COMMISSION ON THE SETTLEMENT OF LAND PROBLEMS - (COSLAP)
The COMMISSION ON THE SETTLEMENT OF LAND PROBLEMS is an administrative
body under the Department of Justice vested with quasi-judicial powers
and functions to act on, decide and resolve land disputes involving
small settlers and members of indigenous communities.
COSLAP may, in the following cases, assume jurisdiction and resolve
land problems or disputes which are critical and explosive in nature
considering, for instance, the large number of the parties involved,
the presence or emergence of social tension or unrest, or other similar
critical situations requiring immediate action:
- Between occupants/squatters and pasture lease agreement holders or timber concessioners;
- Between occupants/squatters and government reservation grantees;
- Between occupants/squatters and public land claimants or applicants;
- Petitions for classification, release and/or subdivision of land of the public domain; and
- Other similar problems of grave urgency and magnitude.
Speedy and inexpensive investigation, conciliation and disposition of land disputes.
Conciliatory settlement of land disputes.
The COMMISSION ON THE SETTLEMENT OF LAND PROBLEMS - (COSLAP) (COSLAP),
which was created under Executive Order No. 561 dated September 21,
1979 is an administrative body vested with quasi-judicial powers and
functions. It took over from the abolished Presidential Action
Committee on Land Problems (PACLAP), created pursuant to Executive
Order No. 251 on July 31, 1970, whose functions, including its
jurisdiction, power and authority to act on, decide and resolve land
disputes were all assumed by COSLAP.
COSLAP was created primarily
to extend assistance to small settlers, tillers, indigenous cultural
minorities and the underprivileged in settling their problems in an
expeditious and inexpensive manner. As an agency, it is also charged
with the responsibility of formulating and recommending policies and
innovative measures intended to prevent and/or minimize the occurrence
of land problems and disputes thereby contributing to the maintenance
of peace and order in the country.