U.S. Supreme Court
Kirkbride v. Lafayette County, 108 U.S. 208 (1883)
Kirkbride v. Lafayette County
Decided April 2, 1883
108 U.S. 208
Under an act of the Legislature of Missouri, county courts of counties were authorized to subscribe, in behalf of townships in their respective counties, to the capital stock of any railroad company within that state "building or promising to build a railroad into, through, or near such township, and to issue bonds in the name of the county in payment of such subscription." There was a vote of a township in favor of issuing bonds in aid of a particular railroad company. The subscription was made and the bonds issued, reciting that they were authorized by a vote of the people, and were issued under and pursuant to an order of the county court by authority of the act. When the vote was taken and the bonds issued, the company did not propose to build a road into or through the township, but it was proposing to build one from a point nine miles distant from the township to a farther distance. Interest on the bonds was paid for three years. In a suit on coupons of the bonds by a bona fide holder for value, held that the courts should acquiesce in the determination by the qualified voters and the local authorities that the proposed road was near the township, and hold that there was legislative authority for issuing the bonds.
Suit to recover on interest coupons of bonds issued by the county in payment of a subscription to the capital stock of the St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company. The answer denied the authority of the county to make the subscription. The court, a jury being waived, made the following special findings:
"I. The plaintiff's action is on coupons of bonds amounting to five thousand seven hundred dollars. These bonds were issued and delivered by the county court of the defendant to the St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company, in the month of November, 1868; said bonds are dated November 2, 1868, and were delivered about that date, and are of the following tenor, to-wit [The finding then recited the bond.] -- II. On the 5th of May, 1868, a petition of 25 taxpayers of Lexington Township in said county was filed in said county court, praying said court to order
an election of the qualified voters of said township for the purpose of taking the sense of the qualified voters on subscribing by said township $75,000.00 to the capital stock of the St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company, and that such election was ordered and held, and resulted by the proper vote in favor of such subscription. -- III. That on 7th July, 1868, said county court, in pursuance of such election, did subscribe the sum of $75,000.00 for and on behalf of the Township of Lexington to the capital stock of said St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company.-IV. That said bonds purport on their face to have been issued by authority of an act entitled 'An Act to facilitate the construction of railroads in the Missouri,' approved March 23, 1868. -- V. That plaintiff is a citizen of the Pennsylvania, and a purchaser for value before maturity of the bonds and coupons in question, without notice or knowledge of any irregularity in the subscription or issue of said bonds, except as may appear upon their face, and such as he was bound in law to take notice of, and is now the owner and bearer of the same, and that the defendant for three years paid the interest on these bonds as it fell clue. -- VI. The said St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company was organized and incorporated on the 8th day of January, 1868, by filing articles of association on that date with the Secretary of State, in pursuance of the general statutes of Missouri, title 24, of private corporations, c. 63, of railroad companies, 1865, whereby they were authorized to construct and operate a railroad from Richmond, in Ray County, by the way of Plattsburg, to St. Joseph, in Buchanan County, the length of the road limited to 64 miles, with a capital stock of $2,000,000, each share $100, 13 directors. -- VII. That the St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company, southern division, was organized and incorporated on the 10th day of August, 1868, by articles of association filed with the Secretary of State on that date, in pursuance of the general statutes of Missouri last aforesaid, whereby it was authorized to construct and operate a railroad 'from Richmond, in Ray County, to a point on the bank of the Missouri River, opposite to the City of Lexington;' that the length of this road is intended to be about nine miles, and that said St. Louis & St. Joseph Railroad Company, southern division, did construct its said road to within 500 yards of the north bank of the Missouri River, in Ray County, opposite to said City of Lexington. The company constructing
said road had a capital stock of 200,000 dollars. -- VIII. That the Missouri River is a navigable stream, and at that point is 1,500 yards in width, dividing said County of Ray from Lexington Township, in Lafayette County. -- IX. That said railroad companies, or either of them, have never established a depot, either freight or passenger, within the corporate limits of said City of Lexington nor within said Lexington Township, but that passengers and freight are deposited on the north side of said river, in Ray County, at the depot. -- X. That Lafayette County and Lexington Township and the City of Lexington are located on the south side of the Missouri River. -- XI. That Richmond, in Ray County, is nine miles from said Lexington Township in Lafayette County; that there is a ferry operated by a company in the City of Lexington, separate and apart from the railroad, for the purpose of accommodating the public travel and freight going north and south, crossing the river at that point, and also an omnibus Company, separate and apart from the railroad or ferry company, to transport passengers to and from the said railroad depot across said ferry, and for all other purposes of general travel, and that tickets for passengers on said railroad company are sold at an office in said City of Lexington."