U.S. Supreme Court
The Chinese Exclusion Case, 130 U.S. 581 (1889)
The Chinese Exclusion Case
Argued March 28-29, 1889
Decided May 13, 1889
130 U.S. 581
APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
In their relations with foreign governments and their subjects or citizens, the United States are a nation, invested with the powers which belong to independent nations.
So far as a treaty made by the United States with any foreign power can become the subject of judicial cognizance in the courts of this country, it is subject to such acts as Congress may pass for its enforcement, modification, or appeal. The Head Money Cases, 112 U. S. 580, and Whitney v. Robertson, 124 U. S. 190, followed.