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Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > June 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 201584, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. APOLONIO "TOTONG" AVILA Y ALECANTE, Accused-Appellant.:




G.R. No. 201584, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. APOLONIO "TOTONG" AVILA Y ALECANTE, Accused-Appellant.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

THIRD DIVISION

G.R. No. 201584, June 15, 2016

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. APOLONIO "TOTONG" AVILA Y ALECANTE, Accused-Appellant.

D E C I S I O N

PEREZ, J.:

We resolve in this Decision the appeal from the September 13, 2011 Decision1 of the Court of Appeals (CA) in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 04311. The CA sustained the September 9, 2009 Decision of the Regional Trial Court (RTC), Branch 219 of Quezon City, which found Apolonio "Totong" Avila (accused-appellant) guilty beyond reasonable doubt of murder, and imposed on him the penalty of reclusion perpetua.

The Facts

In an Information2 dated October 23, 2002, the prosecution charged the appellant with the crime of murder, to wit:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
"That on or about the 20th day of October 2002, in Quezon City, Philippines, the said accused, conspiring, confederating with another person whose true name, identity and whereabouts has not as yet been ascertained and mutually helping each other, with intent to kill, qualified by evident premeditation and treachery, taking advantage of superior strength, did then and there wil[l]fully, unlawfully and feloniously attack, assault and employ personal violence upon the person of one [JANJOY] VASQUEZ Y DAGANATO, by then and there shooting [her] with a gun hitting [her] on the head and stomach, thereby inflicting upon [her] serious and mortal wounds which were the direct and immediate cause of [her] untimely death, to the damage and prejudice of the heirs of said [Janjoy] Vasquez y Daganato.

CONTRARY TO LAW."3cralawred
Upon being arraigned, appellant pleaded NOT GUILTY to the crime charged. Pre-trial conference was terminated on December 12, 2002. Thereafter, trial on the merits ensued.

The prosecution's version of the facts of the case as laid down in the RTC Decision4 and the Appellee's Brief5 is hereby summarized as follows:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
On October 20, 2002 at about 7:30 in the evening, Ryan Vasquez, the 9-year-old brother of the victim, returned home after borrowing a guitar next door as instructed by his sister. Ryan was atop the stairscase leading to their house when he saw "Totong" and another man lingering outside their door. Ryan saw the two men peeping inside the house and out of fear of being spotted by Totong and his companion, he hid in a spot by the stairs, which was more or less 8 meters away from where the men were standing.6 While hiding, Ryan saw Totong fire the first shot. The bullet went through the door, hitting his sister [Janjoy] on the right side of her body.7 Totong then kicked the door open and shot [Janjoy] on the head.8 The two men immediately fled the scene. Ryan rushed inside the house and saw his sister lying on the ground bleeding. He hurried to his Ate Milda's nearby house and asked for help. Ryan's Ate Milda and Kuya Ricky brought [Janjoy] to the hospital.cralawred
The victim's neighbor and aunt sought to shed light on the whereabouts of accused-appellant before and after the shooting incident. Bryan Hermano, a 19 year old construction worker and neighbor of the Vasquez family, testified that on the same night between the hours of 7 and 8 o'clock in the evening, he was at the basketball court when he overheard Totong talking to his companion, Bong Muslim, about his plan to kill Rovic Vasquez, father of the victim. Unfortunately, before he could warn Rovic Vasquez, he learned that Janjoy was already shot. Jonalyn Vasquez, aunt of the victim, was at home that night and around 7 to 7:30 in the evening, she heard a gun shot coming from the next house. Upon hearing the gun shot, she immediately went outside and saw the accused walking on the pathway between her house and the victim's house. She claimed that no person other than the accused used said pathway after the shooting incident. The father of the victim, Rovic Vasquez, testified as to the funeral and burial expenses incurred by his family. He maintained that he incurred expenses for the burial lot and coffin amounting to P60,000.00 and expenses for food and drinks during the wake amounting to P8,400.00. A handwritten receipt amounting to P113,412.18, showing a breakdown of total expenses was also submitted.

The defense of accused-appellant is one of denial and alibi. His version of the facts as summarized in his Brief9 is hereby adopted as follows:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
"Between 11 o'clock to 12 o'clock in the evening of October 20, 2002, Apolonio Avila was inside a room which he rented on that same day at Freedom Park, Batasan Hills, Quezon City. While sleeping, he heard a loud bang at the door and several men forcibly entered. They introduced themselves as policemen and barangay officials further asked him if he was Totong. Avila was then informed that he was a suspect in a crime that took place at the lower part of Batasan and was invited to go to Police Station 6 without being presented a warrant of arrest. Upon arrival thereat, they waited for Rovic Vasquez, the private complainant in the case. At that time, he was not required to give any statement nor was he asked to sign a waiver. When the complainant arrived, he was brought to Camp Karingal to be incarcerated. He was not informed of the reason of his detention and was subjected to inquest proceeding only after three (3) days, on October 23, 2002. He affirmed that he was only renting a room in Freedom Park and was a resident of Santiago, Caloocan City. He confirmed knowing the complainant as he was a 'kababayan' but he firmly denied knowing a 'Toto Pulis' and 'Boy Muslim'."cralawred
Accused-appellant was the sole witness for the defense. On cross-examination, he testified that Rovic Vasquez, father of the victim, was his friend and kababayan. He claimed that he has known Rovic for a long time and there was no point in time when their friendship has turned sour even at the time when he was arrested. He also claimed that he only moved to Freedom Park, Batasan Hills, Quezon City because the complainant invited him to their place to rent a room as it would be more convenient for him. Accused-appellant also testified that no weapon search was conducted when he was apprehended, neither was he subjected to a paraffin test.

Ruling of the Regional Trial Court

After trial on the merits, the trial court rendered judgment on September 9, 2009. The trial court found accused-appellant guilty, imposing upon him the penalty of reclusion perpetua. The lower court held him liable to the heirs of the victim for P113,412.18 as actual damages; P50,000.00 as civil indemnity for death; and P50,000.00 as moral damages. The dispositive portion of the decision reads:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
"WHEREFORE, finding the accused APOLONIO AVILA Y ALECANTE guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of Murder, he is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalty of Reclusion Perpetua. The accused is likewise ordered to pay the heirs of Jan Joy Vasquez y Daganato the total amount of TWO HUNDRED THIRTEEN THOUSAND FOUR HUNDRED TWELVE PESOS AND EIGHTEEN CENTAVOS (P213,412.18), as civil liability.

SO ORDERED."10cralawred
Aggrieved, the accused sought to reverse the foregoing decision by pointing out the supposed glaring inconsistencies in the testimonies of the prosecution witnesses. The accused argued that Ryan Vasquez could not have witnessed the incident because it was only after he returned from the store that he saw his sister already bleeding. The accused-appellant insists that the eye witness testimony was seriously marred by the admission of Ryan that he only testified upon his mother's instructions. In addition, the accused-appellant dismissed the testimony of Jonalyn Vasquez as implausible, theorizing that his presence near the scene of the crime, as testified by Jonalyn, does not outrightly equate to his guilt. He further argues that his "nonchalance" about the incident certainly appears counter­intuitive to how guilty persons normally react after committing a crime. He opined that while criminals often flee the crime scene, he, on the other hand, stayed put and cooperated with the police. Lastly, accused-appellant insists that Bryan Hermano's testimony actually exculpated him as it showed that he was somewhere else at the time of the commission of the crime.

Ruling of the Court of Appeals

The CA found no merit in accused-appellant's arguments. The CA held that contrary to Avila's contention, the testimony of witness Ryan Vasquez was reasonably consistent in spite of his young age. The few dispensable ambiguities in the matter concerning his exact whereabouts at the time he witnessed the shooting was later clarified in his re-direct examination. In his cross-examination, the child became momentarily ambiguous when he stated that he discovered his sister already shot and bleeding after returning home from the store.11 Nonetheless, the CA found the ambiguities rather circumstantial, if not, completely understandable given that the line of questioning was leading, viz:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
xxxx
Q:
So you went to the store and [bought] something?
A:
Yes, Sir.
Q:
And later on, after buying that something, you [returned]?
A:
Yes, Sir.
Q:
And you already discovered that your sister Jan Joy was shot when you [returned] from the store?
A:
Yes, Sir.
Q:
As a matter of fact, she was bleeding already at the time you [returned]?
A:
Yes, Sir.12
The CA observed that the questions were all answerable by a "yes" and that it is only but natural that the child witness answered in the affirmative. Nonetheless, the witness managed to clarify his earlier statements during the re-direct examination. The witness also cooperated unhesitatingly when he was presented with the pictures of the crime scene. Not only did he identify the pictures, he also described them, in particular, where he hid at the time of the shooting, how he could make out the assailants from where he stood13 and where and how the accused and his companion were positioned shortly before committing the crime.14 The CA maintained that there is nothing in the testimony that may be considered irrevocably flawed. It is not uncommon during the trial that witnesses omit certain details, sometimes inadvertently, in the narration and in the process commit inconsistencies. More than anyone else, a 9-year-old child is susceptible to this.

With regard to Bryan Hermano's testimony, the CA ruled that any ambiguity as to his location between the time he heard of the plot and the time of the shooting was ironed out later in his testimony. Accused-appellant casts doubt on the testimony of Jonalyn Vasquez because it was in conflict with that of Ryan Vasquez's. Jonalyn recounted that she saw accused pass by the pathway between her house and that of the victim's; whereas Ryan initially told the court that accused and his companion rushed out of the scene after shooting the victim. The CA held that the manner of describing the action of the accused after the commission of the crime is generally a matter of observation, and thus, the perception of one witness may differ significantly from that of another's, especially in this case where witnesses were situated in separate locations, allowing them to witness the occurrences from different vantage points. Hence, the perceived contradiction in Jonalyn's testimony and that of Ryan should not be taken to mean that neither of the testimonies was truthful. If at all, the flimsy distinctions in their testimonies should be seen as badges of credibility instead of fabrication.

As for the testimonies of the other witnesses, the CA held that the supposed inconsistencies pointed out by the defense are simply ambiguities that can be deciphered after a more thorough reading. Moreover, the nature of their testimonies does not serve to prejudice the prosecution just because they do not point directly to the accused as the culprit of the crime. The testimonies were presented to shed light on such incidental matters.

The CA affirmed the decision of the RTC and denied the appeal. The dispositive portion of the decision reads:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
"WHEREFORE, premises considered, the appeal is hereby DISMISSED for lack of merit. Accordingly, the assailed Decision of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) of Quezon City, Branch 219 dated September 9, 2009 is AFFIRMED in toto.

SO ORDERED."15cralawred
The case was certified and elevated to this Court by the CA pursuant to Section 13 of Rule 124 of the Revised Rules of Court after it has reviewed and affirmed the decision of the RTC.

Our Ruling

We adopt the CA decision and affirm accused-appellant's conviction. Accused-appellant's contentions are bereft of merit.

The defense of denial cannot be given more weight over a witness' positive identification

The CA appropriately did not give credence to accused-appellant's defenses of alibi and denial; more so when it is pitted against the testimony of an eye witness. The child witness in this case positively identified the accused several times during the trial as the person who killed his sister. Such resoluteness cannot be doubted of a child, especially of one of tender age. The testimony of a single witness, when positive and credible, is sufficient to support a conviction even of murder.16 The defense failed to destroy the credibility of the child witness during the questioning. The defense of denial of the accused cannot be given more weight and credence over that of the child's positive identification. It is established jurisprudence that denial cannot prevail over the witnesses' positive identification of the accused-appellant; more so where the defense did not present convincing evidence that it was physically impossible for accused-appellant to have been present at the crime scene at the time of the commission of the crime.17 A defense of denial which is unsupported and unsubstantiated by clear and convincing evidence becomes negative and self-serving, deserving no weight in law, and cannot be given greater evidentiary value over convincing, straightforward and probable testimony on affirmative matters.18 Denial is an intrinsically weak defense which must be buttressed with strong evidence of non-culpability to merit credibility.19ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

Inconsistencies in testimonies with respect to minor details may be disregarded without impairing witness credibility

As consistently ruled by the Court, the testimony of children of sound mind is likely to be more correct and truthful than that of older persons, so that once established that they have understood the character and nature of an oath, their testimony should be given full credence.20 The trivial inconsistencies in Ryan's eye witness narration of details are understandable, considering the suddenness of the attack, the dreadful scene unfolding before his eyes, and the imperfection of the human memory. It is for this reason that jurisprudence uniformly pronounces that minor inconsistencies in the testimony of a witness do not reflect on his credibility. What remains important is the positive identification of the accused as the assailant.21 Ample margin of error and understanding must be accorded to young witnesses who, much more than adults, would be gripped with tension due to the novelty of the experience of testifying before the court.22ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

In People v. Crisostomo,23 this Court held that the discordance in the testimonies of witnesses on minor matters heightens their credibility and shows that their testimonies were not coached or rehearsed, especially where there is consistency in relating the principal occurrence and positive identification of the assailant.24 It is well settled that when the main thrust of the appeal is on the credibility of the prosecution witnesses, and appellant fails to demonstrate why this Court should depart from the cardinal principle that the findings of the trial court on the matter of credibility should not be disturbed, the same should be respected on appeal.25 The trial court has the superior advantage in observing the conduct and demeanor of the witness while testifying unless some fact or circumstance which could affect the result of the case may have been overlooked.26 We have gone through the records of this case and We find no cause which would justify rejecting the trial court's findings or prevent the CA from relying thereon.

Evident premeditation, abuse of superior strength and treachery as qualifying circumstances in the crime of Murder

Murder is the unlawful killing of a person, which is not parricide or infanticide, provided that any of the attendant circumstances enumerated in Article 248 of the Revised Penal Code is present. The trial court ruled that treachery and abuse of superior strength were attendant in the commission of the crime and that the prosecution foiled to establish the qualifying circumstance of evident premeditation. Before a qualifying circumstance may be taken into consideration, it must be proved with equal certainty as that which establishes the commission of the crime. It is not only the central fact of killing that must be proved beyond reasonable doubt; every qualifying or aggravating circumstance alleged to have been present and to have attended such killing, must similarly be shown by the same degree of proof.27 As with the finding of guilt of the accused, any doubt to its existence should be resolved in favor of the accused.28 This Court finds that only the circumstance of treachery should be appreciated, qualifying the crime to Murder.

To establish evident premeditation, there must be proof of (1) the time when the offender determined to commit the crime, (2) an act manifestly indicating that the culprit has clung to his determination, and (3) a sufficient lapse of time between the determination and execution to allow him to reflect upon the consequences of his act and to allow his conscience to overcome the resolution of his will had he desired to hearken to its warnings.29 The essence of premeditation is that the execution of the act was preceded by reflection during a period of time sufficient to arrive at a calm judgment.30 When it is not shown as to how and when the plan to kill was hatched or what time had elapsed before it was carried out, evident premeditation cannot be considered. It must be based on external acts and must not be merely suspected. There must be a demonstration of outward acts of a criminal intent that is notorious and manifest.31 The prosecution failed to satisfy the requisites of evident premeditation. The records contain no evidence regarding the planning and preparation of the killing of Janjoy. It was likewise not shown that accused-appellant clung to his detemiination to kill Janjoy. In fact, the only thing established by the prosecution witness' testimony was accused-appellant's plan to kill Rovic Vasquez, not Janjoy Vasquez.32 Thus, it cannot be said that accused-appellant had a preconceived plan to kill Janjoy.

Abuse of superior strength is present whenever there is notorious inequality of forces between the victim and the aggressor, assuming a situation of superiority of strength notoriously advantageous for the aggressor selected or taken advantage of by him in the commission of the crime.33 The fact that there were two persons who attacked the victim does not per se establish that the crime was committed with abuse of superior strength, there being no proof of the relative strength of the aggressors and the victim. Mere superiority in numbers is not indicative of the presence of this circumstance.34 The evidence must establish that the assailants purposely sought the advantage, or that they had the deliberate intent to use this advantage.35 The prosecution failed to adduce evidence of a relative disparity in age, size and strength, or force, except for the showing that there were two assailants present when the crime was committed.

There is treachery when the offender commits any of the crimes against the persons, employing means, methods, or forms in the execution thereof, which tend directly and (specially to ensure its execution, without risk to himself arising from the I defense which the offended party might make.36 The requisites of treachery are: (1) The employment of means, method, or manner of execution which will ensure the safety of the malefactor from defensive or retaliating acts on the part of the victim, no opportunity being given to the latter to defend himself or to retaliate; and (2) deliberate or conscious adoption of such means, method or manner of execution. A finding of existence of treachery should be based on "clear and convincing evidence".37 The prosecution, through the eyewitness testimony of Ryan Vasquez, was able to prove the treacherous manner of killing the victim. Ryan testified that the accused-appellant and his companion were peeping inside the house before the first shot was fired.38 The first shot was fired from behind a closed door, catching the victim by surprise.39 The second shot to the victim's head was fired immediately after the door was forced open by the accused-appellant.40 Such manner of execution of the crime ensured the safety of accused-appellant from retaliation and afforded the victim no opportunity to defend herself. Thus, We hold that the circumstance of treachery should be appreciated, qualifying the crime to Murder.

Damages and civil liability

Anent the damages awarded, We find that modification is in order. In awarding actual damages amounting to P113,412.18, the RTC relied on a hand written receipt (Exhibit F), which was merely executed by the victim's father. Such document is self-serving and does not hold weight. Time and again, this Court has held that only expenses supported by receipts and which appear to have been actually expended in connection with the death of the victims may be allowed.41 It is necessary that the claimant produce competent proof to justify an award for actual damages. Only substantiated expenses and those which appear to have been genuinely incurred in connection with the death, wake or burial of the victim will be recognized by the courts.42 This Court has repeatedly held that self-serving statements of account are not sufficient basis for an award of actual damages. Corollary to the principle that a claim for actual damages cannot be predicated on flimsy, remote, speculative, and insubstantial proof, courts are, likewise, required to state the factual bases of the award.43ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

A close examination of the records reveals that the prosecution only submitted the following evidence to substantiate the claim for actual damages:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary
Provisional receipt dated Oct. 29, 2002 issued by La Funeraria Paz (Exhibit D)
P5,000.00
Official Receipt dated Oct. 21, 2002 issued by La Funeraria Paz (Exhibit D-1)
P5,000.00
Provisional Receipt dated October 28, 2002 issued by La Funeraria Paz (Exhibit D-2)
P19,000.00
Handwritten receipt dated October 28, 2002 issued by Pafaiso Memorial Park (Exhibit D-5)
P48,000.00
TOTAL
P77,000.00
Based on the foregoing, the RTC erred in granting P8,400.00 in actual damages for food and beverage expenses incurred during the wake as the records are wanting of any receipt that substantiates such expenses. The RTC likewise erred in including college tuition fee expenses in the computation of actual damages granted; said expenses were not incurred in connection with the death, funeral or burial of the victim. Thus, accused-appellant shall be liable for P77,000.00 as actual damages.

The prosecution pointed out that the victim, Janjoy was 18 years old and at the time of her death, a second year college student at AMA College. Article 2206 of the Civil code provides that in addition to the indemnity for death caused by a crime or quasi delict, the defendant shall be liable for the loss of the earning capacity of the deceased and the indemnity shall be paid to the heirs of the latter. Compensation of this nature is awarded not for loss of earnings but for loss of capacity to earn money.44 It necessarily follows that evidence must be presented that the victim, if not yet employed at the time of death, was reasonably certain to complete training for a specific profession. In People v. Teehankee, Jr.,45 this Court did not award any compensation for loss of earning capacity to the heirs of a college freshman because there was no sufficient evidence on record to show that the victim would eventually become a pilot. In said case, the prosecution merely presented evidence to show the fact of the victim's graduation from high school and the fact of his enrollment in flying school. Whereas, in Metro Manila Transit Corporation v. CA,46 the Court granted compensation for loss of earning capacity resulting from the death of a minor who has not yet commenced employment for the reason that the victim's parents did not content themselves with simply establishing the victim's enrollment in a university. They presented evidence to show that the victim was a good student, promising artist, and obedient child. They showed that the victim consistently performed well in her studies since grade school. Several professors testified that the victim in said case had the potential of becoming an artist. The professors' testimonies were more than sufficiently established by the numerous samples of the victim's paintings and drawings submitted as exhibits by the heirs of the victim. In the case at bar, Rovic Vasquez, father of the victim, only testified as to the fact that Janjoy was a second year college student of AMA College at the time of her death. No mention was made of the victim's course in college, more so of her desired or perceived profession in the future. Unlike in Metro Manila Transit Corporation v. CA where evidence of good academic record, extra-curricular activities and varied interests were presented in court, claimants in this case offered no such evidence. Hence, there is no basis for awarding compensation for loss of capacity.

In accordance with People v. Gambao,47 wherein this Court increased the amounts of indemnity and damages where death is the penalty warranted by the facts but is not imposable under present law, accused-appellant shall also be liable for P100,000.00 as civil indemnity, P100,000.00 as moral damages and P100,000.00 as exemplary damages.

WHEREFORE, the decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 04311 is hereby AFFIRMED WITH MODIFICATION. Accused-appellant Apolonio "Totong" Avila is found GUILTY beyond reasonable doubt of Murder and sentenced to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua without eligibility for parole and ordered to pay the heirs of Janjoy Vasquez the amounts of P100,000.00 as civil indemnity, P100,000.00 as moral damages, P100,000.00 as exemplary damages, and P77,000.00 as actual damages. All monetary awards for damages shall earn interest at the legal rate of 6% per annum from the date of finality of this judgment until fully paid.

SO ORDERED.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

Velasco, Jr., (Chairperson), Peralta, and Reyes, JJ., concur.
Brion,*J., wellness leave.

Endnotes:


* Designated as Additional Member in lieu of Justice Francis H. Jardeleza per raffle dated May 18, 2016.

1Rollo, pp. 2-14; penned by Associate Justice Stephen C. Cruz; with Associate Justices Isaias P. Dicdican and Socorro B. Inting, concurring.

2 Records, p. 1.

3 Id.

4 Id. at 257-280; penned by Judge Bayani V. Vargas.

5 CA rollo, pp. 151-170.

6 TSN, February 20, 2003, p. 12.

7 Id. at 11.

8 TSN, February 6, 2003, p. 8.

9 CA rollo, pp. 103-118.

10Rollo, p. 5.

11 Supra note 6 at 5.

12 Id.

13 TSN, March 20, 2003, p. 6.

14 Id. at 7-8.

15Rollo, p. 13.

16People v. De la Cruz, 358 Phil. 513, 523 (1998).

17People v. Salcedo, et al., 667 Phil. 765, 775-776 (2011); citing Lumanog, et al. v. People, 644 Phil. 296, 404-405 (2010).

18People v. Mateo, 582 Phil. 369, 384 (2008).

19People v. Tamolon, et al., 599 Phil. 542, 552 (2009).

20People v. Tenoso, et al., 637 Phil. 595, 602 (2010).

21People v. Lagota, 271 Phil. 923, 931-932 (1991).

22People v. Abaño, 425 Phil. 264, 278 (2002).

23 354 Phil. 867, 876 (1998).

24Sumalpong v. CA, 335 Phil. 1218, 1223-1224 (1997).chanrobleslaw

25People v. Custodio, 274 Phil. 829, 835-836 (1991).

26People v. Cantuba, 428 Phil. 817, 829 (2002)

27People v. Derilo, 338 Phil. 350, 364 (1997).

28Cirera v. People, G.R. No. 181843, July 14, 2014, 730 SCRA 27, 48; citing People v. Ayupan, 427 Phil. 200, 218 (2002).

29People v. Gravino, 207 Phil. 107, 116 (1983).

30People v. Ariola, G.R. No. L-38457, October 29, 1980, 100 SCRA 523, 530.

31People v. Narit, 274 Phil. 613, 626 (1991).

32 TSN, June 7, 2005, p. 5.

33People v. Beduya, et al., 64 1 Phil. 399, 410 (2010).

34 Id.

35People v. Escoto, 313 Phil. 785, 799 (1995).

36 REVISED PENAL CODE, Art. 14 (16).

37Cirera v. People, supra note 28; citing People v. Felix, 357 Phil. 684, 700 (1998).

38 TSN, February 20, 2003, p. 12.

39 Id. at 11.

40 TSN, February 6, 2003, p. 8.

41People v. Salibad, G.R. No. 210616, November 25, 2015.

42People v. Jamiro, 344 Phil. 700, 722 (1997).

43Oceaneering Contractors (Phils) Inc. v. Barretto, 657 Phil. 607, 617 (2011).

44Metro Manila Transit Corporation v. CA, 359 Phil. 18, 38 (1998).

45 319 Phil. 128, 208 (1995).

46 Supra note 44 at 39.

47 718 Phil. 507, 531 (2013).



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  • G.R. No. 187462, June 01, 2016 - RAQUEL G. KHO, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND VERONICA B. KHO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 206419, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RUBEN DELA ROSA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 202047, June 08, 2016 - LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. NOEL B. PILI, MEDEL I. LIRIO, RODERICK B. JAMON, VICTORINO A. MACHICA, RONNIE C. VALORIA, VIRGILIO M. FLORES, RENATO C. PALMA, ANGELITO V. GUINTO, RAMIRO M. FELICIANO, ENRIQUE L. CIUBAL, ELMER P. TABIGAN, VENANCIO T. MADRIA, MAXIMO M. VITANGCOL, RODOLFO L. PAGUIO, ARNEL F. MAGSALIN, JULIANA N. DOLOR, NOEL C. CRUZ, SANDY C. JARILLA, BERTITO I. SERVIDAD, ALAN R. CORPUZ, ROBERT D. PABLO, ROBERT H. MONTEREY, HENRY L. LIAO, ROLANDO C. CEBANICO, VELIENTE S. FANTASTICO, MA. EMILIAN S. CRUZ, EDGARDO G. GAMBAYAN, GERARDO M. RUMBAWA, DANTE D. PALOMARA, MA. TERESA B. DE LOS REYES, JOSE ALLAN S. PACIFICO, RESTITUTO R. MALAPO, EARL G. PONGCO, LUCILO C. DEL MONTE, RUEL F. MAGBALANA, MARLYN V. VILLANUEVA, JUDITH C. BANEZ, GERMAN N. DE LUNA, FREDERICK B. DEL CORRO, CLODUALDO B. PASIOLAN, ROLANDO I. NAVARRO, AND PACIANO J. VILLANUEVA,*, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211026, June 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RENATO B. SUEDAD, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 204441, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. MICHAEL KURT JOHN BULAWAN Y ANDALES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201834, June 01, 2016 - ANDRES L. DIZON, Petitioner, v. NAESS SHIPPING PHILIPPINES, INC. AND DOLE UK (LTD.), Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196962, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOAN SONJACO Y STA. ANA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 191936, June 01, 2016 - VIRGINIA D. CALIMAG, Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF SILVESTRA N. MACAPAZ, REPRESENTED BY ANASTACIO P. MACAPAZ, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 193374, June 08, 2016 - HEIRS OF THE LATE GERRY* ECARMA, NAMELY: AVELINA SUIZA-ECARMA, DENNIS ECARMA, JERRY LYN ECARMA PENA, ANTONIO ECARMA AND NATALIA ECARMA SANGALANG, Petitioners, v. COURT OF APPEALS AND RENATO A. ECARMA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 175592, June 14, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDISON C. MAGBITANG, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 174838, June 01, 2016 - STRONGHOLD INSURANCE CO., INC., Petitioner, v. PAMANA ISLAND RESORT HOTEL AND MARINA CLUB, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185331, June 08, 2016 - SPOUSES ABELARDO VALARAO AND FRANCISCA VALARAO, Petitioners, v. MSC AND COMPANY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205097, June 08, 2016 - CORAZON D. ISON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211212, June 08, 2016 - SUN LIFE OF CANADA (PHILIPPINES), INC., Petitioner, v. MA. DAISY'S. SIBYA, JESUS MANUEL S. SIBYA III, JAIME LUIS S. SIBYA, AND THE ESTATE OF THE DECEASED ATTY. JESUS SIBYA, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208646, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. LORETO SONIDO Y CORONEL, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 207517, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RAUL AMARO Y CATUBAY ALIAS "LALAKS," Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 200081, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDGARDO T. CRUZ, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 194605, June 14, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MARIANO OANDASAN, JR., Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 214440, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ALEX MENDEZ RAFOLS, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217732, June 15, 2016 - EMILIO S. AGCOLICOL, JR., Petitioner, v. JERWIN CASIÑO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 172352, June 08, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. ALFREDO HABABAG, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, CONSOLACION, AND CHILDREN, NAMELY: MANUEL, SALVADOR, WILSON, JIMMY, ALFREDO, JR., AND JUDITH, ALL SURNAMED HABABAG, Respondents.; G.R. NOS. 172387-88 - ALFREDO HABABAG, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, CONSOLACION, AND CHILDREN, NAMELY: MANUEL, SALVADOR, WILSON, JIMMY, ALFREDO, JR., AND JUDITH, ALL SURNAMED HABABAG, Petitioners, v. LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215994, June 06, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN AND FIELD INVESTIGATION OFFICE, Petitioner, v. ROLANDO B. FALLER, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11069, June 08, 2016 - RONALDO C. FACTURAN, Complainant, v. PROSECUTOR ALFREDO L. BARCELONA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208475, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MANUEL REBANUEL Y NADERA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 168749, June 06, 2016 - SUGARSTEEL INDUSTRIAL, INC. AND MR. BEN YAPJOCO, Petitioners, v. VICTOR ALBINA, VICENTE UY AND ALEX VELASQUEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 160071, June 06, 2016 - ANDREW D. FYFE, RICHARD T. NUTTALL, AND RICHARD J. WALD, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 217943, June 06, 2016 - J. MELLIZA ESTATE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS DIRECTOR, ATTY. RAFAEL S. VILLANUEVA, Petitioner, v. ROSENDO SIMOY, GREGORIO SIMOY AND CONSEJO SIMOY, Respondents.

  • G. R. No. 185169, June 15, 2016 - HEIRS OF CATALINO DACANAY, HIS WIFE ERLINDA DACANAY, THEIR CHILDREN AURORA D. CONSTANTINO AND REYNALDO DACANAY; LOLITA DACANAY VDA. DE PARASO; HEIRS OF SOLEDAD APOSTOL, NAMELY: HER HUSBAND LEONARDO CAGUIOA, THEIR CHILDREN AMALIA, DANILO, RONALD, MARLENE, ROBERT, ROLDAN, THELMA AND TERESA, ALL SURNAMED CAGUIOA, Petitioners, v. JUAN SIAPNO, JR., MARIO RILLON, SPOUSES JOSE TAN AND LETICIA DY TAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201016, June 22, 2016 - LEONCIA A. YUMANG, Petitioner, v. RADIO PHILIPPINES NETWORK, INC. (RPN 9), MIA A. CONCIO, LEONOR C. LINAO, IDA BARRAMEDA AND LOURDES O. ANGELES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189401, June 15, 2016 - VIL-REY PLANNERS AND BUILDERS, Petitioners, v. LEXBER, INC., Respondent.; G.R. NO. 189447 - LEXBER, INC., Petitioner, v. STRONGHOLD INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203057, June 06, 2016 - BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE AS REPRESENTED BY THE COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. MANILA HOME TEXTILE, INC, THELMA LEE AND SAMUEL LE,E, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 204769, June 06, 2016 - MAGSAYSAY MARITIME CORP., CSCS BMTERNATIONAL NV AND/OR MARLON* RONO, Petitioners, v. RODEL A. CRUZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203336, June 06, 2016 - SPOUSES GERARDO AND CORAZON TRINIDAD, Petitioners, v. FAMA REALTY, INC. AND FELIX ASSAD, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208524, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. BERNARDINO PERALTAJ MORILLO AND MICHAEL AMBAS Y REYES, Accused, BERNARDINO PERALTA Y MORILLO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 209038, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RONALD BACALAN GABUYA AND RYANNEAL MENESES GIRON, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 197393, June 15, 2016 - PHILIPPINE SAVINGS BANK, Petitioner, v. MANUEL P. BARRERA, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11246, June 14, 2016 - ARNOLD PACAO, Complainant, v. ATTY. SINAMAR LIMOS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 181353, June 06, 2016 - HGL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, HENRY G. LIM, Petitioner, v. HON. RAFAEL O. PENUELA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS ACTING PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, 6TH JUDICIAL REGION, BRANCH 13, CULASI, ANTIQUE AND SEMIRARA COAL CORPORATION (NOW SEMIRARA MINING CORPORATION), Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 217575, June 15, 2016 - SOUTH COTABATO COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION AND GAUVAIN J. BENZONAN, Petitioners, v. HON. PATRICIA STO. TOMAS, SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ROLANDO FABRIGAR, MERLYN VELARDE, VINCE LAMBOC, FELIPE GALINDO, LEONARDO MIGUEL, JULIUS RUBIN, EDEL RODEROS, MERLYN COLIAO, AND EDGAR JOPSON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213919, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. VIRGILIO A. QUIM, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203152, June 20, 2016 - GEORGIA ROYO ADLAWAN, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS SURVIVING SPOUSE OF ALFONSO V. ADLAWAN, Petitioner, v. NICETAS I. JOAQUINO, FLORENCIA J. SON, EUSTOLIA J. MATA, BEATRIZ J. SATIRA, TERESA J. BERMEJO, CORAZON J. COGINA, MARIA J. NOVAL AND VISITACION J. DELA TORRE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 193075, June 20, 2016 - EMMANUEL REYES, SR. AND MUTYA M. REYES, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF DEOGRACIAS FORLALES, NAMELY: NAPOLEON FORLALES, LITA HELEN FORLALES-FRADEJAS, JAIME FORLALES, JR., JULIUS FORLALES FORTUNA, HORACE FORLALES, GALAHAD FORLALES, JR., INDEPENDENCE FORLALES-FETALVERO, MELITON FORLALES, JR., MILAGROS V. FORLALES AND MERCEDES FORLALES-BAUTISTA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208146, June 08, 2016 - VIRGINIA DIO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND TIMOTHY DESMOND, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208586, June 22, 2016 - HEIRS OF DATU MAMALINDING MAGAYOONG, REPRESENTED BY DR. MAIMONA MAGAYOONG-PANGARUNGAN WITH HER SPOUSE DATU SA MARAWI RASID PANGARUNGAN, AND DR. ANISHA* MAGAYOONG-MACABATO WITH HER SPOUSE DATU KHALIQUZZAMAN MACABATO, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF CATAMANAN MAMA, REPRESENTED BY HASAN MAMA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189516, June 08, 2016 - EDNA MABUGAY-OTAMIAS, JEFFREN M. OTAMIAS AND MINOR JEMWEL M. OTAMIAS, REPRESENTED BY THEIR MOTHER EDNA MABUGAY-OTAMIAS, Petitioners, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY COL. VIRGILIO O. DOMINGO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE PENSION AND GRATUITY MANAGEMENT CENTER (PGMC) OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214122, June 08, 2016 - AUTOZENTRUM ALABANG, INC., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES MIAMAR A. BERNARDO AND GENARO F. BERNARDO, JR., DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY, ASIAN CARMAKERS CORPORATION, AND BAYERISHE MOTOREN WERKE (BMW) A.G., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195382, June 15, 2016 - ORION WATER DISTRICT, REPRESENTED BY ITS GENERAL MANAGER, CRISPIN Q. TRIA, ET AL., Petitioner, v. THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (GSIS), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201584, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. APOLONIO "TOTONG" AVILA Y ALECANTE, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 210936, June 28, 2016 - TEODORO B. CRUZ, JR., MELCHOR M. ALONZO, AND WILFREDO P. ALDAY, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196329, June 01, 2016 - PABLO B. ROMAN, JR., AND ATTY. MATIAS V. DEFENSOR, AS OFFICERS OF THE CAPITOL HILLS GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, INC., Petitioners, v. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, ATTY. FRANKLIN I. CUETO, ATTY. EMMANUEL Y. ARTIZA AND MANUEL C. BALDEO, AS MEMBERS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE; JUSTINA F. CALLANGAN, AS DIRECTOR OF THE CORPORATION FINANCE DEPARTMENT; ATTY. NARCISO T. ATIENZA, EUSEBIO A. ABAQUIN, ATTY. CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS, SR., ATTY. CLODUALDO ANTONIO R. DE JESUS, JR., ATTY. IRENEO T. AGUIRRE, JR., SUNDAY O. PINEDA, PORFIRIO M. FLORES, AND ATTY. ZOSIMO PADRO, JR., Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 7330, June 14, 2016 - JUDGE GREGORIO D. PANTANOSAS, JR., Complainant, v. ATTY. ELLY L. PAMATONG, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211604, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DARYL POLONIO Y TUANGCAY, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203932, June 08, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. ENRIQUE LIGAN, EDUARDO MAGDARAOG, JOLITO OLIVEROS, RICHARD GONCER, EMELITO SOCO, VIRGILIO P. CAMPOS, JR., LORENZO BUTANAS, RAMEL BERNARDES, NELSON M. DULCE, CLEMENTE R. LUMAYNO, ARTHUR M. CAPIN, ALLAN BENTUZAL, AND JEFFREY LLENES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209344, June 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JAIME BRIOSO ALIAS TALAP-TALAP, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206294, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CERILO "ILOY" ILOGON, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.C. No. 9871, June 29, 2016 - IN RE: A.M. NO. 04-7-373-RTC [REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 60, BARILI, CEBU] AND A.M. NO. 04-7-374-RTC [VIOLATION OF JUDGE ILDEFONSO SUERTE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 60, BARILI, CEBU OF ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 36-2004 DATED MARCH 3, 2004], PROSECUTOR MARY ANN T. CASTRO-ROA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210673, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. GILBERT CABALLERO Y GARSOLA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206880, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ENRIQUE MIRANDA, JR. Y PAÑA @ "ERIKA" AND ALVIN ALGA Y MIRANDA @ "ALVIN," Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 205871, June 27, 2016 - RUEL TUANO Y HERNANDEZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 207231, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ROGER GALAGATI Y GARDOCE, Appellant.

  • G.R. Nos. 183200-01, June 29, 2016 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND/OR PAUL AQUINO AND ESTER R. GUERZON, Petitioners, v. AMELYN A. BUENVIAJE, Respondent.; G.R. Nos. 183253 & 183257 - AMELYN A. BUENVIAJE, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PAUL A. AQUINO AND ESTER R. GUERZON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219468, June 08, 2016 - JOSE BURGOS, JR., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ELADIO SJ. NAVAL AND ARLINA B. NAVAL, AND AMALIA B. NAVAL, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 194664, June 15, 2016 - FLORITA LIAM, Petitioner, v. UNITED COCONUT PLANTERS BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194235, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JAY GREGORIO Y AMAR @ "JAY," ROLANDO ESTRELLA Y RAYMUNDO @ "BONG," DANILO BERGONIA Y ALELENG @ "DANNY," EFREN GASCON Y DELOS SANTOS @ "EFREN," RICARDO SALAZAR Y GO @ "ERIC," AND JOHN DOE, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 187696, June 15, 2016 - FILOMENA CABLING, Petitioner, v. RODRIGO DANGCALAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211065, June 15, 2016 - HEIRS OF JOSE EXTREMADURA, REPRESENTED BY ELENA H. EXTREMADURA, Petitioners, v. MANUEL EXTREMADURA AND MARLON EXTREMADURA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190876, June 15, 2016 - YELLOW BUS LINE EMPLOYEES UNION (YBLEU), Petitioner, v. YELLOW BUS LINE, INC. (YBLI), Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8677, June 15, 2016 - MARITA CABAS, Petitioner, v. ATTY. RIA NINA L. SUSUSCO AND CHIEF CITY PROSECUTOR EMELIE FE DELOS SANTOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196557, June 15, 2016 - GREGORIO "TONGEE" BALAIS, JR., Petitioner, v. SE'LON BY AIMEE, AMELITA REVILLA AND ALMA BELARMINO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195224, June 15, 2016 - VIRGINIA JABALDE Y JAMANDRON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199422, June 21, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. KEPCO ILIJAN CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189851, June 22, 2016 - INTEC CEBU INC., AKIHIKO KAMBAYASHI AND WATARU SATO, Petitioners, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ROWENA REYES, ROWENA ODIONG, HYDEE AYUDA, TERESITA BERIDO, CRISTINA LABAPIZ, GEMMA JUMAO-AS, SIGMARINGA BAROLO, LIGAYA B. ANADON, DONALINE DELA TORRE, JOY P. LOMOD, JACQUELINE A. FLORES, SUSAN T. ALIÑO, ANALYN P. ABALLE, CAROLINE A. LABATOS, LENITH F. ROMANO, LEONILA B. FLORES, CECILIA G. PAPELLERO, AGNES C. CASIO, VIOLETA O. MATCHETE, CANDIDA I. CRUJIDO, CLAUDIA B. CUTAMORA, ROSALIE R. POLICIOS, GENELYN C. MUÑEZ, ALOME MIGUE, ELSIE ALCOS, LYDIALYN B. GODINEZ AND MYRNA S. LOGAOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214503, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RICO ENRIQUEZ Y CRUZ, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 181369, June 22, 2016 - TALA REALTY SERVICES CORP., INC., PEDRO B. AGUIRRE, REMEDIOS A. DUPASQUIER, DOLLY LIM, RUBENCITO M. DEL MUNDO AND ELIZABETH H. PALMA, Petitioners, v. BANCO FILIPINO SAVINGS & MORTGAGE BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170966, June 22, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Petitioner, v. ALBERTO LOOYUKO, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE OF NOAH'S ARK SUGAR HOLDINGS AND WILSON T. GO, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 9226 (Formerly CBD 06-1749), June 14, 2016 - MA. CECILIA CLARISSA C, ADVINCULA, Complainant, v. ATTY. LEONARDO C. ADVINCULA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214473, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EMETERIO MEDINA Y DAMO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 208393, June 15, 2016 - CITY OF TAGUIG, Petitioner, v. CITY OF MAKATI, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9574, June 21, 2016 - MYRNA M. DEVEZA, Complainant, v. ATTY. ALEXANDER M. DEL PRADO, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3459 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-4119-P], June 21, 2016 - ATTY. JOSELITA C. MALIBAGO-SANTOS, CLERK OF COURT VI, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, ANTIPOLO CITY, RIZAL, Complainant, v. JUANITO B. FRANCISCO, JR., SHERIFF IV, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT [OCC], REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, ANTIPOLO CITY, RIZAL, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200072, June 20, 2016 - PHILIP YU, Petitioner, v. VIVECA LIM YU, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 183543, June 20, 2016 - NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. MANILA SEEDLING BANK FOUNDATION, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-16-1877 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-2635-MTJ), June 13, 2016 - MOAMAR PANGANDAG, Complainant, v. PRESIDING JUDGE OTTOWA B. ABINAL, 8TH MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT IN MULONDO, MAGUING, LUMBA-BAYABAO, AND TARAKA, LANAO DEL SUR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 154069, June 06, 2016 - INTERPORT RESOURCES CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. SECURITIES SPECIALIST, INC., AND R.C. LEE SECURITIES INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 193455, June 13, 2016 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF GREGORIO RAMORAN, NAMELY: DELFIN R. PINEDA, ESPERANZA PINEDA MAGPALI, DIGNA PINEDA ARZADON, CARIDAD R. PINEDA, IMELDA ZIAPNO, TERESITA PINEDA DELFIN, ESTER R. PINEDA, FE Y. UZON, PACENCIA ERFE VERSOZA, IMPRESSION V. CLEMENTE, ALL REPRESENTED BY DELFIN R. PINEDA, ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, Respondents.; SPOUSES ARNULFO R. VERSOZA AND PRISCILLA M. VERSOZA; SPOUSES DOMINGO AND DOMINGA GOMEZ; AND ERLINDA GOMEZ-OCAY, IN HER BEHALF AND IN BEHALF OF CARLITO, MEDELINA, ANGELISTA, SILVERA, LOLITA, & ROMBERTO, ALL SURNAMED GOMEZ, Intervenor-Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 183794, June 13, 2016 - SPOUSES JAIME AND MATILDE POON, Petitioners, v. PRIME SAVINGS BANK REPRESENTED BY THE PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION AS STATUTORY LIQUIDATOR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 190644, June 13, 2016 - NDC TAGUM FOUNDATION, INC., ANITA B. SOMOSO, AND LIDA U. NATAVIO, Petitioners, v. EVELYN B. SUMAKOTE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208205, June 01, 2016 - ATTY. ROMEO G. ROXAS, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC REAL ESTATE CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. No. 208212 - REPUBLIC REAL ESTATE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188829, June 13, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, HON. RAUL S. GONZALEZ, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, HON. ALIPIO F. FERNANDEZ, JR., IN HIS CAPACITY AS COMMISSIONER OF THE BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, HON. ARTHEL B. CAROÑONGAN, HON. TEODORO B. DELARMENTE, HON. JOSE D. CABOCHAN, AND HON. FRANKLIN Z. LITTAUA, IN THEIR CAPACITY AS MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, Petitioners, v. DAVONN MAURICE C. HARP, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 197122, June 15, 2016 - INGRID SALA SANTAMARIA AND ASTRID SALA BOZA, Petitioners, v. THOMAS CLEARY, Respondent.; G.R. No. 197161 - KATHRYN GO-PEREZ, Petitioner, v. THOMAS CLEARY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213054, June 15, 2016 - TERESITA TAN, Petitioner, v. JOVENCIO F. CINCO, SIMON LORI HOLDINGS, INC., PENTACAPITAL INVESTMENT CORPORATION, FORTUNATO G. PE, RAYMUNDO G. PE, JOSE REVILLA REYES, JR., AND DEPUTY SHERIFF ROMMEL IGNACIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214901, June 15, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. APOLONIO KHO, REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: PERLA LUZ, KRYPTON, KOSELL, KYRIN, AND KELVIN, ALL SURNAMED KHO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211015, June 20, 2016 - CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHT COMPANY, INC. (CEPALCO) AND CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES CORPORATION (CESCO), FORMERLY CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES & TRADING CORPORATION (CESTCO), Petitioners, v. CEPALCO EMPLOYEE'S LABOR UNION-ASSOCIATED LABOR UNIONS-TRADE UNION CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (TUCP), Respondent.; G.R. No. 213835 - CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHT COMPANY, INC. (CEPALCO) AND CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES CORPORATION (CESCO), FORMERLY CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES & TRADING CORPORATION (CESTCO), Petitioners, v. CEPALCO EMPLOYEE'S LABOR UNION-ASSOCIATED LABOR UNIONS-TRADE UNION CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (TUCP), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215348, June 20, 2016 - ELDEFONSO G. DEL ROSARIO AND JOSEFINO R. ORTIZ, Petitioners, v. CRISTINA OCAMPO-FERRER, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203527, June 27, 2016 - SPS. AURELIO HITEROZA AND CYNTHIA HITEROZA, Petitioners, v. CHARITO S. CRUZADA, PRESIDENT AND CHAIRMAN, CHRIST'S ACHIEVERS MONTESSORI, INC., AND CHRIST'S ACHIEVERS MONTESSORI, INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212960, June 08, 2016 - SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA GENERAL OFFSET PRESS, INC., Petitioner, v. GENERAL OFFSET PRESS, INC., JUANITA TIU AND JOJI TIU, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 210565, June 28, 2016 - EMMANUEL D. QUINTANAR, BENJAMIN O. DURANO, CECILIO C. DELAVIN, RICARDO G GABORNI, ROMEL G GERARMAN, JOEL JOHN P. AGUILAR, RAMIRO T. GAVIOLA, RESTITUTO D. AGSALUD, MARTIN E. CELIS, PATRICIO L. ARIOS, MICHAEL S. BELLO, LORENZO C. QUINLOG, JUNNE G. BLAYA, SANTIAGO B. TOLENTINO, JR., NESTOR A. MAGNAYE, ARNOLD S. POLVORIDO, ALLAN A. AGAPITO, ARIEL E. BAUMBAD, JOSE T. LUTIVA, EDGARDO G. TAPALLA, ROLDAN C. CADAYONA, REYNALDO V. ALBURO, RUDY C. ULTRA, MARCELO R. CABILI, ARNOLD B. ASIATEN, REYMUNDO R. MACABALLUG, JOEL R. DELEÑA, DANILO T. OQUIÑO, GREG B. CAPARAS AND ROMEO T. ESCARTIN, Petitioners, v. COCA-COLA BOTTLERS, PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 191087, June 29, 2016 - DELIA L. BELITA, SALVADOR ILARDE, JR., GENEVIEVE BELITA, MA. CHERYL DAVA, BRAULIO LEDESMA, JR., FLORENCE B. OLSEN, KATHY GERMENTIL, ROSITA ESTUART, ARDELIZA LIM, ELSA RAFANAN, ERLINDA V. GAERLAN, PERLA FERNANDEZ, DELBEN "NOY" BELITA AND JOSEPH AVACILLA, Petitioners, v. ANTONIO S. SY, ROBERTO CARONAN, WILFREDO CIRIACO, NORMA S. WONG, SONIA C. BENERO, MARIA L. PINEDA AND CRISTINA V. CARAMOL, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 204264, June 29, 2016 - JENNEFER FIGUERA, AS SUBSTITUTED BY ENHANCE VISA SERVICES, INC., REPRESENTED BY MA. EDEN R. DUMONT, Petitioner, v. MARIA REMEDIOS ANG, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205544, June 29, 2016 - MUNICIPALITY OF CORDOVA, PROVINCE OF CEBU; THE SANGGUNIANG BAYAN OF CORDOVA; AND THE MAYOR OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF CORDOVA, Petitioners, v. PATHFINDER DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND TOPANGA DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 206484, June 29, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS (DOTC), Petitioner, v. SPOUSES VICENTE ABECINA AND MARIA CLEOFE ABECINA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 210761, June 28, 2016 - KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON, ELMER LABOG; NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNIONS-KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS VICE-PRESIDENTS, REDEN ALCANTARA AND ARNOLD DELA CRUZ, CENTER FOR TRADE UNION AND HUMAN RIGHTS (CTUHR), REPRESENTED BY ITS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR DAISY ARAGO, VIRGINIA FLORES AND VIOLETA ESPIRITU, Petitioners, v. HON. BENIGNO SIMEON C. AQUINO III, AND PHILIPPINE HEALTH INSURANCE CORPORATION (PHIC), Respondents; MIGRANTE INTERNATIONAL, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON GARRY MARTINEZ, CONNIE BRAGAS-REGALADO, PARALUMAN CATUIRA, UNITED FILIPINOS IN HONGKONG (UNIFIL-HK), AND SOLEDAD PILLAS, Petitioners-in-Intervention.

  • G.R. No. 188020, June 27, 2016 - REN TRANSPORT CORP. AND/OR REYNALDO PAZCOGUIN III, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (2ND DIVISION), SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA REN TRANSPORT-ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC LABOR ASSOCIATIONS (SMART-ADLO) REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT NESTOR FULMINAR, Respondents.; G.R. No. 188252 - SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA REN TRANSPORT-ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC LABOR ASSOCIATIONS (SMART-ADLO) REPRESENTED BY NESTOR FULMINAR, Petitioner, v. REN TRANSPORT CORP. AND/OR REYNALDO PAZCOGUIN III, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208759, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DIONE BARBERAN AND DIONE DELOS SANTOS, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 209714, June 21, 2016 - RAPHAEL C. FONTANILLA, Petitioner, v. THE COMMISSIONER PROPER, COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10465, June 08, 2016 - SPOUSES LAMBERTO V. EUSTAQUIO AND GLORIA J. EUSTAQUIO, Complainants, v. ATTY. EDGAR R. NAVALES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203458, June 06, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. QUIRINO BALMES Y CLEOFE, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203924, June 29, 2016 - ROGER CABUHAT AND CONCHITA CABUHAT, Petitioners, v. DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY MANAGER PERLA L. FAVILA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211141, June 29, 2016 - HILARIO DASCO, REYMIR PARAFINA, RICHARD PARAFINA, EDILBERTO ANIA, MICHAEL ADANO, JAIME BOLO, RUBEN E. GULA, ANTONIO CUADERNO AND JOVITO CATANGUI, Petitioners, v. PHILTRANCO SERVICE ENTERPRISES INC/CENTURION SOLANO, MANAGER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211526, June 29, 2016 - PMI-FACULTY AND EMPLOYEES UNION, Petitioner, v. PMI COLLEGES BOHOL, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 184666, June 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. MEGA PACIFIC ESOLUTIONS, INC., WILLY U. YU, BONNIE S. YU, ENRIQUE T. TANSIPEK, ROSITA Y. TANSIPEK, PEDRO O. TAN, JOHNSON W. FONG, BERNARD I. FONG, AND *LAURIANO A. BARRIOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208383, June 08, 2016 - FIRST MEGA HOLDINGS CORP., Petitioner, v. GUIGUINTO WATER DISTRICT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 186050, June 21, 2016 - ARTHUR BALAO, WINSTON BALAO, NONETTE BALAO, JONILYN BALAO-STRUGAR, AND BEVERLY LONGID, Petitioners, v. EDUARDO ERMITA, GILBERTO TEODORO, RONALDO PUNO, NORBERTO GONZALES, GEN. ALEXANDER YANO, GEN. JESUS VERZOSA, BRIG. GEN. REYNALDO MAPAGU, LT. P/DIR. EDGARDO DOROMAL, MAJ. GEN. ISAGANI CACHUELA, COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE AFP-ISU BASED IN BAGUIO CITY, PSS EUGENE MARTIN, AND SEVERAL JOHN DOES, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 186059 - EDUARDO SECRETARY TEODORO, RONALDO SECRETARY GONZALES, SECRETARY ERMITA, GILBERTO SECRETARY PUNO, NORBERTO GEN. ALEXANDER YANO, P/DGEN. JESUS VERZOSA, BRIG. GEN. REYNALDO MAPAGU, MAJ. GEN. ISAGANI CACHUELA, AND POL. SR. SUPT. EUGENE MARTIN, Petitioners, v. ARTHUR BALAO, WINSTON JARDELEZA, AND BALAO, NONETTE BALAO, CAGUIOA, JJ. JONILYN BALAO-STRUGAR, AND BEVERLY LONGID, Respondents.**

  • G.R. No. 203538, June 27, 2016 - ARTEX DEVELOPMENT CO., INC., Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ATTY. MARISSA E. TIMONES, ERLINDA O. MARTEJA, ELIMAR N. JOSE, AND ATTY. LUIS Y. DEL MUNDO, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202830, June 20, 2016 - SPOUSES ADRIANO SALISE AND NATIVIDAD PAGUDAR, SPOUSES TEODORO VIRTUDAZO AND NECITAS SALISE, JEROME G. DIOLANTO, SPOUSES EULALIO D. DAMASING AND POTENCIANA LABIA, SPOUSES FRANCISCO AND SIMPLICIA BABAYA-ON, SPOUSES RUFINO BUTIHIN AND CECILIA CAGNO, SPOUSES EFITACIO G. PAMISA AND VIRGELIA VIRTUDAZO, DELFIN B. SARINAS, SPOUSES FELIPE C. VIRTUDAZO, JR. AND GRACE TUTO, SPOUSES ANGEL BARBOSA AND FLORENCIA SALISE, SPOUSES FRANKLIN AND LEONORA PAMISA, SPOUSES MARCELO MANIQUE AND CECILIA CARBON, LARRY PAMISA, SPOUSES ENRIQUE CARBON AND ERLINDA SOMO, SPOUSES WILFREDO A. JUANILO AND MINDA VILLARMIA, SPOUSES FELIX REQUILME AND CERINA SALVO, SPOUSES CARLITO FABE AND EMELITA MANGGANA, LUIBEN MAGTO, SPOUSES SERAFIN AND LILIA SURIGAO, SPOUSES HILARIO BACABIS AND RETIFICACION DABLO, SPOUSES REYNALDO S. SALUCOT AND ANECITA DESCALLAR, SPOUSES HAGENIO PAUG AND EVELITA VIRTUDAZO, SPOUSES MAXIMO BORREZ AND VILMA SALISE, SPOUSES FELIMON V. SALVO, JR., EVA MACATOL AND RITA V. SALVO, Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM ADJUDICATION BOARD REGION X ADJUDICATOR ABETO SALCEDO, JR. AND RICARDO GACULA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202621, June 22, 2016 - ZAIDA R. INOCENTE, Petitioner, v. ST. VINCENT FOUNDATION FOR CHILDREN AND AGING, INC./VERONICA MENGUITO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209384, June 27, 2016 - URBANO F. ESTRELLA, Petitioner, v. PRISCILLA P. FRANCISCO, Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 185857-58, June 29, 2016 - TRIFONIA D. GABUTAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HER HEIRS, NAMELY: ERLINDA LLAMES, ELISA ASOK, PRIMITIVO GABUTAN, VALENTINA YANE; BUNA D. ACTUB, FELISIA TROCIO, CRISANTA D. UBAUB, AND TIRSO DALONDONAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: MADELYN D. REPOSAR AND JERRY DALONDONAN, MARY JANE GILIG, ALLAN UBAUB, AND SPOUSES NICOLAS & EVELYN DAILO, Petitioners, v. DANTE D. NACALABAN, HELEN N. MAANDIG, SUSAN N. SIAO, AND CAGAYAN CAPITOL COLLEGE, Respondents.; G.R. NOS. 194314-15 - DANTE D. NACALABAN, HELEN N. MAANDIG, AND SUSAN N. SIAO, AS HEIRS OF BALDOMERA D. VDA. DE NACALABAN, Petitioners, v. TRIFONIA D. GABUTAN, BUNA D. ACTUB, FELISIA D. TROCIO, CRISANTA D. UBAUB, AND TIRSO DALONDONAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: MADELYN D. REPOSAR AND JERRY DALONDONAN, MARY JANE GILIG, ALLAN UBAUB, AND SPOUSES NICOLAS & EVELYN DAILO, CAGAYAN CAPITOL COLLEGE, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, ATTY. CASIMIRO B. SUAREZ, JR., PRIVATE Respondent; HON. LEONCIA R. DIMAGIBA (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. PAUL L. HERNANDO (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. NINA G. ANTONIO-VALENZUELA (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. EDGARDO T. LLOREN (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), AND HON. JANE AURORA C. LANTION (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE, ACTING CHAIRMAN), COURT OF APPEALS, CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY (FORMER SPECIAL TWENTY-SECOND DIVISION), PUBLIC Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209794, June 27, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES JOSE AMAGAN AND AURORA AMAGAN, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE TRADE NAME AND STYLE "A & J SEAFOODS AND MARINE PRODUCTS," AND JOHN DOE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 163157, June 27, 2016 - SPOUSES BERNABE MERCADER, JR. AND LORNA JURADO MERCADER, OLIVER MERCADER, GERALDINE MERCADER AND ESRAMAY MERCADER, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES JESUS BARDILAS AND LETECIA GABUYA BARDILAS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215950, June 20, 2016 - TRIDHARMA MARKETING CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, SECOND DIVISION, AND THE COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 216452, June 20, 2016 - TING TRUCKING/MARY VIOLAINE A. TING, Petitioner, v. JOHN C. MAKILAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214399, June 28, 2016 - ARMANDO N. PUNCIA, Petitioner, v. TOYOTA SHAW/PASIG, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 166890, June 28, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. APOLONIO BAUTISTA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 218240, June 28, 2016 - ENGR. PABLITO S. PALUCA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE GENERAL MANAGER OF THE DIPOLOG CITY WATER DISTRICT, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212186, June 29, 2016 - ARIEL LOPEZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194065, June 20, 2016 - PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213582, June 28, 2016 - NYMPHA S. ODIAMAR,1 Petitioner, v. LINDA ODIAMAR VALENCIA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211269, June 15, 2016 - RUBEN E. TIU, Petitioner, v. HON. NATIVIDAD G. DIZON, ACTING CHAIRPERSON OF THE BOARD OF PARDONS AND PAROLE, HON. FRANKLIN JESUS BUCAYU, DIRECTOR OF THE BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS, HON. SECRETARY LEILA M. DE LIMA OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, HON. PAQUITO N. OCHOA JR., THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190506, June 13, 2016 - CORAL BAY NICKEL CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206528, June 28, 2016 - PHILIPPINE ASSET GROWTH TWO, INC. (SUCCESSOR-IN-INTEREST OF PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK) AND PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK, Petitioners, v. FASTECH SYNERGY PHILIPPINES, INC. (FORMERLY FIRST ASIA SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, INC.), FASTECH MICROASSEMBLY & TEST, INC., FASTECH ELECTRONIQUE, INC., AND FASTECH PROPERTIES, INC., Respondents.