U.S. Supreme Court
Chaffin v. Taylor, 116 U.S. 567 (1886)
Chaffin v. Taylor
Argued January 7-8, 1856
Decided February 1, 1886
116 U.S. 567
At the former hearing of this case, Chaffin v. Taylor, 114 U. S. 309, every question of law was decided which is raised by the pleadings filed below after the judgment of reversal at that hearing.
Whatever has been decided on one writ of error cannot be reexamined or a subsequent writ of error brought in the same suit.
Supervisors v. Kennicott, 94 U. S. 498, again affirmed.
A former judgment in this case rendered against the plaintiff in error by the Supreme Court of Appeals of the State of Virginia was reversed by this Court, a report of which will be found in 114 U. S. 114 U.S. 309.
The record at that time showed the state of the pleadings as follows:
The declaration was in trespass de bonis asportatis; the defendant justified the taking, etc., as Treasurer of Henrico County, charged by law with the duty of collecting taxes due the State of Virginia on property and persons in said county, alleging that the property was lawfully seized and taken for taxes due from the plaintiff to the state, which on demand he had refused to pay.
To this plea the plaintiff replied a tender in payment of the taxes, when demanded and before the trespass complained of, of the amount due in coupons cut from bonds of the State of Virginia, receivable in payment of taxes by virtue of the Act of the General Assembly of that state passed March 30, 1871.
To this replication the defendant demurred specially on the ground first that, by the Act of January 26, 1882, he was forbidden to receive coupons in payment of taxes, and second that by the Act of March 13, 1884, an action of trespass would not lie in such a case, the two acts referred to being set out in the report of the opinion of this Court in the case of Poindexter v. Greenhow, 114 U. S. 270, 114 U. S. 275. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary
On this demurrer, judgment was rendered for the defendant, which was reversed by this Court for the reasons set out in the opinion in the case of Poindexter v. Greenhow, ubi supra, on the ground that the statutes referred to were unconstitutional, null, and void as impairing the obligation of the contract entered into by the state with the holders of its bonds in the Act of March 30, 1871.
The cause was remanded with directions to proceed therein in conformity with law and the opinion of this Court. The mandate being received and entered of record in the Circuit Court of Henrico County, that court, against the objection of the plaintiff, on motion of the defendant, permitted the latter to file a rejoinder to the replication, as follows:
"And the said defendant, by his attorney, as to the replication of the plaintiff, says that the said plaintiff ought not to have or maintain his aforesaid action against him, because he says that at the time the said plaintiff offered to the defendant, as Treasurer and Collector of Taxes for the County of Henrico, in payment of the taxes of the said plaintiff for the year 1883 due to the State of Virginia, a paper or instrument in print, writing, or engraving purporting to be a coupon detached from a bond of the Commonwealth of Virginia, issued under the Act of Assembly of 1871 entitled 'An act to fund the public debt,' he, the said plaintiff, demanded that the said defendant should receive the same, together with a small sum of national bank currency, in full for said taxes due by the plaintiff for the year 1883, and give him, the said plaintiff, a receipt in full discharge of said taxes, notwithstanding the Act of the General Assembly, approved January 14, 1882, which provides that, whenever any taxpayer or his agent shall tender to any person whose duty it is to collect or receive taxes, debts, or demands due the commonwealth any papers or instruments in print, writing, or engraving purporting to be coupons detached from bonds of the commonwealth issued under the act of 1871, entitled 'An act to fund the public debt,' in payment of any such taxes, debts, and demands, the person to whom such papers are tendered shall receive the same, giving the party tendering a receipt, stating that he has received the same for the purpose of identification
and verification. He shall at the same time require such taxpayer to pay his taxes in coin, legal tender notes, or national bank bills, and upon payment give him a receipt for the same. In case of refusal to pay, the taxes due shall be collected as all other delinquent taxes are collected. The said defendant, as Treasurer and Tax Collector for the County of Henrico, as was his duty, did, on account of said Act of January 14, 1882, refuse to comply with the demands of the said plaintiff, but was willing and ready to receive, and is still ready to receive, the said paper or instrument in print, writing, or engraving, purporting to be a coupon detached from a bond of the commonwealth, issued under the act of 1871, entitled 'An act to fund the public debt,' and give said plaintiff a receipt for the same, for the purpose of identification and verification at the same time receiving from the said plaintiff his taxes in coin, legal tender notes, or national bank bills, giving him a receipt for the same, as required by said Act of January 14, 1882, and for the purpose herein set forth. But the said plaintiff was not willing to comply with said Act of January 14, 1882, and did not comply with the same, as by law he was required to do, and he refusing to pay his taxes aforesaid, the defendant, as Treasurer and Tax Collector for the County of Henrico, as was his duty under the law, proceeded to collect the taxes from the said plaintiff in the manner set forth in the plea of the defendant heretofore filed, and as provided for in said Act of January 14, 1882, and this he is ready to verify."
The cause was finally submitted on a demurrer to this rejoinder, when the court, being of opinion, as the record recites, that the judgment and opinion of this Court in this cause did not preclude and forbid the defendant from pleading in bar the Act of Assembly of January 14, 1882, set forth by him in his rejoinder, and that the Constitution of the United States did not make said act of assembly null and void as a defense to the defendant in this action, rendered judgment on the demurrer in favor of the defendant. A petition to the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia for a writ of error to that judgment was denied, and the cause is now brought here again for review. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary