ChanRobles Virtual Law Library


Chan Robles Virtual Law Library

Bookmark and Share

 Republic of the Philippines
Department of Labor and Employment
National Wages and Productivity Commission
National Capital Region



WHEREAS, the Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Board- National Capital Region (RTWPB-NCR) is mandated under R.A. 6727 (The Wage Rationalization Act), to periodically assess the wage rates and conduct continuing studies in the determination of the minimum wage rates applicable in the region or industry;

WHEREAS, the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP) filed on April 12, 2007 a petition for a Seventy-Five Pesos (P75.00) per day across-the-board wage increase;

WHEREAS, after due notice to all concerned sectors, the RTWPB-NCR conducted consultations with labor and employers sectors on the 21st and 31st of May 2007, respectively, and a public hearing on the 14th of June 2007, to determine the propriety of issuing a new wage order;

WHEREAS, after a thorough evaluation of the existing socio-economic conditions of the region, the RTWPB-NCR determined the need to provide workers with immediate relief, without impairing business viability by integrating the existing cost of living allowances under Wage Order No. NCR-9 and Wage Order No. NCR-10 into the basic wage, and providing an additional basic wage increase to compensate the projected erosion of the minimum wage rates due to inflation;

WHEREAS, consistent with the government’s policy of achieving higher levels of productivity to promote economic growth and generate employment, and to augment the income of workers, there is a need to build the capacity of business enterprises to be competitive through productivity improvement programs.

NOW THEREFORE, by virtue of the power and authority vested under Republic Act No. 6727, the RTWPB-NCR hereby issues this Wage Order.

Section 1. NEW MINIMUM WAGE RATES. Upon effectivity of this Wage Order:cralaw


The Cost of Living Allowances of THIRTY PESOS (P 30.00) per day under Wage Order No. NCR-09 and TWENTY PESOS (P 20.00) per day under Wage Order No. NCR-10 shall be integrated into the basic wage;

After the integration of the Cost of Living Allowances, all minimum wage workers in the NCR shall receive an increase in the basic wage of P 12.00 per day;

The new daily minimum wage rates of covered workers in the private sector in the National Capital Region shall be as follows:


Sector/Industry Basic Wage After COLA Integration Basic Wage Increase New Minimum Wage Rates
Non-Agriculture P 350.00 P 12.00 P 362.00
Agriculture (Plantation and Non Plantation) P 313.00 P 12.00 P 325.00
Private Hospitals with bed capacity of 100 or less P 313.00 P 12.00 P 325.00
Retail/Service Establishments employing 15 workers or less P 313.00 P 12.00 P 325.00
Manufacturing Establishments regularly employing less than 10 workers P 313.00 P 12.00 P 325.00

Sec.  2. COVERAGE. The P12.00 wage increase prescribed in this Wage Order shall apply to all minimum wage earners in the private sector in the Region, regardless of their position, designation or status of employment and irrespective of the method by which they are paid.

The P50.00 per day COLA integration shall apply to all covered workers under Wage Order Nos. NCR-09 and NCR-10.

This Wage Order shall not cover household or domestic helpers; persons in the personal service of another, including family drivers, and workers of duly registered Barangay Micro Business Enterprises (BMBEs) with Certificates of Authority pursuant to Republic Act 9178.

Sec.  3. BASIS OF MINIMUM WAGE RATES. The minimum wage rates prescribed under this Order shall be for the normal working hours which shall not exceed eight (8) hours of work a day.

Sec.  4. APPLICATION TO CONTRACTORS. In the case of contracts for construction projects and for security, janitorial and similar services, the wage increase prescribed in this Order shall be borne by the principals or clients of the construction/service contractors and the contract shall be deemed amended accordingly.

In the event, however, that the principals or clients fail to pay the prescribed wage rates, the construction/service contractor shall be jointly and severally liable with his principal or client.

Sec.  5. APPLICATION TO PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. In the case of private educational institutions, the share of covered workers and employees in the increase in tuition fees for School Year 2007-2008 shall be considered as compliance with the increase prescribed herein. However, payment of any shortfall in the wage increase set forth herein shall be covered starting School Year 2008-2009.

Private educational institutions which have not increased their tuition fees for the School Year 2007-2008 may defer compliance with the increase prescribed herein until the beginning of School Year 2008-2009.

In any case, all private educational institutions shall implement the increase prescribed herein starting School Year 2008-2009.

Sec.  6. WORKERS PAID BY RESULT. All workers paid by result, including those who are paid on piecework, “takay”, “pakyaw” or task basis, shall be entitled to receive the prescribed increase per eight (8) hours work a day, or a proportion thereof for working less than eight (8) hours.

Sec.  7. WAGES OF SPECIAL GROUPS OF WORKERS. Wages of apprentices and learners shall in no case be less than seventy-five percent (75%) of the applicable minimum wage rates prescribed in this Order.

All recognized learnership and apprenticeship agreements entered into before the effectivity of this Order shall be considered automatically modified insofar as their wage clauses are concerned to reflect the new minimum wage rates.

All qualified handicapped workers shall receive the full amount of the minimum wage rate prescribed herein pursuant to Republic Act No. 7277, otherwise known as the Magna Carta for Disabled Persons.

Sec.  8. EXEMPTIONS. Upon application with and as determined by the Board, based on documentation and other requirements in accordance with applicable rules and regulations issued by the Commission, the following may be exempted from the applicability of this Order:cralaw

Distressed Establishments;
Establishments Facing Potential Losses;
Retail/Service Establishments Employing Not More Than Ten (10) Workers;

Establishments whose total assets, including those arising from loans, but exclusive of the land on which the particular business entity’s office, plant and equipment are situated, are not more than Three Million Pesos (P3,000,000.00); and,
Establishments adversely affected by natural calamities.

Sec.  9. APPLICATIONS FOR EXEMPTION. Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the National Wages and Productivity Commission, all applications for exemption from compliance with this Order shall be filed within seventy-five (75) days from the date of publication of the Rules Implementing this Order, with complete supporting documents as specified in the Rules and as may be further required by the Board. Failure to submit the required supporting documents within the prescribed period will be sufficient basis for the dismissal of the application for exemption.

The Board may grant a maximum period of exemption of one (1) year in accordance with the NWPC Rules on Exemption, but in no case shall any exemption exceed one (1) year from the effectivity of this Order.

Sec.  10. EFFECT OF APPLICATION FOR EXEMPTION. Whenever an application for exemption has been duly filed with the Board, action on any complaint for alleged non-compliance with this Wage Order shall be deferred pending its resolution.

In the event that the application for exemption is not granted in accordance with the Rules, the employees of the applicant firm shall receive the mandated wage increase under this Order, plus one percent (1%) interest per month retroactive to the effectivity of this Order.

Sec.  11. APPEAL TO THE COMMISSION. Any party aggrieved by this order Wage Order may file an appeal to the Commission, through the Board, in three (3) printed copies, not later than ten (10) days from the publication of this Wage Order.

Sec.  12. CREDITABLE WAGE INCREASE. An increase granted by an employer in an organized establishment within three (3) months prior to the effectivity of this Order shall be credited as compliance with the prescribed increase set forth herein, provided that an agreement to this effect has been forged between the parties or a collective bargaining agreement provision allowing creditability exists. In the absence of such an agreement or provision in the CBA, any increase granted by the employer shall not be credited as compliance with the increase prescribed in this Order.

In unorganized establishments, an increase granted by the employer within five (5) months prior to the effectivity of this Order shall be credited as compliance therewith.

In case the increases given are less than the prescribed adjustment, the employer shall pay the difference. Such increases shall not include anniversary increases, merit wage increases and those resulting from the regularization or promotion of employees.

Sec.  13. EFFECTS ON EXISTING WAGE STRUCTURE. Where the application of the increase prescribed in this Order results in distortions in the wage structure within the establishment, it shall be corrected in accordance with the procedure provided for under Article 124 of Presidential Decree No. 442, as amended, otherwise known as the Labor Code of the Philippines.

Sec.  14. COMPLAINTS FOR NON-COMPLIANCE. Complaints for non-compliance with this Order shall be filed with the National Capital Regional Office of the Department of Labor and Employment, and shall be the subject of enforcement proceedings under Articles 128 and 129 of the Labor Code, as amended.

Sec.  15. PRODUCTIVITY AND OTHER PERFORMANCE INCENTIVE PROGRAMS. In order to sustain rising levels of wages and enhance competitiveness, labor and management as partners are encouraged to adopt productivity improvement schemes that will improve the quality of life of workers and in turn enable them to produce more and earn more, such as time and motion studies, good housekeeping, quality circles, labor and management cooperation as well as implement gain-sharing and other performance incentive programs.

Sec.  16. NON-DIMINUTION OF BENEFITS. Nothing in this Order shall be construed to reduce any existing wage rates, allowances and benefits of any form under existing laws, decrees, issuances, executive orders and/or under any contract or agreement between the workers and employers.

Sec.  17. PROHIBITION AGAINST INJUCTION. No preliminary or permanent injunction, or temporary restraining order may be issued by any court, tribunal or other entity against any proceedings before the Board.

Sec.  18. FREEDOM TO BARGAIN. This Order shall not be construed to prevent workers in particular firms or enterprises or industries from bargaining for higher wages with their respective employers.

Sec.  19. REPORTING REQUIREMENT. Any person, company, corporation, partnership or any entity engaged in business shall submit a verified report on their wage structure to the Board not later than January 31, 2008 and every year thereafter in accordance with the form prescribed by the National Wages and Productivity Commission.

Sec.  20. PENAL PROVISION. Any employer who refuses or fails to comply with this Order shall be subject to the penalties specified under R.A. 6727, as amended under R.A. No. 8188.

Sec.  21. REPEALING CLAUSE. All orders, issuances, rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Wage Order are hereby repealed, amended or modified accordingly.

Sec.  22. SEPARABILITY CLAUSE. If any provision or part of this Wage Order is declared unconstitutional, or in conflict with existing law, the other provisions or parts thereof shall remain valid.

Sec.  23. IMPLEMENTING RULES. The Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Board-National Capital Region shall submit to the Commission the necessary Rules and Regulations to implement this Order subject to approval of the Secretary of Labor and Employment not later than ten (10) days from the publication of the Wage Order.

Sec.  24. EFFECTIVITY. This Order shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in a newspaper of general circulation.


Manila, Philippines, 06 August 2007.
Labor Representative


Employer Representative
Labor Representative


Employer Representative