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chanrobles.com - PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS - ON-LINE

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FIRST DIVISION




ROSA LIGAYA C. DOMINGO, ROMEO M. FERNANDEZ, VICTORIA S. ESTRADA, JULIETA C. FAJARDO, ADELAIDA B. GAWIRAN, MARCIANO M. SERVO, VICTORIA S. DAOANG, FELICIANO N. TOLEDO III, JAYNELYN D. FLORES, MA. LIZA B. LLOREN, ROMELIA A. CONTAPAY, MARIVIC B. TOLITOL, PAZ LEVITA G. VILLANUEVA, EDITHA C. HERNANDEZ, JOSE HERNANDEZ, JR., VERONICA C. BELLES, AMELITA S. BUCE, MERCELITA C. MARANAN, CRISTITUTO C. LLOREN, HERNANDO M. EVANGELISTA, AND CARLOS BACAY, JR.,
Petitioners,


G.R. No. 142283
February 6, 2003

- versus -



HON. RONALDO D. ZAMORA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, HON. ANDREW B. GONZALES, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE SECRETARY OF EDUCATION, AND HON. CARLOS D. TUASON, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE PHILIPPINE SPORTS COMMISSION,

Respondents.


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D E C I S I O N
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CARPIO, J.:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
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The Case

This is a Petition for Certiorari and prohibition [1] with prayer for temporary restraining order seeking to nullify Executive Order No. 81 and Memoranda Nos. 01592 and 01594. [2] The assailed executive order transferred the sports development programs and activities of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports ("DECS" for brevity) to the Philippine Sports Commission ("PSC" for brevity). The questioned memoranda ("DECS Memoranda" for brevity), on the other hand, reassigned all Bureau of Physical Education and School Sports ("BPESS" for brevity) personnel named in the DECS Memoranda to various offices within the DECS. chan robles virtual law library

The Facts

On March 5, 1999, former President Joseph E. Estrada issued Executive Order No. 81 [3] ("EO 81" for brevity) entitled "Transferring the Sports Programs and Activities of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports to the Philippine Sports Commission and Defining the Role of DECS in School-Based Sports." chan robles virtual law library

EO 81 provided thus: chan robles virtual law library

"Section 1. Transferring the Sports Program and Activities to the PSC. All the functions, programs and activities of DECS related to sports development as provided for in Sec. 16 of EO 117 (s. 1987) are hereby transferred to PSC. chan robles virtual law library

Section 2. Defining the Role of DECS in School-Based Sports. The DECS shall have jurisdiction and function over the enhancement of Physical Education (P.E.) curriculum and its application in whatever form inside schools. chan robles virtual law library

Section 3. The Role of PSC. As the primary agency tasked to formulate policies and oversee the national sports development program, the management and implementation of all school-based sports competitions among schools at the district, provincial, regional, national and international levels, in coordination with concerned public and private entities shall be transferred to the PSC." chan robles virtual law library

Pursuant to EO 81, former DECS Secretary Andrew B. Gonzales ("Secretary Gonzales" for brevity) issued Memorandum No. 01592 on January 10, 2000. Memorandum No. 01592 temporarily reassigned, in the exigency of the service, all remaining BPESS Staff to other divisions or bureaus of the DECS effective March 15, 2000. chan robles virtual law library

On January 21, 2000, Secretary Gonzales issued Memorandum No. 01594 reassigning the BPESS staff named in the Memorandum to various offices within the DECS effective March 15, 2000. Petitioners were among the BPESS personnel affected by Memorandum No. 01594. Dissatisfied with their reassignment, petitioners filed the instant petition.cralaw

In their Petition, petitioners argue that EO 81 is void and unconstitutional for being an undue legislation by President Estrada. Petitioners maintain that the President’s issuance of EO 81 violated the principle of separation of powers. Petitioners also challenge the DECS Memoranda for violating their right to security of tenure. chan robles virtual law library

Petitioners seek to nullify EO 81 and the DECS Memoranda. Petitioners pray that this Court prohibit the PSC from performing functions related to school sports development. Petitioners further pray that, upon filing of the petition, this Court issue a temporary restraining order against respondents to desist from implementing EO 81. chan robles virtual law library

During the pendency of the case, Republic Act No. 9155 ("RA 9155" for brevity), otherwise known as the "Governance of Basic Education Act of 2001", was enacted on August 11, 2001. RA 9155 expressly abolished the BPESS and transferred the functions, programs and activities of the DECS relating to sports competition to the PSC. The pertinent provision thereof reads: chan robles virtual law library

"SEC. 9. Abolition of BPESS. - All functions, programs and activities of the Department of Education related to sports competition shall be transferred to the Philippine Sports Commission (PSC). The Program for school sports and physical fitness shall remain part of the basic education curriculum. chan robles virtual law library

The Bureau of Physical Education and School Sports (BPESS) is hereby abolished. The personnel of the BPESS, presently detailed with the PSC, are hereby transferred to the PSC without loss of rank, including the plantilla positions they occupy. All other BPESS personnel shall be retained by the Department." chan robles virtual law library

The Issue

The issue to resolve is whether EO 81 and the DECS Memoranda are valid. chan robles virtual law library

The Court’s Ruling

We dismiss this petition for being moot and academic. chan robles virtual law library

As manifested by both petitioners [4] and respondents, [5] the subsequent enactment of RA 9155 has rendered the issues in the present case moot and academic. Since RA 9155 abolished the BPESS and transferred the DECS’ functions relating to sports competition to the PSC, petitioners now admit that "it is no longer plausible to raise any ultra vires assumption by the PSC of the functions of the BPESS." [6] Moreover, since RA 9155 provides that BPESS personnel not transferred to the PSC shall be retained by the DECS, petitioners now accept that "the law explicitly protects and preserves" [7] their right to security of tenure. chan robles virtual law library

Although the issue is already academic, its significance constrains the Court to point out that Executive Order No. 292 ("EO 292" for brevity), otherwise known as the Administrative Code of 1987, expressly grants the President continuing authority to reorganize the Office of the President. Section 31 of EO 292 provides: chan robles virtual law library

SEC. 31. Continuing Authority of the President to Reorganize his Office. - The President, subject to the policy in the Executive Office and in order to achieve simplicity, economy and efficiency, shall have continuing authority to reorganize the administrative structure of the Office of the President. For this purpose, he may take any of the following actions:

(1) Restructure the internal organization of the Office of the President Proper, including the immediate Offices, the Presidential Special Assistants/Advisers System and the Common Support System, by abolishing, consolidating or merging units thereof or transferring functions from one unit to another; chan robles virtual law library

(2) Transfer any function under the Office of the President to any other Department or Agency as well as transfer functions to the Office of the President from other Departments and Agencies; and chan robles virtual law library

(3) Transfer any agency under the Office of the President to any other department or agency as well as transfer agencies to the Office of the President from other Departments or Agencies. chan robles virtual law library

Since EO 81 is based on the President’s continuing authority under Section 31 (2) and (3) of EO 292, [8] EO 81 is a valid exercise of the President’s delegated power to reorganize the Office of the President. The law grants the President this power in recognition of the recurring need of every President to reorganize his office "to achieve simplicity, economy and efficiency." The Office of the President is the nerve center of the Executive Branch. To remain effective and efficient, the Office of the President must be capable of being shaped and reshaped by the President in the manner he deems fit to carry out his directives and policies. After all, the Office of the President is the command post of the President. This is the rationale behind the President’s continuing authority to reorganize the administrative structure of the Office of the President. chan robles virtual law library

Petitioners’ contention that the DECS is not part of the Office of the President is immaterial. Under EO 292, the DECS is indisputably a Department of the Executive Branch. Even if the DECS is not part of the Office of the President, Section 31 (2) and (3) of EO 292 clearly authorizes the President to transfer any function or agency of the DECS to the Office of the President. Under its charter, the PSC is attached to the Office of the President. [9] Therefore, the President has the authority to transfer the "functions, programs and activities of DECS related to sports development" [10] to the PSC, making EO 81 a valid presidential issuance. chan robles virtual law library

However, the President’s power to reorganize the Office of the President under Section 31 (2) and (3) of EO 292 should be distinguished from his power to reorganize the Office of the President Proper. Under Section 31 (1) of EO 292, the President can reorganize the Office of the President Proper by abolishing, consolidating or merging units, or by transferring functions from one unit to another. In contrast, under Section 31 (2) and (3) of EO 292, the President’s power to reorganize offices outside the Office of the President Proper but still within the Office of the President is limited to merely transferring functions or agencies from the Office of the President to Departments or Agencies, and vice versa.cralaw

This distinction is crucial as it affects the security of tenure of employees. The abolition of an office in good faith necessarily results in the employee’s cessation in office, but in such event there is no dismissal or separation because the office itself ceases to exist. [11] On the other hand, the transfer of functions or agencies does not result in the employee’s cessation in office because his office continues to exist although in another department, agency or office. In the instant case, the BPESS employees who were not transferred to PSC were at first temporarily, then later permanently reassigned to other offices of the DECS, ensuring their continued employment. At any rate, RA 9155 now mandates that these employees "shall be retained by the Department." chan robles virtual law library

WHEREFORE, the instant petition is DISMISSED. No pronouncement as to costs. chan robles virtual law library

SO ORDERED. chan robles virtual law library

Davide, Jr., C.J., (Chairman), Vitug and Azcuna, JJ., concur. 
Ynares-Santiago, J., no part.
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____________________________

Endnotes:


[1] Under Rule 65 of the Rules of Court.
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[2] Issued by then Department of Education Secretary Andrew B. Gonzales. chan robles virtual law library
[3] Co-signed by former Executive Secretary Ronaldo D. Zamora. chan robles virtual law library
[4] Rollo, p. 106, Petitioners’ Reply to Comments, p. 12. chan robles virtual law library
[5] Ibid., p. 137, Memorandum for Respondents, p. 7. chan robles virtual law library
[6] Supra, see note 4. chan robles virtual law library
[7] Supra, see note 4. chan robles virtual law library
[8] The preamble of EO 81 provides:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary chan robles virtual law library
"xxx chan robles virtual law library
WHEREAS, paragraph 2, Section 31, Chapter 10, Title III, Book III of the Administrative Code of 1987 grants the President the continuing authority to reorganize the Office of the President by, among others, transferring any function, to include certain programs, from other Departments and/or Agencies to the Office of the President." chan robles virtual law library
[9] Section 4 of RA 6847 provides:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary chan robles virtual law library
"Status of the Commission. - The Commission shall have the same status as that of a governmental regulatory national agency attached to the Office of the President with the Chairman thereof being of the same level as a department undersecretary and the Commissioners that of department assistant secretaries." chan robles virtual law library
[10] Section 1, EO 81. chan robles virtual law library
[11] Dario v. Mison, 176 SCRA 84 (1989). chan robles virtual law library