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|REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8108 - AN ACT
GRANTING THE MARECO BROADCASTING NETWORK, INC., A FRANCHISE TO
CONSTRUCT, MAINTAIN AND OPERATE RADIO BROADCASTING AND TELEVISION
STATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES.
1. Nature and Scope of Franchise. — Subject to the
provisions of the Constitution and applicable laws, rules and
regulations, there is hereby granted to the Mareco Broadcasting
Network, Inc., hereunder referred to as grantee, its successors or
assigns, a franchise to construct, install, operate and maintain for
commercial purposes and in the public interest, radio and/or television
broadcasting stations in the Philippines with the corresponding
technological auxiliaries or facilities, special broadcast, other
program and distribution services and relay stations, and to install
radio communication facilities for the grantee's private use in its
Sec. 2. Manner of Operation of Stations or Facilities. — The stations or facilities of the grantee shall be constructed and operated in a manner as will at most result only in the minimum interference on the wavelengths or frequencies of the other existing station or stations which may be established by law, without in any way diminishing its own right to use its selected wavelengths or frequencies and the quality of transmission or reception thereon as should maximize rendition of the grantee's services and/or the availability thereof.
Sec. 3. Prior Approval of the National Telecommunications Commission. — The grantee shall secure from the National Telecommunications Commission the appropriate permit and licenses for its stations and shall not use any frequency in the radio spectrum without having been authorized by the Commission. The Commission, however, shall not unreasonably withhold or delay the grant of any such authority.
Sec. 4. Responsibility to the Public. — The grantee shall provide adequate public service time to enable the government, through the said broadcasting stations, to reach the population on important public issues; provide at all times sound and balanced programming; assist in the functions of public information and education; conform to the ethics of honest enterprise; and not use its stations for the broadcasting of obscene and indecent language, speech, act, scene, or for the dissemination of deliberately false information or willful misrepresentation to the detriment of the public interest, or to incite, encourage, or assist in subversive or treasonable acts.
Sec. 5. Right of Government. — A special right is hereby reserved to the President of the Philippines, in times of rebellion, public peril, calamity, emergency, disaster or disturbance of peace and order, to temporarily take over and operate the station of the grantee, to temporarily suspend the operation of any station in the interest of public safety, security and public welfare, or to authorize the temporary use and operation thereof by any agency of the government, upon due compensation to the grantee for the use of said stations during the period when they shall be so operated.
Sec. 6. Term of Franchise. — This franchise shall be for a term of twenty-five (25) years from the date of approval of this Act, unless sooner revoked or cancelled. In the event the grantee fails to operate continuously for two (2) years, this franchise shall be deemed ipso facto revoked.
Sec. 7. Acceptance and Compliance. — Acceptance of this franchise shall be given in writing sixty (60) days after approval of this Act. Upon giving such acceptance, the grantee shall exercise the privileges granted under this Act. Non-acceptance shall render the franchise void.
Sec. 8. Tax Provisions. — The grantee, its successors or assigns shall be liable to pay the same taxes on their real estate, buildings and personal property, exclusive of this franchise, as other persons or corporations are now or hereafter may be required by law to pay. In addition thereto, the grantee, its successors or assigns shall pay a franchise tax equivalent to three percent (3%) of all gross receipts of the radio business transacted under this franchise by the grantee, its successors or assigns: provided, that the grantee, its successors or assigns shall continue to be liable for income taxes payable under Title II of the National Internal Revenue Code pursuant to Sec. 2 of Executive Order No. 72 unless the latter enactment is amended or repealed, in which case the amendment or repeal shall be applicable thereto.
The grantee shall file the return with and pay the tax due thereon to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue of his duly authorized representatives in accordance with the National Internal Revenue Code and the return shall be subject to audit by the Bureau of Internal Revenue.
Sec. 9. Self-regulation by and Undertaking of Grantee. — The grantee shall not require any previous censorship of speech, play, act, scene or other matter to be broadcast and/or telecast from its stations: provided, that the grantee, during any broadcast and telecast shall cut off from the air the speech, play, act, scene or other matter being broadcast if the tendency thereof is to propose and/or incite treason, rebellion or sedition; or the language used therein or the theme thereof is indecent or immoral; and willful failure to do so shall constitute a valid cause for the cancellation of this franchise.
Sec. 10. Warranty if Favor of National and Local Government. — The grantee shall hold the national, provincial and municipal governments of the Philippines harmless from all claims, accounts demands or actions arising out of accidents or injuries, whether to property or to persons, caused by the construction or operation of the stations of the grantee.
Sec. 11. Sale, Lease, Transfer, Usufruct, Etc. — The grantee shall not lease, transfer, grant the usufruct of, sell or assign this franchise nor the right and privileges acquired there under to any person, firm, company, corporation or other commercial or legal entity, nor shall the controlling interest of the grantee be transferred to any such private person, firm, company, corporation or entity without the prior approval of the Congress of the Philippines. Any person or entity to which this franchise is sold, transferred or assigned shall be subject to all the same conditions, terms, restrictions and limitations of this Act.
Sec. 12. General Broadcast Policy Law. — The grantee shall comply with a general broadcast policy law which the Congress of the Philippines may hereafter enact.
Sec. 13. Separability Clause. — If any of the sections or provisions of this Act is held invalid, all the other provisions not affected thereby shall remain valid.
Sec. 14. Repealability and Non-exclusivity Clause. — This franchise shall be subject to amendment, alteration, or repeal by the Congress of the Philippines when the public interest so requires and shall not be interpreted as an exclusive grant of the privileges herein provided for.
Sec. 15. Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
(Note: Lapsed into law on July 9, 1995, without the signature of the President, in accordance with Article VI, Sec. 27 (1) of the Constitution.)