Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > January 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 206584, January 11, 2016 - MAE FLOR GALIDO, Petitioner, v. NELSON P. MAGRARE, EVANGELINE M. PALCAT, RODOLFO BAYOMBONG, AND REGISTER OF DEEDS OF ANTIQUE, SAN JOSE, ANTIQUE, Respondents.:




G.R. No. 206584, January 11, 2016 - MAE FLOR GALIDO, Petitioner, v. NELSON P. MAGRARE, EVANGELINE M. PALCAT, RODOLFO BAYOMBONG, AND REGISTER OF DEEDS OF ANTIQUE, SAN JOSE, ANTIQUE, Respondents.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

G.R. No. 206584, January 11, 2016

MAE FLOR GALIDO, Petitioner, v. NELSON P. MAGRARE, EVANGELINE M. PALCAT, RODOLFO BAYOMBONG, AND REGISTER OF DEEDS OF ANTIQUE, SAN JOSE, ANTIQUE, Respondents.

D E C I S I O N

CARPIO, J.:

The Case

Before the Court is a petition for review1 assailing the Decision2 dated 29 February 2012 and Resolution3 dated 28 February 2013 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CEB CV No. 02306, affirming the Order4 dated 2 October 2007 of the Regional Trial Court (RTC), Branch 12, San Jose, Antique in RTC Cad. Case No. 2004-819, Cad. Record No. 936.

The Antecedent Facts

On 19 August 2004, Mae Flor Galido (petitioner) filed before the RTC of San Jose, Antique a petition5 to cancel all entries appearing on Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT) Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376, all in the name of Isagani Andigan (Andigan), and to annul TCT No. T-24815 and all other TCTs issued pursuant to the Order dated 18 October 2011 of RTC Branch 11, San Jose, Antique (Branch 11) in RTC Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230. The petition was raffled to RTC Branch 12, San Jose, Antique (trial court) and docketed as RTC Cad. Case No. 2004-819 Cad. Record No. 936.

The controversy revolves around three parcels of land, designated as Lot 1052-A-l, Lot 1052-A-2 and Lot 1052-A-3, all of the San Jose, Antique Cadastre. These parcels of land were, prior to subdivision in 1999, part of Lot 1052-A which was covered by TCT No. T-21405 in the name of Andigan.

On 28 December 1998, Andigan sold undivided portions of Lot 1052-A to Nelson P. Magrare (Magrare), Evangeline M. Palcat (Palcat) and Rodolfo Bayombong (Bayombong). To Magrare was sold an undivided portion with an area of 700 square meters, more or less; to Palcat, 1,000 square meters, more or less; and to Bayombong, 500 square meters, more or less.

Andigan caused the subdivision of Lot 1052-A into five lots, namely: Lot 1052-A-l, Lot 1052-A-2, Lot 1052-A-3, Lot 1052-A-4 and Lot 1052-A-5. On 18 October 1999, TCT No. T-21405 was cancelled and new certificates were issued for the subdivided portions. Pertinent to the case are TCT No. T-22374 which was issued for Lot 1052-A-l, TCT No. T-22375 for Lot 1052-A-2 and TCT No. T-22376 for Lot 1052-A-3, all in the name of Andigan. Andigan did not turn over the new TCTs to Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong, and the latter were unaware of the subdivision.

On 8 May 2000, Andigan mortgaged the same three lots to petitioner and the latter came into possession of the owner's duplicate copies of TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376.

On 6 February 2001, at 11:00 a.m., Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong registered their respective adverse claims on TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376. On the same day, at 3:00 p.m., petitioner also registered her mortgage on the same TCTs, such that the certificates in the custody of the Register of Deeds were annotated thus:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

TCT No. T-22374

Entry No. 246290 - Adverse Claim - executed by Nelson Magrare, covering the parcel of land described herein subject to the conditions embodied in the instrument on file in this office. Date of Instrument: February 6, 2001. Date of Inscription: February 6, 2001. A:M 11:00

Entry No. 246303 - Real Estate Mortgage - executed by Isagani Andigan in favor of Mae Flor Galido, covering the parcel of land described herein for the sum of SIXTY THOUSAND PESOS (P60,000.00), subject to the conditions embodied in the instrument acknowledged before Notary Public Mariano R. Pefianco of San Jose, Antique as Doc. No. 302 Page No. 61; Book No. 61, Series of 2000. Date of Instrument: May 8, 2000. Date of Inscription: February 6, 2001. P:M3:006

TCT No. T-22375

Entry No. 246300 - Adverse Claim - executed by Evangeline M. Palcat, covering the parcel of land described herein subject to the conditions embodied in the instrument on file in this office. Date of Instrument: February 6, 2001. Date of Inscription: February 6, 2001. A:M 11:00

Entry No. 246305 - Real Estate Mortgage - executed by Isagani Andigan in favor of Mae Flor Galido, covering the parcel of land described herein for the sum of TEN THOUSAND PESOS (P10,000.00), subject to the conditions embodied in the instrument acknowledged before Notary Public Mariano R. Pefianco of San Jose, Antique as Doc. No. 226; Page No. 46; Book No. IV, Series of 2000. Date of Instrument: May 8, 2000. Date of Inscription: February 6, 2001. P:M3:007

TCT No. T-22376

Entry No. 246299 - Adverse Claim - executed by Rodolfo Bayombong, covering the parcel of land described herein subject to the conditions embodied in the instrument on file in this office. Date of Instrument: February 6, 2001. Date of Inscription: February 6, 2001. A:M 11:00

Entry No. 246304 - Real Estate Mortgage - executed by Isagani Andigan in favor of Mae Flor Galido, covering the parcel of land described herein for the sum of SIXTY THOUSAND PESOS (P60,000.00), subject to the conditions embodied in the instrument acknowledged before Notary Public Mariano R. Pefianco of San Jose, Antique as Doc. No. 219; Page No. 44; Book No. IV, Series of 2000. Date of Instrument: May 5, 2000. Date of Inscription: February 6, 2001. P:M3:008cralawlawlibrary

On 22 February 2001, Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong filed before the RTC of San Jose, Antique a Petition to Compel the Surrender to the Register of Deeds of Antique the Owner's Duplicate Copies of TCT No. T-22374 Issued for Lot 1052-A-l; TCT No. T-22375 Issued for Lot 1052-A-2; and TCT No. T-22376 Issued for Lot 1052-A-3, all of the San Jose Cadastre against the Spouses Isagani and Merle Andigan.9 The case, raffled to Branch 11 and docketed as Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230, was tried and decided on its merits.

Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230 (RTC Branch 11)

According to Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong, even prior to the subdivision, they had made oral demands on Andigan to secure TCT No. T-21405 in order that they may take the appropriate steps to register the affected lots in their names.10 That Andigan had proceeded with the subdivision and registration of the subdivided lots was unknown to them. They registered their adverse claims upon discovery of the subdivision. Neither were they aware that Andigan had mortgaged the lots he sold to them. They only discovered the mortgage when they requested certified true copies of TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376, in preparation for filing a petition to compel delivery.

On the other hand, Andigan insisted that he made demands on Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong to pay for the costs of subdividing Lot 1052-A and registering the subdivided lots. Their failure to pay the costs was his motivation in withholding the TCTs from them. In other words, Andigan did not dispute that the undivided portions of Lot 1052-A he sold them were indeed Lot 1052-A-1 covered by TCT No. T-22374, Lot 1052-A-2 covered by TCT No. T-22375 and Lot 1052-A-3 covered by TCT No. T-22376.11

On 18 October 2001, RTC Branch 11 issued an Order granting the petition, to wit:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

WHEREFORE, premises considered, the PETITION dated February 16, 2001 is hereby granted and, in consequence, the respondent spouses ISAGANI ANDIGAN and MERL[E] ANDIGAN are hereby directed to surrender or deliver to the Register of Deeds for Antique the owner's duplicate copies of Transfer Certificates of Title Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376.

If for any reason the outstanding owner's duplicate copies of the subject certificates of title cannot be so surrendered or delivered, the Register of Deeds for Antique is hereby ordered to annul the same, issue new certificates of title in lieu thereof which shall contain a memorandum of the annulment of the outstanding owner's duplicate copies.

SO ORDERED.12cralawlawlibrary

Spouses Andigan through counsel filed a Notice of Appeal. The appeal was docketed as CA G.R. CV 73363. However, they failed to timely file their appellants' brief, and the appeal was dismissed in a Resolution dated 15 October 2002.13 The 15 October 2002 Resolution became final and executory on 22 December 2002 and was recorded in the Book of Entries of Judgments.14

Upon Motion for Execution, RTC Branch 11 issued the Writ of Execution directing the Provincial Sheriff of Antique to cause the satisfaction of the Order dated 18 October 2001.15 For failure to gain satisfaction of the order from the Spouses Andigan, the Register of Deeds was notified and commanded to annul the duplicate copies of TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376 and new ones were issued in lieu thereof.16

The records bare that petitioner filed a Third Party Claimant's Affidavit dated 3 March 200417 before the RTC Branch 11 after learning of the Notification and Writ of Execution.

The following were also inscribed on TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375, and T-22376:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

(1) Notice of Lis Pendens of CA G.R. CV-No. 73363, on 16 July 2002;

(2) Order issued by RTC Branch 11 directing the Register of Deeds for Antique to annul the subject certificates and issue new ones in lieu thereof, on 21 April 2004;

(3) Resolution by the Court of Appeals dismissing the appeal from the RTC Branch 11 decision in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230, on 21 April 2004;

(4) Writ of Execution issued by RTC Branch 11, on 21 April 2004; and

(5) Notification issued by the Sheriff to cancel the owner's duplicate copies, on 21 April 2004.18

Civil Case No. 3345 (RTC Branch 10)

Meanwhile, petitioner also filed with the RTC a case for foreclosure of mortgage against the heirs of Isagani Andigan, entitled Mae Flor Galido v. Heirs of Isagani Andigan.19 The case was raffled to Branch 10 and docketed as Civil Case No. 3345.

It appears that petitioner prevailed in Civil Case No. 3345. As a result, the Sheriff issued a Certificate of Sale20 in favor of petitioner of the properties covered by TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376. RTC Cad. Case No. 2004-819, Cad. Record No. 936 (RTC Branch 12)

Hence, petitioner filed a petition seeking to cancel all entries appearing on TCT No. T-22374 for Lot 1052-A-1, TCT No. T-22375 for Lot 1052-A-2, and TCT No. T-22376 for Lot 1052-A-3, and to annul TCT No. T-2481521 and all other titles issued pursuant to RTC Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230.

Petitioner alleged that she had been a holder in good faith of the following owner's duplicate certificates of title, all of the San Jose Cadastre, in the name of one Andigan:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

TCT No. T-22374 for Lot 1052-A-1;
TCT No. T-22375 for Lot 1052-A-2; and
TCT No. T-22376 for Lot 1052-A-3.cralawlawlibrary

And that she had prevailed in Civil Case No. 3345 (RTC Branch 10) and was issued a Certificate of Sale by the Sheriff. She also averred that the titles contained adverse claims filed by Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong, and annotations in connection with Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230.

Finding that the case was contentious in nature, the trial court ordered petitioner to amend her petition to implead the following: (1) Magrare, in whose name TCT No. T-24815 was registered and who had earlier registered an adverse claim on TCT No. T-22374; (2) Palcat, who had registered an adverse claim on TCT No. T-22375; and (3) Bayombong, who had registered an adverse claim on TCT No. T-22376.22

After petitioner amended her petition, the trial court issued summons to Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong.23 The summons were duly served on Magrare and Palcat. However, the sheriff reported that Bayombong was not served because he was already dead.24 Petitioner moved to substitute the heirs of Bayombong, but the trial court ruled that the substitution was without legal basis because Bayombong was not properly impleaded. He died on 13 December 2001 and could not have been made a party to the petition filed on 19 August 2004. Hence, the trial court dismissed the case against Bayombong in an Order dated 22 April 2005.25cralawred

Petitioner moved to amend her petition for the second time to include the heirs of Bayombong and the Rural Bank of Sibalom (Antique), Inc., whose mortgage was registered on TCT No. T-24815. The trial court ruled that the names and addresses of all the heirs of Bayombong were not identified, and that there was no showing that the widow of Bayombong represented all the heirs.26 The trial court also found no legal or factual basis to implead the bank. Hence, the trial court denied petitioner's motion to further amend the petition.27

Meanwhile, respondents Magrare and Palcat filed their answer on 4 March 2005,28 setting forth the following affirmative defenses: (1) petitioner has no cause of action against them; and (2) the present case is barred by the prior ruling in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230.

Upon motion, the trial court held a summary hearing on the affirmative defenses. Despite due notice, neither petitioner nor her counsel appeared. The trial court allowed respondents' counsel to proceed with the presentation of evidence.29

After receiving respondents' evidence in support of their affirmative defenses, the trial court set another hearing to give petitioner a chance to refute the same.30 However, despite due notice and even a postponement requested by petitioner,31 she and her counsel failed to appear.32 The judge took petitioner's absences during the settings for the preliminary hearing as a waiver to present documentary evidence or arguments to refute respondents' evidence.

The Ruling of the Trial Court

On 2 October 2007, the trial court ruled in favor of respondents, dismissing the case, thus:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

On the basis of the foregoing findings and observations, this court finds meritorious the affirmative defenses put up by the respondents/adverse claimants, that, the petitioner Mae Flor Galido has no cause of action against them and, that, this case is already barred by prior judgment rendered in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230. In Nicasio I. Alacantara, et al. vs. Vicente C. Ponce, et al., G.R. No. 131547, Dec. 15, 2005, it was ruled that, "Litigation must end and terminate sometime and somewhere, and it is essential to an effective and efficient administration of justice that once a judgment has become final, the winning party be not, through a mere subterfuge, deprived of the fruits of the verdict. Court[s] must therefore guard against any scheme calculated to bring about the result. Constituted as they are to put an end to the controversies, courts should frown upon any attempt to prolong them."

PREMISES CONSIDERED, the petition in this case is hereby DENIED and, this case dismissed for the reasons aforestated.33ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
cralawlawlibrary

The trial court found petitioner's prayer for cancellation of entries concerning the adverse claims of respondents moot and academic because the same were already cancelled.34 Further, the decision in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230 had already become final and in fact was executed.35 The trial court also ruled that since Andigan had already sold Lots 1052-A-l and 1052-A-2 to respondents when he mortgaged the same to her, it was as if nothing was mortgaged at all.36

Petitioner filed an appeal before the Court of Appeals with the following assignment of errors:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

  1. THE LOWER COURT ERRED IN FAILING TO GIVE NOTICES TO ALL PARTIES IN INTEREST;

  2. THE LOWER COURT ERRED IN REQUIRING THE APPELLANT TO AMEND HER PETITION TO IMPLEAD THE ADVERSE CLAIMANTS-APPELLEES;

  3. THE LOWER COURT ERRED IN REFUSING TO ADMIT AMENDED PETITION THAT COMPLIED WITH HIS LIKINGS;

  4. THE LOWER COURT ERRED IN REFUSING TO CONDUCT PRE-TRIAL CONFERENCE IN THE INSTANT CASE;

  5. THE TRIAL COURT ERRED IN ALLOWING THE HEARING OF ADVERSE CLAIMANTS-APPELLEES' AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES;

  6. THE TRIAL COURT ERRED IN REFUSING TO CONSIDER THE EVIDENCE OF THE APPELLANT IN ITS DECISION; [AND]

  7. THE LOWER COURT ERRED IN DISMISSING THE PETITION FILED IN THE INSTANT CASE.37
cralawlawlibrary

The Ruling of the Court of Appeals

The Court of Appeals denied petitioner's appeal in a Decision38 dated 29 February 2012, the dispositive portion of which reads:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

WHEREFORE, premises considered, and finding no reversible error in the order appealed from, the appeal is DENIED and the Order dated October 2, 2007 of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 12 in San Jose, Antique denying and dismissing the petition, is AFFIRMED.39cralawlawlibrary

For lack of merit, the Court of Appeals denied petitioner's motion for reconsideration in a Resolution40 dated 28 February 2013.

Hence, the instant petition.

The Issues

Petitioner raises the following issues:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

  1. WHETHER OR NOT NOTICES TO ALL PARTIES IN INTEREST ARE REQUIRED IN THIS CASE;

  2. WHETHER OR NOT THE LOWER COURT COULD ORDER PETITIONER TO AMEND HER PETITION TO IMPLEAD THE ADVERSE CLAIMANTS-APPELLEES;

  3. WHETHER OR NOT THE LOWER COURT COULD REFUSE ADMISSION OF AMENDED PETITION THAT INCLUDED HEIRS OF THE DECEASED RODOLFO BAYOMBONG;

  4. WHETHER OR NOT THE LOWER COURT COULD REFUSE HOLDING PRE-TRIAL CONFERENCE IN THE INSTANT CASE;

  5. WHETHER OR NOT THE TRIAL COURT WAS CORRECT IN ALLOWING THE HEARING OF ADVERSE CLAIMANTS- APPELLEES' AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES;

  6. WHETHER OR NOT THE TRIAL COURT WAS CORRECT IN REFUSING TO CONSIDER THE EVIDENCE OF THE PETITIONER IN ITS DECISION; [AND]

  7. WHETHER OR NOT THE LOWER COURT WAS CORRECT IN DISMISSING THE PETITION FILED IN THE INSTANT CASE.41
cralawlawlibrary

The Court's Ruling

We grant the petition in part.

At the crux is the question of who has a better right to the properties concerned: petitioner on the one hand, and Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong on the other?

No Valid Mortgage in Favor of Petitioner

Petitioner derives her title from Andigan, as mortgagor. However, at the time Andigan mortgaged the lots to petitioner he had already sold the same to Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong. Indeed, petitioner's case is negated by Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230. There, Andigan admitted that Lot Nos. 1052-A-l, 1052-A-2 and 1052-A-3 were the parcels of land he sold to Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong, respectively, on 28 December 1998.42 Hence, when Andigan mortgaged the lots to petitioner on 8 May 2000, he no longer had any right to do so. We quote with approval the discussion of the trial court:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Finally, when the spouses Andigan mortgaged to the herein petitioner Galido Lot Nos. 1052-A-l and 1052-A-2, the said lots were already sold to the respondents Palcat and Magrare. It is therefore as if nothing was mortgaged to her because Isagani Andigan was no longer the owner of the mortgaged real property. Under Art. 2085 of the Civil Code, two of the prescribed requisites for a valid mortgage are, that, the mortgagor be the absolute owner of the thing mortgaged and, that, he has the free disposal thereof. These requisites are absent when Isagani Andigan and his wife mortgaged the lots alluded to above to the herein petitioner.43cralawlawlibrary

A spring cannot rise higher than its source. Since Andigan no longer had any interest in the subject properties at the time he mortgaged them to her, petitioner had nothing to foreclose.

Prior Registered Adverse Claims Prevail

The parcels of land involved in this case are registered under the Torrens system. One who deals with property registered under the Torrens system need not go beyond the certificate of title, but only has to rely on the certificate of title.44 Every subsequent purchaser of registered land taking a certificate of title for value and in good faith shall hold the same free from all encumbrances except those noted on said certificate and any of the encumbrances provided by law.45

The Property Registration Decree46 provides:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Section 51. Conveyance and other dealings by registered owner. An owner of registered land may convey, mortgage, lease, charge or otherwise deal with the same in accordance with existing laws. He may use such forms of deeds, mortgages, leases or other voluntary instruments as are sufficient in law. But no deed, mortgage, lease, or other voluntary instrument, except a will purporting to convey or affect registered land shall take effect as a conveyance or bind the land, but shall operate only as a contract between the parties and as evidence of authority to the Register of Deeds to make registration.

The act of registration shall be the operative act to convey or affect the land insofar as third persons are concerned, and in all cases under this Decree, the registration shall be made in the office of the Register of Deeds for the province or city where the land lies.

Section 52. Constructive notice upon registration. Every conveyance, mortgage, lease, lien, attachment, order, judgment, instrument or entry affecting registered land shall, if registered, filed or entered in the office of the Register of Deeds for the province or city where the land to which it relates lies, be constructive notice to all persons from the time of such registering, filing or entering.cralawlawlibrary

The adverse claims were registered on the respective titles on 6 February 2001, at 11:00 in the morning. They were already in existence when petitioner filed her case for foreclosure of mortgage. In fact, when petitioner registered the mortgages on 6 February 2011 at 3:00 in the afternoon, she was charged with the knowledge that the properties subject of the mortgage were encumbered by interests the same as or better than that of the registered owner.

Petitioner does not hide the fact that she was aware of the adverse claim and the proceedings in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230. In her petition before the Court, she stated that "on March 03, 2004, petitioner had filed a third party claim with the Regional Trial Court, Branch 11 in said Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230."47

Instead, petitioner insists that it was illegal for Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong to file a case compelling the surrender of the owner's duplicates of TCT Nos. T-22374, T-22375 and T-22376. On the contrary, the law itself provides the recourse they took - registering an adverse claim and filing a petition in court to compel surrender of the owner's duplicate certificate of title:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Sec. 70. Adverse claim. Whoever claims any part or interest in registered land adverse to the registered owner, arising subsequent to the date of the original registration, may if no other provision is made in this Decree for registering the same, make a statement in writing setting forth fully his alleged right or interest, and how or under whom acquired, a reference to the number of the certificate of title of the registered owner, the name of the registered owner, and a description of the land which the right or interest is claimed.

x x x x

Sec. 107. Surrender of withheld duplicate certificates. Where it is necessary to issue a new certificate of title pursuant to any involuntary instrument which divests the title of the registered owner against his consent or where a voluntary instrument cannot be registered by reason of the refusal or failure of the holder to surrender the owner's duplicate certificate of title, the party in interest may file a petition in court to compel surrender of the same to the Register of Deeds. The court, after hearing, may order the registered owner or any person withholding the duplicate certificate to surrender the same, and direct the entry of a new certificate or memorandum upon such surrender. If the person withholding the duplicate certificate is not amenable to the process of the court, or if for any reason the outstanding owner's duplicate certificate cannot be delivered, the court may order the annulment of the same as well as the issuance of a new certificate of title in lieu thereof. Such new certificate and all duplicates thereof shall contain a memorandum of the annulment of the outstanding duplicate.
cralawlawlibrary

Further, RTC Branch 11, after trial on the merits of Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230, found for Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong. That decision has attained finality and was entered in the Book of Judgments. The trial court was correct in not touching upon the final and executory decision in that case.

Petitioner is not a Buyer in Good Faith

But even assuming that the mortgage was valid, petitioner can hardly be considered a buyer in good faith. A purchaser in good faith and for value is one who buys the property of another without notice that some other person has a right to or interest in such property and pays a full and fair price for the same at the time of such purchase, or before he has notice of the claims or interest of some other person in the property.48

As discussed above, petitioner had notice as early as 2001 of the adverse claims of Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong. The decision in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230 became final and executory before the Certificate of Sale was issued by the Provincial Sheriff on 14 July 2004 in Civil Case No. 3345.

Without speculating as to petitioner's motivations in foreclosing on the mortgage, the law on the matter is clear. Preference is given to the prior registered adverse claim because registration is the operative act that binds or affects the land insofar as third persons are concerned.49 Thus, upon registration of respondents' adverse claims, notice was given the whole world, including petitioner.

Hence, the trial court's dismissal of the case against Magrare and Palcat is in order. There is no need for us to discuss petitioner's other assignments of error. Besides, the same issues were sufficiently addressed by the Court of Appeals.

Heirs of Bayombong are Indispensable Parties

However, we find reversible error on the part of the trial court in not impleading the heirs of Bayombong. Indispensable parties are parties in interest without whom no final determination can be had of an action.50 Petitioner's action was for the cancellation of titles, including TCT No. T-22376. In its Order dated 17 January 2005,51 the trial court itself recognized that the controversy was contentious in nature, and required the participation of Bayombong, among others. Bayombong, like respondents Magrare and Palcat stood to be benefited or prejudiced by the outcome of the case. Since he was already dead at the time the case was filed by petitioner, the heirs of Bayombong stand in his stead not only as parties in interest, but indispensable parties. Without the heirs of Bayombong to represent the interest of Bayombong, there can be no complete determination of all the issues presented by petitioner, particularly, in regard to TCT No. T-22376.

Failure to implead an indispensable party is not a ground for the dismissal of an action, as the remedy in such case is to implead the party claimed to be indispensable, considering that parties may be added by order of the court, on motion of the party or on its own initiative at any stage of the action.52

By denying petitioner's motion to implead the heirs of Bayombong due to technicalities, the trial court in effect deprived petitioner a full adjudication of the action, and the heirs of Bayombong any beneficial effects of the decision. Indeed, the dismissal of the petition as to Magrare and Palcat greatly benefits them as the controversy regarding TCT Nos. T-22374 and T-22375 is finally laid to rest. Not so with the heirs of Bayombong. We note that the trial court's decision discusses TCT Nos. T-22374 and T-22375. The records do not contain any direct refutation of the claim of petitioner as to TCT No. T-22376, as could be expected since there were no parties impleaded to defend such interest. Hence, we cannot, without depriving petitioner due process, extend the trial court's decision to TCT No. T-22376.

Given the Court's authority to order the inclusion of an indispensable party at any stage of the proceedings,53 the heirs of Bayombong are hereby ordered impleaded as parties-defendants. Since the action has been disposed of as regards Magrare and Palcat, the action is to proceed solely against the heirs of Bayombong, once they are properly impleaded.54

We note that the counsel representing Magrare and Palcat is the same counsel that represented Magrare, Palcat and Bayombong in Civil Case No. 2001-2-3230. There is no information on record, apart from petitioner's allegation, whether or not counsel informed the court of the death of Bayombong, in accordance with Section 16, Rule 3 of the Rules of Court. Nevertheless, for expediency, Arty. Alexis C. Salvani is directed to provide the trial court and petitioner the full names and addresses of the heirs of Bayombong to enable the trial court to properly implead them.

WHEREFORE, we GRANT the petition IN PART. The Decision

dated 29 February 2012 and Resolution dated 28 February 2013 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CEB CV No. 02306, affirming the Order dated 2 October 2007 of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 12, San Jose, Antique in RTC Cad. Case No. 2004-819, Cad. Record No. 936, is: (1) AFFIRMED insofar as the dismissal of the case with respect to Nelson P. Magrare and Evangeline M. Palcat; and (2) REVERSED insofar as the dismissal of the case pertaining to TCT No. T-22376. The heirs of Rodolfo Bayombong are ORDERED IMPLEADED as parties-defendants and the trial court is directed to proceed with the case pertaining to TCT No. T-22376. Atty. Alexis C. Salvani is further directed to provide the full names and addresses of the heirs of Bayombong.

SO ORDERED.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

Brion, Del Castillo, Mendoza, and Leonen, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:


1 Under Rule 45 of the Revised Rules of Civil Procedure.

2Rollo, pp. 24-39. Penned by Associate Justice Pampio A. Abarintos with Associate Justices Eduardo B. Peralta, Jr. and Gabriel T. Ingles.

3 Id. at 50-51.

4 Id. at 157-167.

5 Id. at 52-56.

6 Records, p. 38.

7 Id. at 40.

8 Id. at 42.

9 Rollo, pp. 116-120.

10 Id.

11 Id. at 131-133.

12 Records, p. 188.

13 Id. at 189-190.

14Rollo, p. 81.

15 Records, pp. 193-194.

16 Id. at 197-200.

17 Id. at 44-45.

18 Id. at 38, 40 and 42.

19Rollo, p. 12.

20 Id. at 57-58.

21 Issued in lieu of TCT No. T-22374 in the name of Magrare.

22 Order dated 17 January 2005. Records, p. 55.

23 Id. at 74.

24 Id. at 75.

25 Id. at 107-108.

26 Id. at 124-125.

27 Id.

28 Id. at 79-83.

29 Id. at 270-271.

30 Id.

31 Id. at 307-309.

32 Id. at 312-313.

33 CA rollo, pp. 50-51.

34 Id. at 48.

35 Id. at 49.

36 Id. at 50.

37 Id. at 26.

38Rollo, pp. 24-39.

39 Id. at 38-39.

40 Id. at 50-51.

41 Id. at 11.

42 Records, pp. 186-188.

43 Id. at 325.

44Casimiro Development Corporation v. Mateo, 670 Phil. 311, 326-327 (2011).

45 Sec. 44, Presidential Decree No. 1529, entitled Amending and Codifying the Laws Relative to Registration of Property and for Other Purposes, also known as the Property Registration Decree.

46 Presidential Decree No. 1529.

47Rollo, p. 14.

48Martinez v. Garcia, 625 Phil. 377, 392 (2010).

49Spouses Chua v. Judge Gutierrez, 652 Phil. 84 (2010).

50 Rules of Court, Rule 3, Sec. 7.

51 Supra, note 22.

52Living @ Sense, Inc. v. Malayan Insurance Company, Inc., 695 Phil. 861, 866-867 (2012).

53Pacana-Contreras v. Rovila Water Supply, Inc., G.R. No. 168979, 2 December 2013, 711 SCRA 219, 245.

54 Rules of Court, Rule 36, Sec. 4.



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January-2016 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 201264, January 11, 2016 - FLORANTE VITUG, Petitioner, v. EVANGELINE A. ABUDA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 178110, January 12, 2016 - AYALA LAND, INC. AND CAPITOL CITIFARMS, INC., Petitioners, v. SIMEONA CASTILLO, LORENZO PERLAS, JESSIELYN CASTILLO, LUIS MAESA, ROLANDO BATIQUIN, AND BUKLURAN MAGSASAKA NG TIBIG, AS REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, SIMEONA CASTILLO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209387, January 11, 2016 - ERWIN LIBO-ON DELA CRUZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211140, January 12, 2016 - LORD ALLAN JAY Q. VELASCO, Petitioner, v. HON. SPEAKER FELICIANO R. BELMONTE, JR., SECRETARY GENERAL MARILYN B. BARUA-YAP AND REGINA ONGSIAKO REYES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 167333, January 11, 2016 - PEDRO LADINES, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND EDWIN DE RAMON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209921, January 13, 2016 - EMMA H. QUIRO-QUIRO, Petitioner, v. BALAGTAS CREDIT COOPERATIVE & COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. NO. RTJ-16-2443 (FORMERLY OCA IPINO. 10-3521-RTJ), January 11, 2016 - ARMANDO M. BALANAY, Complainant, v. JUDGE JULIANA ADALEM WHITE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 5, EASTERN SAMAR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203882, January 11, 2016 - LORELEI O. ILADAN, Petitioner, v. LA SUERTE INTERNATIONAL MANPOWER AGENCY, INC., AND DEBBIE LAO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198450, January 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FERNANDO RANCHE HAVANA A.K.A. FERNANDO RANCHE ABANA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 197825, January 11, 2016 - CAMILO SIBAL, Petitioner, v. PEDRO BUQUEL, SANTIAGO BUQUEL, JR., ROSALINDA BUQUEL, REPRESENTED BY FRANCISCO BUQUEL, Respondents.

  • AC. No. 10912, January 19, 2016 - PAULINA T. YU, Complainant, v. ATTY. BERLIN R. DELA CRUZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 180993, January 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE LAND REGISTRATION AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. RAYMUNDO VIAJE, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 218536, January 26, 2016 - ROLANDO P. TOLENTINO, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS (FIRST DIVISION), ATTY. CRISTINA T. GUIAO-GARCIA, AND HENRY MANALO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 205472, January 25, 2016 - AMADO I. SARAUM, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185746, January 20, 2016 - LUCITA TIOROSIO-ESPINOSA, Petitioner, v. HONORABLE PRESIDING JUDGE VIRGINIA HOFILEŅA-EUROPA, IN HER CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 11, 11TH JUDICIAL REGION, DAVAO CITY, NICOLAS L. SUMAPIG, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SHERIFF IV OF THE OFFICE OF THE PROVINCIAL SHERIFF, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, 11TH JUDICIAL REGION, DAVAO CITY AND NECEFERO JOVERO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180434, January 20, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. MIRANT PAGBILAO CORPORATION (NOW TEAM ENERGY CORPORATION), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204047, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ALEXANDER "SANDER" BANGSOY, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 193140, January 11, 2016 - MILA GRACE PATACSIL PIOTROWSKI, REP. BY HER ATTORNEY-IN- FACT, VENUS G. PATACSIL, Petitioner, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS AND GINA Q. DAPLIYAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205785, January 20, 2016 - HELEN B. LUKBAN, Petitioner, v. OPTIMUM DEVELOPMENT BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213215, January 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RUBEN BARON, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217948, January 12, 2016 - ALMA G. PARAISO-ABAN, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8723 [Formerly CBD Case No. 11-2974], January 26, 2016 - GREGORY FABAY, Complainant, v. ATTY. REX A. RESUENA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 196784, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MA. FE TORRES SOLINA A.K.A. MA. FE BAYLON GALLO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 176549, January 20, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, QUEZON CITY & PABLO MENDOZA, Petitioners, v. ROMEO C. CARRIEDO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206291, January 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ZALDY SALAHUDDIN AND THREE (3) OTHER UNIDENTIFIED COMPANIONS, Appellants.

  • G.R. Nos. 173254-55 & 173263, January 13, 2016 - DIAMOND FARMS, INC., Petitioner, v. SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES FEDERATION OF LABOR (SPFL)-WORKERS SOLIDARITY OF DARBMUPCO/DIAMOND-SPFL, DIAMOND FARMS AGRARIAN REFORM BENEFICIARIES MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE (DARBMUPCO), VOLTER LOPEZ, RUEL ROMERO, PATRICK) CAPRECHO, REY DIMACALI, ELESIO EMANEL, VICTOR SINGSON, NILDA DIMACALI, PREMITIVO* DIAZ, RUDY VISTAL, ROGER MONTERO, JOSISIMO GOMEZ AND MANUEL MOSQUERA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201310, January 11, 2016 - MARK REYNALD MARASIGAN Y DE GUZMAN, Petitioner, v. REGINALD FUENTES ALIAS "REGIE," ROBERT CALILAN ALIAS "BOBBY," AND ALAIN DELON LINDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 171722, January 11, 2016 - REMEDIOS PASCUAL, Petitioner, v. BENITO BURGOS, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209330, January 11, 2016 - SECRETARY LEILA DE LIMA, ASSISTANT STATE PROSECUTOR STEWART ALLAN A. MARIANO, ASSISTANT STATE PROSECUTOR VIMAR M. BARCELLANO AND ASSISTANT STATE PROSECUTOR GERARD E. GAERLAN, Petitioners, v. MARIO JOEL T. REYES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198745, January 13, 2016 - BANCO DE ORO UNIBANK, INC. (FORMERLY BANCO DE ORO-EPCI, INC.), Petitioner, v. SUNNYSIDE HEIGHTS HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208986, January 13, 2016 - HIJO RESOURCES CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. EPIFANIO P. MEJARES, REMEGIO C. BALURAN, JR., DANTE SAYCON, AND CECILIO CUCHARO, REPRESENTED BY NAMABDJERA-HRC, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201417, January 13, 2016 - ORIX METRO LEASING AND FINANCE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. CARDLINE INC., MARY C. CALUBAD, SONY N. CALUBAD, AND NG BENG SHENG, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208731, January 27, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AMUSEMENT AND GAMING CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE, COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, AND REGIONAL DIRECTOR, REVENUE REGION NO. 6, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173636, January 13, 2016 - HEIRS OF JOSE MA. GEPUELA, Petitioners, v. HERNITA MEŅEZ-ANDRES, ET AL., Respondents.; G.R. No. 173770 - HERNITA MEŅEZ-ANDRES AND NELIA MEŅEZ CAYETANO, REPRESENTED BY THEIR DULY-APPOINTED ATTORNEY-IN-FACT ANGELITO MEŅEZ, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF JOSE MA. GEPUELA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 199440, January 18, 2016 - MARY LOU GETURBOS TORRES, Petitioner, v. CORAZON ALMA G. DE LEON, IN HER CAPACITY AS SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS AND THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS, NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198627, January 13, 2016 - DST MOVERS CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE'S GENERAL INSURANCE CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 207406, January 13, 2016 - NORBERTO A. VITANGCOL, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 191132, January 27, 2016 - APOSTOLIC VICAR OF TABUK, INC. REPRESENTED BY BISHOP PRUDENCIO ANDAYA, JR., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ERNESTO AND ELIZABETH SISON AND VENANCIO WADAS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202885, January 20, 2016 - WALLEM MARITIME SERVICES, INC., REGINALDO A. OBEN AND WALLEM SHIPMANAGEMENT, LTD., Petitioners, v. EDWINITO V. QUILLAO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 217694, January 27, 2016 - FAIRLAND KNITCRAFT CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. ARTURO LOO PO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198594, January 25, 2016 - HELEN CALIMOSO, MARILYN P. CALIMOSO AND LIBY P. CALIMOSO, Petitioners, v. AXEL D. ROULLO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10910 [Formerly CBD Case No. 12-3594], January 19, 2016 - ANTERO M. SISON, JR., Complainant, v. ATTY. MANUEL N. CAMACHO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 167615, January 11, 2016 - SPOUSES ALEXANDER AND JULIE LAM, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE "COLORKWIK LABORATORIES" AND "COLORKWIK PHOTO SUPPLY", Petitioners, v. KODAK PHILIPPINES, LTD., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206147, January 13, 2016 - MICHAEL C. GUY, Petitioner, v. ATTY. GLENN C. GACOTT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206584, January 11, 2016 - MAE FLOR GALIDO, Petitioner, v. NELSON P. MAGRARE, EVANGELINE M. PALCAT, RODOLFO BAYOMBONG, AND REGISTER OF DEEDS OF ANTIQUE, SAN JOSE, ANTIQUE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214490, January 13, 2016 - HOWARD LESCANO Y CARREON @ "TISOY", Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. CA-15-31-P (formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 13-218-CA-P), January 12, 2016 - COMMITTEE ON SECURITY AND SAFETY, COURT OF APPEALS, Complainant, v. REYNALDO V. DIANCO - CHIEF SECURITY, JOVEN O. SORIANOSOS - SECURITY GUARD 3, AND ABELARDO P. CATBAGAN - SECURITY GUARD 3, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198172, January 25, 2016 - REGULUS DEVELOPMENT, INC., Petitioner, v. ANTONIO DELA CRUZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 195477, January 15, 2016 - SPOUSES HERMINIO E. ERORITA AND EDITHA C. ERORITA, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES LIGAYA DUMLAO AND ANTONIO DUMLAO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 191018, January 25, 2016 - CARLOS BORROMEO, Petitioner, v. FAMILY CARE HOSPITAL, INC. AND RAMON S. INSO, M.D., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202426, January 27, 2016 GINA ENDAYA, Petitioner, v. ERNESTO V. VILLAOS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201595, January 25, 2016 - ALLAN M. MENDOZA, Petitioner, v. OFFICERS OF MANILA WATER EMPLOYEES UNION (MWEU), NAMELY, EDUARDO B. BORELA, BUENAVENTURA QUEBRAL, ELIZABETH COMETA, ALEJANDRO TORRES, AMORSOLO TIERRA, SOLEDAD YEBAN, LUIS RENDON, VIRGINIA APILADO, TERESITA BOLO, ROGELIO BARBERO, JOSE CASAŅAS, ALFREDO MAGA, EMILIO FERNANDEZ, ROSITA BUENAVENTURA, ALMENIO CANCINO, ADELA IMANA, MARIO MANCENIDO, WILFREDO MANDILAG, ROLANDO MANLAPAZ, EFREN MONTEMAYOR, NELSON PAGULAYAN, CARLOS VILLA, RIC BRIONES,AND CHITO BERNARDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 169507, January 11, 2016 - AIR CANADA, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194964-65, January 11, 2016 - UNIVERSITY OF MINDANAO, INC., Petitioner, v. BANGKO SENTRAL PILIPINAS, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 168078, January 13, 2016 - FABIO CAHAYAG AND CONRADO RIVERA, Petitioners, v. COMMERCIAL CREDIT CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, LEONARDO B. ALEJANDRO; TERESITA T. QUA, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND ALFONSO MA. QUA; AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF LAS PINAS, METRO MANILA, DISTRICT IV, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 168357 - DULOS REALTY & DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, JUANITO C. DULOS; AND MILAGROS E. ESCALONA, AND ILUMINADA D. BALDOZA, Petitioners, v. COMMERCIAL CREDIT CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, LEONARDO B. ALEJANDRO; TERESITA T. QUA, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND ALFONSO MA. QUA; AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF LAS PINAS, METRO MANILA, DISTRICT IV, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212623, January 11, 2016 - ENRIQUE G. DE LEON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND SPO3 PEDRITO L. LEONARDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219603, January 26, 2016 - MARY ELIZABETH TY-DELGADO, Petitioner, v. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL AND PHILIP ARREZA PICHAY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215847, January 12, 2016 - GOV. EXEQUIEL B. JAVIER, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, CORNELIO P. ALDON, AND RAYMUNDO T. ROQUERO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 186635, January 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner,; UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, Oppositor, v. SEGUNDINA ROSARIO, JOINED BY ZUELLGATE CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212426, January 12, 2016 - RENE A.V. SAGUISAG, WIGBERTO E. TAŅADA, FRANCISCO "DODONG" NEMENZO, JR., SR. MARY JOHN MANANZAN, PACIFICO A. AGABIN, ESTEBAN "STEVE" SALONGA, H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR., EVALYN G. URSUA, EDRE U. OLALIA, DR. CAROL PAGADUAN-ARAULLO, DR. ROLAND SIMBULAN, AND TEDDY CASINO, Petitioners, v. EXECUTIVE PAQUITO N. DEPARTMENT DEFENSE VOLTAIRE DEPARTMENT SECRETARY OCHOA, JR., OF NATIONAL SECRETARY GAZMIN, OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECRETARY ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, JR., DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT SECRETARY FLORENCIO ABAD, AND ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL EMMANUEL T. BAUTISTA, Respondents.; G.R. No. 212444 - BAGONG ALYANSANG MAKABAYAN (BAYAN), REPRESENTED BY ITS SECRETARY GENERAL RENATO M. REYES, JR., BAYAN MUNA PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVES NERI J. COLMENARES AND CARLOS ZARATE, GABRIELA WOMEN'S PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVES LUZ ILAGAN AND EMERENCIANA DE JESUS, ACT TEACHERS PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE ANTONIO L. TINIO, ANAKPAWIS PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE FERNANDO HICAP, KABATAAN PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE TERRY RIDON, MAKABAYANG KOALISYON NG MAMAMAYAN (MAKABAYAN), REPRESENTED BY SATURNINO OCAMPO AND LIZA MAZA, BIENVENIDO LUMBERA, JOEL C. LAMANGAN, RAFAEL MARIANO, SALVADOR FRANCE, ROGELIO M. SOLUTA, AND CLEMENTE G. BAUTISTA, Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE (DND) SECRETARY VOLTAIRE GAZMIN, DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECRETARY ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PAQUITO N. OCHOA, JR., ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL EMMANUEL T. BAUTISTA, DEFENSE UNDERSECRETARY PIO LORENZO BATINO, AMBASSADOR LOURDES YPARRAGUIRRE, AMBASSADOR J. EDUARDO MALAYA, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE UNDERSECRETARY FRANCISCO BARAAN III, AND DND ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR STRATEGIC ASSESSMENTS RAYMUND JOSE QUILOP AS CHAIRPERSON AND MEMBERS, RESPECTIVELY, OF THE NEGOTIATING PANEL FOR THE PHILIPPINES ON EDCA, Respondents.; KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON, ELMER LABOG, CONFEDERATION FOR UNITY, RECOGNITION AND ADVANCEMENT OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES (COURAGE), REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT FERDINAND GAITE, NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNIONS-KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT JOSELITO USTAREZ, NENITA GONZAGA, VIOLETA ESPIRITU, VIRGINIA FLORES, AND ARMANDO TEODORO, JR., Petitioners-in-Intervention; RENE A.Q. SAGUISAG, JR., Petitioners-in-Intervention.

  • G.R. No. 191033, January 11, 2016 - THE ORCHARD GOLF & COUNTRY CLUB, INC., EXEQUIEL D. ROBLES, CARLO R.H. MAGNO, CONRADO L. BENITEZ II, VICENTE R. SANTOS, HENRY CUA LOPING, MARIZA SANTOS-TAN, TOMAS B. CLEMENTE III, AND FRANCIS C. MONTALLANA, Petitioners, v. ERNESTO V. YU AND MANUEL C. YUHICO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174673, January 11, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. FE ROA GIMENEZ AND IGNACIO B. GIMENEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211737, January 13, 2016 - SERGIO R. OSMEŅA III, Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS SECRETARY JOSEPH EMILIOI A. ABAYA, MACTAN-CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY (MCIAA), THE PRE-QUALIFICATION, BIDS AND AWARDS COMMITTEE (PBAC) FOR THE MACTAN-CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PROJECT THROUGH ITS CHAIRMAN, UNDERSECRETARY JOSE PERPETUO M. LOTILLA, GMR INFRASTRUCTURE, LTD. AND MEGAWIDE CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 214756 - BUSINESS FOR PROGRESS MOVEMENT AS REPRESENTED BY MEDARDO C. DEACOSTA, JR., Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, GMR-MEGAWIDE CEBU AIRPORT CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173137, January 11, 2016 - BASES CONVERSION DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. DMCI PROJECT DEVELOPERS, INC., Respondent.; G.R. NO. 173170 - NORTH LUZON RAILWAYS CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. DMCI PROJECT DEVELOPERS, INC. Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201614, January 12, 2016 - SHERYL M. MENDEZ, Petitioner, v. SHARI'A DISTRICT COURT, 5th SHARI'A DISTRICT, COTABATO CITY, RASAD G. BALINDONG (ACTING PRESIDING JUDGE); 1st SHARI'A CIRCUIT COURT, 5th SHARI'A DISTRICT, COTABATO CITY, MONTANO K. KALIMPO (PRESIDING JUDGE); AND DR. JOHN O. MALIGA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174471, January 12, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. JERRY PEPINO Y RUERAS AND PRECIOSA GOMEZ Y CAMPOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 197970, January 25, 2016 - METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, Petitioner, v. FADCOR, INC. OR THE FLORENCIO CORPORATION, LETICIA D. FLORENCIO, RACHEL FLORENCIO-AGUSTIN, MA. MERCEDES FLORENCIO AND ROSENDO CESAR FLORENCIO, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214241, January 13, 2016 - SPOUSES RAMON AND LIGAYA GONZALES, Petitioners, v. MARMAINE REALTY CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY MARIANO MANALO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194962, January 27, 2016 - CAGAYAN ECONOMIC ZONE AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. MERIDIEN VISTA GAMING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 173140, January 11, 2016 - MACTAN CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY [MCIAA], Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF GAVINA IJORDAN, NAMELY, JULIAN CUISON, FRANCISCA CUISON, DAMASTNA CUISON, PASTOR CUISON, ANGELINA CUISON, MANSUETO CUISON, BONIFACIA CUISON, BASILIO CUISON, MOISES CUISON, AND FLORENCIO CUISON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 171303, January 20, 2016 - ELIZABETH L. DIAZ, Petitioner, v. GEORGINA R. ENCANTO, ERNESTO G. TABUJARA, GEMINO H. ABAD AND UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 165223, January 11, 2016 - WINSTON F. GARCIA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAGER OF THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (GSIS), Petitioner, v. MARIO I. MOLINA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205639, January 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPRNES, Appellee, v. ANITA MIRANBA Y BELTRAN, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203642, January 18, 2016 - THOMASITES CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (TCIS), Petitioner, v. RUTH N. RODRIGUEZ, IRENE P. PADRIGON AND ARLYN B. RILLERA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213863, January 27, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. EDGARDO L. SANTOS, REPRESENTED BY HIS ASSIGNEE, ROMEO L. SANTOS, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 214021 - EDGARDO L. SANTOS, REPRESENTED BY HIS ASSIGNEE, ROMEO L. SANTOS, Petitioner, v. LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 195666, January 20, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FE ABELLA Y BUHAIN, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 172919, January 13, 2016 - TIMOTEO BACALSO AND DIOSDADA BACALSO, Petitioners, v. GREGORIA B. ACA-AC, EUTIQUIA B. AGUILA, JULIAN BACUS AND EVELYN SYCHANGCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198140, January 25, 2016 - IA1 ERWIN L. MAGCAMIT, Petitioner, v. INTERNAL AFFAIRS SERVICE -PHILIPPINE DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY, AS REPRESENTED BY SI V ROMEO M. ENRIQUEZ AND DIRECTOR GENERAL DIONISIO R. SANTIAGO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213607, January 25, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GLEN PIAD Y BORI, RENATO VILLAROSA Y PLATINO AND NILO DAVIS Y ARTIGA, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 207970, January 20, 2016 - FERNANDO MEDICAL ENTERPRISES, INC., Petitioner, v. WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206224, January 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JUAN ASISLO Y MATIO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 215995, January 19, 2016 - VICE-MAYOR MARCELINA S. ENGLE, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS EN BANC AND WINSTON B. MENZON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174909, January 20, 2016 - MARCELINO M. FLORETE, JR., MARIA ELENA F. MUYCO AND RAUL A. MUYCO, Petitioners, v. ROGELIO M. FLORETE, IMELDA C. FLORETE, DIAMEL CORPORATION, ROGELIO C. FLORETE JR., AND MARGARET RUTH C. FLORETE, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 177275 - ROGELIO M. FLORETE SR., Petitioner, v. MARCELINO M. FLORETE, JR., MARIA ELENA F. MUYCO AND RAUL A. MUYCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213472, January 26, 2016 - ZAMBOANGA CITY WATER DISTRICT, REPRESENTED BY ITS GENERAL MANAGER, LEONARDO REY D. VASQUEZ, ZAMBOANGA CITY WATER DISTRICT-EMPLOYEES UNION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, NOEL A. FABIAN, LOPE IRINGAN, ALEJO S. ROJAS, JR., EDWIN N. MAKASIAR, RODOLFO CARTAGENA, ROBERTO R. MENDOZA, GREGORIO R. MOLINA, ARNULFO A. ALFONSO, LUCENA R. BUSCAS, LUIS A. WEE, LEILA M. MONTEJO, FELECITA G. REBOLLOS, ERIC A. DELGADO, NORMA L. VILLAFRANCA, ABNER C. PADUA, SATURNINO M. ALVIAR, FELIPE S. SALCEDO, JULIUS P. CARPITANOS, HANLEY ALBANA, JOHNY D. DEMAYO, ARCHILES A. BRAULIO, ELIZA MAY R. BRAULIO, TEDILITO R. SARMIENTO, SUSANA C. BONGHANOY, LUZ A. BIADO, ERIC V. SALARITAN, RYAN ED C. ESTRADA, NOEL MASA KAWAGUCHI, TEOTIMO REYES, JR., EUGENE DOMINGO, AND ALEX ACOSTA, REPRESENTED BY LUIS A. WEE, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198889, January 20, 2016 - UFC PHILIPPINES, INC. (NOW MERGED WITH NUTRI-ASIA, INC., WITH NUTRI-ASIA, INC. AS THE SURVIVING ENTITY), Petitioner, v. FIESTA BARRIO MANUFACTURING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192914, January 28, 2016 - NAPOLEON D. SENIT, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10952, January 26, 2016 - ENGEL PAUL ACA, Complainant, v. ATTY. RONALDO P. SALVADO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10859 [Formerly CBD Case No. 09-2514], January 26, 2016 - MARIA FATIMA JAPITANA, Complainant, v. ATTY. SYLVESTER C. PARADO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192268, January 27, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS REGIONAL DIRECTOR, Petitioner, v. DELFINA C. CASIBANG, ANGELINA C. CANAPI, ERLINDA C. BAJAN, LORNA G. GUMABAY, DION1SIA C. ALONZO, MARIA C. BANGAYAN AND DIGNA C. BINAYUG, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180559, January 20, 2016 - ANECITA GREGORIO, Petitioner, v. MARIA CRISOLOGO VDA. DE CULIG, THRU HER ATTORN EY-IN-FACT ALFREDO CULIG, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198752, January 13, 2016 - ARTURO C. ALBA, JR., DULY REPRESENTED BY HIS ATTORNEYS-IN-FACT, ARNULFO B. ALBA AND ALEXANDER C. ALBA, Petitioner, v. RAYMUND D. MALAPAJO, RAMIL D. MALAPAJO AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS FOR THE CITY OF ROXAS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196140, January 27, 2016 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. ELIZABETH MANALASTAS AND BEA CASTILLO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 216920, January 13, 2016 - GIRLIE M. QUISAY, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210454, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. RONALDO CASACOP Y AMIL, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 187691, January 13, 2016 - OLYMPIA HOUSING, INC., Petitioner, v. ALLAN LAPASTORA AND IRENE UBALUBAO, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-15-3344, January 13, 2016 - ANTONIO A. FERNANDEZ, Complainant, v. MILA A. ALERTA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214092, January 11, 2016 - ECHO 2000 COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, EDWARD N. ENRIQUEZ, LEONORA K. BENEDICTO AND ATTY. GINA WENCESLAO, Petitioners, v. OBRERO FILIPINO-ECHO 2000 CHAPTER-CLO, ARLO C. CORTES AND DAVE SOMIDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 197665, January 13, 2016 - P/S INSP. SAMSON B. BELMONTE, SPO1 FERMO R. GALLARDE, PO3 LLOYD F. SORIA, PO1 HOMER D. GENEROSO, PO1 SERGS DC. MACEREN, PO3 AVELINO L. GRAVADOR, PO2 FIDEL O. GUEREJERO, AND PO1 JEROME T. NOCHEFRANCA, JR., Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY OMBUDSMAN FOR THE MILITARY AND OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICES, OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188213, January 11, 2016 - NATIVIDAD C. CRUZ AND BENJAMIN DELA CRUZ, Petitioners, v. PANDACAN HIKER'S CLUB, INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, PRISCILAILAO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170004, January 13, 2016 - ILONA HAPITAN, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES JIMMY LAGRADILLA AND WARLILY LAGRADILLA AND ESMERALDA BLACER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174113, January 13, 2016 - PAZ CHENG Y CHU, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF PHILIPPINES, THE Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 176986, January 13, 2016 - NISSAN CAR LEASE PHILS., INC., Petitioner, v. LICA MANAGEMENT, INC. AND PROTON PILIPINAS, INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 178501, January 11, 2016 - NILO S. RODRIGUEZ, FRANCISCO T. ALISANGCO, BENJAMIN T. ANG, VICENTE P. ANG, SILVESTRE D. ARROYO, RUDERICO C. BAQUIRAN, WILFREDO S. CRUZ, EDMUNDO M. DELOS REYES, JR., VIRGILIO V. ECARMA, ISMAEL F. GALISIM, TITO F. GARCIA, LIBERATO D. GUTIZA, GLADYS L. JADIE, LUISITO M. JOSE, PATERNO C. LABUGA, JR. NOEL Y. LASTIMOSO, DANILO C. MATIAS, BEN T. MATURAN, VIRGILIO N. OCHARAN, GABRIEL P. PIAMONTE, JR., ARTURO A. SABADO, MANUEL P. SANCHEZ, MARGOT A. CORPUS AS THE SURVIVING SPOUSE OF THE DECEASED ARNOLD S. CORPUS, AND ESTHER VICTORIA A. ALCAŅESES AS THE SURVIVING SPOUSE OF THE DECEASED EFREN S. ALCAŅESES, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., AND NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 178510 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. NILO S. RODRIGUEZ, FRANCISCO T. ALISANGCO, BENJAMIN T. ANG, VICENTE P. ANG, SILVESTRE D. ARROYO, RUDERICO C. BAQUIRAN, ARNOLD S. CORPUS, WILFREDO S. CRUZ, EDMUNDO M. DELOS REYES, JR., VIRGILIO V. ECARMA, ISMAEL F. GALISIM, TITO F. GARCIA, LIBERATO D. GUTIZA, GLADYS L. JADIE, LUISITO M. JOSE, PATERNO C. LABUGA, JR., NOEL Y. LASTIMOSO, DANILO C. MATIAS, BEN T. MATURAN, VIRGILIO N. OCHARAN, GABRIEL M. PIAMONTE, JR., RODOLFO O. POE, JR., ARTURO A. SABADO, MANUEL P. SANCHEZ, and ESTHER VICTORIA A. ALCAŅESES, AS THE SOLE HEIR OF THE DECEASED EFREN S. ALCAŅESES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190798, January 27, 2016 - RONALD IBAŅEZ, EMILIO IBAŅEZ, AND DANIEL "BOBOT" IBAŅEZ, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 198916-17, January 11, 2016 - MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Petitioner, v. ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. NOS. 198920-21 - ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 198916-17, January 11, 2016 - MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Petitioner, v. ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. NOS. 198920-21 - ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10868 [Formerly CBD Case No. 07-2041], January 26, 2016 - CHERYL E. VASCO-TAMARAY, Complainant, v. ATTY. DEBORAH Z. DAQUIS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212070, January 20, 2016 - CEBU PEOPLE'S MULTI­PURPOSE COOPERATIVE AND MACARIO G. QUEVEDO, Petitioners, v. NICERATO E. CARBONILLA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 160408, January 11, 2016 - SPOUSES ROBERTO AND ADELAIDA PEN, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES SANTOS AND LINDA JULIAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180235, January 20, 2016 - ALTA VISTA GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, Petitioner, v. THE CITY OF CEBU, HON. MAYOR TOMAS R. OSMEŅA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS MAYOR OF CEBU, AND TERESITA C. CAMARILLO, IN HER CAPACITY AS THE CITY TREASURER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 177680, January 13, 2016 - JENNIFER C. LAGAHIT, Petitioner, v. PACIFIC CONCORD CONTAINER LINES/MONETTE CUENCA (BRANCH MANAGER), Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 10753 (Formerly CBD Case No. 10-2703), January 26, 2016 - ATTY. PABLO B. FRANCISCO, Complainant, v. ATTY. ROMEO M. FLORES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 156635, January 11, 2016 - THE HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION EMPLOYEES UNION, MA. DALISAY P. DELA CHICA, MARVILON B. MILITANTE, DAVID Z. ATANACIO, JR., CARMINA C. RIVERA, MARIO T. FERMIN(T), ISABELO E. MOLO, RUSSEL M. PALMA, IMELDA G. HERNANDEZ, VICENTE M. LLACUNA, JOSEFINA A. ORTIGUERRO, MA. ASUNCION G. KIMSENG, MIGUEL R. SISON, RAUL P. GERONIMO, MARILOU E. CADENA, ANA N. TAMONTE, AVELINO Q. RELUCIO, JORALYN R. GONGORA, CORAZON E. ALBOS, ANABELLA J. GONZALES, MA. CORAZON Q. BALTAZAR, MARIA LUZ I. JIMENEZ, ELVIRA A. ORLINA, SAMUEL B. ELLARMA, ROSARIO A. FLORES, EDITHA L. BROQUEZA, REBECCA T. FAJARDO, MA. VICTORIA C. LUNA, MA. THERESA G. GALANG, BENIGNO V. AMION, GERARDO J. DE LEON, ROWENA T. OCAMPO, MALOU P. DIZON, RUBEN DE C. ATIENZA, MELO E. GABA, HERNAN B. CAMPOSANTO, NELIA D. M. DERIADA, LOLITO L. HILIS, GRACE C. MABUNAY, FE ESPERANZA C. GERONG, MANUEL E. HERRERA, JOSELITO J. GONZAGA, ULDARTCO D. PEDIDA, ROSALINA JULIET B. LOQUELLANO, MARCIAL F. GONZAGA, MERCEDES R. PAULE, JOSE TEODORO A. MOTUS, BLANCHE D. MOTUS, DAISY M. FAGUTAO, ANTONIO A. DEL ROSARIO, EMMANUEL JUSTIN S. GREY, FRANCISCA DEL MUNDO, JULIETA A. CRUZ, RODRIGO J. DURANO, CATALINA R. YEE, MENANDRO CALIGAGAN, MAIDA M. SACRO MILITANTE, LEONILA M. PEREZ, AND EMMA MATEO, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND THE HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION, LTD., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211062, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MANUEL MACAL Y BOLASCO, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 158622, January 27, 2016 - SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN L. AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF DAVAO CITY, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 169441 - DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN AND NANCY LIMSO, Petitioners, v. HON. JESUS V. QUITAIN, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 15 AND PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 172958 - DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT ROBERT ALAN L. LIMSO, AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Petitioners, v. HON. JESUS V. QUITAIN, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 15 AND PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 173194 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Petitioner, v. DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN LIMSO AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 196958 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Petitioner, v. DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN L. LIMSO AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 197120 - DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 205463 - IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION EX-PARTE FOR THE ISSUANCE OF THE WRIT OF POSSESSION UNDER LRC RECORD NO. 12973, 18031 AND LRC RECORD NO. 317, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK,