U.S. Supreme Court
Carver v. United States, 111 U.S. 609 (1884)
Carver v. United States
Argued April 18, 1884
Decided May 5, 1884
111 U.S. 609
If a Treasury agent for the collection of cotton, who was convicted by a military commission of defrauding the United States and was sentenced to pay a fine, and paid the fine and was then released, consents after his release that the money may pass into the Treasury, he cannot maintain an action in the Court of Claims to recover it back on an implied contract to refund it either on the ground that the fine was illegally imposed or that it was paid under duress.
The facts making the case fully appear in the opinion of the Court. The case below is reported 16 Ct.Cl. 361.