Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > July 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 208009, July 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDILBERTO PUSING Y TAMOR, Accused-Appellant.:




G.R. No. 208009, July 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDILBERTO PUSING Y TAMOR, Accused-Appellant.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

G.R. No. 208009, July 11, 2016

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDILBERTO PUSING Y TAMOR, Accused-Appellant.

R E S O L U T I O N

LEONEN, J.:

When a female minor alleges rape, "she says in effect all that is necessary to mean that she has been raped."1chanrobleslaw

This resolves an appeal of a conviction for two (2) counts of qualified rape and one (1) count of child abuse of a minor.2 AAA, a minor, is accused-appellant Edilberto Tamor Pusing's (Pusing) foster daughter.3 She, her mother (Pusing's former live-in partner), and Pusing resided in his house.4 After AAA's mother's death, Pusing took AAA in his custody.5 Soon, Pusing had AAA's aunt, CCC, as his common-law spouse.6 CCC is the sister of AAA's mother.7 They all lived together.8chanrobleslaw

On or about April 5, 2004, while they were at home,9 Pusing allegedly went on top of AAA, put his penis in her mouth, mashed her breasts, kissed her on the lips, licked her vagina, and inserted his penis into her genital.10chanrobleslaw

The next day, AAA's cousin, BBB (CCC's son from a previous marriage), came to attend the wake of his brother (CCC's other son).11 There, BBB was prodded by Pusing's neighbor12 to take AAA in his custody because Pusing allegedly did something to her.13 Alarmed, BBB took AAA to his house in Manila, where she revealed the rape to BBB and his wife.14chanrobleslaw

BBB assisted AAA in filing a complaint before the police.15 He was referred to the Philippine National Police Crime Laboratory for AAA's medical examination.16 AAA was examined on April 7, 2004.17chanrobleslaw

In four (4) separate Informations, Pusing was charged with the rape and abuse of AAA, a 12-year-old18 minor with the cognitive ability of a nine-year-old.19 The charging portions in the Informations are as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary(a) Criminal Case No. 127823-H charges rape through carnal knowledge of an offended party under 12 years of age or is demented, under Article 266-A(l)(d),20 in relation to the special qualifying circumstance that the offender knew of the offended party's intellectual disability at the time of the commission of the crime, pursuant to Article 266-B(10)21 of the Revised Penal Code:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

That, on or about the 5th day of April, 2004, in the Municipality of (PPP), Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, taking advantage of his moral authority and influence being the common law husband of the offended party's aunt who acts as the offended party's guardian, and by means of force, threat and intimidation, did, then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously have sexual intercourse with one (AAA), a 12 year old minor, against the latter's will and consent, the said crime having been attended by the qualifying circumstance that the offender knew of the mental disability, emotional disorder and/or physical handicap of the offended party at the time of the commission of the crime, the offended party being a special child with a mental capacity of a 9 year old person, aggravated by the circumstances of abuse of superior strength, dwelling and the act having been committed with insult or in disregard of the respect due the offended party on account of her minority, to the damage and prejudice of said victim (AAA).22 (Emphasis supplied)

(b) Criminal Case No. 127824-H charges rape through sexual assault by inserting the offender's penis into the offended party's mouth, under Article 266-A(2),23 and the offended party being under 12 years old or demented, under Article 266-A(l)(d), in relation to the special qualifying circumstance that the offender knew of the offended party's intellectual disability at the time of the commission of the crime, pursuant to Article 266-B(10) and (12)24 of the Revised Penal Code:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
That, on or about the 5th day of April, 2004, in the Municipality of (PPP), Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, taking advantage of his moral authority and influence being the common law husband of the offended party's aunt who acts as the offended party's guardian, and by means of force, threat and intimidation, did, then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously commit an act of sexual assault by means of inserting his penis into the mouth of one (AAA), a 12 year-old minor, against the latter's will and consent, the said crime having been attended by the qualifying circumstance that the offender knew of the mental disability, emotional disorder and/or physical handicap of the offended party at the time of the commission of the crime, the offended party being a special child with a mental capacity of a 9 year old person, aggravated by the circumstances of abuse of superior strength, dwelling and the act having been committed with insult or in disregard of the respect due the offended party on account of her minority, to the damage and prejudice of said victim (AAA).25cralawred (Emphasis supplied)

(c) Criminal Case No. 127825-H charges committing lascivious conduct on a victim under 12 years old, pursuant to Section 5(b)26 of Republic Act No. 7610:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
That, on or about the 5th day of April, 2004, in the Municipality of (PPP), Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, actuated by lust, did, then and there willfully, unlawfully and knowing [ly] commit lascivious act [sic] upon the person of one (AAA), a 12 year old minor with the mental age of a 9 year old child, by causing (AAA) to masturbate the penis of the accused, against the will and consent of (AAA), thus constituting child abuse which is an act that is prejudicial to the normal development of said (AAA).27 (Emphasis supplied)

(d) Criminal Case No. 127826-H charges committing lascivious conduct on a victim under 12 years old, pursuant to Section 5(b) of Republic Act No. 7610:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
That, on or about the 5th day of April, 2004, in the Municipality of (PPP), Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, actuated by lust, did, then and there willfully, unlawfully and knowing[ly] commit lascivious act [sic] upon the person of one (AAA), a 12 year old minor with the mental age of a 9 year old child, by mashing the breast[s] and licking the vagina of the latter against her will and consent, thus constituting child abuse which is an act that is prejudicial to the normal development of said (AAA).28 (Emphasis supplied)

Five (5) witnesses were presented for the prosecution: AAA,29 her cousin BBB,30 PCI Joseph Palermo, M.D.,31 Dr. Elma Tolentino,32 and Police Officer III Dennis B. Salopaguio.33chanrobleslaw

AAA testified that on the day of the incident, she and Pusing were home when he consummated the act.34 AAA detailed what happened:35 Pusing went on top of AAA, inserted his penis into her mouth, mashed her breasts, kissed her on the lips, licked her vagina, and penetrated her.36chanrobleslaw

BBB testified that he and his wife found out about what Pusing did after BBB rescued the victim.37 BBB confirmed that AAA has been intellectually challenged even before the incident.38 He added that Pusing was aware of this.39 According to BBB, AAA was only 14 years old at the time he discovered the abuse.40chanrobleslaw

Dr. Elma Tolentino testified that based on AAA's October 18, 2006 dental examination, AAA was about 14 years old at the time of rape.41chanrobleslaw

On April 16, 2004, Dr. Joseph Palermo issued a Medico-Legal Report finding that AAA had a deep healed laceration, with "clear evidence of blunt force trauma or penetrating trauma."42 The Sexual Crime Protocol also concluded that AAA, being 12 years old but still in Grade 2, is mentally deficient.43chanrobleslaw

Two (2) witnesses testified for the defense: Pusing and CCC.44chanrobleslaw

Pusing testified that when AAA lived with him, he treated her as his adopted daughter; he" could not have committed rape against her.45 He did not know that she was suffering from any intellectual disability.46 He claimed that the filing of the case was instigated by BBB, who had ill feelings towards his mother, CCC, and was interested in Pusing's house and lot.47 Finally, Pusing alleged that BBB hoped to take over the property, which, by his own admission, was not titled under his name.48chanrobleslaw

CCC testified that at the time of the alleged incidents, she and Pusing were busy attending to the wake of her deceased son, BBB's sibling.49 She claimed that BBB and Pusing were not in good terms, and BBB caused Pusing's arrest because of interest over Pusing's house.50 On cross-examination, she admitted that she was not aware how BBB would benefit in filing the case.51chanrobleslaw

In the Decision dated March 16, 2009, the Regional Trial Court found Pusing guilty beyond reasonable doubt of two (2) counts of rape and one (1) count of child abuse. The dispositive portion reads:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
WHEREFORE, finding accused EDILBERTO PUSING y TAMOR @ EDWIN guilty beyond reasonable doubt, the Court hereby sentences him as follows:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
IN CRIM. CASE NO. 127823 for QUALIFIED RAPE -the penalty of Reclusion Perpetua without eligibility for parole; and to pay AAA the amount of Php50,000.00 as civil indemnity; Php50,000.00 for moral damages and Php25,000.00 for exemplary damages;

IN CRIM. CASE NO. 127824 for QUALIFIED RAPE (of the second kind) - the indeterminate penalty of Six (6) years and 1 day of Prision Mayor as minimum, to Seventeen (if) years and Ten (10) months of Reclusion Temporal, as maximum and to pay the amount of Php50,000.00 as civil indemnity; Php50,000.00 for moral damages and Php25,000.00 for exemplary damages;

IN CRIM. CASE NO. 127826 for CHILD ABUSE - the indeterminate penalty of Fourteen (14) years and Eight (8) Months of Reclusion Temporal as minimum to Twenty (20) years of Reclusion Temporal, as maximum and to pay the amount of Php50,000.00 as civil indemnity; Php50,000.00 for moral damages and Php25,000.00 for exemplary damages.
Meanwhile, accused is ACQUITTED of the crime charged in Crim. Case No. 127825-H for insufficiency of evidence.

SO ORDERED.53 (Emphasis in the original)

In the Decision54 dated August 24, 2012, the Court of Appeals affirmed in toto the Regional Trial Court Decision:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
WHEREFORE, premises considered, the appeal is hereby DENIED and the challenged Decision dated 16 March 2009, supra, is hereby AFFIRMED in toto. (

SO ORDERED.55 (Emphasis in the original)

Pusing filed his Notice of Appeal.56 The Office of the Solicitor General57 and Pusing58 filed their respective Manifestations before this Court, noting that they would no longer file supplemental briefs and, instead, adopt their respective Appellant's and Appellee's Briefs.

For resolution is whether accused-appellant Edilberto Tamor Pusing is guilty beyond reasonable doubt of two (2) counts of qualified rape and one (1) count of child abuse.

Both the Regional Trial Court and the Court of Appeals correctly found accused-appellant guilty beyond reasonable doubt of:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
(a)
qualified rape through carnal knowledge under Article 266-A(l)(d) in relation to Article 266-B(6)(10) of the Revised Penal Code;
(b)
qualified rape through sexual assault under Article 266-A(2), in relation to Article 266-A(l)(d) and Article 266-B(6)(10) and (12) of the Revised Penal Code; and
(c)
sexual violence against a minor through the lascivious conduct of mashing her breasts and licking her vagina under the second and third phrases of Section 5(b) of Republic Act No. 7610, in relation to Article 2(h) of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 7610.

Both the Regional Trial Court and the Court of Appeals likewise correctly dismissed the charge of sexual violence against a minor by causing the child to masturbate accused-appellant's penis, as this was never proven in trial.59 chanrobleslaw

For the first charge (rape through carnal knowledge), under the Revised Penal Code, as amended, the first type of rape is committed as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
Article 266-A. Rape: When And How Committed. -Rape is committed:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary1) By a man who shall have carnal knowledge of a woman under any of the following circumstances:
....
d) When the offended party is under twelve (12) years of age or is demented, even though none of the circumstances mentioned above be present. (Emphasis supplied)

In People v. Quintos,60 we have defined "'twelve (12) years of age' under Article 266-A(1)(d) ... [as] either the chronological age of the child if he or she is not suffering from intellectual disability, or the mental age if intellectual disability is established."61chanrobleslaw

Rape is qualified for the first charge as accused-appellant committed it with any of the following aggravating/qualifying circumstances under Article 266-B(6)(1) and (10):62chanrobleslaw

1) When the victim is under eighteen (18) years of age and the offender is a ... guardian ... or the common law spouse of the parent of the victim;
....
10) When the offender knew of the mental disability ... of the offended party at the time of the commission of the crime.

For the second charge (rape through sexual assault), under Article 266-A(2), the second type of rape is committed as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
By any person who, under any of the circumstances mentioned in paragraph 1 hereof, shall commit an act of sexual assault by inserting his penis into another person's mouth or anal orifice, or any instrument or object, into the genital or anal orifice of another person. (Emphasis supplied)

As accused-appellant committed the act with the qualifying circumstances under Article 266-B(6)(l) and (10), rape is qualified for the second charge.

For the third charge (sexual violence against a minor through acts of lasciviousness), Republic Act No. 7610 provides the following elements:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
Section 5. Child Prostitution and Other Sexual Abuse.
.....
(b) Those who commit the act of ... lascivious conduct with a child ... or subject to other sexual abuse; Provided, That when the victim is under twelve (12) years of age, the perpetrators shall be prosecuted under Article 335, paragraph 3, for rape and Article 336 of Act No. 3815, as amended, the Revised Penal Code, for rape or lascivious conduct, as the case may be: Provided, That the penalty for lascivious conduct when the victim is under twelve (12) years of age shall be reclusion temporal in its medium period[.]63 (Emphasis supplied)

Article 2(h) of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 7610 defines lascivious conduct as:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
[T]he intentional touching, either directly or through clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks, or the introduction of any object into the genitalia, anus or mouth, of any person, whether of the same or opposite sex, with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person, bestiality, masturbation, lascivious exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of a person[.]64chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

A careful examination of the records shows that there is nothing that would warrant a reversal of the Decisions of the Regional Trial Court and the Court of Appeals. When a woman, especially a minor,65 alleges rape, "she says in effect all that is necessary to mean that she has been raped."66chanrobleslaw

It is settled that "factual findings of the trial court and its evaluation of the credibility of witnesses and their testimonies are entitled to great respect and will not be disturbed on appeal, unless the trial court is shown to have overlooked, misapprehended, or misapplied any fact or circumstance of" weight and substance."67chanrobleslaw

The prosecution satisfactorily established the elements to prove that accused-appellant raped and sexually abused AAA, a 12-year-old minor with the cognitive ability of a nine-year-old. In People v. Dalipe:68chanrobleslaw

[A] young girl's revelation that she had been raped, coupled with her voluntary submission to medical examination and willingness to undergo public trial where she could be compelled to give out the details of an assault on her dignity, cannot be so easily dismissed as mere concoction.69

As pointed out by the Court of Appeals, several circumstances, which have been duly established from the evidence, point to the conclusion that accused-appellant is responsible for the crimes charged against him.

On the two (2) charges of rape and one (1) charge of child abuse, AAA clearly and consistently communicated how accused-appellant forced or intimidated her into having sexual congress with him.70 He put his penis in her mouth (rape through sexual assault) and inserted his penis into her vagina (rape through carnal knowledge).71 He mashed her breasts and kissed her on the lips and on her vagina (child abuse through acts of lasciviousness).72chanrobleslaw

The lacerations sustained by AAA in her vagina, which, as Dr. Joseph Palermo testified, could have been caused by a penetration, show that carnal knowledge happened.73 Lacerations, whether fresh or healed, are the best physical evidence of rape.74chanrobleslaw

As to the circumstances qualifying rape, the prosecution established that the victim is under 18 years old and that the offender is her guardian.75 Dr. Elma Tolentino's testimony and AAA's dental record prove AAA's minority.76 AAA's cousin, BBB, also confirmed this on the basis of the birth certificate that BBB obtained from their grandmother,77 which the defense never refuted.78 AAA is accused-appellant's foster daughter. She, her mother (accused-appellant's former live-in partner), and accused-appellant resided in his house. After AAA's mother passed away, accused-appellant took AAA in his custody. Soon, accused-appellant took AAA's aunt, CCC, as his common-law spouse. They all lived together.

The prosecution also established that accused-appellant knew that AAA was intellectually challenged at the time of the offense. BBB testified that accused-appellant knew that AAA was intellectually challenged "even before the incident."79 Accused-appellant himself admitted that he considered AAA his "adopted daughter."80 Thus, he would have known of her condition.

In addition, the Sexual Crime Protocol and Dr. Joseph Palermo's testimony show AAA's mental age to be nine (9) years old. This makes the victim less than 12 years old, in light of our ruling in Quintos. The act is, therefore, classified as statutory rape under Article 266-A(l)(d) of the Revised Penal Code.

The Regional Trial Court and the Court of Appeals correctly found that the victim's testimony is credible. Given her cognitive "immaturity and lowly intelligence," she "could not have concocted a tale of pure fantasy out of a mere imagination."81 AAA likewise spontaneously cried during direct examination, a tell-tale sign of her credibility.82chanrobleslaw

As against these details and testimonies, all that accused-appellant offered in defense were denials and alibis, defenses which jurisprudence has long considered weak and unreliable.83chanrobleslaw

The Regional Trial Court properly found, as affirmed by the Court of Appeals,84 that the testimonies of AAA, BBB, and the medico-legal officer of the Philippine National Police, among others, were consistent with each other and with the physical evidence.85 There was no showing that the witnesses for the prosecution had ill motives to testify against accused-appellant. Their testimonies are, therefore, accorded full faith and credence.86chanrobleslaw

In sum, the Regional Trial Court and the Court of Appeals did not err in finding accused-appellant guilty beyond reasonable doubt of two (2) counts of qualified rape and one (1) count of child abuse.

The Regional Trial Court,87 as affirmed by the Court of Appeals,88 imposed an indeterminate penalty of six (6) years and one (1) day of prision mayor as minimum to 17 years and 10 months of reclusion temporal89 We modify this penalty for the second charge (rape through sexual assault) under Article 266-A(2) of the Revised Penal Code.

Article 266-B(10) of the Revised Penal Code states that the penalty of reclusion temporal shall be imposed if the rape through sexual assault is committed with any of the 10 aggravating/qualifying circumstances listed in paragraph 6.

In this case, the aggravating/qualifying circumstances of relationship and minority (Article 266-B(6)(1)) and the offender's knowledge of the victim's intellectual disability (Article 266-B(6)(10)) are present. The rape was committed by a guardian or the common-law spouse of AAA's mother against the offended party's foster child, whom he knew had the cognitive ability of a nine-year-old.

In view of the aggravating circumstances present, the penalty prescribed by the Revised Penal Code (i.e. reclusion temporal) under Article 266-B(10) shall be in its maximum period.90 Therefore, we impose the indeterminate sentence of 12 years of prision mayor as minimum and 20 years of reclusion temporal as maximum.

Between rape of a minor under the Revised Penal Code and that under Republic Act No. 7610, the higher penalty must be applied for the minor victim's benefit. This Court has held that imposing a lower penalty for the offender "is undeniably unfair to the child victim."91 Thus, in People v. Chingh92 and People v. Ricalde,93 this Court meted the higher penalty stated in Republic Act No. 761094 (i.e. reclusion temporal in its medium period) instead of the lower penalty stated in the Revised Penal Code (i.e. prision mayor).

In this case, there is no need to apply the penalty under Republic Act No. 7610. The penalty for the crime of rape, being qualified pursuant to Article 266-B(6)(1) and (10) of the Revised Penal Code, is already for the minor victim's benefit.

Unlike in Chingh and Ricalde, this case has aggravating circumstances. Applying these aggravating circumstances qualifies the rape and allows for a higher penalty of reclusion temporal in its maximum period, instead of simply reclusion temporal in the medium period under Republic Act No. 7610.

In People v. Bonaagua:95chanrobleslaw

It must be clarified . . . that the reasoning expounded by the Court in the recent case of People v. Armando Chingh y Parcia, for imposing upon the accused the higher penalty provided in Section 5 (b), Article III of R.A. No. 7610, has no application in the case at bar.
....
In the present case, the factual milieu was different since the offender, Ireno [Bonaagua], is the father of the minor victim. Hence, the offenses were committed with the aggravating/qualifying circumstances of minority and relationship, attendant circumstances which were not present in the Chingh case, which in turn, warrants the imposition of the higher penalty of reclusion temporal prescribed by Article 266-B of the R[evised] P[enal] C[ode]. Considering that the R[evised] P[enal] C[ode] already prescribes such penalty, the rationale of unfairness to the child victim that Chingh wanted to correct is absent. Hence, there is no more need to apply the penalty prescribed by R.A. No. 7610.96 (Emphasis supplied, citations omitted)

We also modify the penalty for the third charge (sexual violence against a minor through acts of lasciviousness) under Republic Act 7610. The Court of Appeals imposed the indeterminate penalty of 14 years and eight (8) months of reclusion temporal as minimum to 20 years of reclusion temporal.

Article III, Section 5(b) of Republic Act No. 7610 provides that "the penalty for lascivious conduct when the victim is under twelve (12) years of age shall be reclusion temporal in its medium period." The penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period is 14 years, eight (8) months, and one (1) day to 17 years and four (4) months.

Thus, we impose the indeterminate penalty of 14 years, eight (8) months, and one (1) day of reclusion temporal as minimum, to 17 years and four (4) months of reclusion temporal as maximum.

Further, in view of the depravity of the acts committed by accused-appellant against his nine-year-old foster daughter, we increase the amounts awarded to AAA, in accordance with jurisprudence:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryFor qualified rape through carnal knowledge, we modify the award of civil indemnity from P50,000.00 to P100,000.00; moral damages from P50,000.00 to P100,000.00; and exemplary damages from P25,000.00 to P100,000.00.97chanrobleslaw

For qualified rape through sexual assault, we modify the award of civil indemnity from P50,000.00 to PI00,000.00; moral damages from P50,000.00 to P100,000.00; and exemplary damages from P25,000.00 to P100,000.00.98chanrobleslaw

For acts of lasciviousness against AAA, we retain the award of civil indemnity and moral damages of P50,000.00, but increase the exemplary damages from P25,000.00 to P30,000.00.99chanrobleslaw

In addition, interest at the rate of 6% per annum shall be imposed on all damages awarded from the date of finality of this judgment until fully paid.100chanrobleslaw

WHEREFORE, this Court ADOPTS the findings of fact and conclusions of law of the Court of Appeals Decision dated August 24, 2012 in CA-G.R. CR.-H.C. No. 04052, with MODIFICATION as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
WHEREFORE, finding accused EDILBERTO PUSING y TAMOR @ EDWIN guilty beyond reasonable doubt, the Court hereby sentences him as follows:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
IN CRIM. CASE NO. 127823 for QUALIFIED RAPE (through carnal knowledge) - the penalty of Reclusion Perpetua without eligibility for parole; and to pay AAA the amount of P100,000.00 as civil indemnity; P100,000.00 for moral damages, and P200,000.00 for exemplary damages;

IN CRIM. CASE NO. 127824 for QUALIFIED RAPE (through sexual assault) - the indeterminate penalty of twelve (12) years of Prision Mayor as minimum, to twenty (20) years of Reclusion Temporal, as maximum, and to pay the amount of P100,000.00 as civil indemnity; P100,000.00 for moral damages and P100,000.00 for exemplary damages;

IN CRIM. CASE NO. 127826 for CHILD ABUSE - the indeterminate penalty of Fourteen (14) years, Eight (8) months and one (1) day of Reclusion Temporal as minimum, to Seventeen (17) years and Four (4) months of Reclusion Temporal as maximum, and to pay the amount of P50,000.00 as civil indemnity; P50,000.00 for moral damages, and P30,000.00 for exemplary damages.
All awards for damages shall earn interest at the legal rate of 6% per annum from the date of finality of this judgment until fully paid.101chanrobleslaw

Meanwhile, accused is ACQUITTED of the crime charged in Crim. Case No. 127825-H for insufficiency of evidence.

SO ORDERED.
SO ORDERED.chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Carpio, (Chairperson), Brion, and  Del Castillo, JJ., concur.
Mendoza, J., on official leave.

Endnotes:


1People v. Fernandez, 403 Phil. 803, 816 (2001) [Per C.J. Davide, En Banc].

2Rollo, p. 7, Court of Appeals Decision.

3 Id. at 6.

4 Id.

5 Id.

7 CA rollo, p. 104, Regional Trial Court Decision.

8Rollo, p. 6.

9 CA rollo, p. 103.

10Rollo, p. 6.

11 Id.

12 CA rollo, p. 130, Brief for the Appellee. Prosecution identifies the neighbor as a certain Marie.

13Rollo, p. 6.

14 Id.

15 CA rollo, p. 37.

16 Id. at 131.

17 Id.

18 CCC alleges that the victim was 14 years old at the time he discovered the abuse (CA rollo, p. 98). The same age (14 years old) shows up as the victim's estimate age based on her dental examination (CA rollo, p. 107). However, based on the Sexual Crime Protocol by Dr. Joseph Palermo, the victim's estimated age is 12 years old, with a cognitive capacity of a child in Grade 2 (CA rollo, p. 146) or nine years old (CA rollo, pp. 95-96). Thus, the Informations state her biological age as 12, and her mental age as 9.

19 Id. at 95-96.

20 REV. PEN. CODE, art. 266-A provides:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryArticle 266-A. Rape: When And How Committed. - Rape is committed:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary1) By a man who shall have carnal knowledge of a woman under any of the following circumstances:
....
d) When the offended party is under twelve (12) years of age or is demented, even though none of the circumstances mentioned above be present.

21 REV. PEN. CODE, art. 266-B provides:
Article 266-B. Penalty. - Rape under paragraph 1 of the next preceding article shall be punished by reclusion perpetua.
....
The death penalty shall also be imposed if the crime of rape is committed with any of the following aggravating/qualifying circumstances:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary10) When the offender knew of the mental disability, emotional disorder and/or physical handicap of the offended party at the time of the commission of the crime.

22Rollo, pp. 3-4.

23 Article 266-A. Rape: When And How Committed. - Rape is committed:
.....
2) By any person who, under any of the circumstances mentioned in paragraph 1 hereof, shall commit an act of sexual assault by inserting his penis into another person's mouth or anal orifice, or any instrument or object, into the genital or anal orifice of another person.

24 Article 266-B. Penalty. - Rape under paragraph 1 of the next preceding article shall be punished by reclusion perpetua.
....
The death penalty shall also be imposed if the crime of rape is committed with any of the following aggravating/qualifying circumstances:
.....
10) When the offender knew of the mental disability, emotional disorder and/or physical handicap of the offended party at the time of the commission of the crime.
.....
Reclusion temporal shall be imposed if the rape is committed by any of the ten aggravating/ qualifying circumstances mentioned in this article.

25cralawred Rollo, p. 4.

26 Rep. Act No.  7610 (1992),  Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act, sec. 5 provides:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrarySection 5. Child Prostitution and Other Sexual Abuse. - Children, whether male or female, who for money, profit, or any other consideration or due to the coercion or influence of any adult, syndicate or group, indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct, are deemed to be children exploited in prostitution and other sexual abuse.

The penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period to reclusion perpetua shall be imposed upon the following:
.....
(b) Those who commit the act of sexual intercourse of lascivious conduct with a child exploited in prostitution or subject to other sexual abuse; Provided, That when the victims is under twelve (12) years of age, the perpetrators shall be prosecuted under Article 335, paragraph 3, for rape and Article 336 of Act No. 3815, as amended, the Revised Penal Code, for rape or lascivious conduct, as the case may be: Provided, That the penalty for lascivious conduct when the victim is under twelve (12) years of age shall be reclusion temporal in its medium period[.]

27Rollo, p. 4.

28 CA rollo, p. 91.

29 Id. at 98.

30 Id.

31 Id.

32 Id. at 107.

33 Id. at 98.

34 Id. at 103.

35 Id. at 101-105.

36 Id. at 99.

37 Id. at 130.

38 Id. at 146.

39Rollo, p. 14.

40 CA rollo,p.98.

41  Id. at 107.

42Rollo, p. 12.

43 CA rollo, p. 146.

44Rollo, pp. 6-7.

45 CA rollo, p. 99.

46 Id. at 69, Brief for the Accused-Appellant.

47 Id. at 99.

48 Id.

49 Id.

50 Id.

51 Id.

52 Id. at 95-110. The case is docketed as Criminal Case Nos. 127823-26-H. The Decision was penned by Judge Lorifel L. Pahimna of Branch 69 of the Regional Trial Court, Pasig City, Stationed in Taguig City.

53 Id. at 110.

54Rollo, pp. 2-20. The Decision was penned by Associate Justice Jane Aurora C. Lantion and concurred in by Associate Justices Ramon M. Bato, Jr. and Eduardo B. Peralta, Jr. of the Special Twelfth Division, Court of Appeals, Manila.

55 Id. at 19.

56 Id. at 21.

57 Id. at 35-37.

58 Id. at 31-34.

59 CA rollo, p. 110.

60 GR. No. 199402, November 12, 2014, 740 SCRA 179 [Per J. Leonen, Second Division].

61 Id. at 202.

62 See REV. PEN. CODE, art. 266-B(6), which provides: "The death penalty shall be imposed if the crime of rape is committed with any of the following aggravating/qualifying circumstances[.]"

63 Article 335(3), was repealed by Rep. Act No. 8353 (1997), Anti-Rape Law of 1997. It is now Article 266-A(l)(d). See REV. PEN. CODE, art. 336, which provides:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryArt. 336. Acts of lasciviousness.- Any person who shall commit any act of lasciviousness upon other persons of either sex, under any of the circumstances mentioned in the preceding article, shall be punished by prision correctional.

64 See Garingarao v. People, 669 Phil. 512, 523 (2011) [Per J. Carpio, Second Division]; See also People v. Chingh, 661 Phil. 208, 222 (2011) [Per J. Peralta, Second Division].

65People v. Fernandez, 403 Phil. 803, 816-817 (2001) [Per C.J. Davide, En Banc].

66 Id. at 816.

67People v. De Jesus, 695 Phil. 114, 122 (2012) [Per J. Brion, Second Division].

68 633 Phil. 428 (2010) [Per J. Mendoza, Third Division].

69 Id. at 448.

70Rollo, p. 9.

71 Id.

72 Id.

73 Id. at 12.

74People v. Brondial, 397 Phil. 663, 688 (2000) [Per Curiam, En Banc].

75Rollo, pp. 10-12.

76 Id. at 15.

77 CA rollo, p. 145.

78Rollo, p. 16.

79 Id. at 14.

80 Id. at 6.

81People v. Itdang, 397 Phil. 692-706, 701 (2000) [Per J. Melo, Third Division].

82People v. Mitra, 385 Phil. 515, 533 (2000) [Per J. Puno, First Division].

83People v. Liwanag, et al, 415 Phil. 271,295 (2001) [Per J. Ynares-Santiago, First Division].

84Rollo, pp. 7-19.

85 CA rollo, pp. 107-109.

86People v. Guzman, 107 Phil. 1122, 1125-1126 (1960) [Per J. Gutierrez David, En Banc].

87Rollo, p. 49 Id, at 19.

89 Id.

90 Rev. Pen. Code, art. 64(6) provides:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryArticle 64. Rules for the application of penalties which contain three periods. -
....
6. Whatever may be the number and nature of the aggravating circumstances, the courts shall not impose a greater penalty than that prescribed by law, in its maximum period.

91People v. Chingh, 661 Phil. 208, 222 (2011) [Per J. Peralta, Second Division].

92 661 Phil. 208 (2011) [Per J. Peralta, Second Division].

93 G.R. No. 211002, January 21, 2015, 747 SCRA 542 [Per J. Leonen, Second Division].

94 Rep. Act No. 7610, art. 3, sec. 5(b).

95 665 Phil. 750 (2011) [Per J. Peralta, Second Division].

96 Id. at 770-772.

97People v. Jugueta, G.R. No. 202124, April 5, 2016 < http://sc.judiciary.gov.ph/pdf/web/viewer.html?file=/jurisprudence/2016/april2016/202124.pdf > 29-30 [Per J. Peralta, En Banc].

98People v. Quintos, G.R. No. 199402, November 12, 2014, 740 SCRA 179, 207 [Per J. Leonen, Second Division].

99 People v. Padigos, 700 Phil. 368, 381 (2012) [Per J. Leonardo-De Castro, First Division].

100 People v. Buclao, G.R. No. 208173, June 11, 2014, 726 SCRA 365, 382 [Per J. Leonen, Third Division].

101 See Ricalde v. People, G.R. No. 211002, January 21, 2015, 747 SCRA 542, 551 [Per J. Leonen, Second Division].



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July-2016 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 210878, July 07, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JONALYN ABENES Y PASCUA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 202015, July 13, 2016 - ANTONIO VALEROSO AND ALLAN LEGATONA, Petitioners, v. SKYCABLE CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204620, July 11, 2016 - ROWENA A. SANTOS, Petitioner, v. INTEGRATED PHARMACEUTICAL, INC. AND KATHERYN TANTIANSU, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 204750, July 11, 2016 - SUSAN D. CAPILI, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205753, July 04, 2016 - ROSA PAMARAN, SUBSTITUTED BY HER HEIRS, THROUGH THEIR REPRESENTATIVE, ROSEMARY P. BERNABE, Petitioners, v. BANK OF COMMERCE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200042, July 07, 2016 - FELIZARDO T. GUNTALILIB, Petitioner, v. AURELIO Y. DELA CRUZ AND SALOME V. DELA CRUZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 220598, July 19, 2016 - GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE SANDIGANBAYAN (FIRST DIVISION), Respondents.; G.R. No. 220953 - BENIGNO B. AGUAS, Petitioner, v. SANDIGANBAYAN (FIRST DIVISION), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205951, July 04, 2016 - UNION BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE RABBIT BUS LINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213660, July 05, 2016 - DR. WENIFREDO T. OŅATE, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-14-3213 [Formerly A.M. No. 12-5-91-RTC], July 12, 2016 - ACCREDITED LOCAL PUBLISHERS: THE WEEKLY ILOCANDIA INQUIRER, THE NORLUZONIAN COURIER, THE AMIANAN TRIBUNE, THE WEEKLY CITY BULLETIN, THE NORTHERN STAR, THE WEEKLY BANAT, THE NORTH LUZON HEADLINE, THE REGIONAL DIARYO, AND HIGH PLAINS JOURNAL ILOCANDIA, Complainants, v. SAMUEL L. DEL ROSARIO, CLERK III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 33, BAUANG, LA UNION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 193584, July 12, 2016 - HAMBRE J. MOHAMMAD, Petitioner, v. GRACE BELGADO-SAQUETON, IN HER CAPACITY AS DIRECTOR IV, CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, REGIONAL OFFICE NO. XVI, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212206, July 04, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GABBY CONCEPCION Y NIMENDA AND TOTO MORALES, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 213847, July 12, 2016 - JUAN PONCE ENRILE, Petitioner, v. SANDIGANBAYAN (THIRD DIVISION), AND PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213568, July 05, 2016 - ALICIA P. LOGARTA, Petitioner, v. CATALINO M. MANGAHIS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 209264, July 05, 2016 - DAMASO T. AMBRAY AND CEFERINO T. AMBRAY, JR., Petitioners, v. SYLVIA A. TSOUROUS, CARMENCITA AMBRAY-LAUREL, HEDY AMBRAY-AZORES, VIVIEN AMBRAY-YATCO, NANCY AMBRAY-ESCUDERO, MARISTELA AMBRAY-ILAGAN, ELIZABETH AMBRAY-SORIANO, MA. LUISA FE AMBRAY-ARCILLA, AND CRISTINA AMBRAY-LABIT, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208353, July 04, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. STEVE SIATON Y BATE, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 212337, July 04, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. BELTRAN FUENTES, JR. Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 220978, July 05, 2016 - CENTURY PROPERTIES, INC., Petitioner, v. EDWIN J. BABIANO AND EMMA B. CONCEPCION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 203179, July 04, 2016 - TECHNO DEVELOPMENT & CHEMICAL CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. VIKING METAL INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205728, July 05, 2016 - THE DIOCESE OF BACOLOD, REPRESENTED BY THE MOST REV. BISHOP VICENTE M. NAVARRA AND THE BISHOP HIMSELF IN HIS PERSONAL CAPACITY, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND THE ELECTION OFFICER OF BACOLOD CITY, ATTY. MAVIL V. MAJARUCON., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 204693, July 13, 2016 - GUAGUA NATIONAL COLLEGES, Petitioner, v. GUAGUA NATIONAL COLLEGES FACULTY LABOR UNION AND GUAGUA NATIONAL COLLEGES NON-TEACHING AND MAINTENANCE LABOR UNION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213279, July 11, 2016 - C.F. SHARP CREW MANAGEMENT, INC., BLUE OCEAN SHIP MANAGEMENT, LTD., AND/OR WILLIAM S. MALALUAN, Petitioners, v. WILLIAM C. ALIVIO, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-16-1869, July 27, 2016 - MARIE CHRISTINE D. BANCIL, Complainant, v. HONORABLE RONALDO B. REYES, PRESIDING JUDGE OF METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT OF SAN JUAN CITY, BRANCH 58, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220449, July 04, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RUSGIE GARRUCHO Y SERRANO, Appellant.

  • A.C. No. 10631, July 27, 2016 - ERNESTO B. BALBURIAS, Complainant, v. ATTY. AMOR MIA J. FRANCISCO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208264, July 27, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Petitioner, v. RICO C. MANALASTAS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206649, July 20, 2016 - FOREST HELLS GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, INC., REPRESENTED BY RAINIER L. MADRID, IN A DERIVATIVE CAPACITY AS SHAREHOLDER AND CLUB MEMBER, Petitioner, v. FIL-ESTATE PROPERTIES, INC., AND FIL-ESTATE GOLF DEVELOPMENT, INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 203657, July 11, 2016 - AILEEN ANGELA S. ALFORNON, Petitioner, v. RODULFO DELOS SANTOS AND EDSEL A. GALEOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 206690, July 11, 2016 - BARRIO FIESTA RESTAURANT, LIBERTY ILAGAN, SUNSHINE ONGPAUCO-IKEDA AND MARICO CRISTOBAL, Petitioners, v. HELEN C. BERONIA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189878, July 11, 2016 - WILSON FENIX, REZ CORTEZ AND ANGELITO SANTIAGO, Petitioners, v. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS AND THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 181375, July 13, 2016 - PHIL-NIPPON KYOEI, CORP., Petitioner, v. ROSALIA T. GUDELOSAO, ON HER BEHALF AND IN BEHALF OF MINOR CHILDREN CHRISTY MAE T. GUDELOSAO AND ROSE ELDEN T. GUDELOSAO, CARMEN TANCONTIAN, ON HER BEHALF AND IN BEHALF OF THE CHILDREN CAMELA B. TANCONTIAN, BEVERLY B. TANCONTIAN, AND ACE B. TANCONTIAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208086, July 27, 2016 - FLORENCIO MORALES, JR., Petitioner, v. OMBUDSMAN CONCHITA CARPIO-MORALES, ATTY. AGNES VST DEVANADERA, ATTY. MIGUEL NOEL T. OCAMPO, ATTY. JOYCE MARTINEZ-BARUT, ATTY. ALLAN S. HILBERO, AND ATTY. EDIZER J. RESURRECION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215192, July 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. BERNABE M. BARTOLINI, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 204873, July 27, 2016 - ESTHER PASCUAL, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204899, July 27, 2016 - HEIRS OF BABAI GUIAMBANGAN, NAMELY, KALIPA B. GUIAMBANGAN, SAYA GUIAMBANGAN DARUS, NENENG P. GUIAMBANGAN, AND EDGAR P. GUIAMBANGAN, Petitioners, v. MUNICIPALITY OF KALAMANSIG, SULTAN KUDARAT, REPRESENTED BY ITS MAYOR ROLANDO P. GARCIA, MEMBERS OF ITS SANGGUNIANG BAYAN, AND ITS MUNICIPAL TREASURER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 205010, July 18, 2016 - PETRON GASUL LPG DEALERS ASSOCIATION AND TOTALGAZ LPG DEALERS ASSOCIATION, Petitioners, v. ELENA LAO, IMELDA LAO, POMPIDOU GOLANGCO, JEREMY WILSON GOLANGCO, CARMEN CASTILLO, AND/OR OCCUPANTS OF BAGUIO GAS CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180060, July 13, 2016 - SPOUSES AUGUSTO AND NORA NAVARRO, Petitioners, v. RURAL BANK OF TARLAC, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194121, July 11, 2016 - TORRES-MADRID BROKERAGE, INC., Petitioner, v. FEB MITSUI MARINE INSURANCE CO., INC. AND BENJAMIN P. MANALASTAS, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME OF BMT TRUCKING SERVICES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 200352, July 20, 2016 - MARY JUNE CELIZ, Petitioner, v. CORD CHEMICALS, INC., LEONOR G. SANZ, AND MARIAN ONTANGCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 210715, July 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RUSTICO YGOT Y REPUELA, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 221636, July 11, 2016 - LAND BANK PHILIPPINES, OF THE Petitioner, v. THE COURT OF APPEALS AND HEIRS OF MANUEL BOLAŅOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189312, July 28, 2016 - FE B. SAGUINSIN, Petitioner, v. AGAPITO LIBAN, CESARIO LIBAN, EDDIE TANGUILAN, PACENCIA MACANANG, ISIDRO NATIVIDAD, TIMMY SIBBALUCA AND ISIDRO SIBBALUCA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201436, July 11, 2016 - SPOUSES MAMERTO AND ADELIA* TIMADO, Petitioners, v. RURAL BANK OF SAN JOSE, INC., TEDDY MONASTERIO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS ITS PRESIDENT/MANAGER, AND ATTY. AVELINO SALES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198925, July 13, 2016 - SPOUSES ARCHIBAL LATOJA AND CHARITO LATOJA, Petitioners, v. HONORABLE ELVIE LIM, PRESIDING JUDGE, BRANCH 1, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BORONGAN, EASTERN SAMAR, ATTY. JESUS APELADO, REGISTER OF DEEDS, BORONGAN, EASTERN SAMAR, ALVARO CAPITO, AS SHERIFF, BRANCH 2, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BORONGAN, EASTERN SAMAR, AND TERESITA CABE, REPRESENTED BY ADELINA ZAMORA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195641, July 11, 2016 - TARCISIO S. CALILUNG, Petitioner, v. PARAMOUNT INSURANCE CORPORATION, RP TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC., RENATO L. PUNZALAN AND JOSE MANALO, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212346, July 07, 2016 - RICHARD V. FUNK, Petitioner, v. SANTOS VENTURA HOCORMA FOUNDATION, INC., FEDERICO O. ESCALER, JOSE M. ZARAGOZA, DOMINGO L. MAPA, ERNESTO C. PEREZ AND ARISTON ESTRADA, SR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195147, July 11, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondent.

  • G. R. No. 188283, July 20, 2016 - CATHAY PACIFIC AIRWAYS, LTD., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ARNULFO AND EVELYN FUENTEBELLA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219627, July 04, 2016 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES POWER CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 187400, July 13, 2016 - FELICISIMO FERNANDEZ, SPOUSES DANILO AND GENEROSA VITUG- LIGON, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES ISAAC AND CONCEPCION RONULO Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 11078, July 19, 2016 - VERLITA V. MERCULLO AND RAYMOND VEDANO, Complainants, v. ATTY. MARIE FRANCES E. RAMON, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211028, July 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JONATHAN ARCILLO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 191442, July 27, 2016 - THE MUNICIPALITY OF ALFONSO LISTA, IFUGAO, REPRESENTED BY CHARLES L. CATTILING, IN HIS CAPACITY AS MUNICIPAL MAYOR AND ESTRELLA S. ALIGUYON, IN HER CAPACITY AS MUNICIPAL TREASURER, Petitioner, v. THE COURT OF APPEALS, SPECIAL FORMER SIXTH DIVISION AND SN ABOITIZ POWER-MAGAT, INC.., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 206927, July 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DARIUS RENIEDO Y CAUILAN, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 204267, July 25, 2016 - LUZ S. ALMEDA, Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN (MINDANAO) AND THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. Nos. 205963-64, July 07, 2016 - AMANDO A. INOCENTES, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, HON. ROLAND B. JURADO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS CHAIRPERSON, SANDIGANBAYAN, FIFTH DIVISION, HON. CONCHITA CARPIO MORALES, IN HER CAPACITY AS OMBUDSMAN, AS COMPLAINANT; AND HON. FRANCIS H. JARDELEZA, OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR GENERAL (OSG), IN ITS CAPACITY AS COUNSEL FOR THE PEOPLE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 205839, July 07, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. NARCISO L. KHO, Respondent.; G.R. No. 205840 - MA. LORENA FLORES AND ALEXANDER CRUZ, Petitioners, v. NARCISO L. KHO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206888, July 04, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. MARITESS CAYAS Y CALITIS @ "TETET", Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 204222, July 04, 2016 - NEPTUNE METAL SCRAP RECYCLING, INC., Petitioner, v. MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY AND THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 191492, July 04, 2016 - PATRICIA SIBAYAN REPRESENTED BY TEODICIO SIBAYAN, Petitioner, v. EMILIO COSTALES, SUSANA ISIDRO, RODOLFO ISIDRO, ANNO ISIDRO AND ROBERTO CERANE., Respondents.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-14-2369 [Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 12-3907-RTJ], July 26, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, REPRESENTED BY SECRETARY LEILA M. DE LIMA, Petitioner, v. JUDGE ROLANDO G. MISLANG, PRESIDING JUDGE, BRANCH 167, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, PASIG CITY, RESPONDENT.; A.M. No. RTJ-14-2372 [FORMERLY OCA I.P.I. No. 11-3736-RTJ] - HOME DEVELOPMENT MUTUAL FUND (HDMF), REPRESENTED BY ATTY. JOSE ROBERTO F. PO, Petitioner, v. JUDGE ROLANDO G. MISLANG, PRESIDING JUDGE, BRANCH 167, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, PASIG CITY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210192, July 04, 2016 - ROSALINDA S. KHITRI AND FERNANDO S. KHITRI, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.M. OCA IPI No. 12-204-CA-J, July 26, 2016 - RE: VERIFIED COMPLAINT FOR DISBARMENT OF AMA LAND, INC. (REPRESENTED BY JOSEPH B. USITA) AGAINST COURT OF APPEALS ASSOCIATE JUSTICES HON. DANTON Q. BUESER, HON. SESINANDO E. VILLON AND HON. RICARDO G. ROSARIO.

  • G.R. No. 200537, July 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RODRIGO QUITOLAY BALMONTE, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 183934, July 20, 2016 - ERNESTO GALANG AND MA. OLGA JASMIN CHAN, Petitioners, v. BOIE TAKEDA CHEMICALS, INC. AND/OR KAZUHIKO NOMURA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 183645, July 20, 2016 - HEIRS OF GAMALIEL ALBANO, REPRESENTED BY ALEXANDER ALBANO AND ALL OTHER PERSON LIVING WITH THEM IN THE SUBJECT PREMISES, Petitioners, v. SPS. MENA C. RAVANES AND ROBERTO RA VANES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212426, July 26, 2016 - RENE A.V. SAGUISAG, WIGBERTO E. TAŅADA, FRANCISCO "DODONG" NEMENZO, JR., SR. MARY JOHN MANANZAN, PACIFICO A. AGABIN, ESTEBAN "STEVE" SALONGA, H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR., EVALYN G. URSUA, EDRE U. OLALIA, DR. CAROL PAGADUAN-ARAULLO, DR. ROLAND SIMBULAN, AND TEDDY CASIŅO, Petitioners, v. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PAQUITO N. OCHOA, JR., DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE SECRETARY VOLTAIRE GAZMIN, DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECRETARY ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, JR., DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT SECRETARY FLORENCIO ABAD, AND ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL EMMANUEL T. BAUTISTA, Respondents.; G.R. No. 212444 - BAGONG ALYANSANG MAKABAYAN (BAYAN), REPRESENTED BY ITS SECRETARY GENERAL RENATO M. REYES, JR., BAYAN MUNA PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVES NERI J. COLMENARES, AND CARLOS ZARATE, GABRIELA WOMEN'S PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVES LUZ ILAGAN AND EMERENCIANA DE JESUS, ACT TEACHERS PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE ANTONIO L. TINIO, ANAKPAWIS PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE FERNANDO HICAP, KABATAAN PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE TERRY RIDON, MAKABAYANG KOALISYON NG MAMAMAYAN (MAKABAYAN), REPRESENTED BY SATURNINO OCAMPO, AND LIZA MAZA, BIENVENIDO LUMBERA, JOEL C. LAMANGAN, RAFAEL MARIANO, SALVADOR FRANCE, ROGELIO M. SOLUTA, AND CLEMENTE G. BAUTISTA, Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE (DND) SECRETARY VOLTAIRE GAZMIN, DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECRETARY ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PAQUITO N. OCHOA, JR., ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL EMMANUEL T. BAUTISTA, DEFENSE UNDERSECRETARY PIO LORENZO BATINO, AMBASSADOR LOURDES YPARRAGUIRRE, AMBASSADOR J. EDUARDO MALAYA, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE UNDERSECRETARY FRANCISCO BARAAN III, AND DND ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR STRATEGIC ASSESSMENTS RAYMUND JOSE QUILOP AS CHAIRPERSON AND MEMBERS, RESPECTIVELY, OF THE NEGOTIATING PANEL FOR THE PHILIPPINES ON EDCA, Respondents.; KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON, ELMER LABOG, CONFEDERATION FOR UNITY, RECOGNITION AND ADVANCEMENT OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES (COURAGE), REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT FERDINAND GAITE, NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNIONS-KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT JOSELITO USTAREZ, NENITA GONZAGA, VIOLETA ESPIRITU, VIRGINIA FLORES, AND ARMANDO TEODORO, JR., Petitioners-In-Intervention,; RENE A.Q. SAGUISAG, JR., Petitioner-In-Intervention.

  • G.R. No. 208527, July 20, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ARDO BACERO Y CASABON, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 190408, July 20, 2016 - BENJIE B. GEORG REPRESENTED BY BENJAMIN C. BELARMINO, JR., Petitioner, v. HOLY TRINITY COLLEGE, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215764, July 13, 2016 - RICHARD K. TOM, Petitioner, v. SAMUEL N. RODRIGUEZ, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10944, July 12, 2016 - NORMA M. GUTIERREZ, Complainant, v. ATTY. ELEANOR A. MARAVILLA-ONA. Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204605, July 19, 2016 - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ASSOCIATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. HON. PAQUITO OCHOA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, HON. ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, AND HON. RICARDO BLANCAFLOR, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 11316, July 12, 2016 - PATRICK A. CARONAN, Complainant, v. RICHARD A. CARONAN A.K.A. "ATTY. PATRICK A. CARONAN," Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206054, July 25, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. MINNIE TUMULAK Y CUENCA, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206906, July 25, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. FLORDILINA RAMOS, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217999, July 26, 2016 - TERESITA P. DE GUZMAN, IN HER CAPACITY AS FORMER GENERAL MANAGER; BERNADETTE B. VELASQUEZ, IN HER CAPACITY AS FINANCE MANAGER; ATTY. RODOLFO T. TABANGIN, ATTY. ANTONIO A. ESPIRITU, ATTY. MOISES P. CATING, IN THEIR CAPACITIES AS FORMER MEMBERS OF THE BAGNIO WATER DISTRICT (BWD) BOARD OF DIRECTORS; AND SONIA A. DAOAS AND ENGR. FELINO D. LAGMAN, IN THEIR CAPACITIES AS INCUMBENT MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, CENTRAL OFFICE, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON MICHAEL G. AGUINALDO, COMMISSIONER JUANITO G. ESPINO, JR., COMMISSIONER HEIDI MENDOZA, AND NILDA B. PLARAS, DIRECTOR IV, COMMISSION SECRETARY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213598, July 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MERCELITA1 ARENAS Y BONZO @ MERLY, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 208009, July 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDILBERTO PUSING Y TAMOR, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3471 (Formerly A.M. No. 15-06-197-RTC), July 26, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. JOHN REVEL B. PEDRIŅA, CLERK III, BRANCH 200, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, LAS PIŅAS CITY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199151-56, July 25, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. THE SANDIGANBAYAN, FIFTH DIVISION, LT. GEN. LEOPOLDO S. ACOT, B/GEN. ILDEFONSO N. DULINAYAN, LT. COL. SANTIAGO B. RAMIREZ, LT. COL. CESAR M. CARINO, MAJ. PROCESO T. SABADO, MAJ. PACQUITO L. CUENCA, 1LT. MARCELINO M. MORALES, M/SGT. ATULFO D. TAMPOLINO, REMEDIOS "REMY" DIAZ, JOSE GADIN, JR., GLENN ORQUIOLA, HERMINIGILDA LLAVE, GLORIA BAYONA AND RAMON BAYONA JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190158, July 20, 2016 - HEIRS OF LIBERATO CASTILLEJOS AND RURAL BANK OF AGOO, LA UNION, Petitioners, v. LA TONDEŅA INCORPORADA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208837, July 20, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DONNA RIVERA Y DUMO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 210801, July 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ALVIN CENIDO Y PICONES AND REMEDIOS CONTRERAS Y CRUZ, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 213529, July 13, 2016 - JANET LIM NAPOLES, Petitioner, v. HON. SECRETARY LEILA DE LIMA, PROSECUTOR GENERAL CLARO ARELLANO, AND SENIOR DEPUTY STATE PROSECUTOR THEODORE M. VILLANUEVA, IN THEIR CAPACITIES AS OFFICERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, HON. ELMO M. ALAMEDA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF MAKATI, BRANCH 150, NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (NBI), ARTURO F. LUY, GERTRUDES K. LUY, ANNABELLE LUY-REARIO, AND BENHUR K. LUY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215340, July 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GLORIA CAIZ Y TALVO, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 202514, July 25, 2016 - ANNA MARIE L. GUMABON, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192477, July 27, 2016 - MOMARCO IMPORT COMPANY, INC., Petitioner, v. FELICIDAD VILLAMENA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210606, July 27, 2016 - GRACE PARK* INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION AND WOODLINK REALTY CORPORATION, Petitioners, v. EASTWEST BANKING CORPORATION, SECURITY BANKING CORPORATION, ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY THE TRUSTEE AND ATTORNEY-IN-FACT OF EASTWEST BANKING CORPORATION TRUST DIVISION, EMMANUEL L. ORTEGA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, MALOLOS CITY, BULACAN, EDRIC C. ESTRADA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SHERIFF IV OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, MALOLOS CITY, BULACAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 172682, July 27, 2016 - SULPICIO LINES, INC., Petitioner, v. NAPOLEON SESANTE, NOW SUBSTITUTED BY MARIBEL ATILANO, KRISTEN MARIE, CHRISTIAN IONE, KENNETH KERRN AND KARISNA KATE, ALL SURNAMED SESANTE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199180, July 27, 2016 - THELMA RODRIGUEZ, JOINED BY HER HUSBAND, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES JAIME SIOSON AND ARMI SIOSON, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 181335, July 27, 2016 - MARIO SALUTA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 5951, July 12, 2016 - JUTTA KRURSEL, Complainant, v. ATTY. LORENZA A. ABION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 218665, July 20, 2016 - JULIUS BAUTTSTA, ARSENIO LARANANG, REYNALDO BALDEMOR, MANAYAN, NORMA FLORES, CONSUELO ESTIGOY, CARMELITA VALMONTE, SIMEON MARTIN, MAGDALENA GADIAN, JOSE GINNO DELA MERCED, JOVEN SILAN, JR., JULIO DIAZ, GIDEON ACOSTA, AND WENCESLA BAUTISTA, Petitioners, v. LT. COL. BENITO DONIEGO, JR., LT. COL. ALFREDO PATARATA, AND MAJOR GENERAL GREGORIO PIO CATAPANG, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9492, July 11, 2016 - PLUTARCO E. VAZQUEZ, Complainants, v. ATTY. DAVID LIM QUECO KHO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 6387 [Formerly CBD Case No. 11-3001], July 19, 2016 - GABINO V. TOLENTINO AND FLORDELIZA C. TOLENTINO, Complainants, v. ATTY. HENRY B. SO AND ATTY. FERDINAND L. ANCHETA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215723, July 27, 2016 - DOREEN GRACE PARILLA MEDINA, A.K.A. "DOREEN GRACE MEDINA KOIKE," Petitioner, v. MICHIYUKI KOIKE, THE LOCAL CIVIL REGISTRAR OF QUEZON CITY, METRO MANILA, AND THE ADMINISTRATOR AND CIVIL REGISTRAR GENERAL OF THE NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204494, July 27, 2016 - JO-ANN DIAZ-SALGADO AND HUSBAND DR. GERARD C. SALGADO, Petitioners, v. LUIS G. ANSON, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213601, July 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FRANKIE GERERO, ROLITO GERERO Y ARMIROL, CHRISTOPHER GERERO, ALFIE ESPINOSA Y MENDEZ AND RENATO BARTOLOME Y JAIME, ACCUSED, ROLITO GERERO Y ARMIROL, ALFIE ESPINOSA Y MENDEZ AND RENATO BARTOLOME Y JAIME, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 217381, July 20, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. VICENTE R. SALVADOR, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.C. No. 7072, July 27, 2016 - VIRGILIO D. MAGAWAY AND CESARIO M. MAGAWAY, Complainants, v. ATTY. MARIANO A. AVECILLA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212615, July 19, 2016 - LEODEGARIO A. LABAO, JR., Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND LUDOVICO L, MARTELINO, JR., Respondents.; G.R. NO. 212989 - SHARON GRACE MARTINEZ-MARTELINO, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND VICE MAYOR JOSE O. ALBA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 194763-64, July 20, 2016 - WILFRED GACUS YAMSON, ASSISTANT GENERAL MANAGER A, REY CAŅETE CHAVEZ, DEPARTMENT MANAGER C, ARNOLD DOMINGO NAVALES, DEPARTMENT MANAGER C, ROSINDO JAPAY ALMONTE, DIVISION MANAGER C, ALFONSO EDEN LAID, ASSISTANT GENERAL MANAGER A, AND WILLIAM V. GUILLEN, DEPARTMENT MANAGER C, (ALL OF) DAVAO CITY WATER DISTRICT, BAJADA, DAVAO CITY, Petitioners, v. DANILO C. CASTRO AND GEORGE F. INVENTOR, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 210710, July 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. LUISITO GABORNE Y CINCO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 209271, July 26, 2016 - INTERNATIONAL SERVICE FOR THE ACQUISITION OF AGRI-BIOTECH APPLICATIONS, INC., Petitioner, v. GREENPEACE SOUTHEAST ASIA (PHILIPPINES), MAGSASAKA AT SIYENTIPIKO SA PAGPAPAUNLAD NG AGRIKULTURA (MASIPAG), REP. TEODORO CASINO, DR. BEN MALAYANG III, DR. ANGELINA GALANG, LEONARDO AVILA III, CATHERINE UNTALAN, ATTY, MARIA PAZ LUNA, JUANITO MODINA, DAGOHOY MAGAWAY, DR. ROMEO QUIJANO, DR. WENCESLAO KIAT, JR., ATTY. H. HARRY ROQUE, JR., FORMER SEN. ORLANDO MERCADO, NOEL CABANGON, MAYOR EDWARD S. HAGEDORN, AND EDWIN MARTHINE LOPEZ, RESPONDENTS. CROP LIFE PHILIPPINES, INC., Petitioner-In-Intervention.; G.R. NO. 209276 - ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY AND THE FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE AUTHORITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Petitioners, v. COURT OF APPEALS, GREENPEACE SOUTHEAST ASIA (PHILIPPINES), MAGSASAKA AT SIYENTIPIKO SA PAGPAPAUNLAD NG AGRIKULTURA (MASIPAG), REP. TEODORO CASINO, DR. BEN MALAYANG III, DR, ANGELINA GALANG, LEONARDO AVILA HI, CATHERINE UNTALAN, ATTY. MARIA PAZ LUNA, JUANITO MODINA, DAGOHOY MAGAWAY, DR. ROMEO QUIJANO, DR. WENCESLAO KIAT, JR., ATTY. H. HARRY ROQUE, JR., FORMER SEN. ORLANDO MERCADO, NOEL CABANGON, MAYOR EDWARD S. HAGEDORN, AND EDWIN MARTHINE LOPEZ, RESPONDENTS. CROP LIFE PHILIPPINES, INC., Petitioner-In-Intervention.; G.R. NO. 209301 - UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES LOS BAŅOS FOUNDATION, INC.,. Petitioner, v. GREENPEACE SOUTHEAST ASIA (PHILIPPINES) MAGSASAKA AT SIYENTIPIKO SA PAGPAPAUNLAD NG AGRIKULTURA (MASIPAG), REP. TEODORO CASINO, DR. BEN MALAYANG III, DR. ANGELINA GALANG, LEONARDO AVILA III, CATHERINE UNTALAN, ATTY. MARIA PAZ LUNA, JUANITO MODINA, DAGOHOY MAGAWAY, DR. ROMEO QUIJANO, DR. WENCESLAO KIAT, JR., ATTY. H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR., FORMER SEN. ORLANDO MERCADO, NOEL CABANGON, MAYOR EDWARD S. HAGEDORN, AND EDWIN MARTHINE LOPEZ, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 209430 - UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES LOS BAŅOS, Petitioner, v. GREENPEACE SOUTHEAST ASIA (PHILIPPINES), MAGSASAKA AT SIYENTIPIKO SA PAGPAPAUNLAD NG AGRIKULTURA (MASIPAG), REP. TEODORO CASINO, DR. BEN MALAYANG III, DR. ANGELINA GALANG, LEONARDO AVILA III, CATHERINE UNTALAN, ATTY. MARIA PAZ LUNA, JUANITO MODINA, DAGOROY MAGAWAY, DR. ROMEO QUIJANO, DR. WENCESLAO KIAT, JR., ATTY. H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR., FORMER SEN. ORLANDO MERCADO, NOEL CABANGON, MAYOR EDWARD S. HAGEDORN, AND PROMULGATED: EDWIN MARTHINE LOPEZ, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. 12-8-07-CA, July 26, 2016 - RE: LETTER OF COURT OF APPEALS JUSTICE VICENTE S.E. VELOSO FOR ENTITLEMENT TO LONGEVITY PAY FOR HIS SERVICES AS COMMISSION MEMBER III OF THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION; A.M. NO. 12-9-5-SC - RE: COMPUTATION OF LONGEVITY PAY OF COURT OF APPEALS JUSTICE ANGELITA A, GACUTAN; A.M. NO. 13-02-07-SC - RE: REQUEST OF COURT OF APPEALS JUSTICE REMEDIOS A. SALAZAR- FERNANDO THAT HER SERVICES AS MTC JUDGE AND AS COMELEC COMMISSIONER BE CONSIDERED AS PART OF HER JUDICIAL SERVICE AND INCLUDED IN THE COMPUTATION/ADJUSTMENT OF HER LONGEVITY PAY., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 202050, July 25, 2016 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY AND PNOC DOCKYARD & ENGINEERING CORPORATION, Petitioners, v. KEPPEL PHILIPPINES HOLDINGS, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210991, July 12, 2016 - DUTY FREE PHILIPPINES CORPORATION (FORMERLY DUTY FREE PHILIPPINES) DULY REPRESENTED BY ITS CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER, LORENZO C. FORMOSO, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, HON. MA. GRACIA M. PULIDO TAN, CHAIRPERSON AND HON. HEIDI L. MENDOZA, COMMISSIONER, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10117, July 25, 2016 - IN RE: RESOLUTION DATED AUGUST 14, 2013 OF THE COURT OF APPEALS IN CA- PRESENT: GR.CV NO. 94656, v. ATTY. GIDEON D.V. MORTEL, Respondent.