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Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > June 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 203458, June 06, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. QUIRINO BALMES Y CLEOFE, Appellant.:




G.R. No. 203458, June 06, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. QUIRINO BALMES Y CLEOFE, Appellant.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

THIRD DIVISION

G.R. No. 203458, June 06, 2016

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. QUIRINO BALMES Y CLEOFE, Appellant.

D E C I S I O N

PERALTA, J.:

On appeal is the February 6, 2012 Decision1 of the Court of Appeals (CA) in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 04148, which affirmed with modification the May 7, 2009 Joint Decision2 of Regional Trial Court (RTC), Branch 40, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro, in Criminal Cases No. C-03-7163 to C-03-7165, convicting appellant Quirino Balmes y Cleofe of three (3) counts of rape committed against his daughter, AAA.

On January 20, 2003, three (3) separate Informations were filed charging appellant Quirino as follows:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

CRIMINAL CASE NO. C-03-7163

That sometime in the month of July 1992, at Barangay Sto. Niño, City of Calapan, Province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, while armed with a bladed instrument, motivated by lust and unchaste design, and by means of force and intimidation, willfully, unlawfully and feloniously did lie, and succeed in having carnal knowledge with one AAA, [his] own daughter, against her will and without her consent, to the damage and prejudice of the latter.

Contrary to law.3chanrobleslaw

CRIMINAL CASE NO. C-03-7164

That sometime in the month of September 1992 at around 1:00 in the afternoon, at Barangay Sto. Niño, City of Calapan, Province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, while armed with a bladed instrument, motivated by lust and unchaste design, and by means of force and intimidation, willfully, unlawfully and feloniously did lie, and succeed in having carnal knowledge with one AAA, [his] own daughter, against her will and without her consent, to the damage and prejudice of the latter.

Contrary to law.4chanrobleslaw

CRIMINAL CASE NO. C-03-7165

That on or about the 23rd of May 2002 at around 7:30 in the evening, at Barangay Sto. Niño, City of Calapan, Province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, while armed with a bladed instrument, motivated by lust and unchaste design, and by means of force and intimidation, willfully, unlawfully and feloniously did lie, and succeed in having carnal knowledge with one AAA, [his] own daughter, against her will and without her consent, to the damage and prejudice of the latter.

Contrary to law.5chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
In his arraignment on May 14, 2003, Quirino pleaded not guilty to the crime charged.6 Joint trial ensued while he was detained in the provincial jail.7chanrobleslaw

Presented as witnesses for the prosecution were private complainant AAA, her brother BBB, her maternal aunt CCC, and the rural health physician who examined her, Dr. Angelita C. Legaspi. Only Quirino testified for the defense.

The facts, according to the prosecution, are as follows:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibraryAAA was bom on December 1, 1969. Her father, Quirino, is a widower whose wife, DDD, died on May 6, 1983. She has five siblings: EEE, FFF, GGG, HHH and BBB.

In the evening of July 1992, while she was asleep in the upper room of their two-storey house at Barangay Sto. Niño, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro, AAA was awakened by her father lying beside her. Quirino, who was holding a balisong, told her not to create any noise since her siblings were likewise sleeping. GGG was in the same room but separated by a cabinet while HHH and BBB were downstairs. After Quirino touched AAA's entire body, including her breasts, he raised her T-shirt, lowered her pajama, and removed her underwear. She begged for mercy, uttering"[h]uwag po itay, maawa ka sa akin," but it fell on deaf ears. Quirino then undressed himself, moved her legs apart, and placed himself on top of her. He inserted his penis into her vagina and made a pumping motion. When AAA felt a warm substance, her father got up. Quirino warned her not to tell the incident to anybody, otherwise, she and her siblings would be killed. Because of the threat, AAA remained silent.

Two months passed, at about 1:00 p.m. in September 1992, while she was resting in the room upstairs and her siblings were attending school, AAA was again approached by Quirino. After warning her not to make any noise, he started to touch her body parts, removed her lower garments, kissed her, and licked her private organ. He then stood up, removed his shorts, placed himself on top of her, and inserted his penis into her vagina. AAA, who could not move because a balisong was poking at her neck, pleaded for mercy. When his carnal desires were consummated, Quirino repeated his threat to AAA, who again remained silent.

Meantime, from 1994 until 1998, AAA stayed in Manila and worked as a saleslady in a factory. She ran away because she did not like the way her father strictly administered the house and his desire to rape her everytime.8 Moreover, after confiding to her paternal grandmother, she was advised "to go away because that would be a great shame to the family."9 She went back to Calapan when her father and brother fetched her upon knowing that she got pregnant by her boyfriend.

On May 23, 2002, at around 7:30 p.m., AAA was again raped by her father while she was in their house, at a room with her three-year-old daughter.10 Quirino said that he wanted to have sexual intercourse. She refused, but he insisted and threatened to kill her as well as her siblings and daughter. He touched her body parts, forcefully pulled her pajama and underwear, moved her legs apart, placed himself on top of her, inserted his penis into her vagina, and "nagparaos" Still afraid of her father, AAA kept her silence.

A week after, however, AAA divulged to GGG their father's bestial acts. Subsequently, on November 22, 2002, she was able to disclose the same to BBB, while her daughter had a check-up at the Ma. Estrella Clinic. On the same day, the three of them agreed to immediately go to their maternal grandmother III and aunt CCC in Barangay Loyal, Victoria, Oriental Mindoro. When Quirino failed to explain his side, they went to the Victoria Police Station, which referred them to the PNP Provincial Headquarters. The sworn statements of AAA, BBB, and CCC were then taken. As a result thereof, Quirino was later apprehended.

On May 7, 2009, the RTC convicted Quirino of the crime charged. The fallo of the Joint Decision states:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
ACCORDINGLY, finding herein accused Quirino Balmes y Cleofe guilty beyond reasonable doubt as principal of the crime of three (3) counts of rape in Criminal Case No. C-03-7163 punishable then under Article 366 of the Revised Penal Code and in Criminal Case Nos. C-03-7164 and C-03-7165, now punishable under Article 266-A of the Revised Penal Code, said accused is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalty of THREE (3) RECLUSION PERPETUA, with all the accessory penalties as provided for by law.

Said accused is hereby directed to indemnify the private complainant [AAA] the amount of Php100,000.00 as civil indemnity, the amount of Php75,000.00 as moral damages and the amount of Php50,000.00 as exemplary damages and to pay the costs.

SO ORDERED.11chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
The RTC found that the constitutional presumption of innocence of the accused had been overcome by his guilt beyond reasonable doubt. It noted that AAA's testimony on the witness stand was positive, clear and convincing, and free from serious contradictions. In contrast, Quirino's denial of the crime charged was uncorroborated and self-serving and that his reason as to why AAA filed the rape charges against him was too flimsy and insignificant compared to the humiliation, anxiety and exposure to public trial as well as the family scandal brought about by the disclosure of the rape charges. Moreover, it was opined that the failure of the defense to present any child or relative of Quirino to support his denial is a clear manifestation that even his own family was ashamed of what he did.

On appeal, the CA saw no reason to deviate from the findings of the court a quo as it upheld its assessment of the credibility of the prosecution witnesses especially that of AAA's. However, in adopting the recommendation of the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG), the trial court's judgment was modified, thus:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
WHEREFORE, premises considered, the assailed Decision is hereby AFFIRMED insofar as finding accused-appellant guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of rape on all counts. However, the penalties must be MODIFIED to read as follows -
Accused-appellant is hereby sentenced to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua for each count of rape without eligibility for parole, in accordance with Republic Act 9364. Furthermore, accused-appellant is required to indemnify private complainant the following -
a. Civil indemnity of Seventy-Five Thousand (P75,000.00) Pesos for each count of rape;

b. Moral damages of Seventy-Five Thousand (P75,000.00) Pesos for each count of rape; and cralawlawlibrary

c. Exemplary Damages of Thirty Thousand (P30,000.00) Pesos for each count of rape.
SO ORDERED.12chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
Before Us, Quirino manifested that he would no longer file a Supplemental Brief considering that he had exhaustively discussed the assigned errors in his Appellant's Brief in the CA.13 In view thereof, the OSG dispensed with the filing of a Supplemental Brief and instead submitted the case for decision.14chanrobleslaw

The appeal is unmeritorious.

The settled rule is that the trial court's evaluation and conclusion on the credibility of witnesses in rape cases are generally accorded great weight and respect, and at times even finality, and that its findings are binding and conclusive on the appellate court, unless there is a clear showing that it was reached arbitrarily or it appears from the records that certain facts or circumstances of weight, substance or value were overlooked, misapprehended or misappreciated by the lower court and which, if properly considered, would alter the result of the case.15 Having seen and heard the witnesses themselves and observed their behavior and manner of testifying, the trial court stood in a much better position to decide the question of credibility.16 Indeed, trial judges are in the best position to assess whether the witness is telling a truth or lie as they have the direct and singular opportunity to observe the facial expression, gesture and tone of voice of the witness while testifying.17chanrobleslaw

To determine the innocence or guilt of the accused in rape cases, the courts are guided by three well-entrenched principles: (1) an accusation of rape can be made with facility and while the accusation is difficult to prove, it is even more difficult for the accused, though innocent, to disprove; (2) considering that in the nature of things, only two persons are usually involved in the crime of rape, the testimony of the complainant should be scrutinized with great caution; and (3) the evidence for the prosecution must stand or fall on its own merits and cannot be allowed to draw strength from the weakness of the evidence for the defense.18 Accordingly, in resolving rape cases, the primordial or single most important consideration is almost always given to the credibility of the victim's testimony.19 When the victim's testimony is credible, it may be the sole basis for the accused person's conviction since, owing to the nature of the offense, in many cases, the only evidence that can be given regarding the matter is the testimony of the offended party.20 A rape victim's testimony is entitled to greater weight when she accuses a close relative of having raped her, as in the case of a daughter against her father.21chanrobleslaw

After an exhaustive review of the entire case records, We see no reason to reverse or modify the findings of the RTC and the CA as to the credibility of AAA's testimony and the weakness of Quirino's defense of denial.

Certainly, AAA's failure to shout or wake up her siblings or her silence on the repeated rape incidents does not affect her credibility.
x x x The Court had consistently found that there is no uniform behavior that can be expected from those who had the misfortune of being sexually molested. While there are some who may have found the courage early on to reveal the abuse they experienced, there are those who have opted to initially keep the harrowing ordeal to themselves and attempted to move on with their lives. This is because a rape victim's actions are oftentimes overwhelmed by fear rather than by reason. The perpetrator of the rape hopes to build a climate of extreme psychological terror, which would numb his victim into silence and submissiveness. In fact, incestuous rape further magnifies this terror for the perpetrator in these cases, such as the victim's father, is a person normally expected to give solace and protection to the victim. Moreover, in incest, access to the victim is guaranteed by the blood relationship, magnifying the sense of helplessness and the degree of fear.22chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
This Court has recognized that "[t]he fear of [the victim] that her father would kill her and the other members of her family, should she report the incident to her mother or the police, is not so unbelievable nor is it contrary to human experience."23 Here, the constant fear towards Quirino was actually not experienced by AAA alone. BBB testified that prior to November 2002, he already noticed a sign that his sister was a victim of sexual molestation as she always cried whenever her father approached her.24 Despite this observation, he did not do anything.25cralawred He also confirmed that AAA did not file a complaint because she was afraid.26 Similarly, AAA stated that when she informed GGG, the latter did not do anything as she was also afraid.27chanrobleslaw

Delay in reporting an incident of rape due to death threats does not affect the credibility of the complainant, nor can it be taken against her because the charge of rape is rendered doubtful only if the delay was unreasonable and unexplained.28 In this case, AAA testified that it took her almost a year to report the July and September 1992 incidents to her paternal grandmother because she could not go to the latter's house as Quirino was always guarding her at the time.29 Likewise, when she was working as a saleslady of a certain Nick Chua in Calapan public market, her father would always fetch her from work, already at the store upon its closing.30 BBB corroborated this, attesting that AAA was regularly scolded by Quirino and that she was never allowed to go out of the house alone.31chanrobleslaw

The fact that AAA resolved to still remain under the same roof with their father does not weaken the rape charges. Following the second incident, the eldest of her siblings, EEE, arrived from Manila and stayed in their house;32 hence, possibly providing temporary security. More importantly, there was a real threat to the lives of her remaining younger brothers and sister, which she did not tell them due to their minority.33 Lastly, after running away for four years, she returned to Calapan because she did not expect that her father would repeat the same ruthless act, mistakenly thinking that he already reformed himself.34chanrobleslaw

The direct, positive and categorical testimony of the prosecution witnesses, absent any showing of ill-motive, prevails over the defense of denial.35 Like alibi, denial is an inherently weak and easily fabricated defense.36 It is a self-serving negative evidence that cannot be given greater weight than the stronger and more trustworthy affirmative testimony of a credible witness.37 In the present case, there is no showing of any improper motive on the part of AAA and the other witnesses for the prosecution to falsely testify against Quirino. In fact, he admitted in open court that, both BBB and CCC did not receive any admonition or scolding from him.38 Hence, the logical conclusion is that no such improper motive exists and that their testimonies are worthy of full faith and credence.

Quirino alleged that he did not have a good relationship with his children since he had been castigating them for leaving the house without his permission and doing things that they wanted.39 He claimed that he does not know exactly how many times AAA left the house from 1992 to 2002.40 These will not suffice. Alleged motives of family feuds, resentment, or revenge are not uncommon defenses, and have never swayed the Court from lending full credence to the testimony of a complainant who remained steadfast throughout her direct and cross-examinations.41 Besides, no woman would cry rape, allow an examination of her private parts, subject herself (and even her entire family) to humiliation, go through the rigors of public trial, and taint her good name if her claim were not true.42chanrobleslaw

As the lower courts found, Quirino's defenses are weak and unconvincing. While he denied the charges against him, he failed to produce any material and competent evidence to controvert the same and justify an acquittal. He neither established his presence in another place at the time of the commission of the offense and the physical impossibility for him to be at the scene of the crime nor presented a single witness to stand in his favor.43chanrobleslaw

Finally, the CA correctly imposed the penalty of reclusion perpetua without eligibility for parole. Criminal Cases No. C-03-7163 to 7164 occurred in 1992, while Criminal Case No. C-03-7165 transpired in 2002. At the time, the law in force44 provided for the penalty of reclusion perpetua to death whenever the crime of rape is committed with the use of a deadly weapon. Considering that the aggravating circumstance of relationship between AAA and Quirino was sufficiently alleged in the Information and proven during the trial, the rape would have warranted the imposition of death penalty. However, when the RTC promulgated its Decision in 2009, Republic Act No. 9346 already prohibited the imposition of death sentence. In lieu thereof, the penalty of reclusion perpetua shall be imposed. Consequently, the trial court penalized Quirino to three (3) reclusion perpetua. As amended by the CA, pursuant to Section 3 of R.A. No. 9346, he is also no longer eligible for parole.45chanrobleslaw

With respect to the monetary awards granted to AAA, We modify. The fairly recent case of People v. Ireneo Jugueta46 held that where the penalty imposed is death but reduced to reclusion perpetua because of R.A. No. 9346, the civil indemnity ex delicto, moral damages, and exemplary damages shall be in the amount of P100,000.00 each. Further, interest at the rate of six percent (6%) per annum is imposed on all the amounts awarded, from the date of finality of this judgment until the damages are fully paid.47chanrobleslaw

WHEREFORE, premises considered, the instant appeal is DISMISSED. The February 6, 2012 Decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CR-H.C. No. 04148, which sustained with modification the May 7, 2009 Joint Decision of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 40, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro, in Criminal Cases No. C-03-7163 to C-03-7165, convicting appellant Quirino Balmes y Cleofe of three (3) counts of rape and imposing the penalty of reclusion perpetua for each count, without eligibility for parole, under Republic Act No. 9346 is hereby AFFIRMED WITH THE MODIFICATION that Quirino Balmes should pay AAA the amount of P100,000.00 as civil indemnity ex delicto, P100,000.00 as moral damages, and P100,000.00 as exemplary damages. In addition, interest at the rate of six percent (6%) per annum is imposed on all the amounts awarded, from the date of finality of this judgment until the damages are fully paid.

SO ORDERED.chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Velasco, Jr., (Chairperson), Perez, Reyes, and Leonen,*JJ., concur.

Endnotes:


* Designated Additional Member in lieu of Associate Justice Francis H. Jardeleza, per Raffle dated September 22, 2014.

1 Penned by Associate Justice Rodil V. Zalameda, with Associate Justices Rebecca De Guia-Salvador and Normandic B. Pizarro, concurring; rollo, pp. 2-21.

2 CA rollo, pp. 55-64.

3 Records (Folder I), p. 1

4Id. (Folder II) at 1.

5Id. (Folder III) at 1.

6Id. (Folder I) at 24-25.

7Id. at 132.

8 TSN, February 2, 2004, pp. 20-21.

9 TSN, November 12, 2003, p. 16.

10 At the time, BBB and GGG were attending Flores de Mayo; EEE was in Kuwait; FFF was in Manila; and HHH stowed away to a place unknown to AAA; TSN, November 13, 2003, pp. 4-5.

11 CA rollo, p. 64.

12Id. at 20.

13Rollo, pp. 33-36.

14Id. at 37-40.

15People v. Padilla, 617 Phil. 170, 183 (2009); People v. Lopez, 617 Phil. 733, 744 (2009); and People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016.

16People v. Padilla, supra.

17People v. Lopez, supra note 15, at 744; People v. Madsali, et al., 625 Phil. 431, 451 (2010); and People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016.

18People v. Padilla, supra note 15, at 182-183.

19Id. at 183; People v. Madsali, et al., supra note 17, at 447; and People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016.

20People v. Madsali, et al., supra note 17, at 447.

21People v. Padilla, supra note 15, at 184.

22People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016.

23People v. Prodenciado, G.R. No. 192232, December 10, 2014 (Resolution).

24 TSN, March 28, 2007, pp. 11-12.

25cralawred Id. at 11.

26Id. at 13.

27 TSN, February 2, 2004, p. 17.

28People v. Madsali, et al., supra note 17, at 443.

29 TSN, February 2, 2004, p. 23.

30Id. at 25-27.

31 TSN, November 2, 2007, p. 4.

32 TSN, November 12, 2003, p. 14.

33 TSN, February 2, 2004, pp. 19, 27-28.

34Id. at 23; TSN, November 13, 2003, p. 24.

35People v. Padilla, supra note 15, at 185; People v. Madsali, et al., supra note 17, at 446; and People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016.

36People v. Madsali, et al., supra note 17, at 446 and People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10. 2016.

37People v. Lopez, supra note 15, at 745 and People v. Madsali, et al., supra note 17, at 446.

38 TSN, September 1, 2008, pp. 8-9.

39Id. at 4-6.

40Id. at 6-7.

41People v. Prodenciado, G.R. No. 192232, December 10, 2014 (Resolution).

42People v. Padilla, supra note 15, at 184.

43 See People v. Villamor, G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016.

44 Revised Penal Code, as amended by Republic Act No. 7659 and Republic Act No. 8353.

45 See People v. Lopez, supra note 15, at 746.

46 G.R. No. 202124, April 5, 2016.

47 Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Monetary Board Circular No. 799, Series of 2013, effective July 1, 2013, in Nacar v. Gallery Frames, 716 Phil. 267, 483 (2013). See also People v. Edgardo Perez, G.R. No. 208071, March 9, 2016.



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  • G.R. No. 211212, June 08, 2016 - SUN LIFE OF CANADA (PHILIPPINES), INC., Petitioner, v. MA. DAISY'S. SIBYA, JESUS MANUEL S. SIBYA III, JAIME LUIS S. SIBYA, AND THE ESTATE OF THE DECEASED ATTY. JESUS SIBYA, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208646, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. LORETO SONIDO Y CORONEL, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 207517, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RAUL AMARO Y CATUBAY ALIAS "LALAKS," Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 200081, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDGARDO T. CRUZ, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 194605, June 14, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MARIANO OANDASAN, JR., Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 214440, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ALEX MENDEZ RAFOLS, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217732, June 15, 2016 - EMILIO S. AGCOLICOL, JR., Petitioner, v. JERWIN CASIÑO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 172352, June 08, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. ALFREDO HABABAG, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, CONSOLACION, AND CHILDREN, NAMELY: MANUEL, SALVADOR, WILSON, JIMMY, ALFREDO, JR., AND JUDITH, ALL SURNAMED HABABAG, Respondents.; G.R. NOS. 172387-88 - ALFREDO HABABAG, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, CONSOLACION, AND CHILDREN, NAMELY: MANUEL, SALVADOR, WILSON, JIMMY, ALFREDO, JR., AND JUDITH, ALL SURNAMED HABABAG, Petitioners, v. LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215994, June 06, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN AND FIELD INVESTIGATION OFFICE, Petitioner, v. ROLANDO B. FALLER, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11069, June 08, 2016 - RONALDO C. FACTURAN, Complainant, v. PROSECUTOR ALFREDO L. BARCELONA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208475, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MANUEL REBANUEL Y NADERA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 168749, June 06, 2016 - SUGARSTEEL INDUSTRIAL, INC. AND MR. BEN YAPJOCO, Petitioners, v. VICTOR ALBINA, VICENTE UY AND ALEX VELASQUEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 160071, June 06, 2016 - ANDREW D. FYFE, RICHARD T. NUTTALL, AND RICHARD J. WALD, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 217943, June 06, 2016 - J. MELLIZA ESTATE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS DIRECTOR, ATTY. RAFAEL S. VILLANUEVA, Petitioner, v. ROSENDO SIMOY, GREGORIO SIMOY AND CONSEJO SIMOY, Respondents.

  • G. R. No. 185169, June 15, 2016 - HEIRS OF CATALINO DACANAY, HIS WIFE ERLINDA DACANAY, THEIR CHILDREN AURORA D. CONSTANTINO AND REYNALDO DACANAY; LOLITA DACANAY VDA. DE PARASO; HEIRS OF SOLEDAD APOSTOL, NAMELY: HER HUSBAND LEONARDO CAGUIOA, THEIR CHILDREN AMALIA, DANILO, RONALD, MARLENE, ROBERT, ROLDAN, THELMA AND TERESA, ALL SURNAMED CAGUIOA, Petitioners, v. JUAN SIAPNO, JR., MARIO RILLON, SPOUSES JOSE TAN AND LETICIA DY TAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201016, June 22, 2016 - LEONCIA A. YUMANG, Petitioner, v. RADIO PHILIPPINES NETWORK, INC. (RPN 9), MIA A. CONCIO, LEONOR C. LINAO, IDA BARRAMEDA AND LOURDES O. ANGELES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189401, June 15, 2016 - VIL-REY PLANNERS AND BUILDERS, Petitioners, v. LEXBER, INC., Respondent.; G.R. NO. 189447 - LEXBER, INC., Petitioner, v. STRONGHOLD INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203057, June 06, 2016 - BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE AS REPRESENTED BY THE COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. MANILA HOME TEXTILE, INC, THELMA LEE AND SAMUEL LE,E, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 204769, June 06, 2016 - MAGSAYSAY MARITIME CORP., CSCS BMTERNATIONAL NV AND/OR MARLON* RONO, Petitioners, v. RODEL A. CRUZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203336, June 06, 2016 - SPOUSES GERARDO AND CORAZON TRINIDAD, Petitioners, v. FAMA REALTY, INC. AND FELIX ASSAD, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208524, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. BERNARDINO PERALTAJ MORILLO AND MICHAEL AMBAS Y REYES, Accused, BERNARDINO PERALTA Y MORILLO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 209038, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RONALD BACALAN GABUYA AND RYANNEAL MENESES GIRON, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 197393, June 15, 2016 - PHILIPPINE SAVINGS BANK, Petitioner, v. MANUEL P. BARRERA, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11246, June 14, 2016 - ARNOLD PACAO, Complainant, v. ATTY. SINAMAR LIMOS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 181353, June 06, 2016 - HGL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, HENRY G. LIM, Petitioner, v. HON. RAFAEL O. PENUELA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS ACTING PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, 6TH JUDICIAL REGION, BRANCH 13, CULASI, ANTIQUE AND SEMIRARA COAL CORPORATION (NOW SEMIRARA MINING CORPORATION), Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 217575, June 15, 2016 - SOUTH COTABATO COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION AND GAUVAIN J. BENZONAN, Petitioners, v. HON. PATRICIA STO. TOMAS, SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ROLANDO FABRIGAR, MERLYN VELARDE, VINCE LAMBOC, FELIPE GALINDO, LEONARDO MIGUEL, JULIUS RUBIN, EDEL RODEROS, MERLYN COLIAO, AND EDGAR JOPSON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213919, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. VIRGILIO A. QUIM, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203152, June 20, 2016 - GEORGIA ROYO ADLAWAN, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS SURVIVING SPOUSE OF ALFONSO V. ADLAWAN, Petitioner, v. NICETAS I. JOAQUINO, FLORENCIA J. SON, EUSTOLIA J. MATA, BEATRIZ J. SATIRA, TERESA J. BERMEJO, CORAZON J. COGINA, MARIA J. NOVAL AND VISITACION J. DELA TORRE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 193075, June 20, 2016 - EMMANUEL REYES, SR. AND MUTYA M. REYES, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF DEOGRACIAS FORLALES, NAMELY: NAPOLEON FORLALES, LITA HELEN FORLALES-FRADEJAS, JAIME FORLALES, JR., JULIUS FORLALES FORTUNA, HORACE FORLALES, GALAHAD FORLALES, JR., INDEPENDENCE FORLALES-FETALVERO, MELITON FORLALES, JR., MILAGROS V. FORLALES AND MERCEDES FORLALES-BAUTISTA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208146, June 08, 2016 - VIRGINIA DIO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND TIMOTHY DESMOND, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208586, June 22, 2016 - HEIRS OF DATU MAMALINDING MAGAYOONG, REPRESENTED BY DR. MAIMONA MAGAYOONG-PANGARUNGAN WITH HER SPOUSE DATU SA MARAWI RASID PANGARUNGAN, AND DR. ANISHA* MAGAYOONG-MACABATO WITH HER SPOUSE DATU KHALIQUZZAMAN MACABATO, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF CATAMANAN MAMA, REPRESENTED BY HASAN MAMA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189516, June 08, 2016 - EDNA MABUGAY-OTAMIAS, JEFFREN M. OTAMIAS AND MINOR JEMWEL M. OTAMIAS, REPRESENTED BY THEIR MOTHER EDNA MABUGAY-OTAMIAS, Petitioners, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY COL. VIRGILIO O. DOMINGO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE PENSION AND GRATUITY MANAGEMENT CENTER (PGMC) OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214122, June 08, 2016 - AUTOZENTRUM ALABANG, INC., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES MIAMAR A. BERNARDO AND GENARO F. BERNARDO, JR., DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY, ASIAN CARMAKERS CORPORATION, AND BAYERISHE MOTOREN WERKE (BMW) A.G., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195382, June 15, 2016 - ORION WATER DISTRICT, REPRESENTED BY ITS GENERAL MANAGER, CRISPIN Q. TRIA, ET AL., Petitioner, v. THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (GSIS), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201584, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. APOLONIO "TOTONG" AVILA Y ALECANTE, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 210936, June 28, 2016 - TEODORO B. CRUZ, JR., MELCHOR M. ALONZO, AND WILFREDO P. ALDAY, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196329, June 01, 2016 - PABLO B. ROMAN, JR., AND ATTY. MATIAS V. DEFENSOR, AS OFFICERS OF THE CAPITOL HILLS GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, INC., Petitioners, v. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, ATTY. FRANKLIN I. CUETO, ATTY. EMMANUEL Y. ARTIZA AND MANUEL C. BALDEO, AS MEMBERS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE; JUSTINA F. CALLANGAN, AS DIRECTOR OF THE CORPORATION FINANCE DEPARTMENT; ATTY. NARCISO T. ATIENZA, EUSEBIO A. ABAQUIN, ATTY. CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS, SR., ATTY. CLODUALDO ANTONIO R. DE JESUS, JR., ATTY. IRENEO T. AGUIRRE, JR., SUNDAY O. PINEDA, PORFIRIO M. FLORES, AND ATTY. ZOSIMO PADRO, JR., Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 7330, June 14, 2016 - JUDGE GREGORIO D. PANTANOSAS, JR., Complainant, v. ATTY. ELLY L. PAMATONG, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211604, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DARYL POLONIO Y TUANGCAY, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203932, June 08, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. ENRIQUE LIGAN, EDUARDO MAGDARAOG, JOLITO OLIVEROS, RICHARD GONCER, EMELITO SOCO, VIRGILIO P. CAMPOS, JR., LORENZO BUTANAS, RAMEL BERNARDES, NELSON M. DULCE, CLEMENTE R. LUMAYNO, ARTHUR M. CAPIN, ALLAN BENTUZAL, AND JEFFREY LLENES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209344, June 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JAIME BRIOSO ALIAS TALAP-TALAP, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206294, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CERILO "ILOY" ILOGON, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.C. No. 9871, June 29, 2016 - IN RE: A.M. NO. 04-7-373-RTC [REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 60, BARILI, CEBU] AND A.M. NO. 04-7-374-RTC [VIOLATION OF JUDGE ILDEFONSO SUERTE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 60, BARILI, CEBU OF ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 36-2004 DATED MARCH 3, 2004], PROSECUTOR MARY ANN T. CASTRO-ROA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210673, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. GILBERT CABALLERO Y GARSOLA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206880, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ENRIQUE MIRANDA, JR. Y PAÑA @ "ERIKA" AND ALVIN ALGA Y MIRANDA @ "ALVIN," Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 205871, June 27, 2016 - RUEL TUANO Y HERNANDEZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 207231, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ROGER GALAGATI Y GARDOCE, Appellant.

  • G.R. Nos. 183200-01, June 29, 2016 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND/OR PAUL AQUINO AND ESTER R. GUERZON, Petitioners, v. AMELYN A. BUENVIAJE, Respondent.; G.R. Nos. 183253 & 183257 - AMELYN A. BUENVIAJE, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PAUL A. AQUINO AND ESTER R. GUERZON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219468, June 08, 2016 - JOSE BURGOS, JR., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ELADIO SJ. NAVAL AND ARLINA B. NAVAL, AND AMALIA B. NAVAL, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 194664, June 15, 2016 - FLORITA LIAM, Petitioner, v. UNITED COCONUT PLANTERS BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194235, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JAY GREGORIO Y AMAR @ "JAY," ROLANDO ESTRELLA Y RAYMUNDO @ "BONG," DANILO BERGONIA Y ALELENG @ "DANNY," EFREN GASCON Y DELOS SANTOS @ "EFREN," RICARDO SALAZAR Y GO @ "ERIC," AND JOHN DOE, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 187696, June 15, 2016 - FILOMENA CABLING, Petitioner, v. RODRIGO DANGCALAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211065, June 15, 2016 - HEIRS OF JOSE EXTREMADURA, REPRESENTED BY ELENA H. EXTREMADURA, Petitioners, v. MANUEL EXTREMADURA AND MARLON EXTREMADURA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190876, June 15, 2016 - YELLOW BUS LINE EMPLOYEES UNION (YBLEU), Petitioner, v. YELLOW BUS LINE, INC. (YBLI), Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8677, June 15, 2016 - MARITA CABAS, Petitioner, v. ATTY. RIA NINA L. SUSUSCO AND CHIEF CITY PROSECUTOR EMELIE FE DELOS SANTOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196557, June 15, 2016 - GREGORIO "TONGEE" BALAIS, JR., Petitioner, v. SE'LON BY AIMEE, AMELITA REVILLA AND ALMA BELARMINO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195224, June 15, 2016 - VIRGINIA JABALDE Y JAMANDRON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199422, June 21, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. KEPCO ILIJAN CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189851, June 22, 2016 - INTEC CEBU INC., AKIHIKO KAMBAYASHI AND WATARU SATO, Petitioners, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ROWENA REYES, ROWENA ODIONG, HYDEE AYUDA, TERESITA BERIDO, CRISTINA LABAPIZ, GEMMA JUMAO-AS, SIGMARINGA BAROLO, LIGAYA B. ANADON, DONALINE DELA TORRE, JOY P. LOMOD, JACQUELINE A. FLORES, SUSAN T. ALIÑO, ANALYN P. ABALLE, CAROLINE A. LABATOS, LENITH F. ROMANO, LEONILA B. FLORES, CECILIA G. PAPELLERO, AGNES C. CASIO, VIOLETA O. MATCHETE, CANDIDA I. CRUJIDO, CLAUDIA B. CUTAMORA, ROSALIE R. POLICIOS, GENELYN C. MUÑEZ, ALOME MIGUE, ELSIE ALCOS, LYDIALYN B. GODINEZ AND MYRNA S. LOGAOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214503, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RICO ENRIQUEZ Y CRUZ, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 181369, June 22, 2016 - TALA REALTY SERVICES CORP., INC., PEDRO B. AGUIRRE, REMEDIOS A. DUPASQUIER, DOLLY LIM, RUBENCITO M. DEL MUNDO AND ELIZABETH H. PALMA, Petitioners, v. BANCO FILIPINO SAVINGS & MORTGAGE BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170966, June 22, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Petitioner, v. ALBERTO LOOYUKO, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE OF NOAH'S ARK SUGAR HOLDINGS AND WILSON T. GO, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 9226 (Formerly CBD 06-1749), June 14, 2016 - MA. CECILIA CLARISSA C, ADVINCULA, Complainant, v. ATTY. LEONARDO C. ADVINCULA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214473, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EMETERIO MEDINA Y DAMO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 208393, June 15, 2016 - CITY OF TAGUIG, Petitioner, v. CITY OF MAKATI, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9574, June 21, 2016 - MYRNA M. DEVEZA, Complainant, v. ATTY. ALEXANDER M. DEL PRADO, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3459 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-4119-P], June 21, 2016 - ATTY. JOSELITA C. MALIBAGO-SANTOS, CLERK OF COURT VI, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, ANTIPOLO CITY, RIZAL, Complainant, v. JUANITO B. FRANCISCO, JR., SHERIFF IV, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT [OCC], REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, ANTIPOLO CITY, RIZAL, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200072, June 20, 2016 - PHILIP YU, Petitioner, v. VIVECA LIM YU, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 183543, June 20, 2016 - NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. MANILA SEEDLING BANK FOUNDATION, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-16-1877 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-2635-MTJ), June 13, 2016 - MOAMAR PANGANDAG, Complainant, v. PRESIDING JUDGE OTTOWA B. ABINAL, 8TH MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT IN MULONDO, MAGUING, LUMBA-BAYABAO, AND TARAKA, LANAO DEL SUR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 154069, June 06, 2016 - INTERPORT RESOURCES CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. SECURITIES SPECIALIST, INC., AND R.C. LEE SECURITIES INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 193455, June 13, 2016 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF GREGORIO RAMORAN, NAMELY: DELFIN R. PINEDA, ESPERANZA PINEDA MAGPALI, DIGNA PINEDA ARZADON, CARIDAD R. PINEDA, IMELDA ZIAPNO, TERESITA PINEDA DELFIN, ESTER R. PINEDA, FE Y. UZON, PACENCIA ERFE VERSOZA, IMPRESSION V. CLEMENTE, ALL REPRESENTED BY DELFIN R. PINEDA, ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, Respondents.; SPOUSES ARNULFO R. VERSOZA AND PRISCILLA M. VERSOZA; SPOUSES DOMINGO AND DOMINGA GOMEZ; AND ERLINDA GOMEZ-OCAY, IN HER BEHALF AND IN BEHALF OF CARLITO, MEDELINA, ANGELISTA, SILVERA, LOLITA, & ROMBERTO, ALL SURNAMED GOMEZ, Intervenor-Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 183794, June 13, 2016 - SPOUSES JAIME AND MATILDE POON, Petitioners, v. PRIME SAVINGS BANK REPRESENTED BY THE PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION AS STATUTORY LIQUIDATOR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 190644, June 13, 2016 - NDC TAGUM FOUNDATION, INC., ANITA B. SOMOSO, AND LIDA U. NATAVIO, Petitioners, v. EVELYN B. SUMAKOTE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208205, June 01, 2016 - ATTY. ROMEO G. ROXAS, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC REAL ESTATE CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. No. 208212 - REPUBLIC REAL ESTATE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188829, June 13, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, HON. RAUL S. GONZALEZ, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, HON. ALIPIO F. FERNANDEZ, JR., IN HIS CAPACITY AS COMMISSIONER OF THE BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, HON. ARTHEL B. CAROÑONGAN, HON. TEODORO B. DELARMENTE, HON. JOSE D. CABOCHAN, AND HON. FRANKLIN Z. LITTAUA, IN THEIR CAPACITY AS MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, Petitioners, v. DAVONN MAURICE C. HARP, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 197122, June 15, 2016 - INGRID SALA SANTAMARIA AND ASTRID SALA BOZA, Petitioners, v. THOMAS CLEARY, Respondent.; G.R. No. 197161 - KATHRYN GO-PEREZ, Petitioner, v. THOMAS CLEARY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213054, June 15, 2016 - TERESITA TAN, Petitioner, v. JOVENCIO F. CINCO, SIMON LORI HOLDINGS, INC., PENTACAPITAL INVESTMENT CORPORATION, FORTUNATO G. PE, RAYMUNDO G. PE, JOSE REVILLA REYES, JR., AND DEPUTY SHERIFF ROMMEL IGNACIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214901, June 15, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. APOLONIO KHO, REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: PERLA LUZ, KRYPTON, KOSELL, KYRIN, AND KELVIN, ALL SURNAMED KHO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211015, June 20, 2016 - CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHT COMPANY, INC. (CEPALCO) AND CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES CORPORATION (CESCO), FORMERLY CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES & TRADING CORPORATION (CESTCO), Petitioners, v. CEPALCO EMPLOYEE'S LABOR UNION-ASSOCIATED LABOR UNIONS-TRADE UNION CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (TUCP), Respondent.; G.R. No. 213835 - CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHT COMPANY, INC. (CEPALCO) AND CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES CORPORATION (CESCO), FORMERLY CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES & TRADING CORPORATION (CESTCO), Petitioners, v. CEPALCO EMPLOYEE'S LABOR UNION-ASSOCIATED LABOR UNIONS-TRADE UNION CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (TUCP), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215348, June 20, 2016 - ELDEFONSO G. DEL ROSARIO AND JOSEFINO R. ORTIZ, Petitioners, v. CRISTINA OCAMPO-FERRER, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203527, June 27, 2016 - SPS. AURELIO HITEROZA AND CYNTHIA HITEROZA, Petitioners, v. CHARITO S. CRUZADA, PRESIDENT AND CHAIRMAN, CHRIST'S ACHIEVERS MONTESSORI, INC., AND CHRIST'S ACHIEVERS MONTESSORI, INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212960, June 08, 2016 - SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA GENERAL OFFSET PRESS, INC., Petitioner, v. GENERAL OFFSET PRESS, INC., JUANITA TIU AND JOJI TIU, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 210565, June 28, 2016 - EMMANUEL D. QUINTANAR, BENJAMIN O. DURANO, CECILIO C. DELAVIN, RICARDO G GABORNI, ROMEL G GERARMAN, JOEL JOHN P. AGUILAR, RAMIRO T. GAVIOLA, RESTITUTO D. AGSALUD, MARTIN E. CELIS, PATRICIO L. ARIOS, MICHAEL S. BELLO, LORENZO C. QUINLOG, JUNNE G. BLAYA, SANTIAGO B. TOLENTINO, JR., NESTOR A. MAGNAYE, ARNOLD S. POLVORIDO, ALLAN A. AGAPITO, ARIEL E. BAUMBAD, JOSE T. LUTIVA, EDGARDO G. TAPALLA, ROLDAN C. CADAYONA, REYNALDO V. ALBURO, RUDY C. ULTRA, MARCELO R. CABILI, ARNOLD B. ASIATEN, REYMUNDO R. MACABALLUG, JOEL R. DELEÑA, DANILO T. OQUIÑO, GREG B. CAPARAS AND ROMEO T. ESCARTIN, Petitioners, v. COCA-COLA BOTTLERS, PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 191087, June 29, 2016 - DELIA L. BELITA, SALVADOR ILARDE, JR., GENEVIEVE BELITA, MA. CHERYL DAVA, BRAULIO LEDESMA, JR., FLORENCE B. OLSEN, KATHY GERMENTIL, ROSITA ESTUART, ARDELIZA LIM, ELSA RAFANAN, ERLINDA V. GAERLAN, PERLA FERNANDEZ, DELBEN "NOY" BELITA AND JOSEPH AVACILLA, Petitioners, v. ANTONIO S. SY, ROBERTO CARONAN, WILFREDO CIRIACO, NORMA S. WONG, SONIA C. BENERO, MARIA L. PINEDA AND CRISTINA V. CARAMOL, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 204264, June 29, 2016 - JENNEFER FIGUERA, AS SUBSTITUTED BY ENHANCE VISA SERVICES, INC., REPRESENTED BY MA. EDEN R. DUMONT, Petitioner, v. MARIA REMEDIOS ANG, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205544, June 29, 2016 - MUNICIPALITY OF CORDOVA, PROVINCE OF CEBU; THE SANGGUNIANG BAYAN OF CORDOVA; AND THE MAYOR OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF CORDOVA, Petitioners, v. PATHFINDER DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND TOPANGA DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 206484, June 29, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS (DOTC), Petitioner, v. SPOUSES VICENTE ABECINA AND MARIA CLEOFE ABECINA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 210761, June 28, 2016 - KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON, ELMER LABOG; NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNIONS-KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS VICE-PRESIDENTS, REDEN ALCANTARA AND ARNOLD DELA CRUZ, CENTER FOR TRADE UNION AND HUMAN RIGHTS (CTUHR), REPRESENTED BY ITS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR DAISY ARAGO, VIRGINIA FLORES AND VIOLETA ESPIRITU, Petitioners, v. HON. BENIGNO SIMEON C. AQUINO III, AND PHILIPPINE HEALTH INSURANCE CORPORATION (PHIC), Respondents; MIGRANTE INTERNATIONAL, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON GARRY MARTINEZ, CONNIE BRAGAS-REGALADO, PARALUMAN CATUIRA, UNITED FILIPINOS IN HONGKONG (UNIFIL-HK), AND SOLEDAD PILLAS, Petitioners-in-Intervention.

  • G.R. No. 188020, June 27, 2016 - REN TRANSPORT CORP. AND/OR REYNALDO PAZCOGUIN III, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (2ND DIVISION), SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA REN TRANSPORT-ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC LABOR ASSOCIATIONS (SMART-ADLO) REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT NESTOR FULMINAR, Respondents.; G.R. No. 188252 - SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA REN TRANSPORT-ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC LABOR ASSOCIATIONS (SMART-ADLO) REPRESENTED BY NESTOR FULMINAR, Petitioner, v. REN TRANSPORT CORP. AND/OR REYNALDO PAZCOGUIN III, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208759, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DIONE BARBERAN AND DIONE DELOS SANTOS, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 209714, June 21, 2016 - RAPHAEL C. FONTANILLA, Petitioner, v. THE COMMISSIONER PROPER, COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10465, June 08, 2016 - SPOUSES LAMBERTO V. EUSTAQUIO AND GLORIA J. EUSTAQUIO, Complainants, v. ATTY. EDGAR R. NAVALES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203458, June 06, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. QUIRINO BALMES Y CLEOFE, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203924, June 29, 2016 - ROGER CABUHAT AND CONCHITA CABUHAT, Petitioners, v. DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY MANAGER PERLA L. FAVILA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211141, June 29, 2016 - HILARIO DASCO, REYMIR PARAFINA, RICHARD PARAFINA, EDILBERTO ANIA, MICHAEL ADANO, JAIME BOLO, RUBEN E. GULA, ANTONIO CUADERNO AND JOVITO CATANGUI, Petitioners, v. PHILTRANCO SERVICE ENTERPRISES INC/CENTURION SOLANO, MANAGER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211526, June 29, 2016 - PMI-FACULTY AND EMPLOYEES UNION, Petitioner, v. PMI COLLEGES BOHOL, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 184666, June 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. MEGA PACIFIC ESOLUTIONS, INC., WILLY U. YU, BONNIE S. YU, ENRIQUE T. TANSIPEK, ROSITA Y. TANSIPEK, PEDRO O. TAN, JOHNSON W. FONG, BERNARD I. FONG, AND *LAURIANO A. BARRIOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208383, June 08, 2016 - FIRST MEGA HOLDINGS CORP., Petitioner, v. GUIGUINTO WATER DISTRICT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 186050, June 21, 2016 - ARTHUR BALAO, WINSTON BALAO, NONETTE BALAO, JONILYN BALAO-STRUGAR, AND BEVERLY LONGID, Petitioners, v. EDUARDO ERMITA, GILBERTO TEODORO, RONALDO PUNO, NORBERTO GONZALES, GEN. ALEXANDER YANO, GEN. JESUS VERZOSA, BRIG. GEN. REYNALDO MAPAGU, LT. P/DIR. EDGARDO DOROMAL, MAJ. GEN. ISAGANI CACHUELA, COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE AFP-ISU BASED IN BAGUIO CITY, PSS EUGENE MARTIN, AND SEVERAL JOHN DOES, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 186059 - EDUARDO SECRETARY TEODORO, RONALDO SECRETARY GONZALES, SECRETARY ERMITA, GILBERTO SECRETARY PUNO, NORBERTO GEN. ALEXANDER YANO, P/DGEN. JESUS VERZOSA, BRIG. GEN. REYNALDO MAPAGU, MAJ. GEN. ISAGANI CACHUELA, AND POL. SR. SUPT. EUGENE MARTIN, Petitioners, v. ARTHUR BALAO, WINSTON JARDELEZA, AND BALAO, NONETTE BALAO, CAGUIOA, JJ. JONILYN BALAO-STRUGAR, AND BEVERLY LONGID, Respondents.**

  • G.R. No. 203538, June 27, 2016 - ARTEX DEVELOPMENT CO., INC., Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ATTY. MARISSA E. TIMONES, ERLINDA O. MARTEJA, ELIMAR N. JOSE, AND ATTY. LUIS Y. DEL MUNDO, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202830, June 20, 2016 - SPOUSES ADRIANO SALISE AND NATIVIDAD PAGUDAR, SPOUSES TEODORO VIRTUDAZO AND NECITAS SALISE, JEROME G. DIOLANTO, SPOUSES EULALIO D. DAMASING AND POTENCIANA LABIA, SPOUSES FRANCISCO AND SIMPLICIA BABAYA-ON, SPOUSES RUFINO BUTIHIN AND CECILIA CAGNO, SPOUSES EFITACIO G. PAMISA AND VIRGELIA VIRTUDAZO, DELFIN B. SARINAS, SPOUSES FELIPE C. VIRTUDAZO, JR. AND GRACE TUTO, SPOUSES ANGEL BARBOSA AND FLORENCIA SALISE, SPOUSES FRANKLIN AND LEONORA PAMISA, SPOUSES MARCELO MANIQUE AND CECILIA CARBON, LARRY PAMISA, SPOUSES ENRIQUE CARBON AND ERLINDA SOMO, SPOUSES WILFREDO A. JUANILO AND MINDA VILLARMIA, SPOUSES FELIX REQUILME AND CERINA SALVO, SPOUSES CARLITO FABE AND EMELITA MANGGANA, LUIBEN MAGTO, SPOUSES SERAFIN AND LILIA SURIGAO, SPOUSES HILARIO BACABIS AND RETIFICACION DABLO, SPOUSES REYNALDO S. SALUCOT AND ANECITA DESCALLAR, SPOUSES HAGENIO PAUG AND EVELITA VIRTUDAZO, SPOUSES MAXIMO BORREZ AND VILMA SALISE, SPOUSES FELIMON V. SALVO, JR., EVA MACATOL AND RITA V. SALVO, Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM ADJUDICATION BOARD REGION X ADJUDICATOR ABETO SALCEDO, JR. AND RICARDO GACULA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202621, June 22, 2016 - ZAIDA R. INOCENTE, Petitioner, v. ST. VINCENT FOUNDATION FOR CHILDREN AND AGING, INC./VERONICA MENGUITO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209384, June 27, 2016 - URBANO F. ESTRELLA, Petitioner, v. PRISCILLA P. FRANCISCO, Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 185857-58, June 29, 2016 - TRIFONIA D. GABUTAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HER HEIRS, NAMELY: ERLINDA LLAMES, ELISA ASOK, PRIMITIVO GABUTAN, VALENTINA YANE; BUNA D. ACTUB, FELISIA TROCIO, CRISANTA D. UBAUB, AND TIRSO DALONDONAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: MADELYN D. REPOSAR AND JERRY DALONDONAN, MARY JANE GILIG, ALLAN UBAUB, AND SPOUSES NICOLAS & EVELYN DAILO, Petitioners, v. DANTE D. NACALABAN, HELEN N. MAANDIG, SUSAN N. SIAO, AND CAGAYAN CAPITOL COLLEGE, Respondents.; G.R. NOS. 194314-15 - DANTE D. NACALABAN, HELEN N. MAANDIG, AND SUSAN N. SIAO, AS HEIRS OF BALDOMERA D. VDA. DE NACALABAN, Petitioners, v. TRIFONIA D. GABUTAN, BUNA D. ACTUB, FELISIA D. TROCIO, CRISANTA D. UBAUB, AND TIRSO DALONDONAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: MADELYN D. REPOSAR AND JERRY DALONDONAN, MARY JANE GILIG, ALLAN UBAUB, AND SPOUSES NICOLAS & EVELYN DAILO, CAGAYAN CAPITOL COLLEGE, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, ATTY. CASIMIRO B. SUAREZ, JR., PRIVATE Respondent; HON. LEONCIA R. DIMAGIBA (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. PAUL L. HERNANDO (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. NINA G. ANTONIO-VALENZUELA (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. EDGARDO T. LLOREN (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), AND HON. JANE AURORA C. LANTION (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE, ACTING CHAIRMAN), COURT OF APPEALS, CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY (FORMER SPECIAL TWENTY-SECOND DIVISION), PUBLIC Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209794, June 27, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES JOSE AMAGAN AND AURORA AMAGAN, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE TRADE NAME AND STYLE "A & J SEAFOODS AND MARINE PRODUCTS," AND JOHN DOE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 163157, June 27, 2016 - SPOUSES BERNABE MERCADER, JR. AND LORNA JURADO MERCADER, OLIVER MERCADER, GERALDINE MERCADER AND ESRAMAY MERCADER, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES JESUS BARDILAS AND LETECIA GABUYA BARDILAS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215950, June 20, 2016 - TRIDHARMA MARKETING CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, SECOND DIVISION, AND THE COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 216452, June 20, 2016 - TING TRUCKING/MARY VIOLAINE A. TING, Petitioner, v. JOHN C. MAKILAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214399, June 28, 2016 - ARMANDO N. PUNCIA, Petitioner, v. TOYOTA SHAW/PASIG, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 166890, June 28, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. APOLONIO BAUTISTA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 218240, June 28, 2016 - ENGR. PABLITO S. PALUCA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE GENERAL MANAGER OF THE DIPOLOG CITY WATER DISTRICT, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212186, June 29, 2016 - ARIEL LOPEZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194065, June 20, 2016 - PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213582, June 28, 2016 - NYMPHA S. ODIAMAR,1 Petitioner, v. LINDA ODIAMAR VALENCIA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211269, June 15, 2016 - RUBEN E. TIU, Petitioner, v. HON. NATIVIDAD G. DIZON, ACTING CHAIRPERSON OF THE BOARD OF PARDONS AND PAROLE, HON. FRANKLIN JESUS BUCAYU, DIRECTOR OF THE BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS, HON. SECRETARY LEILA M. DE LIMA OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, HON. PAQUITO N. OCHOA JR., THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190506, June 13, 2016 - CORAL BAY NICKEL CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206528, June 28, 2016 - PHILIPPINE ASSET GROWTH TWO, INC. (SUCCESSOR-IN-INTEREST OF PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK) AND PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK, Petitioners, v. FASTECH SYNERGY PHILIPPINES, INC. (FORMERLY FIRST ASIA SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, INC.), FASTECH MICROASSEMBLY & TEST, INC., FASTECH ELECTRONIQUE, INC., AND FASTECH PROPERTIES, INC., Respondents.