,

ChanRobles Virtual Law Library






CHANROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY




On-Line Bar Review

cralaw_chanroblesbar

MCLE:

cralaw_lawnet

DebtKollect

cralaw_debkollect

Intellectual Property

cralaw_iplaw
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 

Bookmark and Share



 

PHILIPPINE TREATIES
FULL TEXT

 
EXTRADITION TREATY BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
 
Desiring to make more effective the cooperation of the two countries in the repression of crime and, specifically, to regulate and thereby promote the relations between them in matters of extradition. chan robles virtual law library

HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

ARTICLE I
Obligation to Extradite

 
Each Contracting Party agrees to extradite to the other, in the circumstances and subject to the conditions described in this Treaty, persons found in its territory who are being proceeded against or who have been charged with, found guilty or convicted of, any crime covered by Article II of this Treaty committed within the territory of the other, or outside thereof under the conditions specified in Article IV. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE II
Extraditable Crimes
 

A. Persons shall be delivered up according to provisions of this Treaty who are being proceeded against or have been charged with, found guilty or convicted of, any of the following crimes provided that these crimes are punishable by the laws of both Contracting Parties by a possible penalty of death or deprivation of liberty for a period exceeding one year:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

1.  Murder; parricide; infanticide; and homicide chan robles virtual law library

2.  Rape, indecent assault; unlawful sexual acts with or upon minors under the age specified by the penal law of both Contracting parties chan robles virtual law library

3.  Abduction; kidnapping chan robles virtual law library

4.  Mutilation; physical injuries; frustrated murder or frustrated homicide

5.  Illegal or arbitrary detention chan robles virtual law library

6.   Slavery; servitude chan robles virtual law library

7.  Robbery; theft chan robles virtual law library

8.  Estafa; malversation; swindling; fraud; cheating chan robles virtual law library

9.  Extortion; threats; coercion chan robles virtual law library

10.  Bribery; corruption, graft chan robles virtual law library

11.  Falsification; perjury chan robles virtual law library

12.  Forgery; counterfeiting chan robles virtual law library

13.  Smuggling chan robles virtual law library

14.  Arson; destruction of property chan robles virtual law library

15.  Hijacking; piracy; mutiny chan robles virtual law library

16.  Crimes against the laws relating to narcotics, dangerous or prohibited drugs or prohibited chemicals chan robles virtual law library

17.  Crimes against the laws relating to firearms, explosives, or incendiary devices


B.  Extradition shall also be granted for participation in any of the crimes mentioned in this Article, not only as principals or accomplices, but also as accessories, as well as for attempt to commit or conspiracy to commit any of the aforementioned crimes, when such participation, attempt or conspiracy is punishable under the laws of both Contracting Parties by deprivation of liberty exceeding one year. chan robles virtual law library

C.  Extradition may also be granted at the discretion of the requested Party in respect of any other crimes for which it can be granted according to the laws of both Contracting Parties. chan robles virtual law library

D.  If extradition is requested for any crime encompassed by paragraphs A, B or C of this Article and that crime is punishable under the laws of both Contracting Parties by a deprivation of liberty exceeding one year, such crime shall be extraditable under the provisions of this Treaty whether or not the laws of both Contracting Parties would place that crime within the same category of crimes or denominate the crime by the same terminology, provided the elements of the crime correspond to those of one or more of the crimes mentioned in this Article under the laws of both Contracting Parties. chan robles virtual law library
 

ARTICLE III
Place of Commission
 

The requested Party may refuse to extradite a person claimed for a crime which is regarded by its laws as having been committed in whole or in part in its territory or in a place treated as its territory. chan robles virtual law library

ARTICLE IV
Territorial Application

A.  A reference in this Treaty to the territory of a Contracting Party of a reference to all the territory under the jurisdiction of that contracting party, including its airspace, territorial waters and continental shelf, and to vessels and aircraft registered in that Contracting party if any such aircraft is in flight or if any such vessel is on the high cease when the crime is committed. For purposes of this Treaty, an aircraft shall be considered to be in flight at any time from the moment when all its external doors are closed following embarkation until the moment when any such door is opened for the disembarkation. chan robles virtual law library

When the crime for which extradition had been requested has been committed outside the territory of the requesting State, the Executive Authority of the requested State shall have the power to grant extradition if the laws of the requested State would provide for the punishment of crime committed in analogous circumstances.

C.  The determination of the territory of the requested Party shall be governed by its national laws.

ARTICLE V
Political Crimes

A.  Extradition shall not be granted if the crime in respect of which it is requested is regarded by the requested Party as a political crime. chan robles virtual law library

B.  If any question arises as to whether a case is a political crime, the decision of the authorities of the requested State shall be determinative. chan robles virtual law library

C.  The taking or attempted taking of the life of the Head of State or Head of Government of either of the Contracting Parties or of a member of his family shall not be deemed to be a political crime for the purpose of this Treaty. chan robles virtual law library
 

ARTICLE VI
Extradition to Nationals
 

A.  Each party shall have the right to refuse extradition of nationals. chan robles virtual law library

B.  If the requested Party does not extradite its nationals, that Party shall at the request of the requesting Party submit the case to the competent authorities of the former for prosecution. For this purpose the files, information and exhibits relating to the crime shall be surrendered by the requesting party to the requested party.

C.  Notwithstanding paragraph B of this Article, the requested party shall not be required to submit the case to its competent authorities for prosecution of the authorities have no jurisdiction. chan robles virtual law library
 

ARTICLE VII
Exceptions to Obligation to Extradite
 

Extradition shall not be granted in any of the following circumstances:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

1.  When the person whose surrender is sought has been tried and acquitted or has undergone his punishment in a third State for the crime for which his extradition is requested. chan robles virtual law library

2.  when the prosecution or the enforcement of the penalty for the crime has become barred by prescription or lapse of time of either of the Contracting Parties. chan robles virtual law library

3.  When the crime constitutes an infraction against military law or regulations which is not a crime under ordinary criminal law. chan robles virtual law library
 

ARTICLE VIII
Double Jeopardy
 

Extradition shall not also be granted in any of the following:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

A.  when final judgment has been passed by the competent authorities of the requested Party upon the person claimed in respect of the crime or crimes for which extradition is requested. chan robles virtual law library

B.  When the person whose surrender is sought is being or has been proceeded against or has been tried and discharged or punished by the requested State for the crime for which his extradition is requested.
 

ARTICLE IX
Rule of Speciality
 

A person has been extradited shall not be prosecuted, sentenced or detained for any crime committed prior to his surrender other than for which he was extradited except in the following cases:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

(a)  When the requested Party which surrendered him consents. A request for consent shall be submitted to the requested Party, accompanied by the documents mentioned in Article XVII. Consent shall be given when the crime for which it is requested is itself subject to extradition in accordance with the provisions of Article II of this Treaty; and chan robles virtual law library

(b)  When the person, having had an opportunity to leave the territory of the Party to which he has been surrendered, has not done so within 45 days of his final discharged, or has returned to that territory after leaving it. chan robles virtual law library

ARTICLE X
Capital Punishment
 

If the crime for which extradition is requested is punishable by death under the law of the requesting Party; and if in respect of such crime the death penalty is not provided for by the law of the requested party or is not normally carried out, extradition may be refused unless the requesting Party gives such assurance as the requested Party considers sufficient that the death penalty will not be carried out. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE XI
Provisional Arrest
 

(1)  In case of urgency the competent authorities of the requesting Party may request the provisional arrest of the person sought. the competent authorities of the requested Party shall decide the matter in accordance with its law.

(2)  the request for provisional arrest shall state that the documents mentioned in Article XVII exist and that it is intended to send a request for extradition. It shall also state for what crime extradition will be requested and when and where such crime was committed and shall so far as possible give a description of the person sought.

(3)  A request for provisional arrest shall be sent in Indonesia, to the National Central Bureau (N.C.B.) Indonesia Interpol, and in the Philippines to the National Bureau of Investigation, either through the diplomatic channels or direct by post or telegraph or through the International Criminal police Organization (INTERPOL). chan robles virtual law library

(4)  The requesting authority shall be informed without delay of the result of its request. chan robles virtual law library

(5)  Provisional arrest may be terminated if, within a period of 20 days after arrest, the requested Party has not received the request for extradition and the documents mentioned in Article XVII. chan robles virtual law library

(6)  Release from provisional arrest shall not prejudice rearrest and extradition if a request for extradition is received subsequently.
 

ARTICLE XII
Surrender of the person to be Extradited
 

(1)  The requested Party shall inform the requesting Party through the diplomatic channels of its decision with regard to the request for extradition

(2)  Reasons shall be given for any rejection.

(3)  If the request is agreed to, the requesting Party shall be informed of the place and date of surrender and of the length of time for which the person claimed was detailed with a view to surrender. chan robles virtual law library

(4)  Subject to the provisions of paragraph (5) of this Article, if the person claimed has not been taken over on the appointed date, he may be released after the expiry of 15 days and shall in any case be released after the expiry of 30 days and the requested Party may refuse to extradite him for the same offense. chan robles virtual law library

(5)  If circumstances beyond its control prevent a Party from surrendering or taking over the person to be extradited, it shall notify the other party. The two Parties shall agree on a new date for surrender and the provisions of paragraph (4) of this Article shall apply. chan robles virtual law library
 

ARTICLE XIII
Postponed Surrender
 

The requested Party may, after making its decision on the request for extradition, postpone the surrender of the person claimed in order that he may be proceeded against by that Party or, if he has already been convicted, in order that he may serve his sentence in the territory of that Party for a crime other than that for which extradition is requested.


 
ARTICLE XIV
Handing Over of Property
 

(1)  the requested Party shall, insofar as its law permits and at the request of the requesting Party, seize and hand over property:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary chan robles virtual law library

(a)  which may be required as evidence, or chan robles virtual law library

(b)  which has been acquired as a result of the crime and which, at the time of the arrest, is found in the possession of the person claimed or discovered subsequently. chan robles virtual law library


(2)  the property mentioned in paragraph (1) of this Article shall be handed over even if extradition, having been agreed to, cannot be carried out owing to the death or escape of the person claimed.

(3)  When the said property is liable to seizure or confiscation in the territory of the requested Party, the latter may, in connection with pending criminal proceedings, temporarily retain it or hand it over on condition that it be returned.

(4)  Any right which the requested Party or any other State may have acquired in the said property shall be preserved. where these rights exists, the property shall be returned without charge to the requested Party as soon as possible after the trial.

 

ARTICLE XV
Procedure
 

The procedure with regard to extradition and provisional arrest of the person requested to be extradited shall be governed solely by the law of the requested Party. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE XVI
Expenses
 

Expenses incurred in the territory of the requested Party by reason of extradition shall be borne by that Party.


 
ARTICLE XVII
Request and Supporting Documents
 

(1)  A request for extradition shall be in writing and sent in Indonesia to the Minister of Justice, and in the Philippines to the Secretary of Justice, through the diplomatic channels. chan robles virtual law library

(2)    the request shall be supported by:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary chan robles virtual law library

(a)  the original or an authenticated copy of the conviction and sentence immediately enforceable or the warrant of arrest or other order having the same effect and issued in accordance with the procedure laid down in the law of the requesting Party. chan robles virtual law library

(b)  a statement of the crime for which extradition is requested. The time and place of its commission, its legal description and a reference to the relevant legal provisions shall be set out as accurately as possible; and

(c)  a copy of the relevant enactment or, where this is not possible, a statement of the relevant law, and as accurate a description as possible of the person claimed, together with any other information which will help to establish his identity and nationality. chan robles virtual law library


(3)  The documents to be used in extradition proceedings shall be drawn up in the English language.


 
ARTICLE XVIII
Multiple Requests
 

A contracting Party which receives two or more requests for the extradition of the same person for the same crime, or for different crimes, shall determine to which of the requesting States it shall extradite the person sought, taking into consideration the circumstances and particularly the possibility of a later extradition between the requesting states, the seriousness of each crime, in the place where the crime was committed, the nationality of the person sought, the dates upon which the requests were received and the provisions of any extradition agreements between that Party and the other requesting State or States. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE XIX
Settlement of Disputes
 

Any dispute between the two Parties arising out of the interpretation or implementation of this Treaty shall be settled peacefully by consultation or negotiations. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE XX
Transitional Provisions
 

A crime commenced prior to the date this Treaty enters into force but completed after the date this Treaty enters into force shall be extradited pursuant to this Treaty. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE XXI
Entry into Force
 

This Treaty shall enter into force on the date of exchange of Instruments of Ratification. chan robles virtual law library


 
ARTICLE XXII
Termination
 

This Treaty may be terminated at any time by either Party giving the other six months' prior notice of its intention to do so. such termination shall not prejudice any proceedings commenced prior to the giving of such notice.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Treaty. chan robles virtual law library


 
 
 

  Back to Top   -  Back to Home

 Copyright 1998-2006 by 
ChanRobles Publishing Company
 All Rights Reserved 
A production of The ChanRobles Group
Questions and comments mailto: 
cralaw@chanrobles.com
Designed & Maintained by:
  Harvard Computer Systems, Inc.
contents disclaimer    e-mail restriction
[ Our site works best at 800x600 resolution with Netscape ]
Since 19.07.98