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REPUBLIC ACT NO. 776

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 776 - AN ACT TO REORGANIZE THE CIVIL AERONAUTICS BOARD AND THE CIVIL AERONAUTICS ADMINISTRATION, TO PROVIDE FOR THE REGULATION OF CIVIL AERONAUTICS IN THE PHILIPPINES AND AUTHORIZING THE APPROPRIATION OF FUNDS THEREFOR



CHAPTER I
Title and Purpose

Section 1.    Title of Act. — The title of this Act shall be "The Civil Aeronautics Act of the Philippines."

Sec. 2.    Purpose and scope of Act. — The general purpose of this Act is the reorganization of the Civil Aeronautics Board and the Civil Aeronautics Administration, defining their powers and duties and making certain adjustment of funds and personnel in connection therewith; and the regulation of civil aeronautics.

The provisions of this Act and the rules and regulations issued pursuant thereto shall not apply, except with respect tor traffic rules, to militaryrcraft andrmen of the Philippines and of foreign countries and to foreign civil and publicrcraft andrmen other than those covered by Chapters III and IV  hereof. 

CHAPTER II
General Provisions

Sec. 3.    Words and phrases defined. — The following definitions shall control in the application and construction of this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a)    "Administrator" means the Civil Aeronautics Administrator.

(b)    "Aerodrome" means a defined area on land or water, including any buildings, installations and equipment intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and movement ofrcraft.

(c)    "Aeronautics" means the science and art of flight.

(d)    "Aeronautical telecommunication" means and includes any telegraph or telephone communication signs, signals, writings, images and sounds of any nature, by wire, radio or other systems or processes of signalling, used in the aeronautical service.

(e)    "Aeronautical telecommunication station" means any station operated to provide telecommunications for aeronautical purposes.

(f)    "Air carrier" means a person who undertakes, whether directly or indirectly, or by a lease or any other arrangements, to engage inr transportation orr commerce.

(g)    "Air commerce" means and includesr transportation for pay or hire, the navigation ofrcraft in furtherance of a business, or the navigation ofrcraft from one place to another for operation in the conduct of a business.

(h)    "Air transportation" means service or carriage of persons, property, or mail, in whole or in part, byrcraft.

(i)    "Aircraft" means any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of, or flight in, ther.

(j)    "Aircraft engine" means an engine used or intended to be used for propulsion ofrcraft and includes all parts, appurtenances, and accessories thereof other than propellers.

(k)    "Aircraft radio station" means a radio station on board anyrcraft.

(l)    "Airman" means any individual who engages, as the person in command or as pilot, mechanic, flight radio operator or member of the crew, in the navigation ofrcraft while under way; and any individual who is directly in charge of inspection, maintenance, overhauling, or repair ofrcraft,rcraft engine, propellers, or appliances; and any individual who serves in the capacity ofrcraft dispatcher orr-traffic control operator.

(m)    "Air navigation facility" means any facility used in, available for used in, or designed for use in,d ofr navigation, including areas, lights, any apparatus or equipment for disseminating weather information, for signalling, for radio-directional finding, or for radio or other electrical communication, and any other structure or mechanism having a similar purpose for guiding or controlling flight in ther or the landing and take-off ofrcraft.

(n)    "Airway" means a path thru the navigabler space identified by an area of specified width on the surface of the earth designated or approved by the Administrator as suitable forr commerce orr transportation.

(o)    "Airworthiness" means that anrcraft, its engines, propellers, and other components and accessories, are of proper design and construction, and are safe forr navigation purposes, such design and construction being consistent with accepted engineering practice and in accordance with aerodynamic laws andrcraft science.

(p)    "Appliances" means instruments, equipment, apparatus, parts, appurtenances, or accessories, of whatever description, which are used or are capable of being or intended to be used in the navigation, operation, or control ofrcraft in flight (including parachutes and communication equipment and any other mechanism or mechanisms installed in or attached torcraft during flight), and which are not a part or parts ofrcraft,rcraft engines or propellers.

(q)    "Board" means the Civil Aeronautics Board.

(r)    "Citizen of the Philippines" means (a) an individual who is a citizen of the Philippines, or (b) a partnership of which each member is such an individual, or (c) a corporation or association created or organized under the laws of the Philippines, of which the directing head and two-thirds or more of the Board of Directors and other managing officers are citizens of the Philippines, and in which sixty per centum of the voting interest is owned or controlled by persons who are citizens of the Philippines.

(s)    "Civilrcraft" means anyrcraft other than a publicrcraft.

(t)    "Domesticr carrier" means anr carrier who is a citizen of the Philippines: Provided, That anr carrier who is not a citizen of the Philippines but who may be allowed to engage in domestic and/or foreignr transportation, or domestic and/or foreignr commerce, in accordance with the provisions of section twelve, Chapter IV of this Act, shall, to all intents and purposes, be classified as a domesticr carrier.

(u)    "Domesticr commerce" means and includesr commerce within the limits of the Philippine territory.

(v)    "Domesticr transportation" meansr transportation within the limits of the Philippine territory.

(w)    "Flight radio operator" means and includes a member of the operating crew ofrcraft who is granted a radio operator's license by the Civil Aeronautics Administrator to operatercraft radio station.

(x)    "Foreignr carrier" means anr carrier who is not a citizen of the Philippines, and/or anr carrier other than a domesticr carrier.

(y)    "Foreignr commerce" means and includesr commerce between the Philippines and any place outside it.

(z)    "Foreignr transportation" meansr transportation between the Philippines and any place outside it, or wholly outside the Philippines.

(aa)    "Landing field" means any locality, either on water or on land, which is adapted for landing and taking-off ofrcraft located along anrway, and is intermediate torports connected by therway, whether or not facilities are provided for the shelter, servicing, or repair ofrcraft or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo.

(bb)    "Mail" means Philippine mail or foreign-transit mail.

(cc)    "Navigation ofrcraft" or "navigatercraft" includes the piloting ofrcraft.

(dd)    "Navigabler space" meansr space above the minimum altitudes of flight prescribed by regulations issued under this Act.

(ee)    "Permit" means Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity.

(ff)    "Person" means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint-stock association, or body politic; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or other similar representative thereof.

(gg)    "Propeller" includes all parts, appurtenances and accessories thereof.

(hh)    "Publicrcraft" means anrcraft used exclusively in the service of the National Government of the Republic of the Philippines or of any political subdivision or instrumentality thereof, but not including any government-ownedrcraft engaged inr commerce.

(ii)    "Reasonable charges" are those which insure just and reasonable return on the capital invested, taking into consideration the cost of construction, operation and maintenance and non-aeronautical revenue of ther navigation facility affected, which shall be uniform.

Sec. 4.    Declaration of policies. — In the exercise and performance of its powers and duties under this Act, the Civil Aeronautics Board and the Civil Aeronautics Administrator shall consider the following, among other things, as being in the public interest, and in accordance with the public convenience and necessity:

(a)    The development and utilization of ther potential of the Philippines.

(b)    The encouragement and development of anr transportation system properly adapted to the present and future of foreign and domestic commerce of the Philippines, of the Postal Service, and of the National Defense;

(c)    The regulation ofr transportation in such manner as to recognize and preserve the inherent advantages of, assure the highest degree of safety in, and foster sound economic condition in, such transportation, and to improve the relations between, and coordinate transportation by,r carriers;

(d)    The promotion of adequate, economical and efficient service byr carriers at reasonable charges, without unjust discrimination, undue preferences or advantages, or unfair or destructive competitive practices;

(e)    Competition betweenr carriers to the extent necessary to assure the sound development of anr transportation system properly adapted to the need of the foreign and domestic commerce of the Philippines, of the Postal Service, and of the National Defense;

(f)    To promote safety of flight inr commerce in the Philippines; and

(g)    The encouragement and development of civil aeronautics.

CHAPTER III
Civil Aeronautics Board

Sec. 5.    Composition of the Board. — The Civil Aeronautics Board shall be composed of the Secretary of Commerce and Industry as Chairman, the Civil Aeronautics Administrator, the Commanding Officer of the Philippiner Force, and two other members to be appointed by the President of the Philippines. They shall hold office at the pleasure of the President and shall be entitled to per diem for each meeting actually attended by them in such amount as may be fixed by the President. In case of absence or incapacity of the Secretary of Commerce and Industry, the Civil Aeronautics Administrator shall act as Chairman.

In case the Under-Secretary of Commerce and Industry and/or Deputy Administrator act in the stead of the Secretary of Commerce and Industry and/or Administrator, respectively, they shall hold office and be entitled to per diem for each meeting actually attended by them in the Civil Aeronautics Board. No member of the Board shall have any pecuniary interest in, or own any stock or bond of, any civil aeronautics enterprise.

Sec. 6.    Principal office and quorum. — The Board shall have its principal office in the City of Manila and may hold hearings on any proceedings at such time and places within the Philippines as it may provide by order in writing. The Chairman and two members of the Board shall constitute a quorum to transact business. A majority vote of the members constituting a quorum shall be necessary for a valid and enforceable decision or order by the Board. A tie vote shall be referred to the President of the Philippines for decision.

Sec. 7.    Permanent personnel. — The Board shall have a permanent Secretary, who shall be a member of the Philippine Bar, with compensation at five thousand one hundred pesos per annum. He shall record all proceedings of the Board, take charge of and keep all its papers, and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the Board in connection with its proceedings or papers. The Board shall also have a permanent stenographer with compensation at two thousand four hundred pesos per annum and such other employees and personnel as the Board may deem necessary in exercising and performing its powers and duties.

Sec. 8.    Temporary personnel. — The Board may, with the approval of the President of the Philippines, engage for temporary service such duly qualified consulting engineers and agencies or other qualified persons as are necessary, and fix the compensation of such engineers, agencies, or persons without regard to civil service rules and regulations.

Sec. 9.    Annual report. — The Board shall make an annual report to the President which shall contain such information and data collected by the Board as may be considered of value in the determination of questions connected with the development of civil aeronautics, together with such recommendations as to additional legislation relating thereto as the Board may deem necessary.

Section 10.    Powers and duties of the Board. — (A) Except as otherwise provided herein, the Board shall have the power to regulate the economic aspect ofr transportation, and shall have the general supervision and regulation of, and jurisdiction and control over,r carriers as well as their property, property rights, equipment, facilities, and franchise, in so far as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

(B)    The Board may perform such acts, conduct such investigations, issue and amend such orders, and make and amend such general or special rules, and regulations, and procedures as it shall deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.

(C)    The Board shall have the following specific powers and duties:

(1)    In accordance with the provisions of Chapter IV of this Act, to issue, deny, amend, revise, alter, modify, cancel, suspend or revoke, in whole or in part, upon petition or complaint, or upon its own initiative, any temporary operating permit or Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity: Provided, however, That in the case of foreignr carriers, the permit shall be issued with the approval of the President of the Republic of the Philippines.

(2)    To fix and determine reasonable individual, joint or special rates, charges or fares which anr carrier may demand, collect or receive for any service in connection withr commerce. The Board may adopt any original, amended, or new individual, joint or special rates, charges or fares proposed by anr carrier if the proposed individual, joint, or special rates, charges or fares are not unduly preferential or unduly discriminatory or unreasonable. The burden of proof to show that the proposed individual, joint or special rates, charges or fares are just are reasonable shall be upon ther carrier proposing the same.

In fixing rates, charges, or fares under the provisions of this Act, the Board shall take into consideration, among other factors:

(a)    The effect of such rates upon the movement of traffic;

(b)    The need in the public interest of adequate and efficient transportation of persons and property byr carriers at the lowest cost consistent with the furnishing of such service;

(c)    Such standards respecting the character and quality of service to be rendered byr carriers as may be prescribed by or pursuant to law;

(d)    The inherent advantages or transportation byrcraft; and

(e)    The need of eachr carrier for revenue sufficient to enable suchr carrier, under honest, economical, and efficient management, to provide adequate and efficientr carrier service.

(3)    To authorize charters whether domestic or international and specialr services or flight heretofore exercised by the Department of Commerce and Industry under Commonwealth Act Numbered Ninety-seven under such terms and conditions as in its judgment the public interest requires.

(4)    To approve or disapprove increase of capital, sale of equipment of anr carrier engaged inr commerce, consolidation, merger, purchase, lease, operating contract or acquisition and control between domesticr carriers; or between domesticr carriers and foreignr carriers; or between domesticr carriers and any person engaged in any phase of aeronautics.

(5)    To inquire into the management of the business of anyr carrier and, to the extent reasonably necessary for such inquiry, to obtain from such carrier, and from any person controlling, or controlled by, or under common control with, suchr carrier, full and complete reports and other information. Such reports shall be under oath whenever the Board so requires.

(6)    To require annual, monthly, periodical, and special reports from anyr carrier; to prescribe the manner and form in which such reports shall be made; and to require from anyr carrier specific answers to all questions upon which the Board may deem information to be necessary. Such reports shall be under oath whenever the Board so requires. The Board may also require anyr carrier to file with it any contract, agreement, understanding or arrangement, or a true copy thereof between suchr carrier and any other carrier or person, in relation to any traffic affected by the provisions of this Act.

(7)    To prescribe the forms of any and all accounts, records, and memoranda of the movement of traffic, as well as of the receipt and expenditures of money, and the length of time such accounts, records and memoranda shall be preserved: Provided, That anyr carrier may keep additional accounts, records and memoranda if they do not impair the integrity of the accounts, records, or memoranda prescribed or approved by the Board and do not constitute an undue financial burden on suchr carrier.

(8)    To require each officer and director of anyr carrier to transmit a report describing the shares of stock or other interest held by suchr carrier with any persons engaged in any phase of aeronautics, and the holding of the stock in, and control of, other persons engaged in any phase of aeronautics.

(D)    The Board may investigate, upon complaint or upon its own initiative, whether any individual orr carrier, domestic or foreign, is violating any provision of this Act, or the rules and regulations issued thereunder, and shall take such action, consistent with the provisions of this Act, as may be necessary to prevent further violation of such provision, or rules and regulations so issued.

(E)    The Board may issue subpoena or subpoena duces tecum, require the attendance and testimony of witnesses in any matter or inquiry pending before the Board or its duly authorized representative, and require the production of books, papers, tariffs, contracts, agreements and all other documents submitted for purposes of this section to be under oath and verified by the person in custody thereof as to the truth and correctness of data appearing in such books, papers, tariffs, contracts, agreements and all other documents.

(F)    The Board may review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm on appeal any administrative decision or order of the Administrator on matters pertaining to:

(1)    Grounding ofrmen andrcrafts; or

(2)    Revocation of any certificate or the denial by the Administrator of issuance of any certificate; or

(3)    Imposition of civil penalty or fine in connection with the violation of any provision of this Act or rules and regulations issued thereunder.

(G)    The Board shall have the power, either on its own initiative or upon review on appeal from an order or decision of the administrator, to determine whether to impose, remit, mitigate, increase, or compromise, such fines and civil penalties, as the case may be.

(H)    (1) The Civil Aeronautics Board shall be advised of, and shall consult with the Department of Foreign Affairs concerning the negotiation of anyr agreement with foreign governments for the promotion, establishment, or development of foreignr transportation.

(2)    In exercising and performing its powers and duties under the provisions of this Act, the Civil Aeronautics Board shall take into consideration the obligation assumed by the Republic of the Philippines in any treaty, convention or agreement with foreign countries on matters affecting civil aviation.

CHAPTER IV
Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity

Section 11.    Nature, terms and conditions. — A Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity is a permit issued by the Board authorizing a person to engage inr commerce and/orr transportation, foreign and/or domestic.

Any permit may be altered, amended, modified, suspended, cancelled or revoked by the Board in whole or in part, upon complaint or petition or upon the Board's initiative as hereinafter provided, whenever the Board finds such action to be in the public interest.

There shall be attached to the exercise of the privileges granted by the permit, or amendment thereto, such reasonable terms, conditions or limitations as, in the judgment of the Board, the public interest may require.

No permit shall confer any proprietary, property, or exclusive right in the use of anyr space, civilrway, landing area or governmentr-navigation facility.

The permit shall, among others, specify the terminal and intermediate points, if any, between which ther carrier is authorized to operate; the service to be rendered; the time of arrival and departure at each point, and the frequency of flights: Provided, That no change in routes, rates, schedules, or frequency nor supplemental or additional flights to those covered by anr Commerce Permit or franchise shall be effected without prior approval of the Civil Aeronautics Board. Insofar as the operation is to take place without the Philippines, the permit shall designate the terminal and intermediate points only insofar as the Board shall deem practicable, and otherwise shall designate only the general route or routes to be followed.

No carrier shall abandon any route, or part thereof for which a permit has been issued, unless upon findings by the Civil Aeronautics Board that such an abandonment is uneconomical and is in the public interest.

Section 12.    Citizenship requirement. — Except as otherwise provided in the Constitution and existing treaty or treaties, a permit authorizing a person to engage in domesticr commerce and/orr transportation shall be issued only to citizens of the Philippines.

Section 13.    Conduct of proceedings. — The Board shall conduct its proceedings in such manner as will be conductive to the proper dispatch of business and to the ends of justice. All hearings and investigations before the Civil Aeronautics Board shall be governed, by the rules of procedure adopted by the Board, and in the conduct thereof the Board shall be not be bound by the technical rules of evidence.

Section 14.    Delegation of authority to conduct hearings. — The Board may designate in writing any of its members or any of its officer to conduct hearings and investigations on any matter pending before the Board and for that purpose the person so designated shall have authority to administer oaths, issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum, require the attendance and testimony of witnesses, examine witnesses, make ocular inspection of or enter into anyrline establishment, building, place or premise in the performance of its official business.

Section 15.    Application for permit. — Application for permit shall be made to the Board in writing and shall be verified. Said application shall be in such form, shall contain such information, and shall be accompanied by such proof of service upon such interested persons as the Board shall by regulation require.

Section 16.    Notice. — Upon the filing of any such application, the Board shall give due notice thereof: (1) to the public, by posting a notice of such application in the Office of the Civil Aeronautics Board and by publication once a week for three consecutive weeks, at the expense of the applicant, in a newspaper of general circulation; and (2) to such other persons as the Board may by regulation determine: Provided, however, That notice or publication may be dispensed with the Board whenever, in its judgment, the public interest so requires. Any interested person may file with the Board a memorandum in support of, or in opposition to, the issuance of the permit.

Section 17.    Time and place of meeting. — Within a week after the last publication of the application as provided in section 16 of this Act, the Board or its duly designated representative shall set the time and the place for the meeting of the parties interested in said application or their attorneys, and shall notify said parties or their attorneys in writing to appear: Provided, That if publication has been dispensed with, the Board shall immediately set the time and place for the meeting of the parties.

Section 18.    Non-appearance. — If a party interested in the application fails to appear or if no party appears at the designated time and place, the Board or its duly designated representative may proceed ex parte or, in his discretion, adjourn the proceeding for a future date, giving notice to the absent party or parties of the adjournment.

Section 19.    Depositions. — The Board or its duly designated representatives may, in any investigation or hearing, by order in writing, cause the depositions of witnesses residing within or without the Philippines to be taken in the manner prescribed by the Rules of Court.

Witnesses whose depositions are necessary shall be entitled to mileage fees at the same rates as those allowed in the Courts of First Instance.

Sec. 20.    Hearings and records of proceedings. — Hearings on all applications shall be open to the public unless the Board shall determine otherwise for reasons of national security.

Proceedings shall be recorded in such form and manner as may be determined by the Board and the record of proceedings shall become part of the records of the application.

Sec. 21.    Issuance of permit. — The Board shall issue a permit authorizing the whole or any part of the service covered by the application, if it finds: (1) that the applicant is fit, willing and able to perform such service properly in conformity with the provisions of this Act and the rules, regulations, and requirements issued thereunder; and (2) that such service is required by the public convenience and necessity; otherwise the application shall be denied.

Sec. 22.    Modification, suspension or revocation. — The Board, upon petition or complaint or upon its own initiative, may, by order entered after notice and opportunity for hearing, alter, amend, modify or suspend any permit, in whole or in part, if public convenience and necessity so require; or may revoke any permit, in whole or in part, for intentional failure to comply with any provision of this Act or any order, rule or regulation issued thereunder, or any term, condition or limitation of such permit: Provided, That the Board, for good cause, may, by order without notice and hearing suspend, for a period not to exceed thirty days, any permit or the exercise of any privilege or authority issued or granted under this Act whenever such step shall, in the judgment of the Board, be necessary to avoid serious or irreparable damage or inconvenience to the public. Any interested person may file with the Board a protest or memorandum in support of or in opposition to the alteration, amendment, modification, suspension, or revocation of any permit.

Sec. 23.    Transfer of permit. — No permit may be transferred unless such transfer is approved by the Board as being consistent with the public interest.

Sec. 24.    Effective date and duration of permit. — Each permit shall be effective from the date specified therein and shall continue in effect until suspended of revoked or until the Board shall certify that operation thereunder has ceased: Provided, That, if any service authorized by a permit is not inaugurated within a period of ninety days after the date of authorization as shall be fixed by the Board or after such other period as may be designated by the Board, the Board may by order direct that such permit shall thereupon cease to be effective to the extent of such service: Provided, further, That no permit shall be issued for a period of more than twenty-five (25) years.

CHAPTER V
Civil Aeronautics Administration

Sec. 25.    Organization of the Civil Aeronautics Administration. — The Civil Aeronautics Administration shall be under the administrative supervision and control of the Department of Commerce and Industry. The Civil Aeronautics Administration shall have one chief and one deputy chief who shall be known as "Administrator" and "Deputy Administrator," respectively.

Sec. 26.    The Civil Aeronautics Administrator. — The Administrator shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments, and shall receive an annual basic salary of seven thousand two hundred pesos and, subject to the approval of the President, additional salary of one thousand eight hundred pesos per annum. He shall be the administrative head of the Civil Aeronautics Administration and shall possess the powers generally conferred upon bureau heads. He shall administer all laws relating to civil aviation in the Philippines. He shall submit in writing to the Department head, annually or as oftener as may be required, reports of the activities and transactions of his office.

Sec. 27.    The Deputy Administrator. — The Deputy Administrator shall be appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. He shall receive an annual basic salary of six hundred pesos.

Sec. 28.    Authority of the Officers of the Civil Aeronautics Administration to administer oaths. — Besides the Administrator, the Deputy Administrator, chiefs of the divisions, and duly designated members of the examining and investigating committees of the Civil Aeronautics Administration shall have authority to administer oaths in the transaction of official business.

Sec. 29.    Permanent divisions. — The Civil Aeronautics Administration shall have such permanent divisions as may be determined by administrative regulations or office orders duly approved by the Secretary of Commerce and Industry, which shall likewise determine the rate of compensation for the chiefs of division and their subordinate personnel, as well as other matters of detail concerning internal organization.

Sec. 30.    Officials and employees. — Upon recommendation of the Administrator, such officers, assistants and employees as may be necessary for the proper functioning of the Civil Aeronautics Administration shall be appointed by the Secretary of Commerce and Industry. The Administrator may assign within the limits of available funds, officers, assistants, and other personnel for study and training abroad.

All rated and/or licensedrmen and such other authorized personnel of the Civil Aeronautics Board and/or Civil Aeronautics Administration who may be required to undertake or perform regular and frequent aerial flights in connection with their duties, shall at the discretion of the head of the office receive an increase in compensation equivalent to fifty per centum of their respective base pay: Provided, however, That the total flying hours per month shall not be less than four hour.

Whenever the Administrator shall require the personnel of the Civil Aeronautics Administration to work beyond the usual office hours, the employees concerned shall in all cases be entitled to receive, as additional compensation for the overtime work performed, at least twenty-five per centum of their regular salaries.  

Sec. 31.    Temporary personnel. — The Administrator may, with the approval of the President, engage for temporary service such duly qualified consulting experts or other qualified persons as he may find necessary, and fix their compensation.

Sec. 32.    Powers and Duties of the Administrator. — Subject to the general control and supervision of the Department Head, the Administrator shall have among others, the following powers and duties:

(1)    To carry out the purposes and policies established in this Act; to enforce the provisions of, the rules and regulations issued in pursuance to, said Act; and he shall primarily be vested with authority to take charge of the technical and operational phase of civil aviation matters.

(2)    To designate and establish civilrways, and to acquire, control, operate and maintain along suchrways, navigation facilities and to chart suchrways and arrange for their publication including the aeronautical charts or maps required by the international aeronautical agencies by utilizing the equipment, supplies or assistance of existing agencies of the government as far as practicable.

(3)    To issuerman's certificate specifying the capacity in which the holder thereof is authorized to serve asrman in connection withrcraft and shall be issued only upon the finding that the applicant is properly qualified and physically able to perform the duties of the position. The certificate shall contain such terms, conditions and limitations as the Administrator may determine to be necessary to assure safety inr commerce: Provided, however, That therman's license shall be issued only to qualified persons who are citizens of the Philippines or qualified citizens of countries granting similar rights and privileges to citizens of the Philippines.

(4)    To issuerworthiness certificate forrcraft which shall prescribe the duration of such certificate, the type of service for which thercraft may be used, and such other terms and conditions and limitations as are required.

(5)    To issuer carrier operating certificate and to establish minimum safety standards for the operation of ther carrier to whom such certificate is issued. Ther carrier operating certificate shall be issued only torcrafts registered under the provisions of this Act.

(6)    To issue type certificate forrcraft,rcraft engine, propellers and appliances.

(7)    To inspect, classify and rate anyr navigation facilities and aerodromes available for the use ofrcraft as to its suitability for such use and to issue a certificate for suchr navigation facility and aerodrome; and to determine the suitability of foreign aerodromes,r navigation facilities as well asr routes to be used prior to the operation of Philippine registeredrcraft in foreignr transportation and from time to time thereafter as may be required in the interest of safety inr commerce.

(8)    To issue certificates of persons or civil aviation schools giving instruction in flying, repair stations, and otherr agencies and provide for the examination and rating thereof.

(9)    To promulgate rules and regulations as may be necessary in the interest of safety inr commerce pertaining to the issuance of therman's certificate including licensing of operating and mechanical personnel, type certificate forrcraft,rcraft engines, propellers and appliances,rworthiness certificate,r carrier operating certificate,r agency certificate, navigation facility and aerodrome certificate;r traffic routes; radio and aeronautical telecommunications andr navigationds;rcraft accident inquiry; aerodromes, both public and private owned; construction of obstructions to aerodromes; registration ofrcraft; search and rescue; facilitation ofr transport; operations ofrcraft, both for domestic and international, including scheduled and non-scheduled; meteorology in relation to civil aviation; rules of ther;r traffic services; rules for prevention of collision ofrcraft; identification ofrcraft; rules for safe altitudes of flight; and such other rules, and regulations, standards, governing other practices, methods, procedures as the Administrator may find necessary and appropriate to provide adequately for safety regularity and efficiency inr commerce andr navigation.

(10)    To provide for the enforcement of the rules and regulations issued under the provisions of this Act and to conduct investigation for violations thereto. In undertaking such investigation, to require by subpoena or subpoena duces tecum, the attendance and testimony of witness, the production of books, papers, documents, exhibits matter, evidence, or the taking of depositions before any person authorized to administer oath. Refusal to submit to the reasonable requirements of the investigation committee shall be punishable in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(11)    To investigate accidents involvingrcraft and report to the Civil Aeronautics Board the facts, conditions and circumstances relating to the accidents and the probable cause thereof; and to make such recommendations to the Civil Aeronautics Board as may tend to prevent similar accidents in the future: Provided, That when any accident has resulted in serious or fatal injury the Civil Aeronautics Board shall make public such report and recommendations: And provided, further, That no report on any accident or any statement made during any investigation or during hearing relative to such accident may be admitted as evidence or used for any purpose in any civil suit growing out of any matter revealed within any such report, statement, investigation or hearing.

(12)    To collect and disseminate information relative to civil aeronautics and the development ofr commerce and the aeronautical industry; to exchange with foreign governments, information pertaining to civil aeronautics; and to provide for direct communication all matters relating to the technical or operational phase of aeronautics with international aeronautical agencies.

(13)    To acquire and operate suchrcraft as may be necessary to execute the duties and functions of the Civil Aeronautics Administration prescribed in this Act.

(14)    To plan, design, acquire, establish, construct, operate, improve, maintain, and repair necessary aerodromes and otherr navigation facilities.

(15)    To impose and fix, except those mentioned in section forty, paragraph twenty-five and hereinafter provided, reasonable charges and fees for the use of government aerodromes orr navigation facilities; for services rendered by the Civil Aeronautics Administration in the rating of any aerodrome orr navigation facilities, civil aviation schools and instructions,rcraft repair stations, andrcraft radio and aeronautical telecommunications stations. To collect and receive charges and fees for the registration ofrcraft and for the issuance and/or renewal of licenses or certificates forrcraft,rcraft engines, propellers and appliances, andrmen as provided in this Act.

(16)    To fix the reasonable charges to be imposed in the use of privately ownedr navigation facilities and aerodromes.

(17)    To impose fines and/or civil penalties and make compromises in respect thereto.

(18)    To adopt a system for registration ofrcraft as hereinafter provided.

(19)    To participate actively with the largest possible degree in the development of international standardization of practices in aviation matters important to safe, expeditious, and easy navigation, and to implement as far as practicable the international standards, recommended practices, and policies adopted by appropriate international aeronautical agencies.

(20)    To exercise and perform its powers and duties under this Act consistent with any obligation assumed by the Republic of the Philippines in any treaty, convention or agreement on civil aviation matters.

(21)    To cooperate, assist and coordinate with any research and technical agency of the Government on matters relating to research and technical studies on design, materials, workmanship, construction, performance, maintenance and operation ofrcraft,rcraft engines, propellers, appliances, andr navigation facilities includingrcraft fuel and oil: Provided, That nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize the duplication of the laboratory research, activities or technical studies of any existing governmental agency.

(22)    To designate such prohibited and danger areas, in consonance with the requirements of the international aeronautical agencies and national security.

(23)    To issue, deny, cancel or revoke any certificate, permit or license pertaining torcraft,rmen, andr agencies: Provided, That any order denying, cancelling, revoking the certificate, permit or license may be appealed to the Civil Aeronautics Board, whose decisions shall be final, within fifteen days from date of notification of such denial, cancellation, or revocation.

(24)    To administer, operate, manage, control, maintain and develop the Manila Internationalrport and all government-owned aerodromes except those controlled or operated by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, including such powers and duties as: (a) to plan, design, construct, equip, expand, improve, repair or alter aerodromes or such structures, improvements, orr navigation facilities; (b) to enter into, make and execute contracts of any kind with any person, firm, or public or private corporation or entity; (c) to acquire, hold, purchase, or lease any personal or real property, right of ways, and easements which may be proper or necessary: Provided, That no real property thus acquired and any other real property of the Civil Aeronautics Administration shall be sold without the approval of the President of the Philippines; (d) to grant to any person, such concession or concession rights on space or property within or upon the aerodrome for purposes essential or appropriate to the operation of the aerodrome upon such terms and conditions as the Administrator may deem proper: Provided, however, That the exclusive use of any landing strip or runway within the aerodrome shall not be granted to any person; (e) to determine the types ofrcraft that may be allowed to use any of the aerodromes under its management and control in the interest of public safety; (f) to prescribe, adopt, establish and enforce such rules and regulations consistent with existing laws, rules and regulations, as may be necessary for the safety, health and welfare of the public within the aerodrome.

(25)    To determine, fix, impose, collect and receive landing fees, parking space fees, royalties on sales or deliveries, direct or indirect, to anyrcraft for its use of aviation gasoline, oil and lubricants, spare parts, accessories, and supplies, tools, other royalties, fees or rentals for the use of any of the property under its management and control.

As used in this sub-section:

(1)    "Landing fees" refer to all charges for the use of any landing strip or runway by anyrcraft landing or taking off at an aerodrome.

(2)    "Terminal fees" refer to charges for parking at or near the ramp, terminal area, or building, for purposes of loading or unloading passengers and/or cargo.

(3)    "Royalties" refer to all charges based on gross business or sales, or gross or net profit.

(4)    "Supplies" include any and all items of whatever nature or description which may be necessary for, or incidental to, the operation of anrcraft.

(26)    To grant permit to civilrcraft or persons to carry instruments or photographic device to be used for aerial photography or taking of pictures by photograph or sketching of any part of the Philippines.

Sec. 33.    The Civil Aeronautics Administration shall make an annul report to the Department Head which shall contain such information and data as may be considered of value in the development of civil aeronautics and such recommendation as to additional legislation on civil aeronautics as may be deemed necessary.

CHAPTER VI
Registration and record

Sec. 34.    Eligibility for registration. — Except as otherwise provided in the Constitution and existing treaty or treaties, norcraft shall be eligible for registration unless it is owned by a citizen or citizens of the Philippines and is not registered under the laws of any foreign country.

Such certificate shall be conclusive evidence of nationality for international purposes, but not in any proceedings under the laws of the Republic of the Philippines.

The certificate of registration is conclusive evidence of ownership, except in a proceeding where such ownership is, or may be, at issue.

Sec. 35.    Application forrcraft registration. — Applications for certificate of registration shall be made in writing, signed and sworn to by the owner of anyrcraft eligible for registration. The application shall also state: (1) the date and place filing; (2) the specification, construction, and technical description of thercraft; and (3) such other information as may be required by the Administrator in such manner and form as the Administrator may by regulations prescribe.

Sec. 36.    Issuance of certificate of registration. — Should the Administrator, upon considering the application for registration, find thercraft eligible for registration, suchrcraft shall be registered by the Administrator, and the Administrator shall issue to the owner thereof a certificate of registration.

Sec. 37.    Revocation. — Any certificate of registration may be revoked by the Administrator for any cause which renders thercraft ineligible for registration.

Sec. 38.    Conveyance to be recorded. — No conveyance made or executed, which affects the title to, or interest in, any civilrcraft of Philippine registry, or any portion thereof shall be valid in respect to suchrcraft or portion thereof against any person other than the person by whom the conveyance is made or executed, his heirs, assignees, executors, administrators, devisees, or successors in interest, and any person having actual notice thereof, until such conveyance is recorded in the office of the Civil Aeronautics Administration. Every such conveyance so recorded in the Civil Aeronautics Administration shall be valid as against all persons. Any instrument, recording of which is required by the provisions of this Act, shall take effect from the date of its record in the books of the Civil Aeronautics Administration, and not from the date of its execution.

Sec. 39.    Form of conveyance. — No conveyance may be recorded under the provisions of this Act unless it complies with the requirements for the registration of documents affecting land. The conveyance to be recorded shall also state: (1) the interest in thercraft of the person by whom such conveyance is made or executed or, in the case of a contract of conditional sale, the interest of the vendor; and (2) the interest transferred by the conveyance.

Sec. 40.    Method of recording. — The Administrator shall record conveyances delivered to it in the order of their receipt, in files kept for that purpose, indexed to show:

(a)    the identifying description of thercraft;

(b)    the names of the parties to the conveyance;

(c)    the date of the instrument and the date and time it is recorded;

(d)    the interest in thercraft transferred by the conveyance;

(e)    if such conveyance is made as security for indebtedness, the amount and date of maturity of such indebtedness; and

(f)    all particular estates, mortgages, liens, leases, orders, and other encumbrances and all decrees, instruments, attachments, or entries affectingrcraft and other matters properly determined under this Act.

Sec. 41.    Previously unrecorded ownership. — Applications for the issuance or renewal of anrworthiness certificate forrcraft whose ownership has not been recorded as provided in this Act shall contain such information with respect to the ownership of thercraft as the Administrator shall deem necessary to show who have property interests in suchrcraft and the nature and extent of such interest.

CHAPTER VII
Violation and penalties

Sec. 42.    Specific penalties. — (A) Any person engaging inr commerce without a permit issued by the Board as provided in this Act shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court: Provided, That a person engaging inr commerce on the date of the approval of this Act may continue so to engage until such time as the Board shall pass upon an application for a permit for such service, which application must be filed, as provided in Chapter IV of this Act, within one hundred and twenty days after the approval of this Act.

(B)    Anyr carrier violating any of the terms, conditions or limitations contained in any permit or amendment thereto shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand pesos for each violation.

(C)    Anyr carrier violating any order, rule and regulation issued by the Board shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand pesos for each violation.

(D)    The following acts shall subject anyr carrier to a fine not exceeding one thousand pesos for each offense:

(1)    Discounts or rebates on authorized rates, fares and charges;

(2)    Adopting rates, fares and charges which have been found or determined by the Board to be unjust, unreasonable, unduly preferential or unjustly discriminatory in a final order; or which have not been previously approved and authorized by the Board;

(3)    Issuing any free pass, free tickets or free or reduced rates, fares or charges for passengers except to the following persons: (a) officers, agents, employees of ther carrier and their immediate families; (b) witnesses and attorneys attending any legal investigation into accidents or any legal investigation in which suchr carrier is interested; (c) persons injured inrcraft accidents and physicians and nurses attending such persons; (d) members of the Board; (e) officers and personnel of the Civil Aeronautics Administration when traveling on official business upon the exhibition of their credentials; (f) Members of Congress of the Philippines; and (g) such other persons duly approved by the Board.

(E)    Any person who operates any civilrcraft in violation of any rule, regulation or order issued by the Administrator relating to aeronautical safety standards or practices or procedures shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.

(F)    Any person who, without the previous approval of the Civil Aeronautics Board, effects any consolidation, merger, purchase, lease, operating contract or acquisition and control between domesticr carriers, or between domesticr carriers and foreignr carriers, or between domesticr carriers and any person engaged in any phase of aeronautics shall be punished by a fine of five thousand pesos or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.

(G)    No person shall use an unregisteredrcraft eligible for registration under the provisions of this Act. Any person who operates suchrcraft shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or both, in the discretion of the court.

(H)    Any person serving in any capacity as anrman in connection with any civilrcraft without anrman certificate, or in violation of the terms of any such certificate or in excess of the rating of such certificate shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos. The repetition of this offense shall be sufficient cause for the revocation of therman's certificate.

(I)    Any person who employs in connection with any civilrcraft used inr commerce anrman who does not have anrman's certificate authorizing him to serve in the capacity for which he is employed, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos. A repetition of the offense shall be sufficient cause for revocation of the permit.

(J)    Any person who operates any civilrcraft for which there is not currently in affect anrworthiness certificate or in violation of the terms of such certificate shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos. The repetition of this offense shall be sufficient cause for the revocation of the permit.

(K)    Any person who without previous approval and authorization of the Board, shall adopt, establish, maintain, change, revise, abandon, alter, amend, defer, reject, discontinue, suspend, or restore, any classification, rule or regulation, or practice affecting routes, itineraries, schedules, classifications, increase or decrease of frequency of flights, in any manner whatsoever, shall be punished by a fine of five thousand pesos. The repetition of such offense shall be sufficient cause for revocation of the permit.

(L)    No person shall interfere, obstruct, hinder, or delay the Civil Aeronautics Board or any person duly delegated by the Board in the performance of its duties in the public interest. A fine not exceeding five thousand pesos shall be imposed upon anyone who:

(1)    with intent to interfere with the performance of the duties of the Board or any person duly delegated by the Board, shall knowingly or wilfully alter, falsify, mutilate any report, accounts, records, books, papers, contracts, agreement and all other documents; or

(2)    shall knowingly and wilfully fail or refuse: (a) to make and/or submit the books, contracts, tariffs, papers, agreements, reports and all other documents required to be submitted by him for consideration before the Administrator or his duly authorized representative or before the Board; or (b) to keep or preserve accounts, records, memoranda, books, reports, papers and all other documents required by the Administrator or his duly authorized representative, or by the Civil Aeronautics Board; or

(3)    is guilty of misconduct in the presence of the Board or so near the same as to obstruct or interrupt the hearing or session or any proceedings before the Board and/or the Administrator or any representative duly authorized by them; or shall conduct himself in a rude or disorderly manner before the Administrator or his duly authorized representative or any member of the Board engaged in the discharge of official duty; or shall orally or in writing disrespectfully offend or insult any of the above-named bodies or persons on the occasion of or in the performance of their official duty or during any hearing, session, or investigation held by either the Board or Administrator or their duly designated representative; or

(4)    refuses to be sworn in as a witness or to answer as such when lawfully required to do so: Provided, That the Board or the Administrator or their duly authorized representative shall, if necessary, be entitled to the assistance of the municipal police for the execution of any order to compel a witness to be present or to testify; or

(5)    without lawful justification or excuse, hinders obstructs, or delays the Civil Aeronautics Board, the Administrator or their duly designated representative in the inspection or examination of the books and/or accounts of anr carrier for the purpose of ascertaining the correctness in any material particular of any report, papers, documents, books, contracts, agreements and/or other documents submitted by suchr carrier, or for any other purpose deemed by the Board and/or the Civil Aeronautics Administration to be in accordance with the public interest; or

(6)    neglects or refuses to attend and/or testify and/or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce books, papers, or documents, if in his power to do so, in obedience to the subpoena or lawful requirement of the Civil Aeronautics Board or the Civil Aeronautics Administration; or

(7)    testifies falsely or makes false affidavits or both before the Board or Civil Aeronautics Administration or any duly designated representative of either.

(M)    No person shall interfere withr navigation. A fine not exceeding five thousand pesos or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court, shall be imposed upon any person who:

(1)    with intent to interfere withr navigation within the Philippines, exhibits within the Philippines any light or signal at such place or in such manner that it is likely to be mistaken for a true light or signal established pursuant to this Act or for a true light or signal in connection with anrport or otherr navigation facility; or

(2)    after due warning by the Administrator, continues to maintain any misleading light or signal; or

(3)    knowingly removes, extinguishes, or interferes with the operation of any true light or signal.

(N)    Any person who shall knowingly and wilfully forge, counterfeit, alter, or falsely make any certificate authorized to be issued under this Act or knowingly use or attempt to use any fraudulent certificate shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand pesos or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.

(O)    For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section, the manager, or general manager or business manager, or person in charge of the business of the firm or corporation committing an unlawful act shall be held personally liable.

(P)    The Administrator may file the necessary complaints for the imposition of the penalties provided by this Act.

Sec. 43.    General penalty. — Any violation of the provisions of this Act, or any order, rule or regulation issued thereunder, or any term, condition or limitation of any certificate or permit issued under this Act for which no penalty is expressly provided shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred pesos for each violation.

Sec. 44.    Compromise regarding penalty. — The Civil Aeronautics Board may enter into compromise with respect to any penalty or fine imposed by virtue of the provisions of this Act. Failure to comply with the order or decision of the Board respecting such compromise shall be deemed good and sufficient reason for the suspension of the permit or any certificate until compliance is made. Compliance may also be enforced by appropriate action brought in a court of competent jurisdiction.

CHAPTER VIII
Orders and Judicial Review

Sec. 45.    Enforcement of orders. — The orders, decisions, and regulations of the Board and the terms and conditions of any certificate issued by it may also be enforced by any of the civil remedies provided by existing law.

Sec. 46.    Effective date of orders and decisions. — All orders, rules, and regulations of the Civil Aeronautics Board shall take effect at such time as the Board may prescribe. Whenever the Board is of the opinion that an emergency requiring immediate action exists in respect to safety inr navigation, it may, upon complaint or upon its initiative, make such just and reasonable orders, rules and regulations as may be essential in the interest of safety inr navigation to meet such emergency, without answer or other form of pleading by the interested person or persons, with or without notice, hearing, or the making or filing of a report: Provided, That the Board shall immediately initiate proceedings relating to the matters embraced in any such order, rule, or regulation and shall, insofar as practicable, give preference to such proceedings over all others under this Act.

Sec. 47.    Reconsideration of orders. — Any interested party may request the reconsideration of any order, ruling or decision of the Civil Aeronautics Board by petition filed within fifteen days from the date of the notice of the said order, ruling or decision made by the Board. The petition shall clearly and specifically state the grounds for reconsideration. Copies of said petition shall be served on all parties interested in the matter. It shall be the duty of the Board to call a hearing on said petition without delay, after notice to all parties concerned, and, after hearing, to decide the same as soon as practicable.

Sec. 48.    Finality of decision, order or ruling. — Decisions, orders, and/or rulings of the Board shall become final and conclusive after fifteen days from the date thereof unless appealed within said period to the Supreme Court by certiorari.

Sec. 49.    Judicial review. — The Supreme Court may review any order, ruling or decision of the Board and modify or set aside such order, ruling or decision when it clearly appears that there was no evidence before the Board to support reasonably such order, ruling or decision, or that the same is contrary to law or that the Board has no or has exceeded its jurisdiction. The evidence presented to the Board together with the record of proceedings before the Board shall be certified by the secretary of the Board to the Supreme Court.

Any ruling, order, decision or award of the Civil Aeronautics Board, except such ruling, order, decision or award with respect to the issuance of a permit, may be reviewed by the Supreme Court upon a writ of certiorari in proper cases. The procedure for review, except as herein provided, shall be prescribed by the Supreme Court.

Except as otherwise provided in the proceeding paragraph all orders, rulings, or decisions of the Board may be reviewed on the application of any person affected thereby by certiorari in appropriate cases or by petition to be known as Petition of Review, which shall be filed within fifteen days from the notification of such order, ruling or decision, or, in case a petition for the reconsideration of such order is filed in accordance with the preceding section and the same is denied, within fifteen days after notice of the order denying the petition for reconsideration. Said petition shall be placed on file in the office of the Supreme Court, which shall furnish copies thereof to the secretary of the Board and other parties interested.

CHAPTER IX
Receipts of the Civil Aeronautics Administration and Civil Aeronautics Board

Sec. 50.    Fees. — For services rendered and documents issued by the Civil Aeronautics Administration and/or the Civil Aeronautics Board, the following fees shall be charged and collected:

(1)    For filing of an application to engage inr commerce, two hundred and fifty pesos;

(2)    For filing of an application for ratings of aviation schools and otherr agencies, one hundred pesos;

(3)    For eachrman's certificate issued, a maximum charge of fifty pesos;

(4)    For certifying copies of official documents and orders in the files of the Civil Aeronautics Administration and Civil Aeronautics Board, fifty centavos per copy, plus twenty centavos per each page of folio so certified;

(5)    For certified transcripts of notes of the Civil Aeronautics Administration or Civil Aeronautics Board, thirty centavos for each page of not less than two hundred words;

(6)    For the registration ofrcraft, a maximum fee of fifty pesos for everyrcraft registered, regardless of type;

(7)    For the registration of engines, propellers and/or appliances, a fee of ten pesos for every engine, propeller and/or appliance registered.

Sec. 51.    Other fees. — When any act or service has been performed or rendered by the Civil Aeronautics Administration under the provisions of this Act for which no fee has been fixed by law, such fees shall be collected as may from time to time be prescribed by the Civil Aeronautics Administration with the approval of the Department Head.

Sec. 52.    Disposition of receipt. — All money collected by the Civil Aeronautics Administration under the provisions of this Act shall constitute a revolving fund and shall be disbursed for the construction, repair, maintenance and improvement of governmentr navigation facilities: Provided, however, That any and all sums to be derived and collected for the Manila Internationalrport as well as cash and collections on accounts receivable standing to the credit of the Nationalrports Corporation and the Manila Internationalrport Division shall accrue to the Manila Internationalrport revolving fund which shall be disbursed by the Civil Aeronautics Administration for the operation of the Manila Internationalrport and for such other expenses as may be necessary, appropriate or incidental in connection therewith.

CHAPTER X
Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 53.    Separability of unconstitutional provisions. — The unconstitutionality of any section, subsection, sentence, clause, or term of this Act shall not affect the validity of the other provisions thereof.

Sec. 54.    The provisions of Commonwealth Act Numbered Ninety-seven, Commonwealth Act Numbered One hundred and sixty-eight as amended by Commonwealth Act Numbered Five hundred and twenty-nine, Republic Act Numbered One hundred and twenty-five, section one hundred and thirty-six to one hundred and fifty of Executive Order Numbered Ninety-four dated October four, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, sections two, three, four, and six of Executive Order Numbered Three hundred and sixty-five dated November ten, nineteen hundred and fifty, and Republic Act Numbered One hundred and fifty-eight, and all other laws, executive orders, administrative orders or proclamations or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.

The present personnel of, and all unexpended balances of appropriations available to, the Civil Aeronautics Administration created under the aforementioned Executive Orders shall be transferred to, and shall be available for use by the Civil Aeronautics Administration reorganized under this Act, respectively.

Sec. 55.    Appropriation. — The sum of sixty thousand pesos or so much thereof as may be necessary is authorized to be appropriated out of any funds in the National Treasury not otherwise appropriated for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of sections seven and eight, Chapter III, of this Act; and the sum of sixty thousand pesos or so much thereof as may be necessary, is authorized to be appropriated out of any funds in the said Treasury not otherwise appropriated for carrying out the provisions of sections twenty-six, thirty and thirty-one, Chapter V, of this Act. 

Sec. 56.    Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

Approved: June 20, 1952

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