THE STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN FOR PALAWAN, CREATING THE
MACHINERY FOR ITS IMPLEMENTATION, CONVERTING THE PALAWAN INTEGRATED
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT OFFICE TO ITS SUPPORT STAFF, PROVIDING FUNDS
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
SECTION 1. Title.
— This Act shall be known as the "Strategic Environmental Plan
for Palawan Act."
SEC. 2. Declaration of
Policy. — It is hereby declared the policy of the State to protect,
develop and conserve its natural resources. Towards this end, it shall
assist and support the implementation of plans, programs and projects
to preserve and enhance the environment, and at the same time pursue
socioeconomic development goals of the country.
It shall support and promote
the sustainable development goals for the provinces through proper
utilization and development of natural resources to provide optimum
on a continuing basis. With specific reference to forest resources, the
State shall pursue and implement forest conservation and protection
the imposition of a total commercial logging ban as hereinafter
It shall also adopt the necessary
measures leading to the creation of an institutional machinery
among others, fiscal and financial programs to ensure the effective and
efficient implementation of environmental plans, programs and projects.
It shall also promote and
encourage the involvement of all sectors of society and maximize people
participation in natural resource management, conservation and
SEC. 3. Definition of
Terms. — As used in this Act, the following terms are defined as
to the Philippine province composed of islands and islets located
and 12º22' north latitude and 117º00' and 119º51' east
generally bounded by the South China Sea to the northwest and by the
Sea to the east;
means the improvement in the quality of life of the present and future
generations through the complementation of development and
refers to life-support systems such as the sea, coral reefs, soil,
rivers, streams, and forests as well as useful products found therein
as minerals, wildlife, trees and other plants, including the aesthetic
attributes of scenic sites that are not man-made;
refers to the areas comprising both land and sea that are traditionally
occupied by the cultural minorities;
critical areas" refers to terrestrial, aquatic and marine areas that
special protection and conservation measures as they are ecologically
processes" means the involvement of all the key sectors of development,
from the grassroots to the policy-making bodies of the National
in providing the values and ideas from which strategic development and
environmental protection action can come about;
refers to the wise use of natural resources that assures regeneration
replenishment for continuous benefit;
to the life-sustaining interrelationships and interactions of organisms
with each other and with their physical surroundings;
refers to the cutting, felling or destruction of trees from old growth
and residual forests for the purpose of selling or otherwise disposing
of the cut or felled logs for profit;
the Strategic Environmental Plan discussed in Section 4 of this Act;
to the Environmentally Critical Areas Network as provided in Section 7
of this Act; and
to the Environmental Monitoring and Evaluation System provided in
13 of this Act.
PLAN: ADOPTION, PHILOSOPHY AND LEGAL EFFECTS
SEC. 4. Strategic Environmental
Plan. — A comprehensive framework for the sustainable development
Palawan compatible with protecting and enhancing the natural resources
and endangered environment of the province is hereby adopted. Such
shall be known as the Strategic Environmental Plan for Palawan,
referred to as SEP, and shall serve to guide the local government of
and the government agencies concerned in the formulation and
of plans, programs and projects affecting said province.
SEC. 5. Strategic Environmental
Plan (SEP) Philosophy. — The SEP shall have, as its general
the sustainable development of Palawan, which is the improvement in the
quality of life of its people in the present and future generations
the use of complementary activities of development and conservation
protect life-support ecosystems and rehabilitate exploited areas to
upcoming generations to sustain development growth. It shall have the
— The physical and biological cycles that maintain the productivity of
natural ecosystems must always be kept intact;
— The people themselves, through participatory processes, should be
committed to support sustainable development activities by fostering
in access to resources and the benefits derived from them; and
— This allows for a holistic view of problems and issues obtaining in
environment as well as opportunities for coordination and sharing that
will eventually provide the resources and political will to actually
and sustain SEP activities.
SEC. 6. Legal Effects.
— The SEP shall serve as the framework to guide the government agencies
concerned in the formulation and implementation of plans, programs, and
projects affecting the environment and natural resources of Palawan. It
shall therefore be incorporated in the Regional Development Plan of
IV as part of said plan. All local governments in Palawan and the
national and regional government agencies operating therein shall
and align their projects and the corresponding budgets with the
programs and policies of the SEP, as administered and implemented by an
administrative machinery hereinafter created.
SEC. 7. Environmentally
Critical Areas Network (ECAN). — The SEP shall establish a graded
of protection and development control over the whole of Palawan,
its tribal lands, forests, mines, agricultural areas, settlement areas,
small islands, mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass beds and the
sea. This shall be known as the Environmentally Critical Areas Network,
hereinafter referred to as ECAN, and shall serve as the main strategy
The ECAN shall ensure the
and protection through the imposition of a total commercial logging ban
in all areas of maximum protection and in such other restricted use
as the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development as hereinafter
people and the preservation of their culture;
maximum sustainable yield;
rare and endangered species and their habitat;
for environmental and ecological research, education and training; and
for tourist and recreation.
SEC. 8. Main Components.
— The areas covered by the ECAN shall be classified into three (3) main
terrestrial component shall consist of the mountainous as well as
important low hills and lowland areas of the whole province. It may be
further subdivided into smaller management components;
area — This area includes the whole coastline up to the open sea. This
is characterized by active fisheries and tourism activities; and
lands — These are the areas traditionally occupied by the cultural
SEC. 9. Terrestrial Component;
Management Scheme and Zonation. — The terrestrial component may be
further subdivided into smaller management components for a more
supervision. These management components, in turn, shall each be
subdivided into the following zones:
protection or core zone — This zone shall be fully and strictly
and maintained free of human disruption. Included here are all types of
natural forest which include first growth forest, residual forest and
of intact forest, areas above one thousand (1,000) meters elevation,
of mountains or other areas with very steep gradients, and endangered
and habitats of endangered and rare species. Exceptions, however, may
granted to traditional uses of tribal communities of these areas for
and soft impact gathering of forest species for ceremonial and
area permits regulated use and may be further subdivided into three (3)
area. — Generally surrounds the core zone and provides a protective
Limited and nonconsumptive activities may be allowed in this area;
use area. — This is the area where the landscape has been modified for
different forms of land use such as intensive timber extraction,
and pastures, agriculture and infrastructure development. Control and
shall be strictly integrated with the other supporting programs of the
SEP and other similar programs of the Government.
area. — Encircles and provides the outer barrier to the core and
use areas. Controlled forest extraction, like the collecting of minor
products, and strictly controlled logging and mining may be allowed; and
area. — Edges of intact forests where traditional land use is already
or is being stabilized. Management and control shall be carried out
the other supporting programs of the SEP.
SEC. 10. Coastal/Marine Zone.
— A different and simplified scheme of management and zonation shall be
applied to this component due to its geographical characteristics,
nature, and patterns of resource use. Equitable access to the resource
and management responsibility by the local community shall be the
management philosophy of this component.
Core zone. —
are shall be designated free from any human activity. This includes
for rare and endangered species, selected coral reefs, seagrass, and
— Aside from being the development area, this zone also serves as the
zone where fishery, mariculture, recreation, rehabilitation of small
and mangrove ecosystem, education and research are allowed.
SEC. 11. Tribal Ancestral
Lands. — These areas, traditionally occupied by cultural
comprise both land and sea areas. These shall be treated in the same
system of control and prohibition as in the others abovementioned
for stronger emphasis in cultural considerations. The SEP, therefore,
define a special kind of zonation to fulfill the material and cultural
needs of the tribes using consultative processes and cultural mapping
the ancestral lands.
OUTSIDE OF THE ECOLOGICALLY CRITICAL AREAS
SEC. 12. Management of Resources
Outside of the Ecologically Critical Areas. — The SEP shall provide
for the management of resources outside of the ECAN and shall include
resources, resources of the catchment areas, timber and mines,
in the lowlands, and settlement areas. It shall also provide for
SEC. 13. Environmental Monitoring
and Evaluation System (EMES). — In order to monitor achievement of
its goals, the SEP shall establish an Environmental Monitoring and
System (EMES) which shall ensure a systematic and reliable means of
generation for the various concerns of the SEP. It shall measure
in environmental status, identify adverse environmental trends and
areas, recommend solutions, assess the implementation of the SEP, and
measures to make the SEP more responsible to the changing needs.
SEC. 14. Environmental
Research. — The SEP shall provide for a system of research so that
additional information for accurate planning as well as data to solve
problems in the implementation of the SEP shall be supplied. As such,
SEP's researches shall not be confined to the physical and biological
of the environment, achieved through surveys, monitoring, resources
and research into processes, but shall also extend to policies and
SEC. 15. Environmental
Education and Extension. — The SEP shall design an environmental
and education designed to gradually wean the people away from
practices and shall recommend practical ways as an alternative.
Training programs for
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), business sector representatives,
and community leaders shall be organized. This may establish linkages
the NGO's, community leaders, sector representatives and the staff of
agencies' development communication or public information section and,
at the same time, be used to plan out a comprehensive public
organizing shall be enhanced to reinforce non-formal approaches,
regular environment/science courses in the school.
FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SEP
SEC. 16. Palawan Council
for Sustainable Development. — The governance, implementation and
direction of the Strategic Environmental Plan shall be exercised by the
herein created Palawan Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD),
referred to as the Council, which shall be under the Office of the
It shall be composed of the Members of the House of Representatives
the Province of Palawan, the Deputy Director General of the National
and Development Authority, the Undersecretary of Environment and
Resources, the Undersecretary for Special Concerns of the Department of
Agriculture, the Governor of Palawan, the Mayor of Puerto Princesa
the President of the Mayor's League of Palawan, the President of the
Chapter of the Liga ng mga Barangay, the Executive Director of the
Council for Sustainable Development Staff as provided in Section 20 of
this Act, and such other members from the public or private sectors as
the majority of the Council may deem necessary.
The Council shall
from among its members, a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman.
SEC. 17. Quorum.
— A majority of the members of the Council shall constitute a quorum
the conduct of business.
SEC. 18. Compensation.
— The members of the Council shall be entitled to per diems and
in accordance with existing laws in the performance of their duties and
in carrying out the business of the Council. The per diems shall be in
the amount of Five hundred pesos (P500) for every meeting: Provided,
the per diems collected do not exceed the equivalent of per diems for
(4) meetings in a month.
SEC. 19. Powers
— In order to successfully implement the provisions of this Act, the
is hereby vested with the following powers and functions:
and policies as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this
the local governments to ensure that the latter's plans, programs and
are aligned with the plans, programs and policies of the SEP;
3. Call on
bureau, office, agency or instrumentality of the Government, and on
entities and organizations for cooperation and assistance in the
of its functions;
for, and accept donations, grants, gifts, loans, and other funding from
domestic and foreign sources to carry out the activities and purposes
Congress of the Philippines such matters that may require legislation
support of the objectives of the SEP;
Delegate any or all of its powers
and functions to its support staffs, as hereinafter provided, except
which by provisions of law cannot be delegated;
and guidelines for employment on the basis of merit, technical
and moral character and prescribe a compensation and staffing pattern;
rescind such rules and regulations and impose penalties therefor for
effective implementation of the SEP and the other provisions of this
of this Act and other existing laws, rules and regulations similar to
complementary with this Act;
functions which shall promote the development, conservation,
protection, and utilization of the natural resources of Palawan; and
powers and functions as may be necessary in carrying out its functions,
powers, and the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 20. Conversion of Palawan
Integrated Area Development Project Office (PIADPO) to the Palawan
for Sustainable Development Staff . — The Palawan Integrated Area
Project Office, hereinafter referred to as PIADPO, is hereby converted
to the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Staff which shall
as the regular professional support staff of the Council and shall
the machinery to coordinate the policy and functions, implement
and organize such services as may be required by the Council in the
of its functions. It shall be independent of any other department or
of the Government other than the herein provided Council. All the
powers, functions, personnel, complement, staff, appropriations,
equipment, property, funds, and other assets of the PIADPO, as well as
all its obligations and liabilities, are hereby transferred to the
Council for Sustainable Development Staff.
The incumbent director of
the PIADPO shall be the Executive Director of the Palawan Council for
Development Staff and shall lead all its operations. Thereafter, the
Director shall be appointed by the members of the Council. He shall
be ex officio member of the Council.
SEC. 21. Appropriations.
— The amount necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act shall be
charged to the current fiscal year appropriations of the PIADPO.
such sums as may be necessary shall be included in the annual General
SEC. 22. Separability
Clause. — If any of the provisions of this Act shall be declared
the other provisions of this Act shall remain valid.
SEC. 23. Repealing Clause. — All laws,
orders, rules and regulations or parts
contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby
repealed or modified accordingly.
SEC. 24. Effectivity Clause.
— This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Approved: 19 June 1992.