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This web page contains the full text of the Supreme Court's
Circular No. 57-97
[Subject:  Rules and Guidelines in the Filing and Prosecution of Criminal Cases Under Batas Pambansa Blg. 22]
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Supreme Court & the Judiciary
Circular No. 57-97
[Subject:  Rules and Guidelines in the Filing and Prosecution
of Criminal Cases Under Batas Pambansa Blg. 22]
 

TO :             COURT OF APPEALS, SANDIGANBAYAN, REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS,
          METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURTS, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURTS, MUNICIPAL
          CIRCUIT TRIAL COURTS, ALL MEMBERS OF THE GOVERNMENT PROSECUTION
          SERVICE, AND ALL MEMBERS OF THE INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUBJECT:    RULES AND GUIDELINES IN THE FILING AND PROSECUTION OF CRIMINAL
          CASES UNDER BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 22
 

Any provision of law or Rules of Court to the contrary notwithstanding, the following rules and guidelines shall henceforth be observed in the filing and prosecution of all criminal cases under Batas Pambansa Blg. 22 which penalizes the making or drawing and issuance of a check without funds or credit:

    1.  The criminal action for violation of Batas Pambansa Blg. 22 shall be deemed to necessarily include the corresponding civil action, and no reservation to file such civil action separately shall be allowed or recognized.

    2.  Upon the filing of the aforesaid joint criminal and civil actions, the offended party shall pay in full the filing fees based upon the amount of the check involved, which shall be considered as the actual damages claimed, in accordance with the schedule of fees in Section 7(a) and Section 8(a), Rule 141 of the Rules of Court, as last amended by Administrative Circular No. 11-94 effective August 1, 1994.  Where the offended party further seeks to enforce against the accused civil liability by way of liquidated, moral, nominal, temperate or exemplary damages, he shall pay the corresponding filing fees therefor based on the amounts thereof as alleged either in his complaint or in the information.  If not so alleged but any of these damages are subsequently awarded by the court, the amount of such fees shall constitute a first lien on the judgment.

    3.  Where the civil action has heretofore been filed separately and trial thereof has not yet commenced, it may be consolidated with the criminal action upon application with the court trying the latter case.  If the application is granted, the trial of both actions shall proceed in accordance with the pertinent procedure outlined in Section 2(a) of Rule III governing the proceedings in the actions as thus consolidated.

    4.  This Circular shall be published in two (2) newspapers of general circulation and shall take effect on November 1, 1997

    September 16, 1997.

(Sgd.) ANDRES R. NARVASA
Chief Justice

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