OF CONFLICT OF JURISDICTION OVER CASES UNDER THE COMPREHENSIVE
AGRARIAN REFORM LAW OF 1988 (R.A. NO. 6657)
view of the increasing number of complaints on matters of jurisdiction
over agrarian disputes, the concerned trial court judges are reminded
the need for a careful and judicious application of Republic
Act No. 6657, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law
of 1988, in order to avoid conflict of jurisdiction with the
of Agrarian Reform (DAR) or the Department of Environment and Natural
(DENR). Conflict in jurisdiction must be avoided to prevent delay in
resolution of agrarian problems. In appropriate cases before it, the
concerned must not tolerate any delay.
this purpose, pertinent provisions of R.A.
No. 6657 delineating jurisdiction over agrarian disputes are hereby
50. Quasi-Judicial Powers of the DAR. -- The DAR is hereby vested with
primary jurisdiction to determine and adjudicate agrarian reform
and shall have exclusive original jurisdiction over all matters
the implementation of agrarian reform, except those falling under the
jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture (DA) and the Department
Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
55. No Restraining Order or Preliminary Injunction. -- No court in the
Philippines shall have jurisdiction to issue any restraining order or
of preliminary injunction against PARC or any of its duly authorized or
designated agencies in any case, dispute or controversy arising from,
to, or in connection with the application, implementation, enforcement,
or interpretation of this Act and other pertinent laws on agrarian
56. Special Agrarian Courts. -- The Supreme Court shall designate
at least one (1) branch of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) within each
to act as a Special Agrarian Court.
Supreme Court may designate more branches to constitute such additional
Special Agrarian Courts as may be necessary to cope with the number of
agrarian cases in each province. In the designation, the Supreme Court
shall give preference to the Regional Trial Courts which have been
to handle agrarian cases or whose presiding judges were former judges
the defunct Court of Agrarian Relations.
Regional Trial Court (RTC) judges assigned to said courts shall
said special jurisdiction in addition to the regular jurisdiction of
Special Agrarian Courts shall have the powers and prerogatives inherent
in or belonging to the Regional Trial Courts.
57. Special Jurisdiction. -- The Special Agrarian Courts shall have
and exclusive jurisdiction over all petitions for the determination of
just compensation to land owners, and the prosecution of all criminal
under this Act. The Rules of Court shall apply to all proceedings
the Special Agrarian Courts, unless modified by this Act.
Special Agrarian Courts shall decide all appropriate cases under their
special jurisdiction within thirty (30) days from submission of the
the trial court judges concerned are directed to take note of the
of the Supreme Court of 3 December 1990 in Vda. de Tangub vs. Court of
Appeals (191 SCRA 885), and of 13 September 1991 in Quismundo vs. Court
of Appeals (201 SCRA 609).
compliance is hereby enjoined. The Office of the Court Administrator is
directed to implement this Administrative Circular, which shall take
upon its issuance.
this 1st day of July, 2002.