The Parties of
Reaffirming their faith
in the purpose and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and
their desire to live in peace with all peoples and all governments, and
desiring to strengthen the fabric of peace in the Pacific area.
Recalling with mutual
pride the historic relationship which brought their two peoples
in a common bond of sympathy and mutual ideals to fight side-by-side
imperialist aggression during the last war.
Desiring to declare publicly
and formally their sense of unity and their common determination to
themselves against external armed attack, so that no potential
could be under the illusion that either of them stands alone in the
Desiring further to strengthen
their present efforts for collective defense for the preservation of
and security pending the development of a more comprehensive system of
regional security in the Pacific area.
Agreeing that nothing
in this present instrument shall be considered or interpreted as in any
way or sense altering or diminishing any existing agreements or
between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of
Have agreed as
The parties undertake as set forth in the Charter of the United
to settle any international disputes in which they may be involved by
means in such a manner that international peace and security and
are not endangered and to refrain in their international relation from
the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes
of the United Nations.
In witness whereof the
Plenipotentiaries have signed this Treaty.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
order more effectively to achieve the objective of this Treaty, the
separately and jointly by self-help and mutual aid will maintain and
their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack.
Parties, through their Foreign Ministers or their deputies, will
together from time to time regarding the implementation of this Treaty
and whenever in the opinion of either of them the territorial
political independence or security of either of the Parties is
by external armed attack in the Pacific.
Each Party recognizes that an armed attack in the Pacific area on
of the Parties would be dangerous to its own peace and safety and
that it would act to meet the common dangers in accordance with its
Any such armed attack
all measures taken as a result thereof shall be immediately reported to
the Security Council of the United Nations. Such measures shall be
when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore
maintain international peace and security.
For purposes of ARTICLE IV, an armed attack on either of the Parties is
deemed to include an armed attack on the metropolitan territory of
of the Parties, or on the island territories under its jurisdiction in
the Pacific Ocean, its armed forces, public vessels or aircraft in the
Treaty does not affect and shall not be interpreted as affecting in any
way the rights and obligations of the parties under the Charter of the
United Nations or the responsibility of the United Nations for the
of international peace and security.
This Treaty shall be ratified by the Republic of the Philippines and
United States of America in accordance with their respective
processes and will come into force when instruments of ratification
have been exchanged by them at Manila.
Treaty shall remain in force indefinitely. Either Party may terminate
one year after notice has been given to the other party.
Done in duplicate at Washington
this thirtieth day of August, 1951.chanrobles virtualawlibrary
of the Philippines:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
For the United
States of America:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
(Sgd.) JOAQUIN M.
(Sgd.) VICENTE J.
(Sgd.) JOHN FOSTER
(Sgd.) TOM CONNALLY