-employee, especially when done before the public or within the premises and during office hours, is prejudicial to public service. An employee of the judiciary is expected to accord respect for the person and rights of others at all times, and that his every act and word should be characterized by prudence, restraint, courtesy and dignity. Government service is people oriented where high strung and belligerent behavior cannot be allowed. No matter the court employee's motives may be, as a public officer, courtesy should be his policy. A court employee is expected to do no more than what duty demands and no less than what privilege permits.10

Garcia evidently failed to act in accordance with the strict and high standards for court employees. Garcia should have observed courtesy, civility, and self-restraint in her dealings with Lam, who was not only her co-employee, but as Clerk of Court II, was Garcia's superior. Given the circumstances, Garcia could have simply approached Lam and calmly and politely asked for the reason as to why her DTR entries were modified; there was utterly no need for Garcia to raise her voice and use insulting and offensive words against Lam.

Under Rule 10, Section 46(F)(1) of the Revised Rules on Administrative Cases in the Civil Service, simple discourtesy in the course of official duties is a light offense punishable with reprimand for the first offense, and suspension of one (1) day to thirty (30) days for the second offense. Taking into account that Garcia had rendered 48 years of continuous service to the Government, that she already compulsorily retired on September 19, 2014, and that as a retiree, she would be mostly relying financially on her retirement benefits, the Court agrees with OCA that it is already sufficient penalty to reprimand Garcia for her administrative infraction.chanrobleslaw

WHEREFORE, respondent Nila M. Garcia is hereby REPRIMANDED for simple discourtesy and conduct unbecoming a court employee. Let the balance of respondent's retirement benefits be forthwith released to her unless there are other pending administrative cases against her.

SO ORDERED.cralawlawlibrary

Sereno, C.J., (Chairperson), Bersamin, Perlas-Bernabe, and Jardeleza, JJ., concur.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

Endnotes:


1Rollo, p. 2.

2 Id. at 6.

3 Id. at 9-12.

4 Id. at 16-17.

5 Id. at 18.

6 Id. at 24, 26.

7Re: Request of Mr. Melito E. Cuadra, Process Server, RTC, Branch 100, Quezon City to the RTC, Branch 18, Tagaytay City, 499 Phil. 109, 114 (2005).

8De Vera, Jr. v. Rimando, 551 Phil. 471, 477-478 (2007).

9 Office of the Court Administrator v. Caya, 635 Phil. 211, 219 (2010).



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  • G.R. No. 188720, February 23, 2016 - QUEZON CITY PTCA FEDERATION, INC., Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, REPRESENTED BY SECRETARY JESLI A. LAPUS, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8037, February 17, 2016 - RE: DECISION DATED AUGUST 19, 2008, 3RD DIVISION, COURT OF APPEALS IN CA-G.R. SP NO. 79904 [HON. DIONISIO DONATO T. GARCIANO, ET AL. V. HON. PATERNO G. TIAMSON, ETC., ET AL.], Petitioner, v. ATTY. JOSE DE G. FERRER, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220481, February 17, 2016 - VICTOR S. LIMLINGAN AND EMMANUEL A. LEYCO, Petitioners, v. ASIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, INC., Respondent.; G.R. No. 220503 - ASIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, INC., Petitioner, v. VICTOR S. LIMLINGAN AND EMMANUEL A. LEYCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208976, February 22, 2016 - THE HONORABLE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Petitioner, v. LEOVIGILDO DELOS REYES, JR., Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10605, February 17, 2016 - BIENVENIDO T. CANLAPAN, Complainant, v. ATTY. WILLIAM B. BALAYO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 209180, February 24, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. REGHIS M. ROMERO II AND OLIVIA LAGMAN ROMERO, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 209253 - OLIVIA LAGMAN ROMERO, Petitioner, v. REGHIS M. ROMERO II, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208948, February 24, 2016 - JOSE B. LURIZ, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173921, February 24, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. ISAGANI DAWAL, LORNA CONCEPCION, AND BONIFACIO SINOBAGO, Respondents.; G.R. No. 173952 - ISAGANI DAWAL, LORNA CONCEPCION, AND BONIFACIO SINOBAGO, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., AVELINO L. ZAPANTA, AND CESAR B. LAMBERTE, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3419 [Formerly OCAIPI No. 11-3648-P], February 23, 2016 - AUGUSTO V. SANTOS, Complainant, v. SHERIFF IV ANTONIO V. LEAŅO, JR., SHERIFF III BENJIE E. LACSINA, SHERIFF III ALVIN S. PINEDA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 184288, February 16, 2016 - ERIC N. ESTRELLADO AND JOSSIE M. BORJA, Petitioners, v. KARINA CONSTANTINO DAVID, THE CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, HIPOLITO R. GABORNI AND ROBERTO S. SE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 175210, February 01, 2016 - MARIO JOSE E. SERENO, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE ASSOCIATION OF PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC. (APMP), Petitioner, v. COMMITTEE ON TRADE AND RELATED MATTERS (CTRM) OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (NEDA), COMPOSED OF THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE NEDA SECRETARIAT, THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, THE SECRETARIES OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY, FINANCE, FOREIGN AFFAIRS, AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION, LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, AGRARIAN REFORM, THE GOVERNOR OF THE BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS AND THE CHAIRMAN OF THE TARIFF COMMISSION, AND BRENDA R. MENDOZA IN HER CAPACITY AS DIRECTOR OF THE TRADE, INDUSTRY & UTILITIES STAFF, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 170631, February 10, 2016 - CARAVAN TRAVEL AND TOURS INTERNATIONAL, INC., Petitioner, v. ERMILINDA R. ABEJAR, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8667, February 03, 2016 - INOCENCIO I. BALISTOY, Petitioner, v. ATTY. FLORENCIO A. BRON, Respondent.

  • IPI No. 14-222-CA-J, February 23, 2016 - RE: COMPLAINT OF ATTY. MARIANO R. PEFIANCO AGAINST JUSTICES MARIA ELISA SEMPIO DIY, RAMON PAUL L. HERNANDO, AND CARMELITA SALANDANAN-MANAHAN, OF THE COURT OF APPEALS CEBU.

  • G.R. No. 193176, February 24, 2016 - PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, RENATO D. TAYAG, ISMAEL M. REINOSO, GENEROSO TANSECO, MANUEL MORALES, RUBEN B. ANCHETA, GERONIMO Z. VELASCO, TROADIO T. QUIAZON, JR., FERNANDO MARAMAG, EDGARDO TORDESILLAS, ARTURO R. TANCO, JR., GERARDO SICAT, PANFILO O. DOMINGO, POTENCIANO ILUSORIO, MANUEL B. SYQUIO, RAFAEL M. ATAYDE, HONORIO POBLADOR, JR., GEORGE T. SCHOLEY,1 TIRSO ANTIPORDA, JR., CARLOS L. INDUCTIVO, AND TEODORO VALENCIA, Respondents.